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Subtypes of Primate Immunodeficiency Viruses


Groups: M N O P

Non-recombinant subtypes of Group M: A B C D F G H J K

Sub-subtypes: Subtypes A and F have defined subsubtypes: A1 A2 A3 A4 A6 F1 F2

Recombinants: See Circulating recombinant forms (CRFs)



Non-recombinant groups (formerly known as subtypes): A B C D E F G

Recombinants: HIV2_CRF01_AB



Virus species Primate species Comments Primate species
ASC Red-tailed Guenon Also dubbed SIVrtg. There are at least 3 SIVasc species infecting the two subspecies of Red-tailed Guenons, but complete genomes not yet available for all 3. Cercopithecus ascanius schmidti
Cercopithecus ascanius whitesidei
BAB Baboon Baboon infected in the wild with vervet SIV. Papio spp.
BLC Bioko Black Colobus Cercopithecus satanas satanas
BKM Black Mangabey Lophocebus aterrimus
BLU Blue Monkey Cercopithecus mitis
COL Colobus Monkey Colobus guereza
CPZ Chimpanzee SIVcpz infects both Pan troglodytes subspecies. Pan paniscus does not seem to have a SIV. Pan troglodytes troglodytes or
P. t. schweinfurthii
DEB DeBrazza's Monkey Cercopithecus neglectus
DEN Dent's Monkey Cercopithecus denti
DRL Drill Monkey Mandrillus leucophaeus
GOR Gorilla Gorilla gorilla
GRV Grivet Formerly a subspecies of African Green Monkey. Chlorocebus aethiops
GSN Greater Spot-nosed Monkey Cercopithecus nictitans
KRC Kibale Red Colobus Procolobus [Piliocolobus] rufomitratus tephrosceles
LST L'Hoest's Monkey Cercopithecus lhoesti
MAC Macaque Rhesus Macaque naturally infected by SIVsmm. Macaca mulatta
MAL Malbrouck Monkey Chlorocebus cynosuros
Mandrill Mandrills are infected with two types of SIV nearly as diverse from each other as HIV-1 and HIV-2 are from each other. Mandrillus sphinx
MNE Pig-tailed Macaque Pig-tailed Macaque infected in captivity by SIVsmm. Macaca nemestrina
MON Mona Monkey Cercopithecus mona
Mustached Monkey At least 3 distinct SIV species infect Mustached Monkeys. Cercopithecus cephus
OLC Olive Colobus Procolobus verus
PAT Patas Monkey Erythrocebus patas
PRG Preuss's Guenon Preuss's Red-eared Guenon from Bioko. Cercopithecus preussi insularis
RCM Red-capped Mangabey Cercocebus torquatus torquatus
REG Red-eared Guenon Red-eared Guenon from Bioko. Also dubbed SIVery. Cercopithecus erythrotis erythrotis
SAB Sabaeus Monkey Also called Green Monkey. Chlorocebus sabaeus
SMM Sooty Mangabey SMM is the species for both Sooty Mangabey and macaques experimentally infected with SMM. Cercocebus atys atys
STM Stump-tailed Macaque Stump-tailed Macaque infected in captivity by SIVsmm. Macaca arctoides
SUN Sun-tailed Monkey Cercopithecus solatus
SYK Sykes' Monkey Cercopithecus albogularis
TAL Talapoin Monkey Miopithecus ogouensis or
Miopithecus talapoin
TAN Tantalus Monkey Formerly a subspecies of African Green Monkey. Chlorocebus tantalus
TRC Tshuapa Red Colobus Piliocolobus tholloni
VER Vervet Formerly a subspecies of African Green Monkey. Chlorocebus pygerythrus
WCM White-crowned Mangabey White-crowned Mangabey infected in captivity by SIVver. Cercocebus torquatus lunulatus
WOL Wolf's Monkey Cercopithecus wolfi
WRC Western Red Colobus Procolobus verus


Additional Information

More information on HIV/SIV subtype nomenclature
HIV-1 M group nomenclature review article
How the HIV Database Classifies Subtypes


last modified: Tue Aug 8 12:55 2017

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