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Displaying record number 561

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MAb ID M91
HXB2 Location gp160(461-470)
DNA(7605..7634)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120(451-470 LAI)
Research Contact Fulvia di Marzo Veronese
Epitope SNNESEIFRL Epitope Alignment
SNNESEIFRL epitope logo
Subtype B
Ab Type gp120 V5-C5
Neutralizing  
Species (Isotype) rat(IgG2a)
Patient  
Immunogen vaccine
Keywords antibody interactions

Vaccine Details

Vaccine type protein
Vaccine component Env

Notes

Showing 7 of 7 notes.

References

Showing 8 of 8 references.

Veronese1992 F. di Marzo Veronese, R. Rahman, R. Pal, C. Boyer, J. Romano, V. S. Kalyanaraman, B. C. Nair, R. C. Gallo, and M. G. Sarngadharan. Delineation of immunoreactive, conserved regions in the external envelope glycoprotein of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 8:1125-1132, 1992. PubMed ID: 1380259. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1994a J. P. Moore, Q. J. Sattentau, R. Wyatt, and J. Sodroski. Probing the Structure of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Surface Glycoprotein gp120 with a Panel of Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 68:469-484, 1994. This study compared a large number of MAbs that bind to linear epitopes of gp120, and compared binding affinities for: i) native and SDS-DDT denatured gp120, (clone BH10 of the LAI isolate expressed in CHO cells); ii) recombinant gp120 lacking the V1, V2, V3 loops; iii) a panel of 20 mer peptides; iv) a panel of gp120 mutants; and v) oligomeric versus monomeric gp120. The binding ratio of native versus denatured monomeric gp120 is included in the table in this database. These numbers should be considered with the following points in mind: a continuous epitope may be partially exposed on the surface; and a preparation of rgp120 is not homogeneous and contains fully folded, partly denatured, and some completely unfolded species, so the conformation of what is considered to be a native protein will not only reflect fully folded gp120. The authors suggest that a fivefold increase in the affinity for a MAb binding to denatured versus native gp120 indicates that the epitope is inaccessible in the native form. We also have included here information extracted from Moore et al's list of the gp120 mutations that reduced the binding of a particular MAb. In mapping of exposed regions of gp120, C2, C3, and C5 domain epitopes were found to bind preferentially to denatured gp120. V1, V2 and V3, part of C4, and the extreme carboxy terminus of C5 were exposed on the native monomer. In the oligomeric form of the molecule, only V2, V3 and part of C4 are well exposed as continuous epitopes. PubMed ID: 7504741. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1994c J. P. Moore, R. L. Willey, G. K. Lewis, J. Robinson, and J. Sodroski. Immunological evidence for interactions between the first, second and fifth conserved domains of the gp120 surface glycoprotein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J. Virol., 68:6836-6847, 1994. Mutation 267N/Q in C2 region results in exposing the carboxy-terminal end gp120. PubMed ID: 7933065. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1996 J. P. Moore and J. Sodroski. Antibody cross-competition analysis of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp120 exterior envelope glycoprotein. J. Virol., 70:1863-1872, 1996. 46 anti-gp120 monomer MAbs were used to create a competition matrix, and MAb competition groups were defined. The data suggests that there are two faces of the gp120 glycoprotein: a face occupied by the CD4BS, which is presumably also exposed on the oligomeric envelope glycoprotein complex, and a second face which is presumably inaccessible on the oligomer and interacts with a number of nonneutralizing antibodies. PubMed ID: 8627711. Show all entries for this paper.

Ditzel1997 H. J. Ditzel, P. W. Parren, J. M. Binley, J. Sodroski, J. P. Moore, C. F. Barbas, III, and D. R. Burton. Mapping the Protein Surface of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Using Human Monoclonal Antibodies from Phage Display Libraries. J. Mol. Biol., 267:684-695, 1997. (Genbank: U82767 U82768 U82769 U82770 U82771 U82772 U82942 U82943 U82944 U82945 U82946 U82947 U82948 U82949 U82950 U82951 U82952 U82961 U82962) Recombinant monoclonal antibodies from phage display libraries provide a method for Env surface epitope mapping. Diverse epitopes are accessed by presenting gp120 to the library in different forms, such as sequential masking of epitopes with existing MAbs or sCD4 prior to selection or by selection on peptides. Fabs identified by these methods have specificities associated with epitopes presented poorly on native multimeric envelope. PubMed ID: 9126846. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley1998 J. M. Binley, R. Wyatt, E. Desjardins, P. D. Kwong, W. Hendrickson, J. P. Moore, and J. Sodroski. Analysis of the Interaction of Antibodies with a Conserved Enzymatically Deglycosylated Core of the HIV Type 1 Envelope Glycoprotein 120. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 14:191-198, 1998. This paper helped showed the biological relevance of a deglycosylated variable loop deleted form of the core gp120. PubMed ID: 9491908. Show all entries for this paper.

Yang2000 Xinzhen Yang, Michael Farzan, Richard Wyatt, and Joseph Sodroski. Characterization of Stable, Soluble Trimers Containing Complete Ectodomains of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Glycoproteins. J. Virol., 74(12):5716-5725, Jun 2000. PubMed ID: 10823881. Show all entries for this paper.

Zwick2003a Michael B. Zwick, Robert Kelleher, Richard Jensen, Aran F. Labrijn, Meng Wang, Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr., Paul W. H. I. Parren, and Dennis R. Burton. A Novel Human Antibody against Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Is V1, V2, and V3 Loop Dependent and Helps Delimit the Epitope of the Broadly Neutralizing Antibody Immunoglobulin G1 b12. J. Virol., 77(12):6965-6978, Jun 2003. PubMed ID: 12768015. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 562

Download this epitope record as JSON.

MAb ID CRA1 (CRA-1, CRA1(ARP 323))
HXB2 Location gp160(461-470)
DNA(7605..7634)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120(451-470 LAI)
Research Contact M. Page, NIBSC, UK
Epitope SNNESEIFRL Epitope Alignment
SNNESEIFRL epitope logo
Subtype B
Ab Type gp120 V5-C5
Neutralizing  
Species (Isotype) mouse(IgG)
Patient  
Immunogen vaccine
Keywords antibody binding site, antibody interactions

Vaccine Details

Vaccine type protein
Vaccine strain B clade LAI
Vaccine component Env

Notes

Showing 9 of 9 notes.

References

Showing 8 of 8 references.

Moore1993a J. P. Moore and D. D. Ho. Antibodies to discontinuous or conformationally sensitive epitopes on the gp120 glycoprotein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 are highly prevalent in sera of infected humans. J. Virol., 67:863-875, 1993. CD4BS antibodies are prevalent in HIV-1-positive sera, while neutralizing MAbs to C4, V2, and V3 and MAbs to linear epitopes are less common. Most linear epitope MAbs in human sera are directed against the V3 region, and cross-reactive MAbs tend to be directed against discontinuous epitopes. PubMed ID: 7678308. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1994c J. P. Moore, R. L. Willey, G. K. Lewis, J. Robinson, and J. Sodroski. Immunological evidence for interactions between the first, second and fifth conserved domains of the gp120 surface glycoprotein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J. Virol., 68:6836-6847, 1994. Mutation 267N/Q in C2 region results in exposing the carboxy-terminal end gp120. PubMed ID: 7933065. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1994a J. P. Moore, Q. J. Sattentau, R. Wyatt, and J. Sodroski. Probing the Structure of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Surface Glycoprotein gp120 with a Panel of Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 68:469-484, 1994. This study compared a large number of MAbs that bind to linear epitopes of gp120, and compared binding affinities for: i) native and SDS-DDT denatured gp120, (clone BH10 of the LAI isolate expressed in CHO cells); ii) recombinant gp120 lacking the V1, V2, V3 loops; iii) a panel of 20 mer peptides; iv) a panel of gp120 mutants; and v) oligomeric versus monomeric gp120. The binding ratio of native versus denatured monomeric gp120 is included in the table in this database. These numbers should be considered with the following points in mind: a continuous epitope may be partially exposed on the surface; and a preparation of rgp120 is not homogeneous and contains fully folded, partly denatured, and some completely unfolded species, so the conformation of what is considered to be a native protein will not only reflect fully folded gp120. The authors suggest that a fivefold increase in the affinity for a MAb binding to denatured versus native gp120 indicates that the epitope is inaccessible in the native form. We also have included here information extracted from Moore et al's list of the gp120 mutations that reduced the binding of a particular MAb. In mapping of exposed regions of gp120, C2, C3, and C5 domain epitopes were found to bind preferentially to denatured gp120. V1, V2 and V3, part of C4, and the extreme carboxy terminus of C5 were exposed on the native monomer. In the oligomeric form of the molecule, only V2, V3 and part of C4 are well exposed as continuous epitopes. PubMed ID: 7504741. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1996 J. P. Moore and J. Sodroski. Antibody cross-competition analysis of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp120 exterior envelope glycoprotein. J. Virol., 70:1863-1872, 1996. 46 anti-gp120 monomer MAbs were used to create a competition matrix, and MAb competition groups were defined. The data suggests that there are two faces of the gp120 glycoprotein: a face occupied by the CD4BS, which is presumably also exposed on the oligomeric envelope glycoprotein complex, and a second face which is presumably inaccessible on the oligomer and interacts with a number of nonneutralizing antibodies. PubMed ID: 8627711. Show all entries for this paper.

Trkola1996b A. Trkola, T. Dragic, J. Arthos, J. M. Binley, W. C. Olson, G. P. Allaway, C. Cheng-Mayer, J. Robinson, P. J. Maddon, and J. P. Moore. CD4-Dependent, Antibody-Sensitive Interactions between HIV-1 and Its Co-Receptor CCR-5. Nature, 384:184-187, 1996. CCR-5 is a co-factor for fusion of HIV-1 strains of the non-syncytium-inducing (NSI) phenotype with CD4+ T-cells. CD4 binding greatly increases the efficiency of gp120-CCR-5 interaction. Neutralizing MAbs against the V3 loop and CD4-induced epitopes on gp120 inhibited the interaction of gp120 with CCR-5, without affecting gp120-CD4 binding. PubMed ID: 8906796. Show all entries for this paper.

Yang2000 Xinzhen Yang, Michael Farzan, Richard Wyatt, and Joseph Sodroski. Characterization of Stable, Soluble Trimers Containing Complete Ectodomains of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Glycoproteins. J. Virol., 74(12):5716-5725, Jun 2000. PubMed ID: 10823881. Show all entries for this paper.

Koefoed2005 Klaus Koefoed, Lauge Farnaes, Meng Wang, Arne Svejgaard, Dennis R. Burton, and Henrik J. Ditzel. Molecular Characterization of the Circulating Anti-HIV-1 gp120-Specific B Cell Repertoire using Antibody Phage Display Libraries Generated from Pre-Selected HIV-1 gp120 Binding PBLs. J. Immunol. Methods, 297(1-2):187-201, Feb 2005. PubMed ID: 15777942. Show all entries for this paper.

Vincent2012 Nadine Vincent and Etienne Malvoisin. Ability of Antibodies Specific to the HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein to Block the Fusion Inhibitor T20 in a Cell-Cell Fusion Assay. Immunobiology, 217(10):943-950, Oct 2012. PubMed ID: 22387075. Show all entries for this paper.


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