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MAb ID 17b (1.7b, sCD4-17b, 1.7B)
HXB2 Location Env Env Epitope Map
Author Location gp120
Research Contact James Robinson, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, USA
Epitope (Discontinuous epitope)
Ab Type gp120 CD4i CoRBS (Cluster C)
Neutralizing L P (weak)  View neutralization details
Contacts and Features View contacts and features
Species (Isotype) human
Patient N70
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords acute/early infection, ADCC, adjuvant comparison, antibody binding site, antibody generation, antibody interactions, antibody lineage, antibody polyreactivity, antibody sequence, assay or method development, autoantibody or autoimmunity, autologous responses, binding affinity, brain/CSF, broad neutralizer, co-receptor, computational epitope prediction, dendritic cells, drug resistance, dynamics, enhancing activity, escape, glycosylation, HAART, ART, immunoprophylaxis, immunotherapy, kinetics, mimics, mimotopes, neutralization, polyclonal antibodies, review, structure, subtype comparisons, vaccine antigen design, vaccine-induced immune responses, variant cross-reactivity, viral fitness and reversion


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Showing 275 of 275 references.

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Acharya2013 Priyamvada Acharya, Timothy S. Luongo, Ivelin S. Georgiev, Julie Matz, Stephen D. Schmidt, Mark K. Louder, Pascal Kessler, Yongping Yang, Krisha McKee, Sijy O'Dell, Lei Chen, Daniel Baty, Patrick Chames, Loic Martin, John R. Mascola, and Peter D. Kwong. Heavy Chain-Only IgG2b Llama Antibody Effects Near-Pan HIV-1 Neutralization by Recognizing a CD4-Induced Epitope That Includes Elements of Coreceptor- and CD4-Binding Sites. J. Virol., 87(18):10173-10181, Sep 2013. PubMed ID: 23843638. Show all entries for this paper.

Agrawal-Gamse2009 Caroline Agrawal-Gamse, Fang-Hua Lee, Beth Haggarty, Andrea P. O. Jordan, Yanjie Yi, Benhur Lee, Ronald G. Collman, James A. Hoxie, Robert W. Doms, and Meg M. Laakso. Adaptive Mutations in a Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Protein with a Truncated V3 Loop Restore Function by Improving Interactions with CD4. J. Virol., 83(21):11005-11015, Nov 2009. PubMed ID: 19692476. Show all entries for this paper.

Arthos2002 James Arthos, Claudia Cicala, Tavis D. Steenbeke, Tae-Wook Chun, Charles Dela Cruz, Douglas B. Hanback, Prateeti Khazanie, Daniel Nam, Peter Schuck, Sara M. Selig, Donald Van Ryk, Margery A. Chaikin, and Anthony S. Fauci. Biochemical and Biological Characterization of a Dodecameric CD4-Ig Fusion Protein: Implications for Therapeutic and Vaccine Strategies. J. Biol. Chem., 277(13):11456-11464, 29 Mar 2002. PubMed ID: 11805109. Show all entries for this paper.

Banerjee2009 Kaustuv Banerjee, Sofija Andjelic, Per Johan Klasse, Yun Kang, Rogier W. Sanders, Elizabeth Michael, Robert J. Durso, Thomas J. Ketas, William C. Olson, and John P. Moore. Enzymatic Removal of Mannose Moieties Can Increase the Immune Response to HIV-1 gp120 In Vivo. Virology, 389(1-2):108-121, 20 Jun 2009. PubMed ID: 19410272. Show all entries for this paper.

Basmaciogullar2002 Stéphane Basmaciogullari, Gregory J. Babcock, Donald Van Ryk, Woj Wojtowicz, and Joseph Sodroski. Identification of Conserved and Variable Structures in the Human Immunodeficiency Virus gp120 Glycoprotein of Importance for CXCR4 Binding. J. Virol., 76(21):10791-800, Nov 2002. PubMed ID: 12368322. Show all entries for this paper.

Beauparlant2017 David Beauparlant, Peter Rusert, Carsten Magnus, Claus Kadelka, Jacqueline Weber, Therese Uhr, Osvaldo Zagordi, Corinna Oberle, Maria J. Duenas-Decamp, Paul R. Clapham, Karin J. Metzner, Huldrych F. Gunthard, and Alexandra Trkola. Delineating CD4 dependency of HIV-1: Adaptation to infect low level CD4 expressing target cells widens cellular tropism but severely impacts on envelope functionality. PLoS Pathog, 13(3):e1006255 doi, Mar 2017. PubMed ID: 28264054 Show all entries for this paper.

Beretta1994 A. Beretta and A.G. Dalgleish. B-Cell Epitopes. AIDS, 8(suppl 1):S133-S145, 1994. Show all entries for this paper.

Berro2009 Reem Berro, Rogier W. Sanders, Min Lu, Per J. Klasse, and John P. Moore. Two HIV-1 Variants Resistant to Small Molecule CCR5 Inhibitors Differ in How They Use CCR5 for Entry. PLoS Pathog., 5(8):e1000548, Aug 2009. PubMed ID: 19680536. Show all entries for this paper.

Billington2007 J. Billington, T. P. Hickling, G. H. Munro, C. Halai, R. Chung, G. G. Dodson, and R. S. Daniels. Stability of a Receptor-Binding Active Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Recombinant gp140 Trimer Conferred by Intermonomer Disulfide Bonding of the V3 Loop: Differential Effects of Protein Disulfide Isomerase on CD4 and Coreceptor Binding. J. Virol., 81(9):4604-4614, May 2007. PubMed ID: 17301129. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley1997 J. M. Binley, H. Arshad, T. R. Fouts, and J. P. Moore. An investigation of the high avidity antibody response to gp120 of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 13:1007-1015, 1997. PubMed ID: 9264287. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley1998 J. M. Binley, R. Wyatt, E. Desjardins, P. D. Kwong, W. Hendrickson, J. P. Moore, and J. Sodroski. Analysis of the Interaction of Antibodies with a Conserved Enzymatically Deglycosylated Core of the HIV Type 1 Envelope Glycoprotein 120. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 14:191-198, 1998. This paper helped showed the biological relevance of a deglycosylated variable loop deleted form of the core gp120. PubMed ID: 9491908. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley2000 J. Binley, R. Sanders, B. Clas, N. Schuelke, A. Master, Y. Guo, F. Kajumo, D. Anselma, P. Maddon, W. Olson, and J. Moore. A Recombinant Human Immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoprotein complex stabilized by an intramolecular disulfide bond between the gp120 and gp41 subunits is an antigenic mimic of the trimeric virion associated structure. J. Virol., 74:627-43, 1999. PubMed ID: 10623724. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley2003 James M. Binley, Charmagne S. Cayanan, Cheryl Wiley, Norbert Schülke, William C. Olson, and Dennis R. Burton. Redox-Triggered Infection by Disulfide-Shackled Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Pseudovirions. J. Virol., 77(10):5678-5684, May 2003. PubMed ID: 12719560. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley2006 James M. Binley, Stacie Ngo-Abdalla, Penny Moore, Michael Bobardt, Udayan Chatterji, Philippe Gallay, Dennis R. Burton, Ian A. Wilson, John H. Elder, and Aymeric de Parseval. Inhibition of HIV Env Binding to Cellular Receptors by Monoclonal Antibody 2G12 as Probed by Fc-Tagged gp120. Retrovirology, 3:39, 2006. PubMed ID: 16817962. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley2010 James M Binley, Yih-En Andrew Ban, Emma T. Crooks, Dirk Eggink, Keiko Osawa, William R. Schief, and Rogier W. Sanders. Role of Complex Carbohydrates in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection and Resistance to Antibody Neutralization. J. Virol., 84(11):5637-5655, Jun 2010. PubMed ID: 20335257. Show all entries for this paper.

Biorn2004 Alyssa C. Biorn, Simon Cocklin, Navid Madani, Zhihai Si, Tijana Ivanovic, James Samanen, Donald I. Van Ryk, Ralph Pantophlet, Dennis R. Burton, Ernesto Freire, Joseph Sodroski, and Irwin M. Chaiken. Mode of Action for Linear Peptide Inhibitors of HIV-1 gp120 Interactions. Biochemistry, 43(7):1928-1938, 24 Feb 2004. PubMed ID: 14967033. Show all entries for this paper.

Bontjer2009 Ilja Bontjer, Aafke Land, Dirk Eggink, Erwin Verkade, Kiki Tuin, Chris Baldwin, Georgios Pollakis, William A. Paxton, Ineke Braakman, Ben Berkhout, and Rogier W. Sanders. Optimization of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Glycoproteins with V1/V2 Deleted, Using Virus Evolution. J. Virol., 83(1):368-383, Jan 2009. PubMed ID: 18922866. Show all entries for this paper.

Bontjer2010 Ilja Bontjer, Mark Melchers, Dirk Eggink, Kathryn David, John P. Moore, Ben Berkhout, and Rogier W. Sanders. Stabilized HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Trimers Lacking the V1V2 Domain, Obtained by Virus Evolution. J. Biol. Chem, 285(47):36456-36470, 19 Nov 2010. PubMed ID: 20826824. Show all entries for this paper.

Bradley2016a Todd Bradley, Ashley Trama, Nancy Tumba, Elin Gray, Xiaozhi Lu, Navid Madani, Fatemeh Jahanbakhsh, Amanda Eaton, Shi-Mao Xia, Robert Parks, Krissey E. Lloyd, Laura L. Sutherland, Richard M. Scearce, Cindy M. Bowman, Susan Barnett, Salim S. Abdool-Karim, Scott D. Boyd, Bruno Melillo, Amos B. Smith, 3rd., Joseph Sodroski, Thomas B. Kepler, S. Munir Alam, Feng Gao, Mattia Bonsignori, Hua-Xin Liao, M Anthony Moody, David Montefiori, Sampa Santra, Lynn Morris, and Barton F. Haynes. Amino Acid Changes in the HIV-1 gp41 Membrane Proximal Region Control Virus Neutralization Sensitivity. EBioMedicine, 12:196-207, Oct 2016. PubMed ID: 27612593. Show all entries for this paper.

Brower2009 Evan T. Brower, Arne Schon, Jeffrey C. Klein, and Ernesto Freire. Binding Thermodynamics of the N-Terminal Peptide of the CCR5 Coreceptor to HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein gp120. Biochemistry, 48(4):779-785, 3 Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 19170639. Show all entries for this paper.

Brower2010 Evan T. Brower, Arne Schön, and Ernesto Freire. Naturally Occurring Variability in the Envelope Glycoprotein of HIV-1 and Development of Cell Entry Inhibitors. Biochemistry, 49(11):2359-2367, 23 Mar 2010. PubMed ID: 20166763. Show all entries for this paper.

Burton2005 Dennis R. Burton, Robyn L. Stanfield, and Ian A. Wilson. Antibody vs. HIV in a Clash of Evolutionary Titans. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 102(42):14943-14948, 18 Oct 2005. PubMed ID: 16219699. Show all entries for this paper.

Cai2017 Yongfei Cai, Selen Karaca-Griffin, Jia Chen, Sai Tian, Nicholas Fredette, Christine E. Linton, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Jianming Lu, Kshitij Wagh, James Theiler, Bette Korber, Michael S. Seaman, Stephen C. Harrison, Andrea Carfi, and Bing Chen. Antigenicity-Defined Conformations of an Extremely Neutralization-Resistant HIV-1 Envelope Spike. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 114(17):4477-4482, 25 Apr 2017. PubMed ID: 28396421. Show all entries for this paper.

Cao1997 J. Cao, N. Sullivan, E. Desjardin, C. Parolin, J. Robinson, R. Wyatt, and J. Sodroski. Replication and Neutralization of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Lacking the V1 and V2 Variable Loops of the gp120 Envelope Glycoprotein. J. Virol., :9808-9812, 1997. An HIV-1 mutant lacking the V1-V2 loops can replicate in Jurkat cells and revertants that replicate with wild-type efficiency rapidly evolve in culture. These viruses exhibited increased neutralization susceptibility to V3 loop or CD4i MAbs, but not to sCD4 or anti-CD4BS MAbs. Thus the gp120 V1 and V2 loops protect HIV-1 from some subsets of neutralizing antibodies. PubMed ID: 9371651. Show all entries for this paper.

Castillo-Menendez2019 Luis R. Castillo-Menendez, Hanh T. Nguyen, and Joseph Sodroski. Conformational Differences between Functional Human Immunodeficiency Virus Envelope Glycoprotein Trimers and Stabilized Soluble Trimers. J. Virol., 93(3), 1 Feb 2019. PubMed ID: 30429345. Show all entries for this paper.

Cavacini2002 Lisa A. Cavacini, Mark Duval, James Robinson, and Marshall R. Posner. Interactions of Human Antibodies, Epitope Exposure, Antibody Binding and Neutralization of Primary Isolate HIV-1 Virions. AIDS, 16(18):2409-2417, 6 Dec 2002. Erratum in AIDS. 2003 Aug 15;17(12):1863. PubMed ID: 12461414. Show all entries for this paper.

Cavacini2003 Lisa Cavacini, Mark Duval, Leslie Song, Rebecca Sangster, Shi-hua Xiang, Joseph Sodroski, and Marshall Posner. Conformational Changes in env Oligomer Induced by an Antibody Dependent on the V3 Loop Base. AIDS, 17(5):685-689, 28 Mar 2003. PubMed ID: 12646791. Show all entries for this paper.

Cham2006 Fatim Cham, Peng Fei Zhang, Leo Heyndrickx, Peter Bouma, Ping Zhong, Herman Katinger, James Robinson, Guido van der Groen, and Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr. Neutralization and Infectivity Characteristics of Envelope Glycoproteins from Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infected Donors Whose Sera Exhibit Broadly Cross-Reactive Neutralizing Activity. Virology, 347(1):36-51, 30 Mar 2006. PubMed ID: 16378633. Show all entries for this paper.

Chen2009 Lei Chen, Young Do Kwon, Tongqing Zhou, Xueling Wu, Sijy O'Dell, Lisa Cavacini, Ann J. Hessell, Marie Pancera, Min Tang, Ling Xu, Zhi-Yong Yang, Mei-Yun Zhang, James Arthos, Dennis R. Burton, Dimiter S. Dimitrov, Gary J. Nabel, Marshall R. Posner, Joseph Sodroski, Richard Wyatt, John R. Mascola, and Peter D. Kwong. Structural Basis of Immune Evasion at the Site of CD4 Attachment on HIV-1 gp120. Science, 326(5956):1123-1127, 20 Nov 2009. PubMed ID: 19965434. Show all entries for this paper.

Chen2009b Weizao Chen and Dimiter S. Dimitrov. Human Monoclonal Antibodies and Engineered Antibody Domains as HIV-1 Entry Inhibitors. Curr. Opin. HIV AIDS, 4(2):112-117, Mar 2009. PubMed ID: 19339949. Show all entries for this paper.

Chen2015 Jia Chen, James M. Kovacs, Hanqin Peng, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Jianming Lu, Donghyun Park, Elise Zablowsky, Michael S. Seaman, and Bing Chen. Effect of the Cytoplasmic Domain on Antigenic Characteristics of HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein. Science, 349(6244):191-195, 10 Jul 2015. PubMed ID: 26113642. Show all entries for this paper.

Chen2016b Yajing Chen, Richard Wilson, Sijy O'Dell, Javier Guenaga, Yu Feng, Karen Tran, Chi-I Chiang, Heather E. Arendt, Joanne DeStefano, John R. Mascola, Richard T. Wyatt, and Yuxing Li. An HIV-1 Env-Antibody Complex Focuses Antibody Responses to Conserved Neutralizing Epitopes. J. Immunol., 197(10):3982-3998, 15 Nov 2016. PubMed ID: 27815444. Show all entries for this paper.

Choe2003 Hyeryun Choe, Wenhui Li, Paulette L. Wright, Natalya Vasilieva, Miro Venturi, Chih-Chin Huang, Christoph Grundner, Tatyana Dorfman, Michael B. Zwick, Liping Wang, Eric S. Rosenberg, Peter D. Kwong, Dennis R. Burton, James E. Robinson, Joseph G. Sodroski, and Michael Farzan. Tyrosine Sulfation of Human Antibodies Contributes to Recognition of the CCR5 Binding Region of HIV-1 gp120. Cell, 114(2):161-170, 25 Jul 2003. PubMed ID: 12887918. Show all entries for this paper.

Chomont2008 Nicolas Chomont, Hakim Hocini, Jean-Chrysostome Gody, Hicham Bouhlal, Pierre Becquart, Corinne Krief-Bouillet, Michel Kazatchkine, and Laurent Bélec. Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibodies to Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Do Not Inhibit Viral Transcytosis Through Mucosal Epithelial Cells. Virology, 370(2):246-254, 20 Jan 2008. PubMed ID: 17920650. Show all entries for this paper.

Choudhry2006 Vidita Choudhry, Mei-Yun Zhang, Ilia Harris, Igor A. Sidorov, Bang Vu, Antony S. Dimitrov, Timothy Fouts, and Dimiter S. Dimitrov. Increased Efficacy of HIV-1 Neutralization by Antibodies at Low CCR5 Surface Concentration. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 348(3):1107-1115, 29 Sep 2006. PubMed ID: 16904645. Show all entries for this paper.

Choudhry2007 Vidita Choudhry, Mei-Yun Zhang, Igor A. Sidorov, John M. Louis, Ilia Harris, Antony S. Dimitrov, Peter Bouma, Fatim Cham, Anil Choudhary, Susanna M. Rybak, Timothy Fouts, David C. Montefiori, Christopher C. Broder, Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr., and Dimiter S. Dimitrov. Cross-Reactive HIV-1 Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibodies Selected by Screening of an Immune Human Phage Library Against an Envelope Glycoprotein (gp140) Isolated from a Patient (R2) with Broadly HIV-1 Neutralizing Antibodies. Virology, 363(1):79-90, 20 Jun 2007. PubMed ID: 17306322. Show all entries for this paper.

Chuang2013 Gwo-Yu Chuang, Priyamvada Acharya, Stephen D. Schmidt, Yongping Yang, Mark K. Louder, Tongqing Zhou, Young Do Kwon, Marie Pancera, Robert T. Bailer, Nicole A. Doria-Rose, Michel C. Nussenzweig, John R. Mascola, Peter D. Kwong, and Ivelin S. Georgiev. Residue-Level Prediction of HIV-1 Antibody Epitopes Based on Neutralization of Diverse Viral Strains. J. Virol., 87(18):10047-10058, Sep 2013. PubMed ID: 23843642. Show all entries for this paper.

Crooks2015 Ema T. Crooks, Tommy Tong, Bimal Chakrabarti, Kristin Narayan, Ivelin S. Georgiev, Sergey Menis, Xiaoxing Huang, Daniel Kulp, Keiko Osawa, Janelle Muranaka, Guillaume Stewart-Jones, Joanne Destefano, Sijy O'Dell, Celia LaBranche, James E. Robinson, David C. Montefiori, Krisha McKee, Sean X. Du, Nicole Doria-Rose, Peter D. Kwong, John R. Mascola, Ping Zhu, William R. Schief, Richard T. Wyatt, Robert G. Whalen, and James M. Binley. Vaccine-Elicited Tier 2 HIV-1 Neutralizing Antibodies Bind to Quaternary Epitopes Involving Glycan-Deficient Patches Proximal to the CD4 Binding Site. PLoS Pathog, 11(5):e1004932, May 2015. PubMed ID: 26023780. Show all entries for this paper.

Davis2009 Katie L. Davis, Frederic Bibollet-Ruche, Hui Li, Julie M. Decker, Olaf Kutsch, Lynn Morris, Aidy Salomon, Abraham Pinter, James A. Hoxie, Beatrice H. Hahn, Peter D. Kwong, and George M. Shaw. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 2 (HIV-2)/HIV-1 Envelope Chimeras Detect High Titers of Broadly Reactive HIV-1 V3-Specific Antibodies in Human Plasma. J. Virol., 83(3):1240-1259, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 19019969. Show all entries for this paper.

Dennison2014 S. Moses Dennison, Kara M. Anasti, Frederick H. Jaeger, Shelley M. Stewart, Justin Pollara, Pinghuang Liu, Erika L. Kunz, Ruijun Zhang, Nathan Vandergrift, Sallie Permar, Guido Ferrari, Georgia D. Tomaras, Mattia Bonsignori, Nelson L. Michael, Jerome H Kim, Jaranit Kaewkungwal, Sorachai Nitayaphan, Punnee Pitisuttithum, Supachai Rerks-Ngarm, Hua-Xin Liao, Barton F. Haynes, and S. Munir Alam. Vaccine-Induced HIV-1 Envelope gp120 Constant Region 1-Specific Antibodies Expose a CD4-Inducible Epitope and Block the Interaction of HIV-1 gp140 with Galactosylceramide. J. Virol., 88(16):9406-9417, Aug 2014. PubMed ID: 24920809. Show all entries for this paper.

Depetris2012 Rafael S Depetris, Jean-Philippe Julien, Reza Khayat, Jeong Hyun Lee, Robert Pejchal, Umesh Katpally, Nicolette Cocco, Milind Kachare, Evan Massi, Kathryn B. David, Albert Cupo, Andre J. Marozsan, William C. Olson, Andrew B. Ward, Ian A. Wilson, Rogier W. Sanders, and John P Moore. Partial Enzymatic Deglycosylation Preserves the Structure of Cleaved Recombinant HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Trimers. J. Biol. Chem., 287(29):24239-24254, 13 Jul 2012. PubMed ID: 22645128. Show all entries for this paper.

Derby2006 Nina R. Derby, Zane Kraft, Elaine Kan, Emma T. Crooks, Susan W. Barnett, Indresh K. Srivastava, James M. Binley, and Leonidas Stamatatos. Antibody Responses Elicited in Macaques Immunized with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) SF162-Derived gp140 Envelope Immunogens: Comparison with Those Elicited during Homologous Simian/Human Immunodeficiency Virus SHIVSF162P4 and Heterologous HIV-1 Infection. J. Virol., 80(17):8745-8762, Sep 2006. PubMed ID: 16912322. Show all entries for this paper.

Derking2015 Ronald Derking, Gabriel Ozorowski, Kwinten Sliepen, Anila Yasmeen, Albert Cupo, Jonathan L. Torres, Jean-Philippe Julien, Jeong Hyun Lee, Thijs van Montfort, Steven W. de Taeye, Mark Connors, Dennis R. Burton, Ian A. Wilson, Per-Johan Klasse, Andrew B. Ward, John P. Moore, and Rogier W. Sanders. Comprehensive Antigenic Map of a Cleaved Soluble HIV-1 Envelope Trimer. PLoS Pathog, 11(3):e1004767, Mar 2015. PubMed ID: 25807248. Show all entries for this paper.

Dervillez2010 Xavier Dervillez, Volker Klaukien, Ralf Dürr, Joachim Koch, Alexandra Kreutz, Thomas Haarmann, Michaela Stoll, Donghan Lee, Teresa Carlomagno, Barbara Schnierle, Kalle Möbius, Christoph Königs, Christian Griesinger, and Ursula Dietrich. Peptide Ligands Selected with CD4-Induced Epitopes on Native Dualtropic HIV-1 Envelope Proteins Mimic Extracellular Coreceptor Domains and Bind to HIV-1 gp120 Independently of Coreceptor Usage. J. Virol., 84(19):10131-10138, Oct 2010. PubMed ID: 20660187. Show all entries for this paper.

deTaeye2018 Steven W. de Taeye, Alba Torrents de la Peña, Andrea Vecchione, Enzo Scutigliani, Kwinten Sliepen, Judith A. Burger, Patricia van der Woude, Anna Schorcht, Edith E. Schermer, Marit J. van Gils, Celia C. LaBranche, David C. Montefiori, Ian A. Wilson, John P. Moore, Andrew B. Ward, and Rogier W. Sanders. Stabilization of the gp120 V3 Loop through Hydrophobic Interactions Reduces the Immunodominant V3-Directed Non-Neutralizing Response to HIV-1 Envelope Trimers. J. Biol. Chem., 293(5):1688-1701, 2 Feb 2018. PubMed ID: 29222332. Show all entries for this paper.

DeVico2007 Anthony DeVico, Timothy Fouts, George K. Lewis, Robert C. Gallo, Karla Godfrey, Manhattan Charurat, Ilia Harris, Lindsey Galmin, and Ranajit Pal. Antibodies to CD4-Induced Sites in HIV gp120 Correlate with the Control of SHIV Challenge in Macaques Vaccinated with Subunit Immunogens. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 104(44):17477-17482, 30 Oct 2007. PubMed ID: 17956985. Show all entries for this paper.

Dey2003 Barna Dey, Christie S. Del Castillo, and Edward A. Berger. Neutralization of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 by sCD4-17b, a Single-Chain Chimeric Protein, Based on Sequential Interaction of gp120 with CD4 and Coreceptor. J. Virol., 77(5):2859-2865, Mar 2003. PubMed ID: 12584309. Show all entries for this paper.

Dey2007 Antu K. Dey, Kathryn B. David, Per J. Klasse, and John P. Moore. Specific Amino Acids in the N-Terminus of the gp41 Ectodomain Contribute to the Stabilization of a Soluble, Cleaved gp140 Envelope Glycoprotein from Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. Virology, 360(1):199-208, 30 Mar 2007. PubMed ID: 17092531. Show all entries for this paper.

Dey2007a Barna Dey, Marie Pancera, Krisha Svehla, Yuuei Shu, Shi-Hua Xiang, Jeffrey Vainshtein, Yuxing Li, Joseph Sodroski, Peter D Kwong, John R Mascola, and Richard Wyatt. Characterization of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Monomeric and Trimeric gp120 Glycoproteins Stabilized in the CD4-Bound State: Antigenicity, Biophysics, and Immunogenicity. J Virol, 81(11):5579-5593, Jun 2007. PubMed ID: 17360741. Show all entries for this paper.

Dey2008 Antu K. Dey, Kathryn B. David, Neelanjana Ray, Thomas J. Ketas, Per J. Klasse, Robert W. Doms, and John P. Moore. N-Terminal Substitutions in HIV-1 gp41 Reduce the Expression of Non-Trimeric Envelope Glycoproteins on the Virus. Virology, 372(1):187-200, 1 Mar 2008. PubMed ID: 18031785. Show all entries for this paper.

Dey2009 Barna Dey, Krisha Svehla, Ling Xu, Dianne Wycuff, Tongqing Zhou, Gerald Voss, Adhuna Phogat, Bimal K. Chakrabarti, Yuxing Li, George Shaw, Peter D. Kwong, Gary J. Nabel, John R. Mascola, and Richard T. Wyatt. Structure-Based Stabilization of HIV-1 gp120 Enhances Humoral Immune Responses to the Induced Co-Receptor Binding Site. PLoS Pathog, 5(5):e1000445, May 2009. PubMed ID: 19478876. Show all entries for this paper.

Ding2015 Shilei Ding, Maxime Veillette, Mathieu Coutu, Jérémie Prévost, Louise Scharf, Pamela J. Bjorkman, Guido Ferrari, James E. Robinson, Christina Stürzel, Beatrice H. Hahn, Daniel Sauter, Frank Kirchhoff, George K. Lewis, Marzena Pazgier, and Andrés Finzi. A Highly Conserved Residue of the HIV-1 gp120 Inner Domain Is Important for Antibody-Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity Responses Mediated by Anti-cluster A Antibodies. J. Virol., 90(4):2127-2134, Feb 2016. PubMed ID: 26637462. Show all entries for this paper.

Ditzel1997 H. J. Ditzel, P. W. Parren, J. M. Binley, J. Sodroski, J. P. Moore, C. F. Barbas, III, and D. R. Burton. Mapping the Protein Surface of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Using Human Monoclonal Antibodies from Phage Display Libraries. J. Mol. Biol., 267:684-695, 1997. (Genbank: U82767 U82768 U82769 U82770 U82771 U82772 U82942 U82943 U82944 U82945 U82946 U82947 U82948 U82949 U82950 U82951 U82952 U82961 U82962) Recombinant monoclonal antibodies from phage display libraries provide a method for Env surface epitope mapping. Diverse epitopes are accessed by presenting gp120 to the library in different forms, such as sequential masking of epitopes with existing MAbs or sCD4 prior to selection or by selection on peptides. Fabs identified by these methods have specificities associated with epitopes presented poorly on native multimeric envelope. PubMed ID: 9126846. Show all entries for this paper.

Dorfman2006 Tatyana Dorfman, Michael J. Moore, Alexander C. Guth, Hyeryun Choe, and Michael Farzan. A Tyrosine-Sulfated Peptide Derived from the Heavy-Chain CDR3 Region of an HIV-1-Neutralizing Antibody Binds gp120 and Inhibits HIV-1 Infection. J. Biol. Chem., 281(39):28529-28535, 29 Sep 2006. PubMed ID: 16849323. Show all entries for this paper.

Douagi2010 Iyadh Douagi, Mattias N. E. Forsell, Christopher Sundling, Sijy O'Dell, Yu Feng, Pia Dosenovic, Yuxing Li, Robert Seder, Karin Loré, John R. Mascola, Richard T. Wyatt, and Gunilla B. Karlsson Hedestam. Influence of Novel CD4 Binding-Defective HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Immunogens on Neutralizing Antibody and T-Cell Responses in Nonhuman Primates. J. Virol., 84(4):1683-1695, Feb 2010. PubMed ID: 19955308. Show all entries for this paper.

Dowd2002 Cynthia S. Dowd, Stephanie Leavitt, Gregory Babcock, Alexis P. Godillot, Don Van Ryk, Gabriela A. Canziani, Joseph Sodroski, Ernesto Freire, and Irwin M. Chaiken. Beta-Turn Phe in HIV-1 Env Binding Site of CD4 and CD4 Mimetic Miniprotein Enhances Env Binding Affinity but Is Not Required for Activation of Co-Receptor/17b Site. Biochemistry, 41(22):7038-7046, 4 Jun 2002. PubMed ID: 12033937. Show all entries for this paper.

Dunfee2007 Rebecca L. Dunfee, Elaine R. Thomas, Jianbin Wang, Kevin Kunstman, Steven M. Wolinsky, and Dana Gabuzda. Loss of the N-Linked Glycosylation Site at Position 386 in the HIV Envelope V4 Region Enhances Macrophage Tropism and Is Associated with Dementia. Virology, 367(1):222-234, 10 Oct 2007. PubMed ID: 17599380. Show all entries for this paper.

EdwardsBH2002 Bradley H. Edwards, Anju Bansal, Steffanie Sabbaj, Janna Bakari, Mark J. Mulligan, and Paul A. Goepfert. Magnitude of Functional CD8+ T-Cell Responses to the Gag Protein of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Correlates Inversely with Viral Load in Plasma. J. Virol., 76(5):2298-2305, Mar 2002. PubMed ID: 11836408. Show all entries for this paper.

Enshell-Seijffers2003 David Enshell-Seijffers, Dmitri Denisov, Bella Groisman, Larisa Smelyanski, Ronit Meyuhas, Gideon Gross, Galina Denisova, and Jonathan M. Gershoni. The Mapping and Reconstitution of a Conformational Discontinuous B-Cell Epitope of HIV-1. J. Mol. Biol., 334(1):87-101, 14 Nov 2003. PubMed ID: 14596802. Show all entries for this paper.

Falkowska2012 Emilia Falkowska, Alejandra Ramos, Yu Feng, Tongqing Zhou, Stephanie Moquin, Laura M. Walker, Xueling Wu, Michael S. Seaman, Terri Wrin, Peter D. Kwong, Richard T. Wyatt, John R. Mascola, Pascal Poignard, and Dennis R. Burton. PGV04, an HIV-1 gp120 CD4 Binding Site Antibody, Is Broad and Potent in Neutralization but Does Not Induce Conformational Changes Characteristic of CD4. J. Virol., 86(8):4394-4403, Apr 2012. PubMed ID: 22345481. Show all entries for this paper.

Feng2012 Yu Feng, Krisha McKee, Karen Tran, Sijy O'Dell, Stephen D. Schmidt, Adhuna Phogat, Mattias N. Forsell, Gunilla B. Karlsson Hedestam, John R. Mascola, and Richard T. Wyatt. Biochemically Defined HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Variant Immunogens Display Differential Binding and Neutralizing Specificities to the CD4-Binding Site. J. Biol. Chem., 287(8):5673-5686, 17 Feb 2012. PubMed ID: 22167180. Show all entries for this paper.

Ferrari2011a Guido Ferrari, Justin Pollara, Daniel Kozink, Tiara Harms, Mark Drinker, Stephanie Freel, M. Anthony Moody, S. Munir Alam, Georgia D. Tomaras, Christina Ochsenbauer, John C. Kappes, George M. Shaw, James A. Hoxie, James E. Robinson, and Barton F. Haynes. An HIV-1 gp120 Envelope Human Monoclonal Antibody That Recognizes a C1 Conformational Epitope Mediates Potent Antibody-Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity (ADCC) Activity and Defines a Common ADCC Epitope in Human HIV-1 Serum. J. Virol., 85(14):7029-7036, Jul 2011. PubMed ID: 21543485. Show all entries for this paper.

Finnegan2001 Catherine M. Finnegan, Werner Berg, George K. Lewis, and Anthony L. DeVico. Antigenic Properties of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Envelope during Cell-Cell Fusion. J. Virol., 75(22):11096-11105, Nov 2001. PubMed ID: 11602749. Show all entries for this paper.

Finnegan2002 Catherine M. Finnegan, Werner Berg, George K. Lewis, and Anthony L. DeVico. Antigenic Properties of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transmembrane Glycoprotein during Cell-Cell Fusion. J. Virol., 76(23):12123-12134, Dec 2002. PubMed ID: 12414953. Show all entries for this paper.

Finzi2010 Andrés Finzi, Beatriz Pacheco, Xin Zeng, Young Do Kwon, Peter D. Kwong, and Joseph Sodroski. Conformational Characterization of Aberrant Disulfide-Linked HIV-1 gp120 Dimers Secreted from Overexpressing Cells. J Virol Methods, 168(1-2):155-161, Sep 2010. PubMed ID: 20471426. Show all entries for this paper.

Forsell2008 Mattias N. E. Forsell, Barna Dey, Andreas Mörner, Krisha Svehla, Sijy O'dell, Carl-Magnus Högerkorp, Gerald Voss, Rigmor Thorstensson, George M. Shaw, John R. Mascola, Gunilla B. Karlsson Hedestam, and Richard T. Wyatt. B Cell Recognition of the Conserved HIV-1 Co-Receptor Binding Site Is Altered by Endogenous Primate CD4. PLoS Pathog., 4(10):e1000171, 2008. PubMed ID: 18833294. Show all entries for this paper.

Forsman2008 Anna Forsman, Els Beirnaert, Marlén M. I. Aasa-Chapman, Bart Hoorelbeke, Karolin Hijazi, Willie Koh, Vanessa Tack, Agnieszka Szynol, Charles Kelly, Áine McKnight, Theo Verrips, Hans de Haard, and Robin A Weiss. Llama Antibody Fragments with Cross-Subtype Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1)-Neutralizing Properties and High Affinity for HIV-1 gp120. J. Virol., 82(24):12069-12081, Dec 2008. PubMed ID: 18842738. Show all entries for this paper.

Fouda2013 Genevieve G. Fouda, Tatenda Mahlokozera, Jesus F. Salazar-Gonzalez, Maria G. Salazar, Gerald Learn, Surender B. Kumar, S. Moses Dennison, Elizabeth Russell, Katherine Rizzolo, Frederick Jaeger, Fangping Cai, Nathan A. Vandergrift, Feng Gao, Beatrice Hahn, George M. Shaw, Christina Ochsenbauer, Ronald Swanstrom, Steve Meshnick, Victor Mwapasa, Linda Kalilani, Susan Fiscus, David Montefiori, Barton Haynes, Jesse Kwiek, S. Munir Alam, and Sallie R. Permar. Postnatally-Transmitted HIV-1 Envelope Variants Have Similar Neutralization-Sensitivity and Function to That of Nontransmitted Breast Milk Variants. Retrovirology, 10:3, 2013. PubMed ID: 23305422. Show all entries for this paper.

Fouts1997 T. R. Fouts, J. M. Binley, A. Trkola, J. E. Robinson, and J. P. Moore. Neutralization of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolate JR-FL by Human Monoclonal Antibodies Correlates with Antibody Binding to the Oligomeric Form of the Envelope Glycoprotein Complex. J. Virol., 71:2779-2785, 1997. To test whether antibody neutralization of HIV-1 primary isolates is correlated with the affinities for the oligomeric envelope glycoproteins, JRFL was used as a model primary virus and a panel of 13 human MAbs were evaluated for: half-maximal binding to rec monomeric JRFL gp120; half-maximal binding to oligomeric - JRFL Env expressed on the surface of transfected 293 cells; and neutralization of JRFL in a PBMC-based neutralization assay. Antibody affinity for oligomeric JRFL Env but not monomeric JRFL gp120 correlated with JRFL neutralization. PubMed ID: 9060632. Show all entries for this paper.

Frey2008 Gary Frey, Hanqin Peng, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Marco Morelli, Yifan Cheng, and Bing Chen. A Fusion-Intermediate State of HIV-1 gp41 Targeted by Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 105(10):3739-3744, 11 Mar 2008. PubMed ID: 18322015. Show all entries for this paper.

Fu2018 Qingshan Fu, Md Munan Shaik, Yongfei Cai, Fadi Ghantous, Alessandro Piai, Hanqin Peng, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Zhijun Liu, Stephen C. Harrison, Michael S. Seaman, Bing Chen, and James J. Chou. Structure of the Membrane Proximal External Region of HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 115(38):E8892-E8899, 18 Sep 2018. PubMed ID: 30185554. Show all entries for this paper.

Gach2013 Johannes S. Gach, Heribert Quendler, Tommy Tong, Kristin M. Narayan, Sean X. Du, Robert G. Whalen, James M. Binley, Donald N. Forthal, Pascal Poignard, and Michael B. Zwick. A Human Antibody to the CD4 Binding Site of gp120 Capable of Highly Potent but Sporadic Cross Clade Neutralization of Primary HIV-1. PLoS One, 8(8):e72054, 2013. PubMed ID: 23991039. Show all entries for this paper.

Gach2014 Johannes S. Gach, Chad J. Achenbach, Veronika Chromikova, Baiba Berzins, Nina Lambert, Gary Landucci, Donald N. Forthal, Christine Katlama, Barbara H. Jung, and Robert L. Murphy. HIV-1 Specific Antibody Titers and Neutralization among Chronically Infected Patients on Long-Term Suppressive Antiretroviral Therapy (ART): A Cross-Sectional Study. PLoS One, 9(1):e85371, 2014. PubMed ID: 24454852. Show all entries for this paper.

Gao2005a Feng Gao, Eric A. Weaver, Zhongjing Lu, Yingying Li, Hua-Xin Liao, Benjiang Ma, S Munir Alam, Richard M. Scearce, Laura L. Sutherland, Jae-Sung Yu, Julie M. Decker, George M. Shaw, David C. Montefiori, Bette T. Korber, Beatrice H. Hahn, and Barton F. Haynes. Antigenicity and Immunogenicity of a Synthetic Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Group M Consensus Envelope Glycoprotein. J. Virol., 79(2):1154-1163, Jan 2005. PubMed ID: 15613343. Show all entries for this paper.

Gao2007 Feng Gao, Hua-Xin Liao, Beatrice H. Hahn, Norman L. Letvin, Bette T. Korber, and Barton F. Haynes. Centralized HIV-1 Envelope Immunogens and Neutralizing Antibodies. Curr. HIV Res., 5(6):572-577, Nov 2007. PubMed ID: 18045113. Show all entries for this paper.

Gao2009 Feng Gao, Richard M. Scearce, S. Munir Alam, Bhavna Hora, Shimao Xia, Julie E. Hohm, Robert J. Parks, Damon F. Ogburn, Georgia D. Tomaras, Emily Park, Woodrow E. Lomas, Vernon C. Maino, Susan A. Fiscus, Myron S. Cohen, M. Anthony Moody, Beatrice H. Hahn, Bette T. Korber, Hua-Xin Liao, and Barton F. Haynes. Cross-reactive Monoclonal Antibodies to Multiple HIV-1 Subtype and SIVcpz Envelope Glycoproteins. Virology, 394(1):91-98, 10 Nov 2009. PubMed ID: 19744690. Show all entries for this paper.

GoldingH2002 Hana Golding, Marina Zaitseva, Eve de Rosny, Lisa R. King, Jody Manischewitz, Igor Sidorov, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Dimiter S. Dimitrov, and Carol D. Weiss. Dissection of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Entry with Neutralizing Antibodies to gp41 Fusion Intermediates. J. Virol., 76(13):6780-6790, Jul 2002. PubMed ID: 12050391. Show all entries for this paper.

Gonzalez2010 Nuria Gonzalez, Amparo Alvarez, and Jose Alcami. Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies and their Significance for HIV-1 Vaccines. Curr. HIV Res., 8(8):602-612, Dec 2010. PubMed ID: 21054253. Show all entries for this paper.

Gopi2008 Hosahudya Gopi, M. Umashankara, Vanessa Pirrone, Judith LaLonde, Navid Madani, Ferit Tuzer, Sabine Baxter, Isaac Zentner, Simon Cocklin, Navneet Jawanda, Shendra R. Miller, Arne Schön, Jeffrey C. Klein, Ernesto Freire, Fred C. Krebs, Amos B. Smith, Joseph Sodroski, and Irwin Chaiken. Structural Determinants for Affinity Enhancement of a Dual Antagonist Peptide Entry Inhibitor of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type-1. J. Med. Chem., 51(9):2638-2647, 8 May 2008. PubMed ID: 18402432. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2009 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Bradley Witover, Sherri Burda, Mateusz Urbanski, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Arthur Nadas. Preferential Use of the VH5-51 Gene Segment by the Human Immune Response to Code for Antibodies against the V3 Domain of HIV-1. Mol. Immunol., 46(5):917-926, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 18952295. Show all entries for this paper.

Grovit-Ferbas2000 K. Grovit-Ferbas, J. F. Hsu, J. Ferbas, V. Gudeman, and I. S. Chen. Enhanced binding of antibodies to neutralization epitopes following thermal and chemical inactivation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J. Virol., 74(13):5802-9, Jul 2000. URL: PubMed ID: 10846059. Show all entries for this paper.

Grundner2002 Christoph Grundner, Tajib Mirzabekov, Joseph Sodroski, and Richard Wyatt. Solid-Phase Proteoliposomes Containing Human Immunodeficiency Virus Envelope Glycoproteins. J. Virol., 76(7):3511-3521, Apr 2002. PubMed ID: 11884575. Show all entries for this paper.

Guan2013 Yongjun Guan, Marzena Pazgier, Mohammad M. Sajadi, Roberta Kamin-Lewis, Salma Al-Darmarki, Robin Flinko, Elena Lovo, Xueji Wu, James E. Robinson, Michael S. Seaman, Timothy R. Fouts, Robert C. Gallo, Anthony L. DeVico, and George K. Lewis. Diverse Specificity and Effector Function Among Human Antibodies to HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Epitopes Exposed by CD4 Binding. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 110(1):E69-E78, 2 Jan 2013. PubMed ID: 23237851. Show all entries for this paper.

Haim2011 Hillel Haim, Bettina Strack, Aemro Kassa, Navid Madani, Liping Wang, Joel R. Courter, Amy Princiotto, Kathleen McGee, Beatriz Pacheco, Michael S. Seaman, Amos B. Smith, 3rd., and Joseph Sodroski. Contribution of Intrinsic Reactivity of the HIV-1 Envelope Glycoproteins to CD4-Independent Infection and Global Inhibitor Sensitivity. PLoS Pathog., 7(6):e1002101, Jun 2011. PubMed ID: 21731494. Show all entries for this paper.

Haynes2005 Barton F. Haynes, Judith Fleming, E. William St. Clair, Herman Katinger, Gabriela Stiegler, Renate Kunert, James Robinson, Richard M. Scearce, Kelly Plonk, Herman F. Staats, Thomas L. Ortel, Hua-Xin Liao, and S. Munir Alam. Cardiolipin Polyspecific Autoreactivity in Two Broadly Neutralizing HIV-1 Antibodies. Science, 308(5730):1906-1908, 24 Jun 2005. Comment in Science 2005 Jun 24;308(5730):1878-9. PubMed ID: 15860590. Show all entries for this paper.

Haynes2010 Barton F. Haynes, Nathan I. Nicely, and S. Munir Alam. HIV-1 Autoreactive Antibodies: Are They Good or Bad for HIV-1 Prevention? Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol., 17(5):543-545, May 2010. PubMed ID: 20442740. Show all entries for this paper.

He2003 Yuxian He, Paul D'Agostino, and Abraham Pinter. Analysis of the Immunogenic Properties of a Single-Chain Polypeptide Analogue of the HIV-1 gp120-CD4 Complex in Transgenic Mice That Produce Human Immunoglobulins. Vaccine, 21(27-30):4421-4429, 1 Oct 2003. PubMed ID: 14505925. Show all entries for this paper.

Hicar2010 Mark D. Hicar, Xuemin Chen, Bryan Briney, Jason Hammonds, Jaang-Jiun Wang, Spyros Kalams, Paul W. Spearman, and James E. Crowe, Jr. Pseudovirion Particles Bearing Native HIV Envelope Trimers Facilitate a Novel Method for Generating Human Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibodies Against HIV. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr., 54(3):223-235, Jul 2010. PubMed ID: 20531016. Show all entries for this paper.

Hoffman1999 T. L. Hoffman, C. C. LaBranche, W. Zhang, G. Canziani, J. Robinson, I. Chaiken, J. A. Hoxie, and R. W. Doms. Stable exposure of the coreceptor-binding site in a CD4-independent HIV-1 envelope protein. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 96(11):6359--64, 25 May 1999. URL: PubMed ID: 10339592. Show all entries for this paper.

Hogan2018 Michael J. Hogan, Angela Conde-Motter, Andrea P. O. Jordan, Lifei Yang, Brad Cleveland, Wenjin Guo, Josephine Romano, Houping Ni, Norbert Pardi, Celia C. LaBranche, David C. Montefiori, Shiu-Lok Hu, James A. Hoxie, and Drew Weissman. Increased Surface Expression of HIV-1 Envelope Is Associated with Improved Antibody Response in Vaccinia Prime/Protein Boost Immunization. Virology, 514:106-117, 15 Jan 2018. PubMed ID: 29175625. Show all entries for this paper.

Holl2006 Vincent Holl, Maryse Peressin, Thomas Decoville, Sylvie Schmidt, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Anne-Marie Aubertin, and Christiane Moog. Nonneutralizing Antibodies Are Able To Inhibit Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication in Macrophages and Immature Dendritic Cells. J. Virol., 80(12):6177-6181, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16731957. Show all entries for this paper.

Hu2007 Qinxue Hu, Naheed Mahmood, and Robin J. Shattock. High-Mannose-Specific Deglycosylation of HIV-1 gp120 Induced by Resistance to Cyanovirin-N and the Impact on Antibody Neutralization. Virology, 368(1):145-154, 10 Nov 2007. PubMed ID: 17658575. Show all entries for this paper.

Huang2005 Chih-chin Huang, Min Tang, Mei-Yun Zhang, Shahzad Majeed, Elizabeth Montabana, Robyn L. Stanfield, Dimiter S. Dimitrov, Bette Korber, Joseph Sodroski, Ian A. Wilson, Richard Wyatt, and Peter D. Kwong. Structure of a V3-Containing HIV-1 gp120 Core. Science, 310(5750):1025-1028, 11 Nov 2005. PubMed ID: 16284180. Show all entries for this paper.

Huang2007 Li Huang, Weihong Lai, Phong Ho, and Chin Ho Chen. Induction of a Nonproductive Conformational Change in gp120 by a Small Molecule HIV Type 1 Entry Inhibitor. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 23(1):28-32, Jan 2007. PubMed ID: 17263629. Show all entries for this paper.

Huang2012 Xin Huang, Wei Jin, Kai Hu, Sukun Luo, Tao Du, George E. Griffin, Robin J. Shattock, and Qinxue Hu. Highly Conserved HIV-1 gp120 Glycans Proximal to CD4-Binding Region Affect Viral Infectivity and Neutralizing Antibody Induction. Virology, 423(1):97-106, 5 Feb 2012. PubMed ID: 22192629. Show all entries for this paper.

Jeffries2016 T. L. Jeffries, Jr., C. R. Sacha, J. Pollara, J. Himes, F. H. Jaeger, S. M. Dennison, E. McGuire, E. Kunz, J. A. Eudailey, A. M. Trama, C. LaBranche, G. G. Fouda, K. Wiehe, D. C. Montefiori, B. F. Haynes, H.-X. Liao, G. Ferrari, S. M. Alam, M. A. Moody, and S. R. Permar. The Function and Affinity Maturation of HIV-1 gp120-Specific Monoclonal Antibodies Derived from Colostral B Cells. Mucosal. Immunol., 9(2):414-427, Mar 2016. PubMed ID: 26242599. Show all entries for this paper.

Johnson2017 Jacklyn Johnson, Yinjie Zhai, Hamid Salimi, Nicole Espy, Noah Eichelberger, Orlando DeLeon, Yunxia O'Malley, Joel Courter, Amos B. Smith, III, Navid Madani, Joseph Sodroski, and Hillel Haim. Induction of a Tier-1-Like Phenotype in Diverse Tier-2 Isolates by Agents That Guide HIV-1 Env to Perturbation-Sensitive, Nonnative States. J. Virol., 91(15), 1 Aug 2017. PubMed ID: 28490588. Show all entries for this paper.

Joubert2010 Marisa K. Joubert, Nichole Kinsley, Alexio Capovilla, B. Trevor Sewell, Mohamed A. Jaffer, and Makobetsa Khati. A Modeled Structure of an Aptamer-gp120 Complex Provides Insight into the Mechanism of HIV-1 Neutralization. Biochemistry, 49(28):5880-5890, 20 Jul 2010. PubMed ID: 20527993. Show all entries for this paper.

Joyner2011 Amanda S. Joyner, Jordan R. Willis, James E.. Crowe, Jr., and Christopher Aiken. Maturation-Induced Cloaking of Neutralization Epitopes on HIV-1 Particles. PLoS Pathog., 7(9):e1002234, Sep 2011. PubMed ID: 21931551. Show all entries for this paper.

Julien2015 Jean-Philippe Julien, Jeong Hyun Lee, Gabriel Ozorowski, Yuanzi Hua, Alba Torrents de la Peña, Steven W. de Taeye, Travis Nieusma, Albert Cupo, Anila Yasmeen, Michael Golabek, Pavel Pugach, P. J. Klasse, John P. Moore, Rogier W. Sanders, Andrew B. Ward, and Ian A. Wilson. Design and Structure of Two HIV-1 Clade C SOSIP.664 Trimers That Increase the Arsenal of Native-Like Env Immunogens. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 112(38):11947-11952, 22 Sep 2015. PubMed ID: 26372963. Show all entries for this paper.

Kalia2005 Vandana Kalia, Surojit Sarkar, Phalguni Gupta, and Ronald C. Montelaro. Antibody Neutralization Escape Mediated by Point Mutations in the Intracytoplasmic Tail of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp41. J. Virol., 79(4):2097-2107, Feb 2005. PubMed ID: 15681412. Show all entries for this paper.

Kang2005 Sang-Moo Kang, Fu Shi Quan, Chunzi Huang, Lizheng Guo, Ling Ye, Chinglai Yang, and Richard W. Compans. Modified HIV Envelope Proteins with Enhanced Binding to Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibodies. Virology, 331(1):20-32, 5 Jan 2005. PubMed ID: 15582650. Show all entries for this paper.

Kang2009 Yun Kenneth Kang, Sofija Andjelic, James M. Binley, Emma T. Crooks, Michael Franti, Sai Prasad N. Iyer, Gerald P. Donovan, Antu K. Dey, Ping Zhu, Kenneth H. Roux, Robert J. Durso, Thomas F. Parsons, Paul J. Maddon, John P. Moore, and William C. Olson. Structural and Immunogenicity Studies of a Cleaved, Stabilized Envelope Trimer Derived from Subtype A HIV-1. Vaccine, 27(37):5120-5132, 13 Aug 2009. PubMed ID: 19567243. Show all entries for this paper.

Keele2008 Brandon F. Keele, Elena E. Giorgi, Jesus F. Salazar-Gonzalez, Julie M. Decker, Kimmy T. Pham, Maria G. Salazar, Chuanxi Sun, Truman Grayson, Shuyi Wang, Hui Li, Xiping Wei, Chunlai Jiang, Jennifer L. Kirchherr, Feng Gao, Jeffery A. Anderson, Li-Hua Ping, Ronald Swanstrom, Georgia D. Tomaras, William A. Blattner, Paul A. Goepfert, J. Michael Kilby, Michael S. Saag, Eric L. Delwart, Michael P. Busch, Myron S. Cohen, David C. Montefiori, Barton F. Haynes, Brian Gaschen, Gayathri S. Athreya, Ha Y. Lee, Natasha Wood, Cathal Seoighe, Alan S. Perelson, Tanmoy Bhattacharya, Bette T. Korber, Beatrice H. Hahn, and George M. Shaw. Identification and Characterization of Transmitted and Early Founder Virus Envelopes in Primary HIV-1 Infection. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 105(21):7552-7557, 27 May 2008. PubMed ID: 18490657. Show all entries for this paper.

Klein2013 Florian Klein, Ron Diskin, Johannes F. Scheid, Christian Gaebler, Hugo Mouquet, Ivelin S. Georgiev, Marie Pancera, Tongqing Zhou, Reha-Baris Incesu, Brooks Zhongzheng Fu, Priyanthi N. P. Gnanapragasam, Thiago Y. Oliveira, Michael S. Seaman, Peter D. Kwong, Pamela J. Bjorkman, and Michel C. Nussenzweig. Somatic Mutations of the Immunoglobulin Framework Are Generally Required for Broad and Potent HIV-1 Neutralization. Cell, 153(1):126-138, 28 Mar 2013. PubMed ID: 23540694. Show all entries for this paper.

Koefoed2005 Klaus Koefoed, Lauge Farnaes, Meng Wang, Arne Svejgaard, Dennis R. Burton, and Henrik J. Ditzel. Molecular Characterization of the Circulating Anti-HIV-1 gp120-Specific B Cell Repertoire using Antibody Phage Display Libraries Generated from Pre-Selected HIV-1 gp120 Binding PBLs. J. Immunol. Methods, 297(1-2):187-201, Feb 2005. PubMed ID: 15777942. Show all entries for this paper.

Kolchinsky2001 P. Kolchinsky, E. Kiprilov, P. Bartley, R. Rubinstein, and J. Sodroski. Loss of a single N-linked glycan allows CD4-independent human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection by altering the position of the gp120 V1/V2 variable loops. J. Virol., 75(7):3435--43, Apr 2001. URL: PubMed ID: 11238869. Show all entries for this paper.

Korber2009 Bette Korber and S. Gnanakaran. The Implications of Patterns in HIV Diversity for Neutralizing Antibody Induction and Susceptibility. Curr. Opin. HIV AIDS, 4(5):408-417, Sep 2009. PubMed ID: 20048705. Show all entries for this paper.

Korkut2012 Anil Korkut and Wayne A. Hendrickson. Structural Plasticity and Conformational Transitions of HIV Envelope Glycoprotein gp120. PLoS One, 7(12):e52170, 2012. PubMed ID: 23300605. Show all entries for this paper.

Kothe2007 Denise L. Kothe, Julie M Decker, Yingying Li, Zhiping Weng, Frederic Bibollet-Ruche, Kenneth P. Zammit, Maria G. Salazar, Yalu Chen, Jesus F. Salazar-Gonzalez, Zina Moldoveanu, Jiri Mestecky, Feng Gao, Barton F. Haynes, George M. Shaw, Mark Muldoon, Bette T. M. Korber, and Beatrice H. Hahn. Antigenicity and Immunogenicity of HIV-1 Consensus Subtype B Envelope Glycoproteins. Virology, 360(1):218-234, 30 Mar 2007. PubMed ID: 17097711. Show all entries for this paper.

Kovacs2012 James M. Kovacs, Joseph P. Nkolola, Hanqin Peng, Ann Cheung, James Perry, Caroline A. Miller, Michael S. Seaman, Dan H. Barouch, and Bing Chen. HIV-1 Envelope Trimer Elicits More Potent Neutralizing Antibody Responses than Monomeric gp120. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 109(30):12111-12116, 24 Jul 2012. PubMed ID: 22773820. Show all entries for this paper.

Kramer2007 Victor G. Kramer, Nagadenahalli B. Siddappa, and Ruth M. Ruprecht. Passive Immunization as Tool to Identify Protective HIV-1 Env Epitopes. Curr. HIV Res., 5(6):642-55, Nov 2007. PubMed ID: 18045119. Show all entries for this paper.

Kwon2012 Young Do Kwon, Andrés Finzi, Xueling Wu, Cajetan Dogo-Isonagie, Lawrence K. Lee, Lucas R. Moore, Stephen D. Schmidt, Jonathan Stuckey, Yongping Yang, Tongqing Zhou, Jiang Zhu, David A. Vicic, Asim K. Debnath, Lawrence Shapiro, Carole A. Bewley, John R. Mascola, Joseph G. Sodroski, and Peter D. Kwong. Unliganded HIV-1 gp120 Core Structures Assume the CD4-Bound Conformation with Regulation by Quaternary Interactions and Variable Loops. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 109(15):5663-5668, 10 Apr 2012. PubMed ID: 22451932. Show all entries for this paper.

Kwong1998 P. D. Kwong, R. Wyatt, J. Robinson, R. W. Sweet, J. Sodroski, and W. A. Hendrickson. Structure of an HIV gp120 Envelope Glycoprotein in Complex with the CD4 Receptor and a Neutralizing Human Antibody. Nature, 393:648-659, 1998. Comment in Nature 1998 Jun 18;393(6686):630-1. The X-ray crystal structure was solved at 2.5 A resolution of HIV-1 gp120 core complexed with human CD4 and the antigen-binding fragment of a neutralizing antibody that blocks chemokine-receptor binding. PubMed ID: 9641677. Show all entries for this paper.

Kwong2002 Peter D. Kwong, Michael L. Doyle, David J. Casper, Claudia Cicala, Stephanie A. Leavitt, Shahzad Majeed, Tavis D. Steenbeke, Miro Venturi, Irwin Chaiken, Michael Fung, Hermann Katinger, Paul W. I. H. Parren, James Robinson, Donald Van Ryk, Liping Wang, Dennis R. Burton, Ernesto Freire, Richard Wyatt, Joseph Sodroski, Wayne A. Hendrickson, and James Arthos. HIV-1 Evades Antibody-Mediated Neutralization through Conformational Masking of Receptor-Binding Sites. Nature, 420(6916):678-682, 12 Dec 2002. Comment in Nature. 2002 Dec 12;420(6916):623-4. PubMed ID: 12478295. Show all entries for this paper.

Laakso2007 Meg M. Laakso, Fang-Hua Lee, Beth Haggarty, Caroline Agrawal, Katrina M. Nolan, Mark Biscone, Josephine Romano, Andrea P. O. Jordan, George J. Leslie, Eric G. Meissner, Lishan Su, James A. Hoxie, and Robert W. Doms. V3 Loop Truncations in HIV-1 Envelope Impart Resistance to Coreceptor Inhibitors and Enhanced Sensitivity to Neutralizing Antibodies. PLoS Pathog., 3(8):e117, 24 Aug 2007. PubMed ID: 17722977. Show all entries for this paper.

Labrijn2003 Aran F. Labrijn, Pascal Poignard, Aarti Raja, Michael B. Zwick, Karla Delgado, Michael Franti, James Binley, Veronique Vivona, Christoph Grundner, Chih-Chin Huang, Miro Venturi, Christos J. Petropoulos, Terri Wrin, Dimiter S. Dimitrov, James Robinson, Peter D. Kwong, Richard T. Wyatt, Joseph Sodroski, and Dennis R. Burton. Access of Antibody Molecules to the Conserved Coreceptor Binding Site on Glycoprotein gp120 Is Sterically Restricted on Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. J. Virol., 77(19):10557-10565, Oct 2003. PubMed ID: 12970440. Show all entries for this paper.

Lagenaur2010 Laurel A. Lagenaur, Vadim A. Villarroel, Virgilio Bundoc, Barna Dey, and Edward A. Berger. sCD4-17b Bifunctional Protein: Extremely Broad and Potent Neutralization of HIV-1 Env Pseudotyped Viruses from Genetically Diverse Primary Isolates. Retrovirology, 7:11, 2010. PubMed ID: 20158904. Show all entries for this paper.

Lai2012 Rachel P. J. Lai, Michael S. Seaman, Paul Tonks, Frank Wegmann, David J. Seilly, Simon D. W. Frost, Celia C. LaBranche, David C. Montefiori, Antu K. Dey, Indresh K. Srivastava, Quentin Sattentau, Susan W. Barnett, and Jonathan L. Heeney. Mixed Adjuvant Formulations Reveal a New Combination That Elicit Antibody Response Comparable to Freund's Adjuvants. PLoS One, 7(4):e35083, 2012. PubMed ID: 22509385. Show all entries for this paper.

LaLonde2012 Judith M. LaLonde, Young Do Kwon, David M. Jones, Alexander W. Sun, Joel R. Courter, Takahiro Soeta, Toyoharu Kobayashi, Amy M. Princiotto, Xueling Wu, Arne Schön, Ernesto Freire, Peter D. Kwong, John R. Mascola, Joseph Sodroski, Navid Madani, and Amos B. Smith, 3rd. Structure-Based Design, Synthesis, and Characterization of Dual Hotspot Small-Molecule HIV-1 Entry Inhibitors. J. Med. Chem., 55(9):4382-4396, 10 May 2012. PubMed ID: 22497421. Show all entries for this paper.

Lam2006 Yee Lam, Nehal I. Abu-Lail, Munir S. Alam, and Stefan Zauscher. Using Microcantilever Deflection to Detect HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein gp120. Nanomedicine, 2(4):222-229, Dec 2006. PubMed ID: 17292147. Show all entries for this paper.

Lavine2012 Christy L. Lavine, Socheata Lao, David C. Montefiori, Barton F. Haynes, Joseph G. Sodroski, Xinzhen Yang, and NIAID Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology (CHAVI). High-Mannose Glycan-Dependent Epitopes Are Frequently Targeted in Broad Neutralizing Antibody Responses during Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection. J. Virol., 86(4):2153-2164, Feb 2012. PubMed ID: 22156525. Show all entries for this paper.

Leaman2010 Daniel P. Leaman, Heather Kinkead, and Michael B. Zwick. In-Solution Virus Capture Assay Helps Deconstruct Heterogeneous Antibody Recognition of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. J. Virol., 84(7):3382-3395, Apr 2010. PubMed ID: 20089658. Show all entries for this paper.

Li1997 A. Li, T. W. Baba, J. Sodroski, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, J. Robinson, M. R. Posner, H. Katinger, C. F. Barbas III, D. R. Burton, T.-C. Chou, and R. M Ruprecht. Synergistic Neutralization of a Chimeric SIV/HIV Type 1 Virus with Combinations of Human Anti-HIV Type 1 Envelope Monoclonal Antibodies or Hyperimmune Globulins. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 13:647-656, 1997. Multiple combinations of MAbs were tested for their ability to synergize neutralization of a SHIV construct containing HIV IIIB env. All of the MAb combinations tried were synergistic, suggesting such combinations may be useful for passive immunotherapy or immunoprophylaxis. Because SHIV can replicate in rhesus macaques, such approaches can potentially be studied in an it in vivo monkey model. PubMed ID: 9168233. Show all entries for this paper.

Li2009c Yuxing Li, Krisha Svehla, Mark K. Louder, Diane Wycuff, Sanjay Phogat, Min Tang, Stephen A. Migueles, Xueling Wu, Adhuna Phogat, George M. Shaw, Mark Connors, James Hoxie, John R. Mascola, and Richard Wyatt. Analysis of Neutralization Specificities in Polyclonal Sera Derived from Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1-Infected Individuals. J Virol, 83(2):1045-1059, Jan 2009. PubMed ID: 19004942. Show all entries for this paper.

Li2012 Yuxing Li, Sijy O'Dell, Richard Wilson, Xueling Wu, Stephen D. Schmidt, Carl-Magnus Hogerkorp, Mark K. Louder, Nancy S. Longo, Christian Poulsen, Javier Guenaga, Bimal K. Chakrabarti, Nicole Doria-Rose, Mario Roederer, Mark Connors, John R. Mascola, and Richard T. Wyatt. HIV-1 Neutralizing Antibodies Display Dual Recognition of the Primary and Coreceptor Binding Sites and Preferential Binding to Fully Cleaved Envelope Glycoproteins. J. Virol., 86(20):11231-11241, Oct 2012. PubMed ID: 22875963. Show all entries for this paper.

Liang2016 Yu Liang, Miklos Guttman, James A. Williams, Hans Verkerke, Daniel Alvarado, Shiu-Lok Hu, and Kelly K. Lee. Changes in Structure and Antigenicity of HIV-1 Env Trimers Resulting from Removal of a Conserved CD4 Binding Site-Proximal Glycan. J. Virol., 90(20):9224-9236, 15 Oct 2016. PubMed ID: 27489265. Show all entries for this paper.

Liao2004 Hua-Xin Liao, S Munir Alam, John R. Mascola, James Robinson, Benjiang Ma, David C. Montefiori, Maria Rhein, Laura L. Sutherland, Richard Scearce, and Barton F. Haynes. Immunogenicity of Constrained Monoclonal Antibody A32-Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Env gp120 Complexes Compared to That of Recombinant HIV Type 1 gp120 Envelope Glycoproteins. J. Virol., 78(10):5270-5278, May 2004. PubMed ID: 15113908. Show all entries for this paper.

Liao2006 Hua-Xin Liao, Laura L. Sutherland, Shi-Mao Xia, Mary E. Brock, Richard M. Scearce, Stacie Vanleeuwen, S. Munir Alam, Mildred McAdams, Eric A. Weaver, Zenaido Camacho, Ben-Jiang Ma, Yingying Li, Julie M. Decker, Gary J. Nabel, David C. Montefiori, Beatrice H. Hahn, Bette T. Korber, Feng Gao, and Barton F. Haynes. A Group M Consensus Envelope Glycoprotein Induces Antibodies That Neutralize Subsets of Subtype B and C HIV-1 Primary Viruses. Virology, 353(2):268-282, 30 Sep 2006. PubMed ID: 17039602. Show all entries for this paper.

Liao2013a Hongyan Liao, Jun-tao Guo, Miles D. Lange, Run Fan, Michael Zemlin, Kaihong Su, Yongjun Guan, and Zhixin Zhang. Contribution of V(H) Replacement Products to the Generation of Anti-HIV Antibodies. Clin. Immunol., 146(1):46-55, Jan 2013. PubMed ID: 23220404. Show all entries for this paper.

Liao2013c Hua-Xin Liao, Chun-Yen Tsao, S. Munir Alam, Mark Muldoon, Nathan Vandergrift, Ben-Jiang Ma, Xiaozhi Lu, Laura L. Sutherland, Richard M. Scearce, Cindy Bowman, Robert Parks, Haiyan Chen, Julie H. Blinn, Alan Lapedes, Sydeaka Watson, Shi-Mao Xia, Andrew Foulger, Beatrice H. Hahn, George M. Shaw, Ron Swanstrom, David C. Montefiori, Feng Gao, Barton F. Haynes, and Bette Korber. Antigenicity and Immunogenicity of Transmitted/Founder, Consensus, and Chronic Envelope Glycoproteins of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. J. Virol., 87(8):4185-4201, Apr 2013. PubMed ID: 23365441. Show all entries for this paper.

Lin2007 George Lin and Peter L. Nara. Designing Immunogens to Elicit Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies to the HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein. Curr. HIV Res., 5(6):514-541, Nov 2007. PubMed ID: 18045109. Show all entries for this paper.

Ling2002 Hong Ling, Xiao-Yan Zhang, Osamu Usami, and Toshio Hattori. Activation of gp120 of Human Immunodeficiency Virus by Their V3 Loop-Derived Peptides. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 297(3):625-631, 27 Sep 2002. PubMed ID: 12270140. Show all entries for this paper.

Ling2004 Hong Ling, Peng Xiao, Osamu Usami, and Toshio Hattori. Thrombin Activates Envelope Glycoproteins of HIV Type 1 and Enhances Fusion. Microbes Infect., 6(5):414-420, Apr 2004. PubMed ID: 15109955. Show all entries for this paper.

Liu2008 Jun Liu, Alberto Bartesaghi, Mario J. Borgnia, Guillermo Sapiro, and Sriram Subramaniam. Molecular Architecture of Native HIV-1 gp120 Trimers. Nature, 455(7209):109-113, 4 Sep 2008. PubMed ID: 18668044. Show all entries for this paper.

Liu2015a Mengfei Liu, Guang Yang, Kevin Wiehe, Nathan I. Nicely, Nathan A. Vandergrift, Wes Rountree, Mattia Bonsignori, S. Munir Alam, Jingyun Gao, Barton F. Haynes, and Garnett Kelsoe. Polyreactivity and Autoreactivity among HIV-1 Antibodies. J. Virol., 89(1):784-798, Jan 2015. PubMed ID: 25355869. Show all entries for this paper.

Lusso2005 Paolo Lusso, Patricia L. Earl, Francesca Sironi, Fabio Santoro, Chiara Ripamonti, Gabriella Scarlatti, Renato Longhi, Edward A. Berger, and Samuele E. Burastero. Cryptic Nature of a Conserved, CD4-Inducible V3 Loop Neutralization Epitope in the Native Envelope Glycoprotein Oligomer of CCR5-Restricted, but not CXCR4-Using, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Strains. J. Virol., 79(11):6957-6968, Jun 2005. PubMed ID: 15890935. Show all entries for this paper.

Ly2000 A. Ly and L. Stamatatos. V2 Loop Glycosylation of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 SF162 Envelope Facilitates Interaction of this Protein with CD4 and CCR5 Receptors and Protects the Virus from Neutralization by Anti-V3 Loop and Anti-CD4 Binding Site Antibodies. J. Virol., 74:6769-6776, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888615. Show all entries for this paper.

Lynch2010 Rebecca M. Lynch, Rong Rong, Bing Li, Tongye Shen, William Honnen, Joseph Mulenga, Susan Allen, Abraham Pinter, S. Gnanakaran, and Cynthia A. Derdeyn. Subtype-Specific Conservation of Isoleucine 309 in the envelope V3 Domain Is Linked to Immune Evasion in Subtype C HIV-1 Infection. Virology, 404(1):59-70, 15 Aug 2010. PubMed ID: 20494390. Show all entries for this paper.

Lynch2012 Rebecca M. Lynch, Lillian Tran, Mark K. Louder, Stephen D. Schmidt, Myron Cohen, CHAVI 001 Clinical Team Members, Rebecca DerSimonian, Zelda Euler, Elin S. Gray, Salim Abdool Karim, Jennifer Kirchherr, David C. Montefiori, Sengeziwe Sibeko, Kelly Soderberg, Georgia Tomaras, Zhi-Yong Yang, Gary J. Nabel, Hanneke Schuitemaker, Lynn Morris, Barton F. Haynes, and John R. Mascola. The Development of CD4 Binding Site Antibodies during HIV-1 Infection. J. Virol., 86(14):7588-7595, Jul 2012. PubMed ID: 22573869. Show all entries for this paper.

Ma2011 Ben-Jiang Ma, S. Munir Alam, Eden P. Go, Xiaozhi Lu, Heather Desaire, Georgia D. Tomaras, Cindy Bowman, Laura L. Sutherland, Richard M. Scearce, Sampa Santra, Norman L. Letvin, Thomas B. Kepler, Hua-Xin Liao, and Barton F. Haynes. Envelope Deglycosylation Enhances Antigenicity of HIV-1 gp41 Epitopes for Both Broad Neutralizing Antibodies and Their Unmutated Ancestor Antibodies. PLoS Pathog., 7(9):e1002200, Sep 2011. PubMed ID: 21909262. Show all entries for this paper.

Magnus2010 Carsten Magnus and Roland R. Regoes. Estimating the Stoichiometry of HIV Neutralization. PLoS Comput. Biol., 6(3):e1000713, Mar 2010. PubMed ID: 20333245. Show all entries for this paper.

Martin2008 Grégoire Martin, Yide Sun, Bernadette Heyd, Olivier Combes, Jeffrey B Ulmer, Anne Descours, Susan W Barnett, Indresh K Srivastava, and Loïc Martin. A Simple One-Step Method for the Preparation of HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Immunogens Based on a CD4 Mimic Peptide. Virology, 381(2):241-250, 25 Nov 2008. PubMed ID: 18835005. Show all entries for this paper.

Martin2011 Grégoire Martin, Brian Burke, Robert Thaï, Antu K. Dey, Olivier Combes, Bernadette Heyd, Anthony R. Geonnotti, David C. Montefiori, Elaine Kan, Ying Lian, Yide Sun, Toufik Abache, Jeffrey B. Ulmer, Hocine Madaoui, Raphaël Guérois, Susan W. Barnett, Indresh K. Srivastava, Pascal Kessler, and Loïc Martin. Stabilization of HIV-1 Envelope in the CD4-Bound Conformation through Specific Cross-Linking of a CD4 Mimetic. J. Biol. Chem., 286(24):21706-21716, 17 Jun 2011. PubMed ID: 21487012. Show all entries for this paper.

Martin-Garcia2005 Julio Martín-García, Simon Cocklin, Irwin M. Chaiken, and Francisco González-Scarano. Interaction with CD4 and Antibodies to CD4-Induced Epitopes of the Envelope gp120 from a Microglial Cell-Adapted Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate. J. Virol., 79(11):6703-6713, Jun 2005. PubMed ID: 15890908. Show all entries for this paper.

Mascola2010 John R. Mascola and David C. Montefiori. The Role of Antibodies in HIV Vaccines. Annu. Rev. Immunol., 28:413-444, Mar 2010. PubMed ID: 20192810. Show all entries for this paper.

McCaffrey2004 Ruth A McCaffrey, Cheryl Saunders, Mike Hensel, and Leonidas Stamatatos. N-Linked Glycosylation of the V3 Loop and the Immunologically Silent Face of gp120 Protects Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 SF162 from Neutralization by Anti-gp120 and Anti-gp41 Antibodies. J. Virol., 78(7):3279-3295, Apr 2004. PubMed ID: 15016849. Show all entries for this paper.

McCann2005 C. M. Mc Cann, R. J. Song, and R. M. Ruprecht. Antibodies: Can They Protect Against HIV Infection? Curr. Drug Targets Infect. Disord., 5(2):95-111, Jun 2005. PubMed ID: 15975016. Show all entries for this paper.

McFadden2007 Karyn McFadden, Simon Cocklin, Hosahudya Gopi, Sabine Baxter, Sandya Ajith, Naheed Mahmood, Robin Shattock, and Irwin Chaiken. A Recombinant Allosteric Lectin Antagonist of HIV-1 Envelope gp120 Interactions. Proteins, 67(3):617-629, 15 May 2007. PubMed ID: 17348010. Show all entries for this paper.

McKnight2007 Aine McKnight and Marlen M. I. Aasa-Chapman. Clade Specific Neutralising Vaccines for HIV: An Appropriate Target? Curr. HIV Res., 5(6):554-560, Nov 2007. PubMed ID: 18045111. Show all entries for this paper.

Melchers2012 Mark Melchers, Ilja Bontjer, Tommy Tong, Nancy P. Y. Chung, Per Johan Klasse, Dirk Eggink, David C. Montefiori, Maurizio Gentile, Andrea Cerutti, William C. Olson, Ben Berkhout, James M. Binley, John P. Moore, and Rogier W. Sanders. Targeting HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Trimers to B Cells by Using APRIL Improves Antibody Responses. J. Virol., 86(5):2488-2500, Mar 2012. PubMed ID: 22205734. Show all entries for this paper.

Meyerson2013 Joel R. Meyerson, Erin E. H. Tran, Oleg Kuybeda, Weizao Chen, Dimiter S. Dimitrov, Andrea Gorlani, Theo Verrips, Jeffrey D. Lifson, and Sriram Subramaniam. Molecular Structures of Trimeric HIV-1 Env in Complex with Small Antibody Derivatives. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 110(2):513-518, 8 Jan 2013. PubMed ID: 23267106. Show all entries for this paper.

Moody2010 M. Anthony Moody, Hua-Xin Liao, S. Munir Alam, Richard M. Scearce, M. Kelly Plonk, Daniel M. Kozink, Mark S. Drinker, Ruijun Zhang, Shi-Mao Xia, Laura L. Sutherland, Georgia D. Tomaras, Ian P. Giles, John C. Kappes, Christina Ochsenbauer-Jambor, Tara G. Edmonds, Melina Soares, Gustavo Barbero, Donald N. Forthal, Gary Landucci, Connie Chang, Steven W. King, Anita Kavlie, Thomas N. Denny, Kwan-Ki Hwang, Pojen P. Chen, Philip E. Thorpe, David C. Montefiori, and Barton F. Haynes. Anti-Phospholipid Human Monoclonal Antibodies Inhibit CCR5-Tropic HIV-1 and Induce beta-Chemokines. J. Exp. Med., 207(4):763-776, 12 Apr 2010. PubMed ID: 20368576. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1993d J. P. Moore, H. Yoshiyama, D. D. Ho, J. E. Robinson, and J. Sodroski. Antigenic Variation in gp120s from Molecular Clones of HIV-1 LAI. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 9:1185-1193, 1993. The binding of MAbs to four molecular clones of HIV-1 LAI: HxB2, HxB3, Hx10, and NL4-3, was measured. Despite the close relationship between these clones, there is considerable variation in their antigenic structure, judged by MAb reactivities to the V2, V3, and C4 domains and to discontinuous epitopes. Small variations in sequence can profoundly affect recognition of gp120 by all five groups of defined anti-gp120 neutralizing antibodies. PubMed ID: 7511394. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1996 J. P. Moore and J. Sodroski. Antibody cross-competition analysis of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp120 exterior envelope glycoprotein. J. Virol., 70:1863-1872, 1996. 46 anti-gp120 monomer MAbs were used to create a competition matrix, and MAb competition groups were defined. The data suggests that there are two faces of the gp120 glycoprotein: a face occupied by the CD4BS, which is presumably also exposed on the oligomeric envelope glycoprotein complex, and a second face which is presumably inaccessible on the oligomer and interacts with a number of nonneutralizing antibodies. PubMed ID: 8627711. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1998 J. P. Moore and J. Binley. HIV Envelope's Letters Boxed into Shape. Nature, 393:630-631, 1998. Comment on Nature 1998 Jun 18;393(6686):648-59 and Nature 1998 Jun 18;393(6686):705-11. PubMed ID: 9641673. Show all entries for this paper.

Nabatov2004 Alexey A. Nabatov, Georgios Pollakis, Thomas Linnemann, Aletta Kliphius, Moustapha I. M. Chalaby, and William A. Paxton. Intrapatient Alterations in the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 V1V2 and V3 Regions Differentially Modulate Coreceptor Usage, Virus Inhibition by CC/CXC Chemokines, Soluble CD4, and the b12 and 2G12 Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 78(1):524-530, Jan 2004. PubMed ID: 14671134. Show all entries for this paper.

Negi2009 Surendra S. Negi and Werner Braun. Automated Detection of Conformational Epitopes Using Phage Display Peptide Sequences. Bioinform. Biol. Insights, 3:71-81, 2009. PubMed ID: 20140073. Show all entries for this paper.

Nishiyama2009 Yasuhiro Nishiyama, Stephanie Planque, Yukie Mitsuda, Giovanni Nitti, Hiroaki Taguchi, Lei Jin, Jindrich Symersky, Stephane Boivin, Marcin Sienczyk, Maria Salas, Carl V. Hanson, and Sudhir Paul. Toward Effective HIV Vaccination: Induction of Binary Epitope Reactive Antibodies with Broad HIV Neutralizing Activity. J. Biol. Chem., 284(44):30627-30642, 30 Oct 2009. PubMed ID: 19726674. Show all entries for this paper.

Nolan2009 Katrina M. Nolan, Gregory Q. Del Prete, Andrea P. O. Jordan, Beth Haggarty, Josephine Romano, George J. Leslie, and James A. Hoxie. Characterization of a Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 V3 Deletion Mutation That Confers Resistance to CCR5 Inhibitors and the Ability to Use Aplaviroc-Bound Receptor. J. Virol., 83(8):3798-3809, Apr 2009. PubMed ID: 19193800. Show all entries for this paper.

Ohagen2003 Asa Ohagen, Amy Devitt, Kevin J. Kunstman, Paul R. Gorry, Patrick P. Rose, Bette Korber, Joann Taylor, Robert Levy, Robert L. Murphy, Steven M. Wolinsky, and Dana Gabuzda. Genetic and Functional Analysis of Full-Length Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 env Genes Derived from Brain and Blood of Patients with AIDS. J. Virol., 77(22):12336-12345, Nov 2003. PubMed ID: 14581570. Show all entries for this paper.

ORourke2010 Sara M. O'Rourke, Becky Schweighardt, Pham Phung, Dora P. A. J. Fonseca, Karianne Terry, Terri Wrin, Faruk Sinangil, and Phillip W. Berman. Mutation at a Single Position in the V2 Domain of the HIV-1 Envelope Protein Confers Neutralization Sensitivity to a Highly Neutralization-Resistant Virus. J. Virol., 84(21):11200-11209, Nov 2010. PubMed ID: 20702624. Show all entries for this paper.

ORourke2012 Sara M. O'Rourke, Becky Schweighardt, Pham Phung, Kathryn A. Mesa, Aaron L. Vollrath, Gwen P. Tatsuno, Briana To, Faruk Sinangil, Kay Limoli, Terri Wrin, and Phillip W. Berman. Sequences in Glycoprotein gp41, the CD4 Binding Site, and the V2 Domain Regulate Sensitivity and Resistance of HIV-1 to Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies. J. Virol., 86(22):12105-12114, Nov 2012. PubMed ID: 22933284. Show all entries for this paper.

Oscherwitz1999 J. Oscherwitz, F. M. Gotch, K. B. Cease, and J. A. Berzofsky. New Insights and Approaches Regarding B- and T-Cell Epitopes in HIV Vaccine Design. AIDS, 13(Suppl A):S163-174, 1999. PubMed ID: 10885773. Show all entries for this paper.

Pancera2005 Marie Pancera and Richard Wyatt. Selective Recognition of Oligomeric HIV-1 Primary Isolate Envelope Glycoproteins by Potently Neutralizing Ligands Requires Efficient Precursor Cleavage. Virology, 332(1):145-156, 5 Feb 2005. PubMed ID: 15661147. Show all entries for this paper.

Pancera2005a Marie Pancera, Jacob Lebowitz, Arne Schön, Ping Zhu, Ernesto Freire, Peter D. Kwong, Kenneth H. Roux, Joseph Sodroski, and Richard Wyatt. Soluble Mimetics of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Viral Spikes Produced by Replacement of the Native Trimerization Domain with a Heterologous Trimerization Motif: Characterization and Ligand Binding Analysis. J. Virol., 79(15):9954-9969, Aug 2005. PubMed ID: 16014956. Show all entries for this paper.

Pancera2010a Marie Pancera, Shahzad Majeed, Yih-En Andrew Ban, Lei Chen, Chih-chin Huang, Leopold Kong, Young Do Kwon, Jonathan Stuckey, Tongqing Zhou, James E. Robinson, William R. Schief, Joseph Sodroski, Richard Wyatt, and Peter D. Kwong. Structure of HIV-1 gp120 with gp41-Interactive Region Reveals Layered Envelope Architecture and Basis of Conformational Mobility. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 107(3):1166-1171, 19 Jan 2010. PubMed ID: 20080564. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2003b Ralph Pantophlet, Ian A. Wilson, and Dennis R. Burton. Hyperglycosylated Mutants of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Type 1 Monomeric gp120 as Novel Antigens for HIV Vaccine Design. J. Virol., 77(10):5889-8901, May 2003. PubMed ID: 12719582. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2004 R. Pantophlet, I. A. Wilson, and D. R. Burton. Improved Design of an Antigen with Enhanced Specificity for the Broadly HIV-Neutralizing Antibody b12. Protein Eng. Des. Sel., 17(10):749-758, Oct 2004. PubMed ID: 15542540. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2006 Ralph Pantophlet and Dennis R. Burton. GP120: Target for Neutralizing HIV-1 Antibodies. Annu. Rev. Immunol., 24:739-769, 2006. PubMed ID: 16551265. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2009 Ralph Pantophlet, Meng Wang, Rowena O. Aguilar-Sino, and Dennis R. Burton. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Spike of Primary Viruses Can Suppress Antibody Access to Variable Regions. J. Virol., 83(4):1649-1659, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 19036813. Show all entries for this paper.

Park2000 E. J. Park, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and G. V. Quinnan. A global neutralization resistance phenotype of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is determined by distinct mechanisms mediating enhanced infectivity and conformational change of the envelope complex. J. Virol., 74:4183-91, 2000. PubMed ID: 10756031. Show all entries for this paper.

Parren1997 P. W. Parren, M. C. Gauduin, R. A. Koup, P. Poignard, Q. J. Sattentau, P. Fisicaro, and D. R. Burton. Erratum to Relevance of the Antibody Response against Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope to Vaccine Design. Immunol. Lett., 58:125-132, 1997. corrected and republished article originally printed in Immunol. Lett. 1997 Jun;57(1-3):105-112. PubMed ID: 9271324. Show all entries for this paper.

Peters2008a Paul J. Peters, Maria J. Duenas-Decamp, W. Matthew Sullivan, Richard Brown, Chiambah Ankghuambom, Katherine Luzuriaga, James Robinson, Dennis R. Burton, Jeanne Bell, Peter Simmonds, Jonathan Ball, and Paul R. Clapham. Variation in HIV-1 R5 Macrophage-Tropism Correlates with Sensitivity to Reagents that Block Envelope: CD4 Interactions But Not with Sensitivity to Other Entry Inhibitors. Retrovirology, 5:5, 2008. PubMed ID: 18205925. Show all entries for this paper.

Phogat2007 S. Phogat, R. T. Wyatt, and G. B. Karlsson Hedestam. Inhibition of HIV-1 Entry by Antibodies: Potential Viral and Cellular Targets. J. Intern. Med., 262(1):26-43, Jul 2007. PubMed ID: 17598813. Show all entries for this paper.

Pinter2004 Abraham Pinter, William J. Honnen, Yuxian He, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Samuel C. Kayman. The V1/V2 Domain of gp120 Is a Global Regulator of the Sensitivity of Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolates to Neutralization by Antibodies Commonly Induced upon Infection. J. Virol., 78(10):5205-5215, May 2004. PubMed ID: 15113902. Show all entries for this paper.

Poignard1996b P. Poignard, T. Fouts, D. Naniche, J. P. Moore, and Q. J. Sattentau. Neutralizing antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus type-1 gp120 induce envelope glycoprotein subunit dissociation. J. Exp. Med., 183:473-484, 1996. Binding of Anti-V3 and the CD4I neutralizing MAbs induces shedding of gp120 on cells infected with the T-cell line-adapted HIV-1 molecular clone Hx10. This was shown by significant increases of gp120 in the supernatant, and exposure of a gp41 epitope that is masked in the oligomer. MAbs binding either to the V2 loop or to CD4BS discontinuous epitopes do not induce gp120 dissociation. This suggests HIV neutralization probably is caused by several mechanisms, and one of the mechanisms may involve gp120 dissociation. PubMed ID: 8627160. Show all entries for this paper.

Poignard2001 P. Poignard, E. O. Saphire, P. W. Parren, and D. R. Burton. gp120: Biologic aspects of structural features. Annu. Rev. Immunol., 19:253--74, 2001. URL: PubMed ID: 11244037. Show all entries for this paper.

Pollara2013 Justin Pollara, Mattia Bonsignori, M. Anthony Moody, Marzena Pazgier, Barton F. Haynes, and Guido Ferrari. Epitope Specificity of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Antibody Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity (ADCC) Responses. Curr. HIV Res., 11(5):378-387, Jul 2013. PubMed ID: 24191939. Show all entries for this paper.

Prevost2017 Jérémie Prévost, Daria Zoubchenok, Jonathan Richard, Maxime Veillette, Beatriz Pacheco, Mathieu Coutu, Nathalie Brassard, Matthew S. Parsons, Kiat Ruxrungtham, Torsak Bunupuradah, Sodsai Tovanabutra, Kwan-Ki Hwang, M. Anthony Moody, Barton F. Haynes, Mattia Bonsignori, Joseph Sodroski, Daniel E. Kaufmann, George M. Shaw, Agnes L. Chenine, and Andrés Finzi. Influence of the Envelope gp120 Phe 43 Cavity on HIV-1 Sensitivity to Antibody-Dependent Cell-Mediated Cytotoxicity Responses. J. Virol., 91(7), 1 Apr 2017. PubMed ID: 28100618. Show all entries for this paper.

Prevost2018 Jérémie Prévost, Jonathan Richard, Shilei Ding, Beatriz Pacheco, Roxanne Charlebois, Beatrice H Hahn, Daniel E Kaufmann, and Andrés Finzi. Envelope Glycoproteins Sampling States 2/3 Are Susceptible to ADCC by Sera from HIV-1-Infected Individuals. Virology, 515:38-45, Feb 2018. PubMed ID: 29248757. Show all entries for this paper.

Pugach2008 Pavel Pugach, Thomas J. Ketas, Elizabeth Michael, and John P. Moore. Neutralizing Antibody and Anti-Retroviral Drug Sensitivities of HIV-1 Isolates Resistant to Small Molecule CCR5 Inhibitors. Virology, 377(2):401-407, 1 Aug 2008. PubMed ID: 18519143. Show all entries for this paper.

Pugach2015 Pavel Pugach, Gabriel Ozorowski, Albert Cupo, Rajesh Ringe, Anila Yasmeen, Natalia de Val, Ronald Derking, Helen J. Kim, Jacob Korzun, Michael Golabek, Kevin de Los Reyes, Thomas J. Ketas, Jean-Philippe Julien, Dennis R. Burton, Ian A. Wilson, Rogier W. Sanders, P. J. Klasse, Andrew B. Ward, and John P. Moore. A Native-Like SOSIP.664 Trimer Based on an HIV-1 Subtype B env Gene. J. Virol., 89(6):3380-3395, Mar 2015. PubMed ID: 25589637. Show all entries for this paper.

Reeves2005 Jacqueline D. Reeves, Fang-Hua Lee, John L. Miamidian, Cassandra B. Jabara, Marisa M. Juntilla, and Robert W. Doms. Enfuvirtide Resistance Mutations: Impact on Human Immunodeficiency Virus Envelope Function, Entry Inhibitor Sensitivity, and Virus Neutralization. J. Virol., 79(8):4991-4999, Apr 2005. PubMed ID: 15795284. Show all entries for this paper.

Ringe2010 Rajesh Ringe, Madhuri Thakar, and Jayanta Bhattacharya. Variations in Autologous Neutralization and CD4 Dependence of b12 Resistant HIV-1 Clade C env Clones Obtained at Different Time Points from Antiretroviral Naïve Indian Patients with Recent Infection. Retrovirology, 7:76, 2010. PubMed ID: 20860805. Show all entries for this paper.

Rits-Volloch2006 Sophia Rits-Volloch, Gary Frey, Stephen C. Harrison, and Bing Chen. Restraining the Conformation of HIV-1 gp120 by Removing a Flexible Loop. EMBO J., 25(20):5026-5035, 18 Oct 2006. PubMed ID: 17006538. Show all entries for this paper.

Rizzuto1998 C. D. Rizzuto, R. Wyatt, N. Hernandez-Ramos, Y. Sun, P. D. Kwong, W. A. Hendrickson, and J. Sodroski. A Conserved HIV gp120 Glycoprotein Structure Involved in Chemokine Receptor Binding. Science, 280:1949-1953, 1998. This paper compares the epitope for CD4 inducible MAbs with the chemokine co-receptor binding site on the gp120 molecule. Site-directed mutagenesis of YU2 Env was guided by information obtained from the crystallized CD4-17b-gp120 core structure, Kwong et al, 1998. YU2 is a primary macrophage tropic R5 isolate with high affinity for both CD4 and CCR5. A protein with the V1-V2 loops deleted, called wt$\Delta$ was the basis for the assay which detected binding of virus to cells expressing CCR5 in the presence of sCD4. Preincubaton with MAb 17b blocks binding, as did the natural ligand for CCR5, MIP-1$\beta$ and anti-CCR5 MAb 2D7. Mutations 437 P/A and 442 Q/L increased CCR5 binding affinity. The region of gp120 CCR5 binding is shown to be the highly conserved $\beta$-sheet bridging structure, located proximal to the V3 loop. PubMed ID: 9632396. Show all entries for this paper.

Rizzuto2000 Carlo Rizzuto and Joseph Sodroski. Fine Definition of a Conserved CCR5-Binding Region on the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Glycoprotein 120. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 16(8):741-749, 20 May 2000. PubMed ID: 10826481. Show all entries for this paper.

Robinson1992 J. Robinson, H. Yoshiyama, D. Holton, S. Elliot, and D.D. Ho. Distinct Antigenic Sites on HIV gp120 Identified by a Panel of Human Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Cell Biochem., Suppl 16E:71, 1992. Show all entries for this paper.

Robinson2005 James E. Robinson, Debra Holton Elliott, Effie A. Martin, Kathryne Micken, and Eric S. Rosenberg. High Frequencies of Antibody Responses to CD4 Induced Epitopes in HIV Infected Patients Started on HAART during Acute Infection. Hum Antibodies, 14(3-4):115-121, 2005. PubMed ID: 16720981. Show all entries for this paper.

Ruprecht2011 Claudia R. Ruprecht, Anders Krarup, Lucy Reynell, Axel M. Mann, Oliver F. Brandenberg, Livia Berlinger, Irene A. Abela, Roland R. Regoes, Huldrych F. Günthard, Peter Rusert, and Alexandra Trkola. MPER-Specific Antibodies Induce gp120 Shedding and Irreversibly Neutralize HIV-1. J. Exp. Med., 208(3):439-454, 14 Mar 2011. PubMed ID: 21357743. Show all entries for this paper.

Sajadi2012 Mohammad M. Sajadi, George K. Lewis, Michael S. Seaman, Yongjun Guan, Robert R. Redfield, and Anthony L. DeVico. Signature Biochemical Properties of Broadly Cross-Reactive HIV-1 Neutralizing Antibodies in Human Plasma. J. Virol., 86(9):5014-5025, May 2012. PubMed ID: 22379105. Show all entries for this paper.

Salzwedel2000 K. Salzwedel, E. D. Smith, B. Dey, and E. A. Berger. Sequential CD4-Coreceptor Interactions in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Env Function: Soluble CD4 Activates Env for Coreceptor-Dependent Fusion and Reveals Blocking Activities of Antibodies against Cryptic Conserved Epitopes on gp120. J. Virol., 74:326-333, 2000. PubMed ID: 10590121. Show all entries for this paper.

Sanders2013 Rogier W. Sanders, Ronald Derking, Albert Cupo, Jean-Philippe Julien, Anila Yasmeen, Natalia de Val, Helen J. Kim, Claudia Blattner, Alba Torrents de la Peña, Jacob Korzun, Michael Golabek, Kevin de los Reyes, Thomas J. Ketas, Marit J. van Gils, C. Richter King, Ian A. Wilson, Andrew B. Ward, P. J. Klasse, and John P. Moore. A Next-Generation Cleaved, Soluble HIV-1 Env Trimer, BG505 SOSIP.664 gp140, Expresses Multiple Epitopes for Broadly Neutralizing but not Non-Neutralizing Antibodies. PLoS Pathog., 9(9):e1003618, Sep 2013. PubMed ID: 24068931. Show all entries for this paper.

Sattentau1995a Q. J. Sattentau and J. P. Moore. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 neutralization is determined by epitope exposure on the gp120 oligomer. J. Exp. Med., 182:185-196, 1995. This study suggests that antibodies specific for one of five different binding regions on gp120 are associated with viral neutralization: V2, V3, C4, the CD4 binding site, and a complex discontinuous epitope that does not interfere with CD4 binding. Kinetic binding properties of a set of MAbs that bind to these regions were studied, analyzing binding to both functional oligomeric LAI gp120 and soluble monomeric LAI BH10 gp120; neutralization ID$_50$s were also evaluated. It was found that the neutralization ID$_50$s was related to the ability to bind oligomeric, not monomeric, gp120, and concluded that with the exception of the V3 loop, regions of gp120 that are immunogenic will be poorly presented on cell-line-adapted virions. Further, the association rate, estimated as the t$_1/2$ to reach equilibrium binding to multimeric, virion associated, gp120, appears to be a major factor relating to affinity and potency of the neutralization response to cell-line-adapted virus. PubMed ID: 7540648. Show all entries for this paper.

Schiffner2016 Torben Schiffner, Natalia de Val, Rebecca A. Russell, Steven W. de Taeye, Alba Torrents de la Peña, Gabriel Ozorowski, Helen J. Kim, Travis Nieusma, Florian Brod, Albert Cupo, Rogier W. Sanders, John P. Moore, Andrew B. Ward, and Quentin J. Sattentau. Chemical Cross-Linking Stabilizes Native-Like HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Trimer Antigens. J. Virol., 90(2):813-828, 28 Oct 2015. PubMed ID: 26512083. Show all entries for this paper.

Schiffner2018 Torben Schiffner, Jesper Pallesen, Rebecca A. Russell, Jonathan Dodd, Natalia de Val, Celia C. LaBranche, David Montefiori, Georgia D. Tomaras, Xiaoying Shen, Scarlett L. Harris, Amin E. Moghaddam, Oleksandr Kalyuzhniy, Rogier W. Sanders, Laura E. McCoy, John P. Moore, Andrew B. Ward, and Quentin J. Sattentau. Structural and Immunologic Correlates of Chemically Stabilized HIV-1 Envelope Glycoproteins. PLoS Pathog., 14(5):e1006986, May 2018. PubMed ID: 29746590. Show all entries for this paper.

Schulke2002 Norbert Schulke, Mika S. Vesanen, Rogier W. Sanders, Ping Zhu, Min Lu, Deborah J. Anselma, Anthony R. Villa, Paul W. H. I. Parren, James M. Binley, Kenneth H. Roux, Paul J. Maddon, John P. Moore, and William C. Olson. Oligomeric and Conformational Properties of a Proteolytically Mature, Disulfide-Stabilized Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp140 Envelope Glycoprotein. J. Virol., 76(15):7760-76, Aug 2002. PubMed ID: 12097589. Show all entries for this paper.

Seaman2010 Michael S. Seaman, Holly Janes, Natalie Hawkins, Lauren E. Grandpre, Colleen Devoy, Ayush Giri, Rory T. Coffey, Linda Harris, Blake Wood, Marcus G. Daniels, Tanmoy Bhattacharya, Alan Lapedes, Victoria R Polonis, Francine E. McCutchan, Peter B. Gilbert, Steve G. Self, Bette T. Korber, David C. Montefiori, and John R. Mascola. Tiered Categorization of a Diverse Panel of HIV-1 Env Pseudoviruses for Assessment of Neutralizing Antibodies. J Virol, 84(3):1439-1452, Feb 2010. PubMed ID: 19939925. Show all entries for this paper.

Sellhorn2012 George Sellhorn, Zane Kraft, Zachary Caldwell, Katharine Ellingson, Christine Mineart, Michael S. Seaman, David C. Montefiori, Eliza Lagerquist, and Leonidas Stamatatos. Engineering, Expression, Purification, and Characterization of Stable Clade A/B Recombinant Soluble Heterotrimeric gp140 Proteins. J. Virol., 86(1):128-142, Jan 2012. PubMed ID: 22031951. Show all entries for this paper.

Selvarajah2005 Suganya Selvarajah, Bridget Puffer, Ralph Pantophlet, Mansun Law, Robert W. Doms, and Dennis R. Burton. Comparing Antigenicity and Immunogenicity of Engineered gp120. J. Virol., 79(19):12148-12163, Oct 2005. PubMed ID: 16160142. Show all entries for this paper.

Sharma2006 Victoria A. Sharma, Elaine Kan, Yide Sun, Ying Lian, Jimna Cisto, Verna Frasca, Susan Hilt, Leonidas Stamatatos, John J. Donnelly, Jeffrey B. Ulmer, Susan W. Barnett, and Indresh K. Srivastava. Structural Characteristics Correlate with Immune Responses Induced by HIV Envelope Glycoprotein Vaccines. Virology, 10 Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16769099. Show all entries for this paper.

Shen2010 Xiaoying Shen, S. Moses Dennison, Pinghuang Liu, Feng Gao, Frederick Jaeger, David C. Montefiori, Laurent Verkoczy, Barton F. Haynes, S. Munir Alam, and Georgia D. Tomaras. Prolonged Exposure of the HIV-1 gp41 Membrane Proximal Region with L669S Substitution. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 107(13):5972-5977, 30 Mar 2010. PubMed ID: 20231447. Show all entries for this paper.

Shibata2007 Junji Shibata, Kazuhisa Yoshimura, Akiko Honda, Atsushi Koito, Toshio Murakami, and Shuzo Matsushita. Impact of V2 Mutations on Escape from a Potent Neutralizing Anti-V3 Monoclonal Antibody during In Vitro Selection of a Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate. J. Virol., 81(8):3757-3768, Apr 2007. PubMed ID: 17251298. Show all entries for this paper.

Si2001 Zhihai Si, Mark Cayabyab, and Joseph Sodroski. Envelope Glycoprotein Determinants of nEutralization Resistance in a Simian-Human Immunodeficiency Virus (SHIV-HXBc2P 3.2) Derived by Passage in Monkeys. J. Virol., 75(9):4208-4218, May 2001. PubMed ID: 11287570. Show all entries for this paper.

Smalls-Mantey2012 Adjoa Smalls-Mantey, Nicole Doria-Rose, Rachel Klein, Andy Patamawenu, Stephen A. Migueles, Sung-Youl Ko, Claire W. Hallahan, Hing Wong, Bai Liu, Lijing You, Johannes Scheid, John C. Kappes, Christina Ochsenbauer, Gary J. Nabel, John R. Mascola, and Mark Connors. Antibody-Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity against Primary HIV-Infected CD4+ T Cells Is Directly Associated with the Magnitude of Surface IgG Binding. J. Virol., 86(16):8672-8680, Aug 2012. PubMed ID: 22674985. Show all entries for this paper.

Srivastava2002 Indresh K. Srivastava, Leonidas Stamatatos, Harold Legg, Elaine Kan, Anne Fong, Stephen R. Coates, Louisa Leung, Mark Wininger, John J. Donnelly, Jeffrey B. Ulmer, and Susan W. Barnett. Purification and Characterization of Oligomeric Envelope Glycoprotein from a Primary R5 Subtype B Human Immunodeficiency Virus. J. Virol., 76(6):2835-2847, Mar 2002. URL: PubMed ID: 11861851. Show all entries for this paper.

Srivastava2005 Indresh K. Srivastava, Jeffrey B. Ulmer, and Susan W. Barnett. Role of Neutralizing Antibodies in Protective Immunity Against HIV. Hum. Vaccin., 1(2):45-60, Mar-Apr 2005. PubMed ID: 17038830. Show all entries for this paper.

Srivastava2008 Indresh K. Srivastava, Elaine Kan, Yide Sun, Victoria A. Sharma, Jimna Cisto, Brian Burke, Ying Lian, Susan Hilt, Zohar Biron, Karin Hartog, Leonidas Stamatatos, Ruben Diaz-Avalos, R Holland Cheng, Jeffrey B. Ulmer, and Susan W. Barnett. Comparative Evaluation of Trimeric Envelope Glycoproteins Derived from Subtype C and B HIV-1 R5 Isolates. Virology, 372(2):273-290, 15 Mar 2008. PubMed ID: 18061231. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1998 L. Stamatatos and C. Cheng-Mayer. An Envelope Modification That Renders a Primary, Neutralization-Resistant Clade B Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate Highly Susceptible to Neutralization by Sera from Other Clades. J. Virol., 72:7840-7845, 1998. PubMed ID: 9733820. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos2000 L. Stamatatos, M. Lim, and C. Cheng-Mayer. Generation and structural analysis of soluble oligomeric gp140 envelope proteins derived from neutralization-resistant and neutralization-susceptible primary HIV type 1 isolates. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 16(10):981--94, 1 Jul 2000. PubMed ID: 10890360. Show all entries for this paper.

Stanfield2005 Robyn L. Stanfield and Ian A. Wilson. Structural Studies of Human HIV-1 V3 Antibodies. Hum Antibodies, 14(3-4):73-80, 2005. PubMed ID: 16720977. Show all entries for this paper.

Stricher2008 François Stricher, Chih-chin Huang, Anne Descours, Sophie Duquesnoy, Olivier Combes, Julie M. Decker, Young Do Kwon, Paolo Lusso, George M. Shaw, Claudio Vita, Peter D. Kwong, and Loïc Martin. Combinatorial Optimization of a CD4-Mimetic Miniprotein and Cocrystal Structures with HIV-1 gp120 Envelope Glycoprotein. J. Mol. Biol., 382(2):510-524, 3 Oct 2008. PubMed ID: 18619974. Show all entries for this paper.

Sullivan1998 N. Sullivan, Y. Sun, Q. Sattentau, M. Thali, D. Wu, G. Denisova, J. Gershoni, J. Robinson, J. Moore, and J. Sodroski. CD4-Induced Conformational Changes in the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Glycoprotein: Consequences for Virus Entry and Neutralization. J. Virol., 72:4694-4703, 1998. A study of the sCD4 inducible MAb 17bi, and the MAb CG10 that recognizes a gp120-CD4 complex. These epitopes are minimally accessible upon attachment of gp120 to the cell. The CD4-binding induced changes in gp120 were studied, exploring the sequestering of chemokine receptor binding sites from the humoral response. PubMed ID: 9573233. Show all entries for this paper.

Sullivan1998b N. Sullivan, Y. Sun, J. Binley, J. Lee, C. F. Barbas III, P. W. H. I. Parren, D. R. Burton, and J. Sodroski. Determinants of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoprotein activation by soluble CD4 and monoclonal antibodies. J. Virol., 72:6332-8, 1998. PubMed ID: 9658072. Show all entries for this paper.

Sundling2012 Christopher Sundling, Yuxing Li, Nick Huynh, Christian Poulsen, Richard Wilson, Sijy O'Dell, Yu Feng, John R. Mascola, Richard T. Wyatt, and Gunilla B. Karlsson Hedestam. High-Resolution Definition of Vaccine-Elicited B Cell Responses Against the HIV Primary Receptor Binding Site. Sci. Transl. Med., 4(142):142ra96, 11 Jul 2012. PubMed ID: 22786681. Show all entries for this paper.

Tan2009 Hepan Tan and A. J. Rader. Identification of Putative, Stable Binding Regions through Flexibility Analysis of HIV-1 gp120. Proteins, 74(4):881-894, Mar 2009. PubMed ID: 18704932. Show all entries for this paper.

Tanaka2017 Kazuki Tanaka, Takeo Kuwata, Muntasir Alam, Gilad Kaplan, Shokichi Takahama, Kristel Paola Ramirez Valdez, Anna Roitburd-Berman, Jonathan M. Gershoni, and Shuzo Matsushita. Unique binding modes for the broad neutralizing activity of single-chain variable fragments (scFv) targeting CD4-induced epitopes. Retrovirology, 14(1):44 doi, Sep 2017. PubMed ID: 28938888 Show all entries for this paper.

Tang2011 Haili Tang, James E. Robinson, S. Gnanakaran, Ming Li, Eric S. Rosenberg, Lautaro G. Perez, Barton F. Haynes, Hua-Xin Liao, Celia C. Labranche, Bette T. Korber, and David C. Montefiori. Epitopes Immediately below the Base of the V3 Loop of gp120 as Targets for the Initial Autologous Neutralizing Antibody Response in Two HIV-1 Subtype B-Infected Individuals. J. Virol., 85(18):9286-9299, Sep 2011. PubMed ID: 21734041. Show all entries for this paper.

Taylor2008 Brian M. Taylor, J. Scott Foulke, Robin Flinko, Alonso Heredia, Anthony DeVico, and Marvin Reitz. An Alteration of Human Immunodeficiency Virus gp41 Leads to Reduced CCR5 Dependence and CD4 Independence. J. Virol., 82(11):5460-5471, Jun 2008. PubMed ID: 18353949. Show all entries for this paper.

Teeraputon2005 Sirilak Teeraputon, Suda Louisirirojchanakul, and Prasert Auewarakul. N-Linked Glycosylation in C2 Region of HIV-1 Envelope Reduces Sensitivity to Neutralizing Antibodies. Viral Immunol., 18(2):343-353, Summer 2005. PubMed ID: 16035946. Show all entries for this paper.

Thali1993 M. Thali, J. P. Moore, C. Furman, M. Charles, D. D. Ho, J. Robinson, and J. Sodroski. Characterization of Conserved Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Neutralization Epitopes Exposed upon gp120-CD4 Binding. J. Virol., 67:3978-3988, 1993. Five regions are likely to contribute to the 48d and 17b discontinuous epitopes, either directly or through local conformational effects: the hydrophobic ring-like structure formed by the disulfide bond that links C3 and C4, the base of the stem-loop that contains V1 and V2, and the hydrophobic region in C2 from Arg 252 to Asp 262. Additionally changes in Glu 370, and Met 475 in C5, affected binding and neutralization. The hydrophobic character of these critical regions is consistent with the limited exposure on gp120 prior to CD4 binding. PubMed ID: 7685405. Show all entries for this paper.

Thali1994 M. Thali, M. Charles, C. Furman, L. Cavacini, M. Posner, J. Robinson, and J. Sodroski. Resistance to Neutralization by Broadly Reactive Antibodies to the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Glycoprotein Conferred by a gp41 Amino Acid Change. J. Virol., 68:674-680, 1994. A T->A amino acid substitution at position 582 of gp41 conferred resistance to neutralization to 30\% of HIV positive sera (Wilson et al. J Virol 64:3240-48 (1990)). Monoclonal antibodies that bound to the CD4 binding site were unable to neutralize this virus, but the mutation did not reduce the neutralizing capacity of a V2 region MAb G3-4, V3 region MAbs, or gp41 neutralizing MAb 2F5. PubMed ID: 7507184. Show all entries for this paper.

Thida2019 Win Thida, Takeo Kuwata, Yosuke Maeda, Tetsu Yamashiro, Giang Van Tran, Kinh Van Nguyen, Masafumi Takiguchi, Hiroyuki Gatanaga, Kazuki Tanaka, and Shuzo Matsushita. The role of conventional antibodies targeting the CD4 binding site and CD4-induced epitopes in the control of HIV-1 CRF01_AE viruses. Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 508(1):46-51 doi, Jan 2019. PubMed ID: 30470571 Show all entries for this paper.

Tran2012 Erin E. H. Tran, Mario J. Borgnia, Oleg Kuybeda, David M. Schauder, Alberto Bartesaghi, Gabriel A. Frank, Guillermo Sapiro, Jacqueline L. S. Milne, and Sriram Subramaniam. Structural Mechanism of Trimeric HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Activation. PLoS Pathog., 8(7):e1002797, 2012. PubMed ID: 22807678. Show all entries for this paper.

Trkola1996b A. Trkola, T. Dragic, J. Arthos, J. M. Binley, W. C. Olson, G. P. Allaway, C. Cheng-Mayer, J. Robinson, P. J. Maddon, and J. P. Moore. CD4-Dependent, Antibody-Sensitive Interactions between HIV-1 and Its Co-Receptor CCR-5. Nature, 384:184-187, 1996. CCR-5 is a co-factor for fusion of HIV-1 strains of the non-syncytium-inducing (NSI) phenotype with CD4+ T-cells. CD4 binding greatly increases the efficiency of gp120-CCR-5 interaction. Neutralizing MAbs against the V3 loop and CD4-induced epitopes on gp120 inhibited the interaction of gp120 with CCR-5, without affecting gp120-CD4 binding. PubMed ID: 8906796. Show all entries for this paper.

Tuen2005 Michael Tuen, Maria Luisa Visciano, Peter C. Chien, Jr., Sandra Cohen, Pei-de Chen, James Robinson, Yuxian He, Abraham Pinter, Miroslaw K Gorny, and Catarina E Hioe. Characterization of Antibodies that Inhibit HIV gp120 Antigen Processing and Presentation. Eur. J. Immunol., 35(9):2541-2551, Sep 2005. PubMed ID: 16106369. Show all entries for this paper.

Vaine2010 Michael Vaine, Shixia Wang, Qin Liu, James Arthos, David Montefiori, Paul Goepfert, M. Juliana McElrath, and Shan Lu. Profiles of Human Serum Antibody Responses Elicited by Three Leading HIV Vaccines Focusing on the Induction of Env-Specific Antibodies. PLoS One, 5(11):e13916, 2010. PubMed ID: 21085486. Show all entries for this paper.

vanMontfort2007 Thijs van Montfort, Alexey A. Nabatov, Teunis B. H. Geijtenbeek, Georgios Pollakis, and William A. Paxton. Efficient Capture of Antibody Neutralized HIV-1 by Cells Expressing DC-SIGN and Transfer to CD4+ T Lymphocytes. J. Immunol., 178(5):3177-85, 1 Mar 2007. PubMed ID: 17312166. Show all entries for this paper.

vanMontfort2008 Thijs van Montfort, Adri A. M. Thomas, Georgios Pollakis, and William A. Paxton. Dendritic Cells Preferentially Transfer CXCR4-Using Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Variants to CD4+ T Lymphocytes in trans. J. Viro.l, 82(16):7886-7896, Aug 2008. PubMed ID: 18524826. Show all entries for this paper.

vanMontfort2011 Thijs van Montfort, Mark Melchers, Gözde Isik, Sergey Menis, Po-Ssu Huang, Katie Matthews, Elizabeth Michael, Ben Berkhout, William R. Schief, John P. Moore, and Rogier W. Sanders. A Chimeric HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Trimer with an Embedded Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor (GM-CSF) Domain Induces Enhanced Antibody and T Cell Responses. J. Biol. Chem., 286(25):22250-22261, 24 Jun 2011. PubMed ID: 21515681. Show all entries for this paper.

Varadarajan2005 Raghavan Varadarajan, Deepak Sharma, Kausik Chakraborty, Mayuri Patel, Michael Citron, Prem Sinha, Ramkishor Yadav, Umar Rashid, Sarah Kennedy, Debra Eckert, Romas Geleziunas, David Bramhill, William Schleif, Xiaoping Liang, and John Shiver. Characterization of gp120 and Its Single-Chain Derivatives, gp120-CD4D12 and gp120-M9: Implications for Targeting the CD4i Epitope in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Vaccine Design. J. Virol., 79(3):1713-1723, Feb 2005. PubMed ID: 15650196. Show all entries for this paper.

Veillette2014 Maxime Veillette, Anik Désormeaux, Halima Medjahed, Nour-Elhouda Gharsallah, Mathieu Coutu, Joshua Baalwa, Yongjun Guan, George Lewis, Guido Ferrari, Beatrice H. Hahn, Barton F. Haynes, James E. Robinson, Daniel E. Kaufmann, Mattia Bonsignori, Joseph Sodroski, and Andres Finzi. Interaction with Cellular CD4 Exposes HIV-1 Envelope Epitopes Targeted by Antibody-Dependent Cell-Mediated Cytotoxicity. J. Virol., 88(5):2633-2644, Mar 2014. PubMed ID: 24352444. Show all entries for this paper.

vonBredow2016 Benjamin von Bredow, Juan F. Arias, Lisa N. Heyer, Brian Moldt, Khoa Le, James E. Robinson, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Dennis R. Burton, and David T. Evans. Comparison of Antibody-Dependent Cell-Mediated Cytotoxicity and Virus Neutralization by HIV-1 Env-Specific Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 90(13):6127-6139, 1 Jul 2016. PubMed ID: 27122574. Show all entries for this paper.

Vu2006 John R. Vu, Timothy Fouts, Katherine Bobb, Jennifer Burns, Brenda McDermott, David I. Israel, Karla Godfrey, and Anthony DeVico. An Immunoglobulin Fusion Protein Based on the gp120-CD4 Receptor Complex Potently Inhibits Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 In Vitro. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 22(6):477-490, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16796521. Show all entries for this paper.

Walker2009a Laura M. Walker, Sanjay K. Phogat, Po-Ying Chan-Hui, Denise Wagner, Pham Phung, Julie L. Goss, Terri Wrin, Melissa D. Simek, Steven Fling, Jennifer L. Mitcham, Jennifer K. Lehrman, Frances H. Priddy, Ole A. Olsen, Steven M. Frey, Phillip W . Hammond, Protocol G Principal Investigators, Stephen Kaminsky, Timothy Zamb, Matthew Moyle, Wayne C. Koff, Pascal Poignard, and Dennis R. Burton. Broad and Potent Neutralizing Antibodies from an African Donor Reveal a new HIV-1 Vaccine Target. Science, 326(5950):285-289, 9 Oct 2009. PubMed ID: 19729618. Show all entries for this paper.

Wang2007a Bao-Zhong Wang, Weimin Liu, Sang-Moo Kang, Munir Alam, Chunzi Huang, Ling Ye, Yuliang Sun, Yingying Li, Denise L. Kothe, Peter Pushko, Terje Dokland, Barton F. Haynes, Gale Smith, Beatrice H. Hahn, and Richard W. Compans. Incorporation of High Levels of Chimeric Human Immunodeficiency Virus Envelope Glycoproteins into Virus-Like Particles. J. Virol., 81(20):10869-10878, Oct 2007. PubMed ID: 17670815. Show all entries for this paper.

Weinberg1997 J. Weinberg, H. X. Liao, J. V. Torres, T. J. Matthews, J. Robinson, and B. F. Haynes. Identification of a synthetic peptide that mimics an HIV glycoprotein 120 envelope conformational determinant exposed following ligation of glycoprotein 120 by CD4. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 13:657-64, 1997. PubMed ID: 9168234. Show all entries for this paper.

Wen2018 Yingxia Wen, Hung V. Trinh, Christine E Linton, Chiara Tani, Nathalie Norais, DeeAnn Martinez-Guzman, Priyanka Ramesh, Yide Sun, Frank Situ, Selen Karaca-Griffin, Christopher Hamlin, Sayali Onkar, Sai Tian, Susan Hilt, Padma Malyala, Rushit Lodaya, Ning Li, Gillis Otten, Giuseppe Palladino, Kristian Friedrich, Yukti Aggarwal, Celia LaBranche, Ryan Duffy, Xiaoying Shen, Georgia D. Tomaras, David C. Montefiori, William Fulp, Raphael Gottardo, Brian Burke, Jeffrey B. Ulmer, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Hua-Xin Liao, Barton F. Haynes, Nelson L. Michael, Jerome H. Kim, Mangala Rao, Robert J. O'Connell, Andrea Carfi, and Susan W. Barnett. Generation and Characterization of a Bivalent Protein Boost for Future Clinical Trials: HIV-1 Subtypes CR01\_AE and B gp120 Antigens with a Potent Adjuvant. PLoS One, 13(4):e0194266, 2018. PubMed ID: 29698406. Show all entries for this paper.

West2010 Anthony P. West, Jr., Rachel P. Galimidi, Christopher P. Foglesong, Priyanthi N. P. Gnanapragasam, Joshua S. Klein, and Pamela J. Bjorkman. Evaluation of CD4-CD4i Antibody Architectures Yields Potent, Broadly Cross-Reactive Anti-Human Immunodeficiency Virus Reagents. J. Virol., 84(1):261-269, Jan 2010. PubMed ID: 19864392. Show all entries for this paper.

West2013 Anthony P. West, Jr., Louise Scharf, Joshua Horwitz, Florian Klein, Michel C. Nussenzweig, and Pamela J. Bjorkman. Computational Analysis of Anti-HIV-1 Antibody Neutralization Panel Data to Identify Potential Functional Epitope Residues. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 110(26):10598-10603, 25 Jun 2013. PubMed ID: 23754383. Show all entries for this paper.

White2010 Tommi A. White, Alberto Bartesaghi, Mario J. Borgnia, Joel R. Meyerson, M. Jason V. de la Cruz, Julian W. Bess, Rachna Nandwani, James A. Hoxie, Jeffrey D. Lifson, Jacqueline L. S. Milne, and Sriram Subramaniam. Molecular Architectures of Trimeric SIV and HIV-1 Envelope Glycoproteins on Intact Viruses: Strain-Dependent Variation in Quaternary Structure. PLoS Pathog, 6(12):e1001249, 2010. PubMed ID: 21203482. Show all entries for this paper.

White2011 Tommi A. White, Alberto Bartesaghi, Mario J. Borgnia, M. Jason V. de la Cruz, Rachna Nandwani, James A. Hoxie, Julian W. Bess, Jeffrey D. Lifson, Jacqueline L. S. Milne, and Sriram Subramaniam. Three-Dimensional Structures of Soluble CD4-Bound States of Trimeric Simian Immunodeficiency Virus Envelope Glycoproteins Determined by Using Cryo-Electron Tomography. J. Virol., 85(23):12114-12123, Dec 2011. PubMed ID: 21937655. Show all entries for this paper.

Willey2008 Suzanne Willey and Marlén M. I. Aasa-Chapman. Humoral Immunity to HIV-1: Neutralisation and Antibody Effector Functions. Trends Microbiol., 16(12):596-604, Dec 2008. PubMed ID: 18964020. Show all entries for this paper.

Witt2017 Kristen C. Witt, Luis Castillo-Menendez, Haitao Ding, Nicole Espy, Shijian Zhang, John C. Kappes, and Joseph Sodroski. Antigenic Characterization of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1) Envelope Glycoprotein Precursor Incorporated into Nanodiscs. PLoS One, 12(2):e0170672, 2017. PubMed ID: 28151945. Show all entries for this paper.

Wright2012 Elizabeth R. Wright and Paul W. Spearman. Unraveling the Structural Basis of HIV-1 Neutralization. Future Microbiol., 7(11):1251-1254, Nov 2012. PubMed ID: 23075444. Show all entries for this paper.

Wu1996 L. Wu, N. P. Gerard, R. Wyatt, H. Choe, C. Parolin, N. Ruffing, A. Borsetti, A. A. Cardoso, E. Desjardin, W. Newman, C. Gerard, and J. Sodroski. CD4-Induced Interaction of Primary HIV-1 gp120 Glycoproteins with the Chemokine Receptor CCR-5. Nature, 384:179-183, 1996. Results suggest that HIV-1 attachment to CD4 creates a high-affinity binding site for CCR-5, leading to membrane fusion and virus entry. CD4-induced or V3 neutralizing MAbs block the interaction of gp120-CD4 complexes with CCR-5. PubMed ID: 8906795. Show all entries for this paper.

Wu2008 Xueling Wu, Anna Sambor, Martha C. Nason, Zhi-Yong Yang, Lan Wu, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Gary J. Nabel, and John R. Mascola. Soluble CD4 Broadens Neutralization of V3-Directed Monoclonal Antibodies and Guinea Pig Vaccine Sera against HIV-1 Subtype B and C Reference Viruses. Virology, 380(2):285-295, 25 Oct 2008. PubMed ID: 18804254. Show all entries for this paper.

Wu2009a Lan Wu, Tongqing Zhou, Zhi-yong Yang, Krisha Svehla, Sijy O'Dell, Mark K. Louder, Ling Xu, John R. Mascola, Dennis R. Burton, James A. Hoxie, Robert W. Doms, Peter D. Kwong, and Gary J. Nabel. Enhanced Exposure of the CD4-Binding Site to Neutralizing Antibodies by Structural Design of a Membrane-Anchored Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Domain. J. Virol., 83(10):5077-5086, May 2009. PubMed ID: 19264769. Show all entries for this paper.

Wu2010 Xueling Wu, Zhi-Yong Yang, Yuxing Li, Carl-Magnus Hogerkorp, William R. Schief, Michael S. Seaman, Tongqing Zhou, Stephen D. Schmidt, Lan Wu, Ling Xu, Nancy S. Longo, Krisha McKee, Sijy O'Dell, Mark K. Louder, Diane L. Wycuff, Yu Feng, Martha Nason, Nicole Doria-Rose, Mark Connors, Peter D. Kwong, Mario Roederer, Richard T. Wyatt, Gary J. Nabel, and John R. Mascola. Rational Design of Envelope Identifies Broadly Neutralizing Human Monoclonal Antibodies to HIV-1. Science, 329(5993):856-861, 13 Aug 2010. PubMed ID: 20616233. Show all entries for this paper.

Wu2011 Xueling Wu, Tongqing Zhou, Jiang Zhu, Baoshan Zhang, Ivelin Georgiev, Charlene Wang, Xuejun Chen, Nancy S. Longo, Mark Louder, Krisha McKee, Sijy O'Dell, Stephen Perfetto, Stephen D. Schmidt, Wei Shi, Lan Wu, Yongping Yang, Zhi-Yong Yang, Zhongjia Yang, Zhenhai Zhang, Mattia Bonsignori, John A. Crump, Saidi H. Kapiga, Noel E. Sam, Barton F. Haynes, Melissa Simek, Dennis R. Burton, Wayne C. Koff, Nicole A. Doria-Rose, Mark Connors, NISC Comparative Sequencing Program, James C. Mullikin, Gary J. Nabel, Mario Roederer, Lawrence Shapiro, Peter D. Kwong, and John R. Mascola. Focused Evolution of HIV-1 Neutralizing Antibodies Revealed by Structures and Deep Sequencing. Science, 333(6049):1593-1602, 16 Sep 2011. PubMed ID: 21835983. Show all entries for this paper.

Wyatt1995 R. Wyatt, J. Moore, M. Accola, E. Desjardin, J. Robinson, and J. Sodroski. Involvement of the V1/V2 Variable Loop Structure in the Exposure of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Epitopes Induced by Receptor Binding. J. Virol., 69:5723-5733, 1995. Deletions in the V1/V2 loops of gp120 resulted in the loss of the ability of sCD4 to induce binding of the MAbs 17b, 48d, and A32. A32 can induce binding of 17b and 48d; this induction does not appear to involve the V1/V2 regions. PubMed ID: 7543586. Show all entries for this paper.

Wyatt1997 R. Wyatt, E. Desjardin, U. Olshevsky, C. Nixon, J. Binley, V. Olshevsky, and J. Sodroski. Analysis of the Interaction of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Envelope Glycoprotein with the gp41 Transmembrane Glycoprotein. J. Virol., 71:9722-9731, 1997. This study characterized the binding of gp120 and gp41 by comparing Ab reactivity to soluble gp120 and to a soluble complex of gp120 and gp41 called sgp140. The occlusion of gp120 epitopes in the sgp140 complex provides a guide to the gp120 domains that interact with gp41, localizing them in C1 and C5 of gp120. Mutations that disrupt the binding of the occluded antibodies do not influence NAb binding or CD4 binding, thus if the gp41 binding domain is deleted, the immunologically desirable features of gp120 for vaccine design are still intact. PubMed ID: 9371638. Show all entries for this paper.

Wyatt1998 R. Wyatt, P. D. Kwong, E. Desjardins, R. W. Sweet, J. Robinson, W. A. Hendrickson, and J. G. Sodroski. The Antigenic Structure of the HIV gp120 Envelope Glycoprotein. Nature, 393:705-711, 1998. Comment in Nature 1998 Jun 18;393(6686):630-1. The spatial organization of the neutralizing epitopes of gp120 is described, based on epitope maps interpreted in the context of the X-ray crystal structure of a ternary complex that includes a gp120 core, CD4 and a neutralizing antibody. PubMed ID: 9641684. Show all entries for this paper.

Xiang2002 Shi-Hua. Xiang, Peter D. Kwong, Rishi Gupta, Carlo D. Rizzuto, David J. Casper, Richard Wyatt, Liping Wang, Wayne A. Hendrickson, Michael L. Doyle, and Joseph Sodroski. Mutagenic Stabilization and/or Disruption of a CD4-Bound State Reveals Distinct Conformations of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Envelope Glycoprotein. J. Virol., 76(19):9888-9899, Oct 2002. PubMed ID: 12208966. Show all entries for this paper.

Xiang2002b Shi-Hua Xiang, Najah Doka, Rabeéea K. Choudhary, Joseph Sodroski, and James E. Robinson. Characterization of CD4-Induced Epitopes on the HIV Type 1 gp120 Envelope Glycoprotein Recognized by Neutralizing Human Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 18(16):1207-1217, 1 Nov 2002. PubMed ID: 12487827. Show all entries for this paper.

Xiang2003 Shi-Hua Xiang, Liping Wang, Mariam Abreu, Chih-Chin Huang, Peter D. Kwong, Eric Rosenberg, James E. Robinson, and Joseph Sodroski. Epitope Mapping and Characterization of a Novel CD4-Induced Human Monoclonal Antibody Capable of Neutralizing Primary HIV-1 Strains. Virology, 315(1):124-134, 10 Oct 2003. PubMed ID: 14592765. Show all entries for this paper.

Xu2013 Xiao-Hong Nancy Xu, Zhaoyang Wen, and William J. Brownlow. Ultrasensitive Analysis of Binding Affinity of HIV Receptor and Neutralizing Antibody Using Solution-Phase Electrochemiluminescence Assay. J. Electroanal. Chem. (Lausanne), 688:53-60, 1 Jan 2013. PubMed ID: 23565071. Show all entries for this paper.

Yang2000 Xinzhen Yang, Michael Farzan, Richard Wyatt, and Joseph Sodroski. Characterization of Stable, Soluble Trimers Containing Complete Ectodomains of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Glycoproteins. J. Virol., 74(12):5716-5725, Jun 2000. PubMed ID: 10823881. Show all entries for this paper.

Yang2002 Xinzhen Yang, Juliette Lee, Erin M. Mahony, Peter D. Kwong, Richard Wyatt, and Joseph Sodroski. Highly Stable Trimers Formed by Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Glycoproteins Fused with the Trimeric Motif of T4 Bacteriophage Fibritin. J. Virol., 76(9):4634-4642, 1 May 2002. PubMed ID: 11932429. Show all entries for this paper.

Yang2005b Xinzhen Yang, Svetla Kurteva, Sandra Lee, and Joseph Sodroski. Stoichiometry of Antibody Neutralization of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. J. Virol., 79(6):3500-3508, Mar 2005. PubMed ID: 15731244. Show all entries for this paper.

York2001 J. York, K. E. Follis, M. Trahey, P. N. Nyambi, S. Zolla-Pazner, and J. H. Nunberg. Antibody binding and neutralization of primary and T-cell line-adapted isolates of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J. Virol., 75(6):2741--52, Mar 2001. URL: PubMed ID: 11222697. Show all entries for this paper.

Yoshimura2006 Kazuhisa Yoshimura, Junji Shibata, Tetsuya Kimura, Akiko Honda, Yosuke Maeda, Atsushi Koito, Toshio Murakami, Hiroaki Mitsuya, and Shuzo Matsushita. Resistance Profile of a Neutralizing Anti-HIV Monoclonal Antibody, KD-247, that Shows Favourable Synergism with Anti-CCR5 Inhibitors. AIDS, 20(16):2065-2073, 24 Oct 2006. PubMed ID: 17053352. Show all entries for this paper.

Yoshimura2010 Kazuhisa Yoshimura, Shigeyoshi Harada, Junji Shibata, Makiko Hatada, Yuko Yamada, Chihiro Ochiai, Hirokazu Tamamura, and Shuzo Matsushita. Enhanced Exposure of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolate Neutralization Epitopes through Binding of CD4 Mimetic Compounds. J. Virol., 84(15):7558-7568, Aug 2010. PubMed ID: 20504942. Show all entries for this paper.

Yuan2005 Wen Yuan, Stewart Craig, Xinzhen Yang, and Joseph Sodroski. Inter-Subunit Disulfide Bonds in Soluble HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Trimers. Virology, 332(1):369-383, 5 Feb 2005. PubMed ID: 15661168. Show all entries for this paper.

Yuan2006 Wen Yuan, Jessica Bazick, and Joseph Sodroski. Characterization of the Multiple Conformational States of Free Monomeric and Trimeric Human Immunodeficiency Virus Envelope Glycoproteins after Fixation by Cross-Linker. J. Virol., 80(14):6725-6737, Jul 2006. PubMed ID: 16809278. Show all entries for this paper.

Zhang2001a W. Zhang, A. P. Godillot, R. Wyatt, J. Sodroski, and I. Chaiken. Antibody 17b Binding at the Coreceptor Site Weakens the Kinetics of the Interaction of Envelope Glycoprotein gp120 with CD4. Biochemistry, 40(6):1662-1670, 13 Feb 2001. PubMed ID: 11327825. Show all entries for this paper.

Zhang2002 Peng Fei Zhang, Peter Bouma, Eun Ju Park, Joseph B. Margolick, James E. Robinson, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Michael N. Flora, and Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr. A Variable Region 3 (V3) Mutation Determines a Global Neutralization Phenotype and CD4-Independent Infectivity of a Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Associated with a Broadly Cross-Reactive, Primary Virus-Neutralizing Antibody Response. J. Virol., 76(2):644-655, Jan 2002. PubMed ID: 11752155. Show all entries for this paper.

Zhang2010 Mei-Yun Zhang, Andrew Rosa Borges, Roger G. Ptak, Yanping Wang, Antony S. Dimitrov, S. Munir Alam, Lindsay Wieczorek, Peter Bouma, Timothy Fouts, Shibo Jiang, Victoria R. Polonis, Barton F. Haynes, Gerald V. Quinnan, David C. Montefiori, and Dimiter S. Dimitrov. Potent and Broad Neutralizing Activity of a Single Chain Antibody Fragment against Cell-Free and Cell-Associated HIV-1. mAbs, 2(3):266-274, May-Jun 2010. PubMed ID: 20305395. Show all entries for this paper.

Zhou2007 Tongqing Zhou, Ling Xu, Barna Dey, Ann J. Hessell, Donald Van Ryk, Shi-Hua Xiang, Xinzhen Yang, Mei-Yun Zhang, Michael B. Zwick, James Arthos, Dennis R. Burton, Dimiter S. Dimitrov, Joseph Sodroski, Richard Wyatt, Gary J. Nabel, and Peter D. Kwong. Structural Definition of a Conserved Neutralization Epitope on HIV-1 gp120. Nature, 445(7129):732-737, 15 Feb 2007. PubMed ID: 17301785. Show all entries for this paper.

Zhou2010 Tongqing Zhou, Ivelin Georgiev, Xueling Wu, Zhi-Yong Yang, Kaifan Dai, Andrés Finzi, Young Do Kwon, Johannes F. Scheid, Wei Shi, Ling Xu, Yongping Yang, Jiang Zhu, Michel C. Nussenzweig, Joseph Sodroski, Lawrence Shapiro, Gary J. Nabel, John R. Mascola, and Peter D. Kwong. Structural Basis for Broad and Potent Neutralization of HIV-1 by Antibody VRC01. Science, 329(5993):811-817, 13 Aug 2010. PubMed ID: 20616231. Show all entries for this paper.

Zhu2003 Chongbin Zhu, Thomas J. Matthews, and Chin Ho Chen. Neutralization Epitopes of the HIV-1 Primary Isolate DH012. Vaccine, 21(23):3301-3306, 4 Jul 2003. PubMed ID: 12804861. Show all entries for this paper.

Zwick2003a Michael B. Zwick, Robert Kelleher, Richard Jensen, Aran F. Labrijn, Meng Wang, Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr., Paul W. H. I. Parren, and Dennis R. Burton. A Novel Human Antibody against Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Is V1, V2, and V3 Loop Dependent and Helps Delimit the Epitope of the Broadly Neutralizing Antibody Immunoglobulin G1 b12. J. Virol., 77(12):6965-6978, Jun 2003. PubMed ID: 12768015. Show all entries for this paper.

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