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MAb ID 178.1 (178.1.1)
HXB2 Location gp160(305-309)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120(305-309 BH10)
Research Contact C. Thiriart, Smith Kline and MRC AIDS reagent project
Epitope KSIRI Epitope Alignment
KSIRI epitope logo
Ab Type gp120 V3 // V3 glycan (V3g)
Neutralizing L
Species (Isotype) mouse(IgG2a)
Immunogen vaccine
Keywords antibody binding site, antibody interactions, contact residues, dendritic cells, neutralization, novel epitope, optimal epitope

Vaccine Details

Vaccine type protein
Vaccine strain B clade IIIB
Vaccine component Env


Showing 7 of 7 notes.


Showing 6 of 6 references.

Back1993 N. K. T. Back, L. Smit, M. Schutten, P. L. Nara, M. Tersmette, and J. Goudsmit. Mutations in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp41 Affect Sensitivity to Neutralization by gp120 Antibodies. J. Virol., 67:6897-6902, 1993. Three closely related clones were derived from a neutralization resistant IIIB isolate that had been passaged in a chimpanzee. gp41 mutations were shown to profoundly alter the ability of V3 loop MAbs 5023 and 178.1 to neutralize. Critical substitutions in gp41 were 668 and 675, close to the immunogenic domain 662-668, or ELDKWAS. Less profound inhibition was observed for the anti-CD4 binding site MAb GP13. PubMed ID: 8411395. Show all entries for this paper.

Cook1994 D. G. Cook, J. Fantini, S. L. Spitalnik, and F. Gonzalez-Scarano. Binding of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 HIV-1 gp120 to Galactosylceramide (GalCer): Relationship to the V3 Loop. Virol., 201:206-214, 1994. Antibodies against GalCer can block infection of CD4-negative cells from the brain and colon that are susceptible to HIV infection. This paper explores the ability of a panel of MAbs to inhibit binding of gp120 to GalCer, and also of the binding of GalCer to inhibit MAb-gp120 interaction. MAbs to the V3 loop and GalCer showed mutual inhibition of binding to gp120, and anti-CD4 binding site MAbs showed reduced inhibition. N- and C-terminal MAbs didn't influence GalCer binding. PubMed ID: 8184533. Show all entries for this paper.

Holl2006 Vincent Holl, Maryse Peressin, Thomas Decoville, Sylvie Schmidt, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Anne-Marie Aubertin, and Christiane Moog. Nonneutralizing Antibodies Are Able To Inhibit Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication in Macrophages and Immature Dendritic Cells. J. Virol., 80(12):6177-6181, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16731957. Show all entries for this paper.

Langedijk1992 J. P. M. Langedijk, N. K. T. Back, E. Kinney-Thomas, C. Bruck, M. Francotte, J. Goudsmit, and R. H. Meloen. Comparison and Fine Mapping of Both High and Low Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibodies against the Principal Neutralization Domain of HIV-1. Arch. Virol., 126:129-146, 1992. PubMed ID: 1381908. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1993a J. P. Moore and D. D. Ho. Antibodies to discontinuous or conformationally sensitive epitopes on the gp120 glycoprotein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 are highly prevalent in sera of infected humans. J. Virol., 67:863-875, 1993. CD4BS antibodies are prevalent in HIV-1-positive sera, while neutralizing MAbs to C4, V2, and V3 and MAbs to linear epitopes are less common. Most linear epitope MAbs in human sera are directed against the V3 region, and cross-reactive MAbs tend to be directed against discontinuous epitopes. PubMed ID: 7678308. Show all entries for this paper.

Thiriart1989 C. Thiriart, M. Francotte, J. Cohen, C. Collignon, A. Delers, S. Kummert, C. Molitor, D. Gilles, P. Roelants, F. Van Wijnendaele, M. De Wilde, and C. Bruck. Several Antigenic Determinants Exposed on the gp120 Moiety of HIV-1 gp160 Are Hidden on the Mature gp120. J. Immunol., 143:1832-1836, 1989. PubMed ID: 2476484. Show all entries for this paper.

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