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Displaying record number 321

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MAb ID G3-4 (G3.4)
HXB2 Location gp160(170-180)
DNA(6732..6764)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120(170-180 BH10)
Research Contact Tanox Biosystems Inc and David Ho, ADARC, NY
Epitope QKEYAFFYKLD Epitope Alignment
QKEYAFFYKLD epitope logo
Ab Type gp120 V2 // V2 glycan(V2g) // V2 apex
Neutralizing L
Species (Isotype) mouse(IgG2bκ)
Patient  
Immunogen vaccine
Keywords antibody binding site, antibody generation, antibody interactions, binding affinity, vaccine antigen design

Vaccine Details

Vaccine type protein
Vaccine strain B clade IIIB
Vaccine component gp120

Notes

Showing 29 of 29 notes.

References

Showing 34 of 34 references.

Isolation Paper
Ho1991 D. D. Ho, M. S. C. Fung, Y. Cao, X. L. Li, C. Sun, T. W. Chang, and N.-C. Sun. Another discontinuous epitope on glycoprotein gp120 that is important in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 neutralization is identified by a monoclonal antibody. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 88:8949-8952, 1991. A description of the neutralizing murine MAb G3-4. Evidence suggested that the G3-4 epitope was discontinuous, but later studies showed marginal peptide binding in the V2 region. PubMed ID: 1717992. Show all entries for this paper.

Ho1992 D. D. Ho, M. S. C. Fung, H. Yoshiyama, Y. Cao, and J. E. Robinson. Discontinuous Epitopes on gp120 Important in HIV-1 Neutralization. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 8:1337-1339, 1992. Further description of the human MAb 15e and the murine MAb G3-4. gp120 mutants that affect 15e epitope binding: 113, 257, 368, 370, 421, 427, 475; four of these coincide with amino acids important for the CD4 binding domain. G3-4 is neutralizing and behaves like a discontinuous epitope, and partially blocks sCD4 binding. PubMed ID: 1281654. Show all entries for this paper.

Fung1992 M. S. C. Fung, C. R. Y. Sun, W. L. Gordon, R.-S. Liou, T. W. Chang, W. N. C. Sun, E. S. Daar, and D. D. Ho. Identification and characterization of a neutralization site within the second variable region of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp120. J. Virol., 66:848-856, 1992. Two anti-envelope V2 antibodies were raised that neutralize virus in either a conformation dependent (G3-136) or conformation independent (BAT085) manner. G3-136 has diminished reactivity with deglycosylation or DTT reduced gp120, and sCD4 inhibits binding in a competition assay; BAT085 is not sensitive to these alterations in gp120. PubMed ID: 1370558. Show all entries for this paper.

McKeating1992a J. A. McKeating, J. Cordell, C. J. Dean, and P. Balfe. Synergistic Interaction between Ligands Binding to the CD4 Binding Site and V3 Domain of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type I gp120. Virology, 191:732-742, 1992. PubMed ID: 1280382. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1993a J. P. Moore and D. D. Ho. Antibodies to discontinuous or conformationally sensitive epitopes on the gp120 glycoprotein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 are highly prevalent in sera of infected humans. J. Virol., 67:863-875, 1993. CD4BS antibodies are prevalent in HIV-1-positive sera, while neutralizing MAbs to C4, V2, and V3 and MAbs to linear epitopes are less common. Most linear epitope MAbs in human sera are directed against the V3 region, and cross-reactive MAbs tend to be directed against discontinuous epitopes. PubMed ID: 7678308. Show all entries for this paper.

Sullivan1993 N. Sullivan, M. Thali, C. Furman, D. Ho, and J. Sodroski. Effect of Amino Acid Changes in the V2 Region of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Glycoprotein on Subunit Association, Syncytium Formation, and Recognition by a Neutralizing Antibody. J. Virol., 67:3674-3679, 1993. Recognition of neutralizing MAb G3-4 was altered by substitutions in 176 to 184 in the V2 loop. Some changes in the V2 loop can affect subunit assembly; other changes allow expression and CD4 binding but inhibit syncytium formation and viral entry, suggesting that V1/V2 may be involved in post receptor binding events. PubMed ID: 8497077. Show all entries for this paper.

Sattentau1993 Q. J. Sattentau, J. P. Moore, F. Vignaux, F. Traincard, and P. Poignard. Conformational changes induced in the envelope glycoproteins of the human and simian immunodeficiency viruses by soluble receptor binding. J. Virol., 67:7383-7393, 1993. PubMed ID: 7693970. Show all entries for this paper.

Thali1993 M. Thali, J. P. Moore, C. Furman, M. Charles, D. D. Ho, J. Robinson, and J. Sodroski. Characterization of Conserved Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Neutralization Epitopes Exposed upon gp120-CD4 Binding. J. Virol., 67:3978-3988, 1993. Five regions are likely to contribute to the 48d and 17b discontinuous epitopes, either directly or through local conformational effects: the hydrophobic ring-like structure formed by the disulfide bond that links C3 and C4, the base of the stem-loop that contains V1 and V2, and the hydrophobic region in C2 from Arg 252 to Asp 262. Additionally changes in Glu 370, and Met 475 in C5, affected binding and neutralization. The hydrophobic character of these critical regions is consistent with the limited exposure on gp120 prior to CD4 binding. PubMed ID: 7685405. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1993b J. P. Moore, Q. J. Sattentau, H. Yoshiyama, M. Thali, M. Charles, N. Sullivan, S.-W. Poon, M. S. Fung, F. Traincard, M. Pinkus, G. Robey, J. E. Robinson, D. D. Ho, and J. Sodroski. Probing the Structure of the V2 Domain of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Surface Glycoprotein gp120 with a Panel of Eight Monoclonal Antibodies: Human Immune Response to the V1 and V2 domains. J. Virol., 67:6136-6151, 1993. PubMed ID: 7690418. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1994b J. P. Moore, F. E. McCutchan, S.-W. Poon, J. Mascola, J. Liu, Y. Cao, and D. D. Ho. Exploration of Antigenic Variation in gp120 from Clades A through F of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 by Using Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 68:8350-8364, 1994. Four of five anti-V3 MAbs were slightly cross-reactive within clade B, but not very reactive outside clade B. Two discontinuous CD4 binding site Mabs appear to be pan-reactive. Anti-V2 MAbs were only sporadically reactive inside and outside of clade B. PubMed ID: 7525988. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1994 M. K. Gorny, J. P. Moore, A. J. Conley, S. Karwowska, J. Sodroski, C. Williams, S. Burda, L. J. Boots, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Human Anti-V2 Monoclonal Antibody That Neutralizes Primary but Not Laboratory Isolates of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. J. Virol., 68:8312-8320, 1994. Detailed characterization of the MAb 697-D. PubMed ID: 7525987. Show all entries for this paper.

Thali1994 M. Thali, M. Charles, C. Furman, L. Cavacini, M. Posner, J. Robinson, and J. Sodroski. Resistance to Neutralization by Broadly Reactive Antibodies to the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Glycoprotein Conferred by a gp41 Amino Acid Change. J. Virol., 68:674-680, 1994. A T->A amino acid substitution at position 582 of gp41 conferred resistance to neutralization to 30\% of HIV positive sera (Wilson et al. J Virol 64:3240-48 (1990)). Monoclonal antibodies that bound to the CD4 binding site were unable to neutralize this virus, but the mutation did not reduce the neutralizing capacity of a V2 region MAb G3-4, V3 region MAbs, or gp41 neutralizing MAb 2F5. PubMed ID: 7507184. Show all entries for this paper.

Yoshiyama1994 H. Yoshiyama, H.-M. Mo, J. P. Moore, and D. D. Ho. Characterization of Mutants of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 That Have Escaped Neutralization by Monoclonal Antibody G3-4 to the gp120 V2 Loop. J. Virol., 68:974-978, 1994. MAb G3-4 binds a conformationally sensitive epitope in the V2 loop of HIV-1 RF. RF was cultured in the presence of G3-4 to select for neutralization resistance. Three independent experiments yielded escape mutants, and sequencing revealed two V2 mutations to be responsible for the neutralization escape phenotype, 177 Y/H and 179 L/P. Experimental introduction of the 179 P substitution resulted in non-viable virus, and 177 H confirmed the resistance phenotype. PubMed ID: 7507188. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1995 L. Stamatatos and C. Cheng-Mayer. Structural Modulations of the Envelope gp120 Glycoprotein of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 upon Oligomerization and the Differential V3 Loop Epitope Exposure of Isolates Displaying Distinct Tropism upon Viral-Soluble Receptor Binding. J. Virol., 69:6191-6198, 1995. PubMed ID: 7545244. Show all entries for this paper.

Wu1995 Z. Wu, S. C. Kayman, W. Honnen, K. Revesz, H. Chen, S. V. Warrier, S. A. Tilley, J. McKeating, C. Shotton, and A. Pinter. Characterization of Neutralization Epitopes in the V2 Region of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120: Role of Glycosylation in the Correct Folding of the V1/V2 Domain. J. Virol., 69:2271-2278, 1995. Most epitopes based only on numbering. PubMed ID: 7533854. Show all entries for this paper.

Sattentau1995a Q. J. Sattentau and J. P. Moore. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 neutralization is determined by epitope exposure on the gp120 oligomer. J. Exp. Med., 182:185-196, 1995. This study suggests that antibodies specific for one of five different binding regions on gp120 are associated with viral neutralization: V2, V3, C4, the CD4 binding site, and a complex discontinuous epitope that does not interfere with CD4 binding. Kinetic binding properties of a set of MAbs that bind to these regions were studied, analyzing binding to both functional oligomeric LAI gp120 and soluble monomeric LAI BH10 gp120; neutralization ID$_50$s were also evaluated. It was found that the neutralization ID$_50$s was related to the ability to bind oligomeric, not monomeric, gp120, and concluded that with the exception of the V3 loop, regions of gp120 that are immunogenic will be poorly presented on cell-line-adapted virions. Further, the association rate, estimated as the t$_1/2$ to reach equilibrium binding to multimeric, virion associated, gp120, appears to be a major factor relating to affinity and potency of the neutralization response to cell-line-adapted virus. PubMed ID: 7540648. Show all entries for this paper.

Jagodzinski1996 P. P. Jagodzinski, J. Wustner, D. Kmieciak, T. J. Wasik, A. Fertala, A. L. Sieron, M. Takahashi, T. Tsuji, T. Mimura, M. S. Fung, M. K. Gorny, M. Kloczewiak, Y. Kaneko, and D. Kozbor. Role of the V2, V3, and CD4-Binding Domains of GP120 in Curdlan Sulfate Neutralization Sensitivity of HIV-1 during Infection of T Lymphocytes. Virology, 226:217-227, 1996. PubMed ID: 8955041. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1996 J. P. Moore and J. Sodroski. Antibody cross-competition analysis of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp120 exterior envelope glycoprotein. J. Virol., 70:1863-1872, 1996. 46 anti-gp120 monomer MAbs were used to create a competition matrix, and MAb competition groups were defined. The data suggests that there are two faces of the gp120 glycoprotein: a face occupied by the CD4BS, which is presumably also exposed on the oligomeric envelope glycoprotein complex, and a second face which is presumably inaccessible on the oligomer and interacts with a number of nonneutralizing antibodies. PubMed ID: 8627711. Show all entries for this paper.

Poignard1996b P. Poignard, T. Fouts, D. Naniche, J. P. Moore, and Q. J. Sattentau. Neutralizing antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus type-1 gp120 induce envelope glycoprotein subunit dissociation. J. Exp. Med., 183:473-484, 1996. Binding of Anti-V3 and the CD4I neutralizing MAbs induces shedding of gp120 on cells infected with the T-cell line-adapted HIV-1 molecular clone Hx10. This was shown by significant increases of gp120 in the supernatant, and exposure of a gp41 epitope that is masked in the oligomer. MAbs binding either to the V2 loop or to CD4BS discontinuous epitopes do not induce gp120 dissociation. This suggests HIV neutralization probably is caused by several mechanisms, and one of the mechanisms may involve gp120 dissociation. PubMed ID: 8627160. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley1997 J. M. Binley, H. Arshad, T. R. Fouts, and J. P. Moore. An investigation of the high avidity antibody response to gp120 of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 13:1007-1015, 1997. PubMed ID: 9264287. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1997 L. Stamatatos, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and C. Cheng-Mayer. Binding of Antibodies to Virion-Associated gp120 Molecules of Primary-Like Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Isolates: Effect on HIV-1 Infection of Macrophages and Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells. Virology, 229:360-369, 1997. PubMed ID: 9126249. Show all entries for this paper.

Ditzel1997 H. J. Ditzel, P. W. Parren, J. M. Binley, J. Sodroski, J. P. Moore, C. F. Barbas, III, and D. R. Burton. Mapping the Protein Surface of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Using Human Monoclonal Antibodies from Phage Display Libraries. J. Mol. Biol., 267:684-695, 1997. (Genbank: U82767 U82768 U82769 U82770 U82771 U82772 U82942 U82943 U82944 U82945 U82946 U82947 U82948 U82949 U82950 U82951 U82952 U82961 U82962) Recombinant monoclonal antibodies from phage display libraries provide a method for Env surface epitope mapping. Diverse epitopes are accessed by presenting gp120 to the library in different forms, such as sequential masking of epitopes with existing MAbs or sCD4 prior to selection or by selection on peptides. Fabs identified by these methods have specificities associated with epitopes presented poorly on native multimeric envelope. PubMed ID: 9126846. Show all entries for this paper.

Wyatt1997 R. Wyatt, E. Desjardin, U. Olshevsky, C. Nixon, J. Binley, V. Olshevsky, and J. Sodroski. Analysis of the Interaction of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Envelope Glycoprotein with the gp41 Transmembrane Glycoprotein. J. Virol., 71:9722-9731, 1997. This study characterized the binding of gp120 and gp41 by comparing Ab reactivity to soluble gp120 and to a soluble complex of gp120 and gp41 called sgp140. The occlusion of gp120 epitopes in the sgp140 complex provides a guide to the gp120 domains that interact with gp41, localizing them in C1 and C5 of gp120. Mutations that disrupt the binding of the occluded antibodies do not influence NAb binding or CD4 binding, thus if the gp41 binding domain is deleted, the immunologically desirable features of gp120 for vaccine design are still intact. PubMed ID: 9371638. Show all entries for this paper.

Parren1998 P. W. Parren, I. Mondor, D. Naniche, H. J. Ditzel, P. J. Klasse, D. R. Burton, and Q. J. Sattentau. Neutralization of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 by antibody to gp120 is determined primarily by occupancy of sites on the virion irrespective of epitope specificity. J. Virol., 72:3512-9, 1998. The authors propose that the occupancy of binding sites on HIV-1 virions is the major factor in determining neutralization, irrespective of epitope specificity. Neutralization was assayed T-cell-line-adapted HIV-1 isolates. Binding of Fabs to monomeric rgp120 was not correlated with binding to functional oligomeric gp120 or neutralization, while binding to functional oligomeric gp120 was highly correlated with neutralization. The ratios of oligomer binding/neutralization were similar for antibodies to different neutralization epitopes, with a few exceptions. PubMed ID: 9557629. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1998 L. Stamatatos and C. Cheng-Mayer. An Envelope Modification That Renders a Primary, Neutralization-Resistant Clade B Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate Highly Susceptible to Neutralization by Sera from Other Clades. J. Virol., 72:7840-7845, 1998. PubMed ID: 9733820. Show all entries for this paper.

Ly2000 A. Ly and L. Stamatatos. V2 Loop Glycosylation of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 SF162 Envelope Facilitates Interaction of this Protein with CD4 and CCR5 Receptors and Protects the Virus from Neutralization by Anti-V3 Loop and Anti-CD4 Binding Site Antibodies. J. Virol., 74:6769-6776, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888615. Show all entries for this paper.

Srivastava2002 Indresh K. Srivastava, Leonidas Stamatatos, Harold Legg, Elaine Kan, Anne Fong, Stephen R. Coates, Louisa Leung, Mark Wininger, John J. Donnelly, Jeffrey B. Ulmer, and Susan W. Barnett. Purification and Characterization of Oligomeric Envelope Glycoprotein from a Primary R5 Subtype B Human Immunodeficiency Virus. J. Virol., 76(6):2835-2847, Mar 2002. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/76/6/2835. PubMed ID: 11861851. Show all entries for this paper.

Zwick2003a Michael B. Zwick, Robert Kelleher, Richard Jensen, Aran F. Labrijn, Meng Wang, Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr., Paul W. H. I. Parren, and Dennis R. Burton. A Novel Human Antibody against Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Is V1, V2, and V3 Loop Dependent and Helps Delimit the Epitope of the Broadly Neutralizing Antibody Immunoglobulin G1 b12. J. Virol., 77(12):6965-6978, Jun 2003. PubMed ID: 12768015. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2003b Ralph Pantophlet, Ian A. Wilson, and Dennis R. Burton. Hyperglycosylated Mutants of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Type 1 Monomeric gp120 as Novel Antigens for HIV Vaccine Design. J. Virol., 77(10):5889-8901, May 2003. PubMed ID: 12719582. Show all entries for this paper.

McCaffrey2004 Ruth A McCaffrey, Cheryl Saunders, Mike Hensel, and Leonidas Stamatatos. N-Linked Glycosylation of the V3 Loop and the Immunologically Silent Face of gp120 Protects Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 SF162 from Neutralization by Anti-gp120 and Anti-gp41 Antibodies. J. Virol., 78(7):3279-3295, Apr 2004. PubMed ID: 15016849. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2004 R. Pantophlet, I. A. Wilson, and D. R. Burton. Improved Design of an Antigen with Enhanced Specificity for the Broadly HIV-Neutralizing Antibody b12. Protein Eng. Des. Sel., 17(10):749-758, Oct 2004. PubMed ID: 15542540. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2005 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Leonidas Stamatatos, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Constance Williams, Xiao-Hong Wang, Sandra Cohen, Robert Staudinger, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Identification of a New Quaternary Neutralizing Epitope on Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virus Particles. J. Virol., 79(8):5232-5237, Apr 2005. PubMed ID: 15795308. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley2006 James M. Binley, Stacie Ngo-Abdalla, Penny Moore, Michael Bobardt, Udayan Chatterji, Philippe Gallay, Dennis R. Burton, Ian A. Wilson, John H. Elder, and Aymeric de Parseval. Inhibition of HIV Env Binding to Cellular Receptors by Monoclonal Antibody 2G12 as Probed by Fc-Tagged gp120. Retrovirology, 3:39, 2006. PubMed ID: 16817962. Show all entries for this paper.

Derby2006 Nina R. Derby, Zane Kraft, Elaine Kan, Emma T. Crooks, Susan W. Barnett, Indresh K. Srivastava, James M. Binley, and Leonidas Stamatatos. Antibody Responses Elicited in Macaques Immunized with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) SF162-Derived gp140 Envelope Immunogens: Comparison with Those Elicited during Homologous Simian/Human Immunodeficiency Virus SHIVSF162P4 and Heterologous HIV-1 Infection. J. Virol., 80(17):8745-8762, Sep 2006. PubMed ID: 16912322. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 323

Download this epitope record as JSON.

MAb ID G3-136 (G3.136)
HXB2 Location gp160(170-180)
DNA(6732..6764)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120(170-180 IIIB)
Research Contact Tanox Biosystems Inc and David Ho, ADARC, NY
Epitope QKEYAFFYKLD Epitope Alignment
QKEYAFFYKLD epitope logo
Ab Type gp120 V2 // V2 glycan(V2g) // V2 apex
Neutralizing L
Species (Isotype) mouse(IgG)
Patient  
Immunogen vaccine
Keywords antibody interactions, vaccine antigen design

Vaccine Details

Vaccine type protein
Vaccine strain B clade IIIB
Vaccine component gp120

Notes

Showing 16 of 16 notes.

References

Showing 20 of 20 references.

Isolation Paper
Fung1992 M. S. C. Fung, C. R. Y. Sun, W. L. Gordon, R.-S. Liou, T. W. Chang, W. N. C. Sun, E. S. Daar, and D. D. Ho. Identification and characterization of a neutralization site within the second variable region of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp120. J. Virol., 66:848-856, 1992. Two anti-envelope V2 antibodies were raised that neutralize virus in either a conformation dependent (G3-136) or conformation independent (BAT085) manner. G3-136 has diminished reactivity with deglycosylation or DTT reduced gp120, and sCD4 inhibits binding in a competition assay; BAT085 is not sensitive to these alterations in gp120. PubMed ID: 1370558. Show all entries for this paper.

Pirofski1993 L.-A. Pirofski, E. K. Thomas, and M. D. Scharff. Variable region gene utilization and mutation in a group of neutralizing murine anti-human immunodeficiency virus type 1 principal neutralizing determinant antibodies. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 9:41-49, 1993. Observed restricted subset of murine V heavy and light chain gene elements in a set of 5 antibodies that bind to the tip of the V3 loop. PubMed ID: 7678971. Show all entries for this paper.

Thali1993 M. Thali, J. P. Moore, C. Furman, M. Charles, D. D. Ho, J. Robinson, and J. Sodroski. Characterization of Conserved Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Neutralization Epitopes Exposed upon gp120-CD4 Binding. J. Virol., 67:3978-3988, 1993. Five regions are likely to contribute to the 48d and 17b discontinuous epitopes, either directly or through local conformational effects: the hydrophobic ring-like structure formed by the disulfide bond that links C3 and C4, the base of the stem-loop that contains V1 and V2, and the hydrophobic region in C2 from Arg 252 to Asp 262. Additionally changes in Glu 370, and Met 475 in C5, affected binding and neutralization. The hydrophobic character of these critical regions is consistent with the limited exposure on gp120 prior to CD4 binding. PubMed ID: 7685405. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1993a J. P. Moore and D. D. Ho. Antibodies to discontinuous or conformationally sensitive epitopes on the gp120 glycoprotein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 are highly prevalent in sera of infected humans. J. Virol., 67:863-875, 1993. CD4BS antibodies are prevalent in HIV-1-positive sera, while neutralizing MAbs to C4, V2, and V3 and MAbs to linear epitopes are less common. Most linear epitope MAbs in human sera are directed against the V3 region, and cross-reactive MAbs tend to be directed against discontinuous epitopes. PubMed ID: 7678308. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1993b J. P. Moore, Q. J. Sattentau, H. Yoshiyama, M. Thali, M. Charles, N. Sullivan, S.-W. Poon, M. S. Fung, F. Traincard, M. Pinkus, G. Robey, J. E. Robinson, D. D. Ho, and J. Sodroski. Probing the Structure of the V2 Domain of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Surface Glycoprotein gp120 with a Panel of Eight Monoclonal Antibodies: Human Immune Response to the V1 and V2 domains. J. Virol., 67:6136-6151, 1993. PubMed ID: 7690418. Show all entries for this paper.

Yoshiyama1994 H. Yoshiyama, H.-M. Mo, J. P. Moore, and D. D. Ho. Characterization of Mutants of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 That Have Escaped Neutralization by Monoclonal Antibody G3-4 to the gp120 V2 Loop. J. Virol., 68:974-978, 1994. MAb G3-4 binds a conformationally sensitive epitope in the V2 loop of HIV-1 RF. RF was cultured in the presence of G3-4 to select for neutralization resistance. Three independent experiments yielded escape mutants, and sequencing revealed two V2 mutations to be responsible for the neutralization escape phenotype, 177 Y/H and 179 L/P. Experimental introduction of the 179 P substitution resulted in non-viable virus, and 177 H confirmed the resistance phenotype. PubMed ID: 7507188. Show all entries for this paper.

Sattentau1995a Q. J. Sattentau and J. P. Moore. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 neutralization is determined by epitope exposure on the gp120 oligomer. J. Exp. Med., 182:185-196, 1995. This study suggests that antibodies specific for one of five different binding regions on gp120 are associated with viral neutralization: V2, V3, C4, the CD4 binding site, and a complex discontinuous epitope that does not interfere with CD4 binding. Kinetic binding properties of a set of MAbs that bind to these regions were studied, analyzing binding to both functional oligomeric LAI gp120 and soluble monomeric LAI BH10 gp120; neutralization ID$_50$s were also evaluated. It was found that the neutralization ID$_50$s was related to the ability to bind oligomeric, not monomeric, gp120, and concluded that with the exception of the V3 loop, regions of gp120 that are immunogenic will be poorly presented on cell-line-adapted virions. Further, the association rate, estimated as the t$_1/2$ to reach equilibrium binding to multimeric, virion associated, gp120, appears to be a major factor relating to affinity and potency of the neutralization response to cell-line-adapted virus. PubMed ID: 7540648. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1995 L. Stamatatos and C. Cheng-Mayer. Structural Modulations of the Envelope gp120 Glycoprotein of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 upon Oligomerization and the Differential V3 Loop Epitope Exposure of Isolates Displaying Distinct Tropism upon Viral-Soluble Receptor Binding. J. Virol., 69:6191-6198, 1995. PubMed ID: 7545244. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1996 J. P. Moore and J. Sodroski. Antibody cross-competition analysis of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp120 exterior envelope glycoprotein. J. Virol., 70:1863-1872, 1996. 46 anti-gp120 monomer MAbs were used to create a competition matrix, and MAb competition groups were defined. The data suggests that there are two faces of the gp120 glycoprotein: a face occupied by the CD4BS, which is presumably also exposed on the oligomeric envelope glycoprotein complex, and a second face which is presumably inaccessible on the oligomer and interacts with a number of nonneutralizing antibodies. PubMed ID: 8627711. Show all entries for this paper.

Poignard1996b P. Poignard, T. Fouts, D. Naniche, J. P. Moore, and Q. J. Sattentau. Neutralizing antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus type-1 gp120 induce envelope glycoprotein subunit dissociation. J. Exp. Med., 183:473-484, 1996. Binding of Anti-V3 and the CD4I neutralizing MAbs induces shedding of gp120 on cells infected with the T-cell line-adapted HIV-1 molecular clone Hx10. This was shown by significant increases of gp120 in the supernatant, and exposure of a gp41 epitope that is masked in the oligomer. MAbs binding either to the V2 loop or to CD4BS discontinuous epitopes do not induce gp120 dissociation. This suggests HIV neutralization probably is caused by several mechanisms, and one of the mechanisms may involve gp120 dissociation. PubMed ID: 8627160. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley1997 J. M. Binley, H. Arshad, T. R. Fouts, and J. P. Moore. An investigation of the high avidity antibody response to gp120 of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 13:1007-1015, 1997. PubMed ID: 9264287. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1997 L. Stamatatos, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and C. Cheng-Mayer. Binding of Antibodies to Virion-Associated gp120 Molecules of Primary-Like Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Isolates: Effect on HIV-1 Infection of Macrophages and Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells. Virology, 229:360-369, 1997. PubMed ID: 9126249. Show all entries for this paper.

Ditzel1997 H. J. Ditzel, P. W. Parren, J. M. Binley, J. Sodroski, J. P. Moore, C. F. Barbas, III, and D. R. Burton. Mapping the Protein Surface of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Using Human Monoclonal Antibodies from Phage Display Libraries. J. Mol. Biol., 267:684-695, 1997. (Genbank: U82767 U82768 U82769 U82770 U82771 U82772 U82942 U82943 U82944 U82945 U82946 U82947 U82948 U82949 U82950 U82951 U82952 U82961 U82962) Recombinant monoclonal antibodies from phage display libraries provide a method for Env surface epitope mapping. Diverse epitopes are accessed by presenting gp120 to the library in different forms, such as sequential masking of epitopes with existing MAbs or sCD4 prior to selection or by selection on peptides. Fabs identified by these methods have specificities associated with epitopes presented poorly on native multimeric envelope. PubMed ID: 9126846. Show all entries for this paper.

Wyatt1997 R. Wyatt, E. Desjardin, U. Olshevsky, C. Nixon, J. Binley, V. Olshevsky, and J. Sodroski. Analysis of the Interaction of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Envelope Glycoprotein with the gp41 Transmembrane Glycoprotein. J. Virol., 71:9722-9731, 1997. This study characterized the binding of gp120 and gp41 by comparing Ab reactivity to soluble gp120 and to a soluble complex of gp120 and gp41 called sgp140. The occlusion of gp120 epitopes in the sgp140 complex provides a guide to the gp120 domains that interact with gp41, localizing them in C1 and C5 of gp120. Mutations that disrupt the binding of the occluded antibodies do not influence NAb binding or CD4 binding, thus if the gp41 binding domain is deleted, the immunologically desirable features of gp120 for vaccine design are still intact. PubMed ID: 9371638. Show all entries for this paper.

Parren1998 P. W. Parren, I. Mondor, D. Naniche, H. J. Ditzel, P. J. Klasse, D. R. Burton, and Q. J. Sattentau. Neutralization of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 by antibody to gp120 is determined primarily by occupancy of sites on the virion irrespective of epitope specificity. J. Virol., 72:3512-9, 1998. The authors propose that the occupancy of binding sites on HIV-1 virions is the major factor in determining neutralization, irrespective of epitope specificity. Neutralization was assayed T-cell-line-adapted HIV-1 isolates. Binding of Fabs to monomeric rgp120 was not correlated with binding to functional oligomeric gp120 or neutralization, while binding to functional oligomeric gp120 was highly correlated with neutralization. The ratios of oligomer binding/neutralization were similar for antibodies to different neutralization epitopes, with a few exceptions. PubMed ID: 9557629. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1998 L. Stamatatos and C. Cheng-Mayer. An Envelope Modification That Renders a Primary, Neutralization-Resistant Clade B Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate Highly Susceptible to Neutralization by Sera from Other Clades. J. Virol., 72:7840-7845, 1998. PubMed ID: 9733820. Show all entries for this paper.

Ly2000 A. Ly and L. Stamatatos. V2 Loop Glycosylation of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 SF162 Envelope Facilitates Interaction of this Protein with CD4 and CCR5 Receptors and Protects the Virus from Neutralization by Anti-V3 Loop and Anti-CD4 Binding Site Antibodies. J. Virol., 74:6769-6776, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888615. Show all entries for this paper.

Zwick2003a Michael B. Zwick, Robert Kelleher, Richard Jensen, Aran F. Labrijn, Meng Wang, Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr., Paul W. H. I. Parren, and Dennis R. Burton. A Novel Human Antibody against Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Is V1, V2, and V3 Loop Dependent and Helps Delimit the Epitope of the Broadly Neutralizing Antibody Immunoglobulin G1 b12. J. Virol., 77(12):6965-6978, Jun 2003. PubMed ID: 12768015. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2003b Ralph Pantophlet, Ian A. Wilson, and Dennis R. Burton. Hyperglycosylated Mutants of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Type 1 Monomeric gp120 as Novel Antigens for HIV Vaccine Design. J. Virol., 77(10):5889-8901, May 2003. PubMed ID: 12719582. Show all entries for this paper.

Ho1991a D. D. Ho, J. A. McKeating, X. L. Li, T. Moudgil, E. S. Daar, N.-C. Sun, and J. E. Robinson. Conformational Epitope of gp120 Important in CD4 Binding and Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Neutralization Identified by a Human Monoclonal Antibody. J. Virol., 65:489-493, 1991. A description of the neutralizing human MAb 15e. It binds to HIV-1 with a broad specificity, and blocks gp120 binding to CD4, and is a discontinuous epitope; DTT reduction of env abrogates binding. PubMed ID: 1702163. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 467

Download this epitope record as JSON.

MAb ID 257-D (257, 257-2-D-IV, 257-D-IV, 257, 257-2D, 257D, ARP3023)
HXB2 Location gp160(305-309)
DNA(7137..7151)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120( MN)
Research Contact Susan Zolla-Pazner (Zollas01@mcrcr6.med.nyu) (NYU Med. Center)
Epitope KRIHI Epitope Alignment
KRIHI epitope logo
Subtype B
Ab Type gp120 V3 // V3 glycan (V3g)
Neutralizing L
Species (Isotype) human(IgG1λ)
Patient 257
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords antibody binding site, antibody generation, antibody interactions, antibody sequence, assay or method development, binding affinity, co-receptor, complement, dendritic cells, enhancing activity, kinetics, mimotopes, neutralization, review, structure, subtype comparisons, vaccine antigen design, vaccine-induced immune responses, variant cross-reactivity

Notes

Showing 42 of 42 notes.

References

Showing 42 of 42 references.

Isolation Paper
Gorny1991 M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, V. Gianakakos, S. Karwowska, C. Williams, H. W. Sheppard, C. V. Hanson, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Production of site-selected neutralizing human monoclonal antibodies against the third variable domain of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoprotein. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 88:3238-3242, 1991. PubMed ID: 2014246. Show all entries for this paper.

Beddows1999 S. Beddows, S. Lister, R. Cheingsong, C. Bruck, and J. Weber. Comparison of the Antibody Repertoire Generated in Healthy Volunteers following Immunization with a Monomeric Recombinant gp120 Construct Derived from a CCR5/CXCR4-Using Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate with Sera from Naturally Infected Individuals. J. Virol., 73:1740-1745, 1999. PubMed ID: 9882391. Show all entries for this paper.

Cavacini1993 L. A. Cavacini, C. L. Emes, J. Power, A. Buchbinder, S. Zolla-Pazner, and M. R. Posner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies to the V3 Loop of HIV-1 gp120 Mediate Variable and Distinct Effects on Binding and Viral Neutralization by a Human Monoclonal Antibody to the CD4 Binding Site. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr., 6:353-358, 1993. PubMed ID: 8455141. Show all entries for this paper.

Davis2009 Katie L. Davis, Frederic Bibollet-Ruche, Hui Li, Julie M. Decker, Olaf Kutsch, Lynn Morris, Aidy Salomon, Abraham Pinter, James A. Hoxie, Beatrice H. Hahn, Peter D. Kwong, and George M. Shaw. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 2 (HIV-2)/HIV-1 Envelope Chimeras Detect High Titers of Broadly Reactive HIV-1 V3-Specific Antibodies in Human Plasma. J. Virol., 83(3):1240-1259, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 19019969. Show all entries for this paper.

DSouza1991 M. P. D'Souza, P. Durda, C. V. Hanson, G. Milman, and Collaborating Investigators. Evaluation of Monoclonal Antibodies to HIV-1 by Neutralization and Serological Assays: An International Collaboration. AIDS, 5:1061-1070, 1991. PubMed ID: 1718320. Show all entries for this paper.

DSouza1994 M. P. D'Souza, S. J. Geyer, C. V. Hanson, R. M. Hendry, G. Milman, and Collaborating Investigators. Evaluation of Monoclonal Antibodies to HIV-1 Envelope by Neutralization and Binding Assays: An International Collaboration. AIDS, 8:169-181, 1994. PubMed ID: 7519019. Show all entries for this paper.

DSouza1995 M. P. D'Souza, G. Milman, J. A. Bradac, D. McPhee, C. V. Hanson, and R. M. Hendry. Neutralization of Primary HIV-1 Isolates by Anti-Envelope Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS, 9:867-874, 1995. Eleven labs tested the 6 human MAbs 1125H, TH9, 4.8D, 257-D-IV, TH1, 2F5, and also HIVIG for neutralization of MN, JRCSF, the two B clade primary isolates 301657 and THA/92/026, and the D clade isolate UG/92/21. 2F5 was the most broadly neutralizing, better than HIVIG. The other MAbs showed limited neutralization of only MN (anti-CD4BS MAbs 1125H, TH9, and 4.8D), or MN and JRCSF (anti-V3 MAbs 257-D-IV and TH1). PubMed ID: 7576320. Show all entries for this paper.

Fontenot1995 J. D. Fontenot, T. C. VanCott, B. S. Parekh, C. P. Pau, J. R. George, D. L. Birx, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and J. M. Gatewood. Presentation of HIV V3 Loop Epitopes for Enhanced Antigenicity, Immunogenicity and Diagnostic Potential. AIDS, 9:1121-1129, 1995. PubMed ID: 8519447. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1993 M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, S. Karwowska, A. Buchbinder, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Repertoire of Neutralizing Human Monoclonal Antibodies Specific for The V3 Domain of HIV-1 gp120. J. Immunol., 150:635-643, 1993. Characterizaton of 12 human MAbs that bind and neutralize the MN isolate with 50\% neutralization. Two of these antibodies also bound and neutralized IIIB: 447-52-D and 694/98-D; all others could not bind HXB2 peptides. All but two, 418-D and 412-D could bind to SF2 peptides. PubMed ID: 7678279. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1998 M. K. Gorny, J. R. Mascola, Z. R. Israel, T. C. VanCott, C. Williams, P. Balfe, C. Hioe, S. Brodine, S. Burda, and S. Zolla-Pazner. A Human Monoclonal Antibody Specific for the V3 Loop of HIV Type 1 Clade E Cross-Reacts with Other HIV Type 1 Clades. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 14:213-221, 1998. PubMed ID: 9491911. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2004 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Kathy Revesz, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Mark K. Louder, Christopher A. Anyangwe, Chavdar Krachmarov, Samuel C. Kayman, Abraham Pinter, Arthur Nadas, Phillipe N. Nyambi, John R. Mascola, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. The V3 Loop is Accessible on the Surface of Most Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolates and Serves as a Neutralization Epitope. J. Virol., 78(5):2394-2404, Mar 2004. PubMed ID: 14963135. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2009 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Bradley Witover, Sherri Burda, Mateusz Urbanski, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Arthur Nadas. Preferential Use of the VH5-51 Gene Segment by the Human Immune Response to Code for Antibodies against the V3 Domain of HIV-1. Mol. Immunol., 46(5):917-926, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 18952295. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2011 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Jared Sampson, Huiguang Li, Xunqing Jiang, Maxim Totrov, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Timothy O'Neal, Barbara Volsky, Liuzhe Li, Timothy Cardozo, Phillipe Nyambi, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Xiang-Peng Kong. Human Anti-V3 HIV-1 Monoclonal Antibodies Encoded by the VH5-51/VL Lambda Genes Define a Conserved Antigenic Structure. PLoS One, 6(12):e27780, 2011. PubMed ID: 22164215. Show all entries for this paper.

Hill1997 C. M. Hill, H. Deng, D. Unutmaz, V. N. Kewalramani, L. Bastiani, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and D. R. Littman. Envelope glycoproteins from human immunodeficiency virus types 1 and 2 and simian immunodeficiency virus can use human CCR5 as a coreceptor for viral entry and make direct CD4-dependent interactions with this chemokine receptor. J. Virol., 71:6296-6304, 1997. PubMed ID: 9261346. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe1997b C. E. Hioe, S. Xu, P. Chigurupati, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Neutralization of HIV-1 Primary Isolates by Polyclonal and Monoclonal Human Antibodies. Int. Immunol., 9(9):1281-1290, Sep 1997. PubMed ID: 9310831. Show all entries for this paper.

Holl2006 Vincent Holl, Maryse Peressin, Thomas Decoville, Sylvie Schmidt, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Anne-Marie Aubertin, and Christiane Moog. Nonneutralizing Antibodies Are Able To Inhibit Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication in Macrophages and Immature Dendritic Cells. J. Virol., 80(12):6177-6181, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16731957. Show all entries for this paper.

Karwowska1992a S. Karwowska, M. K. Gorny, A. Buchbinder, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Type-specific human monoclonal antibodies cross-react with the V3-loop of various HIV-1 isolates. Vaccines 92, :171-174, 1992. Editors: F. Brown, H. S. Ginsberg and R. Lerner, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY. Show all entries for this paper.

LaCasse1998 R. A. LaCasse, K. E. Follis, T. Moudgil, M. Trahey, J. M. Binley, V. Planelles, S. Zolla-Pazner, and J. H. Nunberg. Coreceptor utilization by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is not a primary determinant of neutralization sensitivity. J. Virol., 72:2491-5, 1998. A T-cell line-adapted (TCLA) derivative of SI primary isolate 168P acquired the ability to to be neutralized by anti-V3 MAbs 257-D, 268-D and 50.1. The primary isolate could use either CCR5 or CXCR4, and was not neutralized when infection was directed via either pathway, but the TCLA derivative uses CXCR4 only and is neutralized. Thus coreceptor usage is not the primary determinant of differential neutralization sensitivity in primary versus TCLA strains. PubMed ID: 9499111. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi2000 P. N. Nyambi, H. A. Mbah, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, A. Nadas, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Conserved and Exposed Epitopes on Intact, Native, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virions of Group M. J. Virol., 74:7096-7107, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888650. Show all entries for this paper.

Oggioni1999 M. R. Oggioni, D. Medaglini, L. Romano, F. Peruzzi, T. Maggi, L. Lozzi, L. Bracci, M. Zazzi, F. Manca, P. E. Valensin, and G. Pozzi. Antigenicity and Immunogenicity of the V3 Domain of HIV Type 1 Glycoprotein 120 Expressed on the Surface of Streptococcus gordonii. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 15:451-459, 1999. PubMed ID: 10195755. Show all entries for this paper.

Park2000 E. J. Park, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and G. V. Quinnan. A global neutralization resistance phenotype of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is determined by distinct mechanisms mediating enhanced infectivity and conformational change of the envelope complex. J. Virol., 74:4183-91, 2000. PubMed ID: 10756031. Show all entries for this paper.

Patel2008 Milloni B Patel, Noah G. Hoffman, and Ronald Swanstrom. Subtype-Specific Conformational Differences within the V3 Region of Subtype B and Subtype C Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Env Proteins. J. Virol., 82(2):903-916, Jan 2008. PubMed ID: 18003735. Show all entries for this paper.

Schutten1995 M. Schutten, A. C. Andeweg, M. L. Bosch, and A. D. Osterhaus. Enhancement of Infectivity of a Non-Syncytium Inducing HIV-1 by sCD4 and by Human Antibodies that Neutralize Syncytium Inducing HIV-1. Scand. J. Immunol., 41:18-22, 1995. PubMed ID: 7824885. Show all entries for this paper.

Schutten1995a M. Schutten, J. P. Langedijk, A. C. Andeweg, R. C. Huisman, R. H. Meloen, and A. D. Osterhaus. Characterization of a V3 Domain-Specific Neutralizing Human Monoclonal Antibody That Preferentially Recognizes Non-Syncytium-Inducing Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Strains. J. Gen. Virol., 76:1665-1673, 1995. Characterization of HuMAb MN215. PubMed ID: 9049372. Show all entries for this paper.

Schutten1996 M. Schutten, K. Tenner-Racz, P. Racz, D. W. van Bekkum, and A. D. Osterhaus. Human antibodies that neutralize primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in vitro do not provide protection in an in vivo model. J. Gen. Virol., 77:1667-75, Aug 1996. PubMed ID: 8760413. Show all entries for this paper.

Schutten1997 M. Schutten, A. C. Andeweg, G. F. Rimmelzwaan, and A. D. Osterhaus. Modulation of primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoprotein-mediated entry by human antibodies. J. Gen. Virol., 78:999-1006, 1997. A series of HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins from related primary virus isolates of different SI phenotypes, together with chimeras of these proteins, were tested in an envelope trans-complementation assay for their sensitivity to either antibody mediated inhibition or enhancement of HIV-1 entry. In contrast to the inhibition of HIV-1 entry, antibody mediated enhancement was not temperature dependent and could not be mediated by F(ab) fragments, implicating cross-linking as an important step. Enhancement or inhibition seemed to be determined by virus isolate rather than by the specificity of the antiserum used. 2F5 was the only MAb that inhibited the entry of all viruses. PubMed ID: 9152416. Show all entries for this paper.

Spear1993 G. T. Spear, D. M. Takefman, B. L. Sullivan, A. L. Landay, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Complement activation by human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol., 67:53-59, 1993. This study looked at the ability of 16 human MAbs to activate complement. MAbs directed against the V3 region could induce C3 deposition on infected cells and virolysis of free virus, but antibodies to the CD4BS and C-terminal region and two regions in gp41 could induce no complement mediated effects. Pre-treatment with sCD4 could increase complement-mediated effects of anti-gp41 MAbs, but decreased the complement-mediated effects of V3 MAbs. Anti-gp41 MAbs were able to affect IIIB but not MN virolysis, suggesting spontaneous shedding of gp120 on IIIB virions exposes gp41 epitopes. IgG isotype did not appear to have an effect on virolysis or C3 deposition. PubMed ID: 7677959. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1995 L. Stamatatos and C. Cheng-Mayer. Structural Modulations of the Envelope gp120 Glycoprotein of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 upon Oligomerization and the Differential V3 Loop Epitope Exposure of Isolates Displaying Distinct Tropism upon Viral-Soluble Receptor Binding. J. Virol., 69:6191-6198, 1995. PubMed ID: 7545244. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1997 L. Stamatatos, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and C. Cheng-Mayer. Binding of Antibodies to Virion-Associated gp120 Molecules of Primary-Like Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Isolates: Effect on HIV-1 Infection of Macrophages and Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells. Virology, 229:360-369, 1997. PubMed ID: 9126249. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1998 L. Stamatatos and C. Cheng-Mayer. An Envelope Modification That Renders a Primary, Neutralization-Resistant Clade B Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate Highly Susceptible to Neutralization by Sera from Other Clades. J. Virol., 72:7840-7845, 1998. PubMed ID: 9733820. Show all entries for this paper.

Totrov2010 Maxim Totrov, Xunqing Jiang, Xiang-Peng Kong, Sandra Cohen, Chavdar Krachmarov, Aidy Salomon, Constance Williams, Michael S. Seaman, Ruben Abagyan, Timothy Cardozo, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Shixia Wang, Shan Lu, Abraham Pinter, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Structure-Guided Design and Immunological Characterization of Immunogens Presenting the HIV-1 gp120 V3 Loop on a CTB Scaffold. Virology, 405(2):513-523, 30 Sep 2010. PubMed ID: 20663531. Show all entries for this paper.

VanCott1994 T. C. VanCott, F. R. Bethke, V. R. Polonis, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, R. R. Redfield, and D. L. Birx. Dissociation Rate of Antibody-gp120 Binding Interactions Is Predictive of V3-Mediated Neutralization of HIV-1. J. Immunol., 153:449-459, 1994. Using surface plasmon resonance it was found that the rate of the dissociation of the MAb-gp120 complex, but not the association rate, correlated with MAbs ability to neutralize homologous virus (measured by 50\% inhibition of p24 production). Association constants were similar for all MAbs tested, varying less than 4-fold. Dissociation rate constants were quite variable, with 100-fold differences observed. PubMed ID: 7515931. Show all entries for this paper.

Vella2002 Cherelyn Vella, Natalie N. Zheng, Philippa Easterbrook, and Rod S. Daniels. Herpesvirus saimiri-Immortalized Human Lymphocytes: Novel Hosts for Analyzing HIV Type 1 in Vitro Neutralization. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 18(13):933-946, 1 Sep 2002. PubMed ID: 12230936. Show all entries for this paper.

Vincent2012 Nadine Vincent and Etienne Malvoisin. Ability of Antibodies Specific to the HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein to Block the Fusion Inhibitor T20 in a Cell-Cell Fusion Assay. Immunobiology, 217(10):943-950, Oct 2012. PubMed ID: 22387075. Show all entries for this paper.

Wisnewski1996 A. Wisnewski, L. Cavacini, and M. Posner. Human antibody variable region gene usage in HIV-1 infection. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr. Hum. Retrovirol., 11:31-38, 1996. PubMed ID: 8528730. Show all entries for this paper.

Yang1998 G. Yang, M. P. D'Souza, and G. N. Vyas. Neutralizing Antibodies against HIV Determined by Amplification of Viral Long Terminal Repeat Sequences from Cells Infected In Vitro by Nonneutralized Virions. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr. Hum. Retrovirol., 17:27-34, 1998. A neutralization assay was developed based on heminested PCR amplification of the LTR (HNPCR) -- LTR-HNPCR consistently revealed HIV DNA and was shown to be a rapid, specific and reliable neutralization assay based on tests with 6 MAbs and 5 HIV isolates. PubMed ID: 9436755. Show all entries for this paper.

York2001 J. York, K. E. Follis, M. Trahey, P. N. Nyambi, S. Zolla-Pazner, and J. H. Nunberg. Antibody binding and neutralization of primary and T-cell line-adapted isolates of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J. Virol., 75(6):2741--52, Mar 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/6/2741. PubMed ID: 11222697. Show all entries for this paper.

Zhang2002 Peng Fei Zhang, Peter Bouma, Eun Ju Park, Joseph B. Margolick, James E. Robinson, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Michael N. Flora, and Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr. A Variable Region 3 (V3) Mutation Determines a Global Neutralization Phenotype and CD4-Independent Infectivity of a Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Associated with a Broadly Cross-Reactive, Primary Virus-Neutralizing Antibody Response. J. Virol., 76(2):644-655, Jan 2002. PubMed ID: 11752155. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1995 S. Zolla-Pazner, J. O'Leary, S. Burda, M. K. Gorny, M. Kim, J. Mascola, and F. McCutchan. Serotyping of primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolates from diverse geographic locations by flow cytometry. J. Virol., 69:3807-3815, 1995. A set of 13 human MAbs to a variety of epitopes were tested against a panel of primary isolates of HIV-1, representing different genetic clades. The V3 loop tended to be B clade restricted, and a single gp120 C-terminus binding antibody was clade specific. Two other gp120 C-terminus binding antibodies were group specific. PubMed ID: 7745728. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999a S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, P. N. Nyambi, T. C. VanCott, and A. Nadas. Immunotyping of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV): An Approach to Immunologic Classification of HIV. J. Virol., 73:4042-4051, 1999. 21 human anti-V3 MAbs were studied with respect to cross-clade reactivity and immunological relationship to other human anti-V3 MAbs. Broad cross-reactivities were observed, and V3 peptides were grouped into immunotypes that contained peptides from several clades. PubMed ID: 10196300. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999b S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and P. N. Nyambi. The implications of antigenic diversity for vaccine development. Immunol. Lett., 66:159-64, 1999. PubMed ID: 10203049. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 474

Download this epitope record as JSON.

MAb ID 391/95-D (391-95D, 391.5, 391/95D, 391/95,391-95)
HXB2 Location gp160(305-318)
DNA(7137..7178)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120( MN)
Research Contact Susan Zolla-Pazner (Zollas01@mcrcr6.med.nyu) (NYU Med. Center)
Epitope KRIHIGPGRAFY Epitope Alignment
KRIHIGPGRAFY epitope logo
Subtype B
Ab Type gp120 V3 // V3 glycan (V3g)
Neutralizing L
Species (Isotype) human(IgG1κ)
Patient  
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords acute/early infection, antibody binding site, antibody sequence, binding affinity, co-receptor, dendritic cells, enhancing activity, neutralization, review, structure, subtype comparisons, vaccine antigen design, variant cross-reactivity

Notes

Showing 21 of 21 notes.

References

Showing 22 of 22 references.

Isolation Paper
Gorny1993 M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, S. Karwowska, A. Buchbinder, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Repertoire of Neutralizing Human Monoclonal Antibodies Specific for The V3 Domain of HIV-1 gp120. J. Immunol., 150:635-643, 1993. Characterizaton of 12 human MAbs that bind and neutralize the MN isolate with 50\% neutralization. Two of these antibodies also bound and neutralized IIIB: 447-52-D and 694/98-D; all others could not bind HXB2 peptides. All but two, 418-D and 412-D could bind to SF2 peptides. PubMed ID: 7678279. Show all entries for this paper.

Fontenot1995 J. D. Fontenot, T. C. VanCott, B. S. Parekh, C. P. Pau, J. R. George, D. L. Birx, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and J. M. Gatewood. Presentation of HIV V3 Loop Epitopes for Enhanced Antigenicity, Immunogenicity and Diagnostic Potential. AIDS, 9:1121-1129, 1995. PubMed ID: 8519447. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2004 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Kathy Revesz, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Mark K. Louder, Christopher A. Anyangwe, Chavdar Krachmarov, Samuel C. Kayman, Abraham Pinter, Arthur Nadas, Phillipe N. Nyambi, John R. Mascola, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. The V3 Loop is Accessible on the Surface of Most Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolates and Serves as a Neutralization Epitope. J. Virol., 78(5):2394-2404, Mar 2004. PubMed ID: 14963135. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2009 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Bradley Witover, Sherri Burda, Mateusz Urbanski, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Arthur Nadas. Preferential Use of the VH5-51 Gene Segment by the Human Immune Response to Code for Antibodies against the V3 Domain of HIV-1. Mol. Immunol., 46(5):917-926, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 18952295. Show all entries for this paper.

Guillon2002a Christophe Guillon, Carel A. van Baalen, Patrick H. M. Boers, Esther J. Verschuren, Rob A. Gruters, and Albert D. M. E. Osterhaus. Construction and Characterisation of Infectious Recombinant HIV-1 Clones Containing CTL Epitopes from Structural Proteins in Nef. J Virol Methods, 99(1-2):115-121, Jan 2002. PubMed ID: 11684309. Show all entries for this paper.

Haldar2011 Bijayesh Haldar, Sherri Burda, Constance Williams, Leo Heyndrickx, Guido Vanham, Miroslaw K. Gorny, and Phillipe Nyambi. Longitudinal Study of Primary HIV-1 Isolates in Drug-Naïve Individuals Reveals the Emergence of Variants Sensitive to Anti-HIV-1 Monoclonal Antibodies. PLoS One, 6(2):e17253, 2011. PubMed ID: 21383841. Show all entries for this paper.

Holl2006 Vincent Holl, Maryse Peressin, Thomas Decoville, Sylvie Schmidt, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Anne-Marie Aubertin, and Christiane Moog. Nonneutralizing Antibodies Are Able To Inhibit Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication in Macrophages and Immature Dendritic Cells. J. Virol., 80(12):6177-6181, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16731957. Show all entries for this paper.

Lawson2002 Victoria A. Lawson, Robert Oelrichs, Christophe Guillon, Allison A. Imrie, David A. Cooper, Nicholas J. Deacon, and Dale A. McPhee. Adaptive Changes after Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Transmission. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 18(8):545-556, 20 May 2002. PubMed ID: 12036484. Show all entries for this paper.

Ly2000 A. Ly and L. Stamatatos. V2 Loop Glycosylation of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 SF162 Envelope Facilitates Interaction of this Protein with CD4 and CCR5 Receptors and Protects the Virus from Neutralization by Anti-V3 Loop and Anti-CD4 Binding Site Antibodies. J. Virol., 74:6769-6776, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888615. Show all entries for this paper.

McCaffrey2004 Ruth A McCaffrey, Cheryl Saunders, Mike Hensel, and Leonidas Stamatatos. N-Linked Glycosylation of the V3 Loop and the Immunologically Silent Face of gp120 Protects Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 SF162 from Neutralization by Anti-gp120 and Anti-gp41 Antibodies. J. Virol., 78(7):3279-3295, Apr 2004. PubMed ID: 15016849. Show all entries for this paper.

Park2000 E. J. Park, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and G. V. Quinnan. A global neutralization resistance phenotype of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is determined by distinct mechanisms mediating enhanced infectivity and conformational change of the envelope complex. J. Virol., 74:4183-91, 2000. PubMed ID: 10756031. Show all entries for this paper.

Seligman1996 S. J. Seligman, J. M. Binley, M. K. Gorny, D. R. Burton, S. Zolla-Pazner, and K. A. Sokolowski. Characterization by Serial Deletion Competition ELISAs of HIV-1 V3 Loop Epitopes Recognized by Monoclonal Antibodies. Mol. Immunol., 33:737-745, 1996. PubMed ID: 8811069. Show all entries for this paper.

Srivastava2008 Indresh K. Srivastava, Elaine Kan, Yide Sun, Victoria A. Sharma, Jimna Cisto, Brian Burke, Ying Lian, Susan Hilt, Zohar Biron, Karin Hartog, Leonidas Stamatatos, Ruben Diaz-Avalos, R Holland Cheng, Jeffrey B. Ulmer, and Susan W. Barnett. Comparative Evaluation of Trimeric Envelope Glycoproteins Derived from Subtype C and B HIV-1 R5 Isolates. Virology, 372(2):273-290, 15 Mar 2008. PubMed ID: 18061231. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1995 L. Stamatatos and C. Cheng-Mayer. Structural Modulations of the Envelope gp120 Glycoprotein of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 upon Oligomerization and the Differential V3 Loop Epitope Exposure of Isolates Displaying Distinct Tropism upon Viral-Soluble Receptor Binding. J. Virol., 69:6191-6198, 1995. PubMed ID: 7545244. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1997 L. Stamatatos, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and C. Cheng-Mayer. Binding of Antibodies to Virion-Associated gp120 Molecules of Primary-Like Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Isolates: Effect on HIV-1 Infection of Macrophages and Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells. Virology, 229:360-369, 1997. PubMed ID: 9126249. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1998 L. Stamatatos and C. Cheng-Mayer. An Envelope Modification That Renders a Primary, Neutralization-Resistant Clade B Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate Highly Susceptible to Neutralization by Sera from Other Clades. J. Virol., 72:7840-7845, 1998. PubMed ID: 9733820. Show all entries for this paper.

Totrov2010 Maxim Totrov, Xunqing Jiang, Xiang-Peng Kong, Sandra Cohen, Chavdar Krachmarov, Aidy Salomon, Constance Williams, Michael S. Seaman, Ruben Abagyan, Timothy Cardozo, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Shixia Wang, Shan Lu, Abraham Pinter, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Structure-Guided Design and Immunological Characterization of Immunogens Presenting the HIV-1 gp120 V3 Loop on a CTB Scaffold. Virology, 405(2):513-523, 30 Sep 2010. PubMed ID: 20663531. Show all entries for this paper.

Zhang2002 Peng Fei Zhang, Peter Bouma, Eun Ju Park, Joseph B. Margolick, James E. Robinson, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Michael N. Flora, and Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr. A Variable Region 3 (V3) Mutation Determines a Global Neutralization Phenotype and CD4-Independent Infectivity of a Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Associated with a Broadly Cross-Reactive, Primary Virus-Neutralizing Antibody Response. J. Virol., 76(2):644-655, Jan 2002. PubMed ID: 11752155. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999a S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, P. N. Nyambi, T. C. VanCott, and A. Nadas. Immunotyping of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV): An Approach to Immunologic Classification of HIV. J. Virol., 73:4042-4051, 1999. 21 human anti-V3 MAbs were studied with respect to cross-clade reactivity and immunological relationship to other human anti-V3 MAbs. Broad cross-reactivities were observed, and V3 peptides were grouped into immunotypes that contained peptides from several clades. PubMed ID: 10196300. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999b S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and P. N. Nyambi. The implications of antigenic diversity for vaccine development. Immunol. Lett., 66:159-64, 1999. PubMed ID: 10203049. Show all entries for this paper.

Guillon2002 Christophe Guillon, Martin Schutten, Patrick H. M. Boers, Rob A. Gruters, and Albert D. M. E. Osterhaus. Antibody-Mediated Enhancement of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infectivity Is Determined by the Structure of gp120 and Depends on Modulation of the gp120-CCR5 Interaction. J. Virol., 76(6):2827-2834, Mar 2002. PubMed ID: 11861850. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 485

Download this epitope record as JSON.

MAb ID 268-D (268-11-D-IV, 268D, 268, 268-11D, 268-10D, MAb 268, 268-10-D, ARP, 268-D IV)
HXB2 Location gp160(310-315)
DNA(7152..7169)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120( MN)
Research Contact Susan Zolla-Pazner (Zollas01@mcrcr6.med.nyu) (NYU Med. Center)
Epitope HIGPGR Epitope Alignment
HIGPGR epitope logo
Subtype B
Ab Type gp120 V3 // V3 glycan (V3g)
Neutralizing L
Species (Isotype) human(IgG1λ)
Patient 268
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords antibody binding site, antibody generation, antibody interactions, antibody sequence, binding affinity, dendritic cells, mimotopes, neutralization, review, structure, subtype comparisons, vaccine-induced immune responses

Notes

Showing 37 of 37 notes.

References

Showing 37 of 37 references.

Isolation Paper
Gorny1991 M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, V. Gianakakos, S. Karwowska, C. Williams, H. W. Sheppard, C. V. Hanson, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Production of site-selected neutralizing human monoclonal antibodies against the third variable domain of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoprotein. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 88:3238-3242, 1991. PubMed ID: 2014246. Show all entries for this paper.

Beddows1999 S. Beddows, S. Lister, R. Cheingsong, C. Bruck, and J. Weber. Comparison of the Antibody Repertoire Generated in Healthy Volunteers following Immunization with a Monomeric Recombinant gp120 Construct Derived from a CCR5/CXCR4-Using Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate with Sera from Naturally Infected Individuals. J. Virol., 73:1740-1745, 1999. PubMed ID: 9882391. Show all entries for this paper.

Davis2009 Katie L. Davis, Frederic Bibollet-Ruche, Hui Li, Julie M. Decker, Olaf Kutsch, Lynn Morris, Aidy Salomon, Abraham Pinter, James A. Hoxie, Beatrice H. Hahn, Peter D. Kwong, and George M. Shaw. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 2 (HIV-2)/HIV-1 Envelope Chimeras Detect High Titers of Broadly Reactive HIV-1 V3-Specific Antibodies in Human Plasma. J. Virol., 83(3):1240-1259, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 19019969. Show all entries for this paper.

DSouza1991 M. P. D'Souza, P. Durda, C. V. Hanson, G. Milman, and Collaborating Investigators. Evaluation of Monoclonal Antibodies to HIV-1 by Neutralization and Serological Assays: An International Collaboration. AIDS, 5:1061-1070, 1991. PubMed ID: 1718320. Show all entries for this paper.

Fontenot1995 J. D. Fontenot, T. C. VanCott, B. S. Parekh, C. P. Pau, J. R. George, D. L. Birx, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and J. M. Gatewood. Presentation of HIV V3 Loop Epitopes for Enhanced Antigenicity, Immunogenicity and Diagnostic Potential. AIDS, 9:1121-1129, 1995. PubMed ID: 8519447. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1993 M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, S. Karwowska, A. Buchbinder, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Repertoire of Neutralizing Human Monoclonal Antibodies Specific for The V3 Domain of HIV-1 gp120. J. Immunol., 150:635-643, 1993. Characterizaton of 12 human MAbs that bind and neutralize the MN isolate with 50\% neutralization. Two of these antibodies also bound and neutralized IIIB: 447-52-D and 694/98-D; all others could not bind HXB2 peptides. All but two, 418-D and 412-D could bind to SF2 peptides. PubMed ID: 7678279. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2004 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Kathy Revesz, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Mark K. Louder, Christopher A. Anyangwe, Chavdar Krachmarov, Samuel C. Kayman, Abraham Pinter, Arthur Nadas, Phillipe N. Nyambi, John R. Mascola, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. The V3 Loop is Accessible on the Surface of Most Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolates and Serves as a Neutralization Epitope. J. Virol., 78(5):2394-2404, Mar 2004. PubMed ID: 14963135. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2009 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Bradley Witover, Sherri Burda, Mateusz Urbanski, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Arthur Nadas. Preferential Use of the VH5-51 Gene Segment by the Human Immune Response to Code for Antibodies against the V3 Domain of HIV-1. Mol. Immunol., 46(5):917-926, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 18952295. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe1997b C. E. Hioe, S. Xu, P. Chigurupati, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Neutralization of HIV-1 Primary Isolates by Polyclonal and Monoclonal Human Antibodies. Int. Immunol., 9(9):1281-1290, Sep 1997. PubMed ID: 9310831. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe2000 C. E. Hioe, G. J. Jones, A. D. Rees, S. Ratto-Kim, D. Birx, C. Munz, M. K. Gorny, M. Tuen, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Anti-CD4-Binding Domain Antibodies Complexed with HIV Type 1 Glycoprotein 120 Inhibit CD4+ T Cell-Proliferative Responses to Glycoprotein 120. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 16:893-905, 2000. PubMed ID: 10875615. Show all entries for this paper.

Holl2006 Vincent Holl, Maryse Peressin, Thomas Decoville, Sylvie Schmidt, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Anne-Marie Aubertin, and Christiane Moog. Nonneutralizing Antibodies Are Able To Inhibit Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication in Macrophages and Immature Dendritic Cells. J. Virol., 80(12):6177-6181, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16731957. Show all entries for this paper.

Jiang2010 Xunqing Jiang, Valicia Burke, Maxim Totrov, Constance Williams, Timothy Cardozo, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Xiang-Peng Kong. Conserved Structural Elements in the V3 Crown of HIV-1 gp120. Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol., 17(8):955-961, Aug 2010. PubMed ID: 20622876. Show all entries for this paper.

Karwowska1992a S. Karwowska, M. K. Gorny, A. Buchbinder, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Type-specific human monoclonal antibodies cross-react with the V3-loop of various HIV-1 isolates. Vaccines 92, :171-174, 1992. Editors: F. Brown, H. S. Ginsberg and R. Lerner, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY. Show all entries for this paper.

LaCasse1998 R. A. LaCasse, K. E. Follis, T. Moudgil, M. Trahey, J. M. Binley, V. Planelles, S. Zolla-Pazner, and J. H. Nunberg. Coreceptor utilization by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is not a primary determinant of neutralization sensitivity. J. Virol., 72:2491-5, 1998. A T-cell line-adapted (TCLA) derivative of SI primary isolate 168P acquired the ability to to be neutralized by anti-V3 MAbs 257-D, 268-D and 50.1. The primary isolate could use either CCR5 or CXCR4, and was not neutralized when infection was directed via either pathway, but the TCLA derivative uses CXCR4 only and is neutralized. Thus coreceptor usage is not the primary determinant of differential neutralization sensitivity in primary versus TCLA strains. PubMed ID: 9499111. Show all entries for this paper.

Laisney1999 I. L. Laisney and A. D. Strosberg. Dual Specificity of a Human Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibody, Specific for the V3 Loop of GP120 (HIV-1). Immunol. Lett., 67:185-192, 1999. PubMed ID: 10369125. Show all entries for this paper.

Lusso2005 Paolo Lusso, Patricia L. Earl, Francesca Sironi, Fabio Santoro, Chiara Ripamonti, Gabriella Scarlatti, Renato Longhi, Edward A. Berger, and Samuele E. Burastero. Cryptic Nature of a Conserved, CD4-Inducible V3 Loop Neutralization Epitope in the Native Envelope Glycoprotein Oligomer of CCR5-Restricted, but not CXCR4-Using, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Strains. J. Virol., 79(11):6957-6968, Jun 2005. PubMed ID: 15890935. Show all entries for this paper.

McKeating1996b J. A. McKeating, Y. J. Zhang, C. Arnold, R. Frederiksson, E. M. Fenyo, and P. Balfe. Chimeric viruses expressing primary envelope glycoproteins of human immunodeficiency virus type I show increased sensitivity to neutralization by human sera. Virology, 220:450-460, 1996. Chimeric viruses for HXB2 with primary isolate gp120 gave patterns of cell tropism and cytopathicity identical to the original primary viruses. Sera that were unable to neutralize the primary isolates were in some cases able to neutralize chimeric viruses, indicating that some of the neutralizing epitopes were in gp41. PubMed ID: 8661395. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi2000 P. N. Nyambi, H. A. Mbah, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, A. Nadas, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Conserved and Exposed Epitopes on Intact, Native, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virions of Group M. J. Virol., 74:7096-7107, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888650. Show all entries for this paper.

Oggioni1999 M. R. Oggioni, D. Medaglini, L. Romano, F. Peruzzi, T. Maggi, L. Lozzi, L. Bracci, M. Zazzi, F. Manca, P. E. Valensin, and G. Pozzi. Antigenicity and Immunogenicity of the V3 Domain of HIV Type 1 Glycoprotein 120 Expressed on the Surface of Streptococcus gordonii. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 15:451-459, 1999. PubMed ID: 10195755. Show all entries for this paper.

Park2000 E. J. Park, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and G. V. Quinnan. A global neutralization resistance phenotype of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is determined by distinct mechanisms mediating enhanced infectivity and conformational change of the envelope complex. J. Virol., 74:4183-91, 2000. PubMed ID: 10756031. Show all entries for this paper.

Patel2008 Milloni B Patel, Noah G. Hoffman, and Ronald Swanstrom. Subtype-Specific Conformational Differences within the V3 Region of Subtype B and Subtype C Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Env Proteins. J. Virol., 82(2):903-916, Jan 2008. PubMed ID: 18003735. Show all entries for this paper.

Shmelkov2011 Evgeny Shmelkov, Arthur Nadas, James Swetnam, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Timothy Cardozo. Indirect Detection of an Epitope-Specific Response to HIV-1 gp120 Immunization in Human Subjects. PLoS One, 6(11):e27279, 2011. PubMed ID: 22076145. Show all entries for this paper.

Spear1993 G. T. Spear, D. M. Takefman, B. L. Sullivan, A. L. Landay, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Complement activation by human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol., 67:53-59, 1993. This study looked at the ability of 16 human MAbs to activate complement. MAbs directed against the V3 region could induce C3 deposition on infected cells and virolysis of free virus, but antibodies to the CD4BS and C-terminal region and two regions in gp41 could induce no complement mediated effects. Pre-treatment with sCD4 could increase complement-mediated effects of anti-gp41 MAbs, but decreased the complement-mediated effects of V3 MAbs. Anti-gp41 MAbs were able to affect IIIB but not MN virolysis, suggesting spontaneous shedding of gp120 on IIIB virions exposes gp41 epitopes. IgG isotype did not appear to have an effect on virolysis or C3 deposition. PubMed ID: 7677959. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1995 L. Stamatatos and C. Cheng-Mayer. Structural Modulations of the Envelope gp120 Glycoprotein of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 upon Oligomerization and the Differential V3 Loop Epitope Exposure of Isolates Displaying Distinct Tropism upon Viral-Soluble Receptor Binding. J. Virol., 69:6191-6198, 1995. PubMed ID: 7545244. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1997 L. Stamatatos, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and C. Cheng-Mayer. Binding of Antibodies to Virion-Associated gp120 Molecules of Primary-Like Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Isolates: Effect on HIV-1 Infection of Macrophages and Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells. Virology, 229:360-369, 1997. PubMed ID: 9126249. Show all entries for this paper.

Swetnam2010 James Swetnam, Evgeny Shmelkov, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Timothy Cardozo. Comparative Magnitude of Cross-Strain Conservation of HIV Variable Loop Neutralization Epitopes. PLoS One, 5(12):e15994, 2010. PubMed ID: 21209919. Show all entries for this paper.

VanCott1994 T. C. VanCott, F. R. Bethke, V. R. Polonis, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, R. R. Redfield, and D. L. Birx. Dissociation Rate of Antibody-gp120 Binding Interactions Is Predictive of V3-Mediated Neutralization of HIV-1. J. Immunol., 153:449-459, 1994. Using surface plasmon resonance it was found that the rate of the dissociation of the MAb-gp120 complex, but not the association rate, correlated with MAbs ability to neutralize homologous virus (measured by 50\% inhibition of p24 production). Association constants were similar for all MAbs tested, varying less than 4-fold. Dissociation rate constants were quite variable, with 100-fold differences observed. PubMed ID: 7515931. Show all entries for this paper.

Vella2002 Cherelyn Vella, Natalie N. Zheng, Philippa Easterbrook, and Rod S. Daniels. Herpesvirus saimiri-Immortalized Human Lymphocytes: Novel Hosts for Analyzing HIV Type 1 in Vitro Neutralization. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 18(13):933-946, 1 Sep 2002. PubMed ID: 12230936. Show all entries for this paper.

Vermeire2009 Kurt Vermeire, Kristel Van Laethem, Wouter Janssens, Thomas W. Bell, and Dominique Schols. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Escape from Cyclotriazadisulfonamide-Induced CD4-Targeted Entry Inhibition Is Associated with Increased Neutralizing Antibody Susceptibility. J. Virol., 83(18):9577-9583, Sep 2009. PubMed ID: 19570853. Show all entries for this paper.

Vincent2012 Nadine Vincent and Etienne Malvoisin. Ability of Antibodies Specific to the HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein to Block the Fusion Inhibitor T20 in a Cell-Cell Fusion Assay. Immunobiology, 217(10):943-950, Oct 2012. PubMed ID: 22387075. Show all entries for this paper.

Wisnewski1996 A. Wisnewski, L. Cavacini, and M. Posner. Human antibody variable region gene usage in HIV-1 infection. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr. Hum. Retrovirol., 11:31-38, 1996. PubMed ID: 8528730. Show all entries for this paper.

York2001 J. York, K. E. Follis, M. Trahey, P. N. Nyambi, S. Zolla-Pazner, and J. H. Nunberg. Antibody binding and neutralization of primary and T-cell line-adapted isolates of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J. Virol., 75(6):2741--52, Mar 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/6/2741. PubMed ID: 11222697. Show all entries for this paper.

Zhang2002 Peng Fei Zhang, Peter Bouma, Eun Ju Park, Joseph B. Margolick, James E. Robinson, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Michael N. Flora, and Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr. A Variable Region 3 (V3) Mutation Determines a Global Neutralization Phenotype and CD4-Independent Infectivity of a Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Associated with a Broadly Cross-Reactive, Primary Virus-Neutralizing Antibody Response. J. Virol., 76(2):644-655, Jan 2002. PubMed ID: 11752155. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1995 S. Zolla-Pazner, J. O'Leary, S. Burda, M. K. Gorny, M. Kim, J. Mascola, and F. McCutchan. Serotyping of primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolates from diverse geographic locations by flow cytometry. J. Virol., 69:3807-3815, 1995. A set of 13 human MAbs to a variety of epitopes were tested against a panel of primary isolates of HIV-1, representing different genetic clades. The V3 loop tended to be B clade restricted, and a single gp120 C-terminus binding antibody was clade specific. Two other gp120 C-terminus binding antibodies were group specific. PubMed ID: 7745728. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999a S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, P. N. Nyambi, T. C. VanCott, and A. Nadas. Immunotyping of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV): An Approach to Immunologic Classification of HIV. J. Virol., 73:4042-4051, 1999. 21 human anti-V3 MAbs were studied with respect to cross-clade reactivity and immunological relationship to other human anti-V3 MAbs. Broad cross-reactivities were observed, and V3 peptides were grouped into immunotypes that contained peptides from several clades. PubMed ID: 10196300. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999b S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and P. N. Nyambi. The implications of antigenic diversity for vaccine development. Immunol. Lett., 66:159-64, 1999. PubMed ID: 10203049. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 603

Download this epitope record as JSON.

MAb ID 654-D (654-30D, 654/30D, 654-D100, 654.30D, 654, 654D)
HXB2 Location Env Env Epitope Map
Author Location gp120( LAI)
Research Contact Susan Zolla-Pazner (Zollas01@mcrcr6.med.nyu), NYU Med Center, NY, NY
Epitope (Discontinuous epitope)
Subtype B
Ab Type gp120 CD4BS
Neutralizing L
Species (Isotype) human(IgGκ)
Patient  
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords antibody binding site, antibody interactions, binding affinity, dendritic cells, enhancing activity, glycosylation, kinetics, neutralization, rate of progression, review, subtype comparisons, vaccine antigen design, vaccine-induced immune responses, variant cross-reactivity

Notes

Showing 29 of 29 notes.

References

Showing 32 of 32 references.

Isolation Paper
Laal1994 Suman Laal, Sherri Burda, Miroslav K. Gorny, Sylwia Karwowska, Aby Buchbinder, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Synergistic Neutralization of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 by Combinations of Human Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 68(6):4001-4008, Jun 1994. PubMed ID: 7514683. Show all entries for this paper.

Forsman2008 Anna Forsman, Els Beirnaert, Marlén M. I. Aasa-Chapman, Bart Hoorelbeke, Karolin Hijazi, Willie Koh, Vanessa Tack, Agnieszka Szynol, Charles Kelly, Áine McKnight, Theo Verrips, Hans de Haard, and Robin A Weiss. Llama Antibody Fragments with Cross-Subtype Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1)-Neutralizing Properties and High Affinity for HIV-1 gp120. J. Virol., 82(24):12069-12081, Dec 2008. PubMed ID: 18842738. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1994 M. K. Gorny, J. P. Moore, A. J. Conley, S. Karwowska, J. Sodroski, C. Williams, S. Burda, L. J. Boots, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Human Anti-V2 Monoclonal Antibody That Neutralizes Primary but Not Laboratory Isolates of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. J. Virol., 68:8312-8320, 1994. Detailed characterization of the MAb 697-D. PubMed ID: 7525987. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1997 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Thomas C. VanCott, Catarina Hioe, Zimra R. Israel, Nelson L. Michael, Anthony J. Conley, Constance Williams, Joseph A. Kessler II, Padmasree Chigurupati, Sherri Burda, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies to the V3 Loop of HIV-1 With Intra- and Interclade Cross-Reactivity. J. Immunol., 159:5114-5122, 1997. PubMed ID: 9366441. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1998 M. K. Gorny, J. R. Mascola, Z. R. Israel, T. C. VanCott, C. Williams, P. Balfe, C. Hioe, S. Brodine, S. Burda, and S. Zolla-Pazner. A Human Monoclonal Antibody Specific for the V3 Loop of HIV Type 1 Clade E Cross-Reacts with Other HIV Type 1 Clades. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 14:213-221, 1998. PubMed ID: 9491911. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2000b M. K. Gorny, T. C. VanCott, C. Williams, K. Revesz, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Effects of oligomerization on the epitopes of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoproteins. Virology, 267:220-8, 2000. PubMed ID: 10662617. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2002 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Sandra Cohen, Victoria R. Polonis, William J. Honnen, Samuel C. Kayman, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies Specific for Conformation-Sensitive Epitopes of V3 Neutralize Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolates from Various Clades. J. Virol., 76(18):9035-9045, Sep 2002. PubMed ID: 12186887. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Guzzo2018 Christina Guzzo, Peng Zhang, Qingbo Liu, Alice L. Kwon, Ferzan Uddin, Alexandra I. Wells, Hana Schmeisser, Raffaello Cimbro, Jinghe Huang, Nicole Doria-Rose, Stephen D. Schmidt, Michael A. Dolan, Mark Connors, John R. Mascola, and Paolo Lusso. Structural Constraints at the Trimer Apex Stabilize the HIV-1 Envelope in a Closed, Antibody-Protected Conformation. mBio, 9(6), 11 Dec 2018. PubMed ID: 30538178. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe1997b C. E. Hioe, S. Xu, P. Chigurupati, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Neutralization of HIV-1 Primary Isolates by Polyclonal and Monoclonal Human Antibodies. Int. Immunol., 9(9):1281-1290, Sep 1997. PubMed ID: 9310831. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe1999 C. E. Hioe, J. E. Hildreth, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Enhanced HIV Type 1 Neutralization by Human Anti-Glycoprotein 120 Monoclonal Antibodies in the Presence of Monoclonal Antibodies to Lymphocyte Function-Associated Molecule 1. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 15:523-531, 1999. PubMed ID: 10221529. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe2000 C. E. Hioe, G. J. Jones, A. D. Rees, S. Ratto-Kim, D. Birx, C. Munz, M. K. Gorny, M. Tuen, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Anti-CD4-Binding Domain Antibodies Complexed with HIV Type 1 Glycoprotein 120 Inhibit CD4+ T Cell-Proliferative Responses to Glycoprotein 120. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 16:893-905, 2000. PubMed ID: 10875615. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe2001 C. E. Hioe, M. Tuen, P. C. Chien, Jr., G. Jones, S. Ratto-Kim, P. J. Norris, W. J. Moretto, D. F. Nixon, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Inhibition of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp120 presentation to CD4 T cells by antibodies specific for the CD4 binding domain of gp120. J. Virol., 75(22):10950--7, Nov 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/22/10950. PubMed ID: 11602735. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe2009 Catarina E. Hioe, Maria Luisa Visciano, Rajnish Kumar, Jianping Liu, Ethan A. Mack, Rachel E. Simon, David N. Levy, and Michael Tuen. The Use of Immune Complex Vaccines to Enhance Antibody Responses against Neutralizing Epitopes on HIV-1 Envelope gp120. Vaccine, 28(2):352-360, 11 Dec 2009. PubMed ID: 19879224. Show all entries for this paper.

Holl2006 Vincent Holl, Maryse Peressin, Thomas Decoville, Sylvie Schmidt, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Anne-Marie Aubertin, and Christiane Moog. Nonneutralizing Antibodies Are Able To Inhibit Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication in Macrophages and Immature Dendritic Cells. J. Virol., 80(12):6177-6181, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16731957. Show all entries for this paper.

Kalia2005 Vandana Kalia, Surojit Sarkar, Phalguni Gupta, and Ronald C. Montelaro. Antibody Neutralization Escape Mediated by Point Mutations in the Intracytoplasmic Tail of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp41. J. Virol., 79(4):2097-2107, Feb 2005. PubMed ID: 15681412. Show all entries for this paper.

Karwowska1993 Show all entries for this paper.

Kumar2011 Rajnish Kumar, Michael Tuen, Hualin Li, Doris B. Tse, and Catarina E. Hioe. Improving Immunogenicity of HIV-1 Envelope gp120 by Glycan Removal and Immune Complex Formation. Vaccine, 29(48):9064-9074, 8 Nov 2011. PubMed ID: 21945958. Show all entries for this paper.

Li1997 A. Li, T. W. Baba, J. Sodroski, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, J. Robinson, M. R. Posner, H. Katinger, C. F. Barbas III, D. R. Burton, T.-C. Chou, and R. M Ruprecht. Synergistic Neutralization of a Chimeric SIV/HIV Type 1 Virus with Combinations of Human Anti-HIV Type 1 Envelope Monoclonal Antibodies or Hyperimmune Globulins. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 13:647-656, 1997. Multiple combinations of MAbs were tested for their ability to synergize neutralization of a SHIV construct containing HIV IIIB env. All of the MAb combinations tried were synergistic, suggesting such combinations may be useful for passive immunotherapy or immunoprophylaxis. Because SHIV can replicate in rhesus macaques, such approaches can potentially be studied in an it in vivo monkey model. PubMed ID: 9168233. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi1998 P. N. Nyambi, M. K. Gorny, L. Bastiani, G. van der Groen, C. Williams, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Mapping of Epitopes Exposed on Intact Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Virions: A New Strategy for Studying the Immunologic Relatedness of HIV-1. J. Virol., 72:9384-9391, 1998. 18 human MAbs binding to gp120 and gp41 were tested using a novel assay to test binding to intact HIV-1 virions. The new method involves using MAbs to the host proteins incorporated into virions to bind them to ELIZA plates. Antigenic conservation in epitopes of HIV-1 in clades A, B, D, F, G, and H was studied. MAbs were selected that were directed against V2, V3, CD4bd, C5 or gp41 regions. Antibodies against V2, the CD4BS, and sp41 showed weak and sporadic reactivities, while binding strongly to gp120, suggesting these epitopes are hidden when gp120 is in its native, quaternary structure. PubMed ID: 9765494. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi2000 P. N. Nyambi, H. A. Mbah, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, A. Nadas, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Conserved and Exposed Epitopes on Intact, Native, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virions of Group M. J. Virol., 74:7096-7107, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888650. Show all entries for this paper.

Schonning1998 K. Schonning, A. Bolmstedt, J. Novotny, O. S. Lund, S. Olofsson, and J. E. Hansen. Induction of Antibodies against Epitopes Inaccessible on the HIV Type 1 Envelope Oligomer by Immunization with Recombinant Monomeric Glycoprotein 120. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 14:1451-1456, 1998. PubMed ID: 9824323. Show all entries for this paper.

Srivastava2005 Indresh K. Srivastava, Jeffrey B. Ulmer, and Susan W. Barnett. Role of Neutralizing Antibodies in Protective Immunity Against HIV. Hum. Vaccin., 1(2):45-60, Mar-Apr 2005. PubMed ID: 17038830. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1995 L. Stamatatos and C. Cheng-Mayer. Structural Modulations of the Envelope gp120 Glycoprotein of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 upon Oligomerization and the Differential V3 Loop Epitope Exposure of Isolates Displaying Distinct Tropism upon Viral-Soluble Receptor Binding. J. Virol., 69:6191-6198, 1995. PubMed ID: 7545244. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1997 L. Stamatatos, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and C. Cheng-Mayer. Binding of Antibodies to Virion-Associated gp120 Molecules of Primary-Like Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Isolates: Effect on HIV-1 Infection of Macrophages and Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells. Virology, 229:360-369, 1997. PubMed ID: 9126249. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1998 L. Stamatatos and C. Cheng-Mayer. An Envelope Modification That Renders a Primary, Neutralization-Resistant Clade B Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate Highly Susceptible to Neutralization by Sera from Other Clades. J. Virol., 72:7840-7845, 1998. PubMed ID: 9733820. Show all entries for this paper.

Tuen2005 Michael Tuen, Maria Luisa Visciano, Peter C. Chien, Jr., Sandra Cohen, Pei-de Chen, James Robinson, Yuxian He, Abraham Pinter, Miroslaw K Gorny, and Catarina E Hioe. Characterization of Antibodies that Inhibit HIV gp120 Antigen Processing and Presentation. Eur. J. Immunol., 35(9):2541-2551, Sep 2005. PubMed ID: 16106369. Show all entries for this paper.

Verrier2001 F. Verrier, A. Nadas, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Additive effects characterize the interaction of antibodies involved in neutralization of the primary dualtropic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolate 89.6. J. Virol., 75(19):9177--86, Oct 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/19/9177. PubMed ID: 11533181. Show all entries for this paper.

Visciano2008 Maria Luisa Visciano, Michael Tuen, Miroslaw K. Gorny, and Catarina E. Hioe. In Vivo Alteration of Humoral Responses to HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein gp120 by Antibodies to the CD4-Binding Site of gp120. Virology, 372(2):409-420, 15 Mar 2008. PubMed ID: 18054978. Show all entries for this paper.

Visciano2008a Maria Luisa Visciano, Michael Tuen, Pei-de Chen, and Catarina E. Hioe. Antibodies to the CD4-Binding Site of HIV-1 gp120 Suppress gp120-Specific CD4 T Cell Response while Enhancing Antibody Response. Infect. Agent. Cancer., 3:11, 2008. PubMed ID: 18638381. Show all entries for this paper.

Yates2018 Nicole L. Yates, Allan C. deCamp, Bette T. Korber, Hua-Xin Liao, Carmela Irene, Abraham Pinter, James Peacock, Linda J. Harris, Sheetal Sawant, Peter Hraber, Xiaoying Shen, Supachai Rerks-Ngarm, Punnee Pitisuttithum, Sorachai Nitayapan, Phillip W. Berman, Merlin L. Robb, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Barton F. Haynes, S. Munir Alam, David C. Montefiori, and Georgia D. Tomaras. HIV-1 Envelope Glycoproteins from Diverse Clades Differentiate Antibody Responses and Durability among Vaccinees. J. Virol., 92(8), 15 Apr 2018. PubMed ID: 29386288. Show all entries for this paper.

Zwick2003a Michael B. Zwick, Robert Kelleher, Richard Jensen, Aran F. Labrijn, Meng Wang, Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr., Paul W. H. I. Parren, and Dennis R. Burton. A Novel Human Antibody against Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Is V1, V2, and V3 Loop Dependent and Helps Delimit the Epitope of the Broadly Neutralizing Antibody Immunoglobulin G1 b12. J. Virol., 77(12):6965-6978, Jun 2003. PubMed ID: 12768015. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 605

Download this epitope record as JSON.

MAb ID 559/64-D (559, 559-64D)
HXB2 Location Env Env Epitope Map
Author Location gp120( LAI)
Research Contact Susan Zolla-Pazner (Zollas01@mcrcr6.med.nyu), NYU Med Center, NY, NY
Epitope
Subtype B
Ab Type gp120 CD4BS
Neutralizing L
Species (Isotype) human(IgG1κ)
Patient  
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords antibody binding site, antibody generation, antibody interactions, assay or method development, binding affinity, complement, enhancing activity, neutralization, review, subtype comparisons, vaccine antigen design, variant cross-reactivity

Notes

Showing 20 of 20 notes.

References

Showing 21 of 21 references.

Isolation Paper
Karwowska1992 S. Karwowska, M. K. Gorny, A. Buchbinder, V. Gianakakos, C. Williams, T. Fuerst, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Production of human monoclonal antibodies specific for conformational and linear non-V3 epitopes of gp120. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 8:1099-1106, 1992. A single linear MAb was generated, to the immunodominant domain in the C-terminal portion of gp120. This antibody did not inhibit rCD4-rgp120 binding or neutralize IIIB or MN. Three conformational epitope binding MAbs were also described in this paper that could neutralize IIIB and MN. PubMed ID: 1380257. Show all entries for this paper.

Forthal1995 D. N. Forthal, G. Landucci, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and W. E. Robinson, Jr. Functional Activities of 20 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1)-Specific Human Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 11:1095-1099, 1995. A series of tests were performed on 20 human monoclonal antibodies to assess their potential therapeutic utility. Antibodies were tested for potentially harmful complement-mediated antibody enhancing activity (C-ADE), and for potentially beneficial neutralizing activity and antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity ADCC. PubMed ID: 8554906. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2000b M. K. Gorny, T. C. VanCott, C. Williams, K. Revesz, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Effects of oligomerization on the epitopes of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoproteins. Virology, 267:220-8, 2000. PubMed ID: 10662617. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Hager-Braun2010 Christine Hager-Braun, Elisabeth O. Hochleitner, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Rachelle J. Bienstock, and Kenneth B. Tomer. Characterization of a Discontinuous Epitope of the HIV Envelope Protein gp120 Recognized by a Human Monoclonal Antibody Using Chemical Modification and Mass Spectrometric Analysis. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom., 21(10):1687-1698, Oct 2010. PubMed ID: 20434359. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe1997 C. Hioe, S. Burda, P. Chigurupati, S. Xu, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Resting Cell Neutralization Assay for HIV-1 Primary Isolates. Methods: A companion to Methods in Enzymology, 12:300-305, 1997. A technique is described for detecting the activity of neutralizing polyclonal or MAbs against HIV-1 primary isolates, using unstimulated PBMC as the target cell. PubMed ID: 9245610. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe1997b C. E. Hioe, S. Xu, P. Chigurupati, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Neutralization of HIV-1 Primary Isolates by Polyclonal and Monoclonal Human Antibodies. Int. Immunol., 9(9):1281-1290, Sep 1997. PubMed ID: 9310831. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe2000 C. E. Hioe, G. J. Jones, A. D. Rees, S. Ratto-Kim, D. Birx, C. Munz, M. K. Gorny, M. Tuen, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Anti-CD4-Binding Domain Antibodies Complexed with HIV Type 1 Glycoprotein 120 Inhibit CD4+ T Cell-Proliferative Responses to Glycoprotein 120. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 16:893-905, 2000. PubMed ID: 10875615. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe2001 C. E. Hioe, M. Tuen, P. C. Chien, Jr., G. Jones, S. Ratto-Kim, P. J. Norris, W. J. Moretto, D. F. Nixon, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Inhibition of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp120 presentation to CD4 T cells by antibodies specific for the CD4 binding domain of gp120. J. Virol., 75(22):10950--7, Nov 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/22/10950. PubMed ID: 11602735. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe2009 Catarina E. Hioe, Maria Luisa Visciano, Rajnish Kumar, Jianping Liu, Ethan A. Mack, Rachel E. Simon, David N. Levy, and Michael Tuen. The Use of Immune Complex Vaccines to Enhance Antibody Responses against Neutralizing Epitopes on HIV-1 Envelope gp120. Vaccine, 28(2):352-360, 11 Dec 2009. PubMed ID: 19879224. Show all entries for this paper.

Jeffs1996 S. A. Jeffs, J. McKeating, S. Lewis, H. Craft, D. Biram, P. E. Stephens, and R. L. Brady. Antigenicity of truncated forms of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoprotein. J. Gen. Virol., 77:1403-1410, 1996. PubMed ID: 8757980. Show all entries for this paper.

McKeating1992b J. A. McKeating, M. Thali, C. Furman, S. Karwowska, M. K. Gorny, J. Cordell, S. Zolla-Pazner, J. Sodroski, and R. A. Weiss. Amino Acid Residues of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Critical for the Binding of Rat and Human Neutralizing Antibodies That Block the gp120-sCD4 Interaction. Virology, 190:134-142, 1992. PubMed ID: 1382339. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi1998 P. N. Nyambi, M. K. Gorny, L. Bastiani, G. van der Groen, C. Williams, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Mapping of Epitopes Exposed on Intact Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Virions: A New Strategy for Studying the Immunologic Relatedness of HIV-1. J. Virol., 72:9384-9391, 1998. 18 human MAbs binding to gp120 and gp41 were tested using a novel assay to test binding to intact HIV-1 virions. The new method involves using MAbs to the host proteins incorporated into virions to bind them to ELIZA plates. Antigenic conservation in epitopes of HIV-1 in clades A, B, D, F, G, and H was studied. MAbs were selected that were directed against V2, V3, CD4bd, C5 or gp41 regions. Antibodies against V2, the CD4BS, and sp41 showed weak and sporadic reactivities, while binding strongly to gp120, suggesting these epitopes are hidden when gp120 is in its native, quaternary structure. PubMed ID: 9765494. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi2000 P. N. Nyambi, H. A. Mbah, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, A. Nadas, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Conserved and Exposed Epitopes on Intact, Native, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virions of Group M. J. Virol., 74:7096-7107, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888650. Show all entries for this paper.

Spear1993 G. T. Spear, D. M. Takefman, B. L. Sullivan, A. L. Landay, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Complement activation by human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol., 67:53-59, 1993. This study looked at the ability of 16 human MAbs to activate complement. MAbs directed against the V3 region could induce C3 deposition on infected cells and virolysis of free virus, but antibodies to the CD4BS and C-terminal region and two regions in gp41 could induce no complement mediated effects. Pre-treatment with sCD4 could increase complement-mediated effects of anti-gp41 MAbs, but decreased the complement-mediated effects of V3 MAbs. Anti-gp41 MAbs were able to affect IIIB but not MN virolysis, suggesting spontaneous shedding of gp120 on IIIB virions exposes gp41 epitopes. IgG isotype did not appear to have an effect on virolysis or C3 deposition. PubMed ID: 7677959. Show all entries for this paper.

Srivastava2005 Indresh K. Srivastava, Jeffrey B. Ulmer, and Susan W. Barnett. Role of Neutralizing Antibodies in Protective Immunity Against HIV. Hum. Vaccin., 1(2):45-60, Mar-Apr 2005. PubMed ID: 17038830. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1995 L. Stamatatos and C. Cheng-Mayer. Structural Modulations of the Envelope gp120 Glycoprotein of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 upon Oligomerization and the Differential V3 Loop Epitope Exposure of Isolates Displaying Distinct Tropism upon Viral-Soluble Receptor Binding. J. Virol., 69:6191-6198, 1995. PubMed ID: 7545244. Show all entries for this paper.

Visciano2008 Maria Luisa Visciano, Michael Tuen, Miroslaw K. Gorny, and Catarina E. Hioe. In Vivo Alteration of Humoral Responses to HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein gp120 by Antibodies to the CD4-Binding Site of gp120. Virology, 372(2):409-420, 15 Mar 2008. PubMed ID: 18054978. Show all entries for this paper.

York2001 J. York, K. E. Follis, M. Trahey, P. N. Nyambi, S. Zolla-Pazner, and J. H. Nunberg. Antibody binding and neutralization of primary and T-cell line-adapted isolates of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J. Virol., 75(6):2741--52, Mar 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/6/2741. PubMed ID: 11222697. Show all entries for this paper.

Zwick2003a Michael B. Zwick, Robert Kelleher, Richard Jensen, Aran F. Labrijn, Meng Wang, Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr., Paul W. H. I. Parren, and Dennis R. Burton. A Novel Human Antibody against Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Is V1, V2, and V3 Loop Dependent and Helps Delimit the Epitope of the Broadly Neutralizing Antibody Immunoglobulin G1 b12. J. Virol., 77(12):6965-6978, Jun 2003. PubMed ID: 12768015. Show all entries for this paper.

Haldar2011 Bijayesh Haldar, Sherri Burda, Constance Williams, Leo Heyndrickx, Guido Vanham, Miroslaw K. Gorny, and Phillipe Nyambi. Longitudinal Study of Primary HIV-1 Isolates in Drug-Naïve Individuals Reveals the Emergence of Variants Sensitive to Anti-HIV-1 Monoclonal Antibodies. PLoS One, 6(2):e17253, 2011. PubMed ID: 21383841. Show all entries for this paper.


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