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Displaying record number 565

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MAb ID 42F
HXB2 Location gp160(491-500)
DNA(7695..7724)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120(491-500 HXB2)
Epitope IEPLGVAPTK Epitope Alignment
IEPLGVAPTK epitope logo
Subtype B
Ab Type gp120 C5
Neutralizing  
Species (Isotype) human(IgG1λ)
Patient  
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords ADCC, review

Notes

Showing 4 of 4 notes.

References

Showing 4 of 4 references.

Alsmadi1997 O. Alsmadi, R. Herz, E. Murphy, A. Pinter, and S. A. Tilley. A novel antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity epitope in gp120 is identified by two monoclonal antibodies isolated from a long-term survivor of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection. J. Virol., 71:925-33, 1997. PubMed ID: 8995609. Show all entries for this paper.

Alsmadi1998 O. Alsmadi and S. A. Tilley. Antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity directed against cells expressing human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Envelope of primary or laboratory-adapted strains by human and chimpanzee monoclonal antibodies of different epitope specificities. J. Virol., 72:286-93, 1998. PubMed ID: 9420226. Show all entries for this paper.

Maksiutov2002 A. Z. Maksiutov, A. G. Bachinskii, and S. I. Bazhan. [Searching for Local Similarities Between HIV-1 and Human Proteins. Application to Vaccines]. Mol Biol (Mosk), 36(3):447-459, May-Jun 2002. Article in Russian. PubMed ID: 12068630. Show all entries for this paper.

Pollara2013 Justin Pollara, Mattia Bonsignori, M. Anthony Moody, Marzena Pazgier, Barton F. Haynes, and Guido Ferrari. Epitope Specificity of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Antibody Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity (ADCC) Responses. Curr. HIV Res., 11(5):378-387, Jul 2013. PubMed ID: 24191939. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 577

Download this epitope record as JSON.

MAb ID 43F
HXB2 Location gp160(491-500)
DNA(7695..7724)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120(491-500 HXB2)
Epitope IEPLGVAPTK Epitope Alignment
IEPLGVAPTK epitope logo
Subtype B
Ab Type gp120 C5
Neutralizing  
Species (Isotype) human(IgG1λ)
Patient  
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords ADCC, review

Notes

Showing 3 of 3 notes.

References

Showing 3 of 3 references.

Alsmadi1997 O. Alsmadi, R. Herz, E. Murphy, A. Pinter, and S. A. Tilley. A novel antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity epitope in gp120 is identified by two monoclonal antibodies isolated from a long-term survivor of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection. J. Virol., 71:925-33, 1997. PubMed ID: 8995609. Show all entries for this paper.

Maksiutov2002 A. Z. Maksiutov, A. G. Bachinskii, and S. I. Bazhan. [Searching for Local Similarities Between HIV-1 and Human Proteins. Application to Vaccines]. Mol Biol (Mosk), 36(3):447-459, May-Jun 2002. Article in Russian. PubMed ID: 12068630. Show all entries for this paper.

Pollara2013 Justin Pollara, Mattia Bonsignori, M. Anthony Moody, Marzena Pazgier, Barton F. Haynes, and Guido Ferrari. Epitope Specificity of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Antibody Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity (ADCC) Responses. Curr. HIV Res., 11(5):378-387, Jul 2013. PubMed ID: 24191939. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 580

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MAb ID RV110026
HXB2 Location gp160(491-500)
DNA(7695..7724)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120(491-500 LAI)
Research Contact Commercial, Olympus Inc
Epitope IEPLGVAPTK Epitope Alignment
IEPLGVAPTK epitope logo
Subtype B
Ab Type gp120 C5
Neutralizing  
Species (Isotype) human
Patient  
Immunogen vaccine
Keywords  

Vaccine Details

Vaccine type peptide
Vaccine strain B clade LAI

Notes

Showing 2 of 2 notes.

References

Showing 3 of 3 references.

Moore1994a J. P. Moore, Q. J. Sattentau, R. Wyatt, and J. Sodroski. Probing the Structure of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Surface Glycoprotein gp120 with a Panel of Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 68:469-484, 1994. This study compared a large number of MAbs that bind to linear epitopes of gp120, and compared binding affinities for: i) native and SDS-DDT denatured gp120, (clone BH10 of the LAI isolate expressed in CHO cells); ii) recombinant gp120 lacking the V1, V2, V3 loops; iii) a panel of 20 mer peptides; iv) a panel of gp120 mutants; and v) oligomeric versus monomeric gp120. The binding ratio of native versus denatured monomeric gp120 is included in the table in this database. These numbers should be considered with the following points in mind: a continuous epitope may be partially exposed on the surface; and a preparation of rgp120 is not homogeneous and contains fully folded, partly denatured, and some completely unfolded species, so the conformation of what is considered to be a native protein will not only reflect fully folded gp120. The authors suggest that a fivefold increase in the affinity for a MAb binding to denatured versus native gp120 indicates that the epitope is inaccessible in the native form. We also have included here information extracted from Moore et al's list of the gp120 mutations that reduced the binding of a particular MAb. In mapping of exposed regions of gp120, C2, C3, and C5 domain epitopes were found to bind preferentially to denatured gp120. V1, V2 and V3, part of C4, and the extreme carboxy terminus of C5 were exposed on the native monomer. In the oligomeric form of the molecule, only V2, V3 and part of C4 are well exposed as continuous epitopes. PubMed ID: 7504741. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1994c J. P. Moore, R. L. Willey, G. K. Lewis, J. Robinson, and J. Sodroski. Immunological evidence for interactions between the first, second and fifth conserved domains of the gp120 surface glycoprotein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J. Virol., 68:6836-6847, 1994. Mutation 267N/Q in C2 region results in exposing the carboxy-terminal end gp120. PubMed ID: 7933065. Show all entries for this paper.

Maksiutov2002 A. Z. Maksiutov, A. G. Bachinskii, and S. I. Bazhan. [Searching for Local Similarities Between HIV-1 and Human Proteins. Application to Vaccines]. Mol Biol (Mosk), 36(3):447-459, May-Jun 2002. Article in Russian. PubMed ID: 12068630. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 581

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MAb ID 110.1 (110-1)
HXB2 Location gp160(491-500)
DNA(7695..7724)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120(491-500 LAI)
Research Contact Genetic Systems Corp, Seattle WA, E. Kinney-Thomas
Epitope IEPLGVAPTK Epitope Alignment
IEPLGVAPTK epitope logo
Subtype B
Ab Type gp120 C5
Neutralizing  
Species (Isotype) mouse(IgG1κ)
Patient  
Immunogen vaccine
Keywords antibody binding site, antibody generation, immunotoxin

Vaccine Details

Vaccine type HIV infected-cell lysate
Vaccine strain B clade BRU
Vaccine component HIV-1

Notes

Showing 11 of 11 notes.

References

Showing 12 of 12 references.

Isolation Paper
Gosting1987 L. H. Gosting, J. McClure, E. S. Dickinson, S. M. Watanabe, K. Shriver, and L. C. Goldstein. Monoclonal antibodies to gp110 and gp41 of human immunodeficiency virus. J. Clin. Microbiol., 25:845-848, 1987. PubMed ID: 2438302. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley1997 J. M. Binley, H. Arshad, T. R. Fouts, and J. P. Moore. An investigation of the high avidity antibody response to gp120 of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 13:1007-1015, 1997. PubMed ID: 9264287. Show all entries for this paper.

Callahan1991 Lawrence N. Callahan, Michael Phelan, Margherita Mallinson, and Michael A. Norcross. Dextran Sulfate Blocks Antibody Binding to the Principal Neutralizing Domain of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 without Interfering with gp120-CD4 Interactions. J. Virol., 65(3):1543-1550, Mar 1991. PubMed ID: 1995952. Show all entries for this paper.

Cook1994 D. G. Cook, J. Fantini, S. L. Spitalnik, and F. Gonzalez-Scarano. Binding of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 HIV-1 gp120 to Galactosylceramide (GalCer): Relationship to the V3 Loop. Virol., 201:206-214, 1994. Antibodies against GalCer can block infection of CD4-negative cells from the brain and colon that are susceptible to HIV infection. This paper explores the ability of a panel of MAbs to inhibit binding of gp120 to GalCer, and also of the binding of GalCer to inhibit MAb-gp120 interaction. MAbs to the V3 loop and GalCer showed mutual inhibition of binding to gp120, and anti-CD4 binding site MAbs showed reduced inhibition. N- and C-terminal MAbs didn't influence GalCer binding. PubMed ID: 8184533. Show all entries for this paper.

Kanduc2008 Darja Kanduc, Rosario Serpico, Alberta Lucchese, and Yehuda Shoenfeld. Correlating Low-Similarity Peptide Sequences and HIV B-Cell Epitopes. Autoimmun. Rev., 7(4):291-296, Feb 2008. PubMed ID: 18295732. Show all entries for this paper.

Linsley1988 P. S. Linsley, J. A. Ledbetter, E. Kinney-Thomas, and S.-L. Hu. Effects of Anti-gp120 Monoclonal Antibodies on CD4 Receptor Binding by the env Protein of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. J. Virol., 62:3695-3702, 1988. PubMed ID: 2458487. Show all entries for this paper.

Maksiutov2002 A. Z. Maksiutov, A. G. Bachinskii, and S. I. Bazhan. [Searching for Local Similarities Between HIV-1 and Human Proteins. Application to Vaccines]. Mol Biol (Mosk), 36(3):447-459, May-Jun 2002. Article in Russian. PubMed ID: 12068630. Show all entries for this paper.

McDougal1996 J. S. McDougal, M. S. Kennedy, S. L. Orloff, J. K. A. Nicholson, and T. J. Spira. Mechanisms of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Neutralization: Irreversible Inactivation of Infectivity by Anti-HIV-1 Antibody. J. Virol., 70:5236-5245, 1996. Studies of polyclonal sera autologous virus inactivation indicates that in individuals over time, viral populations emerge that are resistant to inactivating effects of earlier sera. PubMed ID: 8764033. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1994a J. P. Moore, Q. J. Sattentau, R. Wyatt, and J. Sodroski. Probing the Structure of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Surface Glycoprotein gp120 with a Panel of Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 68:469-484, 1994. This study compared a large number of MAbs that bind to linear epitopes of gp120, and compared binding affinities for: i) native and SDS-DDT denatured gp120, (clone BH10 of the LAI isolate expressed in CHO cells); ii) recombinant gp120 lacking the V1, V2, V3 loops; iii) a panel of 20 mer peptides; iv) a panel of gp120 mutants; and v) oligomeric versus monomeric gp120. The binding ratio of native versus denatured monomeric gp120 is included in the table in this database. These numbers should be considered with the following points in mind: a continuous epitope may be partially exposed on the surface; and a preparation of rgp120 is not homogeneous and contains fully folded, partly denatured, and some completely unfolded species, so the conformation of what is considered to be a native protein will not only reflect fully folded gp120. The authors suggest that a fivefold increase in the affinity for a MAb binding to denatured versus native gp120 indicates that the epitope is inaccessible in the native form. We also have included here information extracted from Moore et al's list of the gp120 mutations that reduced the binding of a particular MAb. In mapping of exposed regions of gp120, C2, C3, and C5 domain epitopes were found to bind preferentially to denatured gp120. V1, V2 and V3, part of C4, and the extreme carboxy terminus of C5 were exposed on the native monomer. In the oligomeric form of the molecule, only V2, V3 and part of C4 are well exposed as continuous epitopes. PubMed ID: 7504741. Show all entries for this paper.

Pincus1991 S. H. Pincus, R. L. Cole, E. M. Hersh, D. Lake, Y. Masuho, P. J. Durda, and J. McClure. In Vitro Efficacy of Anti-HIV Immunotoxins Targeted by Various Antibodies to the Envelope Protein. J. Immunol., 146:4315-4324, 1991. Six MAbs, (907, 924, 110.1, 41.1, 86 and P5-3) and polyclonal pooled serum antibodies purified on gp160 were coupled to RAC to create immunotoxins. Only 41.1-RAC, an anti-gp41 MAb-immunotoxin and the polyclonal immunotoxin showed direct activity against multiple strains, and activity of an immunotoxin was found not to be directly correlated with cell surface binding. PubMed ID: 1710247. Show all entries for this paper.

Thomas1988 E. Kinney Thomas, J. N. Weber, J. McClure, P. R. Clapham, M. C. Singhal, M. K. Shriver, and R. A. Weiss. Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibodies to the AIDS Virus. AIDS, 2:25-29, 1988. PubMed ID: 2451922. Show all entries for this paper.

Valenzuela1998 A. Valenzuela, J. Blanco, B. Krust, R. Franco, and A. G. Hovanessian. Neutralizing Antibodies against the V3 Loop of Human Immunodeficiency Type 1 gp120 Block the CD4-Dependent and Independent Binding of the Virus to Cells. J. Virol., 71:8289-8298, 1998. PubMed ID: 9343181. Show all entries for this paper.


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