HIV molecular immunology database
Found 1 matching record:
|HXB2 Location||Gag(77-85)|| Gag Epitope Map
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Showing 1 of 9 variants.
|Mutation Type||E: escape documented in this paper|
|Note||A subject went to SLYNTVATL responder to non-responder which coincided with a switch to the variant epitope. The variant had poor CTL recognition and there was no peptide-specific CTLs generated upon stimulation of PBMCs.|
Goulder1997 P. J. Goulder, A. K. Sewell, D. G. Lalloo, D. A. Price, J. A. Whelan, J. Evans, G. P. Taylor, G. Luzzi, P. Giangrande, R. E. Phillips, and A. J. McMichael. Patterns of Immunodominance in HIV-1-Specific Cytotoxic T Lymphocyte Responses in Two Human Histocompatibility Leukocyte Antigens (HLA)-Identical Siblings with HLA-A*0201 Are Influenced by Epitope Mutation. J. Exp. Med., 8:1423-1433, 1997. Primary human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is controlled principally by HIV-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) to a steady- state level of virus load, which strongly influences the ultimate rate of progression to disease. Epitope selection by CTL may be an important determinant of the degree of immune control over the virus. This report describes the CTL responses of two HLA-identical hemophiliac brothers who were exposed to identical batches of Factor VIII and became seropositive within 10 wk of one another. Both have HLA-A*0201. The CTL responses of the two siblings were very dissimilar, one donor making strong responses to two epitopes within p17 Gag (HLA-A*0201-restricted SLYNTVATL and HLA-A3-restricted RLRPGGKKK). The sibling responded to neither epitope, but made strong responses to two epitopes presented by HLA-B7. This was not the result of differences in presentation of the epitopes. However, mutations in both immunodominant epitopes of the p17 Gag responder were seen in proviral sequences of the nonresponder. We then documented the CTL responses to two HLA-A*0201-restricted epitopes, in Gag (SLYNTVATL) and Pol (ILKEPVHGV) in 22 other HIV-infected donors with HLA-A*0201. The majority (71\%) generated responses to the Gag epitope. In the 29\% of donors failing to respond to the Gag epitope in standard assays, there was evidence of low frequency memory CTL responses using peptide stimulation of PBMC, and most of these donors also showed mutations in or around the Gag epitope. PubMed ID: 9126923. Show all entries for this paper.
Goulder1997e P. Goulder, D. Price, M. Nowak, S. Rowland-Jones, R. Phillips, and A. McMichael. Co-Evolution of Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte Responses. Immunol. Rev., 159:17-29, 1997. PubMed ID: 9416500. Show all entries for this paper.