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Displaying record number 509

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MAb ID 902 (H902)
HXB2 Location gp160(313-324)
DNA(7161..7196)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120( IIIB)
Research Contact Bruce Chesebro, Rocky Mountain National Laboratory, Montana
Epitope PGRAFVTIGKIG Epitope Alignment
PGRAFVTIGKIG epitope logo
Ab Type gp120 V3 // V3 glycan (V3g)
Neutralizing L
Species (Isotype) mouse(IgG1κ)
Patient  
Immunogen vaccine
Keywords antibody binding site, neutralization, rate of progression

Vaccine Details

Vaccine type vaccinia
Vaccine strain B clade IIIB
Vaccine component gp160

Notes

Showing 8 of 8 notes.

References

Showing 9 of 9 references.

Chesebro1988 B. Chesebro and K. Wehrly. Development of a Sensitive Quantitative Focal Assay for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infectivity. J. Virol., 62:3779-3788, 1988. PubMed ID: 3047430. Show all entries for this paper.

Laman1993 J. D. Laman, M. M. Schellekens, G. K. Lewis, J. P. Moore, T. J. Matthews, J. P. M. Langedijk, R. H. Meloen, W. J. A. Boersma, and E. Claassen. A Hidden Region in the Third Variable Domain of HIV-1 IIIB gp120 Identified by a Monoclonal Antibody. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 9:605-612, 1993. A peptide (FVTIGKIGNMRQAHC) induced MAb binds to the carboxy-terminal flank of the V3-loop, but the epitope is only exposed on gp120 when it is treated with SDS-DTT. PubMed ID: 8369165. Show all entries for this paper.

Broder1994 C.C. Broder, P.L. Earl, D. Long, S.T. Abedon, B. Moss, and R.W. Doms. Antigenic implications of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope quaternary structure: Oligomer-specific and -sensitive monoclonal antibodies. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 91:11699-11703, 1994. 35 anti-gp41 and 27 anti-gp120 murine MAbs generated by immunization with oligomeric HIV-1 IIIB envelope were studied. These MAbs tended to react with conformational epitopes. 21 of the anti-gp41 MAbs reacted preferentially with oligomeric env, while only 1 of the anti-gp120 MAbs reacted more strongly with the oligomer, and 14 of the anti-gp120 preferentially recognized monomeric env. PubMed ID: 7972127. Show all entries for this paper.

Earl1994 P. L. Earl, C. C. Broder, D. Long, S. A. Lee, J. Peterson, S. Chakrabarti, R. W. Doms, and B. Moss. Native oligomeric human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Envelope glycoprotein elicits diverse monoclonal antibody reactivities. J. Virol., 68:3015-3026, 1994. In a study of the repertoire of response to oligomeric versus monomeric Env protein, 138 murine MAbs were generated in response to an immunogen that was a gp120/bp41 oligomeric molecule that was not cleaved due to a mutation in the cleavage site. The oligomeric molecule was found to elicit a response that was very different than the monomer. Most MAbs were conformational, many were to gp41 or if in gp120, to the CD4 BS. Few MAbs to linear V3 epitopes were produced in response to oligomeric protein, though this was a common specificity in response to immunization with gp120 monomeric protein. PubMed ID: 7512157. Show all entries for this paper.

Sakaida1997 H. Sakaida, T. Murakami, S. Kawamata, T. Hattori, and T. Uchiyama. V3 Loop of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Suppresses Interleukin 2-Induced T Cell Growth. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 13:151-159, 1997. See comments in AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 13:633 (1997). PubMed ID: 9007200. Show all entries for this paper.

Ling2004 Hong Ling, Peng Xiao, Osamu Usami, and Toshio Hattori. Thrombin Activates Envelope Glycoproteins of HIV Type 1 and Enhances Fusion. Microbes Infect., 6(5):414-420, Apr 2004. PubMed ID: 15109955. Show all entries for this paper.

Usami2005 Osamu Usami, Peng Xiao, Hong Ling, Yi Liu, Tadashi Nakasone, and Toshio Hattori. Properties of Anti-gp41 Core Structure Antibodies, Which Compete with Sera of HIV-1-Infected Patients. Microbes Infect., 7(4):650-657, Apr 2005. PubMed ID: 15823513. Show all entries for this paper.

Bosch2009 Valerie Bosch, Tanya Pfeiffer, Gerard Devitt, Ina Allespach, Thomas Ebensen, Vanessa Emerson, Carlos A. Guzman, and Oliver T. Keppler. HIV Pseudovirion Vaccine Exposing Env ``fusion intermediates''---Response to Immunisation in Human CD4/CCR5-Transgenic Rats. Vaccine, 27(16):2202-2212, 6 Apr 2009. PubMed ID: 19428834. Show all entries for this paper.

Mizukami1988 Tamio Mizukami, Thomas R. Fuerst, Edward A. Berger, and Bernard Moss. Binding Region for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Epitopes for HIV-Blocking Monoclonal Antibodies of the CD4 Molecule Defined by Site-Directed Mutagenesis. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 85(23):9273-9277, Dec 1988. PubMed ID: 2461565. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 783

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MAb ID 246-D (SZ-246.D, 246, 246D)
HXB2 Location gp160(590-597)
DNA(7992..8015)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp41(gp41 579-604 HXB2)
Research Contact Susan Zolla-Pazner (Zollas01@mcrcr6.med.nyu), NYU Med Center, NY, NY
Epitope QQLLGIWG Epitope Alignment
QQLLGIWG epitope logo
Subtype B
Ab Type gp41 cluster I
Neutralizing no
Species (Isotype) human(IgG1κ)
Patient  
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords ADCC, antibody binding site, antibody generation, antibody interactions, antibody sequence, binding affinity, complement, dendritic cells, enhancing activity, kinetics, neutralization, polyclonal antibodies, review, SIV, structure, subtype comparisons, vaccine antigen design, vaccine-induced immune responses, variant cross-reactivity, viral fitness and reversion

Notes

Showing 40 of 40 notes.

References

Showing 40 of 40 references.

Isolation Paper
Robinson1991 W. E. Robinson, M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, W. M. Mitchell, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Two Immunodominant Domains of gp41 Bind Antibodies Which Enhance Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection In Vitro. J. Virol., 65:4169-4176, 1991. PubMed ID: 2072448. Show all entries for this paper.

Cai2017 Yongfei Cai, Selen Karaca-Griffin, Jia Chen, Sai Tian, Nicholas Fredette, Christine E. Linton, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Jianming Lu, Kshitij Wagh, James Theiler, Bette Korber, Michael S. Seaman, Stephen C. Harrison, Andrea Carfi, and Bing Chen. Antigenicity-Defined Conformations of an Extremely Neutralization-Resistant HIV-1 Envelope Spike. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 114(17):4477-4482, 25 Apr 2017. PubMed ID: 28396421. Show all entries for this paper.

Chen2015 Jia Chen, James M. Kovacs, Hanqin Peng, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Jianming Lu, Donghyun Park, Elise Zablowsky, Michael S. Seaman, and Bing Chen. Effect of the Cytoplasmic Domain on Antigenic Characteristics of HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein. Science, 349(6244):191-195, 10 Jul 2015. PubMed ID: 26113642. Show all entries for this paper.

Earl1997 P. L. Earl, C. C. Broder, R. W. Doms, and B. Moss. Epitope map of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp41 derived from 47 monoclonal antibodies produced by immunization with oligomeric envelope protein. J. Virol., 71:2674-84, 1997. PubMed ID: 9060620. Show all entries for this paper.

Eddleston1993 M. Eddleston, J. C. de la Torre, J.-Y. Xu, N. Dorfman, A. Notkins, S. Zolla-Pazner, and M. B. A. Oldstone. Molecular Mimicry Accompanying HIV-1 Infection: Human Monoclonal Antibodies That Bind to gp41 and to Astrocytes. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 10:939-944, 1993. In this paper, three anti-HIV-1 gp41 specific MAbs were found to react with astrocytes: 98-6, 167-7 and 15G1. Reactive astrocytes in the hippocampus were most prominently involved, and the antibodies stained no other cell type in the brain, kidney or liver. All three mapped to a conformationally dependent epitope between aa 644-663. PubMed ID: 7506553. Show all entries for this paper.

EdwardsBH2002 Bradley H. Edwards, Anju Bansal, Steffanie Sabbaj, Janna Bakari, Mark J. Mulligan, and Paul A. Goepfert. Magnitude of Functional CD8+ T-Cell Responses to the Gag Protein of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Correlates Inversely with Viral Load in Plasma. J. Virol., 76(5):2298-2305, Mar 2002. PubMed ID: 11836408. Show all entries for this paper.

Finnegan2002 Catherine M. Finnegan, Werner Berg, George K. Lewis, and Anthony L. DeVico. Antigenic Properties of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transmembrane Glycoprotein during Cell-Cell Fusion. J. Virol., 76(23):12123-12134, Dec 2002. PubMed ID: 12414953. Show all entries for this paper.

Follis2002 Kathryn E. Follis, Scott J. Larson, Min Lu, and Jack H. Nunberg. Genetic Evidence that Interhelical Packing Interactions in the gp41 Core Are Critical for Transition of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Glycoprotein to the Fusion-Active State. J. Virol., 76(14):7356-7362, Jul 2002. PubMed ID: 12072535. Show all entries for this paper.

Forthal1995 D. N. Forthal, G. Landucci, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and W. E. Robinson, Jr. Functional Activities of 20 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1)-Specific Human Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 11:1095-1099, 1995. A series of tests were performed on 20 human monoclonal antibodies to assess their potential therapeutic utility. Antibodies were tested for potentially harmful complement-mediated antibody enhancing activity (C-ADE), and for potentially beneficial neutralizing activity and antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity ADCC. PubMed ID: 8554906. Show all entries for this paper.

Frey2008 Gary Frey, Hanqin Peng, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Marco Morelli, Yifan Cheng, and Bing Chen. A Fusion-Intermediate State of HIV-1 gp41 Targeted by Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 105(10):3739-3744, 11 Mar 2008. PubMed ID: 18322015. Show all entries for this paper.

Frey2010 Gary Frey, Jia Chen, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Michael M. Freeman, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Bing Chen. Distinct Conformational States of HIV-1 gp41 Are Recognized by Neutralizing and Non-Neutralizing Antibodies. Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol., 17(12):1486-1491, Dec 2010. PubMed ID: 21076402. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2000a M. K. Gorny and S. Zolla-Pazner. Recognition by Human Monoclonal Antibodies of Free and Complexed Peptides Representing the Prefusogenic and Fusogenic Forms of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp41. J. Virol., 74:6186-6192, 2000. PubMed ID: 10846104. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2002 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Sandra Cohen, Victoria R. Polonis, William J. Honnen, Samuel C. Kayman, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies Specific for Conformation-Sensitive Epitopes of V3 Neutralize Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolates from Various Clades. J. Virol., 76(18):9035-9045, Sep 2002. PubMed ID: 12186887. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2009 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Bradley Witover, Sherri Burda, Mateusz Urbanski, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Arthur Nadas. Preferential Use of the VH5-51 Gene Segment by the Human Immune Response to Code for Antibodies against the V3 Domain of HIV-1. Mol. Immunol., 46(5):917-926, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 18952295. Show all entries for this paper.

Harada2008 Shinji Harada, Kazuaki Monde, Yuetsu Tanaka, Tetsuya Kimura, Yosuke Maeda, and Keisuke Yusa. Neutralizing Antibodies Decrease the Envelope Fluidity of HIV-1. Virology, 370(1):142-150, 5 Jan 2008. PubMed ID: 17900650. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe1997b C. E. Hioe, S. Xu, P. Chigurupati, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Neutralization of HIV-1 Primary Isolates by Polyclonal and Monoclonal Human Antibodies. Int. Immunol., 9(9):1281-1290, Sep 1997. PubMed ID: 9310831. Show all entries for this paper.

Holl2006 Vincent Holl, Maryse Peressin, Thomas Decoville, Sylvie Schmidt, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Anne-Marie Aubertin, and Christiane Moog. Nonneutralizing Antibodies Are Able To Inhibit Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication in Macrophages and Immature Dendritic Cells. J. Virol., 80(12):6177-6181, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16731957. Show all entries for this paper.

Joshi2020 Vinita R. Joshi, Ruchi M. Newman, Melissa L. Pack, Karen A. Power, James B. Munro, Ken Okawa, Navid Madani, Joseph G. Sodroski, Aaron G. Schmidt, and Todd M. Allen. Gp41-targeted antibodies restore infectivity of a fusion-deficient HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein. PLoS Pathog, 16(5):e1008577 doi, May 2020. PubMed ID: 32392227 Show all entries for this paper.

Kalia2005 Vandana Kalia, Surojit Sarkar, Phalguni Gupta, and Ronald C. Montelaro. Antibody Neutralization Escape Mediated by Point Mutations in the Intracytoplasmic Tail of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp41. J. Virol., 79(4):2097-2107, Feb 2005. PubMed ID: 15681412. Show all entries for this paper.

Kimura2009 Tetsuya Kimura, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Miroslaw K. Gorny. Human Monoclonal Antibody 2909 Binds to Pseudovirions Expressing Trimers but not Monomeric HIV-1 Envelope Proteins. Hum. Antibodies, 18(1-2):35-40, 2009. PubMed ID: 19478397. Show all entries for this paper.

Ling2004 Hong Ling, Peng Xiao, Osamu Usami, and Toshio Hattori. Thrombin Activates Envelope Glycoproteins of HIV Type 1 and Enhances Fusion. Microbes Infect., 6(5):414-420, Apr 2004. PubMed ID: 15109955. Show all entries for this paper.

Manca1995 F. Manca, D. Fenoglio, M. T. Valle, G. L. Pira, A. Kunkl, R. S. Balderas, R. G. Baccala, D. H. Kono, A. Ferraris, D. Saverino, F. Lancia, L. Lozzi, and A. N. Theofilopoulos. Human T helper cells specific for HIV reverse transcriptase: possible role in intrastructural help for HIV envelope-specific antibodies. Eur. J. Immunol., 25:1217-1223, 1995. PubMed ID: 7539750. Show all entries for this paper.

Mitchell1998 W. M. Mitchell, L. Ding, and J. Gabriel. Inactivation of a Common Epitope Responsible for the Induction of Antibody-Dependent Enhancement of HIV. AIDS, 12:147-156, 1998. PubMed ID: 9468363. Show all entries for this paper.

Moog2014 C. Moog, N. Dereuddre-Bosquet, J.-L. Teillaud, M. E. Biedma, V. Holl, G. Van Ham, L. Heyndrickx, A. Van Dorsselaer, D. Katinger, B. Vcelar, S. Zolla-Pazner, I. Mangeot, C. Kelly, R. J. Shattock, and R. Le Grand. Protective Effect of Vaginal Application of Neutralizing and Nonneutralizing Inhibitory Antibodies Against Vaginal SHIV Challenge in Macaques. Mucosal Immunol., 7(1):46-56, Jan 2014. PubMed ID: 23591718. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi2000 P. N. Nyambi, H. A. Mbah, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, A. Nadas, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Conserved and Exposed Epitopes on Intact, Native, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virions of Group M. J. Virol., 74:7096-7107, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888650. Show all entries for this paper.

Peressin2011 M. Peressin, V. Holl, S. Schmidt, T. Decoville, D. Mirisky, A. Lederle, M. Delaporte, K. Xu, A. M. Aubertin, and C. Moog. HIV-1 Replication in Langerhans and Interstitial Dendritic Cells Is Inhibited by Neutralizing and Fc-Mediated Inhibitory Antibodies. J. Virol., 85(2):1077-1085, Jan 2011. PubMed ID: 21084491. Show all entries for this paper.

Perez2009 Lautaro G. Perez, Matthew R. Costa, Christopher A. Todd, Barton F. Haynes, and David C. Montefiori. Utilization of Immunoglobulin G Fc Receptors by Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1: A Specific Role for Antibodies against the Membrane-Proximal External Region of gp41. J. Virol., 83(15):7397-7410, Aug 2009. PubMed ID: 19458010. Show all entries for this paper.

Pollara2013 Justin Pollara, Mattia Bonsignori, M. Anthony Moody, Marzena Pazgier, Barton F. Haynes, and Guido Ferrari. Epitope Specificity of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Antibody Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity (ADCC) Responses. Curr. HIV Res., 11(5):378-387, Jul 2013. PubMed ID: 24191939. Show all entries for this paper.

Saarloos1995 M. N. Saarloos, T. F. Lint, and G. T. Spear. Efficacy of HIV-Specific and `Antibody-Independent' Mechanisms for Complement Activation by HIV-Infected Cells. Clin. Exp. Immunol., 99:189-195, 1995. PubMed ID: 7851010. Show all entries for this paper.

Spear1993 G. T. Spear, D. M. Takefman, B. L. Sullivan, A. L. Landay, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Complement activation by human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol., 67:53-59, 1993. This study looked at the ability of 16 human MAbs to activate complement. MAbs directed against the V3 region could induce C3 deposition on infected cells and virolysis of free virus, but antibodies to the CD4BS and C-terminal region and two regions in gp41 could induce no complement mediated effects. Pre-treatment with sCD4 could increase complement-mediated effects of anti-gp41 MAbs, but decreased the complement-mediated effects of V3 MAbs. Anti-gp41 MAbs were able to affect IIIB but not MN virolysis, suggesting spontaneous shedding of gp120 on IIIB virions exposes gp41 epitopes. IgG isotype did not appear to have an effect on virolysis or C3 deposition. PubMed ID: 7677959. Show all entries for this paper.

Usami2005 Osamu Usami, Peng Xiao, Hong Ling, Yi Liu, Tadashi Nakasone, and Toshio Hattori. Properties of Anti-gp41 Core Structure Antibodies, Which Compete with Sera of HIV-1-Infected Patients. Microbes Infect., 7(4):650-657, Apr 2005. PubMed ID: 15823513. Show all entries for this paper.

Verrier2001 F. Verrier, A. Nadas, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Additive effects characterize the interaction of antibodies involved in neutralization of the primary dualtropic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolate 89.6. J. Virol., 75(19):9177--86, Oct 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/19/9177. PubMed ID: 11533181. Show all entries for this paper.

Vincent2008 Nadine Vincent, Amadou Kone, Blandine Chanut, Frédéric Lucht, Christian Genin, and Etienne Malvoisin. Antibodies Purified from Sera of HIV-1-Infected Patients by Affinity on the Heptad Repeat Region 1/Heptad Repeat Region 2 Complex of gp41 Neutralize HIV-1 Primary Isolates. AIDS, 22(16):2075-2085, 18 Oct 2008. PubMed ID: 18832871. Show all entries for this paper.

Vincent2012 Nadine Vincent and Etienne Malvoisin. Ability of Antibodies Specific to the HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein to Block the Fusion Inhibitor T20 in a Cell-Cell Fusion Assay. Immunobiology, 217(10):943-950, Oct 2012. PubMed ID: 22387075. Show all entries for this paper.

Willey2011 Suzanne Willey, Marlén M. I. Aasa-Chapman, Stephen O'Farrell, Pierre Pellegrino, Ian Williams, Robin A. Weiss, and Stuart J. D. Neil. Extensive Complement-Dependent Enhancement of HIV-1 by Autologous Non-Neutralising Antibodies at Early Stages of Infection. Retrovirology, 8:16, 2011. PubMed ID: 21401915. Show all entries for this paper.

Witt2017 Kristen C. Witt, Luis Castillo-Menendez, Haitao Ding, Nicole Espy, Shijian Zhang, John C. Kappes, and Joseph Sodroski. Antigenic Characterization of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1) Envelope Glycoprotein Precursor Incorporated into Nanodiscs. PLoS One, 12(2):e0170672, 2017. PubMed ID: 28151945. Show all entries for this paper.

Xu1991 J.-Y. Xu, M. K. Gorny, T. Palker, S. Karwowska, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Epitope mapping of two immunodominant domains of gp41, the transmembrane protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1, using ten human monoclonal antibodies. J. Virol., 65:4832-4838, 1991. The immunodominance of linear epitope in the region 590-600 of gp41 (cluster I) was established, and a second conformational epitope was mapped that reacted with a region between amino acids 644 and 663 (cluster II). Titration experiments showed that there was 100-fold more antibody to cluster I than cluster II in patient sera. PubMed ID: 1714520. Show all entries for this paper.

Yates2018 Nicole L. Yates, Allan C. deCamp, Bette T. Korber, Hua-Xin Liao, Carmela Irene, Abraham Pinter, James Peacock, Linda J. Harris, Sheetal Sawant, Peter Hraber, Xiaoying Shen, Supachai Rerks-Ngarm, Punnee Pitisuttithum, Sorachai Nitayapan, Phillip W. Berman, Merlin L. Robb, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Barton F. Haynes, S. Munir Alam, David C. Montefiori, and Georgia D. Tomaras. HIV-1 Envelope Glycoproteins from Diverse Clades Differentiate Antibody Responses and Durability among Vaccinees. J. Virol., 92(8), 15 Apr 2018. PubMed ID: 29386288. Show all entries for this paper.

Yuan2009 Wen Yuan, Xing Li, Marta Kasterka, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Joseph Sodroski. Oligomer-Specific Conformations of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1) gp41 Envelope Glycoprotein Ectodomain Recognized by Human Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 25(3):319-328, Mar 2009. PubMed ID: 19292593. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 791

Download this epitope record as JSON.

MAb ID 50-69 (SZ-50.69, 50-69D, 50.69, 50-6910)
HXB2 Location Env
DNA(7959..8033)
Env Epitope Map
Author Location gp41( BH10)
Research Contact Susan Zolla-Pazner (Zollas01@mcrcr6.med.nyu), NYU, NY
Epitope (Discontinuous epitope)
Ab Type gp41 cluster I
Neutralizing  
Species (Isotype) human(IgG2κ)
Patient  
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords ADCC, antibody binding site, antibody generation, antibody interactions, antibody polyreactivity, antibody sequence, binding affinity, complement, dendritic cells, enhancing activity, immunotoxin, kinetics, mimotopes, neutralization, rate of progression, review, subtype comparisons, vaccine antigen design, vaccine-induced immune responses, variant cross-reactivity

Notes

Showing 44 of 44 notes.

References

Showing 44 of 44 references.

Isolation Paper
Gorny1989 M. K. Gorny, V. Gianakakos, S. Sharpe, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Generation of human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 86:1624-1628, 1989. This paper described immortalization of B-cells from HIV-1 positive individuals with Epstein-Barr virus, to produce seven stable antibody producing cell lines. PubMed ID: 2922401. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley1996 J. M. Binley, H. J. Ditzel, C. F. Barbas III, N. Sullivan, J. Sodroski, P. W. H. I. Parren, and D. R. Burton. Human Antibody Responses to HIV Type 1 Glycoprotein 41 Cloned in Phage Display Libraries Suggest Three Major Epitopes Are Recognized and Give Evidence for Conserved Antibody Motifs in Antigen Binding. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 12:911-924, 1996. A panel of anti-gp41 human Fab fragments were generated by panning phage display antibody libraries prepared from HIV-1 positive donors with rgp41. Fabs tended to be directed against three epitopes, designated clusters I-III. None were neutralizing. A common CDR3 motif was found in several of the heavy chain sequences. PubMed ID: 8798976. Show all entries for this paper.

Boots1997 L. J. Boots, P. M. McKenna, B. A. Arnold, P. M. Keller, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, J. E. Robinson, and A. J. Conley. Anti-human immunodeficiency virus type 1 human monoclonal antibodies that bind discontinuous epitopes in the viral glycoproteins can identify mimotopes from recombinant phage peptide display libraries. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 13:1549-59, 1997. PubMed ID: 9430247. Show all entries for this paper.

Chen1995 C. H. Chen, T. J. Matthews, C. B. McDanal, D. P. Bolognesi, and M. L. Greenberg. A Molecular Clasp in the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Type 1 TM Protein Determines the Anti-HIV Activity of gp41 Derivatives: Implication for Viral Fusion. J. Virol., 69:3771-3777, 1995. PubMed ID: 7538176. Show all entries for this paper.

Dennison2011a S. Moses Dennison, Kara Anasti, Richard M. Scearce, Laura Sutherland, Robert Parks, Shi-Mao Xia, Hua-Xin Liao, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Barton F. Haynes, and S. Munir Alam. Nonneutralizing HIV-1 gp41 Envelope Cluster II Human Monoclonal Antibodies Show Polyreactivity for Binding to Phospholipids and Protein Autoantigens. J. Virol., 85(3):1340-1347, Feb 2011. PubMed ID: 21106741. Show all entries for this paper.

Eddleston1993 M. Eddleston, J. C. de la Torre, J.-Y. Xu, N. Dorfman, A. Notkins, S. Zolla-Pazner, and M. B. A. Oldstone. Molecular Mimicry Accompanying HIV-1 Infection: Human Monoclonal Antibodies That Bind to gp41 and to Astrocytes. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 10:939-944, 1993. In this paper, three anti-HIV-1 gp41 specific MAbs were found to react with astrocytes: 98-6, 167-7 and 15G1. Reactive astrocytes in the hippocampus were most prominently involved, and the antibodies stained no other cell type in the brain, kidney or liver. All three mapped to a conformationally dependent epitope between aa 644-663. PubMed ID: 7506553. Show all entries for this paper.

Finnegan2002 Catherine M. Finnegan, Werner Berg, George K. Lewis, and Anthony L. DeVico. Antigenic Properties of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transmembrane Glycoprotein during Cell-Cell Fusion. J. Virol., 76(23):12123-12134, Dec 2002. PubMed ID: 12414953. Show all entries for this paper.

Follis2002 Kathryn E. Follis, Scott J. Larson, Min Lu, and Jack H. Nunberg. Genetic Evidence that Interhelical Packing Interactions in the gp41 Core Are Critical for Transition of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Glycoprotein to the Fusion-Active State. J. Virol., 76(14):7356-7362, Jul 2002. PubMed ID: 12072535. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2000a M. K. Gorny and S. Zolla-Pazner. Recognition by Human Monoclonal Antibodies of Free and Complexed Peptides Representing the Prefusogenic and Fusogenic Forms of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp41. J. Virol., 74:6186-6192, 2000. PubMed ID: 10846104. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2000b M. K. Gorny, T. C. VanCott, C. Williams, K. Revesz, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Effects of oligomerization on the epitopes of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoproteins. Virology, 267:220-8, 2000. PubMed ID: 10662617. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2009 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Bradley Witover, Sherri Burda, Mateusz Urbanski, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Arthur Nadas. Preferential Use of the VH5-51 Gene Segment by the Human Immune Response to Code for Antibodies against the V3 Domain of HIV-1. Mol. Immunol., 46(5):917-926, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 18952295. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe1997b C. E. Hioe, S. Xu, P. Chigurupati, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Neutralization of HIV-1 Primary Isolates by Polyclonal and Monoclonal Human Antibodies. Int. Immunol., 9(9):1281-1290, Sep 1997. PubMed ID: 9310831. Show all entries for this paper.

Holl2006 Vincent Holl, Maryse Peressin, Thomas Decoville, Sylvie Schmidt, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Anne-Marie Aubertin, and Christiane Moog. Nonneutralizing Antibodies Are Able To Inhibit Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication in Macrophages and Immature Dendritic Cells. J. Virol., 80(12):6177-6181, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16731957. Show all entries for this paper.

Huang2007 Li Huang, Weihong Lai, Phong Ho, and Chin Ho Chen. Induction of a Nonproductive Conformational Change in gp120 by a Small Molecule HIV Type 1 Entry Inhibitor. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 23(1):28-32, Jan 2007. PubMed ID: 17263629. Show all entries for this paper.

Kalia2005 Vandana Kalia, Surojit Sarkar, Phalguni Gupta, and Ronald C. Montelaro. Antibody Neutralization Escape Mediated by Point Mutations in the Intracytoplasmic Tail of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp41. J. Virol., 79(4):2097-2107, Feb 2005. PubMed ID: 15681412. Show all entries for this paper.

Kim2007 Mikyung Kim, Zhisong Qiao, Jessica Yu, David Montefiori, and Ellis L. Reinherz. Immunogenicity of Recombinant Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1-Like Particles Expressing gp41 Derivatives in a Pre-Fusion State. Vaccine, 25(27):5102-5114, 28 Jun 2007. PubMed ID: 17055621. Show all entries for this paper.

Klasse1996 P. J. Klasse and Q. J. Sattentau. Altered CD4 Interactions of HIV Type 1 LAI Variants Selected for the Capacity to Induce Membrane Fusion in the Presence of a Monoclonal Antibody to Domain 2 of CD4. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 12:1015-1021, 1996. PubMed ID: 8827217. Show all entries for this paper.

Laal1994 Suman Laal, Sherri Burda, Miroslav K. Gorny, Sylwia Karwowska, Aby Buchbinder, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Synergistic Neutralization of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 by Combinations of Human Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 68(6):4001-4008, Jun 1994. PubMed ID: 7514683. Show all entries for this paper.

Ling2004 Hong Ling, Peng Xiao, Osamu Usami, and Toshio Hattori. Thrombin Activates Envelope Glycoproteins of HIV Type 1 and Enhances Fusion. Microbes Infect., 6(5):414-420, Apr 2004. PubMed ID: 15109955. Show all entries for this paper.

Manca1995 F. Manca, D. Fenoglio, M. T. Valle, G. L. Pira, A. Kunkl, R. S. Balderas, R. G. Baccala, D. H. Kono, A. Ferraris, D. Saverino, F. Lancia, L. Lozzi, and A. N. Theofilopoulos. Human T helper cells specific for HIV reverse transcriptase: possible role in intrastructural help for HIV envelope-specific antibodies. Eur. J. Immunol., 25:1217-1223, 1995. PubMed ID: 7539750. Show all entries for this paper.

McCaffrey2004 Ruth A McCaffrey, Cheryl Saunders, Mike Hensel, and Leonidas Stamatatos. N-Linked Glycosylation of the V3 Loop and the Immunologically Silent Face of gp120 Protects Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 SF162 from Neutralization by Anti-gp120 and Anti-gp41 Antibodies. J. Virol., 78(7):3279-3295, Apr 2004. PubMed ID: 15016849. Show all entries for this paper.

McDougal1996 J. S. McDougal, M. S. Kennedy, S. L. Orloff, J. K. A. Nicholson, and T. J. Spira. Mechanisms of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Neutralization: Irreversible Inactivation of Infectivity by Anti-HIV-1 Antibody. J. Virol., 70:5236-5245, 1996. Studies of polyclonal sera autologous virus inactivation indicates that in individuals over time, viral populations emerge that are resistant to inactivating effects of earlier sera. PubMed ID: 8764033. Show all entries for this paper.

Mitchell1998 W. M. Mitchell, L. Ding, and J. Gabriel. Inactivation of a Common Epitope Responsible for the Induction of Antibody-Dependent Enhancement of HIV. AIDS, 12:147-156, 1998. PubMed ID: 9468363. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi2000 P. N. Nyambi, H. A. Mbah, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, A. Nadas, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Conserved and Exposed Epitopes on Intact, Native, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virions of Group M. J. Virol., 74:7096-7107, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888650. Show all entries for this paper.

Pinter1989 A. Pinter, W. J. Honnen, S. A. Tilley, C. Bona, H. Zaghouani, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Oligomeric Structure of gp41, the Transmembrane Protein of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. J. Virol., 63:2674-2679, 1989. PubMed ID: 2786089. Show all entries for this paper.

Poignard1996b P. Poignard, T. Fouts, D. Naniche, J. P. Moore, and Q. J. Sattentau. Neutralizing antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus type-1 gp120 induce envelope glycoprotein subunit dissociation. J. Exp. Med., 183:473-484, 1996. Binding of Anti-V3 and the CD4I neutralizing MAbs induces shedding of gp120 on cells infected with the T-cell line-adapted HIV-1 molecular clone Hx10. This was shown by significant increases of gp120 in the supernatant, and exposure of a gp41 epitope that is masked in the oligomer. MAbs binding either to the V2 loop or to CD4BS discontinuous epitopes do not induce gp120 dissociation. This suggests HIV neutralization probably is caused by several mechanisms, and one of the mechanisms may involve gp120 dissociation. PubMed ID: 8627160. Show all entries for this paper.

Pollara2013 Justin Pollara, Mattia Bonsignori, M. Anthony Moody, Marzena Pazgier, Barton F. Haynes, and Guido Ferrari. Epitope Specificity of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Antibody Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity (ADCC) Responses. Curr. HIV Res., 11(5):378-387, Jul 2013. PubMed ID: 24191939. Show all entries for this paper.

Robinson1991 W. E. Robinson, M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, W. M. Mitchell, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Two Immunodominant Domains of gp41 Bind Antibodies Which Enhance Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection In Vitro. J. Virol., 65:4169-4176, 1991. PubMed ID: 2072448. Show all entries for this paper.

Sattentau1991 Q. J. Sattentau and J. P. Moore. Conformational Changes Induced in the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Envelope Glycoprotein by Soluble CD4 Binding. J. Exp. Med., 174:407-415, 1991. sCD4 binding to gp120 induces conformational changes within envelope oligomers. This was measured on HIV-1-infected cells by the increased binding of gp120/V3 loop specific MAbs, and on the surface of virions by increased cleavage of the V3 loop by an exogenous proteinase. PubMed ID: 1713252. Show all entries for this paper.

Sattentau1995 Q. J. Sattentau, S. Zolla-Pazner, and P. Poignard. Epitope Exposure on Functional, Oligomeric HIV-1 gp41 Molecules. Virology, 206:713-717, 1995. Most gp41 epitopes are masked when associated with gp120 on the cell surface. Weak binding of anti-gp41 MAbs can be enhanced by treatment with sCD4. MAb 2F5 binds to a membrane proximal epitope which binds in the presence of gp120 without sCD4. PubMed ID: 7530400. Show all entries for this paper.

Sheppard2007a Neil C. Sheppard, Sarah L. Davies, Simon A. Jeffs, Sueli M. Vieira, and Quentin J. Sattentau. Production and Characterization of High-Affinity Human Monoclonal Antibodies to Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Glycoproteins in a Mouse Model Expressing Human Immunoglobulins. Clin. Vaccine Immunol., 14(2):157-167, Feb 2007. PubMed ID: 17167037. Show all entries for this paper.

Spear1993 G. T. Spear, D. M. Takefman, B. L. Sullivan, A. L. Landay, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Complement activation by human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol., 67:53-59, 1993. This study looked at the ability of 16 human MAbs to activate complement. MAbs directed against the V3 region could induce C3 deposition on infected cells and virolysis of free virus, but antibodies to the CD4BS and C-terminal region and two regions in gp41 could induce no complement mediated effects. Pre-treatment with sCD4 could increase complement-mediated effects of anti-gp41 MAbs, but decreased the complement-mediated effects of V3 MAbs. Anti-gp41 MAbs were able to affect IIIB but not MN virolysis, suggesting spontaneous shedding of gp120 on IIIB virions exposes gp41 epitopes. IgG isotype did not appear to have an effect on virolysis or C3 deposition. PubMed ID: 7677959. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1997 L. Stamatatos, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and C. Cheng-Mayer. Binding of Antibodies to Virion-Associated gp120 Molecules of Primary-Like Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Isolates: Effect on HIV-1 Infection of Macrophages and Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells. Virology, 229:360-369, 1997. PubMed ID: 9126249. Show all entries for this paper.

Till1989 M. A. Till, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, J. W. Uhr, and E. S. Vitetta. Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected T Cells and Monocytes Are Killed by Monoclonal Human Anti-gp41 Antibodies Coupled to Ricin A Chain. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 86:1987-1991, 1989. PubMed ID: 2538826. Show all entries for this paper.

Tyler1990 D. S. Tyler, S. D. Stanley, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, P. P. Shadduck, A. J. Langlois, T. J. Matthews, D. P. Bolognesi, T. J. Palker, and K. J. Weinhold. Identification of sites within gp41 that serve as targets for antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity by using human monoclonal antibodies. J. Immunol., 145:3276-3282, 1990. PubMed ID: 1700004. Show all entries for this paper.

Usami2005 Osamu Usami, Peng Xiao, Hong Ling, Yi Liu, Tadashi Nakasone, and Toshio Hattori. Properties of Anti-gp41 Core Structure Antibodies, Which Compete with Sera of HIV-1-Infected Patients. Microbes Infect., 7(4):650-657, Apr 2005. PubMed ID: 15823513. Show all entries for this paper.

Verrier2001 F. Verrier, A. Nadas, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Additive effects characterize the interaction of antibodies involved in neutralization of the primary dualtropic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolate 89.6. J. Virol., 75(19):9177--86, Oct 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/19/9177. PubMed ID: 11533181. Show all entries for this paper.

Vincent2008 Nadine Vincent, Amadou Kone, Blandine Chanut, Frédéric Lucht, Christian Genin, and Etienne Malvoisin. Antibodies Purified from Sera of HIV-1-Infected Patients by Affinity on the Heptad Repeat Region 1/Heptad Repeat Region 2 Complex of gp41 Neutralize HIV-1 Primary Isolates. AIDS, 22(16):2075-2085, 18 Oct 2008. PubMed ID: 18832871. Show all entries for this paper.

Vincent2012 Nadine Vincent and Etienne Malvoisin. Ability of Antibodies Specific to the HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein to Block the Fusion Inhibitor T20 in a Cell-Cell Fusion Assay. Immunobiology, 217(10):943-950, Oct 2012. PubMed ID: 22387075. Show all entries for this paper.

Xu1991 J.-Y. Xu, M. K. Gorny, T. Palker, S. Karwowska, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Epitope mapping of two immunodominant domains of gp41, the transmembrane protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1, using ten human monoclonal antibodies. J. Virol., 65:4832-4838, 1991. The immunodominance of linear epitope in the region 590-600 of gp41 (cluster I) was established, and a second conformational epitope was mapped that reacted with a region between amino acids 644 and 663 (cluster II). Titration experiments showed that there was 100-fold more antibody to cluster I than cluster II in patient sera. PubMed ID: 1714520. Show all entries for this paper.

Yates2018 Nicole L. Yates, Allan C. deCamp, Bette T. Korber, Hua-Xin Liao, Carmela Irene, Abraham Pinter, James Peacock, Linda J. Harris, Sheetal Sawant, Peter Hraber, Xiaoying Shen, Supachai Rerks-Ngarm, Punnee Pitisuttithum, Sorachai Nitayapan, Phillip W. Berman, Merlin L. Robb, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Barton F. Haynes, S. Munir Alam, David C. Montefiori, and Georgia D. Tomaras. HIV-1 Envelope Glycoproteins from Diverse Clades Differentiate Antibody Responses and Durability among Vaccinees. J. Virol., 92(8), 15 Apr 2018. PubMed ID: 29386288. Show all entries for this paper.

Yuan2009 Wen Yuan, Xing Li, Marta Kasterka, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Joseph Sodroski. Oligomer-Specific Conformations of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1) gp41 Envelope Glycoprotein Ectodomain Recognized by Human Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 25(3):319-328, Mar 2009. PubMed ID: 19292593. Show all entries for this paper.

Zwick2001b M. B. Zwick, A. F. Labrijn, M. Wang, C. Spenlehauer, E. O. Saphire, J. M. Binley, J. P. Moore, G. Stiegler, H. Katinger, D. R. Burton, and P. W. Parren. Broadly neutralizing antibodies targeted to the membrane-proximal external region of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 glycoprotein gp41. J. Virol., 75(22):10892--905, Nov 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/22/10892. PubMed ID: 11602729. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 808

Download this epitope record as JSON.

MAb ID 98-6 (SZ-98.6, 98.6, 98-6D)
HXB2 Location Env
DNA(8154..8213)
Env Epitope Map
Author Location gp41( HXB2)
Research Contact Susan Zolla-Pazner (Zollas01@mcrcr6.med.nyu), NYU, NY
Epitope (Discontinuous epitope)
Subtype B
Ab Type gp41 cluster II
Neutralizing  
Species (Isotype) human(IgG2κ)
Patient donor_uncoded_3
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords ADCC, antibody binding site, antibody generation, antibody interactions, antibody polyreactivity, antibody sequence, binding affinity, complement, dendritic cells, enhancing activity, immunotoxin, kinetics, neutralization, rate of progression, review, structure, subtype comparisons, vaccine antigen design, variant cross-reactivity

Notes

Showing 44 of 44 notes.

References

Showing 44 of 44 references.

Isolation Paper
Gorny1989 M. K. Gorny, V. Gianakakos, S. Sharpe, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Generation of human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 86:1624-1628, 1989. This paper described immortalization of B-cells from HIV-1 positive individuals with Epstein-Barr virus, to produce seven stable antibody producing cell lines. PubMed ID: 2922401. Show all entries for this paper.

Alam2008 S. Munir Alam, Richard M. Scearce, Robert J. Parks, Kelly Plonk, Steven G. Plonk, Laura L. Sutherland, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Stacie VanLeeuwen, M. Anthony Moody, Shi-Mao Xia, David C. Montefiori, Georgia D. Tomaras, Kent J. Weinhold, Salim Abdool Karim, Charles B. Hicks, Hua-Xin Liao, James Robinson, George M. Shaw, and Barton F. Haynes. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp41 Antibodies That Mask Membrane Proximal Region Epitopes: Antibody Binding Kinetics, Induction, and Potential for Regulation in Acute Infection. J. Virol., 82(1):115-125, Jan 2008. PubMed ID: 17942537. Show all entries for this paper.

Andris1991 J. S. Andris, S. Johnson, S. Zolla-Pazner, and J. D. Capra. Molecular characterization of five anti-human immunodeficiency virus type 1 antibody heavy chains reveals extensive somatic mutation typical of an antigen-driven immune response. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 88:7783-7788, 1992. PubMed ID: 1909030. Show all entries for this paper.

Chen1995 C. H. Chen, T. J. Matthews, C. B. McDanal, D. P. Bolognesi, and M. L. Greenberg. A Molecular Clasp in the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Type 1 TM Protein Determines the Anti-HIV Activity of gp41 Derivatives: Implication for Viral Fusion. J. Virol., 69:3771-3777, 1995. PubMed ID: 7538176. Show all entries for this paper.

Dennison2011a S. Moses Dennison, Kara Anasti, Richard M. Scearce, Laura Sutherland, Robert Parks, Shi-Mao Xia, Hua-Xin Liao, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Barton F. Haynes, and S. Munir Alam. Nonneutralizing HIV-1 gp41 Envelope Cluster II Human Monoclonal Antibodies Show Polyreactivity for Binding to Phospholipids and Protein Autoantigens. J. Virol., 85(3):1340-1347, Feb 2011. PubMed ID: 21106741. Show all entries for this paper.

Eddleston1993 M. Eddleston, J. C. de la Torre, J.-Y. Xu, N. Dorfman, A. Notkins, S. Zolla-Pazner, and M. B. A. Oldstone. Molecular Mimicry Accompanying HIV-1 Infection: Human Monoclonal Antibodies That Bind to gp41 and to Astrocytes. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 10:939-944, 1993. In this paper, three anti-HIV-1 gp41 specific MAbs were found to react with astrocytes: 98-6, 167-7 and 15G1. Reactive astrocytes in the hippocampus were most prominently involved, and the antibodies stained no other cell type in the brain, kidney or liver. All three mapped to a conformationally dependent epitope between aa 644-663. PubMed ID: 7506553. Show all entries for this paper.

Finnegan2002 Catherine M. Finnegan, Werner Berg, George K. Lewis, and Anthony L. DeVico. Antigenic Properties of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transmembrane Glycoprotein during Cell-Cell Fusion. J. Virol., 76(23):12123-12134, Dec 2002. PubMed ID: 12414953. Show all entries for this paper.

Follis2002 Kathryn E. Follis, Scott J. Larson, Min Lu, and Jack H. Nunberg. Genetic Evidence that Interhelical Packing Interactions in the gp41 Core Are Critical for Transition of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Glycoprotein to the Fusion-Active State. J. Virol., 76(14):7356-7362, Jul 2002. PubMed ID: 12072535. Show all entries for this paper.

Forthal1995 D. N. Forthal, G. Landucci, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and W. E. Robinson, Jr. Functional Activities of 20 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1)-Specific Human Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 11:1095-1099, 1995. A series of tests were performed on 20 human monoclonal antibodies to assess their potential therapeutic utility. Antibodies were tested for potentially harmful complement-mediated antibody enhancing activity (C-ADE), and for potentially beneficial neutralizing activity and antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity ADCC. PubMed ID: 8554906. Show all entries for this paper.

Frey2010 Gary Frey, Jia Chen, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Michael M. Freeman, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Bing Chen. Distinct Conformational States of HIV-1 gp41 Are Recognized by Neutralizing and Non-Neutralizing Antibodies. Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol., 17(12):1486-1491, Dec 2010. PubMed ID: 21076402. Show all entries for this paper.

GoldingH2002 Hana Golding, Marina Zaitseva, Eve de Rosny, Lisa R. King, Jody Manischewitz, Igor Sidorov, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Dimiter S. Dimitrov, and Carol D. Weiss. Dissection of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Entry with Neutralizing Antibodies to gp41 Fusion Intermediates. J. Virol., 76(13):6780-6790, Jul 2002. PubMed ID: 12050391. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2000a M. K. Gorny and S. Zolla-Pazner. Recognition by Human Monoclonal Antibodies of Free and Complexed Peptides Representing the Prefusogenic and Fusogenic Forms of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp41. J. Virol., 74:6186-6192, 2000. PubMed ID: 10846104. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2000b M. K. Gorny, T. C. VanCott, C. Williams, K. Revesz, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Effects of oligomerization on the epitopes of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoproteins. Virology, 267:220-8, 2000. PubMed ID: 10662617. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2009 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Bradley Witover, Sherri Burda, Mateusz Urbanski, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Arthur Nadas. Preferential Use of the VH5-51 Gene Segment by the Human Immune Response to Code for Antibodies against the V3 Domain of HIV-1. Mol. Immunol., 46(5):917-926, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 18952295. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe1997b C. E. Hioe, S. Xu, P. Chigurupati, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Neutralization of HIV-1 Primary Isolates by Polyclonal and Monoclonal Human Antibodies. Int. Immunol., 9(9):1281-1290, Sep 1997. PubMed ID: 9310831. Show all entries for this paper.

Holl2006 Vincent Holl, Maryse Peressin, Thomas Decoville, Sylvie Schmidt, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Anne-Marie Aubertin, and Christiane Moog. Nonneutralizing Antibodies Are Able To Inhibit Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication in Macrophages and Immature Dendritic Cells. J. Virol., 80(12):6177-6181, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16731957. Show all entries for this paper.

Kim2007 Mikyung Kim, Zhisong Qiao, Jessica Yu, David Montefiori, and Ellis L. Reinherz. Immunogenicity of Recombinant Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1-Like Particles Expressing gp41 Derivatives in a Pre-Fusion State. Vaccine, 25(27):5102-5114, 28 Jun 2007. PubMed ID: 17055621. Show all entries for this paper.

Laal1994 Suman Laal, Sherri Burda, Miroslav K. Gorny, Sylwia Karwowska, Aby Buchbinder, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Synergistic Neutralization of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 by Combinations of Human Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 68(6):4001-4008, Jun 1994. PubMed ID: 7514683. Show all entries for this paper.

Ling2004 Hong Ling, Peng Xiao, Osamu Usami, and Toshio Hattori. Thrombin Activates Envelope Glycoproteins of HIV Type 1 and Enhances Fusion. Microbes Infect., 6(5):414-420, Apr 2004. PubMed ID: 15109955. Show all entries for this paper.

Manca1995 F. Manca, D. Fenoglio, M. T. Valle, G. L. Pira, A. Kunkl, R. S. Balderas, R. G. Baccala, D. H. Kono, A. Ferraris, D. Saverino, F. Lancia, L. Lozzi, and A. N. Theofilopoulos. Human T helper cells specific for HIV reverse transcriptase: possible role in intrastructural help for HIV envelope-specific antibodies. Eur. J. Immunol., 25:1217-1223, 1995. PubMed ID: 7539750. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi1998 P. N. Nyambi, M. K. Gorny, L. Bastiani, G. van der Groen, C. Williams, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Mapping of Epitopes Exposed on Intact Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Virions: A New Strategy for Studying the Immunologic Relatedness of HIV-1. J. Virol., 72:9384-9391, 1998. 18 human MAbs binding to gp120 and gp41 were tested using a novel assay to test binding to intact HIV-1 virions. The new method involves using MAbs to the host proteins incorporated into virions to bind them to ELIZA plates. Antigenic conservation in epitopes of HIV-1 in clades A, B, D, F, G, and H was studied. MAbs were selected that were directed against V2, V3, CD4bd, C5 or gp41 regions. Antibodies against V2, the CD4BS, and sp41 showed weak and sporadic reactivities, while binding strongly to gp120, suggesting these epitopes are hidden when gp120 is in its native, quaternary structure. PubMed ID: 9765494. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi2000 P. N. Nyambi, H. A. Mbah, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, A. Nadas, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Conserved and Exposed Epitopes on Intact, Native, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virions of Group M. J. Virol., 74:7096-7107, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888650. Show all entries for this paper.

Penn-Nicholson2008 Adam Penn-Nicholson, Dong P. Han, Soon J. Kim, Hanna Park, Rais Ansari, David C. Montefiori, and Michael W. Cho. Assessment of Antibody Responses against gp41 in HIV-1-Infected Patients Using Soluble gp41 Fusion Proteins and Peptides Derived from M Group Consensus Envelope. Virology, 372(2):442-456, 15 Mar 2008. PubMed ID: 18068750. Show all entries for this paper.

Perez2009 Lautaro G. Perez, Matthew R. Costa, Christopher A. Todd, Barton F. Haynes, and David C. Montefiori. Utilization of Immunoglobulin G Fc Receptors by Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1: A Specific Role for Antibodies against the Membrane-Proximal External Region of gp41. J. Virol., 83(15):7397-7410, Aug 2009. PubMed ID: 19458010. Show all entries for this paper.

Pinter1989 A. Pinter, W. J. Honnen, S. A. Tilley, C. Bona, H. Zaghouani, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Oligomeric Structure of gp41, the Transmembrane Protein of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. J. Virol., 63:2674-2679, 1989. PubMed ID: 2786089. Show all entries for this paper.

Pollara2013 Justin Pollara, Mattia Bonsignori, M. Anthony Moody, Marzena Pazgier, Barton F. Haynes, and Guido Ferrari. Epitope Specificity of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Antibody Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity (ADCC) Responses. Curr. HIV Res., 11(5):378-387, Jul 2013. PubMed ID: 24191939. Show all entries for this paper.

Robinson1990a W. E. Robinson, Jr., T. Kawamura, M. K. Gorny, D. Lake, J.-Y. Xu, Y. Matsumoto, T. Sugano, Y. Masuho, W. M. Mitchell, E. Hersh, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies to the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Transmembrane Glycoprotein gp41 Enhance HIV-1 Infection In Vitro. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 87:3185-3189, 1990. Three gp41 MAbs out of 16 Env and Gag MAbs tested enhanced HIV-1 IIIB infection of MT-2 cells. The enhancing antibodies were competitive with the immunodominant epitopes of gp41 recognized by sera from HIV-1 infected subjects. PubMed ID: 2326277. Show all entries for this paper.

Robinson1991 W. E. Robinson, M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, W. M. Mitchell, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Two Immunodominant Domains of gp41 Bind Antibodies Which Enhance Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection In Vitro. J. Virol., 65:4169-4176, 1991. PubMed ID: 2072448. Show all entries for this paper.

Sattentau1991 Q. J. Sattentau and J. P. Moore. Conformational Changes Induced in the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Envelope Glycoprotein by Soluble CD4 Binding. J. Exp. Med., 174:407-415, 1991. sCD4 binding to gp120 induces conformational changes within envelope oligomers. This was measured on HIV-1-infected cells by the increased binding of gp120/V3 loop specific MAbs, and on the surface of virions by increased cleavage of the V3 loop by an exogenous proteinase. PubMed ID: 1713252. Show all entries for this paper.

Sattentau1995 Q. J. Sattentau, S. Zolla-Pazner, and P. Poignard. Epitope Exposure on Functional, Oligomeric HIV-1 gp41 Molecules. Virology, 206:713-717, 1995. Most gp41 epitopes are masked when associated with gp120 on the cell surface. Weak binding of anti-gp41 MAbs can be enhanced by treatment with sCD4. MAb 2F5 binds to a membrane proximal epitope which binds in the presence of gp120 without sCD4. PubMed ID: 7530400. Show all entries for this paper.

Shi2010 Wuxian Shi, Jen Bohon, Dong P. Han, Habtom Habte, Yali Qin, Michael W. Cho, and Mark R. Chance. Structural Characterization of HIV gp41 with the Membrane-Proximal External Region. J. Biol. Chem., 285(31):24290-24298, 30 Jul 2010. PubMed ID: 20525690. Show all entries for this paper.

Spear1993 G. T. Spear, D. M. Takefman, B. L. Sullivan, A. L. Landay, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Complement activation by human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol., 67:53-59, 1993. This study looked at the ability of 16 human MAbs to activate complement. MAbs directed against the V3 region could induce C3 deposition on infected cells and virolysis of free virus, but antibodies to the CD4BS and C-terminal region and two regions in gp41 could induce no complement mediated effects. Pre-treatment with sCD4 could increase complement-mediated effects of anti-gp41 MAbs, but decreased the complement-mediated effects of V3 MAbs. Anti-gp41 MAbs were able to affect IIIB but not MN virolysis, suggesting spontaneous shedding of gp120 on IIIB virions exposes gp41 epitopes. IgG isotype did not appear to have an effect on virolysis or C3 deposition. PubMed ID: 7677959. Show all entries for this paper.

Tani1994 Y. Tani, E. Donoghue, S. Sharpe, E. Boone, H. C. Lane, S. Zolla-Pazner, and D. I. Cohen. Enhanced In Vitro Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication in B Cells Expressing Surface Antibody to the TM Env Protein. J. Virol., 68:1942-1950, 1994. The MAb 98-6 was expressed as a surface anti-gp41 monoclonal antibody receptor for gp41 (sIg/gp41) by transfection into a CD4-negative B-cell line. Transfected cells could bind HIV envelope, but could not be infected by HIV-1. When CD4 delivered by retroviral constructs was expressed on these cells, they acquired the ability to replicate HIV-1, and sIg/gp41 specifically enhanced viral replication. PubMed ID: 8107254. Show all entries for this paper.

Taniguchi2000 Y. Taniguchi, S. Zolla-Pazner, Y. Xu, X. Zhang, S. Takeda, and T. Hattori. Human monoclonal antibody 98-6 reacts with the fusogenic form of gp41. Virology, 273(2):333--40, 1 Aug 2000. PubMed ID: 10915604. Show all entries for this paper.

Till1989 M. A. Till, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, J. W. Uhr, and E. S. Vitetta. Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected T Cells and Monocytes Are Killed by Monoclonal Human Anti-gp41 Antibodies Coupled to Ricin A Chain. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 86:1987-1991, 1989. PubMed ID: 2538826. Show all entries for this paper.

Tyler1990 D. S. Tyler, S. D. Stanley, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, P. P. Shadduck, A. J. Langlois, T. J. Matthews, D. P. Bolognesi, T. J. Palker, and K. J. Weinhold. Identification of sites within gp41 that serve as targets for antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity by using human monoclonal antibodies. J. Immunol., 145:3276-3282, 1990. PubMed ID: 1700004. Show all entries for this paper.

Usami2005 Osamu Usami, Peng Xiao, Hong Ling, Yi Liu, Tadashi Nakasone, and Toshio Hattori. Properties of Anti-gp41 Core Structure Antibodies, Which Compete with Sera of HIV-1-Infected Patients. Microbes Infect., 7(4):650-657, Apr 2005. PubMed ID: 15823513. Show all entries for this paper.

Verrier2001 F. Verrier, A. Nadas, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Additive effects characterize the interaction of antibodies involved in neutralization of the primary dualtropic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolate 89.6. J. Virol., 75(19):9177--86, Oct 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/19/9177. PubMed ID: 11533181. Show all entries for this paper.

vonBredow2016 Benjamin von Bredow, Juan F. Arias, Lisa N. Heyer, Brian Moldt, Khoa Le, James E. Robinson, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Dennis R. Burton, and David T. Evans. Comparison of Antibody-Dependent Cell-Mediated Cytotoxicity and Virus Neutralization by HIV-1 Env-Specific Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 90(13):6127-6139, 1 Jul 2016. PubMed ID: 27122574. Show all entries for this paper.

Wisnewski1996 A. Wisnewski, L. Cavacini, and M. Posner. Human antibody variable region gene usage in HIV-1 infection. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr. Hum. Retrovirol., 11:31-38, 1996. PubMed ID: 8528730. Show all entries for this paper.

Witt2017 Kristen C. Witt, Luis Castillo-Menendez, Haitao Ding, Nicole Espy, Shijian Zhang, John C. Kappes, and Joseph Sodroski. Antigenic Characterization of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1) Envelope Glycoprotein Precursor Incorporated into Nanodiscs. PLoS One, 12(2):e0170672, 2017. PubMed ID: 28151945. Show all entries for this paper.

Xu1991 J.-Y. Xu, M. K. Gorny, T. Palker, S. Karwowska, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Epitope mapping of two immunodominant domains of gp41, the transmembrane protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1, using ten human monoclonal antibodies. J. Virol., 65:4832-4838, 1991. The immunodominance of linear epitope in the region 590-600 of gp41 (cluster I) was established, and a second conformational epitope was mapped that reacted with a region between amino acids 644 and 663 (cluster II). Titration experiments showed that there was 100-fold more antibody to cluster I than cluster II in patient sera. PubMed ID: 1714520. Show all entries for this paper.

Yuan2009 Wen Yuan, Xing Li, Marta Kasterka, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Joseph Sodroski. Oligomer-Specific Conformations of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1) gp41 Envelope Glycoprotein Ectodomain Recognized by Human Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 25(3):319-328, Mar 2009. PubMed ID: 19292593. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 849

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MAb ID Chessie 8 (C8)
HXB2 Location Env Env Epitope Map
Author Location  
Research Contact G. Lewis
Epitope
Ab Type gp41 cytoplasmic domain
Neutralizing  
Species (Isotype) mouse(IgG)
Patient  
Immunogen  
Keywords antibody binding site, antibody interactions, complement

Notes

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References

Showing 7 of 7 references.

Lewis1991 G. Lewis, Y. Abacioglu, T. Fouts, J. Samson, M. Mooreman, G. Baue r, R. Tuskan, G. Cole, and R. Kamin-Lewis. Epitope Dominance in the Antibody Response to Recombinant gp160 of HIV-IIIB. Vaccines 91, :157-163, 1991. Editors: F. Brown, R. Chanock and H. S. Ginsberg and R. Lerner Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY. Show all entries for this paper.

Poumbourios1995 P. Poumbourios, W. El Ahmar, D. A. McPhee, and B. E. Kemp. Determinants of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoprotein oligomeric structure. J. Virol., 69:1209-1218, 1995. PubMed ID: 7815497. Show all entries for this paper.

Rovinski1995 B. Rovinski, L. Rodrigues, S. X. Cao, F. L. Yao, U. McGuinness, C. Sia, G. Cates, S. Zolla-Pazner, S. Karwowska, T. J. Matthews, C. B. McDanal, J. Mascola, and M. H. Klein. Induction of HIV Type 1 Neutralizing and Env-CD4 Blocking Antibodies by Immunization with Genetically Engineered HIV Type 1-Like Particles Containing Unprocessed gp160 Glycoproteins. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 11:1187-1195, 1995. PubMed ID: 8573374. Show all entries for this paper.

SmithFranklin2002 Beverly A. Smith-Franklin, Brandon F. Keele, John G. Tew, Suzanne Gartner, Andras K. Szakal, Jacob D. Estes, Tyler C. Thacker, and Gregory F. Burton. Follicular Dendritic Cells and the Persistence of HIV Infectivity: The Role of Antibodies and Fc-gamma Receptors. J. Immunol., 168(5):2408-2414, 1 Mar 2002. PubMed ID: 11859132. Show all entries for this paper.

Usami2005 Osamu Usami, Peng Xiao, Hong Ling, Yi Liu, Tadashi Nakasone, and Toshio Hattori. Properties of Anti-gp41 Core Structure Antibodies, Which Compete with Sera of HIV-1-Infected Patients. Microbes Infect., 7(4):650-657, Apr 2005. PubMed ID: 15823513. Show all entries for this paper.

Hildgartner2009 Alexander Hildgartner, Doris Wilflingseder, Christoph Gassner, Manfred P. Dierich, Heribert Stoiber, and Zoltán Bánki. Induction of Complement-Mediated Lysis of HIV-1 by a Combination of HIV-Specific and HLA Allotype-Specific Antibodies. Immunol. Lett., 126(1-2):85-90, 22 Sep 2009. PubMed ID: 19698750. Show all entries for this paper.

Vincent2012 Nadine Vincent and Etienne Malvoisin. Ability of Antibodies Specific to the HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein to Block the Fusion Inhibitor T20 in a Cell-Cell Fusion Assay. Immunobiology, 217(10):943-950, Oct 2012. PubMed ID: 22387075. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 1221

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MAb ID T26
HXB2 Location Env Env Epitope Map
Author Location gp41
Research Contact Patricia Earl, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Epitope
Ab Type C-term
Neutralizing  
Species (Isotype) mouse
Patient  
Immunogen vaccine
Keywords antibody binding site, antibody generation, rate of progression, variant cross-reactivity

Vaccine Details

Vaccine type protein

Notes

Showing 4 of 4 notes.

References

Showing 4 of 4 references.

Earl1994 P. L. Earl, C. C. Broder, D. Long, S. A. Lee, J. Peterson, S. Chakrabarti, R. W. Doms, and B. Moss. Native oligomeric human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Envelope glycoprotein elicits diverse monoclonal antibody reactivities. J. Virol., 68:3015-3026, 1994. In a study of the repertoire of response to oligomeric versus monomeric Env protein, 138 murine MAbs were generated in response to an immunogen that was a gp120/bp41 oligomeric molecule that was not cleaved due to a mutation in the cleavage site. The oligomeric molecule was found to elicit a response that was very different than the monomer. Most MAbs were conformational, many were to gp41 or if in gp120, to the CD4 BS. Few MAbs to linear V3 epitopes were produced in response to oligomeric protein, though this was a common specificity in response to immunization with gp120 monomeric protein. PubMed ID: 7512157. Show all entries for this paper.

Earl1997 P. L. Earl, C. C. Broder, R. W. Doms, and B. Moss. Epitope map of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp41 derived from 47 monoclonal antibodies produced by immunization with oligomeric envelope protein. J. Virol., 71:2674-84, 1997. PubMed ID: 9060620. Show all entries for this paper.

Kilgore2003 Nicole R. Kilgore, Karl Salzwedel, Mary Reddick, Graham P. Allaway, and Carl T. Wild. Direct Evidence that C-Peptide Inhibitors of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Entry Bind to the gp41 N-Helical Domain in Receptor-Activated Viral Envelope. J. Virol., 77(13):7669-7672, Jul 2003. PubMed ID: 12805467. Show all entries for this paper.

Usami2005 Osamu Usami, Peng Xiao, Hong Ling, Yi Liu, Tadashi Nakasone, and Toshio Hattori. Properties of Anti-gp41 Core Structure Antibodies, Which Compete with Sera of HIV-1-Infected Patients. Microbes Infect., 7(4):650-657, Apr 2005. PubMed ID: 15823513. Show all entries for this paper.


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