HIV molecular immunology database
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|Gag Epitope Map|
|Author Location||p24(215-223 IIIB)|
|Show epitope variants|
Sipsas1997 N. V. Sipsas, S. A. Kalams, A. Trocha, S. He, W. A. Blattner, B. D. Walker, and R. P. Johnson. Identification of Type-Specific Cytotoxic T Lymphocyte Responses to Homologous Viral Proteins in Laboratory Workers Accidentally Infected with HIV-1. J. Clin. Invest., 99:752-762, 1997. To examine a situation where the autologous strain and the reference reagents would be the same, the CTL response of three lab workers accidentally infected with HIV IIIB was studied. Both group specific and type specific epitopes were targets for CTL clones. One subject had a broadening of CTL response over time, using a broad range of restricting HLA class I alleles. Characterization of the cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response against HIV-1 has been limited by the use of target cells expressing viral proteins from laboratory isolates of HIV-1. This approach has favored identification of group-specific CTL responses and precluded assessment of the extent of type-specific CTL responses directed against HIV-1. Using cells expressing viral proteins from the HIV-1 IIIB strain, we performed a detailed characterization of HIV-1-specific CTL response in three laboratory workers accidentally infected with HIV-1 IIIB. Eight of the epitopes identified were group specific, lying in relatively conserved regions of Gag, reverse transcriptase, and envelope. Three type-specific epitopes were identified, two of them in highly variable regions of envelope. In longitudinal studies in one subject, seven different epitopes and five different restricting HLA class I alleles were identified, with a progressive increase in the number of CTL epitopes recognized by this subject over time. Our data demonstrate that type-specific CTL responses make up a significant proportion of the host cellular immune response against HIV-1 and that a broadening of epitope specificity may occur. PubMed ID: 9045880. Show all entries for this paper.