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Displaying record number 129

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MAb ID 71-31
HXB2 Location Gag Gag Epitope Map
Author Location Gag
Epitope
Ab Type  
Neutralizing  
Species (Isotype) human(IgG1λ)
Patient  
Immunogen  
Keywords antibody generation

Notes

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References

Showing 7 of 7 references.

Isolation Paper
Gorny1989 M. K. Gorny, V. Gianakakos, S. Sharpe, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Generation of human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 86:1624-1628, 1989. This paper described immortalization of B-cells from HIV-1 positive individuals with Epstein-Barr virus, to produce seven stable antibody producing cell lines. PubMed ID: 2922401. Show all entries for this paper.

Robinson1990a W. E. Robinson, Jr., T. Kawamura, M. K. Gorny, D. Lake, J.-Y. Xu, Y. Matsumoto, T. Sugano, Y. Masuho, W. M. Mitchell, E. Hersh, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies to the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Transmembrane Glycoprotein gp41 Enhance HIV-1 Infection In Vitro. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 87:3185-3189, 1990. Three gp41 MAbs out of 16 Env and Gag MAbs tested enhanced HIV-1 IIIB infection of MT-2 cells. The enhancing antibodies were competitive with the immunodominant epitopes of gp41 recognized by sera from HIV-1 infected subjects. PubMed ID: 2326277. Show all entries for this paper.

Robinson1991 W. E. Robinson, M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, W. M. Mitchell, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Two Immunodominant Domains of gp41 Bind Antibodies Which Enhance Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection In Vitro. J. Virol., 65:4169-4176, 1991. PubMed ID: 2072448. Show all entries for this paper.

Spear1993 G. T. Spear, D. M. Takefman, B. L. Sullivan, A. L. Landay, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Complement activation by human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol., 67:53-59, 1993. This study looked at the ability of 16 human MAbs to activate complement. MAbs directed against the V3 region could induce C3 deposition on infected cells and virolysis of free virus, but antibodies to the CD4BS and C-terminal region and two regions in gp41 could induce no complement mediated effects. Pre-treatment with sCD4 could increase complement-mediated effects of anti-gp41 MAbs, but decreased the complement-mediated effects of V3 MAbs. Anti-gp41 MAbs were able to affect IIIB but not MN virolysis, suggesting spontaneous shedding of gp120 on IIIB virions exposes gp41 epitopes. IgG isotype did not appear to have an effect on virolysis or C3 deposition. PubMed ID: 7677959. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1997 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Thomas C. VanCott, Catarina Hioe, Zimra R. Israel, Nelson L. Michael, Anthony J. Conley, Constance Williams, Joseph A. Kessler II, Padmasree Chigurupati, Sherri Burda, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies to the V3 Loop of HIV-1 With Intra- and Interclade Cross-Reactivity. J. Immunol., 159:5114-5122, 1997. PubMed ID: 9366441. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1998 M. K. Gorny, J. R. Mascola, Z. R. Israel, T. C. VanCott, C. Williams, P. Balfe, C. Hioe, S. Brodine, S. Burda, and S. Zolla-Pazner. A Human Monoclonal Antibody Specific for the V3 Loop of HIV Type 1 Clade E Cross-Reacts with Other HIV Type 1 Clades. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 14:213-221, 1998. PubMed ID: 9491911. Show all entries for this paper.

Bandres1998 J. C. Bandres, Q. F. Wang QF, J.O'Leary, F. Baleaux, A. Amara, J. A. Hoxie, and S.Zolla-Pazner M. K. Gorny. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) envelope binds to CXCR4 independently of CD4, and binding can be enhanced by interaction with soluble CD4 or by HIV envelope deglycosylation. J. Virol., 72:2500-2504, 1998. PubMed ID: 9499113. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 475

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MAb ID 412-D (412-10D, 412, 412D)
HXB2 Location gp160(304-320)
DNA(7134..7184)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120( MN)
Research Contact Susan Zolla-Pazner (Zollas01@mcrcr6.med.nyu) (NYU Med. Center)
Epitope RKRIHIGPGRAFYTT Epitope Alignment
RKRIHIGPGRAFYTT epitope logo
Subtype B
Ab Type gp120 V3 // V3 glycan (V3g)
Neutralizing L
Species (Isotype) human(IgG1κ)
Patient  
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords antibody binding site, antibody generation, antibody sequence, binding affinity, complement, kinetics, review, subtype comparisons, vaccine antigen design, variant cross-reactivity

Notes

Showing 12 of 12 notes.

References

Showing 12 of 12 references.

Isolation Paper
Gorny1993 M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, S. Karwowska, A. Buchbinder, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Repertoire of Neutralizing Human Monoclonal Antibodies Specific for The V3 Domain of HIV-1 gp120. J. Immunol., 150:635-643, 1993. Characterizaton of 12 human MAbs that bind and neutralize the MN isolate with 50\% neutralization. Two of these antibodies also bound and neutralized IIIB: 447-52-D and 694/98-D; all others could not bind HXB2 peptides. All but two, 418-D and 412-D could bind to SF2 peptides. PubMed ID: 7678279. Show all entries for this paper.

Spear1993 G. T. Spear, D. M. Takefman, B. L. Sullivan, A. L. Landay, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Complement activation by human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol., 67:53-59, 1993. This study looked at the ability of 16 human MAbs to activate complement. MAbs directed against the V3 region could induce C3 deposition on infected cells and virolysis of free virus, but antibodies to the CD4BS and C-terminal region and two regions in gp41 could induce no complement mediated effects. Pre-treatment with sCD4 could increase complement-mediated effects of anti-gp41 MAbs, but decreased the complement-mediated effects of V3 MAbs. Anti-gp41 MAbs were able to affect IIIB but not MN virolysis, suggesting spontaneous shedding of gp120 on IIIB virions exposes gp41 epitopes. IgG isotype did not appear to have an effect on virolysis or C3 deposition. PubMed ID: 7677959. Show all entries for this paper.

VanCott1994 T. C. VanCott, F. R. Bethke, V. R. Polonis, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, R. R. Redfield, and D. L. Birx. Dissociation Rate of Antibody-gp120 Binding Interactions Is Predictive of V3-Mediated Neutralization of HIV-1. J. Immunol., 153:449-459, 1994. Using surface plasmon resonance it was found that the rate of the dissociation of the MAb-gp120 complex, but not the association rate, correlated with MAbs ability to neutralize homologous virus (measured by 50\% inhibition of p24 production). Association constants were similar for all MAbs tested, varying less than 4-fold. Dissociation rate constants were quite variable, with 100-fold differences observed. PubMed ID: 7515931. Show all entries for this paper.

Fontenot1995 J. D. Fontenot, T. C. VanCott, B. S. Parekh, C. P. Pau, J. R. George, D. L. Birx, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and J. M. Gatewood. Presentation of HIV V3 Loop Epitopes for Enhanced Antigenicity, Immunogenicity and Diagnostic Potential. AIDS, 9:1121-1129, 1995. PubMed ID: 8519447. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1998 M. K. Gorny, J. R. Mascola, Z. R. Israel, T. C. VanCott, C. Williams, P. Balfe, C. Hioe, S. Brodine, S. Burda, and S. Zolla-Pazner. A Human Monoclonal Antibody Specific for the V3 Loop of HIV Type 1 Clade E Cross-Reacts with Other HIV Type 1 Clades. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 14:213-221, 1998. PubMed ID: 9491911. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi1998 P. N. Nyambi, M. K. Gorny, L. Bastiani, G. van der Groen, C. Williams, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Mapping of Epitopes Exposed on Intact Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Virions: A New Strategy for Studying the Immunologic Relatedness of HIV-1. J. Virol., 72:9384-9391, 1998. 18 human MAbs binding to gp120 and gp41 were tested using a novel assay to test binding to intact HIV-1 virions. The new method involves using MAbs to the host proteins incorporated into virions to bind them to ELIZA plates. Antigenic conservation in epitopes of HIV-1 in clades A, B, D, F, G, and H was studied. MAbs were selected that were directed against V2, V3, CD4bd, C5 or gp41 regions. Antibodies against V2, the CD4BS, and sp41 showed weak and sporadic reactivities, while binding strongly to gp120, suggesting these epitopes are hidden when gp120 is in its native, quaternary structure. PubMed ID: 9765494. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999b S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and P. N. Nyambi. The implications of antigenic diversity for vaccine development. Immunol. Lett., 66:159-64, 1999. PubMed ID: 10203049. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999a S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, P. N. Nyambi, T. C. VanCott, and A. Nadas. Immunotyping of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV): An Approach to Immunologic Classification of HIV. J. Virol., 73:4042-4051, 1999. 21 human anti-V3 MAbs were studied with respect to cross-clade reactivity and immunological relationship to other human anti-V3 MAbs. Broad cross-reactivities were observed, and V3 peptides were grouped into immunotypes that contained peptides from several clades. PubMed ID: 10196300. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi2000 P. N. Nyambi, H. A. Mbah, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, A. Nadas, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Conserved and Exposed Epitopes on Intact, Native, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virions of Group M. J. Virol., 74:7096-7107, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888650. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2004 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Kathy Revesz, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Mark K. Louder, Christopher A. Anyangwe, Chavdar Krachmarov, Samuel C. Kayman, Abraham Pinter, Arthur Nadas, Phillipe N. Nyambi, John R. Mascola, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. The V3 Loop is Accessible on the Surface of Most Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolates and Serves as a Neutralization Epitope. J. Virol., 78(5):2394-2404, Mar 2004. PubMed ID: 14963135. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2009 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Bradley Witover, Sherri Burda, Mateusz Urbanski, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Arthur Nadas. Preferential Use of the VH5-51 Gene Segment by the Human Immune Response to Code for Antibodies against the V3 Domain of HIV-1. Mol. Immunol., 46(5):917-926, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 18952295. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 467

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MAb ID 257-D (257, 257-2-D-IV, 257-D-IV, 257, 257-2D, 257D, ARP3023)
HXB2 Location gp160(305-309)
DNA(7137..7151)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120( MN)
Research Contact Susan Zolla-Pazner (Zollas01@mcrcr6.med.nyu) (NYU Med. Center)
Epitope KRIHI Epitope Alignment
KRIHI epitope logo
Subtype B
Ab Type gp120 V3 // V3 glycan (V3g)
Neutralizing L
Species (Isotype) human(IgG1λ)
Patient 257
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords antibody binding site, antibody generation, antibody interactions, antibody sequence, assay or method development, binding affinity, co-receptor, complement, dendritic cells, enhancing activity, kinetics, mimotopes, neutralization, review, structure, subtype comparisons, vaccine antigen design, vaccine-induced immune responses, variant cross-reactivity

Notes

Showing 42 of 42 notes.

References

Showing 42 of 42 references.

Isolation Paper
Gorny1991 M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, V. Gianakakos, S. Karwowska, C. Williams, H. W. Sheppard, C. V. Hanson, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Production of site-selected neutralizing human monoclonal antibodies against the third variable domain of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoprotein. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 88:3238-3242, 1991. PubMed ID: 2014246. Show all entries for this paper.

Beddows1999 S. Beddows, S. Lister, R. Cheingsong, C. Bruck, and J. Weber. Comparison of the Antibody Repertoire Generated in Healthy Volunteers following Immunization with a Monomeric Recombinant gp120 Construct Derived from a CCR5/CXCR4-Using Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate with Sera from Naturally Infected Individuals. J. Virol., 73:1740-1745, 1999. PubMed ID: 9882391. Show all entries for this paper.

Cavacini1993 L. A. Cavacini, C. L. Emes, J. Power, A. Buchbinder, S. Zolla-Pazner, and M. R. Posner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies to the V3 Loop of HIV-1 gp120 Mediate Variable and Distinct Effects on Binding and Viral Neutralization by a Human Monoclonal Antibody to the CD4 Binding Site. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr., 6:353-358, 1993. PubMed ID: 8455141. Show all entries for this paper.

Davis2009 Katie L. Davis, Frederic Bibollet-Ruche, Hui Li, Julie M. Decker, Olaf Kutsch, Lynn Morris, Aidy Salomon, Abraham Pinter, James A. Hoxie, Beatrice H. Hahn, Peter D. Kwong, and George M. Shaw. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 2 (HIV-2)/HIV-1 Envelope Chimeras Detect High Titers of Broadly Reactive HIV-1 V3-Specific Antibodies in Human Plasma. J. Virol., 83(3):1240-1259, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 19019969. Show all entries for this paper.

DSouza1991 M. P. D'Souza, P. Durda, C. V. Hanson, G. Milman, and Collaborating Investigators. Evaluation of Monoclonal Antibodies to HIV-1 by Neutralization and Serological Assays: An International Collaboration. AIDS, 5:1061-1070, 1991. PubMed ID: 1718320. Show all entries for this paper.

DSouza1994 M. P. D'Souza, S. J. Geyer, C. V. Hanson, R. M. Hendry, G. Milman, and Collaborating Investigators. Evaluation of Monoclonal Antibodies to HIV-1 Envelope by Neutralization and Binding Assays: An International Collaboration. AIDS, 8:169-181, 1994. PubMed ID: 7519019. Show all entries for this paper.

DSouza1995 M. P. D'Souza, G. Milman, J. A. Bradac, D. McPhee, C. V. Hanson, and R. M. Hendry. Neutralization of Primary HIV-1 Isolates by Anti-Envelope Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS, 9:867-874, 1995. Eleven labs tested the 6 human MAbs 1125H, TH9, 4.8D, 257-D-IV, TH1, 2F5, and also HIVIG for neutralization of MN, JRCSF, the two B clade primary isolates 301657 and THA/92/026, and the D clade isolate UG/92/21. 2F5 was the most broadly neutralizing, better than HIVIG. The other MAbs showed limited neutralization of only MN (anti-CD4BS MAbs 1125H, TH9, and 4.8D), or MN and JRCSF (anti-V3 MAbs 257-D-IV and TH1). PubMed ID: 7576320. Show all entries for this paper.

Fontenot1995 J. D. Fontenot, T. C. VanCott, B. S. Parekh, C. P. Pau, J. R. George, D. L. Birx, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and J. M. Gatewood. Presentation of HIV V3 Loop Epitopes for Enhanced Antigenicity, Immunogenicity and Diagnostic Potential. AIDS, 9:1121-1129, 1995. PubMed ID: 8519447. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1993 M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, S. Karwowska, A. Buchbinder, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Repertoire of Neutralizing Human Monoclonal Antibodies Specific for The V3 Domain of HIV-1 gp120. J. Immunol., 150:635-643, 1993. Characterizaton of 12 human MAbs that bind and neutralize the MN isolate with 50\% neutralization. Two of these antibodies also bound and neutralized IIIB: 447-52-D and 694/98-D; all others could not bind HXB2 peptides. All but two, 418-D and 412-D could bind to SF2 peptides. PubMed ID: 7678279. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1998 M. K. Gorny, J. R. Mascola, Z. R. Israel, T. C. VanCott, C. Williams, P. Balfe, C. Hioe, S. Brodine, S. Burda, and S. Zolla-Pazner. A Human Monoclonal Antibody Specific for the V3 Loop of HIV Type 1 Clade E Cross-Reacts with Other HIV Type 1 Clades. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 14:213-221, 1998. PubMed ID: 9491911. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2004 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Kathy Revesz, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Mark K. Louder, Christopher A. Anyangwe, Chavdar Krachmarov, Samuel C. Kayman, Abraham Pinter, Arthur Nadas, Phillipe N. Nyambi, John R. Mascola, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. The V3 Loop is Accessible on the Surface of Most Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolates and Serves as a Neutralization Epitope. J. Virol., 78(5):2394-2404, Mar 2004. PubMed ID: 14963135. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2009 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Bradley Witover, Sherri Burda, Mateusz Urbanski, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Arthur Nadas. Preferential Use of the VH5-51 Gene Segment by the Human Immune Response to Code for Antibodies against the V3 Domain of HIV-1. Mol. Immunol., 46(5):917-926, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 18952295. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2011 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Jared Sampson, Huiguang Li, Xunqing Jiang, Maxim Totrov, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Timothy O'Neal, Barbara Volsky, Liuzhe Li, Timothy Cardozo, Phillipe Nyambi, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Xiang-Peng Kong. Human Anti-V3 HIV-1 Monoclonal Antibodies Encoded by the VH5-51/VL Lambda Genes Define a Conserved Antigenic Structure. PLoS One, 6(12):e27780, 2011. PubMed ID: 22164215. Show all entries for this paper.

Hill1997 C. M. Hill, H. Deng, D. Unutmaz, V. N. Kewalramani, L. Bastiani, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and D. R. Littman. Envelope glycoproteins from human immunodeficiency virus types 1 and 2 and simian immunodeficiency virus can use human CCR5 as a coreceptor for viral entry and make direct CD4-dependent interactions with this chemokine receptor. J. Virol., 71:6296-6304, 1997. PubMed ID: 9261346. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe1997b C. E. Hioe, S. Xu, P. Chigurupati, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Neutralization of HIV-1 Primary Isolates by Polyclonal and Monoclonal Human Antibodies. Int. Immunol., 9(9):1281-1290, Sep 1997. PubMed ID: 9310831. Show all entries for this paper.

Holl2006 Vincent Holl, Maryse Peressin, Thomas Decoville, Sylvie Schmidt, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Anne-Marie Aubertin, and Christiane Moog. Nonneutralizing Antibodies Are Able To Inhibit Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication in Macrophages and Immature Dendritic Cells. J. Virol., 80(12):6177-6181, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16731957. Show all entries for this paper.

Karwowska1992a S. Karwowska, M. K. Gorny, A. Buchbinder, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Type-specific human monoclonal antibodies cross-react with the V3-loop of various HIV-1 isolates. Vaccines 92, :171-174, 1992. Editors: F. Brown, H. S. Ginsberg and R. Lerner, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY. Show all entries for this paper.

LaCasse1998 R. A. LaCasse, K. E. Follis, T. Moudgil, M. Trahey, J. M. Binley, V. Planelles, S. Zolla-Pazner, and J. H. Nunberg. Coreceptor utilization by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is not a primary determinant of neutralization sensitivity. J. Virol., 72:2491-5, 1998. A T-cell line-adapted (TCLA) derivative of SI primary isolate 168P acquired the ability to to be neutralized by anti-V3 MAbs 257-D, 268-D and 50.1. The primary isolate could use either CCR5 or CXCR4, and was not neutralized when infection was directed via either pathway, but the TCLA derivative uses CXCR4 only and is neutralized. Thus coreceptor usage is not the primary determinant of differential neutralization sensitivity in primary versus TCLA strains. PubMed ID: 9499111. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi2000 P. N. Nyambi, H. A. Mbah, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, A. Nadas, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Conserved and Exposed Epitopes on Intact, Native, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virions of Group M. J. Virol., 74:7096-7107, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888650. Show all entries for this paper.

Oggioni1999 M. R. Oggioni, D. Medaglini, L. Romano, F. Peruzzi, T. Maggi, L. Lozzi, L. Bracci, M. Zazzi, F. Manca, P. E. Valensin, and G. Pozzi. Antigenicity and Immunogenicity of the V3 Domain of HIV Type 1 Glycoprotein 120 Expressed on the Surface of Streptococcus gordonii. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 15:451-459, 1999. PubMed ID: 10195755. Show all entries for this paper.

Park2000 E. J. Park, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and G. V. Quinnan. A global neutralization resistance phenotype of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is determined by distinct mechanisms mediating enhanced infectivity and conformational change of the envelope complex. J. Virol., 74:4183-91, 2000. PubMed ID: 10756031. Show all entries for this paper.

Patel2008 Milloni B Patel, Noah G. Hoffman, and Ronald Swanstrom. Subtype-Specific Conformational Differences within the V3 Region of Subtype B and Subtype C Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Env Proteins. J. Virol., 82(2):903-916, Jan 2008. PubMed ID: 18003735. Show all entries for this paper.

Schutten1995 M. Schutten, A. C. Andeweg, M. L. Bosch, and A. D. Osterhaus. Enhancement of Infectivity of a Non-Syncytium Inducing HIV-1 by sCD4 and by Human Antibodies that Neutralize Syncytium Inducing HIV-1. Scand. J. Immunol., 41:18-22, 1995. PubMed ID: 7824885. Show all entries for this paper.

Schutten1995a M. Schutten, J. P. Langedijk, A. C. Andeweg, R. C. Huisman, R. H. Meloen, and A. D. Osterhaus. Characterization of a V3 Domain-Specific Neutralizing Human Monoclonal Antibody That Preferentially Recognizes Non-Syncytium-Inducing Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Strains. J. Gen. Virol., 76:1665-1673, 1995. Characterization of HuMAb MN215. PubMed ID: 9049372. Show all entries for this paper.

Schutten1996 M. Schutten, K. Tenner-Racz, P. Racz, D. W. van Bekkum, and A. D. Osterhaus. Human antibodies that neutralize primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in vitro do not provide protection in an in vivo model. J. Gen. Virol., 77:1667-75, Aug 1996. PubMed ID: 8760413. Show all entries for this paper.

Schutten1997 M. Schutten, A. C. Andeweg, G. F. Rimmelzwaan, and A. D. Osterhaus. Modulation of primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoprotein-mediated entry by human antibodies. J. Gen. Virol., 78:999-1006, 1997. A series of HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins from related primary virus isolates of different SI phenotypes, together with chimeras of these proteins, were tested in an envelope trans-complementation assay for their sensitivity to either antibody mediated inhibition or enhancement of HIV-1 entry. In contrast to the inhibition of HIV-1 entry, antibody mediated enhancement was not temperature dependent and could not be mediated by F(ab) fragments, implicating cross-linking as an important step. Enhancement or inhibition seemed to be determined by virus isolate rather than by the specificity of the antiserum used. 2F5 was the only MAb that inhibited the entry of all viruses. PubMed ID: 9152416. Show all entries for this paper.

Spear1993 G. T. Spear, D. M. Takefman, B. L. Sullivan, A. L. Landay, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Complement activation by human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol., 67:53-59, 1993. This study looked at the ability of 16 human MAbs to activate complement. MAbs directed against the V3 region could induce C3 deposition on infected cells and virolysis of free virus, but antibodies to the CD4BS and C-terminal region and two regions in gp41 could induce no complement mediated effects. Pre-treatment with sCD4 could increase complement-mediated effects of anti-gp41 MAbs, but decreased the complement-mediated effects of V3 MAbs. Anti-gp41 MAbs were able to affect IIIB but not MN virolysis, suggesting spontaneous shedding of gp120 on IIIB virions exposes gp41 epitopes. IgG isotype did not appear to have an effect on virolysis or C3 deposition. PubMed ID: 7677959. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1995 L. Stamatatos and C. Cheng-Mayer. Structural Modulations of the Envelope gp120 Glycoprotein of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 upon Oligomerization and the Differential V3 Loop Epitope Exposure of Isolates Displaying Distinct Tropism upon Viral-Soluble Receptor Binding. J. Virol., 69:6191-6198, 1995. PubMed ID: 7545244. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1997 L. Stamatatos, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and C. Cheng-Mayer. Binding of Antibodies to Virion-Associated gp120 Molecules of Primary-Like Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Isolates: Effect on HIV-1 Infection of Macrophages and Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells. Virology, 229:360-369, 1997. PubMed ID: 9126249. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1998 L. Stamatatos and C. Cheng-Mayer. An Envelope Modification That Renders a Primary, Neutralization-Resistant Clade B Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate Highly Susceptible to Neutralization by Sera from Other Clades. J. Virol., 72:7840-7845, 1998. PubMed ID: 9733820. Show all entries for this paper.

Totrov2010 Maxim Totrov, Xunqing Jiang, Xiang-Peng Kong, Sandra Cohen, Chavdar Krachmarov, Aidy Salomon, Constance Williams, Michael S. Seaman, Ruben Abagyan, Timothy Cardozo, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Shixia Wang, Shan Lu, Abraham Pinter, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Structure-Guided Design and Immunological Characterization of Immunogens Presenting the HIV-1 gp120 V3 Loop on a CTB Scaffold. Virology, 405(2):513-523, 30 Sep 2010. PubMed ID: 20663531. Show all entries for this paper.

VanCott1994 T. C. VanCott, F. R. Bethke, V. R. Polonis, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, R. R. Redfield, and D. L. Birx. Dissociation Rate of Antibody-gp120 Binding Interactions Is Predictive of V3-Mediated Neutralization of HIV-1. J. Immunol., 153:449-459, 1994. Using surface plasmon resonance it was found that the rate of the dissociation of the MAb-gp120 complex, but not the association rate, correlated with MAbs ability to neutralize homologous virus (measured by 50\% inhibition of p24 production). Association constants were similar for all MAbs tested, varying less than 4-fold. Dissociation rate constants were quite variable, with 100-fold differences observed. PubMed ID: 7515931. Show all entries for this paper.

Vella2002 Cherelyn Vella, Natalie N. Zheng, Philippa Easterbrook, and Rod S. Daniels. Herpesvirus saimiri-Immortalized Human Lymphocytes: Novel Hosts for Analyzing HIV Type 1 in Vitro Neutralization. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 18(13):933-946, 1 Sep 2002. PubMed ID: 12230936. Show all entries for this paper.

Vincent2012 Nadine Vincent and Etienne Malvoisin. Ability of Antibodies Specific to the HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein to Block the Fusion Inhibitor T20 in a Cell-Cell Fusion Assay. Immunobiology, 217(10):943-950, Oct 2012. PubMed ID: 22387075. Show all entries for this paper.

Wisnewski1996 A. Wisnewski, L. Cavacini, and M. Posner. Human antibody variable region gene usage in HIV-1 infection. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr. Hum. Retrovirol., 11:31-38, 1996. PubMed ID: 8528730. Show all entries for this paper.

Yang1998 G. Yang, M. P. D'Souza, and G. N. Vyas. Neutralizing Antibodies against HIV Determined by Amplification of Viral Long Terminal Repeat Sequences from Cells Infected In Vitro by Nonneutralized Virions. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr. Hum. Retrovirol., 17:27-34, 1998. A neutralization assay was developed based on heminested PCR amplification of the LTR (HNPCR) -- LTR-HNPCR consistently revealed HIV DNA and was shown to be a rapid, specific and reliable neutralization assay based on tests with 6 MAbs and 5 HIV isolates. PubMed ID: 9436755. Show all entries for this paper.

York2001 J. York, K. E. Follis, M. Trahey, P. N. Nyambi, S. Zolla-Pazner, and J. H. Nunberg. Antibody binding and neutralization of primary and T-cell line-adapted isolates of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J. Virol., 75(6):2741--52, Mar 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/6/2741. PubMed ID: 11222697. Show all entries for this paper.

Zhang2002 Peng Fei Zhang, Peter Bouma, Eun Ju Park, Joseph B. Margolick, James E. Robinson, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Michael N. Flora, and Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr. A Variable Region 3 (V3) Mutation Determines a Global Neutralization Phenotype and CD4-Independent Infectivity of a Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Associated with a Broadly Cross-Reactive, Primary Virus-Neutralizing Antibody Response. J. Virol., 76(2):644-655, Jan 2002. PubMed ID: 11752155. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1995 S. Zolla-Pazner, J. O'Leary, S. Burda, M. K. Gorny, M. Kim, J. Mascola, and F. McCutchan. Serotyping of primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolates from diverse geographic locations by flow cytometry. J. Virol., 69:3807-3815, 1995. A set of 13 human MAbs to a variety of epitopes were tested against a panel of primary isolates of HIV-1, representing different genetic clades. The V3 loop tended to be B clade restricted, and a single gp120 C-terminus binding antibody was clade specific. Two other gp120 C-terminus binding antibodies were group specific. PubMed ID: 7745728. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999a S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, P. N. Nyambi, T. C. VanCott, and A. Nadas. Immunotyping of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV): An Approach to Immunologic Classification of HIV. J. Virol., 73:4042-4051, 1999. 21 human anti-V3 MAbs were studied with respect to cross-clade reactivity and immunological relationship to other human anti-V3 MAbs. Broad cross-reactivities were observed, and V3 peptides were grouped into immunotypes that contained peptides from several clades. PubMed ID: 10196300. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999b S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and P. N. Nyambi. The implications of antigenic diversity for vaccine development. Immunol. Lett., 66:159-64, 1999. PubMed ID: 10203049. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 473

Download this epitope record as JSON.

MAb ID 311-11-D (311-11D, 311, 311D, 311-D)
HXB2 Location gp160(305-313)
DNA(7137..7163)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120( MN)
Research Contact Susan Zolla-Pazner (Zollas01@mcrcr6.med.nyu) (NYU Med. Center)
Epitope KRIHIGP Epitope Alignment
KRIHIGP epitope logo
Subtype B
Ab Type gp120 V3 // V3 glycan (V3g)
Neutralizing L
Species (Isotype) human(IgG1λ)
Patient  
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords antibody binding site, antibody generation, antibody sequence, complement, review, subtype comparisons

Notes

Showing 8 of 8 notes.

References

Showing 9 of 9 references.

Isolation Paper
Gorny1993 M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, S. Karwowska, A. Buchbinder, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Repertoire of Neutralizing Human Monoclonal Antibodies Specific for The V3 Domain of HIV-1 gp120. J. Immunol., 150:635-643, 1993. Characterizaton of 12 human MAbs that bind and neutralize the MN isolate with 50\% neutralization. Two of these antibodies also bound and neutralized IIIB: 447-52-D and 694/98-D; all others could not bind HXB2 peptides. All but two, 418-D and 412-D could bind to SF2 peptides. PubMed ID: 7678279. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1998 M. K. Gorny, J. R. Mascola, Z. R. Israel, T. C. VanCott, C. Williams, P. Balfe, C. Hioe, S. Brodine, S. Burda, and S. Zolla-Pazner. A Human Monoclonal Antibody Specific for the V3 Loop of HIV Type 1 Clade E Cross-Reacts with Other HIV Type 1 Clades. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 14:213-221, 1998. PubMed ID: 9491911. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2004 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Kathy Revesz, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Mark K. Louder, Christopher A. Anyangwe, Chavdar Krachmarov, Samuel C. Kayman, Abraham Pinter, Arthur Nadas, Phillipe N. Nyambi, John R. Mascola, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. The V3 Loop is Accessible on the Surface of Most Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolates and Serves as a Neutralization Epitope. J. Virol., 78(5):2394-2404, Mar 2004. PubMed ID: 14963135. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2009 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Bradley Witover, Sherri Burda, Mateusz Urbanski, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Arthur Nadas. Preferential Use of the VH5-51 Gene Segment by the Human Immune Response to Code for Antibodies against the V3 Domain of HIV-1. Mol. Immunol., 46(5):917-926, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 18952295. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi2000 P. N. Nyambi, H. A. Mbah, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, A. Nadas, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Conserved and Exposed Epitopes on Intact, Native, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virions of Group M. J. Virol., 74:7096-7107, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888650. Show all entries for this paper.

Spear1993 G. T. Spear, D. M. Takefman, B. L. Sullivan, A. L. Landay, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Complement activation by human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol., 67:53-59, 1993. This study looked at the ability of 16 human MAbs to activate complement. MAbs directed against the V3 region could induce C3 deposition on infected cells and virolysis of free virus, but antibodies to the CD4BS and C-terminal region and two regions in gp41 could induce no complement mediated effects. Pre-treatment with sCD4 could increase complement-mediated effects of anti-gp41 MAbs, but decreased the complement-mediated effects of V3 MAbs. Anti-gp41 MAbs were able to affect IIIB but not MN virolysis, suggesting spontaneous shedding of gp120 on IIIB virions exposes gp41 epitopes. IgG isotype did not appear to have an effect on virolysis or C3 deposition. PubMed ID: 7677959. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999a S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, P. N. Nyambi, T. C. VanCott, and A. Nadas. Immunotyping of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV): An Approach to Immunologic Classification of HIV. J. Virol., 73:4042-4051, 1999. 21 human anti-V3 MAbs were studied with respect to cross-clade reactivity and immunological relationship to other human anti-V3 MAbs. Broad cross-reactivities were observed, and V3 peptides were grouped into immunotypes that contained peptides from several clades. PubMed ID: 10196300. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999b S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and P. N. Nyambi. The implications of antigenic diversity for vaccine development. Immunol. Lett., 66:159-64, 1999. PubMed ID: 10203049. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 497

Download this epitope record as JSON.

MAb ID 419-D (419, 419D)
HXB2 Location gp160(309-315)
DNA(7149..7169)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120( MN)
Research Contact Susan Zolla-Pazner (Zollas01@mcrcr6.med.nyu) (NYU Med. Center)
Epitope IHIGPGR Epitope Alignment
IHIGPGR epitope logo
Subtype B
Ab Type gp120 V3 // V3 glycan (V3g)
Neutralizing L
Species (Isotype) human(IgG1λ)
Patient  
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords antibody binding site, antibody generation, antibody sequence, binding affinity, complement, mimotopes, review, structure, subtype comparisons, superinfection, vaccine antigen design, variant cross-reactivity

Notes

Showing 13 of 13 notes.

References

Showing 14 of 14 references.

Isolation Paper
Gorny1993 M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, S. Karwowska, A. Buchbinder, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Repertoire of Neutralizing Human Monoclonal Antibodies Specific for The V3 Domain of HIV-1 gp120. J. Immunol., 150:635-643, 1993. Characterizaton of 12 human MAbs that bind and neutralize the MN isolate with 50\% neutralization. Two of these antibodies also bound and neutralized IIIB: 447-52-D and 694/98-D; all others could not bind HXB2 peptides. All but two, 418-D and 412-D could bind to SF2 peptides. PubMed ID: 7678279. Show all entries for this paper.

Fontenot1995 J. D. Fontenot, T. C. VanCott, B. S. Parekh, C. P. Pau, J. R. George, D. L. Birx, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and J. M. Gatewood. Presentation of HIV V3 Loop Epitopes for Enhanced Antigenicity, Immunogenicity and Diagnostic Potential. AIDS, 9:1121-1129, 1995. PubMed ID: 8519447. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2004 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Kathy Revesz, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Mark K. Louder, Christopher A. Anyangwe, Chavdar Krachmarov, Samuel C. Kayman, Abraham Pinter, Arthur Nadas, Phillipe N. Nyambi, John R. Mascola, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. The V3 Loop is Accessible on the Surface of Most Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolates and Serves as a Neutralization Epitope. J. Virol., 78(5):2394-2404, Mar 2004. PubMed ID: 14963135. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2009 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Bradley Witover, Sherri Burda, Mateusz Urbanski, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Arthur Nadas. Preferential Use of the VH5-51 Gene Segment by the Human Immune Response to Code for Antibodies against the V3 Domain of HIV-1. Mol. Immunol., 46(5):917-926, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 18952295. Show all entries for this paper.

He2002 Yuxian He, William J. Honnen, Chavdar P. Krachmarov, Michael Burkhart, Samuel C. Kayman, Jose Corvalan, and Abraham Pinter. Efficient Isolation of Novel Human Monoclonal Antibodies with Neutralizing Activity Against HIV-1 from Transgenic Mice Expressing Human Ig Loci. J. Immunol., 169(1):595-605, 1 Jul 2002. PubMed ID: 12077293. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe1997b C. E. Hioe, S. Xu, P. Chigurupati, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Neutralization of HIV-1 Primary Isolates by Polyclonal and Monoclonal Human Antibodies. Int. Immunol., 9(9):1281-1290, Sep 1997. PubMed ID: 9310831. Show all entries for this paper.

Karwowska1992a S. Karwowska, M. K. Gorny, A. Buchbinder, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Type-specific human monoclonal antibodies cross-react with the V3-loop of various HIV-1 isolates. Vaccines 92, :171-174, 1992. Editors: F. Brown, H. S. Ginsberg and R. Lerner, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi1998 P. N. Nyambi, M. K. Gorny, L. Bastiani, G. van der Groen, C. Williams, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Mapping of Epitopes Exposed on Intact Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Virions: A New Strategy for Studying the Immunologic Relatedness of HIV-1. J. Virol., 72:9384-9391, 1998. 18 human MAbs binding to gp120 and gp41 were tested using a novel assay to test binding to intact HIV-1 virions. The new method involves using MAbs to the host proteins incorporated into virions to bind them to ELIZA plates. Antigenic conservation in epitopes of HIV-1 in clades A, B, D, F, G, and H was studied. MAbs were selected that were directed against V2, V3, CD4bd, C5 or gp41 regions. Antibodies against V2, the CD4BS, and sp41 showed weak and sporadic reactivities, while binding strongly to gp120, suggesting these epitopes are hidden when gp120 is in its native, quaternary structure. PubMed ID: 9765494. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi2000 P. N. Nyambi, H. A. Mbah, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, A. Nadas, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Conserved and Exposed Epitopes on Intact, Native, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virions of Group M. J. Virol., 74:7096-7107, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888650. Show all entries for this paper.

Spear1993 G. T. Spear, D. M. Takefman, B. L. Sullivan, A. L. Landay, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Complement activation by human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol., 67:53-59, 1993. This study looked at the ability of 16 human MAbs to activate complement. MAbs directed against the V3 region could induce C3 deposition on infected cells and virolysis of free virus, but antibodies to the CD4BS and C-terminal region and two regions in gp41 could induce no complement mediated effects. Pre-treatment with sCD4 could increase complement-mediated effects of anti-gp41 MAbs, but decreased the complement-mediated effects of V3 MAbs. Anti-gp41 MAbs were able to affect IIIB but not MN virolysis, suggesting spontaneous shedding of gp120 on IIIB virions exposes gp41 epitopes. IgG isotype did not appear to have an effect on virolysis or C3 deposition. PubMed ID: 7677959. Show all entries for this paper.

Totrov2010 Maxim Totrov, Xunqing Jiang, Xiang-Peng Kong, Sandra Cohen, Chavdar Krachmarov, Aidy Salomon, Constance Williams, Michael S. Seaman, Ruben Abagyan, Timothy Cardozo, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Shixia Wang, Shan Lu, Abraham Pinter, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Structure-Guided Design and Immunological Characterization of Immunogens Presenting the HIV-1 gp120 V3 Loop on a CTB Scaffold. Virology, 405(2):513-523, 30 Sep 2010. PubMed ID: 20663531. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999a S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, P. N. Nyambi, T. C. VanCott, and A. Nadas. Immunotyping of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV): An Approach to Immunologic Classification of HIV. J. Virol., 73:4042-4051, 1999. 21 human anti-V3 MAbs were studied with respect to cross-clade reactivity and immunological relationship to other human anti-V3 MAbs. Broad cross-reactivities were observed, and V3 peptides were grouped into immunotypes that contained peptides from several clades. PubMed ID: 10196300. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999b S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and P. N. Nyambi. The implications of antigenic diversity for vaccine development. Immunol. Lett., 66:159-64, 1999. PubMed ID: 10203049. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 485

Download this epitope record as JSON.

MAb ID 268-D (268-11-D-IV, 268D, 268, 268-11D, 268-10D, MAb 268, 268-10-D, ARP, 268-D IV)
HXB2 Location gp160(310-315)
DNA(7152..7169)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120( MN)
Research Contact Susan Zolla-Pazner (Zollas01@mcrcr6.med.nyu) (NYU Med. Center)
Epitope HIGPGR Epitope Alignment
HIGPGR epitope logo
Subtype B
Ab Type gp120 V3 // V3 glycan (V3g)
Neutralizing L
Species (Isotype) human(IgG1λ)
Patient 268
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords antibody binding site, antibody generation, antibody interactions, antibody sequence, binding affinity, dendritic cells, mimotopes, neutralization, review, structure, subtype comparisons, vaccine-induced immune responses

Notes

Showing 37 of 37 notes.

References

Showing 37 of 37 references.

Isolation Paper
Gorny1991 M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, V. Gianakakos, S. Karwowska, C. Williams, H. W. Sheppard, C. V. Hanson, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Production of site-selected neutralizing human monoclonal antibodies against the third variable domain of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoprotein. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 88:3238-3242, 1991. PubMed ID: 2014246. Show all entries for this paper.

Beddows1999 S. Beddows, S. Lister, R. Cheingsong, C. Bruck, and J. Weber. Comparison of the Antibody Repertoire Generated in Healthy Volunteers following Immunization with a Monomeric Recombinant gp120 Construct Derived from a CCR5/CXCR4-Using Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate with Sera from Naturally Infected Individuals. J. Virol., 73:1740-1745, 1999. PubMed ID: 9882391. Show all entries for this paper.

Davis2009 Katie L. Davis, Frederic Bibollet-Ruche, Hui Li, Julie M. Decker, Olaf Kutsch, Lynn Morris, Aidy Salomon, Abraham Pinter, James A. Hoxie, Beatrice H. Hahn, Peter D. Kwong, and George M. Shaw. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 2 (HIV-2)/HIV-1 Envelope Chimeras Detect High Titers of Broadly Reactive HIV-1 V3-Specific Antibodies in Human Plasma. J. Virol., 83(3):1240-1259, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 19019969. Show all entries for this paper.

DSouza1991 M. P. D'Souza, P. Durda, C. V. Hanson, G. Milman, and Collaborating Investigators. Evaluation of Monoclonal Antibodies to HIV-1 by Neutralization and Serological Assays: An International Collaboration. AIDS, 5:1061-1070, 1991. PubMed ID: 1718320. Show all entries for this paper.

Fontenot1995 J. D. Fontenot, T. C. VanCott, B. S. Parekh, C. P. Pau, J. R. George, D. L. Birx, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and J. M. Gatewood. Presentation of HIV V3 Loop Epitopes for Enhanced Antigenicity, Immunogenicity and Diagnostic Potential. AIDS, 9:1121-1129, 1995. PubMed ID: 8519447. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1993 M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, S. Karwowska, A. Buchbinder, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Repertoire of Neutralizing Human Monoclonal Antibodies Specific for The V3 Domain of HIV-1 gp120. J. Immunol., 150:635-643, 1993. Characterizaton of 12 human MAbs that bind and neutralize the MN isolate with 50\% neutralization. Two of these antibodies also bound and neutralized IIIB: 447-52-D and 694/98-D; all others could not bind HXB2 peptides. All but two, 418-D and 412-D could bind to SF2 peptides. PubMed ID: 7678279. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2004 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Kathy Revesz, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Mark K. Louder, Christopher A. Anyangwe, Chavdar Krachmarov, Samuel C. Kayman, Abraham Pinter, Arthur Nadas, Phillipe N. Nyambi, John R. Mascola, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. The V3 Loop is Accessible on the Surface of Most Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolates and Serves as a Neutralization Epitope. J. Virol., 78(5):2394-2404, Mar 2004. PubMed ID: 14963135. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2009 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Bradley Witover, Sherri Burda, Mateusz Urbanski, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Arthur Nadas. Preferential Use of the VH5-51 Gene Segment by the Human Immune Response to Code for Antibodies against the V3 Domain of HIV-1. Mol. Immunol., 46(5):917-926, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 18952295. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe1997b C. E. Hioe, S. Xu, P. Chigurupati, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Neutralization of HIV-1 Primary Isolates by Polyclonal and Monoclonal Human Antibodies. Int. Immunol., 9(9):1281-1290, Sep 1997. PubMed ID: 9310831. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe2000 C. E. Hioe, G. J. Jones, A. D. Rees, S. Ratto-Kim, D. Birx, C. Munz, M. K. Gorny, M. Tuen, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Anti-CD4-Binding Domain Antibodies Complexed with HIV Type 1 Glycoprotein 120 Inhibit CD4+ T Cell-Proliferative Responses to Glycoprotein 120. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 16:893-905, 2000. PubMed ID: 10875615. Show all entries for this paper.

Holl2006 Vincent Holl, Maryse Peressin, Thomas Decoville, Sylvie Schmidt, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Anne-Marie Aubertin, and Christiane Moog. Nonneutralizing Antibodies Are Able To Inhibit Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication in Macrophages and Immature Dendritic Cells. J. Virol., 80(12):6177-6181, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16731957. Show all entries for this paper.

Jiang2010 Xunqing Jiang, Valicia Burke, Maxim Totrov, Constance Williams, Timothy Cardozo, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Xiang-Peng Kong. Conserved Structural Elements in the V3 Crown of HIV-1 gp120. Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol., 17(8):955-961, Aug 2010. PubMed ID: 20622876. Show all entries for this paper.

Karwowska1992a S. Karwowska, M. K. Gorny, A. Buchbinder, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Type-specific human monoclonal antibodies cross-react with the V3-loop of various HIV-1 isolates. Vaccines 92, :171-174, 1992. Editors: F. Brown, H. S. Ginsberg and R. Lerner, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY. Show all entries for this paper.

LaCasse1998 R. A. LaCasse, K. E. Follis, T. Moudgil, M. Trahey, J. M. Binley, V. Planelles, S. Zolla-Pazner, and J. H. Nunberg. Coreceptor utilization by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is not a primary determinant of neutralization sensitivity. J. Virol., 72:2491-5, 1998. A T-cell line-adapted (TCLA) derivative of SI primary isolate 168P acquired the ability to to be neutralized by anti-V3 MAbs 257-D, 268-D and 50.1. The primary isolate could use either CCR5 or CXCR4, and was not neutralized when infection was directed via either pathway, but the TCLA derivative uses CXCR4 only and is neutralized. Thus coreceptor usage is not the primary determinant of differential neutralization sensitivity in primary versus TCLA strains. PubMed ID: 9499111. Show all entries for this paper.

Laisney1999 I. L. Laisney and A. D. Strosberg. Dual Specificity of a Human Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibody, Specific for the V3 Loop of GP120 (HIV-1). Immunol. Lett., 67:185-192, 1999. PubMed ID: 10369125. Show all entries for this paper.

Lusso2005 Paolo Lusso, Patricia L. Earl, Francesca Sironi, Fabio Santoro, Chiara Ripamonti, Gabriella Scarlatti, Renato Longhi, Edward A. Berger, and Samuele E. Burastero. Cryptic Nature of a Conserved, CD4-Inducible V3 Loop Neutralization Epitope in the Native Envelope Glycoprotein Oligomer of CCR5-Restricted, but not CXCR4-Using, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Strains. J. Virol., 79(11):6957-6968, Jun 2005. PubMed ID: 15890935. Show all entries for this paper.

McKeating1996b J. A. McKeating, Y. J. Zhang, C. Arnold, R. Frederiksson, E. M. Fenyo, and P. Balfe. Chimeric viruses expressing primary envelope glycoproteins of human immunodeficiency virus type I show increased sensitivity to neutralization by human sera. Virology, 220:450-460, 1996. Chimeric viruses for HXB2 with primary isolate gp120 gave patterns of cell tropism and cytopathicity identical to the original primary viruses. Sera that were unable to neutralize the primary isolates were in some cases able to neutralize chimeric viruses, indicating that some of the neutralizing epitopes were in gp41. PubMed ID: 8661395. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi2000 P. N. Nyambi, H. A. Mbah, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, A. Nadas, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Conserved and Exposed Epitopes on Intact, Native, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virions of Group M. J. Virol., 74:7096-7107, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888650. Show all entries for this paper.

Oggioni1999 M. R. Oggioni, D. Medaglini, L. Romano, F. Peruzzi, T. Maggi, L. Lozzi, L. Bracci, M. Zazzi, F. Manca, P. E. Valensin, and G. Pozzi. Antigenicity and Immunogenicity of the V3 Domain of HIV Type 1 Glycoprotein 120 Expressed on the Surface of Streptococcus gordonii. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 15:451-459, 1999. PubMed ID: 10195755. Show all entries for this paper.

Park2000 E. J. Park, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and G. V. Quinnan. A global neutralization resistance phenotype of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is determined by distinct mechanisms mediating enhanced infectivity and conformational change of the envelope complex. J. Virol., 74:4183-91, 2000. PubMed ID: 10756031. Show all entries for this paper.

Patel2008 Milloni B Patel, Noah G. Hoffman, and Ronald Swanstrom. Subtype-Specific Conformational Differences within the V3 Region of Subtype B and Subtype C Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Env Proteins. J. Virol., 82(2):903-916, Jan 2008. PubMed ID: 18003735. Show all entries for this paper.

Shmelkov2011 Evgeny Shmelkov, Arthur Nadas, James Swetnam, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Timothy Cardozo. Indirect Detection of an Epitope-Specific Response to HIV-1 gp120 Immunization in Human Subjects. PLoS One, 6(11):e27279, 2011. PubMed ID: 22076145. Show all entries for this paper.

Spear1993 G. T. Spear, D. M. Takefman, B. L. Sullivan, A. L. Landay, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Complement activation by human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol., 67:53-59, 1993. This study looked at the ability of 16 human MAbs to activate complement. MAbs directed against the V3 region could induce C3 deposition on infected cells and virolysis of free virus, but antibodies to the CD4BS and C-terminal region and two regions in gp41 could induce no complement mediated effects. Pre-treatment with sCD4 could increase complement-mediated effects of anti-gp41 MAbs, but decreased the complement-mediated effects of V3 MAbs. Anti-gp41 MAbs were able to affect IIIB but not MN virolysis, suggesting spontaneous shedding of gp120 on IIIB virions exposes gp41 epitopes. IgG isotype did not appear to have an effect on virolysis or C3 deposition. PubMed ID: 7677959. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1995 L. Stamatatos and C. Cheng-Mayer. Structural Modulations of the Envelope gp120 Glycoprotein of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 upon Oligomerization and the Differential V3 Loop Epitope Exposure of Isolates Displaying Distinct Tropism upon Viral-Soluble Receptor Binding. J. Virol., 69:6191-6198, 1995. PubMed ID: 7545244. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1997 L. Stamatatos, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and C. Cheng-Mayer. Binding of Antibodies to Virion-Associated gp120 Molecules of Primary-Like Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Isolates: Effect on HIV-1 Infection of Macrophages and Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells. Virology, 229:360-369, 1997. PubMed ID: 9126249. Show all entries for this paper.

Swetnam2010 James Swetnam, Evgeny Shmelkov, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Timothy Cardozo. Comparative Magnitude of Cross-Strain Conservation of HIV Variable Loop Neutralization Epitopes. PLoS One, 5(12):e15994, 2010. PubMed ID: 21209919. Show all entries for this paper.

VanCott1994 T. C. VanCott, F. R. Bethke, V. R. Polonis, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, R. R. Redfield, and D. L. Birx. Dissociation Rate of Antibody-gp120 Binding Interactions Is Predictive of V3-Mediated Neutralization of HIV-1. J. Immunol., 153:449-459, 1994. Using surface plasmon resonance it was found that the rate of the dissociation of the MAb-gp120 complex, but not the association rate, correlated with MAbs ability to neutralize homologous virus (measured by 50\% inhibition of p24 production). Association constants were similar for all MAbs tested, varying less than 4-fold. Dissociation rate constants were quite variable, with 100-fold differences observed. PubMed ID: 7515931. Show all entries for this paper.

Vella2002 Cherelyn Vella, Natalie N. Zheng, Philippa Easterbrook, and Rod S. Daniels. Herpesvirus saimiri-Immortalized Human Lymphocytes: Novel Hosts for Analyzing HIV Type 1 in Vitro Neutralization. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 18(13):933-946, 1 Sep 2002. PubMed ID: 12230936. Show all entries for this paper.

Vermeire2009 Kurt Vermeire, Kristel Van Laethem, Wouter Janssens, Thomas W. Bell, and Dominique Schols. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Escape from Cyclotriazadisulfonamide-Induced CD4-Targeted Entry Inhibition Is Associated with Increased Neutralizing Antibody Susceptibility. J. Virol., 83(18):9577-9583, Sep 2009. PubMed ID: 19570853. Show all entries for this paper.

Vincent2012 Nadine Vincent and Etienne Malvoisin. Ability of Antibodies Specific to the HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein to Block the Fusion Inhibitor T20 in a Cell-Cell Fusion Assay. Immunobiology, 217(10):943-950, Oct 2012. PubMed ID: 22387075. Show all entries for this paper.

Wisnewski1996 A. Wisnewski, L. Cavacini, and M. Posner. Human antibody variable region gene usage in HIV-1 infection. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr. Hum. Retrovirol., 11:31-38, 1996. PubMed ID: 8528730. Show all entries for this paper.

York2001 J. York, K. E. Follis, M. Trahey, P. N. Nyambi, S. Zolla-Pazner, and J. H. Nunberg. Antibody binding and neutralization of primary and T-cell line-adapted isolates of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J. Virol., 75(6):2741--52, Mar 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/6/2741. PubMed ID: 11222697. Show all entries for this paper.

Zhang2002 Peng Fei Zhang, Peter Bouma, Eun Ju Park, Joseph B. Margolick, James E. Robinson, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Michael N. Flora, and Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr. A Variable Region 3 (V3) Mutation Determines a Global Neutralization Phenotype and CD4-Independent Infectivity of a Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Associated with a Broadly Cross-Reactive, Primary Virus-Neutralizing Antibody Response. J. Virol., 76(2):644-655, Jan 2002. PubMed ID: 11752155. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1995 S. Zolla-Pazner, J. O'Leary, S. Burda, M. K. Gorny, M. Kim, J. Mascola, and F. McCutchan. Serotyping of primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolates from diverse geographic locations by flow cytometry. J. Virol., 69:3807-3815, 1995. A set of 13 human MAbs to a variety of epitopes were tested against a panel of primary isolates of HIV-1, representing different genetic clades. The V3 loop tended to be B clade restricted, and a single gp120 C-terminus binding antibody was clade specific. Two other gp120 C-terminus binding antibodies were group specific. PubMed ID: 7745728. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999a S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, P. N. Nyambi, T. C. VanCott, and A. Nadas. Immunotyping of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV): An Approach to Immunologic Classification of HIV. J. Virol., 73:4042-4051, 1999. 21 human anti-V3 MAbs were studied with respect to cross-clade reactivity and immunological relationship to other human anti-V3 MAbs. Broad cross-reactivities were observed, and V3 peptides were grouped into immunotypes that contained peptides from several clades. PubMed ID: 10196300. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999b S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and P. N. Nyambi. The implications of antigenic diversity for vaccine development. Immunol. Lett., 66:159-64, 1999. PubMed ID: 10203049. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 500

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MAb ID 447-52D (447/52-DII, 447-52-D, 447d, 447-52-D, 447-D, 447, 447D, 447D-52)
HXB2 Location gp160(312-315)
DNA(7158..7169)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120( MN)
Research Contact Dr. Susan Zolla-Pazner, NYU Med Center NY, NY; Veteran Affairs Med Center NY, NY; or Cellular Products Inc, Buffalo, NY,
Epitope GPGR Epitope Alignment
GPGR epitope logo
Subtype B
Ab Type gp120 V3 // V3 glycan (V3g)
Neutralizing L P  View neutralization details
Contacts and Features View contacts and features
Species (Isotype) human(IgG3λ)
Patient  
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords acute/early infection, ADCC, antibody binding site, antibody generation, antibody interactions, antibody lineage, antibody sequence, assay or method development, binding affinity, broad neutralizer, co-receptor, complement, computational epitope prediction, dendritic cells, dynamics, elite controllers, enhancing activity, escape, genital and mucosal immunity, glycosylation, HIV-2, kinetics, mimics, mimotopes, neutralization, optimal epitope, polyclonal antibodies, review, SIV, structure, subtype comparisons, supervised treatment interruptions (STI), Th2, vaccine antigen design, vaccine-induced immune responses, variant cross-reactivity, viral fitness and reversion

Notes

Showing 219 of 219 notes.

References

Showing 222 of 222 references.

Isolation Paper
Buchbinder1992 A. Buchbinder, S. Karwowska, M. K. Gorny, S. T. Burda, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Synergy between Human Monoclonal Antibodies to HIV Extends Their Effective Biologic Activity against Homologous and Divergent Strains. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 8:425-427, 1992. The anti-gp120 V3 MAb 447-D and the anti- gp120 CD4 BS MAb 588-D showed synergistic neutralization. PubMed ID: 1466965. Show all entries for this paper.

Agarwal2011 Alpna Agarwal, Catarina E. Hioe, James Swetnam, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Timothy Cardozo. Quantitative Assessment of Masking of Neutralization Epitopes in HIV-1. Vaccine, 29(39):6736-41, 9 Sep 2011. PubMed ID: 21216319. Show all entries for this paper.

Banerjee2009 Kaustuv Banerjee, Sofija Andjelic, Per Johan Klasse, Yun Kang, Rogier W. Sanders, Elizabeth Michael, Robert J. Durso, Thomas J. Ketas, William C. Olson, and John P. Moore. Enzymatic Removal of Mannose Moieties Can Increase the Immune Response to HIV-1 gp120 In Vivo. Virology, 389(1-2):108-121, 20 Jun 2009. PubMed ID: 19410272. Show all entries for this paper.

Baum2010 Linda L. Baum. Role of Humoral Immunity in Host Defense Against HIV. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep, 7(1):11-18, Feb 2010. PubMed ID: 20425053. Show all entries for this paper.

Beauparlant2017 David Beauparlant, Peter Rusert, Carsten Magnus, Claus Kadelka, Jacqueline Weber, Therese Uhr, Osvaldo Zagordi, Corinna Oberle, Maria J. Duenas-Decamp, Paul R. Clapham, Karin J. Metzner, Huldrych F. Gunthard, and Alexandra Trkola. Delineating CD4 dependency of HIV-1: Adaptation to infect low level CD4 expressing target cells widens cellular tropism but severely impacts on envelope functionality. PLoS Pathog, 13(3):e1006255 doi, Mar 2017. PubMed ID: 28264054 Show all entries for this paper.

Beddows1999 S. Beddows, S. Lister, R. Cheingsong, C. Bruck, and J. Weber. Comparison of the Antibody Repertoire Generated in Healthy Volunteers following Immunization with a Monomeric Recombinant gp120 Construct Derived from a CCR5/CXCR4-Using Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate with Sera from Naturally Infected Individuals. J. Virol., 73:1740-1745, 1999. PubMed ID: 9882391. Show all entries for this paper.

Beddows2005a Simon Beddows, Natalie N. Zheng, Carolina Herrera, Elizabeth Michael, Kelly Barnes, John P. Moore, Rod S. Daniels, and Jonathan N. Weber. Neutralization Sensitivity of HIV-1 Env-Pseudotyped Virus Clones is Determined by Co-Operativity between Mutations Which Modulate the CD4-Binding Site and Those That Affect gp120-gp41 Stability. Virology, 337(1):136-148, 20 Jun 2005. PubMed ID: 15914227. Show all entries for this paper.

Berro2009 Reem Berro, Rogier W. Sanders, Min Lu, Per J. Klasse, and John P. Moore. Two HIV-1 Variants Resistant to Small Molecule CCR5 Inhibitors Differ in How They Use CCR5 for Entry. PLoS Pathog., 5(8):e1000548, Aug 2009. PubMed ID: 19680536. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley1997 J. M. Binley, H. Arshad, T. R. Fouts, and J. P. Moore. An investigation of the high avidity antibody response to gp120 of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 13:1007-1015, 1997. PubMed ID: 9264287. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley2003 James M. Binley, Charmagne S. Cayanan, Cheryl Wiley, Norbert Schülke, William C. Olson, and Dennis R. Burton. Redox-Triggered Infection by Disulfide-Shackled Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Pseudovirions. J. Virol., 77(10):5678-5684, May 2003. PubMed ID: 12719560. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley2004 James M. Binley, Terri Wrin, Bette Korber, Michael B. Zwick, Meng Wang, Colombe Chappey, Gabriela Stiegler, Renate Kunert, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Hermann Katinger, Christos J. Petropoulos, and Dennis R. Burton. Comprehensive Cross-Clade Neutralization Analysis of a Panel of Anti-Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 78(23):13232-13252, Dec 2004. PubMed ID: 15542675. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley2006 James M. Binley, Stacie Ngo-Abdalla, Penny Moore, Michael Bobardt, Udayan Chatterji, Philippe Gallay, Dennis R. Burton, Ian A. Wilson, John H. Elder, and Aymeric de Parseval. Inhibition of HIV Env Binding to Cellular Receptors by Monoclonal Antibody 2G12 as Probed by Fc-Tagged gp120. Retrovirology, 3:39, 2006. PubMed ID: 16817962. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley2008 James M. Binley, Elizabeth A. Lybarger, Emma T. Crooks, Michael S. Seaman, Elin Gray, Katie L. Davis, Julie M. Decker, Diane Wycuff, Linda Harris, Natalie Hawkins, Blake Wood, Cory Nathe, Douglas Richman, Georgia D. Tomaras, Frederic Bibollet-Ruche, James E. Robinson, Lynn Morris, George M. Shaw, David C. Montefiori, and John R. Mascola. Profiling the Specificity of Neutralizing Antibodies in a Large Panel of Plasmas from Patients Chronically Infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Subtypes B and C. J. Virol., 82(23):11651-11668, Dec 2008. PubMed ID: 18815292. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley2010 James M Binley, Yih-En Andrew Ban, Emma T. Crooks, Dirk Eggink, Keiko Osawa, William R. Schief, and Rogier W. Sanders. Role of Complex Carbohydrates in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection and Resistance to Antibody Neutralization. J. Virol., 84(11):5637-5655, Jun 2010. PubMed ID: 20335257. Show all entries for this paper.

Bontjer2010 Ilja Bontjer, Mark Melchers, Dirk Eggink, Kathryn David, John P. Moore, Ben Berkhout, and Rogier W. Sanders. Stabilized HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Trimers Lacking the V1V2 Domain, Obtained by Virus Evolution. J. Biol. Chem, 285(47):36456-36470, 19 Nov 2010. PubMed ID: 20826824. Show all entries for this paper.

Boots1997 L. J. Boots, P. M. McKenna, B. A. Arnold, P. M. Keller, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, J. E. Robinson, and A. J. Conley. Anti-human immunodeficiency virus type 1 human monoclonal antibodies that bind discontinuous epitopes in the viral glycoproteins can identify mimotopes from recombinant phage peptide display libraries. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 13:1549-59, 1997. PubMed ID: 9430247. Show all entries for this paper.

Bricault2018 Christine A. Bricault, James M. Kovacs, Alexander Badamchi-Zadeh, Krisha McKee, Jennifer L. Shields, Bronwyn M. Gunn, George H. Neubauer, Fadi Ghantous, Julia Jennings, Lindsey Gillis, James Perry, Joseph P. Nkolola, Galit Alter, Bing Chen, Kathryn E. Stephenson, Nicole Doria-Rose, John R. Mascola, Michael S. Seaman, and Dan H. Barouch. Neutralizing Antibody Responses following Long-Term Vaccination with HIV-1 Env gp140 in Guinea Pigs. J. Virol., 92(13), 1 Jul 2018. PubMed ID: 29643249. Show all entries for this paper.

Burke2009 Valicia Burke, Constance Williams, Madhav Sukumaran, Seung-Sup Kim, Huiguang Li, Xiao-Hong Wang, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Xiang-Peng Kong. Structural Basis of the Cross-Reactivity of Genetically Related Human Anti-HIV-1 mAbs: Implications for Design of V3-Based Immunogens. Structure, 17(11):1538-1546, 11 Nov 2009. PubMed ID: 19913488. Show all entries for this paper.

Burton2005 Dennis R. Burton, Robyn L. Stanfield, and Ian A. Wilson. Antibody vs. HIV in a Clash of Evolutionary Titans. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 102(42):14943-14948, 18 Oct 2005. PubMed ID: 16219699. Show all entries for this paper.

Cai2017 Yongfei Cai, Selen Karaca-Griffin, Jia Chen, Sai Tian, Nicholas Fredette, Christine E. Linton, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Jianming Lu, Kshitij Wagh, James Theiler, Bette Korber, Michael S. Seaman, Stephen C. Harrison, Andrea Carfi, and Bing Chen. Antigenicity-Defined Conformations of an Extremely Neutralization-Resistant HIV-1 Envelope Spike. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 114(17):4477-4482, 25 Apr 2017. PubMed ID: 28396421. Show all entries for this paper.

Carbonetti2014 Sara Carbonetti, Brian G. Oliver, Jolene Glenn, Leonidas Stamatatos, and D. Noah Sather. Soluble HIV-1 Envelope Immunogens Derived from an Elite Neutralizer Elicit Cross-Reactive V1V2 Antibodies and Low Potency Neutralizing Antibodies. PLoS One, 9(1):e86905, 2014. PubMed ID: 24466285. Show all entries for this paper.

Cardozo2009 Timothy Cardozo, James Swetnam, Abraham Pinter, Chavdar Krachmarov, Arthur Nadas, David Almond, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Worldwide Distribution of HIV Type 1 Epitopes Recognized by Human Anti-V3 Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 25(4):441-450, Apr 2009. PubMed ID: 19320565. Show all entries for this paper.

Cavacini1993 L. A. Cavacini, C. L. Emes, J. Power, A. Buchbinder, S. Zolla-Pazner, and M. R. Posner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies to the V3 Loop of HIV-1 gp120 Mediate Variable and Distinct Effects on Binding and Viral Neutralization by a Human Monoclonal Antibody to the CD4 Binding Site. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr., 6:353-358, 1993. PubMed ID: 8455141. Show all entries for this paper.

Chakraborty2006 Kausik Chakraborty, Venuka Durani, Edward Roshan Miranda, Michael Citron, Xiaoping Liang, William Schleif, Joseph G. Joyce, and Raghavan Varadarajan. Design of Immunogens That Present the Crown of the HIV-1 V3 Loop in a Conformation Competent to Generate 447-52D-Like Antibodies. Biochem. J., 399(3):483-491, 1 Nov 2006. PubMed ID: 16827663. Show all entries for this paper.

Cham2006 Fatim Cham, Peng Fei Zhang, Leo Heyndrickx, Peter Bouma, Ping Zhong, Herman Katinger, James Robinson, Guido van der Groen, and Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr. Neutralization and Infectivity Characteristics of Envelope Glycoproteins from Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infected Donors Whose Sera Exhibit Broadly Cross-Reactive Neutralizing Activity. Virology, 347(1):36-51, 30 Mar 2006. PubMed ID: 16378633. Show all entries for this paper.

Ching2008 Lance K. Ching, Giorgos Vlachogiannis, Katherine A. Bosch, and Leonidas Stamatatos. The First Hypervariable Region of the gp120 Env Glycoprotein Defines the Neutralizing Susceptibility of Heterologous Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolates to Neutralizing Antibodies Elicited by the SF162gp140 Immunogen. J. Virol., 82(2):949-956, Jan 2008. PubMed ID: 18003732. Show all entries for this paper.

Ching2010 Lance Ching and Leonidas Stamatatos. Alterations in the Immunogenic Properties of Soluble Trimeric Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Proteins Induced by Deletion or Heterologous Substitutions of the V1 Loop. J. Virol., 84(19):9932-9946, Oct 2010. PubMed ID: 20660181. Show all entries for this paper.

Conley1994 A. J. Conley, M. K. Gorny, J. A. Kessler, II, L. J. Boots, M. Ossorio-Castro, S. Koenig, D. W. Lineberger, E. A. Emini, C. Williams, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Neutralization of Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolates by the Broadly Reactive Anti-V3 Monoclonal Antibody 447-52D. J. Virol., 68:6994-7000, 1994. PubMed ID: 7933081. Show all entries for this paper.

Connor1998 R. I. Connor, B. T. Korber, B. S. Graham, B. H. Hahn, D. D. Ho, B. D. Walker, A. U. Neumann, S. H. Vermund, J. Mestecky, S. Jackson, E. Fenamore, Y. Cao, F. Gao, S. Kalams, K. J. Kunstman, D. McDonald, N. McWilliams, A. Trkola, J. P. Moore, and S. M. Wolinsky. Immunological and virological analyses of persons infected by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 while participating in trials of recombinant gp120 subunit vaccines. J. Virol., 72:1552-76, 1998. No gp120-vaccine induced antibodies in a human trial of gp120 MN and SF2 could neutralize the primary viruses that infected the vaccinees. The primary isolates from the infected vaccinees were shown not to be particularly refractive to neutralization by their susceptibility to a panel of neutralizing MAbs. PubMed ID: 9445059. Show all entries for this paper.

Corti2010 Davide Corti, Johannes P. M. Langedijk, Andreas Hinz, Michael S. Seaman, Fabrizia Vanzetta, Blanca M. Fernandez-Rodriguez, Chiara Silacci, Debora Pinna, David Jarrossay, Sunita Balla-Jhagjhoorsingh, Betty Willems, Maria J. Zekveld, Hanna Dreja, Eithne O'Sullivan, Corinna Pade, Chloe Orkin, Simon A. Jeffs, David C. Montefiori, David Davis, Winfried Weissenhorn, Áine McKnight, Jonathan L. Heeney, Federica Sallusto, Quentin J. Sattentau, Robin A. Weiss, and Antonio Lanzavecchia. Analysis of Memory B Cell Responses and Isolation of Novel Monoclonal Antibodies with Neutralizing Breadth from HIV-1-Infected Individuals. PLoS One, 5(1):e8805, 2010. PubMed ID: 20098712. Show all entries for this paper.

Crooks2005 Emma T. Crooks, Penny L. Moore, Douglas Richman, James Robinson, Jeffrey A. Crooks, Michael Franti, Norbert Schülke, and James M. Binley. Characterizing Anti-HIV Monoclonal Antibodies and Immune Sera by Defining the Mechanism of Neutralization. Hum Antibodies, 14(3-4):101-113, 2005. PubMed ID: 16720980. Show all entries for this paper.

Davenport2011 Thaddeus M. Davenport, Della Friend, Katharine Ellingson, Hengyu Xu, Zachary Caldwell, George Sellhorn, Zane Kraft, Roland K. Strong, and Leonidas Stamatatos. Binding Interactions between Soluble HIV Envelope Glycoproteins and Quaternary-Structure-Specific Monoclonal Antibodies PG9 and PG16. J. Virol., 85(14):7095-7107, Jul 2011. PubMed ID: 21543501. Show all entries for this paper.

Davis2009 Katie L. Davis, Frederic Bibollet-Ruche, Hui Li, Julie M. Decker, Olaf Kutsch, Lynn Morris, Aidy Salomon, Abraham Pinter, James A. Hoxie, Beatrice H. Hahn, Peter D. Kwong, and George M. Shaw. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 2 (HIV-2)/HIV-1 Envelope Chimeras Detect High Titers of Broadly Reactive HIV-1 V3-Specific Antibodies in Human Plasma. J. Virol., 83(3):1240-1259, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 19019969. Show all entries for this paper.

Depetris2012 Rafael S Depetris, Jean-Philippe Julien, Reza Khayat, Jeong Hyun Lee, Robert Pejchal, Umesh Katpally, Nicolette Cocco, Milind Kachare, Evan Massi, Kathryn B. David, Albert Cupo, Andre J. Marozsan, William C. Olson, Andrew B. Ward, Ian A. Wilson, Rogier W. Sanders, and John P Moore. Partial Enzymatic Deglycosylation Preserves the Structure of Cleaved Recombinant HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Trimers. J. Biol. Chem., 287(29):24239-24254, 13 Jul 2012. PubMed ID: 22645128. Show all entries for this paper.

Derby2006 Nina R. Derby, Zane Kraft, Elaine Kan, Emma T. Crooks, Susan W. Barnett, Indresh K. Srivastava, James M. Binley, and Leonidas Stamatatos. Antibody Responses Elicited in Macaques Immunized with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) SF162-Derived gp140 Envelope Immunogens: Comparison with Those Elicited during Homologous Simian/Human Immunodeficiency Virus SHIVSF162P4 and Heterologous HIV-1 Infection. J. Virol., 80(17):8745-8762, Sep 2006. PubMed ID: 16912322. Show all entries for this paper.

Derby2007 Nina R. Derby, Sean Gray, Elizabeth Wayner, Dwayne Campogan, Giorgos Vlahogiannis, Zane Kraft, Susan W. Barnett, Indresh K. Srivastava, and Leonidas Stamatatos. Isolation and Characterization of Monoclonal Antibodies Elicited by Trimeric HIV-1 Env gp140 Protein Immunogens. Virology, 366(2):433-445, 30 Sep 2007. PubMed ID: 17560621. Show all entries for this paper.

Dervillez2010 Xavier Dervillez, Volker Klaukien, Ralf Dürr, Joachim Koch, Alexandra Kreutz, Thomas Haarmann, Michaela Stoll, Donghan Lee, Teresa Carlomagno, Barbara Schnierle, Kalle Möbius, Christoph Königs, Christian Griesinger, and Ursula Dietrich. Peptide Ligands Selected with CD4-Induced Epitopes on Native Dualtropic HIV-1 Envelope Proteins Mimic Extracellular Coreceptor Domains and Bind to HIV-1 gp120 Independently of Coreceptor Usage. J. Virol., 84(19):10131-10138, Oct 2010. PubMed ID: 20660187. Show all entries for this paper.

deTaeye2015 Steven W. de Taeye, Gabriel Ozorowski, Alba Torrents de la Peña, Miklos Guttman, Jean-Philippe Julien, Tom L. G. M. van den Kerkhof, Judith A. Burger, Laura K. Pritchard, Pavel Pugach, Anila Yasmeen, Jordan Crampton, Joyce Hu, Ilja Bontjer, Jonathan L. Torres, Heather Arendt, Joanne DeStefano, Wayne C. Koff, Hanneke Schuitemaker, Dirk Eggink, Ben Berkhout, Hansi Dean, Celia LaBranche, Shane Crotty, Max Crispin, David C. Montefiori, P. J. Klasse, Kelly K. Lee, John P. Moore, Ian A. Wilson, Andrew B. Ward, and Rogier W. Sanders. Immunogenicity of Stabilized HIV-1 Envelope Trimers with Reduced Exposure of Non-Neutralizing Epitopes. Cell, 163(7):1702-1715, 17 Dec 2015. PubMed ID: 26687358. Show all entries for this paper.

deTaeye2018 Steven W. de Taeye, Alba Torrents de la Peña, Andrea Vecchione, Enzo Scutigliani, Kwinten Sliepen, Judith A. Burger, Patricia van der Woude, Anna Schorcht, Edith E. Schermer, Marit J. van Gils, Celia C. LaBranche, David C. Montefiori, Ian A. Wilson, John P. Moore, Andrew B. Ward, and Rogier W. Sanders. Stabilization of the gp120 V3 Loop through Hydrophobic Interactions Reduces the Immunodominant V3-Directed Non-Neutralizing Response to HIV-1 Envelope Trimers. J. Biol. Chem., 293(5):1688-1701, 2 Feb 2018. PubMed ID: 29222332. Show all entries for this paper.

Dey2008 Antu K. Dey, Kathryn B. David, Neelanjana Ray, Thomas J. Ketas, Per J. Klasse, Robert W. Doms, and John P. Moore. N-Terminal Substitutions in HIV-1 gp41 Reduce the Expression of Non-Trimeric Envelope Glycoproteins on the Virus. Virology, 372(1):187-200, 1 Mar 2008. PubMed ID: 18031785. Show all entries for this paper.

Dhillon2007 Amandeep K. Dhillon, Helen Donners, Ralph Pantophlet, Welkin E. Johnson, Julie M. Decker, George M. Shaw, Fang-Hua Lee, Douglas D. Richman, Robert W. Doms, Guido Vanham, and Dennis R. Burton. Dissecting the Neutralizing Antibody Specificities of Broadly Neutralizing Sera from Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1-Infected Donors. J. Virol., 81(12):6548-6562, Jun 2007. PubMed ID: 17409160. Show all entries for this paper.

Dhillon2008 Amandeep K. Dhillon, Robyn L. Stanfield, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Constance Williams, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Ian A. Wilson. Structure Determination of an Anti-HIV-1 Fab 447-52D-Peptide Complex from an Epitaxially Twinned Data Set. Acta. Crystallogr. D Biol. Crystallogr., D64(7):792-802, Jul 2008. PubMed ID: 18566514. Show all entries for this paper.

Doria-Rose2010 Nicole A. Doria-Rose, Rachel M. Klein, Marcus G. Daniels, Sijy O'Dell, Martha Nason, Alan Lapedes, Tanmoy Bhattacharya, Stephen A. Migueles, Richard T. Wyatt, Bette T. Korber, John R. Mascola, and Mark Connors. Breadth of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Specific Neutralizing Activity in Sera: Clustering Analysis and Association with Clinical Variables. J. Virol., 84(3):1631-1636, Feb 2010. PubMed ID: 19923174. Show all entries for this paper.

Douagi2010 Iyadh Douagi, Mattias N. E. Forsell, Christopher Sundling, Sijy O'Dell, Yu Feng, Pia Dosenovic, Yuxing Li, Robert Seder, Karin Loré, John R. Mascola, Richard T. Wyatt, and Gunilla B. Karlsson Hedestam. Influence of Novel CD4 Binding-Defective HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Immunogens on Neutralizing Antibody and T-Cell Responses in Nonhuman Primates. J. Virol., 84(4):1683-1695, Feb 2010. PubMed ID: 19955308. Show all entries for this paper.

DSouza1997 M. P. D'Souza, D. Livnat, J. A. Bradac, S. H. Bridges, the AIDS Clinical Trials Group Antibody Selection Working Group, and Collaborating Investigators. Evaluation of monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 primary isolates by neutralization assays: performance criteria for selecting candidate antibodies for clinical trials. J. Infect. Dis., 175:1056-1062, 1997. Five laboratories evaluated neutralization of nine primary B clade isolates by a coded panel of seven human MAbs to HIV-1 subtype B envelope. IgG1b12, 2G12, 2F5 showed potent and broadly cross-reactive neutralizing ability; F105, 447/52-D, 729-D, 19b did not neutralize the primary isolates. PubMed ID: 9129066. Show all entries for this paper.

Eda2006 Yasuyuki Eda, Toshio Murakami, Yasushi Ami, Tadashi Nakasone, Mari Takizawa, Kenji Someya, Masahiko Kaizu, Yasuyuki Izumi, Naoto Yoshino, Shuzo Matsushita, Hirofumi Higuchi, Hajime Matsui, Katsuaki Shinohara, Hiroaki Takeuchi, Yoshio Koyanagi, Naoki Yamamoto, and Mitsuo Honda. Anti-V3 Humanized Antibody KD-247 Effectively Suppresses Ex Vivo Generation of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 and Affords Sterile Protection of Monkeys against a Heterologous Simian/Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection. J. Virol., 80(11):5563-5570, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16699037. Show all entries for this paper.

Eda2006a Yasuyuki Eda, Mari Takizawa, Toshio Murakami, Hiroaki Maeda, Kazuhiko Kimachi, Hiroshi Yonemura, Satoshi Koyanagi, Kouichi Shiosaki, Hirofumi Higuchi, Keiichi Makizumi, Toshihiro Nakashima, Kiyoshi Osatomi, Sachio Tokiyoshi, Shuzo Matsushita, Naoki Yamamoto, and Mitsuo Honda. Sequential Immunization with V3 Peptides from Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Produces Cross-Neutralizing Antibodies against Primary Isolates with a Matching Narrow-Neutralization Sequence Motif. J. Virol., 80(11):5552-5562, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16699036. Show all entries for this paper.

Fenyo2009 Eva Maria Fenyö, Alan Heath, Stefania Dispinseri, Harvey Holmes, Paolo Lusso, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Helen Donners, Leo Heyndrickx, Jose Alcami, Vera Bongertz, Christian Jassoy, Mauro Malnati, David Montefiori, Christiane Moog, Lynn Morris, Saladin Osmanov, Victoria Polonis, Quentin Sattentau, Hanneke Schuitemaker, Ruengpung Sutthent, Terri Wrin, and Gabriella Scarlatti. International Network for Comparison of HIV Neutralization Assays: The NeutNet Report. PLoS One, 4(2):e4505, 2009. PubMed ID: 19229336. Show all entries for this paper.

Ferrantelli2002 Flavia Ferrantelli and Ruth M. Ruprecht. Neutralizing Antibodies Against HIV --- Back in the Major Leagues? Curr. Opin. Immunol., 14(4):495-502, Aug 2002. PubMed ID: 12088685. Show all entries for this paper.

Fontenot1995 J. D. Fontenot, T. C. VanCott, B. S. Parekh, C. P. Pau, J. R. George, D. L. Birx, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and J. M. Gatewood. Presentation of HIV V3 Loop Epitopes for Enhanced Antigenicity, Immunogenicity and Diagnostic Potential. AIDS, 9:1121-1129, 1995. PubMed ID: 8519447. Show all entries for this paper.

Forsell2008 Mattias N. E. Forsell, Barna Dey, Andreas Mörner, Krisha Svehla, Sijy O'dell, Carl-Magnus Högerkorp, Gerald Voss, Rigmor Thorstensson, George M. Shaw, John R. Mascola, Gunilla B. Karlsson Hedestam, and Richard T. Wyatt. B Cell Recognition of the Conserved HIV-1 Co-Receptor Binding Site Is Altered by Endogenous Primate CD4. PLoS Pathog., 4(10):e1000171, 2008. PubMed ID: 18833294. Show all entries for this paper.

Forsman2008 Anna Forsman, Els Beirnaert, Marlén M. I. Aasa-Chapman, Bart Hoorelbeke, Karolin Hijazi, Willie Koh, Vanessa Tack, Agnieszka Szynol, Charles Kelly, Áine McKnight, Theo Verrips, Hans de Haard, and Robin A Weiss. Llama Antibody Fragments with Cross-Subtype Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1)-Neutralizing Properties and High Affinity for HIV-1 gp120. J. Virol., 82(24):12069-12081, Dec 2008. PubMed ID: 18842738. Show all entries for this paper.

Forthal1995 D. N. Forthal, G. Landucci, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and W. E. Robinson, Jr. Functional Activities of 20 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1)-Specific Human Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 11:1095-1099, 1995. A series of tests were performed on 20 human monoclonal antibodies to assess their potential therapeutic utility. Antibodies were tested for potentially harmful complement-mediated antibody enhancing activity (C-ADE), and for potentially beneficial neutralizing activity and antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity ADCC. PubMed ID: 8554906. Show all entries for this paper.

Forthal2009 Donald N. Forthal and Christiane Moog. Fc Receptor-Mediated Antiviral Antibodies. Curr. Opin. HIV AIDS, 4(5):388-393, Sep 2009. PubMed ID: 20048702. Show all entries for this paper.

Fouts1997 T. R. Fouts, J. M. Binley, A. Trkola, J. E. Robinson, and J. P. Moore. Neutralization of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolate JR-FL by Human Monoclonal Antibodies Correlates with Antibody Binding to the Oligomeric Form of the Envelope Glycoprotein Complex. J. Virol., 71:2779-2785, 1997. To test whether antibody neutralization of HIV-1 primary isolates is correlated with the affinities for the oligomeric envelope glycoproteins, JRFL was used as a model primary virus and a panel of 13 human MAbs were evaluated for: half-maximal binding to rec monomeric JRFL gp120; half-maximal binding to oligomeric - JRFL Env expressed on the surface of transfected 293 cells; and neutralization of JRFL in a PBMC-based neutralization assay. Antibody affinity for oligomeric JRFL Env but not monomeric JRFL gp120 correlated with JRFL neutralization. PubMed ID: 9060632. Show all entries for this paper.

Gao2005a Feng Gao, Eric A. Weaver, Zhongjing Lu, Yingying Li, Hua-Xin Liao, Benjiang Ma, S Munir Alam, Richard M. Scearce, Laura L. Sutherland, Jae-Sung Yu, Julie M. Decker, George M. Shaw, David C. Montefiori, Bette T. Korber, Beatrice H. Hahn, and Barton F. Haynes. Antigenicity and Immunogenicity of a Synthetic Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Group M Consensus Envelope Glycoprotein. J. Virol., 79(2):1154-1163, Jan 2005. PubMed ID: 15613343. Show all entries for this paper.

Gazarian2013 Karlen G. Gazarian, Yadira Palacios-Rodríguez, Tatiana G. Gazarian, and Leonor Huerta. HIV-1 V3 Loop Crown Epitope-Focused Mimotope Selection by Patient Serum from Random Phage Display Libraries: Implications for the Epitope Structural Features. Mol. Immunol., 54(2):148-156, Jun 2013. PubMed ID: 23270686. Show all entries for this paper.

Gonzalez2010 Nuria Gonzalez, Amparo Alvarez, and Jose Alcami. Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies and their Significance for HIV-1 Vaccines. Curr. HIV Res., 8(8):602-612, Dec 2010. PubMed ID: 21054253. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1992 M. K. Gorny, A. J. Conley, S. Karwowska, A. Buchbinder, J.-Y. Xu, E. A. Emini, S. Koenig, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Neutralization of Diverse Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Variants by an Anti-V3 Human Monoclonal Antibody. J. Virol., 66:7538-7542, 1992. PubMed ID: 1433529. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1993 M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, S. Karwowska, A. Buchbinder, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Repertoire of Neutralizing Human Monoclonal Antibodies Specific for The V3 Domain of HIV-1 gp120. J. Immunol., 150:635-643, 1993. Characterizaton of 12 human MAbs that bind and neutralize the MN isolate with 50\% neutralization. Two of these antibodies also bound and neutralized IIIB: 447-52-D and 694/98-D; all others could not bind HXB2 peptides. All but two, 418-D and 412-D could bind to SF2 peptides. PubMed ID: 7678279. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1994 M. K. Gorny, J. P. Moore, A. J. Conley, S. Karwowska, J. Sodroski, C. Williams, S. Burda, L. J. Boots, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Human Anti-V2 Monoclonal Antibody That Neutralizes Primary but Not Laboratory Isolates of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. J. Virol., 68:8312-8320, 1994. Detailed characterization of the MAb 697-D. PubMed ID: 7525987. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1997 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Thomas C. VanCott, Catarina Hioe, Zimra R. Israel, Nelson L. Michael, Anthony J. Conley, Constance Williams, Joseph A. Kessler II, Padmasree Chigurupati, Sherri Burda, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies to the V3 Loop of HIV-1 With Intra- and Interclade Cross-Reactivity. J. Immunol., 159:5114-5122, 1997. PubMed ID: 9366441. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1998 M. K. Gorny, J. R. Mascola, Z. R. Israel, T. C. VanCott, C. Williams, P. Balfe, C. Hioe, S. Brodine, S. Burda, and S. Zolla-Pazner. A Human Monoclonal Antibody Specific for the V3 Loop of HIV Type 1 Clade E Cross-Reacts with Other HIV Type 1 Clades. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 14:213-221, 1998. PubMed ID: 9491911. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2000b M. K. Gorny, T. C. VanCott, C. Williams, K. Revesz, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Effects of oligomerization on the epitopes of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoproteins. Virology, 267:220-8, 2000. PubMed ID: 10662617. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2002 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Sandra Cohen, Victoria R. Polonis, William J. Honnen, Samuel C. Kayman, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies Specific for Conformation-Sensitive Epitopes of V3 Neutralize Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolates from Various Clades. J. Virol., 76(18):9035-9045, Sep 2002. PubMed ID: 12186887. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2004 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Kathy Revesz, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Mark K. Louder, Christopher A. Anyangwe, Chavdar Krachmarov, Samuel C. Kayman, Abraham Pinter, Arthur Nadas, Phillipe N. Nyambi, John R. Mascola, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. The V3 Loop is Accessible on the Surface of Most Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolates and Serves as a Neutralization Epitope. J. Virol., 78(5):2394-2404, Mar 2004. PubMed ID: 14963135. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2005 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Leonidas Stamatatos, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Constance Williams, Xiao-Hong Wang, Sandra Cohen, Robert Staudinger, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Identification of a New Quaternary Neutralizing Epitope on Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virus Particles. J. Virol., 79(8):5232-5237, Apr 2005. PubMed ID: 15795308. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2006 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Xiao-Hong Wang, Sherri Burda, Tetsuya Kimura, Frank A. J. Konings, Arthur Nádas, Christopher A. Anyangwe, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Cross-Clade Neutralizing Activity of Human Anti-V3 Monoclonal Antibodies Derived from the Cells of Individuals Infected with Non-B Clades of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. J. Virol., 80(14):6865-6872, Jul 2006. PubMed ID: 16809292. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2009 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Bradley Witover, Sherri Burda, Mateusz Urbanski, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Arthur Nadas. Preferential Use of the VH5-51 Gene Segment by the Human Immune Response to Code for Antibodies against the V3 Domain of HIV-1. Mol. Immunol., 46(5):917-926, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 18952295. Show all entries for this paper.

Grovit-Ferbas2000 K. Grovit-Ferbas, J. F. Hsu, J. Ferbas, V. Gudeman, and I. S. Chen. Enhanced binding of antibodies to neutralization epitopes following thermal and chemical inactivation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J. Virol., 74(13):5802-9, Jul 2000. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/74/13/5802. PubMed ID: 10846059. Show all entries for this paper.

Grundner2005 Christoph Grundner, Yuxing Li, Mark Louder, John Mascola, Xinzhen Yang, Joseph Sodroski, and Richard Wyatt. Analysis of the Neutralizing Antibody Response Elicited in Rabbits by Repeated Inoculation with Trimeric HIV-1 Envelope Glycoproteins. Virology, 331(1):33-46, 5 Jan 2005. PubMed ID: 15582651. Show all entries for this paper.

Guzzo2018 Christina Guzzo, Peng Zhang, Qingbo Liu, Alice L. Kwon, Ferzan Uddin, Alexandra I. Wells, Hana Schmeisser, Raffaello Cimbro, Jinghe Huang, Nicole Doria-Rose, Stephen D. Schmidt, Michael A. Dolan, Mark Connors, John R. Mascola, and Paolo Lusso. Structural Constraints at the Trimer Apex Stabilize the HIV-1 Envelope in a Closed, Antibody-Protected Conformation. mBio, 9(6), 11 Dec 2018. PubMed ID: 30538178. Show all entries for this paper.

Haldar2011 Bijayesh Haldar, Sherri Burda, Constance Williams, Leo Heyndrickx, Guido Vanham, Miroslaw K. Gorny, and Phillipe Nyambi. Longitudinal Study of Primary HIV-1 Isolates in Drug-Naïve Individuals Reveals the Emergence of Variants Sensitive to Anti-HIV-1 Monoclonal Antibodies. PLoS One, 6(2):e17253, 2011. PubMed ID: 21383841. Show all entries for this paper.

Haynes2005 Barton F. Haynes, Judith Fleming, E. William St. Clair, Herman Katinger, Gabriela Stiegler, Renate Kunert, James Robinson, Richard M. Scearce, Kelly Plonk, Herman F. Staats, Thomas L. Ortel, Hua-Xin Liao, and S. Munir Alam. Cardiolipin Polyspecific Autoreactivity in Two Broadly Neutralizing HIV-1 Antibodies. Science, 308(5730):1906-1908, 24 Jun 2005. Comment in Science 2005 Jun 24;308(5730):1878-9. PubMed ID: 15860590. Show all entries for this paper.

Haynes2006 Barton F. Haynes, Benjiang Ma, David C. Montefiori, Terri Wrin, Christos J. Petropoulos, Laura L. Sutherland, Richard M. Scearce, Cathrine. Denton, Shi-Mao Xia, Bette T. Korber, and Hua-Xin Liao. Analysis of HIV-1 Subtype B Third Variable Region Peptide Motifs for Induction of Neutralizing Antibodies against HIV-1 Primary Isolates. Virology, 345(1):44-55, 5 Feb 2006. PubMed ID: 16242749. Show all entries for this paper.

Haynes2006a Barton F. Haynes and David C. Montefiori. Aiming to Induce Broadly Reactive Neutralizing Antibody Responses with HIV-1 Vaccine Candidates. Expert Rev. Vaccines, 5(4):579-595, Aug 2006. PubMed ID: 16989638. Show all entries for this paper.

He2002 Yuxian He, William J. Honnen, Chavdar P. Krachmarov, Michael Burkhart, Samuel C. Kayman, Jose Corvalan, and Abraham Pinter. Efficient Isolation of Novel Human Monoclonal Antibodies with Neutralizing Activity Against HIV-1 from Transgenic Mice Expressing Human Ig Loci. J. Immunol., 169(1):595-605, 1 Jul 2002. PubMed ID: 12077293. Show all entries for this paper.

Hill1997 C. M. Hill, H. Deng, D. Unutmaz, V. N. Kewalramani, L. Bastiani, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and D. R. Littman. Envelope glycoproteins from human immunodeficiency virus types 1 and 2 and simian immunodeficiency virus can use human CCR5 as a coreceptor for viral entry and make direct CD4-dependent interactions with this chemokine receptor. J. Virol., 71:6296-6304, 1997. PubMed ID: 9261346. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe1997 C. Hioe, S. Burda, P. Chigurupati, S. Xu, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Resting Cell Neutralization Assay for HIV-1 Primary Isolates. Methods: A companion to Methods in Enzymology, 12:300-305, 1997. A technique is described for detecting the activity of neutralizing polyclonal or MAbs against HIV-1 primary isolates, using unstimulated PBMC as the target cell. PubMed ID: 9245610. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe1997b C. E. Hioe, S. Xu, P. Chigurupati, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Neutralization of HIV-1 Primary Isolates by Polyclonal and Monoclonal Human Antibodies. Int. Immunol., 9(9):1281-1290, Sep 1997. PubMed ID: 9310831. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe1999 C. E. Hioe, J. E. Hildreth, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Enhanced HIV Type 1 Neutralization by Human Anti-Glycoprotein 120 Monoclonal Antibodies in the Presence of Monoclonal Antibodies to Lymphocyte Function-Associated Molecule 1. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 15:523-531, 1999. PubMed ID: 10221529. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe2000 C. E. Hioe, G. J. Jones, A. D. Rees, S. Ratto-Kim, D. Birx, C. Munz, M. K. Gorny, M. Tuen, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Anti-CD4-Binding Domain Antibodies Complexed with HIV Type 1 Glycoprotein 120 Inhibit CD4+ T Cell-Proliferative Responses to Glycoprotein 120. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 16:893-905, 2000. PubMed ID: 10875615. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe2009 Catarina E. Hioe, Maria Luisa Visciano, Rajnish Kumar, Jianping Liu, Ethan A. Mack, Rachel E. Simon, David N. Levy, and Michael Tuen. The Use of Immune Complex Vaccines to Enhance Antibody Responses against Neutralizing Epitopes on HIV-1 Envelope gp120. Vaccine, 28(2):352-360, 11 Dec 2009. PubMed ID: 19879224. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe2010 Catarina E. Hioe, Terri Wrin, Michael S. Seaman, Xuesong Yu, Blake Wood, Steve Self, Constance Williams, Miroslaw K. Gorny, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Anti-V3 Monoclonal Antibodies Display Broad Neutralizing Activities against Multiple HIV-1 Subtypes. PLoS One, 5(4):e10254, 2010. PubMed ID: 20421997. Show all entries for this paper.

Hogan2018 Michael J. Hogan, Angela Conde-Motter, Andrea P. O. Jordan, Lifei Yang, Brad Cleveland, Wenjin Guo, Josephine Romano, Houping Ni, Norbert Pardi, Celia C. LaBranche, David C. Montefiori, Shiu-Lok Hu, James A. Hoxie, and Drew Weissman. Increased Surface Expression of HIV-1 Envelope Is Associated with Improved Antibody Response in Vaccinia Prime/Protein Boost Immunization. Virology, 514:106-117, 15 Jan 2018. PubMed ID: 29175625. Show all entries for this paper.

Holl2006 Vincent Holl, Maryse Peressin, Thomas Decoville, Sylvie Schmidt, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Anne-Marie Aubertin, and Christiane Moog. Nonneutralizing Antibodies Are Able To Inhibit Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication in Macrophages and Immature Dendritic Cells. J. Virol., 80(12):6177-6181, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16731957. Show all entries for this paper.

Holl2006a Vincent Holl, Maryse Peressin, Sylvie Schmidt, Thomas Decoville, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Anne-Marie Aubertin, and Christiane Moog. Efficient Inhibition of HIV-1 Replication in Human Immature Monocyte-Derived Dendritic Cells by Purified Anti-HIV-1 IgG without Induction of Maturation. Blood, 107(11):4466-4474, 1 Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16469871. Show all entries for this paper.

Hoxie2010 James A. Hoxie. Toward an Antibody-Based HIV-1 Vaccine. Annu. Rev. Med., 61:135-52, 2010. PubMed ID: 19824826. Show all entries for this paper.

Hu2007 Qinxue Hu, Naheed Mahmood, and Robin J. Shattock. High-Mannose-Specific Deglycosylation of HIV-1 gp120 Induced by Resistance to Cyanovirin-N and the Impact on Antibody Neutralization. Virology, 368(1):145-154, 10 Nov 2007. PubMed ID: 17658575. Show all entries for this paper.

Huang2005 Chih-chin Huang, Min Tang, Mei-Yun Zhang, Shahzad Majeed, Elizabeth Montabana, Robyn L. Stanfield, Dimiter S. Dimitrov, Bette Korber, Joseph Sodroski, Ian A. Wilson, Richard Wyatt, and Peter D. Kwong. Structure of a V3-Containing HIV-1 gp120 Core. Science, 310(5750):1025-1028, 11 Nov 2005. PubMed ID: 16284180. Show all entries for this paper.

Huang2010 Kuan-Hsiang G. Huang, David Bonsall, Aris Katzourakis, Emma C. Thomson, Sarah J. Fidler, Janice Main, David Muir, Jonathan N. Weber, Alexander J. Frater, Rodney E. Phillips, Oliver G. Pybus, Philip J. R. Goulder, Myra O. McClure, Graham S. Cooke, and Paul Klenerman. B-Cell Depletion Reveals a Role for Antibodies in the Control of Chronic HIV-1 Infection. Nat. Commun., 1:102, 2010. PubMed ID: 20981030. Show all entries for this paper.

Huber2007 M. Huber and A. Trkola. Humoral Immunity to HIV-1: Neutralization and Beyond. J. Intern. Med., 262(1):5-25, Jul 2007. PubMed ID: 17598812. Show all entries for this paper.

Inouye1998 P. Inouye, E. Cherry, M. Hsu, S. Zolla-Pazner, and M. A. Wainberg. Neutralizing Antibodies Directed against the V3 Loop Select for Different Escape Variants in a Virus with Mutated Reverse Transcriptase (M184V) Than in Wild-Type Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 14:735-740, 1998. The M184V substitution in RT yields high level resistance to 3TC and low level resistance to ddI and ddC, and alters the properties of RT. Virus containing the wt form of RT grown in the presence of the MAb 447-D develops 447-D resistance in 36 days, with the GPGR to GPGK substitutions (AGA(R) to AAA(K)). 447-D resistance took longer to acquire in virus with the M184V substituted RT, and had the form CTRPN to CTRPY (AAC(N) to TAC(Y)) at position 5 of the V3 loop. PubMed ID: 9643373. Show all entries for this paper.

Jagodzinski1996 P. P. Jagodzinski, J. Wustner, D. Kmieciak, T. J. Wasik, A. Fertala, A. L. Sieron, M. Takahashi, T. Tsuji, T. Mimura, M. S. Fung, M. K. Gorny, M. Kloczewiak, Y. Kaneko, and D. Kozbor. Role of the V2, V3, and CD4-Binding Domains of GP120 in Curdlan Sulfate Neutralization Sensitivity of HIV-1 during Infection of T Lymphocytes. Virology, 226:217-227, 1996. PubMed ID: 8955041. Show all entries for this paper.

Jiang2010 Xunqing Jiang, Valicia Burke, Maxim Totrov, Constance Williams, Timothy Cardozo, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Xiang-Peng Kong. Conserved Structural Elements in the V3 Crown of HIV-1 gp120. Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol., 17(8):955-961, Aug 2010. PubMed ID: 20622876. Show all entries for this paper.

Johnson2017 Jacklyn Johnson, Yinjie Zhai, Hamid Salimi, Nicole Espy, Noah Eichelberger, Orlando DeLeon, Yunxia O'Malley, Joel Courter, Amos B. Smith, III, Navid Madani, Joseph Sodroski, and Hillel Haim. Induction of a Tier-1-Like Phenotype in Diverse Tier-2 Isolates by Agents That Guide HIV-1 Env to Perturbation-Sensitive, Nonnative States. J. Virol., 91(15), 1 Aug 2017. PubMed ID: 28490588. Show all entries for this paper.

Kang2005 Sang-Moo Kang, Fu Shi Quan, Chunzi Huang, Lizheng Guo, Ling Ye, Chinglai Yang, and Richard W. Compans. Modified HIV Envelope Proteins with Enhanced Binding to Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibodies. Virology, 331(1):20-32, 5 Jan 2005. PubMed ID: 15582650. Show all entries for this paper.

Karwowska1992a S. Karwowska, M. K. Gorny, A. Buchbinder, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Type-specific human monoclonal antibodies cross-react with the V3-loop of various HIV-1 isolates. Vaccines 92, :171-174, 1992. Editors: F. Brown, H. S. Ginsberg and R. Lerner, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY. Show all entries for this paper.

Keele2008 Brandon F. Keele, Elena E. Giorgi, Jesus F. Salazar-Gonzalez, Julie M. Decker, Kimmy T. Pham, Maria G. Salazar, Chuanxi Sun, Truman Grayson, Shuyi Wang, Hui Li, Xiping Wei, Chunlai Jiang, Jennifer L. Kirchherr, Feng Gao, Jeffery A. Anderson, Li-Hua Ping, Ronald Swanstrom, Georgia D. Tomaras, William A. Blattner, Paul A. Goepfert, J. Michael Kilby, Michael S. Saag, Eric L. Delwart, Michael P. Busch, Myron S. Cohen, David C. Montefiori, Barton F. Haynes, Brian Gaschen, Gayathri S. Athreya, Ha Y. Lee, Natasha Wood, Cathal Seoighe, Alan S. Perelson, Tanmoy Bhattacharya, Bette T. Korber, Beatrice H. Hahn, and George M. Shaw. Identification and Characterization of Transmitted and Early Founder Virus Envelopes in Primary HIV-1 Infection. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 105(21):7552-7557, 27 May 2008. PubMed ID: 18490657. Show all entries for this paper.

Keller1993 P. M. Keller, B. A. Arnold, A. R. Shaw, R. L. Tolman, F. Van Middlesworth, S. Bondy, V. K. Rusiecki, S. Koenig, S. Zolla-Pazner, P. Conard, E. A. Emini, and A. J. Conley. Identification of HIV Vaccine Candidate Peptides by Screening Random Phage Epitope Libraries. Virology, 193:709-716, 1993. A library of 15 mers was screened for reactivity with 447-52D. 100s of 15 mers reacted, of which 70 were sequenced. All but one contained the motif GPXR. PubMed ID: 7681612. Show all entries for this paper.

Kessler2003 Naama Kessler, Anat Zvi, Min Ji, Michal Sharon, Osnat Rosen, Rina Levy, Miroslaw Gorny, Suzan Zolla-Pazner, and Jacob Anglister. Expression, Purification, and Isotope Labeling of the Fv of the Human HIV-1 Neutralizing Antibody 447-52D for NMR Studies. Protein. Expr. Purif., 29(2):291-303, Jun 2003. PubMed ID: 12767822. Show all entries for this paper.

Kimura2009 Tetsuya Kimura, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Miroslaw K. Gorny. Human Monoclonal Antibody 2909 Binds to Pseudovirions Expressing Trimers but not Monomeric HIV-1 Envelope Proteins. Hum. Antibodies, 18(1-2):35-40, 2009. PubMed ID: 19478397. Show all entries for this paper.

Klein2013 Florian Klein, Ron Diskin, Johannes F. Scheid, Christian Gaebler, Hugo Mouquet, Ivelin S. Georgiev, Marie Pancera, Tongqing Zhou, Reha-Baris Incesu, Brooks Zhongzheng Fu, Priyanthi N. P. Gnanapragasam, Thiago Y. Oliveira, Michael S. Seaman, Peter D. Kwong, Pamela J. Bjorkman, and Michel C. Nussenzweig. Somatic Mutations of the Immunoglobulin Framework Are Generally Required for Broad and Potent HIV-1 Neutralization. Cell, 153(1):126-138, 28 Mar 2013. PubMed ID: 23540694. Show all entries for this paper.

Korber2009 Bette Korber and S. Gnanakaran. The Implications of Patterns in HIV Diversity for Neutralizing Antibody Induction and Susceptibility. Curr. Opin. HIV AIDS, 4(5):408-417, Sep 2009. PubMed ID: 20048705. Show all entries for this paper.

Krachmarov2005 Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, William J. Honnen, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Phillipe N. Nyambi, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Samuel C. Kayman. Antibodies That Are Cross-Reactive for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Clade A and Clade B V3 Domains Are Common in Patient Sera from Cameroon, but Their Neutralization Activity Is Usually Restricted by Epitope Masking. J. Virol., 79(2):780-790, Jan 2005. PubMed ID: 15613306. Show all entries for this paper.

Krachmarov2006 C. P. Krachmarov, W. J. Honnen, S. C. Kayman, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and Abraham Pinter. Factors Determining the Breadth and Potency of Neutralization by V3-Specific Human Monoclonal Antibodies Derived from Subjects Infected with Clade A or Clade B Strains of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. J. Virol., 80(14):7127-7135, Jul 2006. PubMed ID: 16809318. Show all entries for this paper.

Kraft2007 Zane Kraft, Nina R. Derby, Ruth A. McCaffrey, Rachel Niec, Wendy M. Blay, Nancy L. Haigwood, Eirini Moysi, Cheryl J. Saunders, Terri Wrin, Christos J. Petropoulos, M. Juliana McElrath, and Leonidas Stamatatos. Macaques Infected with a CCR5-Tropic Simian/Human Immunodeficiency Virus (SHIV) Develop Broadly Reactive Anti-HIV Neutralizing Antibodies. J. Virol., 81(12):6402-6411, Jun 2007. PubMed ID: 17392364. Show all entries for this paper.

Kramer2007 Victor G. Kramer, Nagadenahalli B. Siddappa, and Ruth M. Ruprecht. Passive Immunization as Tool to Identify Protective HIV-1 Env Epitopes. Curr. HIV Res., 5(6):642-55, Nov 2007. PubMed ID: 18045119. Show all entries for this paper.

Kwong2009a Peter D. Kwong and Ian A. Wilson. HIV-1 and Influenza Antibodies: Seeing Antigens in New Ways. Nat. Immunol., 10(6):573-578, Jun 2009. PubMed ID: 19448659. Show all entries for this paper.

Laal1994 Suman Laal, Sherri Burda, Miroslav K. Gorny, Sylwia Karwowska, Aby Buchbinder, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Synergistic Neutralization of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 by Combinations of Human Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 68(6):4001-4008, Jun 1994. PubMed ID: 7514683. Show all entries for this paper.

Law2007 Mansun Law, Rosa M. F. Cardoso, Ian A. Wilson, and Dennis R. Burton. Antigenic and Immunogenic Study of Membrane-Proximal External Region-Grafted gp120 Antigens by a DNA Prime-Protein Boost Immunization Strategy. J. Virol., 81(8):4272-4285, Apr 2007. PubMed ID: 17267498. Show all entries for this paper.

Lewis1995 C. M. Lewis, G. F. Hollis, G. E. Mark, 3rd, J. S. Tung, and S. W. Ludmerer. Use of a Novel Mutagenesis Strategy, Optimized Residue Substitution, to Decrease the Off-Rate of an Anti-gp120 Antibody. Mol. Immunol., 32(14-15):1065-1072, Oct 1995. PubMed ID: 8544856. Show all entries for this paper.

Li2005a Ming Li, Feng Gao, John R. Mascola, Leonidas Stamatatos, Victoria R. Polonis, Marguerite Koutsoukos, Gerald Voss, Paul Goepfert, Peter Gilbert, Kelli M. Greene, Miroslawa Bilska, Denise L Kothe, Jesus F. Salazar-Gonzalez, Xiping Wei, Julie M. Decker, Beatrice H. Hahn, and David C. Montefiori. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 env Clones from Acute and Early Subtype B Infections for Standardized Assessments of Vaccine-Elicited Neutralizing Antibodies. J. Virol., 79(16):10108-10125, Aug 2005. PubMed ID: 16051804. Show all entries for this paper.

Li2007a Yuxing Li, Stephen A. Migueles, Brent Welcher, Krisha Svehla, Adhuna Phogat, Mark K. Louder, Xueling Wu, George M. Shaw, Mark Connors, Richard T. Wyatt, and John R. Mascola. Broad HIV-1 Neutralization Mediated by CD4-Binding Site Antibodies. Nat. Med., 13(9):1032-1034, Sep 2007. PubMed ID: 17721546. Show all entries for this paper.

Li2009c Yuxing Li, Krisha Svehla, Mark K. Louder, Diane Wycuff, Sanjay Phogat, Min Tang, Stephen A. Migueles, Xueling Wu, Adhuna Phogat, George M. Shaw, Mark Connors, James Hoxie, John R. Mascola, and Richard Wyatt. Analysis of Neutralization Specificities in Polyclonal Sera Derived from Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1-Infected Individuals. J Virol, 83(2):1045-1059, Jan 2009. PubMed ID: 19004942. Show all entries for this paper.

Lin2007 George Lin and Peter L. Nara. Designing Immunogens to Elicit Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies to the HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein. Curr. HIV Res., 5(6):514-541, Nov 2007. PubMed ID: 18045109. Show all entries for this paper.

Ling2004 Hong Ling, Peng Xiao, Osamu Usami, and Toshio Hattori. Thrombin Activates Envelope Glycoproteins of HIV Type 1 and Enhances Fusion. Microbes Infect., 6(5):414-420, Apr 2004. PubMed ID: 15109955. Show all entries for this paper.

Louder2005 Mark K. Louder, Anna Sambor, Elena Chertova, Tai Hunte, Sarah Barrett, Fallon Ojong, Eric Sanders-Buell, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Francine E. McCutchan, James D. Roser, Dana Gabuzda, Jeffrey D. Lifson, and John R. Mascola. HIV-1 Envelope Pseudotyped Viral Vectors and Infectious Molecular Clones Expressing the Same Envelope Glycoprotein Have a Similar Neutralization Phenotype, but Culture in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells Is Associated with Decreased Neutralization Sensitivity. Virology, 339(2):226-238, 1 Sep 2005. PubMed ID: 16005039. Show all entries for this paper.

Lusso2005 Paolo Lusso, Patricia L. Earl, Francesca Sironi, Fabio Santoro, Chiara Ripamonti, Gabriella Scarlatti, Renato Longhi, Edward A. Berger, and Samuele E. Burastero. Cryptic Nature of a Conserved, CD4-Inducible V3 Loop Neutralization Epitope in the Native Envelope Glycoprotein Oligomer of CCR5-Restricted, but not CXCR4-Using, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Strains. J. Virol., 79(11):6957-6968, Jun 2005. PubMed ID: 15890935. Show all entries for this paper.

Ly2000 A. Ly and L. Stamatatos. V2 Loop Glycosylation of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 SF162 Envelope Facilitates Interaction of this Protein with CD4 and CCR5 Receptors and Protects the Virus from Neutralization by Anti-V3 Loop and Anti-CD4 Binding Site Antibodies. J. Virol., 74:6769-6776, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888615. Show all entries for this paper.

Martin2008 Grégoire Martin, Yide Sun, Bernadette Heyd, Olivier Combes, Jeffrey B Ulmer, Anne Descours, Susan W Barnett, Indresh K Srivastava, and Loïc Martin. A Simple One-Step Method for the Preparation of HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Immunogens Based on a CD4 Mimic Peptide. Virology, 381(2):241-250, 25 Nov 2008. PubMed ID: 18835005. Show all entries for this paper.

Martin2011 Grégoire Martin, Brian Burke, Robert Thaï, Antu K. Dey, Olivier Combes, Bernadette Heyd, Anthony R. Geonnotti, David C. Montefiori, Elaine Kan, Ying Lian, Yide Sun, Toufik Abache, Jeffrey B. Ulmer, Hocine Madaoui, Raphaël Guérois, Susan W. Barnett, Indresh K. Srivastava, Pascal Kessler, and Loïc Martin. Stabilization of HIV-1 Envelope in the CD4-Bound Conformation through Specific Cross-Linking of a CD4 Mimetic. J. Biol. Chem., 286(24):21706-21716, 17 Jun 2011. PubMed ID: 21487012. Show all entries for this paper.

Martin-Garcia2005 Julio Martín-García, Simon Cocklin, Irwin M. Chaiken, and Francisco González-Scarano. Interaction with CD4 and Antibodies to CD4-Induced Epitopes of the Envelope gp120 from a Microglial Cell-Adapted Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate. J. Virol., 79(11):6703-6713, Jun 2005. PubMed ID: 15890908. Show all entries for this paper.

McCaffrey2004 Ruth A McCaffrey, Cheryl Saunders, Mike Hensel, and Leonidas Stamatatos. N-Linked Glycosylation of the V3 Loop and the Immunologically Silent Face of gp120 Protects Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 SF162 from Neutralization by Anti-gp120 and Anti-gp41 Antibodies. J. Virol., 78(7):3279-3295, Apr 2004. PubMed ID: 15016849. Show all entries for this paper.

McCann2005 C. M. Mc Cann, R. J. Song, and R. M. Ruprecht. Antibodies: Can They Protect Against HIV Infection? Curr. Drug Targets Infect. Disord., 5(2):95-111, Jun 2005. PubMed ID: 15975016. Show all entries for this paper.

McGuire2014 Andrew T. McGuire, Jolene A. Glenn, Adriana Lippy, and Leonidas Stamatatos. Diverse Recombinant HIV-1 Envs Fail to Activate B Cells Expressing the Germline B Cell Receptors of the Broadly Neutralizing Anti-HIV-1 Antibodies PG9 and 447-52D. J. Virol., 88(5):2645-2657, Mar 2014. PubMed ID: 24352455. Show all entries for this paper.

McKnight2007 Aine McKnight and Marlen M. I. Aasa-Chapman. Clade Specific Neutralising Vaccines for HIV: An Appropriate Target? Curr. HIV Res., 5(6):554-560, Nov 2007. PubMed ID: 18045111. Show all entries for this paper.

Mester2009 Brenda Mester, Revital Manor, Amit Mor, Boris Arshava, Osnat Rosen, Fa-Xiang Ding, Fred Naider, and Jacob Anglister. HIV-1 Peptide Vaccine Candidates: Selecting Constrained V3 Peptides with Highest Affinity to Antibody 447-52D. Biochemistry, 48(33):7867-7877, 25 Aug 2009. PubMed ID: 19552398. Show all entries for this paper.

Mondor1998 I. Mondor, S. Ugolini, and Q. J. Sattentau. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Attachment to HeLa CD4 Cells Is CD4 Independent and Gp120 Dependent and Requires Cell Surface Heparans. J. Virol., 72:3623-3634, 1998. PubMed ID: 9557643. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1994d J. P. Moore, Y. Cao, D. D. Ho, and R. A. Koup. Development of the anti-gp120 antibody response during seroconversion to human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J. Virol., 68:5142-5155, 1994. Three seroconverting individuals were studied. The earliest detectable anti-gp120 antibodies were both conformational and anti-V3 loop, and could be detected only after the peak viremia has passed. No uniform pattern of autologous neutralizing anti-CD4BS or anti-V3 MAbs was observed. PubMed ID: 8035514. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1995b J. P. Moore, Y. Cao, L. Qing, Q. J. Sattentau, J. Pyati, R. Koduri, J. Robinson, C. F. Barbas III, D. R. Burton, and D. D. Ho. Primary Isolates of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type I Are Relatively Resistant to Neutralization by Monoclonal Antibodies to gp120, and Their Neutralization Is Not Predicted by Studies with Monomeric gp120. J. Virol., 69:101-109, 1995. A panel of anti-gp120 MAbs and sera from HIV-1 infected individuals was tested for its ability to neutralize primary isolates. Most MAbs bound with high affinity to gp120 monomers from the various isolates, but were not effective at neutralizing. The MAb IgG1b12, which binds to a discontinuous anti-CD4 binding site epitope, was able to neutralize most of the primary isolates. PubMed ID: 7527081. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1995c J. P. Moore and D. D. Ho. HIV-1 Neutralization: The Consequences of Adaptation to Growth on Transformed T-Cells. AIDS, 9(suppl A):S117-S136, 1995. This review considers the relative importance of a neutralizing antibody response for the development of a vaccine, and for disease progression during the chronic phase of HIV-1 infection. It suggests that T-cell immunity may be more important. The distinction between MAbs that can neutralize primary isolates, and those that are effective at neutralizing only laboratory adapted strains is discussed in detail. Alternative conformations of envelope and non-contiguous interacting domains in gp120 are discussed. The suggestion that soluble monomeric gp120 may serve as a viral decoy that diverts the humoral immune response it in vivo is put forth. PubMed ID: 8819579. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore2006 Penny L. Moore, Emma T. Crooks, Lauren Porter, Ping Zhu, Charmagne S. Cayanan, Henry Grise, Paul Corcoran, Michael B. Zwick, Michael Franti, Lynn Morris, Kenneth H. Roux, Dennis R. Burton, and James M. Binley. Nature of Nonfunctional Envelope Proteins on the Surface of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. J. Virol., 80(5):2515-2528, Mar 2006. PubMed ID: 16474158. Show all entries for this paper.

Mor2009 Amit Mor, Eugenia Segal, Brenda Mester, Boris Arshava, Osnat Rosen, Fa-Xiang Ding, Joseph Russo, Amnon Dafni, Fabian Schvartzman, Tali Scherf, Fred Naider, and Jacob Anglister. Mimicking the Structure of the V3 Epitope Bound to HIV-1 Neutralizing Antibodies. Biochemistry, 48(15):3288-3303, 21 Apr 2009. PubMed ID: 19281264. Show all entries for this paper.

Musich2011 Thomas Musich, Paul J. Peters, Maria José Duenas-Decamp, Maria Paz Gonzalez-Perez, James Robinson, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Jonathan K. Ball, Katherine Luzuriaga, and Paul R. Clapham. A Conserved Determinant in the V1 Loop of HIV-1 Modulates the V3 Loop to Prime Low CD4 Use and Macrophage Infection. J. Virol., 85(5):2397-2405, Mar 2011. PubMed ID: 21159865. Show all entries for this paper.

Nelson2007 Josh D. Nelson, Florence M. Brunel, Richard Jensen, Emma T. Crooks, Rosa M. F. Cardoso, Meng Wang, Ann Hessell, Ian A. Wilson, James M. Binley, Philip E. Dawson, Dennis R. Burton, and Michael B. Zwick. An Affinity-Enhanced Neutralizing Antibody against the Membrane-Proximal External Region of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp41 Recognizes an Epitope between Those of 2F5 and 4E10. J. Virol., 81(8):4033-4043, Apr 2007. PubMed ID: 17287272. Show all entries for this paper.

Nishiyama2009 Yasuhiro Nishiyama, Stephanie Planque, Yukie Mitsuda, Giovanni Nitti, Hiroaki Taguchi, Lei Jin, Jindrich Symersky, Stephane Boivin, Marcin Sienczyk, Maria Salas, Carl V. Hanson, and Sudhir Paul. Toward Effective HIV Vaccination: Induction of Binary Epitope Reactive Antibodies with Broad HIV Neutralizing Activity. J. Biol. Chem., 284(44):30627-30642, 30 Oct 2009. PubMed ID: 19726674. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi1998 P. N. Nyambi, M. K. Gorny, L. Bastiani, G. van der Groen, C. Williams, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Mapping of Epitopes Exposed on Intact Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Virions: A New Strategy for Studying the Immunologic Relatedness of HIV-1. J. Virol., 72:9384-9391, 1998. 18 human MAbs binding to gp120 and gp41 were tested using a novel assay to test binding to intact HIV-1 virions. The new method involves using MAbs to the host proteins incorporated into virions to bind them to ELIZA plates. Antigenic conservation in epitopes of HIV-1 in clades A, B, D, F, G, and H was studied. MAbs were selected that were directed against V2, V3, CD4bd, C5 or gp41 regions. Antibodies against V2, the CD4BS, and sp41 showed weak and sporadic reactivities, while binding strongly to gp120, suggesting these epitopes are hidden when gp120 is in its native, quaternary structure. PubMed ID: 9765494. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi2000 P. N. Nyambi, H. A. Mbah, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, A. Nadas, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Conserved and Exposed Epitopes on Intact, Native, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virions of Group M. J. Virol., 74:7096-7107, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888650. Show all entries for this paper.

ORourke2010 Sara M. O'Rourke, Becky Schweighardt, Pham Phung, Dora P. A. J. Fonseca, Karianne Terry, Terri Wrin, Faruk Sinangil, and Phillip W. Berman. Mutation at a Single Position in the V2 Domain of the HIV-1 Envelope Protein Confers Neutralization Sensitivity to a Highly Neutralization-Resistant Virus. J. Virol., 84(21):11200-11209, Nov 2010. PubMed ID: 20702624. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2003b Ralph Pantophlet, Ian A. Wilson, and Dennis R. Burton. Hyperglycosylated Mutants of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Type 1 Monomeric gp120 as Novel Antigens for HIV Vaccine Design. J. Virol., 77(10):5889-8901, May 2003. PubMed ID: 12719582. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2004 R. Pantophlet, I. A. Wilson, and D. R. Burton. Improved Design of an Antigen with Enhanced Specificity for the Broadly HIV-Neutralizing Antibody b12. Protein Eng. Des. Sel., 17(10):749-758, Oct 2004. PubMed ID: 15542540. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2006 Ralph Pantophlet and Dennis R. Burton. GP120: Target for Neutralizing HIV-1 Antibodies. Annu. Rev. Immunol., 24:739-769, 2006. PubMed ID: 16551265. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2007 Ralph Pantophlet, Rowena O. Aguilar-Sino, Terri Wrin, Lisa A. Cavacini, and Dennis R. Burton. Analysis of the Neutralization Breadth of the Anti-V3 Antibody F425-B4e8 and Re-assessment of its Epitope Fine Specificity by Scanning Mutagenesis. Virology, 364(2):441-453, 1 Aug 2007. PubMed ID: 17418361. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2008 Ralph Pantophlet, Terri Wrin, Lisa A. Cavacini, James E. Robinson, and Dennis R. Burton. Neutralizing Activity of Antibodies to the V3 Loop Region of HIV-1 gp120 Relative to Their Epitope Fine Specificity. Virology, 381(2):251-260, 25 Nov 2008. PubMed ID: 18822440. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2010 Ralph Pantophlet. Antibody Epitope Exposure and Neutralization of HIV-1. Curr. Pharm. Des., 16(33):3729-3743, 2010. PubMed ID: 21128886. Show all entries for this paper.

Park2000 E. J. Park, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and G. V. Quinnan. A global neutralization resistance phenotype of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is determined by distinct mechanisms mediating enhanced infectivity and conformational change of the envelope complex. J. Virol., 74:4183-91, 2000. PubMed ID: 10756031. Show all entries for this paper.

Parren1997 P. W. Parren, M. C. Gauduin, R. A. Koup, P. Poignard, Q. J. Sattentau, P. Fisicaro, and D. R. Burton. Erratum to Relevance of the Antibody Response against Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope to Vaccine Design. Immunol. Lett., 58:125-132, 1997. corrected and republished article originally printed in Immunol. Lett. 1997 Jun;57(1-3):105-112. PubMed ID: 9271324. Show all entries for this paper.

Parren1998 P. W. Parren, I. Mondor, D. Naniche, H. J. Ditzel, P. J. Klasse, D. R. Burton, and Q. J. Sattentau. Neutralization of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 by antibody to gp120 is determined primarily by occupancy of sites on the virion irrespective of epitope specificity. J. Virol., 72:3512-9, 1998. The authors propose that the occupancy of binding sites on HIV-1 virions is the major factor in determining neutralization, irrespective of epitope specificity. Neutralization was assayed T-cell-line-adapted HIV-1 isolates. Binding of Fabs to monomeric rgp120 was not correlated with binding to functional oligomeric gp120 or neutralization, while binding to functional oligomeric gp120 was highly correlated with neutralization. The ratios of oligomer binding/neutralization were similar for antibodies to different neutralization epitopes, with a few exceptions. PubMed ID: 9557629. Show all entries for this paper.

Patel2008 Milloni B Patel, Noah G. Hoffman, and Ronald Swanstrom. Subtype-Specific Conformational Differences within the V3 Region of Subtype B and Subtype C Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Env Proteins. J. Virol., 82(2):903-916, Jan 2008. PubMed ID: 18003735. Show all entries for this paper.

Peressin2011 M. Peressin, V. Holl, S. Schmidt, T. Decoville, D. Mirisky, A. Lederle, M. Delaporte, K. Xu, A. M. Aubertin, and C. Moog. HIV-1 Replication in Langerhans and Interstitial Dendritic Cells Is Inhibited by Neutralizing and Fc-Mediated Inhibitory Antibodies. J. Virol., 85(2):1077-1085, Jan 2011. PubMed ID: 21084491. Show all entries for this paper.

Phogat2007 S. Phogat, R. T. Wyatt, and G. B. Karlsson Hedestam. Inhibition of HIV-1 Entry by Antibodies: Potential Viral and Cellular Targets. J. Intern. Med., 262(1):26-43, Jul 2007. PubMed ID: 17598813. Show all entries for this paper.

Pinter2004 Abraham Pinter, William J. Honnen, Yuxian He, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Samuel C. Kayman. The V1/V2 Domain of gp120 Is a Global Regulator of the Sensitivity of Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolates to Neutralization by Antibodies Commonly Induced upon Infection. J. Virol., 78(10):5205-5215, May 2004. PubMed ID: 15113902. Show all entries for this paper.

Pinter2005 Abraham Pinter, William J. Honnen, Paul D'Agostino, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Samuel C. Kayman. The C108g Epitope in the V2 Domain of gp120 Functions as a Potent Neutralization Target When Introduced into Envelope Proteins Derived from Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolates. J. Virol., 79(11):6909-6917, Jun 2005. PubMed ID: 15890930. Show all entries for this paper.

Poignard2003 Pascal Poignard, Maxime Moulard, Edwin Golez, Veronique Vivona, Michael Franti, Sara Venturini, Meng Wang, Paul W. H. I. Parren, and Dennis R. Burton. Heterogeneity of Envelope Molecules Expressed on Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Particles as Probed by the Binding of Neutralizing and Nonneutralizing Antibodies. J. Virol., 77(1):353-365, Jan 2003. PubMed ID: 12477840. Show all entries for this paper.

Pugach2004 Pavel Pugach, Shawn E. Kuhmann, Joann Taylor, Andre J. Marozsan, Amy Snyder, Thomas Ketas, Steven M. Wolinsky, Bette T. Korber, and John P. Moore. The Prolonged Culture of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 in Primary Lymphocytes Increases its Sensitivity to Neutralization by Soluble CD4. Virology, 321(1):8-22, 30 Mar 2004. PubMed ID: 15033560. Show all entries for this paper.

Pugach2008 Pavel Pugach, Thomas J. Ketas, Elizabeth Michael, and John P. Moore. Neutralizing Antibody and Anti-Retroviral Drug Sensitivities of HIV-1 Isolates Resistant to Small Molecule CCR5 Inhibitors. Virology, 377(2):401-407, 1 Aug 2008. PubMed ID: 18519143. Show all entries for this paper.

Pugach2015 Pavel Pugach, Gabriel Ozorowski, Albert Cupo, Rajesh Ringe, Anila Yasmeen, Natalia de Val, Ronald Derking, Helen J. Kim, Jacob Korzun, Michael Golabek, Kevin de Los Reyes, Thomas J. Ketas, Jean-Philippe Julien, Dennis R. Burton, Ian A. Wilson, Rogier W. Sanders, P. J. Klasse, Andrew B. Ward, and John P. Moore. A Native-Like SOSIP.664 Trimer Based on an HIV-1 Subtype B env Gene. J. Virol., 89(6):3380-3395, Mar 2015. PubMed ID: 25589637. Show all entries for this paper.

Ringe2011 Rajesh Ringe, Deepak Sharma, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Sanjay Phogat, Arun Risbud, Madhuri Thakar, Ramesh Paranjape, and Jayanta Bhattacharya. A Single Amino Acid Substitution in the C4 Region in gp120 Confers Enhanced Neutralization of HIV-1 by Modulating CD4 Binding Sites and V3 Loop. Virology, 418(2):123-132, 30 Sep 2011. PubMed ID: 21851958. Show all entries for this paper.

Robinson2010 James E. Robinson, Kelly Franco, Debra Holton Elliott, Mary Jane Maher, Ashley Reyna, David C. Montefiori, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Zane Kraft, and Leonidas Stamatatos. Quaternary Epitope Specificities of Anti-HIV-1 Neutralizing Antibodies Generated in Rhesus Macaques Infected by the Simian/Human Immunodeficiency Virus SHIVSF162P4. J. Virol., 84(7):3443-3453, Apr 2010. PubMed ID: 20106929. Show all entries for this paper.

Rosen2005 Osnat Rosen, Jordan Chill, Michal Sharon, Naama Kessler, Brenda Mester, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Jacob Anglister. Induced Fit in HIV-Neutralizing Antibody Complexes: Evidence for Alternative Conformations of the gp120 V3 Loop and the Molecular Basis for Broad Neutralization. Biochemistry, 44(19):7250-7158, 17 May 2005. PubMed ID: 15882063. Show all entries for this paper.

Ruprecht2011 Claudia R. Ruprecht, Anders Krarup, Lucy Reynell, Axel M. Mann, Oliver F. Brandenberg, Livia Berlinger, Irene A. Abela, Roland R. Regoes, Huldrych F. Günthard, Peter Rusert, and Alexandra Trkola. MPER-Specific Antibodies Induce gp120 Shedding and Irreversibly Neutralize HIV-1. J. Exp. Med., 208(3):439-454, 14 Mar 2011. PubMed ID: 21357743. Show all entries for this paper.

Saarloos1995 M. N. Saarloos, T. F. Lint, and G. T. Spear. Efficacy of HIV-Specific and `Antibody-Independent' Mechanisms for Complement Activation by HIV-Infected Cells. Clin. Exp. Immunol., 99:189-195, 1995. PubMed ID: 7851010. Show all entries for this paper.

Sabin2010 Charles Sabin, Davide Corti, Victor Buzon, Mike S. Seaman, David Lutje Hulsik, Andreas Hinz, Fabrizia Vanzetta, Gloria Agatic, Chiara Silacci, Lara Mainetti, Gabriella Scarlatti, Federica Sallusto, Robin Weiss, Antonio Lanzavecchia, and Winfried Weissenhorn. Crystal Structure and Size-Dependent Neutralization Properties of HK20, a Human Monoclonal Antibody Binding to the Highly Conserved Heptad Repeat 1 of gp41. PLoS Pathog., 6(11):e1001195, 2010. PubMed ID: 21124990. Show all entries for this paper.

Sanders2013 Rogier W. Sanders, Ronald Derking, Albert Cupo, Jean-Philippe Julien, Anila Yasmeen, Natalia de Val, Helen J. Kim, Claudia Blattner, Alba Torrents de la Peña, Jacob Korzun, Michael Golabek, Kevin de los Reyes, Thomas J. Ketas, Marit J. van Gils, C. Richter King, Ian A. Wilson, Andrew B. Ward, P. J. Klasse, and John P. Moore. A Next-Generation Cleaved, Soluble HIV-1 Env Trimer, BG505 SOSIP.664 gp140, Expresses Multiple Epitopes for Broadly Neutralizing but not Non-Neutralizing Antibodies. PLoS Pathog., 9(9):e1003618, Sep 2013. PubMed ID: 24068931. Show all entries for this paper.

Sattentau1995 Q. J. Sattentau, S. Zolla-Pazner, and P. Poignard. Epitope Exposure on Functional, Oligomeric HIV-1 gp41 Molecules. Virology, 206:713-717, 1995. Most gp41 epitopes are masked when associated with gp120 on the cell surface. Weak binding of anti-gp41 MAbs can be enhanced by treatment with sCD4. MAb 2F5 binds to a membrane proximal epitope which binds in the presence of gp120 without sCD4. PubMed ID: 7530400. Show all entries for this paper.

Sattentau1995b Q. J. Sattentau. Conservation of HIV-1 gp120 Neutralizing Epitopes after Formalin Inactivation. AIDS, 9:1383-1385, 1995. PubMed ID: 8605064. Show all entries for this paper.

Sattentau1996 Q. J. Sattentau. Neutralization of HIV-1 by Antibody. Curr. Opin. Immunol., 8:540-545, 1996. Review. PubMed ID: 8794008. Show all entries for this paper.

Scheid2009 Johannes F. Scheid, Hugo Mouquet, Niklas Feldhahn, Michael S. Seaman, Klara Velinzon, John Pietzsch, Rene G. Ott, Robert M. Anthony, Henry Zebroski, Arlene Hurley, Adhuna Phogat, Bimal Chakrabarti, Yuxing Li, Mark Connors, Florencia Pereyra, Bruce D. Walker, Hedda Wardemann, David Ho, Richard T. Wyatt, John R. Mascola, Jeffrey V. Ravetch, and Michel C. Nussenzweig. Broad Diversity of Neutralizing Antibodies Isolated from Memory B Cells in HIV-Infected Individuals. Nature, 458(7238):636-640, 2 Apr 2009. PubMed ID: 19287373. Show all entries for this paper.

Seaman2010 Michael S. Seaman, Holly Janes, Natalie Hawkins, Lauren E. Grandpre, Colleen Devoy, Ayush Giri, Rory T. Coffey, Linda Harris, Blake Wood, Marcus G. Daniels, Tanmoy Bhattacharya, Alan Lapedes, Victoria R Polonis, Francine E. McCutchan, Peter B. Gilbert, Steve G. Self, Bette T. Korber, David C. Montefiori, and John R. Mascola. Tiered Categorization of a Diverse Panel of HIV-1 Env Pseudoviruses for Assessment of Neutralizing Antibodies. J Virol, 84(3):1439-1452, Feb 2010. PubMed ID: 19939925. Show all entries for this paper.

Selvarajah2005 Suganya Selvarajah, Bridget Puffer, Ralph Pantophlet, Mansun Law, Robert W. Doms, and Dennis R. Burton. Comparing Antigenicity and Immunogenicity of Engineered gp120. J. Virol., 79(19):12148-12163, Oct 2005. PubMed ID: 16160142. Show all entries for this paper.

Sharon2002 Michal Sharon, Matthias Görlach, Rina Levy, Yehezkiel Hayek, and Jacob Anglister. Expression, Purification, and Isotope Labeling of a gp120 V3 Peptide and Production of a Fab from a HIV-1 Neutralizing Antibody for NMR Studies. Protein Expr. Purif., 24(3):374-383, Apr 2002. PubMed ID: 11922753. Show all entries for this paper.

Sharpe2004 Simon Sharpe, Naama Kessler, Jacob A. Anglister, Wai-Ming Yau, and Robert Tycko. Solid-State NMR Yields Structural Constraints on the V3 Loop from HIV-1 Gp120 Bound to the 447-52D Antibody Fv Fragment. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 126(15):4979-4990, 21 Apr 2004. PubMed ID: 15080704. Show all entries for this paper.

Shen2010 Xiaoying Shen, S. Moses Dennison, Pinghuang Liu, Feng Gao, Frederick Jaeger, David C. Montefiori, Laurent Verkoczy, Barton F. Haynes, S. Munir Alam, and Georgia D. Tomaras. Prolonged Exposure of the HIV-1 gp41 Membrane Proximal Region with L669S Substitution. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 107(13):5972-5977, 30 Mar 2010. PubMed ID: 20231447. Show all entries for this paper.

Sheppard2007a Neil C. Sheppard, Sarah L. Davies, Simon A. Jeffs, Sueli M. Vieira, and Quentin J. Sattentau. Production and Characterization of High-Affinity Human Monoclonal Antibodies to Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Glycoproteins in a Mouse Model Expressing Human Immunoglobulins. Clin. Vaccine Immunol., 14(2):157-167, Feb 2007. PubMed ID: 17167037. Show all entries for this paper.

Shibata2007 Junji Shibata, Kazuhisa Yoshimura, Akiko Honda, Atsushi Koito, Toshio Murakami, and Shuzo Matsushita. Impact of V2 Mutations on Escape from a Potent Neutralizing Anti-V3 Monoclonal Antibody during In Vitro Selection of a Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate. J. Virol., 81(8):3757-3768, Apr 2007. PubMed ID: 17251298. Show all entries for this paper.

Shmelkov2011 Evgeny Shmelkov, Arthur Nadas, James Swetnam, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Timothy Cardozo. Indirect Detection of an Epitope-Specific Response to HIV-1 gp120 Immunization in Human Subjects. PLoS One, 6(11):e27279, 2011. PubMed ID: 22076145. Show all entries for this paper.

Shmelkov2014 Evgeny Shmelkov, Chavdar Krachmarov, Arsen V. Grigoryan, Abraham Pinter, Alexander Statnikov, and Timothy Cardozo. Computational Prediction of Neutralization Epitopes Targeted by Human Anti-V3 HIV Monoclonal Antibodies. PLoS One, 9(2):e89987, 2014. PubMed ID: 24587168. Show all entries for this paper.

Sirois2007 Suzanne Sirois, Mohamed Touaibia, Kuo-Chen Chou, and Rene Roy. Glycosylation of HIV-1 gp120 V3 Loop: Towards the Rational Design of a Synthetic Carbohydrate Vaccine. Curr. Med. Chem., 14(30):3232-3242, 2007. PubMed ID: 18220757. Show all entries for this paper.

Smalls-Mantey2012 Adjoa Smalls-Mantey, Nicole Doria-Rose, Rachel Klein, Andy Patamawenu, Stephen A. Migueles, Sung-Youl Ko, Claire W. Hallahan, Hing Wong, Bai Liu, Lijing You, Johannes Scheid, John C. Kappes, Christina Ochsenbauer, Gary J. Nabel, John R. Mascola, and Mark Connors. Antibody-Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity against Primary HIV-Infected CD4+ T Cells Is Directly Associated with the Magnitude of Surface IgG Binding. J. Virol., 86(16):8672-8680, Aug 2012. PubMed ID: 22674985. Show all entries for this paper.

Smith1998 A. D. Smith, S. C. Geisler, A. A. Chen, D. A. Resnick, B. M. Roy, P. J. Lewi, E. Arnold, and G. F. Arnold. Human Rhinovirus Type 14: Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) V3 Loop Chimeras from a Combinatorial Library Induce Potent Neutralizing Antibody Responses against HIV-1. J. Virol., 72:651-659, 1998. The tip of the MN V3 loop, IGPGRAFYTTKN, was inserted into cold-causing human rhinovirus 14 (HRV14) and chimeras were immunoselected using MAbs 447-52-D, 694/98-D, NM-01, and 59.1, for good presentation of the V3 antigenic region. The selected chimeric viruses were neutralized by anti-V3 loop MAbs. The chimeric viruses elicited potent NAbs against ALA-1 and MN in guinea pigs. PubMed ID: 9420270. Show all entries for this paper.

Spear1993 G. T. Spear, D. M. Takefman, B. L. Sullivan, A. L. Landay, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Complement activation by human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol., 67:53-59, 1993. This study looked at the ability of 16 human MAbs to activate complement. MAbs directed against the V3 region could induce C3 deposition on infected cells and virolysis of free virus, but antibodies to the CD4BS and C-terminal region and two regions in gp41 could induce no complement mediated effects. Pre-treatment with sCD4 could increase complement-mediated effects of anti-gp41 MAbs, but decreased the complement-mediated effects of V3 MAbs. Anti-gp41 MAbs were able to affect IIIB but not MN virolysis, suggesting spontaneous shedding of gp120 on IIIB virions exposes gp41 epitopes. IgG isotype did not appear to have an effect on virolysis or C3 deposition. PubMed ID: 7677959. Show all entries for this paper.

Sreepian2009 Apichai Sreepian, Jongruk Permmongkol, Wannee Kantakamalakul, Sontana Siritantikorn, Nattaya Tanlieng, and Ruengpung Sutthent. HIV-1 Neutralization by Monoclonal Antibody against Conserved Region 2 and Patterns of Epitope Exposure on the Surface of Native Viruses. J. Immune Based Ther. Vaccines, 7:5, 2009. PubMed ID: 19821992. Show all entries for this paper.

Srivastava2002 Indresh K. Srivastava, Leonidas Stamatatos, Harold Legg, Elaine Kan, Anne Fong, Stephen R. Coates, Louisa Leung, Mark Wininger, John J. Donnelly, Jeffrey B. Ulmer, and Susan W. Barnett. Purification and Characterization of Oligomeric Envelope Glycoprotein from a Primary R5 Subtype B Human Immunodeficiency Virus. J. Virol., 76(6):2835-2847, Mar 2002. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/76/6/2835. PubMed ID: 11861851. Show all entries for this paper.

Srivastava2005 Indresh K. Srivastava, Jeffrey B. Ulmer, and Susan W. Barnett. Role of Neutralizing Antibodies in Protective Immunity Against HIV. Hum. Vaccin., 1(2):45-60, Mar-Apr 2005. PubMed ID: 17038830. Show all entries for this paper.

Srivastava2008 Indresh K. Srivastava, Elaine Kan, Yide Sun, Victoria A. Sharma, Jimna Cisto, Brian Burke, Ying Lian, Susan Hilt, Zohar Biron, Karin Hartog, Leonidas Stamatatos, Ruben Diaz-Avalos, R Holland Cheng, Jeffrey B. Ulmer, and Susan W. Barnett. Comparative Evaluation of Trimeric Envelope Glycoproteins Derived from Subtype C and B HIV-1 R5 Isolates. Virology, 372(2):273-290, 15 Mar 2008. PubMed ID: 18061231. Show all entries for this paper.

Stanfield2005 Robyn L. Stanfield and Ian A. Wilson. Structural Studies of Human HIV-1 V3 Antibodies. Hum Antibodies, 14(3-4):73-80, 2005. PubMed ID: 16720977. Show all entries for this paper.

Stanfield2006 Robyn L. Stanfield, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Ian A. Wilson. Crystal Structures of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Neutralizing Antibody 2219 in Complex with Three Different V3 Peptides Reveal a New Binding Mode for HIV-1 Cross-Reactivity. J. Virol., 80(12):6093-6105, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16731948. Show all entries for this paper.

Swetnam2010 James Swetnam, Evgeny Shmelkov, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Timothy Cardozo. Comparative Magnitude of Cross-Strain Conservation of HIV Variable Loop Neutralization Epitopes. PLoS One, 5(12):e15994, 2010. PubMed ID: 21209919. Show all entries for this paper.

Tasca2008 Silvana Tasca, Siu-Hong Ho, and Cecilia Cheng-Mayer. R5X4 Viruses Are Evolutionary, Functional, and Antigenic Intermediates in the Pathway of a Simian-Human Immunodeficiency Virus Coreceptor Switch. J. Virol., 82(14):7089-7099, Jul 2008. PubMed ID: 18480460. Show all entries for this paper.

Teeraputon2005 Sirilak Teeraputon, Suda Louisirirojchanakul, and Prasert Auewarakul. N-Linked Glycosylation in C2 Region of HIV-1 Envelope Reduces Sensitivity to Neutralizing Antibodies. Viral Immunol., 18(2):343-353, Summer 2005. PubMed ID: 16035946. Show all entries for this paper.

Tomaras2011 Georgia D. Tomaras, James M. Binley, Elin S. Gray, Emma T. Crooks, Keiko Osawa, Penny L. Moore, Nancy Tumba, Tommy Tong, Xiaoying Shen, Nicole L. Yates, Julie Decker, Constantinos Kurt Wibmer, Feng Gao, S. Munir Alam, Philippa Easterbrook, Salim Abdool Karim, Gift Kamanga, John A. Crump, Myron Cohen, George M. Shaw, John R. Mascola, Barton F. Haynes, David C. Montefiori, and Lynn Morris. Polyclonal B Cell Responses to Conserved Neutralization Epitopes in a Subset of HIV-1-Infected Individuals. J. Virol., 85(21):11502-11519, Nov 2011. PubMed ID: 21849452. Show all entries for this paper.

Totrov2010 Maxim Totrov, Xunqing Jiang, Xiang-Peng Kong, Sandra Cohen, Chavdar Krachmarov, Aidy Salomon, Constance Williams, Michael S. Seaman, Ruben Abagyan, Timothy Cardozo, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Shixia Wang, Shan Lu, Abraham Pinter, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Structure-Guided Design and Immunological Characterization of Immunogens Presenting the HIV-1 gp120 V3 Loop on a CTB Scaffold. Virology, 405(2):513-523, 30 Sep 2010. PubMed ID: 20663531. Show all entries for this paper.

Trkola1996b A. Trkola, T. Dragic, J. Arthos, J. M. Binley, W. C. Olson, G. P. Allaway, C. Cheng-Mayer, J. Robinson, P. J. Maddon, and J. P. Moore. CD4-Dependent, Antibody-Sensitive Interactions between HIV-1 and Its Co-Receptor CCR-5. Nature, 384:184-187, 1996. CCR-5 is a co-factor for fusion of HIV-1 strains of the non-syncytium-inducing (NSI) phenotype with CD4+ T-cells. CD4 binding greatly increases the efficiency of gp120-CCR-5 interaction. Neutralizing MAbs against the V3 loop and CD4-induced epitopes on gp120 inhibited the interaction of gp120 with CCR-5, without affecting gp120-CD4 binding. PubMed ID: 8906796. Show all entries for this paper.

Ugolini1997 S. Ugolini, I. Mondor, P. W. H. I Parren, D. R. Burton, S. A. Tilley, P. J. Klasse, and Q. J. Sattentau. Inhibition of Virus Attachment to CD4+ Target Cells Is a Major Mechanism of T Cell Line-Adapted HIV-1 Neutralization. J. Exp. Med., 186:1287-1298, 1997. PubMed ID: 9334368. Show all entries for this paper.

Upadhyay2014 Chitra Upadhyay, Luzia M. Mayr, Jing Zhang, Rajnish Kumar, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Arthur Nádas, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Catarina E. Hioe. Distinct Mechanisms Regulate Exposure of Neutralizing Epitopes in the V2 and V3 Loops of HIV-1 Envelope. J. Virol., 88(21):12853-12865, Nov 2014. PubMed ID: 25165106. Show all entries for this paper.

Vaine2010 Michael Vaine, Shixia Wang, Qin Liu, James Arthos, David Montefiori, Paul Goepfert, M. Juliana McElrath, and Shan Lu. Profiles of Human Serum Antibody Responses Elicited by Three Leading HIV Vaccines Focusing on the Induction of Env-Specific Antibodies. PLoS One, 5(11):e13916, 2010. PubMed ID: 21085486. Show all entries for this paper.

VanCott1994 T. C. VanCott, F. R. Bethke, V. R. Polonis, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, R. R. Redfield, and D. L. Birx. Dissociation Rate of Antibody-gp120 Binding Interactions Is Predictive of V3-Mediated Neutralization of HIV-1. J. Immunol., 153:449-459, 1994. Using surface plasmon resonance it was found that the rate of the dissociation of the MAb-gp120 complex, but not the association rate, correlated with MAbs ability to neutralize homologous virus (measured by 50\% inhibition of p24 production). Association constants were similar for all MAbs tested, varying less than 4-fold. Dissociation rate constants were quite variable, with 100-fold differences observed. PubMed ID: 7515931. Show all entries for this paper.

vanGils2011 Marit J. van Gils, Evelien M. Bunnik, Brigitte D. Boeser-Nunnink, Judith A. Burger, Marijke Terlouw-Klein, Naomi Verwer, and Hanneke Schuitemaker. Longer V1V2 Region with Increased Number of Potential N-Linked Glycosylation Sites in the HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Protects against HIV-Specific Neutralizing Antibodies. J. Virol., 85(14):6986-6995, Jul 2011. PubMed ID: 21593147. Show all entries for this paper.

Varadarajan2005 Raghavan Varadarajan, Deepak Sharma, Kausik Chakraborty, Mayuri Patel, Michael Citron, Prem Sinha, Ramkishor Yadav, Umar Rashid, Sarah Kennedy, Debra Eckert, Romas Geleziunas, David Bramhill, William Schleif, Xiaoping Liang, and John Shiver. Characterization of gp120 and Its Single-Chain Derivatives, gp120-CD4D12 and gp120-M9: Implications for Targeting the CD4i Epitope in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Vaccine Design. J. Virol., 79(3):1713-1723, Feb 2005. PubMed ID: 15650196. Show all entries for this paper.

Vermeire2009 Kurt Vermeire, Kristel Van Laethem, Wouter Janssens, Thomas W. Bell, and Dominique Schols. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Escape from Cyclotriazadisulfonamide-Induced CD4-Targeted Entry Inhibition Is Associated with Increased Neutralizing Antibody Susceptibility. J. Virol., 83(18):9577-9583, Sep 2009. PubMed ID: 19570853. Show all entries for this paper.

Verrier2001 F. Verrier, A. Nadas, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Additive effects characterize the interaction of antibodies involved in neutralization of the primary dualtropic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolate 89.6. J. Virol., 75(19):9177--86, Oct 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/19/9177. PubMed ID: 11533181. Show all entries for this paper.

Visciano2008 Maria Luisa Visciano, Michael Tuen, Miroslaw K. Gorny, and Catarina E. Hioe. In Vivo Alteration of Humoral Responses to HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein gp120 by Antibodies to the CD4-Binding Site of gp120. Virology, 372(2):409-420, 15 Mar 2008. PubMed ID: 18054978. Show all entries for this paper.

Wang2007a Bao-Zhong Wang, Weimin Liu, Sang-Moo Kang, Munir Alam, Chunzi Huang, Ling Ye, Yuliang Sun, Yingying Li, Denise L. Kothe, Peter Pushko, Terje Dokland, Barton F. Haynes, Gale Smith, Beatrice H. Hahn, and Richard W. Compans. Incorporation of High Levels of Chimeric Human Immunodeficiency Virus Envelope Glycoproteins into Virus-Like Particles. J. Virol., 81(20):10869-10878, Oct 2007. PubMed ID: 17670815. Show all entries for this paper.

Wu2008 Xueling Wu, Anna Sambor, Martha C. Nason, Zhi-Yong Yang, Lan Wu, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Gary J. Nabel, and John R. Mascola. Soluble CD4 Broadens Neutralization of V3-Directed Monoclonal Antibodies and Guinea Pig Vaccine Sera against HIV-1 Subtype B and C Reference Viruses. Virology, 380(2):285-295, 25 Oct 2008. PubMed ID: 18804254. Show all entries for this paper.

Wu2010 Xueling Wu, Zhi-Yong Yang, Yuxing Li, Carl-Magnus Hogerkorp, William R. Schief, Michael S. Seaman, Tongqing Zhou, Stephen D. Schmidt, Lan Wu, Ling Xu, Nancy S. Longo, Krisha McKee, Sijy O'Dell, Mark K. Louder, Diane L. Wycuff, Yu Feng, Martha Nason, Nicole Doria-Rose, Mark Connors, Peter D. Kwong, Mario Roederer, Richard T. Wyatt, Gary J. Nabel, and John R. Mascola. Rational Design of Envelope Identifies Broadly Neutralizing Human Monoclonal Antibodies to HIV-1. Science, 329(5993):856-861, 13 Aug 2010. PubMed ID: 20616233. Show all entries for this paper.

Xu2010 Hengyu Xu, Likai Song, Mikyung Kim, Margaret A. Holmes, Zane Kraft, George Sellhorn, Ellis L. Reinherz, Leonidas Stamatatos, and Roland K. Strong. Interactions between Lipids and Human Anti-HIV Antibody 4E10 Can Be Reduced without Ablating Neutralizing Activity. J. Virol., 84(2):1076-1088, Jan 2010. PubMed ID: 19906921. Show all entries for this paper.

Yamamoto2008 Hiroyuki Yamamoto and Tetsuro Matano. Anti-HIV Adaptive Immunity: Determinants for Viral Persistence. Rev. Med. Virol., 18(5):293-303, Sep-Oct 2008. PubMed ID: 18416450. Show all entries for this paper.

Yang2010a Qiang Yang, Cishan Li, Yadong Wei, Wei Huang, and Lai-Xi Wang. Expression, Glycoform Characterization, and Antibody-Binding of HIV-1 V3 Glycopeptide Domain Fused with Human IgG1-Fc. Bioconjug. Chem., 21(5):875-883, 19 May 2010. PubMed ID: 20369886. Show all entries for this paper.

Yates2018 Nicole L. Yates, Allan C. deCamp, Bette T. Korber, Hua-Xin Liao, Carmela Irene, Abraham Pinter, James Peacock, Linda J. Harris, Sheetal Sawant, Peter Hraber, Xiaoying Shen, Supachai Rerks-Ngarm, Punnee Pitisuttithum, Sorachai Nitayapan, Phillip W. Berman, Merlin L. Robb, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Barton F. Haynes, S. Munir Alam, David C. Montefiori, and Georgia D. Tomaras. HIV-1 Envelope Glycoproteins from Diverse Clades Differentiate Antibody Responses and Durability among Vaccinees. J. Virol., 92(8), 15 Apr 2018. PubMed ID: 29386288. Show all entries for this paper.

York2001 J. York, K. E. Follis, M. Trahey, P. N. Nyambi, S. Zolla-Pazner, and J. H. Nunberg. Antibody binding and neutralization of primary and T-cell line-adapted isolates of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J. Virol., 75(6):2741--52, Mar 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/6/2741. PubMed ID: 11222697. Show all entries for this paper.

Yoshimura2006 Kazuhisa Yoshimura, Junji Shibata, Tetsuya Kimura, Akiko Honda, Yosuke Maeda, Atsushi Koito, Toshio Murakami, Hiroaki Mitsuya, and Shuzo Matsushita. Resistance Profile of a Neutralizing Anti-HIV Monoclonal Antibody, KD-247, that Shows Favourable Synergism with Anti-CCR5 Inhibitors. AIDS, 20(16):2065-2073, 24 Oct 2006. PubMed ID: 17053352. Show all entries for this paper.

Yu2010 Bin Yu, Dora P. A. J. Fonseca, Sara M. O'Rourke, and Phillip W. Berman. Protease Cleavage Sites in HIV-1 gp120 Recognized by Antigen Processing Enzymes Are Conserved and Located at Receptor Binding Sites. J. Virol., 84(3):1513-1526, Feb 2010. PubMed ID: 19939935. Show all entries for this paper.

Yu2018 Wen-Han Yu, Peng Zhao, Monia Draghi, Claudia Arevalo, Christina B. Karsten, Todd J. Suscovich, Bronwyn Gunn, Hendrik Streeck, Abraham L. Brass, Michael Tiemeyer, Michael Seaman, John R. Mascola, Lance Wells, Douglas A. Lauffenburger, and Galit Alter. Exploiting Glycan Topography for Computational Design of Env Glycoprotein Antigenicity. PLoS Comput. Biol., 14(4):e1006093, Apr 2018. PubMed ID: 29677181. Show all entries for this paper.

Yuste2006 Eloisa Yuste, Hannah B. Sanford, Jill Carmody, Jacqueline Bixby, Susan Little, Michael B. Zwick, Tom Greenough, Dennis R. Burton, Douglas D. Richman, Ronald C. Desrosiers, and Welkin E. Johnson. Simian Immunodeficiency Virus Engrafted with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1)-Specific Epitopes: Replication, Neutralization, and Survey of HIV-1-Positive Plasma. J. Virol., 80(6):3030-3041, Mar 2006. PubMed ID: 16501112. Show all entries for this paper.

Zhou2010 Tongqing Zhou, Ivelin Georgiev, Xueling Wu, Zhi-Yong Yang, Kaifan Dai, Andrés Finzi, Young Do Kwon, Johannes F. Scheid, Wei Shi, Ling Xu, Yongping Yang, Jiang Zhu, Michel C. Nussenzweig, Joseph Sodroski, Lawrence Shapiro, Gary J. Nabel, John R. Mascola, and Peter D. Kwong. Structural Basis for Broad and Potent Neutralization of HIV-1 by Antibody VRC01. Science, 329(5993):811-817, 13 Aug 2010. PubMed ID: 20616231. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1995 S. Zolla-Pazner, J. O'Leary, S. Burda, M. K. Gorny, M. Kim, J. Mascola, and F. McCutchan. Serotyping of primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolates from diverse geographic locations by flow cytometry. J. Virol., 69:3807-3815, 1995. A set of 13 human MAbs to a variety of epitopes were tested against a panel of primary isolates of HIV-1, representing different genetic clades. The V3 loop tended to be B clade restricted, and a single gp120 C-terminus binding antibody was clade specific. Two other gp120 C-terminus binding antibodies were group specific. PubMed ID: 7745728. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1995a S. Zolla-Pazner and S. Sharpe. A Resting Cell Assay for Improved Detection of Antibody-Mediated Neutralization of HIV Type 1 Primary Isolates. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 11:1449-1458, 1995. PubMed ID: 8679288. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999a S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, P. N. Nyambi, T. C. VanCott, and A. Nadas. Immunotyping of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV): An Approach to Immunologic Classification of HIV. J. Virol., 73:4042-4051, 1999. 21 human anti-V3 MAbs were studied with respect to cross-clade reactivity and immunological relationship to other human anti-V3 MAbs. Broad cross-reactivities were observed, and V3 peptides were grouped into immunotypes that contained peptides from several clades. PubMed ID: 10196300. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999b S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and P. N. Nyambi. The implications of antigenic diversity for vaccine development. Immunol. Lett., 66:159-64, 1999. PubMed ID: 10203049. Show all entries for this paper.

Zwick2003a Michael B. Zwick, Robert Kelleher, Richard Jensen, Aran F. Labrijn, Meng Wang, Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr., Paul W. H. I. Parren, and Dennis R. Burton. A Novel Human Antibody against Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Is V1, V2, and V3 Loop Dependent and Helps Delimit the Epitope of the Broadly Neutralizing Antibody Immunoglobulin G1 b12. J. Virol., 77(12):6965-6978, Jun 2003. PubMed ID: 12768015. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 506

Download this epitope record as JSON.

MAb ID 694/98-D (694/98, 694.8, 694/98D, 694-98D)
HXB2 Location gp160(314-317)
DNA(7164..7175)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120( IIIB)
Research Contact Dr. Zolla-Pazner, Veterans Affairs Center, NY, NY. zollas01@endeavor.med.nyu.edu
Epitope GRAF Epitope Alignment
GRAF epitope logo
Subtype B
Ab Type gp120 V3 // V3 glycan (V3g)
Neutralizing L
Species (Isotype) human(IgG1λ)
Patient  
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords ADCC, antibody binding site, antibody interactions, antibody sequence, binding affinity, enhancing activity, neutralization, review, structure, vaccine antigen design, variant cross-reactivity

Notes

Showing 36 of 36 notes.

References

Showing 39 of 39 references.

Isolation Paper
Gorny1992 M. K. Gorny, A. J. Conley, S. Karwowska, A. Buchbinder, J.-Y. Xu, E. A. Emini, S. Koenig, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Neutralization of Diverse Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Variants by an Anti-V3 Human Monoclonal Antibody. J. Virol., 66:7538-7542, 1992. PubMed ID: 1433529. Show all entries for this paper.

Altmeyer1999 R. Altmeyer, E. Mordelet, M. Girard, and C. Vidal. Expression and detection of macrophage tropic HIV-1 gp120 in the brain using conformation-dependent antibodies. Virology, 259:314-21, 1999. PubMed ID: 10388656. Show all entries for this paper.

Andrus1998 L. Andrus, A. M. Prince, I. Bernal, P. McCormack, D. H. Lee, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Passive immunization with a human immunodeficiency virus type 1- neutralizing monoclonal antibody in Hu-PBL-SCID mice: isolation of a neutralization escape variant. J. Infect. Dis., 177:889-97, 1998. PubMed ID: 9534960. Show all entries for this paper.

Cavacini1993 L. A. Cavacini, C. L. Emes, J. Power, A. Buchbinder, S. Zolla-Pazner, and M. R. Posner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies to the V3 Loop of HIV-1 gp120 Mediate Variable and Distinct Effects on Binding and Viral Neutralization by a Human Monoclonal Antibody to the CD4 Binding Site. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr., 6:353-358, 1993. PubMed ID: 8455141. Show all entries for this paper.

Cook1994 D. G. Cook, J. Fantini, S. L. Spitalnik, and F. Gonzalez-Scarano. Binding of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 HIV-1 gp120 to Galactosylceramide (GalCer): Relationship to the V3 Loop. Virol., 201:206-214, 1994. Antibodies against GalCer can block infection of CD4-negative cells from the brain and colon that are susceptible to HIV infection. This paper explores the ability of a panel of MAbs to inhibit binding of gp120 to GalCer, and also of the binding of GalCer to inhibit MAb-gp120 interaction. MAbs to the V3 loop and GalCer showed mutual inhibition of binding to gp120, and anti-CD4 binding site MAbs showed reduced inhibition. N- and C-terminal MAbs didn't influence GalCer binding. PubMed ID: 8184533. Show all entries for this paper.

EdwardsBH2002 Bradley H. Edwards, Anju Bansal, Steffanie Sabbaj, Janna Bakari, Mark J. Mulligan, and Paul A. Goepfert. Magnitude of Functional CD8+ T-Cell Responses to the Gag Protein of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Correlates Inversely with Viral Load in Plasma. J. Virol., 76(5):2298-2305, Mar 2002. PubMed ID: 11836408. Show all entries for this paper.

Forthal1995 D. N. Forthal, G. Landucci, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and W. E. Robinson, Jr. Functional Activities of 20 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1)-Specific Human Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 11:1095-1099, 1995. A series of tests were performed on 20 human monoclonal antibodies to assess their potential therapeutic utility. Antibodies were tested for potentially harmful complement-mediated antibody enhancing activity (C-ADE), and for potentially beneficial neutralizing activity and antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity ADCC. PubMed ID: 8554906. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1993 M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, S. Karwowska, A. Buchbinder, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Repertoire of Neutralizing Human Monoclonal Antibodies Specific for The V3 Domain of HIV-1 gp120. J. Immunol., 150:635-643, 1993. Characterizaton of 12 human MAbs that bind and neutralize the MN isolate with 50\% neutralization. Two of these antibodies also bound and neutralized IIIB: 447-52-D and 694/98-D; all others could not bind HXB2 peptides. All but two, 418-D and 412-D could bind to SF2 peptides. PubMed ID: 7678279. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1994 M. K. Gorny, J. P. Moore, A. J. Conley, S. Karwowska, J. Sodroski, C. Williams, S. Burda, L. J. Boots, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Human Anti-V2 Monoclonal Antibody That Neutralizes Primary but Not Laboratory Isolates of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. J. Virol., 68:8312-8320, 1994. Detailed characterization of the MAb 697-D. PubMed ID: 7525987. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2004 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Kathy Revesz, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Mark K. Louder, Christopher A. Anyangwe, Chavdar Krachmarov, Samuel C. Kayman, Abraham Pinter, Arthur Nadas, Phillipe N. Nyambi, John R. Mascola, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. The V3 Loop is Accessible on the Surface of Most Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolates and Serves as a Neutralization Epitope. J. Virol., 78(5):2394-2404, Mar 2004. PubMed ID: 14963135. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2009 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Bradley Witover, Sherri Burda, Mateusz Urbanski, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Arthur Nadas. Preferential Use of the VH5-51 Gene Segment by the Human Immune Response to Code for Antibodies against the V3 Domain of HIV-1. Mol. Immunol., 46(5):917-926, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 18952295. Show all entries for this paper.

Haldar2011 Bijayesh Haldar, Sherri Burda, Constance Williams, Leo Heyndrickx, Guido Vanham, Miroslaw K. Gorny, and Phillipe Nyambi. Longitudinal Study of Primary HIV-1 Isolates in Drug-Naïve Individuals Reveals the Emergence of Variants Sensitive to Anti-HIV-1 Monoclonal Antibodies. PLoS One, 6(2):e17253, 2011. PubMed ID: 21383841. Show all entries for this paper.

Harada2008 Shinji Harada, Kazuaki Monde, Yuetsu Tanaka, Tetsuya Kimura, Yosuke Maeda, and Keisuke Yusa. Neutralizing Antibodies Decrease the Envelope Fluidity of HIV-1. Virology, 370(1):142-150, 5 Jan 2008. PubMed ID: 17900650. Show all entries for this paper.

He2002 Yuxian He, William J. Honnen, Chavdar P. Krachmarov, Michael Burkhart, Samuel C. Kayman, Jose Corvalan, and Abraham Pinter. Efficient Isolation of Novel Human Monoclonal Antibodies with Neutralizing Activity Against HIV-1 from Transgenic Mice Expressing Human Ig Loci. J. Immunol., 169(1):595-605, 1 Jul 2002. PubMed ID: 12077293. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe2009 Catarina E. Hioe, Maria Luisa Visciano, Rajnish Kumar, Jianping Liu, Ethan A. Mack, Rachel E. Simon, David N. Levy, and Michael Tuen. The Use of Immune Complex Vaccines to Enhance Antibody Responses against Neutralizing Epitopes on HIV-1 Envelope gp120. Vaccine, 28(2):352-360, 11 Dec 2009. PubMed ID: 19879224. Show all entries for this paper.

Laal1994 Suman Laal, Sherri Burda, Miroslav K. Gorny, Sylwia Karwowska, Aby Buchbinder, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Synergistic Neutralization of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 by Combinations of Human Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 68(6):4001-4008, Jun 1994. PubMed ID: 7514683. Show all entries for this paper.

Li1997 A. Li, T. W. Baba, J. Sodroski, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, J. Robinson, M. R. Posner, H. Katinger, C. F. Barbas III, D. R. Burton, T.-C. Chou, and R. M Ruprecht. Synergistic Neutralization of a Chimeric SIV/HIV Type 1 Virus with Combinations of Human Anti-HIV Type 1 Envelope Monoclonal Antibodies or Hyperimmune Globulins. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 13:647-656, 1997. Multiple combinations of MAbs were tested for their ability to synergize neutralization of a SHIV construct containing HIV IIIB env. All of the MAb combinations tried were synergistic, suggesting such combinations may be useful for passive immunotherapy or immunoprophylaxis. Because SHIV can replicate in rhesus macaques, such approaches can potentially be studied in an it in vivo monkey model. PubMed ID: 9168233. Show all entries for this paper.

Li1998 A. Li, H. Katinger, M. R. Posner, L. Cavacini, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, J. Sodroski, T. C. Chou, T. W. Baba, and R. M. Ruprecht. Synergistic Neutralization of Simian-Human Immunodeficiency Virus SHIV-vpu+ by Triple and Quadruple Combinations of Human Monoclonal Antibodies and High-Titer Anti-Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Immunoglobulins. J. Virol., 72:3235-3240, 1998. PubMed ID: 9525650. Show all entries for this paper.

Ling2004 Hong Ling, Peng Xiao, Osamu Usami, and Toshio Hattori. Thrombin Activates Envelope Glycoproteins of HIV Type 1 and Enhances Fusion. Microbes Infect., 6(5):414-420, Apr 2004. PubMed ID: 15109955. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi1998 P. N. Nyambi, M. K. Gorny, L. Bastiani, G. van der Groen, C. Williams, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Mapping of Epitopes Exposed on Intact Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Virions: A New Strategy for Studying the Immunologic Relatedness of HIV-1. J. Virol., 72:9384-9391, 1998. 18 human MAbs binding to gp120 and gp41 were tested using a novel assay to test binding to intact HIV-1 virions. The new method involves using MAbs to the host proteins incorporated into virions to bind them to ELIZA plates. Antigenic conservation in epitopes of HIV-1 in clades A, B, D, F, G, and H was studied. MAbs were selected that were directed against V2, V3, CD4bd, C5 or gp41 regions. Antibodies against V2, the CD4BS, and sp41 showed weak and sporadic reactivities, while binding strongly to gp120, suggesting these epitopes are hidden when gp120 is in its native, quaternary structure. PubMed ID: 9765494. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi2000 P. N. Nyambi, H. A. Mbah, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, A. Nadas, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Conserved and Exposed Epitopes on Intact, Native, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virions of Group M. J. Virol., 74:7096-7107, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888650. Show all entries for this paper.

Park2000 E. J. Park, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and G. V. Quinnan. A global neutralization resistance phenotype of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is determined by distinct mechanisms mediating enhanced infectivity and conformational change of the envelope complex. J. Virol., 74:4183-91, 2000. PubMed ID: 10756031. Show all entries for this paper.

Pollara2013 Justin Pollara, Mattia Bonsignori, M. Anthony Moody, Marzena Pazgier, Barton F. Haynes, and Guido Ferrari. Epitope Specificity of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Antibody Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity (ADCC) Responses. Curr. HIV Res., 11(5):378-387, Jul 2013. PubMed ID: 24191939. Show all entries for this paper.

Schonning1998 K. Schonning, A. Bolmstedt, J. Novotny, O. S. Lund, S. Olofsson, and J. E. Hansen. Induction of Antibodies against Epitopes Inaccessible on the HIV Type 1 Envelope Oligomer by Immunization with Recombinant Monomeric Glycoprotein 120. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 14:1451-1456, 1998. PubMed ID: 9824323. Show all entries for this paper.

Skinner1988 M. A. Skinner, R. Ting, A. J. Langlois, K. J. Weinhold, H. K. Lyerly, K. Javaherian, and T. J. Matthews. Characteristics of a Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibody to the HIV Envelope Glycoprotein. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 4:187-197, 1988. PubMed ID: 2456088. Show all entries for this paper.

Smith1998 A. D. Smith, S. C. Geisler, A. A. Chen, D. A. Resnick, B. M. Roy, P. J. Lewi, E. Arnold, and G. F. Arnold. Human Rhinovirus Type 14: Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) V3 Loop Chimeras from a Combinatorial Library Induce Potent Neutralizing Antibody Responses against HIV-1. J. Virol., 72:651-659, 1998. The tip of the MN V3 loop, IGPGRAFYTTKN, was inserted into cold-causing human rhinovirus 14 (HRV14) and chimeras were immunoselected using MAbs 447-52-D, 694/98-D, NM-01, and 59.1, for good presentation of the V3 antigenic region. The selected chimeric viruses were neutralized by anti-V3 loop MAbs. The chimeric viruses elicited potent NAbs against ALA-1 and MN in guinea pigs. PubMed ID: 9420270. Show all entries for this paper.

Spear1993 G. T. Spear, D. M. Takefman, B. L. Sullivan, A. L. Landay, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Complement activation by human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol., 67:53-59, 1993. This study looked at the ability of 16 human MAbs to activate complement. MAbs directed against the V3 region could induce C3 deposition on infected cells and virolysis of free virus, but antibodies to the CD4BS and C-terminal region and two regions in gp41 could induce no complement mediated effects. Pre-treatment with sCD4 could increase complement-mediated effects of anti-gp41 MAbs, but decreased the complement-mediated effects of V3 MAbs. Anti-gp41 MAbs were able to affect IIIB but not MN virolysis, suggesting spontaneous shedding of gp120 on IIIB virions exposes gp41 epitopes. IgG isotype did not appear to have an effect on virolysis or C3 deposition. PubMed ID: 7677959. Show all entries for this paper.

Totrov2010 Maxim Totrov, Xunqing Jiang, Xiang-Peng Kong, Sandra Cohen, Chavdar Krachmarov, Aidy Salomon, Constance Williams, Michael S. Seaman, Ruben Abagyan, Timothy Cardozo, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Shixia Wang, Shan Lu, Abraham Pinter, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Structure-Guided Design and Immunological Characterization of Immunogens Presenting the HIV-1 gp120 V3 Loop on a CTB Scaffold. Virology, 405(2):513-523, 30 Sep 2010. PubMed ID: 20663531. Show all entries for this paper.

Tuen2005 Michael Tuen, Maria Luisa Visciano, Peter C. Chien, Jr., Sandra Cohen, Pei-de Chen, James Robinson, Yuxian He, Abraham Pinter, Miroslaw K Gorny, and Catarina E Hioe. Characterization of Antibodies that Inhibit HIV gp120 Antigen Processing and Presentation. Eur. J. Immunol., 35(9):2541-2551, Sep 2005. PubMed ID: 16106369. Show all entries for this paper.

VanCott1994 T. C. VanCott, F. R. Bethke, V. R. Polonis, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, R. R. Redfield, and D. L. Birx. Dissociation Rate of Antibody-gp120 Binding Interactions Is Predictive of V3-Mediated Neutralization of HIV-1. J. Immunol., 153:449-459, 1994. Using surface plasmon resonance it was found that the rate of the dissociation of the MAb-gp120 complex, but not the association rate, correlated with MAbs ability to neutralize homologous virus (measured by 50\% inhibition of p24 production). Association constants were similar for all MAbs tested, varying less than 4-fold. Dissociation rate constants were quite variable, with 100-fold differences observed. PubMed ID: 7515931. Show all entries for this paper.

VanCott1995 T. C. VanCott, F. R. Bethke, D. S. Burke, R. R. Redfield, and D. L. Birx. Lack of Induction of Antibodies Specific for Conserved, Discontinuous Epitopes of HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein by Candidate AIDS Vaccines. J. Immunol., 155:4100-4110, 1995. The Ab response in both HIV-1 infected and uninfected volunteers immunized with HIV-1 rec envelope subunit vaccines (Genentech gp120IIIB, MicroGeneSys gp160IIIB, or ImmunoAG gp160IIIB) preferentially induced Abs reactive only to the denatured form of gp120. This may explain the inability of the vaccinee sera to neutralize primary HIV-1 isolates. PubMed ID: 7561123. Show all entries for this paper.

Visciano2008 Maria Luisa Visciano, Michael Tuen, Miroslaw K. Gorny, and Catarina E. Hioe. In Vivo Alteration of Humoral Responses to HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein gp120 by Antibodies to the CD4-Binding Site of gp120. Virology, 372(2):409-420, 15 Mar 2008. PubMed ID: 18054978. Show all entries for this paper.

Zhang2002 Peng Fei Zhang, Peter Bouma, Eun Ju Park, Joseph B. Margolick, James E. Robinson, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Michael N. Flora, and Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr. A Variable Region 3 (V3) Mutation Determines a Global Neutralization Phenotype and CD4-Independent Infectivity of a Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Associated with a Broadly Cross-Reactive, Primary Virus-Neutralizing Antibody Response. J. Virol., 76(2):644-655, Jan 2002. PubMed ID: 11752155. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1995 S. Zolla-Pazner, J. O'Leary, S. Burda, M. K. Gorny, M. Kim, J. Mascola, and F. McCutchan. Serotyping of primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolates from diverse geographic locations by flow cytometry. J. Virol., 69:3807-3815, 1995. A set of 13 human MAbs to a variety of epitopes were tested against a panel of primary isolates of HIV-1, representing different genetic clades. The V3 loop tended to be B clade restricted, and a single gp120 C-terminus binding antibody was clade specific. Two other gp120 C-terminus binding antibodies were group specific. PubMed ID: 7745728. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1997 S. Zolla-Pazner, C. Alving, R. Belshe, P. Berman, S. Burda, P. Chigurupati, M. L. Clements ML, A. M. Duliege, J. L. Excler, C. Hioe, J. Kahn, M. J. McElrath, S. Sharpe, F. Sinangil, K. Steimer, M. C. Walker, N. Wassef, and S. Xu. Neutralization of a clade B primary isolate by sera from human immunodeficiency virus-uninfected recipients of candidate AIDS vaccines. J. Infect. Dis., 175:764-774, 1997. Comment in J Infect Dis 1997 Nov;176(5):1410-2. Clade B primary isolate BZ167 was neutralized, using a new assay, by sera from HIV-uninfected volunteers in vaccine trials. PubMed ID: 9086128. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999a S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, P. N. Nyambi, T. C. VanCott, and A. Nadas. Immunotyping of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV): An Approach to Immunologic Classification of HIV. J. Virol., 73:4042-4051, 1999. 21 human anti-V3 MAbs were studied with respect to cross-clade reactivity and immunological relationship to other human anti-V3 MAbs. Broad cross-reactivities were observed, and V3 peptides were grouped into immunotypes that contained peptides from several clades. PubMed ID: 10196300. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999b S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and P. N. Nyambi. The implications of antigenic diversity for vaccine development. Immunol. Lett., 66:159-64, 1999. PubMed ID: 10203049. Show all entries for this paper.

Zwick2003a Michael B. Zwick, Robert Kelleher, Richard Jensen, Aran F. Labrijn, Meng Wang, Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr., Paul W. H. I. Parren, and Dennis R. Burton. A Novel Human Antibody against Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Is V1, V2, and V3 Loop Dependent and Helps Delimit the Epitope of the Broadly Neutralizing Antibody Immunoglobulin G1 b12. J. Virol., 77(12):6965-6978, Jun 2003. PubMed ID: 12768015. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 585

Download this epitope record as JSON.

MAb ID 450-D (450-D-3, 450D, 450)
HXB2 Location gp160(498-504)
DNA(7716..7736)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120(475-486 BH10)
Research Contact Susan Zolla-Pazner (Zollas01@mcrcr6.med.nyu), NYU Med Center, NY, NY
Epitope PTKAKRR Epitope Alignment
PTKAKRR epitope logo
Ab Type gp120 C5
Neutralizing  
Species (Isotype) human(IgG1λ)
Patient  
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords antibody binding site, antibody generation, dendritic cells, neutralization

Notes

Showing 15 of 15 notes.

References

Showing 16 of 16 references.

Isolation Paper
Karwowska1992 S. Karwowska, M. K. Gorny, A. Buchbinder, V. Gianakakos, C. Williams, T. Fuerst, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Production of human monoclonal antibodies specific for conformational and linear non-V3 epitopes of gp120. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 8:1099-1106, 1992. A single linear MAb was generated, to the immunodominant domain in the C-terminal portion of gp120. This antibody did not inhibit rCD4-rgp120 binding or neutralize IIIB or MN. Three conformational epitope binding MAbs were also described in this paper that could neutralize IIIB and MN. PubMed ID: 1380257. Show all entries for this paper.

Cook1994 D. G. Cook, J. Fantini, S. L. Spitalnik, and F. Gonzalez-Scarano. Binding of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 HIV-1 gp120 to Galactosylceramide (GalCer): Relationship to the V3 Loop. Virol., 201:206-214, 1994. Antibodies against GalCer can block infection of CD4-negative cells from the brain and colon that are susceptible to HIV infection. This paper explores the ability of a panel of MAbs to inhibit binding of gp120 to GalCer, and also of the binding of GalCer to inhibit MAb-gp120 interaction. MAbs to the V3 loop and GalCer showed mutual inhibition of binding to gp120, and anti-CD4 binding site MAbs showed reduced inhibition. N- and C-terminal MAbs didn't influence GalCer binding. PubMed ID: 8184533. Show all entries for this paper.

Durda1988 P. J. Durda, B. Leece, A. M. Jenoski, H. Rabin, A. Fisher, R. Gallo, and F. Wong-Staal. Characterization of Murine Monoclonal Antibodies to HIV-1 Induced by Synthetic Peptides. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 4:331-342, 1988. PubMed ID: 2848556. Show all entries for this paper.

Forthal1995 D. N. Forthal, G. Landucci, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and W. E. Robinson, Jr. Functional Activities of 20 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1)-Specific Human Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 11:1095-1099, 1995. A series of tests were performed on 20 human monoclonal antibodies to assess their potential therapeutic utility. Antibodies were tested for potentially harmful complement-mediated antibody enhancing activity (C-ADE), and for potentially beneficial neutralizing activity and antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity ADCC. PubMed ID: 8554906. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1994 M. K. Gorny, J. P. Moore, A. J. Conley, S. Karwowska, J. Sodroski, C. Williams, S. Burda, L. J. Boots, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Human Anti-V2 Monoclonal Antibody That Neutralizes Primary but Not Laboratory Isolates of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. J. Virol., 68:8312-8320, 1994. Detailed characterization of the MAb 697-D. PubMed ID: 7525987. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe1997b C. E. Hioe, S. Xu, P. Chigurupati, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Neutralization of HIV-1 Primary Isolates by Polyclonal and Monoclonal Human Antibodies. Int. Immunol., 9(9):1281-1290, Sep 1997. PubMed ID: 9310831. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe2000 C. E. Hioe, G. J. Jones, A. D. Rees, S. Ratto-Kim, D. Birx, C. Munz, M. K. Gorny, M. Tuen, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Anti-CD4-Binding Domain Antibodies Complexed with HIV Type 1 Glycoprotein 120 Inhibit CD4+ T Cell-Proliferative Responses to Glycoprotein 120. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 16:893-905, 2000. PubMed ID: 10875615. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe2001 C. E. Hioe, M. Tuen, P. C. Chien, Jr., G. Jones, S. Ratto-Kim, P. J. Norris, W. J. Moretto, D. F. Nixon, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Inhibition of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp120 presentation to CD4 T cells by antibodies specific for the CD4 binding domain of gp120. J. Virol., 75(22):10950--7, Nov 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/22/10950. PubMed ID: 11602735. Show all entries for this paper.

Holl2006 Vincent Holl, Maryse Peressin, Thomas Decoville, Sylvie Schmidt, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Anne-Marie Aubertin, and Christiane Moog. Nonneutralizing Antibodies Are Able To Inhibit Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication in Macrophages and Immature Dendritic Cells. J. Virol., 80(12):6177-6181, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16731957. Show all entries for this paper.

Karwowska1992a S. Karwowska, M. K. Gorny, A. Buchbinder, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Type-specific human monoclonal antibodies cross-react with the V3-loop of various HIV-1 isolates. Vaccines 92, :171-174, 1992. Editors: F. Brown, H. S. Ginsberg and R. Lerner, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY. Show all entries for this paper.

Laal1994 Suman Laal, Sherri Burda, Miroslav K. Gorny, Sylwia Karwowska, Aby Buchbinder, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Synergistic Neutralization of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 by Combinations of Human Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 68(6):4001-4008, Jun 1994. PubMed ID: 7514683. Show all entries for this paper.

Li1997 A. Li, T. W. Baba, J. Sodroski, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, J. Robinson, M. R. Posner, H. Katinger, C. F. Barbas III, D. R. Burton, T.-C. Chou, and R. M Ruprecht. Synergistic Neutralization of a Chimeric SIV/HIV Type 1 Virus with Combinations of Human Anti-HIV Type 1 Envelope Monoclonal Antibodies or Hyperimmune Globulins. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 13:647-656, 1997. Multiple combinations of MAbs were tested for their ability to synergize neutralization of a SHIV construct containing HIV IIIB env. All of the MAb combinations tried were synergistic, suggesting such combinations may be useful for passive immunotherapy or immunoprophylaxis. Because SHIV can replicate in rhesus macaques, such approaches can potentially be studied in an it in vivo monkey model. PubMed ID: 9168233. Show all entries for this paper.

Manca1995 F. Manca, D. Fenoglio, M. T. Valle, G. L. Pira, A. Kunkl, R. S. Balderas, R. G. Baccala, D. H. Kono, A. Ferraris, D. Saverino, F. Lancia, L. Lozzi, and A. N. Theofilopoulos. Human T helper cells specific for HIV reverse transcriptase: possible role in intrastructural help for HIV envelope-specific antibodies. Eur. J. Immunol., 25:1217-1223, 1995. PubMed ID: 7539750. Show all entries for this paper.

Spear1993 G. T. Spear, D. M. Takefman, B. L. Sullivan, A. L. Landay, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Complement activation by human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol., 67:53-59, 1993. This study looked at the ability of 16 human MAbs to activate complement. MAbs directed against the V3 region could induce C3 deposition on infected cells and virolysis of free virus, but antibodies to the CD4BS and C-terminal region and two regions in gp41 could induce no complement mediated effects. Pre-treatment with sCD4 could increase complement-mediated effects of anti-gp41 MAbs, but decreased the complement-mediated effects of V3 MAbs. Anti-gp41 MAbs were able to affect IIIB but not MN virolysis, suggesting spontaneous shedding of gp120 on IIIB virions exposes gp41 epitopes. IgG isotype did not appear to have an effect on virolysis or C3 deposition. PubMed ID: 7677959. Show all entries for this paper.

Verrier2001 F. Verrier, A. Nadas, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Additive effects characterize the interaction of antibodies involved in neutralization of the primary dualtropic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolate 89.6. J. Virol., 75(19):9177--86, Oct 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/19/9177. PubMed ID: 11533181. Show all entries for this paper.

Visciano2008a Maria Luisa Visciano, Michael Tuen, Pei-de Chen, and Catarina E. Hioe. Antibodies to the CD4-Binding Site of HIV-1 gp120 Suppress gp120-Specific CD4 T Cell Response while Enhancing Antibody Response. Infect. Agent. Cancer., 3:11, 2008. PubMed ID: 18638381. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 783

Download this epitope record as JSON.

MAb ID 246-D (SZ-246.D, 246, 246D)
HXB2 Location gp160(590-597)
DNA(7992..8015)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp41(gp41 579-604 HXB2)
Research Contact Susan Zolla-Pazner (Zollas01@mcrcr6.med.nyu), NYU Med Center, NY, NY
Epitope QQLLGIWG Epitope Alignment
QQLLGIWG epitope logo
Subtype B
Ab Type gp41 cluster I
Neutralizing no
Species (Isotype) human(IgG1κ)
Patient  
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords ADCC, antibody binding site, antibody generation, antibody interactions, antibody sequence, binding affinity, complement, dendritic cells, enhancing activity, kinetics, neutralization, polyclonal antibodies, review, SIV, structure, subtype comparisons, vaccine antigen design, vaccine-induced immune responses, variant cross-reactivity, viral fitness and reversion

Notes

Showing 40 of 40 notes.

References

Showing 40 of 40 references.

Isolation Paper
Robinson1991 W. E. Robinson, M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, W. M. Mitchell, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Two Immunodominant Domains of gp41 Bind Antibodies Which Enhance Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection In Vitro. J. Virol., 65:4169-4176, 1991. PubMed ID: 2072448. Show all entries for this paper.

Cai2017 Yongfei Cai, Selen Karaca-Griffin, Jia Chen, Sai Tian, Nicholas Fredette, Christine E. Linton, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Jianming Lu, Kshitij Wagh, James Theiler, Bette Korber, Michael S. Seaman, Stephen C. Harrison, Andrea Carfi, and Bing Chen. Antigenicity-Defined Conformations of an Extremely Neutralization-Resistant HIV-1 Envelope Spike. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 114(17):4477-4482, 25 Apr 2017. PubMed ID: 28396421. Show all entries for this paper.

Chen2015 Jia Chen, James M. Kovacs, Hanqin Peng, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Jianming Lu, Donghyun Park, Elise Zablowsky, Michael S. Seaman, and Bing Chen. Effect of the Cytoplasmic Domain on Antigenic Characteristics of HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein. Science, 349(6244):191-195, 10 Jul 2015. PubMed ID: 26113642. Show all entries for this paper.

Earl1997 P. L. Earl, C. C. Broder, R. W. Doms, and B. Moss. Epitope map of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp41 derived from 47 monoclonal antibodies produced by immunization with oligomeric envelope protein. J. Virol., 71:2674-84, 1997. PubMed ID: 9060620. Show all entries for this paper.

Eddleston1993 M. Eddleston, J. C. de la Torre, J.-Y. Xu, N. Dorfman, A. Notkins, S. Zolla-Pazner, and M. B. A. Oldstone. Molecular Mimicry Accompanying HIV-1 Infection: Human Monoclonal Antibodies That Bind to gp41 and to Astrocytes. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 10:939-944, 1993. In this paper, three anti-HIV-1 gp41 specific MAbs were found to react with astrocytes: 98-6, 167-7 and 15G1. Reactive astrocytes in the hippocampus were most prominently involved, and the antibodies stained no other cell type in the brain, kidney or liver. All three mapped to a conformationally dependent epitope between aa 644-663. PubMed ID: 7506553. Show all entries for this paper.

EdwardsBH2002 Bradley H. Edwards, Anju Bansal, Steffanie Sabbaj, Janna Bakari, Mark J. Mulligan, and Paul A. Goepfert. Magnitude of Functional CD8+ T-Cell Responses to the Gag Protein of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Correlates Inversely with Viral Load in Plasma. J. Virol., 76(5):2298-2305, Mar 2002. PubMed ID: 11836408. Show all entries for this paper.

Finnegan2002 Catherine M. Finnegan, Werner Berg, George K. Lewis, and Anthony L. DeVico. Antigenic Properties of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transmembrane Glycoprotein during Cell-Cell Fusion. J. Virol., 76(23):12123-12134, Dec 2002. PubMed ID: 12414953. Show all entries for this paper.

Follis2002 Kathryn E. Follis, Scott J. Larson, Min Lu, and Jack H. Nunberg. Genetic Evidence that Interhelical Packing Interactions in the gp41 Core Are Critical for Transition of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Glycoprotein to the Fusion-Active State. J. Virol., 76(14):7356-7362, Jul 2002. PubMed ID: 12072535. Show all entries for this paper.

Forthal1995 D. N. Forthal, G. Landucci, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and W. E. Robinson, Jr. Functional Activities of 20 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1)-Specific Human Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 11:1095-1099, 1995. A series of tests were performed on 20 human monoclonal antibodies to assess their potential therapeutic utility. Antibodies were tested for potentially harmful complement-mediated antibody enhancing activity (C-ADE), and for potentially beneficial neutralizing activity and antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity ADCC. PubMed ID: 8554906. Show all entries for this paper.

Frey2008 Gary Frey, Hanqin Peng, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Marco Morelli, Yifan Cheng, and Bing Chen. A Fusion-Intermediate State of HIV-1 gp41 Targeted by Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 105(10):3739-3744, 11 Mar 2008. PubMed ID: 18322015. Show all entries for this paper.

Frey2010 Gary Frey, Jia Chen, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Michael M. Freeman, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Bing Chen. Distinct Conformational States of HIV-1 gp41 Are Recognized by Neutralizing and Non-Neutralizing Antibodies. Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol., 17(12):1486-1491, Dec 2010. PubMed ID: 21076402. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2000a M. K. Gorny and S. Zolla-Pazner. Recognition by Human Monoclonal Antibodies of Free and Complexed Peptides Representing the Prefusogenic and Fusogenic Forms of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp41. J. Virol., 74:6186-6192, 2000. PubMed ID: 10846104. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2002 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Sandra Cohen, Victoria R. Polonis, William J. Honnen, Samuel C. Kayman, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies Specific for Conformation-Sensitive Epitopes of V3 Neutralize Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolates from Various Clades. J. Virol., 76(18):9035-9045, Sep 2002. PubMed ID: 12186887. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2009 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Bradley Witover, Sherri Burda, Mateusz Urbanski, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Arthur Nadas. Preferential Use of the VH5-51 Gene Segment by the Human Immune Response to Code for Antibodies against the V3 Domain of HIV-1. Mol. Immunol., 46(5):917-926, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 18952295. Show all entries for this paper.

Harada2008 Shinji Harada, Kazuaki Monde, Yuetsu Tanaka, Tetsuya Kimura, Yosuke Maeda, and Keisuke Yusa. Neutralizing Antibodies Decrease the Envelope Fluidity of HIV-1. Virology, 370(1):142-150, 5 Jan 2008. PubMed ID: 17900650. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe1997b C. E. Hioe, S. Xu, P. Chigurupati, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Neutralization of HIV-1 Primary Isolates by Polyclonal and Monoclonal Human Antibodies. Int. Immunol., 9(9):1281-1290, Sep 1997. PubMed ID: 9310831. Show all entries for this paper.

Holl2006 Vincent Holl, Maryse Peressin, Thomas Decoville, Sylvie Schmidt, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Anne-Marie Aubertin, and Christiane Moog. Nonneutralizing Antibodies Are Able To Inhibit Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication in Macrophages and Immature Dendritic Cells. J. Virol., 80(12):6177-6181, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16731957. Show all entries for this paper.

Joshi2020 Vinita R. Joshi, Ruchi M. Newman, Melissa L. Pack, Karen A. Power, James B. Munro, Ken Okawa, Navid Madani, Joseph G. Sodroski, Aaron G. Schmidt, and Todd M. Allen. Gp41-targeted antibodies restore infectivity of a fusion-deficient HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein. PLoS Pathog, 16(5):e1008577 doi, May 2020. PubMed ID: 32392227 Show all entries for this paper.

Kalia2005 Vandana Kalia, Surojit Sarkar, Phalguni Gupta, and Ronald C. Montelaro. Antibody Neutralization Escape Mediated by Point Mutations in the Intracytoplasmic Tail of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp41. J. Virol., 79(4):2097-2107, Feb 2005. PubMed ID: 15681412. Show all entries for this paper.

Kimura2009 Tetsuya Kimura, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Miroslaw K. Gorny. Human Monoclonal Antibody 2909 Binds to Pseudovirions Expressing Trimers but not Monomeric HIV-1 Envelope Proteins. Hum. Antibodies, 18(1-2):35-40, 2009. PubMed ID: 19478397. Show all entries for this paper.

Ling2004 Hong Ling, Peng Xiao, Osamu Usami, and Toshio Hattori. Thrombin Activates Envelope Glycoproteins of HIV Type 1 and Enhances Fusion. Microbes Infect., 6(5):414-420, Apr 2004. PubMed ID: 15109955. Show all entries for this paper.

Manca1995 F. Manca, D. Fenoglio, M. T. Valle, G. L. Pira, A. Kunkl, R. S. Balderas, R. G. Baccala, D. H. Kono, A. Ferraris, D. Saverino, F. Lancia, L. Lozzi, and A. N. Theofilopoulos. Human T helper cells specific for HIV reverse transcriptase: possible role in intrastructural help for HIV envelope-specific antibodies. Eur. J. Immunol., 25:1217-1223, 1995. PubMed ID: 7539750. Show all entries for this paper.

Mitchell1998 W. M. Mitchell, L. Ding, and J. Gabriel. Inactivation of a Common Epitope Responsible for the Induction of Antibody-Dependent Enhancement of HIV. AIDS, 12:147-156, 1998. PubMed ID: 9468363. Show all entries for this paper.

Moog2014 C. Moog, N. Dereuddre-Bosquet, J.-L. Teillaud, M. E. Biedma, V. Holl, G. Van Ham, L. Heyndrickx, A. Van Dorsselaer, D. Katinger, B. Vcelar, S. Zolla-Pazner, I. Mangeot, C. Kelly, R. J. Shattock, and R. Le Grand. Protective Effect of Vaginal Application of Neutralizing and Nonneutralizing Inhibitory Antibodies Against Vaginal SHIV Challenge in Macaques. Mucosal Immunol., 7(1):46-56, Jan 2014. PubMed ID: 23591718. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi2000 P. N. Nyambi, H. A. Mbah, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, A. Nadas, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Conserved and Exposed Epitopes on Intact, Native, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virions of Group M. J. Virol., 74:7096-7107, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888650. Show all entries for this paper.

Peressin2011 M. Peressin, V. Holl, S. Schmidt, T. Decoville, D. Mirisky, A. Lederle, M. Delaporte, K. Xu, A. M. Aubertin, and C. Moog. HIV-1 Replication in Langerhans and Interstitial Dendritic Cells Is Inhibited by Neutralizing and Fc-Mediated Inhibitory Antibodies. J. Virol., 85(2):1077-1085, Jan 2011. PubMed ID: 21084491. Show all entries for this paper.

Perez2009 Lautaro G. Perez, Matthew R. Costa, Christopher A. Todd, Barton F. Haynes, and David C. Montefiori. Utilization of Immunoglobulin G Fc Receptors by Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1: A Specific Role for Antibodies against the Membrane-Proximal External Region of gp41. J. Virol., 83(15):7397-7410, Aug 2009. PubMed ID: 19458010. Show all entries for this paper.

Pollara2013 Justin Pollara, Mattia Bonsignori, M. Anthony Moody, Marzena Pazgier, Barton F. Haynes, and Guido Ferrari. Epitope Specificity of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Antibody Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity (ADCC) Responses. Curr. HIV Res., 11(5):378-387, Jul 2013. PubMed ID: 24191939. Show all entries for this paper.

Saarloos1995 M. N. Saarloos, T. F. Lint, and G. T. Spear. Efficacy of HIV-Specific and `Antibody-Independent' Mechanisms for Complement Activation by HIV-Infected Cells. Clin. Exp. Immunol., 99:189-195, 1995. PubMed ID: 7851010. Show all entries for this paper.

Spear1993 G. T. Spear, D. M. Takefman, B. L. Sullivan, A. L. Landay, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Complement activation by human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol., 67:53-59, 1993. This study looked at the ability of 16 human MAbs to activate complement. MAbs directed against the V3 region could induce C3 deposition on infected cells and virolysis of free virus, but antibodies to the CD4BS and C-terminal region and two regions in gp41 could induce no complement mediated effects. Pre-treatment with sCD4 could increase complement-mediated effects of anti-gp41 MAbs, but decreased the complement-mediated effects of V3 MAbs. Anti-gp41 MAbs were able to affect IIIB but not MN virolysis, suggesting spontaneous shedding of gp120 on IIIB virions exposes gp41 epitopes. IgG isotype did not appear to have an effect on virolysis or C3 deposition. PubMed ID: 7677959. Show all entries for this paper.

Usami2005 Osamu Usami, Peng Xiao, Hong Ling, Yi Liu, Tadashi Nakasone, and Toshio Hattori. Properties of Anti-gp41 Core Structure Antibodies, Which Compete with Sera of HIV-1-Infected Patients. Microbes Infect., 7(4):650-657, Apr 2005. PubMed ID: 15823513. Show all entries for this paper.

Verrier2001 F. Verrier, A. Nadas, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Additive effects characterize the interaction of antibodies involved in neutralization of the primary dualtropic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolate 89.6. J. Virol., 75(19):9177--86, Oct 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/19/9177. PubMed ID: 11533181. Show all entries for this paper.

Vincent2008 Nadine Vincent, Amadou Kone, Blandine Chanut, Frédéric Lucht, Christian Genin, and Etienne Malvoisin. Antibodies Purified from Sera of HIV-1-Infected Patients by Affinity on the Heptad Repeat Region 1/Heptad Repeat Region 2 Complex of gp41 Neutralize HIV-1 Primary Isolates. AIDS, 22(16):2075-2085, 18 Oct 2008. PubMed ID: 18832871. Show all entries for this paper.

Vincent2012 Nadine Vincent and Etienne Malvoisin. Ability of Antibodies Specific to the HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein to Block the Fusion Inhibitor T20 in a Cell-Cell Fusion Assay. Immunobiology, 217(10):943-950, Oct 2012. PubMed ID: 22387075. Show all entries for this paper.

Willey2011 Suzanne Willey, Marlén M. I. Aasa-Chapman, Stephen O'Farrell, Pierre Pellegrino, Ian Williams, Robin A. Weiss, and Stuart J. D. Neil. Extensive Complement-Dependent Enhancement of HIV-1 by Autologous Non-Neutralising Antibodies at Early Stages of Infection. Retrovirology, 8:16, 2011. PubMed ID: 21401915. Show all entries for this paper.

Witt2017 Kristen C. Witt, Luis Castillo-Menendez, Haitao Ding, Nicole Espy, Shijian Zhang, John C. Kappes, and Joseph Sodroski. Antigenic Characterization of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1) Envelope Glycoprotein Precursor Incorporated into Nanodiscs. PLoS One, 12(2):e0170672, 2017. PubMed ID: 28151945. Show all entries for this paper.

Xu1991 J.-Y. Xu, M. K. Gorny, T. Palker, S. Karwowska, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Epitope mapping of two immunodominant domains of gp41, the transmembrane protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1, using ten human monoclonal antibodies. J. Virol., 65:4832-4838, 1991. The immunodominance of linear epitope in the region 590-600 of gp41 (cluster I) was established, and a second conformational epitope was mapped that reacted with a region between amino acids 644 and 663 (cluster II). Titration experiments showed that there was 100-fold more antibody to cluster I than cluster II in patient sera. PubMed ID: 1714520. Show all entries for this paper.

Yates2018 Nicole L. Yates, Allan C. deCamp, Bette T. Korber, Hua-Xin Liao, Carmela Irene, Abraham Pinter, James Peacock, Linda J. Harris, Sheetal Sawant, Peter Hraber, Xiaoying Shen, Supachai Rerks-Ngarm, Punnee Pitisuttithum, Sorachai Nitayapan, Phillip W. Berman, Merlin L. Robb, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Barton F. Haynes, S. Munir Alam, David C. Montefiori, and Georgia D. Tomaras. HIV-1 Envelope Glycoproteins from Diverse Clades Differentiate Antibody Responses and Durability among Vaccinees. J. Virol., 92(8), 15 Apr 2018. PubMed ID: 29386288. Show all entries for this paper.

Yuan2009 Wen Yuan, Xing Li, Marta Kasterka, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Joseph Sodroski. Oligomer-Specific Conformations of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1) gp41 Envelope Glycoprotein Ectodomain Recognized by Human Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 25(3):319-328, Mar 2009. PubMed ID: 19292593. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 778

Download this epitope record as JSON.

MAb ID 240-D (240D)
HXB2 Location gp160(592-600)
DNA(7998..8024)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp41(592-600 HXB2)
Research Contact Susan Zolla-Pazner (Zollas01@mcrcr6.med.nyu), NYU, NY
Epitope LLGIWGCSG Epitope Alignment
LLGIWGCSG epitope logo
Subtype B
Ab Type gp41 cluster I
Neutralizing no
Species (Isotype) human
Patient  
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords ADCC, antibody binding site, antibody interactions, antibody polyreactivity, antibody sequence, binding affinity, complement, dendritic cells, enhancing activity, kinetics, neutralization, review, structure, subtype comparisons, vaccine antigen design, vaccine-induced immune responses, variant cross-reactivity, viral fitness and reversion

Notes

Showing 24 of 24 notes.

References

Showing 24 of 24 references.

Isolation Paper
Robinson1991 W. E. Robinson, M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, W. M. Mitchell, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Two Immunodominant Domains of gp41 Bind Antibodies Which Enhance Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection In Vitro. J. Virol., 65:4169-4176, 1991. PubMed ID: 2072448. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley1996 J. M. Binley, H. J. Ditzel, C. F. Barbas III, N. Sullivan, J. Sodroski, P. W. H. I. Parren, and D. R. Burton. Human Antibody Responses to HIV Type 1 Glycoprotein 41 Cloned in Phage Display Libraries Suggest Three Major Epitopes Are Recognized and Give Evidence for Conserved Antibody Motifs in Antigen Binding. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 12:911-924, 1996. A panel of anti-gp41 human Fab fragments were generated by panning phage display antibody libraries prepared from HIV-1 positive donors with rgp41. Fabs tended to be directed against three epitopes, designated clusters I-III. None were neutralizing. A common CDR3 motif was found in several of the heavy chain sequences. PubMed ID: 8798976. Show all entries for this paper.

Cai2017 Yongfei Cai, Selen Karaca-Griffin, Jia Chen, Sai Tian, Nicholas Fredette, Christine E. Linton, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Jianming Lu, Kshitij Wagh, James Theiler, Bette Korber, Michael S. Seaman, Stephen C. Harrison, Andrea Carfi, and Bing Chen. Antigenicity-Defined Conformations of an Extremely Neutralization-Resistant HIV-1 Envelope Spike. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 114(17):4477-4482, 25 Apr 2017. PubMed ID: 28396421. Show all entries for this paper.

Chen2015 Jia Chen, James M. Kovacs, Hanqin Peng, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Jianming Lu, Donghyun Park, Elise Zablowsky, Michael S. Seaman, and Bing Chen. Effect of the Cytoplasmic Domain on Antigenic Characteristics of HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein. Science, 349(6244):191-195, 10 Jul 2015. PubMed ID: 26113642. Show all entries for this paper.

Dennison2011a S. Moses Dennison, Kara Anasti, Richard M. Scearce, Laura Sutherland, Robert Parks, Shi-Mao Xia, Hua-Xin Liao, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Barton F. Haynes, and S. Munir Alam. Nonneutralizing HIV-1 gp41 Envelope Cluster II Human Monoclonal Antibodies Show Polyreactivity for Binding to Phospholipids and Protein Autoantigens. J. Virol., 85(3):1340-1347, Feb 2011. PubMed ID: 21106741. Show all entries for this paper.

Finnegan2002 Catherine M. Finnegan, Werner Berg, George K. Lewis, and Anthony L. DeVico. Antigenic Properties of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transmembrane Glycoprotein during Cell-Cell Fusion. J. Virol., 76(23):12123-12134, Dec 2002. PubMed ID: 12414953. Show all entries for this paper.

Frey2008 Gary Frey, Hanqin Peng, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Marco Morelli, Yifan Cheng, and Bing Chen. A Fusion-Intermediate State of HIV-1 gp41 Targeted by Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 105(10):3739-3744, 11 Mar 2008. PubMed ID: 18322015. Show all entries for this paper.

Frey2010 Gary Frey, Jia Chen, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Michael M. Freeman, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Bing Chen. Distinct Conformational States of HIV-1 gp41 Are Recognized by Neutralizing and Non-Neutralizing Antibodies. Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol., 17(12):1486-1491, Dec 2010. PubMed ID: 21076402. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2009 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Bradley Witover, Sherri Burda, Mateusz Urbanski, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Arthur Nadas. Preferential Use of the VH5-51 Gene Segment by the Human Immune Response to Code for Antibodies against the V3 Domain of HIV-1. Mol. Immunol., 46(5):917-926, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 18952295. Show all entries for this paper.

Holl2006 Vincent Holl, Maryse Peressin, Thomas Decoville, Sylvie Schmidt, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Anne-Marie Aubertin, and Christiane Moog. Nonneutralizing Antibodies Are Able To Inhibit Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication in Macrophages and Immature Dendritic Cells. J. Virol., 80(12):6177-6181, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16731957. Show all entries for this paper.

Mitchell1998 W. M. Mitchell, L. Ding, and J. Gabriel. Inactivation of a Common Epitope Responsible for the Induction of Antibody-Dependent Enhancement of HIV. AIDS, 12:147-156, 1998. PubMed ID: 9468363. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi2000 P. N. Nyambi, H. A. Mbah, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, A. Nadas, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Conserved and Exposed Epitopes on Intact, Native, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virions of Group M. J. Virol., 74:7096-7107, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888650. Show all entries for this paper.

Perez2009 Lautaro G. Perez, Matthew R. Costa, Christopher A. Todd, Barton F. Haynes, and David C. Montefiori. Utilization of Immunoglobulin G Fc Receptors by Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1: A Specific Role for Antibodies against the Membrane-Proximal External Region of gp41. J. Virol., 83(15):7397-7410, Aug 2009. PubMed ID: 19458010. Show all entries for this paper.

Spear1993 G. T. Spear, D. M. Takefman, B. L. Sullivan, A. L. Landay, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Complement activation by human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol., 67:53-59, 1993. This study looked at the ability of 16 human MAbs to activate complement. MAbs directed against the V3 region could induce C3 deposition on infected cells and virolysis of free virus, but antibodies to the CD4BS and C-terminal region and two regions in gp41 could induce no complement mediated effects. Pre-treatment with sCD4 could increase complement-mediated effects of anti-gp41 MAbs, but decreased the complement-mediated effects of V3 MAbs. Anti-gp41 MAbs were able to affect IIIB but not MN virolysis, suggesting spontaneous shedding of gp120 on IIIB virions exposes gp41 epitopes. IgG isotype did not appear to have an effect on virolysis or C3 deposition. PubMed ID: 7677959. Show all entries for this paper.

Vincent2008 Nadine Vincent, Amadou Kone, Blandine Chanut, Frédéric Lucht, Christian Genin, and Etienne Malvoisin. Antibodies Purified from Sera of HIV-1-Infected Patients by Affinity on the Heptad Repeat Region 1/Heptad Repeat Region 2 Complex of gp41 Neutralize HIV-1 Primary Isolates. AIDS, 22(16):2075-2085, 18 Oct 2008. PubMed ID: 18832871. Show all entries for this paper.

Vincent2012 Nadine Vincent and Etienne Malvoisin. Ability of Antibodies Specific to the HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein to Block the Fusion Inhibitor T20 in a Cell-Cell Fusion Assay. Immunobiology, 217(10):943-950, Oct 2012. PubMed ID: 22387075. Show all entries for this paper.

vonBredow2016 Benjamin von Bredow, Juan F. Arias, Lisa N. Heyer, Brian Moldt, Khoa Le, James E. Robinson, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Dennis R. Burton, and David T. Evans. Comparison of Antibody-Dependent Cell-Mediated Cytotoxicity and Virus Neutralization by HIV-1 Env-Specific Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 90(13):6127-6139, 1 Jul 2016. PubMed ID: 27122574. Show all entries for this paper.

Wisnewski1995 A. Wisnewski, L. Cavacini, G. Kingsbury, D. Sadden, and M. Posner. Anti-HIV Human Monoclonal Antibody Variable Region Gene Usage. J. Cell Biochem., supple 21 B:229, 1995. Show all entries for this paper.

Wisnewski1996 A. Wisnewski, L. Cavacini, and M. Posner. Human antibody variable region gene usage in HIV-1 infection. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr. Hum. Retrovirol., 11:31-38, 1996. PubMed ID: 8528730. Show all entries for this paper.

Xu1991 J.-Y. Xu, M. K. Gorny, T. Palker, S. Karwowska, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Epitope mapping of two immunodominant domains of gp41, the transmembrane protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1, using ten human monoclonal antibodies. J. Virol., 65:4832-4838, 1991. The immunodominance of linear epitope in the region 590-600 of gp41 (cluster I) was established, and a second conformational epitope was mapped that reacted with a region between amino acids 644 and 663 (cluster II). Titration experiments showed that there was 100-fold more antibody to cluster I than cluster II in patient sera. PubMed ID: 1714520. Show all entries for this paper.

Yates2018 Nicole L. Yates, Allan C. deCamp, Bette T. Korber, Hua-Xin Liao, Carmela Irene, Abraham Pinter, James Peacock, Linda J. Harris, Sheetal Sawant, Peter Hraber, Xiaoying Shen, Supachai Rerks-Ngarm, Punnee Pitisuttithum, Sorachai Nitayapan, Phillip W. Berman, Merlin L. Robb, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Barton F. Haynes, S. Munir Alam, David C. Montefiori, and Georgia D. Tomaras. HIV-1 Envelope Glycoproteins from Diverse Clades Differentiate Antibody Responses and Durability among Vaccinees. J. Virol., 92(8), 15 Apr 2018. PubMed ID: 29386288. Show all entries for this paper.

Yuan2009 Wen Yuan, Xing Li, Marta Kasterka, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Joseph Sodroski. Oligomer-Specific Conformations of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1) gp41 Envelope Glycoprotein Ectodomain Recognized by Human Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 25(3):319-328, Mar 2009. PubMed ID: 19292593. Show all entries for this paper.

Joshi2020 Vinita R. Joshi, Ruchi M. Newman, Melissa L. Pack, Karen A. Power, James B. Munro, Ken Okawa, Navid Madani, Joseph G. Sodroski, Aaron G. Schmidt, and Todd M. Allen. Gp41-targeted antibodies restore infectivity of a fusion-deficient HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein. PLoS Pathog, 16(5):e1008577 doi, May 2020. PubMed ID: 32392227 Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 811

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MAb ID 167-D (167)
HXB2 Location gp160(644-663)
DNA(8154..8213)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp41(644-663 HXB2)
Research Contact Susan Zolla-Pazner (Zollas01@mcrcr6.med.nyu), NYU, NY
Epitope SLIEESQNQQEKNEQELLEL Epitope Alignment
SLIEESQNQQEKNEQELLEL epitope logo
Subtype B
Ab Type gp41 cluster II, gp41 six-helix bundle
Neutralizing  
Species (Isotype) human(IgG1λ)
Patient  
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords antibody binding site, antibody interactions, antibody polyreactivity, binding affinity, complement, dendritic cells, enhancing activity, neutralization, review, structure, subtype comparisons, vaccine antigen design, vaccine-induced immune responses, variant cross-reactivity

Notes

Showing 15 of 15 notes.

References

Showing 14 of 14 references.

Alam2008 S. Munir Alam, Richard M. Scearce, Robert J. Parks, Kelly Plonk, Steven G. Plonk, Laura L. Sutherland, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Stacie VanLeeuwen, M. Anthony Moody, Shi-Mao Xia, David C. Montefiori, Georgia D. Tomaras, Kent J. Weinhold, Salim Abdool Karim, Charles B. Hicks, Hua-Xin Liao, James Robinson, George M. Shaw, and Barton F. Haynes. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp41 Antibodies That Mask Membrane Proximal Region Epitopes: Antibody Binding Kinetics, Induction, and Potential for Regulation in Acute Infection. J. Virol., 82(1):115-125, Jan 2008. PubMed ID: 17942537. Show all entries for this paper.

Chen2015 Jia Chen, James M. Kovacs, Hanqin Peng, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Jianming Lu, Donghyun Park, Elise Zablowsky, Michael S. Seaman, and Bing Chen. Effect of the Cytoplasmic Domain on Antigenic Characteristics of HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein. Science, 349(6244):191-195, 10 Jul 2015. PubMed ID: 26113642. Show all entries for this paper.

Dennison2011a S. Moses Dennison, Kara Anasti, Richard M. Scearce, Laura Sutherland, Robert Parks, Shi-Mao Xia, Hua-Xin Liao, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Barton F. Haynes, and S. Munir Alam. Nonneutralizing HIV-1 gp41 Envelope Cluster II Human Monoclonal Antibodies Show Polyreactivity for Binding to Phospholipids and Protein Autoantigens. J. Virol., 85(3):1340-1347, Feb 2011. PubMed ID: 21106741. Show all entries for this paper.

Forthal1995 D. N. Forthal, G. Landucci, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and W. E. Robinson, Jr. Functional Activities of 20 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1)-Specific Human Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 11:1095-1099, 1995. A series of tests were performed on 20 human monoclonal antibodies to assess their potential therapeutic utility. Antibodies were tested for potentially harmful complement-mediated antibody enhancing activity (C-ADE), and for potentially beneficial neutralizing activity and antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity ADCC. PubMed ID: 8554906. Show all entries for this paper.

Frey2010 Gary Frey, Jia Chen, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Michael M. Freeman, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Bing Chen. Distinct Conformational States of HIV-1 gp41 Are Recognized by Neutralizing and Non-Neutralizing Antibodies. Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol., 17(12):1486-1491, Dec 2010. PubMed ID: 21076402. Show all entries for this paper.

GoldingH2002 Hana Golding, Marina Zaitseva, Eve de Rosny, Lisa R. King, Jody Manischewitz, Igor Sidorov, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Dimiter S. Dimitrov, and Carol D. Weiss. Dissection of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Entry with Neutralizing Antibodies to gp41 Fusion Intermediates. J. Virol., 76(13):6780-6790, Jul 2002. PubMed ID: 12050391. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2000a M. K. Gorny and S. Zolla-Pazner. Recognition by Human Monoclonal Antibodies of Free and Complexed Peptides Representing the Prefusogenic and Fusogenic Forms of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp41. J. Virol., 74:6186-6192, 2000. PubMed ID: 10846104. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2000b M. K. Gorny, T. C. VanCott, C. Williams, K. Revesz, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Effects of oligomerization on the epitopes of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoproteins. Virology, 267:220-8, 2000. PubMed ID: 10662617. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Holl2006 Vincent Holl, Maryse Peressin, Thomas Decoville, Sylvie Schmidt, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Anne-Marie Aubertin, and Christiane Moog. Nonneutralizing Antibodies Are Able To Inhibit Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication in Macrophages and Immature Dendritic Cells. J. Virol., 80(12):6177-6181, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16731957. Show all entries for this paper.

Manca1995 F. Manca, D. Fenoglio, M. T. Valle, G. L. Pira, A. Kunkl, R. S. Balderas, R. G. Baccala, D. H. Kono, A. Ferraris, D. Saverino, F. Lancia, L. Lozzi, and A. N. Theofilopoulos. Human T helper cells specific for HIV reverse transcriptase: possible role in intrastructural help for HIV envelope-specific antibodies. Eur. J. Immunol., 25:1217-1223, 1995. PubMed ID: 7539750. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi2000 P. N. Nyambi, H. A. Mbah, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, A. Nadas, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Conserved and Exposed Epitopes on Intact, Native, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virions of Group M. J. Virol., 74:7096-7107, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888650. Show all entries for this paper.

Spear1993 G. T. Spear, D. M. Takefman, B. L. Sullivan, A. L. Landay, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Complement activation by human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol., 67:53-59, 1993. This study looked at the ability of 16 human MAbs to activate complement. MAbs directed against the V3 region could induce C3 deposition on infected cells and virolysis of free virus, but antibodies to the CD4BS and C-terminal region and two regions in gp41 could induce no complement mediated effects. Pre-treatment with sCD4 could increase complement-mediated effects of anti-gp41 MAbs, but decreased the complement-mediated effects of V3 MAbs. Anti-gp41 MAbs were able to affect IIIB but not MN virolysis, suggesting spontaneous shedding of gp120 on IIIB virions exposes gp41 epitopes. IgG isotype did not appear to have an effect on virolysis or C3 deposition. PubMed ID: 7677959. Show all entries for this paper.

Yates2018 Nicole L. Yates, Allan C. deCamp, Bette T. Korber, Hua-Xin Liao, Carmela Irene, Abraham Pinter, James Peacock, Linda J. Harris, Sheetal Sawant, Peter Hraber, Xiaoying Shen, Supachai Rerks-Ngarm, Punnee Pitisuttithum, Sorachai Nitayapan, Phillip W. Berman, Merlin L. Robb, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Barton F. Haynes, S. Munir Alam, David C. Montefiori, and Georgia D. Tomaras. HIV-1 Envelope Glycoproteins from Diverse Clades Differentiate Antibody Responses and Durability among Vaccinees. J. Virol., 92(8), 15 Apr 2018. PubMed ID: 29386288. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 608

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MAb ID 448-D (448D, 428)
HXB2 Location Env Env Epitope Map
Author Location gp120
Research Contact Susan Zolla-Pazner (Zollas01@mcrcr6.med.nyu), NYU Med Center, NY, NY
Epitope (Discontinuous epitope)
Ab Type gp120 CD4BS
Neutralizing L
Species (Isotype) human(IgG1λ)
Patient  
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords ADCC, antibody binding site, antibody generation, antibody interactions, complement, enhancing activity, review, structure, subtype comparisons, vaccine antigen design, variant cross-reactivity

Notes

Showing 16 of 16 notes.

References

Showing 16 of 16 references.

Isolation Paper
Karwowska1992 S. Karwowska, M. K. Gorny, A. Buchbinder, V. Gianakakos, C. Williams, T. Fuerst, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Production of human monoclonal antibodies specific for conformational and linear non-V3 epitopes of gp120. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 8:1099-1106, 1992. A single linear MAb was generated, to the immunodominant domain in the C-terminal portion of gp120. This antibody did not inhibit rCD4-rgp120 binding or neutralize IIIB or MN. Three conformational epitope binding MAbs were also described in this paper that could neutralize IIIB and MN. PubMed ID: 1380257. Show all entries for this paper.

Chen2013 Yao Chen, Jinsong Zhang, Kwan-Ki Hwang, Hilary Bouton-Verville, Shi-Mao Xia, Amanda Newman, Ying-Bin Ouyang, Barton F. Haynes, and Laurent Verkoczy. Common Tolerance Mechanisms, but Distinct Cross-Reactivities Associated with gp41 and Lipids, Limit Production of HIV-1 Broad Neutralizing Antibodies 2F5 and 4E10. J. Immunol., 191(3):1260-1275, Aug 1 2013. PubMed ID: 23825311. Show all entries for this paper.

Forthal1995 D. N. Forthal, G. Landucci, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and W. E. Robinson, Jr. Functional Activities of 20 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1)-Specific Human Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 11:1095-1099, 1995. A series of tests were performed on 20 human monoclonal antibodies to assess their potential therapeutic utility. Antibodies were tested for potentially harmful complement-mediated antibody enhancing activity (C-ADE), and for potentially beneficial neutralizing activity and antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity ADCC. PubMed ID: 8554906. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Jeffs1996 S. A. Jeffs, J. McKeating, S. Lewis, H. Craft, D. Biram, P. E. Stephens, and R. L. Brady. Antigenicity of truncated forms of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoprotein. J. Gen. Virol., 77:1403-1410, 1996. PubMed ID: 8757980. Show all entries for this paper.

Kramer2007 Victor G. Kramer, Nagadenahalli B. Siddappa, and Ruth M. Ruprecht. Passive Immunization as Tool to Identify Protective HIV-1 Env Epitopes. Curr. HIV Res., 5(6):642-55, Nov 2007. PubMed ID: 18045119. Show all entries for this paper.

Laal1994 Suman Laal, Sherri Burda, Miroslav K. Gorny, Sylwia Karwowska, Aby Buchbinder, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Synergistic Neutralization of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 by Combinations of Human Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 68(6):4001-4008, Jun 1994. PubMed ID: 7514683. Show all entries for this paper.

Li1997 A. Li, T. W. Baba, J. Sodroski, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, J. Robinson, M. R. Posner, H. Katinger, C. F. Barbas III, D. R. Burton, T.-C. Chou, and R. M Ruprecht. Synergistic Neutralization of a Chimeric SIV/HIV Type 1 Virus with Combinations of Human Anti-HIV Type 1 Envelope Monoclonal Antibodies or Hyperimmune Globulins. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 13:647-656, 1997. Multiple combinations of MAbs were tested for their ability to synergize neutralization of a SHIV construct containing HIV IIIB env. All of the MAb combinations tried were synergistic, suggesting such combinations may be useful for passive immunotherapy or immunoprophylaxis. Because SHIV can replicate in rhesus macaques, such approaches can potentially be studied in an it in vivo monkey model. PubMed ID: 9168233. Show all entries for this paper.

Manca1995 F. Manca, D. Fenoglio, M. T. Valle, G. L. Pira, A. Kunkl, R. S. Balderas, R. G. Baccala, D. H. Kono, A. Ferraris, D. Saverino, F. Lancia, L. Lozzi, and A. N. Theofilopoulos. Human T helper cells specific for HIV reverse transcriptase: possible role in intrastructural help for HIV envelope-specific antibodies. Eur. J. Immunol., 25:1217-1223, 1995. PubMed ID: 7539750. Show all entries for this paper.

McCann2005 C. M. Mc Cann, R. J. Song, and R. M. Ruprecht. Antibodies: Can They Protect Against HIV Infection? Curr. Drug Targets Infect. Disord., 5(2):95-111, Jun 2005. PubMed ID: 15975016. Show all entries for this paper.

McKeating1992b J. A. McKeating, M. Thali, C. Furman, S. Karwowska, M. K. Gorny, J. Cordell, S. Zolla-Pazner, J. Sodroski, and R. A. Weiss. Amino Acid Residues of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Critical for the Binding of Rat and Human Neutralizing Antibodies That Block the gp120-sCD4 Interaction. Virology, 190:134-142, 1992. PubMed ID: 1382339. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi2000 P. N. Nyambi, H. A. Mbah, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, A. Nadas, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Conserved and Exposed Epitopes on Intact, Native, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virions of Group M. J. Virol., 74:7096-7107, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888650. Show all entries for this paper.

Pollara2013 Justin Pollara, Mattia Bonsignori, M. Anthony Moody, Marzena Pazgier, Barton F. Haynes, and Guido Ferrari. Epitope Specificity of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Antibody Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity (ADCC) Responses. Curr. HIV Res., 11(5):378-387, Jul 2013. PubMed ID: 24191939. Show all entries for this paper.

Spear1993 G. T. Spear, D. M. Takefman, B. L. Sullivan, A. L. Landay, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Complement activation by human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol., 67:53-59, 1993. This study looked at the ability of 16 human MAbs to activate complement. MAbs directed against the V3 region could induce C3 deposition on infected cells and virolysis of free virus, but antibodies to the CD4BS and C-terminal region and two regions in gp41 could induce no complement mediated effects. Pre-treatment with sCD4 could increase complement-mediated effects of anti-gp41 MAbs, but decreased the complement-mediated effects of V3 MAbs. Anti-gp41 MAbs were able to affect IIIB but not MN virolysis, suggesting spontaneous shedding of gp120 on IIIB virions exposes gp41 epitopes. IgG isotype did not appear to have an effect on virolysis or C3 deposition. PubMed ID: 7677959. Show all entries for this paper.

Srivastava2005 Indresh K. Srivastava, Jeffrey B. Ulmer, and Susan W. Barnett. Role of Neutralizing Antibodies in Protective Immunity Against HIV. Hum. Vaccin., 1(2):45-60, Mar-Apr 2005. PubMed ID: 17038830. Show all entries for this paper.

Wyatt1998 R. Wyatt, P. D. Kwong, E. Desjardins, R. W. Sweet, J. Robinson, W. A. Hendrickson, and J. G. Sodroski. The Antigenic Structure of the HIV gp120 Envelope Glycoprotein. Nature, 393:705-711, 1998. Comment in Nature 1998 Jun 18;393(6686):630-1. The spatial organization of the neutralizing epitopes of gp120 is described, based on epitope maps interpreted in the context of the X-ray crystal structure of a ternary complex that includes a gp120 core, CD4 and a neutralizing antibody. PubMed ID: 9641684. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 605

Download this epitope record as JSON.

MAb ID 559/64-D (559, 559-64D)
HXB2 Location Env Env Epitope Map
Author Location gp120( LAI)
Research Contact Susan Zolla-Pazner (Zollas01@mcrcr6.med.nyu), NYU Med Center, NY, NY
Epitope
Subtype B
Ab Type gp120 CD4BS
Neutralizing L
Species (Isotype) human(IgG1κ)
Patient  
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords antibody binding site, antibody generation, antibody interactions, assay or method development, binding affinity, complement, enhancing activity, neutralization, review, subtype comparisons, vaccine antigen design, variant cross-reactivity

Notes

Showing 20 of 20 notes.

References

Showing 21 of 21 references.

Isolation Paper
Karwowska1992 S. Karwowska, M. K. Gorny, A. Buchbinder, V. Gianakakos, C. Williams, T. Fuerst, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Production of human monoclonal antibodies specific for conformational and linear non-V3 epitopes of gp120. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 8:1099-1106, 1992. A single linear MAb was generated, to the immunodominant domain in the C-terminal portion of gp120. This antibody did not inhibit rCD4-rgp120 binding or neutralize IIIB or MN. Three conformational epitope binding MAbs were also described in this paper that could neutralize IIIB and MN. PubMed ID: 1380257. Show all entries for this paper.

Forthal1995 D. N. Forthal, G. Landucci, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and W. E. Robinson, Jr. Functional Activities of 20 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1)-Specific Human Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 11:1095-1099, 1995. A series of tests were performed on 20 human monoclonal antibodies to assess their potential therapeutic utility. Antibodies were tested for potentially harmful complement-mediated antibody enhancing activity (C-ADE), and for potentially beneficial neutralizing activity and antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity ADCC. PubMed ID: 8554906. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2000b M. K. Gorny, T. C. VanCott, C. Williams, K. Revesz, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Effects of oligomerization on the epitopes of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoproteins. Virology, 267:220-8, 2000. PubMed ID: 10662617. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Hager-Braun2010 Christine Hager-Braun, Elisabeth O. Hochleitner, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Rachelle J. Bienstock, and Kenneth B. Tomer. Characterization of a Discontinuous Epitope of the HIV Envelope Protein gp120 Recognized by a Human Monoclonal Antibody Using Chemical Modification and Mass Spectrometric Analysis. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom., 21(10):1687-1698, Oct 2010. PubMed ID: 20434359. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe1997 C. Hioe, S. Burda, P. Chigurupati, S. Xu, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Resting Cell Neutralization Assay for HIV-1 Primary Isolates. Methods: A companion to Methods in Enzymology, 12:300-305, 1997. A technique is described for detecting the activity of neutralizing polyclonal or MAbs against HIV-1 primary isolates, using unstimulated PBMC as the target cell. PubMed ID: 9245610. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe1997b C. E. Hioe, S. Xu, P. Chigurupati, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Neutralization of HIV-1 Primary Isolates by Polyclonal and Monoclonal Human Antibodies. Int. Immunol., 9(9):1281-1290, Sep 1997. PubMed ID: 9310831. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe2000 C. E. Hioe, G. J. Jones, A. D. Rees, S. Ratto-Kim, D. Birx, C. Munz, M. K. Gorny, M. Tuen, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Anti-CD4-Binding Domain Antibodies Complexed with HIV Type 1 Glycoprotein 120 Inhibit CD4+ T Cell-Proliferative Responses to Glycoprotein 120. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 16:893-905, 2000. PubMed ID: 10875615. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe2001 C. E. Hioe, M. Tuen, P. C. Chien, Jr., G. Jones, S. Ratto-Kim, P. J. Norris, W. J. Moretto, D. F. Nixon, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Inhibition of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp120 presentation to CD4 T cells by antibodies specific for the CD4 binding domain of gp120. J. Virol., 75(22):10950--7, Nov 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/22/10950. PubMed ID: 11602735. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe2009 Catarina E. Hioe, Maria Luisa Visciano, Rajnish Kumar, Jianping Liu, Ethan A. Mack, Rachel E. Simon, David N. Levy, and Michael Tuen. The Use of Immune Complex Vaccines to Enhance Antibody Responses against Neutralizing Epitopes on HIV-1 Envelope gp120. Vaccine, 28(2):352-360, 11 Dec 2009. PubMed ID: 19879224. Show all entries for this paper.

Jeffs1996 S. A. Jeffs, J. McKeating, S. Lewis, H. Craft, D. Biram, P. E. Stephens, and R. L. Brady. Antigenicity of truncated forms of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoprotein. J. Gen. Virol., 77:1403-1410, 1996. PubMed ID: 8757980. Show all entries for this paper.

McKeating1992b J. A. McKeating, M. Thali, C. Furman, S. Karwowska, M. K. Gorny, J. Cordell, S. Zolla-Pazner, J. Sodroski, and R. A. Weiss. Amino Acid Residues of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Critical for the Binding of Rat and Human Neutralizing Antibodies That Block the gp120-sCD4 Interaction. Virology, 190:134-142, 1992. PubMed ID: 1382339. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi1998 P. N. Nyambi, M. K. Gorny, L. Bastiani, G. van der Groen, C. Williams, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Mapping of Epitopes Exposed on Intact Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Virions: A New Strategy for Studying the Immunologic Relatedness of HIV-1. J. Virol., 72:9384-9391, 1998. 18 human MAbs binding to gp120 and gp41 were tested using a novel assay to test binding to intact HIV-1 virions. The new method involves using MAbs to the host proteins incorporated into virions to bind them to ELIZA plates. Antigenic conservation in epitopes of HIV-1 in clades A, B, D, F, G, and H was studied. MAbs were selected that were directed against V2, V3, CD4bd, C5 or gp41 regions. Antibodies against V2, the CD4BS, and sp41 showed weak and sporadic reactivities, while binding strongly to gp120, suggesting these epitopes are hidden when gp120 is in its native, quaternary structure. PubMed ID: 9765494. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi2000 P. N. Nyambi, H. A. Mbah, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, A. Nadas, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Conserved and Exposed Epitopes on Intact, Native, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virions of Group M. J. Virol., 74:7096-7107, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888650. Show all entries for this paper.

Spear1993 G. T. Spear, D. M. Takefman, B. L. Sullivan, A. L. Landay, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Complement activation by human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol., 67:53-59, 1993. This study looked at the ability of 16 human MAbs to activate complement. MAbs directed against the V3 region could induce C3 deposition on infected cells and virolysis of free virus, but antibodies to the CD4BS and C-terminal region and two regions in gp41 could induce no complement mediated effects. Pre-treatment with sCD4 could increase complement-mediated effects of anti-gp41 MAbs, but decreased the complement-mediated effects of V3 MAbs. Anti-gp41 MAbs were able to affect IIIB but not MN virolysis, suggesting spontaneous shedding of gp120 on IIIB virions exposes gp41 epitopes. IgG isotype did not appear to have an effect on virolysis or C3 deposition. PubMed ID: 7677959. Show all entries for this paper.

Srivastava2005 Indresh K. Srivastava, Jeffrey B. Ulmer, and Susan W. Barnett. Role of Neutralizing Antibodies in Protective Immunity Against HIV. Hum. Vaccin., 1(2):45-60, Mar-Apr 2005. PubMed ID: 17038830. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1995 L. Stamatatos and C. Cheng-Mayer. Structural Modulations of the Envelope gp120 Glycoprotein of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 upon Oligomerization and the Differential V3 Loop Epitope Exposure of Isolates Displaying Distinct Tropism upon Viral-Soluble Receptor Binding. J. Virol., 69:6191-6198, 1995. PubMed ID: 7545244. Show all entries for this paper.

Visciano2008 Maria Luisa Visciano, Michael Tuen, Miroslaw K. Gorny, and Catarina E. Hioe. In Vivo Alteration of Humoral Responses to HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein gp120 by Antibodies to the CD4-Binding Site of gp120. Virology, 372(2):409-420, 15 Mar 2008. PubMed ID: 18054978. Show all entries for this paper.

York2001 J. York, K. E. Follis, M. Trahey, P. N. Nyambi, S. Zolla-Pazner, and J. H. Nunberg. Antibody binding and neutralization of primary and T-cell line-adapted isolates of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J. Virol., 75(6):2741--52, Mar 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/6/2741. PubMed ID: 11222697. Show all entries for this paper.

Zwick2003a Michael B. Zwick, Robert Kelleher, Richard Jensen, Aran F. Labrijn, Meng Wang, Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr., Paul W. H. I. Parren, and Dennis R. Burton. A Novel Human Antibody against Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Is V1, V2, and V3 Loop Dependent and Helps Delimit the Epitope of the Broadly Neutralizing Antibody Immunoglobulin G1 b12. J. Virol., 77(12):6965-6978, Jun 2003. PubMed ID: 12768015. Show all entries for this paper.

Haldar2011 Bijayesh Haldar, Sherri Burda, Constance Williams, Leo Heyndrickx, Guido Vanham, Miroslaw K. Gorny, and Phillipe Nyambi. Longitudinal Study of Primary HIV-1 Isolates in Drug-Naïve Individuals Reveals the Emergence of Variants Sensitive to Anti-HIV-1 Monoclonal Antibodies. PLoS One, 6(2):e17253, 2011. PubMed ID: 21383841. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 791

Download this epitope record as JSON.

MAb ID 50-69 (SZ-50.69, 50-69D, 50.69, 50-6910)
HXB2 Location Env
DNA(7959..8033)
Env Epitope Map
Author Location gp41( BH10)
Research Contact Susan Zolla-Pazner (Zollas01@mcrcr6.med.nyu), NYU, NY
Epitope (Discontinuous epitope)
Ab Type gp41 cluster I
Neutralizing  
Species (Isotype) human(IgG2κ)
Patient  
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords ADCC, antibody binding site, antibody generation, antibody interactions, antibody polyreactivity, antibody sequence, binding affinity, complement, dendritic cells, enhancing activity, immunotoxin, kinetics, mimotopes, neutralization, rate of progression, review, subtype comparisons, vaccine antigen design, vaccine-induced immune responses, variant cross-reactivity

Notes

Showing 44 of 44 notes.

References

Showing 44 of 44 references.

Isolation Paper
Gorny1989 M. K. Gorny, V. Gianakakos, S. Sharpe, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Generation of human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 86:1624-1628, 1989. This paper described immortalization of B-cells from HIV-1 positive individuals with Epstein-Barr virus, to produce seven stable antibody producing cell lines. PubMed ID: 2922401. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley1996 J. M. Binley, H. J. Ditzel, C. F. Barbas III, N. Sullivan, J. Sodroski, P. W. H. I. Parren, and D. R. Burton. Human Antibody Responses to HIV Type 1 Glycoprotein 41 Cloned in Phage Display Libraries Suggest Three Major Epitopes Are Recognized and Give Evidence for Conserved Antibody Motifs in Antigen Binding. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 12:911-924, 1996. A panel of anti-gp41 human Fab fragments were generated by panning phage display antibody libraries prepared from HIV-1 positive donors with rgp41. Fabs tended to be directed against three epitopes, designated clusters I-III. None were neutralizing. A common CDR3 motif was found in several of the heavy chain sequences. PubMed ID: 8798976. Show all entries for this paper.

Boots1997 L. J. Boots, P. M. McKenna, B. A. Arnold, P. M. Keller, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, J. E. Robinson, and A. J. Conley. Anti-human immunodeficiency virus type 1 human monoclonal antibodies that bind discontinuous epitopes in the viral glycoproteins can identify mimotopes from recombinant phage peptide display libraries. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 13:1549-59, 1997. PubMed ID: 9430247. Show all entries for this paper.

Chen1995 C. H. Chen, T. J. Matthews, C. B. McDanal, D. P. Bolognesi, and M. L. Greenberg. A Molecular Clasp in the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Type 1 TM Protein Determines the Anti-HIV Activity of gp41 Derivatives: Implication for Viral Fusion. J. Virol., 69:3771-3777, 1995. PubMed ID: 7538176. Show all entries for this paper.

Dennison2011a S. Moses Dennison, Kara Anasti, Richard M. Scearce, Laura Sutherland, Robert Parks, Shi-Mao Xia, Hua-Xin Liao, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Barton F. Haynes, and S. Munir Alam. Nonneutralizing HIV-1 gp41 Envelope Cluster II Human Monoclonal Antibodies Show Polyreactivity for Binding to Phospholipids and Protein Autoantigens. J. Virol., 85(3):1340-1347, Feb 2011. PubMed ID: 21106741. Show all entries for this paper.

Eddleston1993 M. Eddleston, J. C. de la Torre, J.-Y. Xu, N. Dorfman, A. Notkins, S. Zolla-Pazner, and M. B. A. Oldstone. Molecular Mimicry Accompanying HIV-1 Infection: Human Monoclonal Antibodies That Bind to gp41 and to Astrocytes. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 10:939-944, 1993. In this paper, three anti-HIV-1 gp41 specific MAbs were found to react with astrocytes: 98-6, 167-7 and 15G1. Reactive astrocytes in the hippocampus were most prominently involved, and the antibodies stained no other cell type in the brain, kidney or liver. All three mapped to a conformationally dependent epitope between aa 644-663. PubMed ID: 7506553. Show all entries for this paper.

Finnegan2002 Catherine M. Finnegan, Werner Berg, George K. Lewis, and Anthony L. DeVico. Antigenic Properties of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transmembrane Glycoprotein during Cell-Cell Fusion. J. Virol., 76(23):12123-12134, Dec 2002. PubMed ID: 12414953. Show all entries for this paper.

Follis2002 Kathryn E. Follis, Scott J. Larson, Min Lu, and Jack H. Nunberg. Genetic Evidence that Interhelical Packing Interactions in the gp41 Core Are Critical for Transition of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Glycoprotein to the Fusion-Active State. J. Virol., 76(14):7356-7362, Jul 2002. PubMed ID: 12072535. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2000a M. K. Gorny and S. Zolla-Pazner. Recognition by Human Monoclonal Antibodies of Free and Complexed Peptides Representing the Prefusogenic and Fusogenic Forms of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp41. J. Virol., 74:6186-6192, 2000. PubMed ID: 10846104. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2000b M. K. Gorny, T. C. VanCott, C. Williams, K. Revesz, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Effects of oligomerization on the epitopes of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoproteins. Virology, 267:220-8, 2000. PubMed ID: 10662617. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2009 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Bradley Witover, Sherri Burda, Mateusz Urbanski, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Arthur Nadas. Preferential Use of the VH5-51 Gene Segment by the Human Immune Response to Code for Antibodies against the V3 Domain of HIV-1. Mol. Immunol., 46(5):917-926, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 18952295. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe1997b C. E. Hioe, S. Xu, P. Chigurupati, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Neutralization of HIV-1 Primary Isolates by Polyclonal and Monoclonal Human Antibodies. Int. Immunol., 9(9):1281-1290, Sep 1997. PubMed ID: 9310831. Show all entries for this paper.

Holl2006 Vincent Holl, Maryse Peressin, Thomas Decoville, Sylvie Schmidt, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Anne-Marie Aubertin, and Christiane Moog. Nonneutralizing Antibodies Are Able To Inhibit Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication in Macrophages and Immature Dendritic Cells. J. Virol., 80(12):6177-6181, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16731957. Show all entries for this paper.

Huang2007 Li Huang, Weihong Lai, Phong Ho, and Chin Ho Chen. Induction of a Nonproductive Conformational Change in gp120 by a Small Molecule HIV Type 1 Entry Inhibitor. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 23(1):28-32, Jan 2007. PubMed ID: 17263629. Show all entries for this paper.

Kalia2005 Vandana Kalia, Surojit Sarkar, Phalguni Gupta, and Ronald C. Montelaro. Antibody Neutralization Escape Mediated by Point Mutations in the Intracytoplasmic Tail of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp41. J. Virol., 79(4):2097-2107, Feb 2005. PubMed ID: 15681412. Show all entries for this paper.

Kim2007 Mikyung Kim, Zhisong Qiao, Jessica Yu, David Montefiori, and Ellis L. Reinherz. Immunogenicity of Recombinant Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1-Like Particles Expressing gp41 Derivatives in a Pre-Fusion State. Vaccine, 25(27):5102-5114, 28 Jun 2007. PubMed ID: 17055621. Show all entries for this paper.

Klasse1996 P. J. Klasse and Q. J. Sattentau. Altered CD4 Interactions of HIV Type 1 LAI Variants Selected for the Capacity to Induce Membrane Fusion in the Presence of a Monoclonal Antibody to Domain 2 of CD4. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 12:1015-1021, 1996. PubMed ID: 8827217. Show all entries for this paper.

Laal1994 Suman Laal, Sherri Burda, Miroslav K. Gorny, Sylwia Karwowska, Aby Buchbinder, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Synergistic Neutralization of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 by Combinations of Human Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 68(6):4001-4008, Jun 1994. PubMed ID: 7514683. Show all entries for this paper.

Ling2004 Hong Ling, Peng Xiao, Osamu Usami, and Toshio Hattori. Thrombin Activates Envelope Glycoproteins of HIV Type 1 and Enhances Fusion. Microbes Infect., 6(5):414-420, Apr 2004. PubMed ID: 15109955. Show all entries for this paper.

Manca1995 F. Manca, D. Fenoglio, M. T. Valle, G. L. Pira, A. Kunkl, R. S. Balderas, R. G. Baccala, D. H. Kono, A. Ferraris, D. Saverino, F. Lancia, L. Lozzi, and A. N. Theofilopoulos. Human T helper cells specific for HIV reverse transcriptase: possible role in intrastructural help for HIV envelope-specific antibodies. Eur. J. Immunol., 25:1217-1223, 1995. PubMed ID: 7539750. Show all entries for this paper.

McCaffrey2004 Ruth A McCaffrey, Cheryl Saunders, Mike Hensel, and Leonidas Stamatatos. N-Linked Glycosylation of the V3 Loop and the Immunologically Silent Face of gp120 Protects Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 SF162 from Neutralization by Anti-gp120 and Anti-gp41 Antibodies. J. Virol., 78(7):3279-3295, Apr 2004. PubMed ID: 15016849. Show all entries for this paper.

McDougal1996 J. S. McDougal, M. S. Kennedy, S. L. Orloff, J. K. A. Nicholson, and T. J. Spira. Mechanisms of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Neutralization: Irreversible Inactivation of Infectivity by Anti-HIV-1 Antibody. J. Virol., 70:5236-5245, 1996. Studies of polyclonal sera autologous virus inactivation indicates that in individuals over time, viral populations emerge that are resistant to inactivating effects of earlier sera. PubMed ID: 8764033. Show all entries for this paper.

Mitchell1998 W. M. Mitchell, L. Ding, and J. Gabriel. Inactivation of a Common Epitope Responsible for the Induction of Antibody-Dependent Enhancement of HIV. AIDS, 12:147-156, 1998. PubMed ID: 9468363. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi2000 P. N. Nyambi, H. A. Mbah, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, A. Nadas, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Conserved and Exposed Epitopes on Intact, Native, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virions of Group M. J. Virol., 74:7096-7107, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888650. Show all entries for this paper.

Pinter1989 A. Pinter, W. J. Honnen, S. A. Tilley, C. Bona, H. Zaghouani, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Oligomeric Structure of gp41, the Transmembrane Protein of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. J. Virol., 63:2674-2679, 1989. PubMed ID: 2786089. Show all entries for this paper.

Poignard1996b P. Poignard, T. Fouts, D. Naniche, J. P. Moore, and Q. J. Sattentau. Neutralizing antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus type-1 gp120 induce envelope glycoprotein subunit dissociation. J. Exp. Med., 183:473-484, 1996. Binding of Anti-V3 and the CD4I neutralizing MAbs induces shedding of gp120 on cells infected with the T-cell line-adapted HIV-1 molecular clone Hx10. This was shown by significant increases of gp120 in the supernatant, and exposure of a gp41 epitope that is masked in the oligomer. MAbs binding either to the V2 loop or to CD4BS discontinuous epitopes do not induce gp120 dissociation. This suggests HIV neutralization probably is caused by several mechanisms, and one of the mechanisms may involve gp120 dissociation. PubMed ID: 8627160. Show all entries for this paper.

Pollara2013 Justin Pollara, Mattia Bonsignori, M. Anthony Moody, Marzena Pazgier, Barton F. Haynes, and Guido Ferrari. Epitope Specificity of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Antibody Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity (ADCC) Responses. Curr. HIV Res., 11(5):378-387, Jul 2013. PubMed ID: 24191939. Show all entries for this paper.

Robinson1991 W. E. Robinson, M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, W. M. Mitchell, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Two Immunodominant Domains of gp41 Bind Antibodies Which Enhance Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection In Vitro. J. Virol., 65:4169-4176, 1991. PubMed ID: 2072448. Show all entries for this paper.

Sattentau1991 Q. J. Sattentau and J. P. Moore. Conformational Changes Induced in the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Envelope Glycoprotein by Soluble CD4 Binding. J. Exp. Med., 174:407-415, 1991. sCD4 binding to gp120 induces conformational changes within envelope oligomers. This was measured on HIV-1-infected cells by the increased binding of gp120/V3 loop specific MAbs, and on the surface of virions by increased cleavage of the V3 loop by an exogenous proteinase. PubMed ID: 1713252. Show all entries for this paper.

Sattentau1995 Q. J. Sattentau, S. Zolla-Pazner, and P. Poignard. Epitope Exposure on Functional, Oligomeric HIV-1 gp41 Molecules. Virology, 206:713-717, 1995. Most gp41 epitopes are masked when associated with gp120 on the cell surface. Weak binding of anti-gp41 MAbs can be enhanced by treatment with sCD4. MAb 2F5 binds to a membrane proximal epitope which binds in the presence of gp120 without sCD4. PubMed ID: 7530400. Show all entries for this paper.

Sheppard2007a Neil C. Sheppard, Sarah L. Davies, Simon A. Jeffs, Sueli M. Vieira, and Quentin J. Sattentau. Production and Characterization of High-Affinity Human Monoclonal Antibodies to Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Glycoproteins in a Mouse Model Expressing Human Immunoglobulins. Clin. Vaccine Immunol., 14(2):157-167, Feb 2007. PubMed ID: 17167037. Show all entries for this paper.

Spear1993 G. T. Spear, D. M. Takefman, B. L. Sullivan, A. L. Landay, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Complement activation by human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol., 67:53-59, 1993. This study looked at the ability of 16 human MAbs to activate complement. MAbs directed against the V3 region could induce C3 deposition on infected cells and virolysis of free virus, but antibodies to the CD4BS and C-terminal region and two regions in gp41 could induce no complement mediated effects. Pre-treatment with sCD4 could increase complement-mediated effects of anti-gp41 MAbs, but decreased the complement-mediated effects of V3 MAbs. Anti-gp41 MAbs were able to affect IIIB but not MN virolysis, suggesting spontaneous shedding of gp120 on IIIB virions exposes gp41 epitopes. IgG isotype did not appear to have an effect on virolysis or C3 deposition. PubMed ID: 7677959. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1997 L. Stamatatos, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and C. Cheng-Mayer. Binding of Antibodies to Virion-Associated gp120 Molecules of Primary-Like Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Isolates: Effect on HIV-1 Infection of Macrophages and Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells. Virology, 229:360-369, 1997. PubMed ID: 9126249. Show all entries for this paper.

Till1989 M. A. Till, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, J. W. Uhr, and E. S. Vitetta. Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected T Cells and Monocytes Are Killed by Monoclonal Human Anti-gp41 Antibodies Coupled to Ricin A Chain. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 86:1987-1991, 1989. PubMed ID: 2538826. Show all entries for this paper.

Tyler1990 D. S. Tyler, S. D. Stanley, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, P. P. Shadduck, A. J. Langlois, T. J. Matthews, D. P. Bolognesi, T. J. Palker, and K. J. Weinhold. Identification of sites within gp41 that serve as targets for antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity by using human monoclonal antibodies. J. Immunol., 145:3276-3282, 1990. PubMed ID: 1700004. Show all entries for this paper.

Usami2005 Osamu Usami, Peng Xiao, Hong Ling, Yi Liu, Tadashi Nakasone, and Toshio Hattori. Properties of Anti-gp41 Core Structure Antibodies, Which Compete with Sera of HIV-1-Infected Patients. Microbes Infect., 7(4):650-657, Apr 2005. PubMed ID: 15823513. Show all entries for this paper.

Verrier2001 F. Verrier, A. Nadas, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Additive effects characterize the interaction of antibodies involved in neutralization of the primary dualtropic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolate 89.6. J. Virol., 75(19):9177--86, Oct 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/19/9177. PubMed ID: 11533181. Show all entries for this paper.

Vincent2008 Nadine Vincent, Amadou Kone, Blandine Chanut, Frédéric Lucht, Christian Genin, and Etienne Malvoisin. Antibodies Purified from Sera of HIV-1-Infected Patients by Affinity on the Heptad Repeat Region 1/Heptad Repeat Region 2 Complex of gp41 Neutralize HIV-1 Primary Isolates. AIDS, 22(16):2075-2085, 18 Oct 2008. PubMed ID: 18832871. Show all entries for this paper.

Vincent2012 Nadine Vincent and Etienne Malvoisin. Ability of Antibodies Specific to the HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein to Block the Fusion Inhibitor T20 in a Cell-Cell Fusion Assay. Immunobiology, 217(10):943-950, Oct 2012. PubMed ID: 22387075. Show all entries for this paper.

Xu1991 J.-Y. Xu, M. K. Gorny, T. Palker, S. Karwowska, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Epitope mapping of two immunodominant domains of gp41, the transmembrane protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1, using ten human monoclonal antibodies. J. Virol., 65:4832-4838, 1991. The immunodominance of linear epitope in the region 590-600 of gp41 (cluster I) was established, and a second conformational epitope was mapped that reacted with a region between amino acids 644 and 663 (cluster II). Titration experiments showed that there was 100-fold more antibody to cluster I than cluster II in patient sera. PubMed ID: 1714520. Show all entries for this paper.

Yates2018 Nicole L. Yates, Allan C. deCamp, Bette T. Korber, Hua-Xin Liao, Carmela Irene, Abraham Pinter, James Peacock, Linda J. Harris, Sheetal Sawant, Peter Hraber, Xiaoying Shen, Supachai Rerks-Ngarm, Punnee Pitisuttithum, Sorachai Nitayapan, Phillip W. Berman, Merlin L. Robb, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Barton F. Haynes, S. Munir Alam, David C. Montefiori, and Georgia D. Tomaras. HIV-1 Envelope Glycoproteins from Diverse Clades Differentiate Antibody Responses and Durability among Vaccinees. J. Virol., 92(8), 15 Apr 2018. PubMed ID: 29386288. Show all entries for this paper.

Yuan2009 Wen Yuan, Xing Li, Marta Kasterka, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Joseph Sodroski. Oligomer-Specific Conformations of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1) gp41 Envelope Glycoprotein Ectodomain Recognized by Human Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 25(3):319-328, Mar 2009. PubMed ID: 19292593. Show all entries for this paper.

Zwick2001b M. B. Zwick, A. F. Labrijn, M. Wang, C. Spenlehauer, E. O. Saphire, J. M. Binley, J. P. Moore, G. Stiegler, H. Katinger, D. R. Burton, and P. W. Parren. Broadly neutralizing antibodies targeted to the membrane-proximal external region of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 glycoprotein gp41. J. Virol., 75(22):10892--905, Nov 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/22/10892. PubMed ID: 11602729. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 808

Download this epitope record as JSON.

MAb ID 98-6 (SZ-98.6, 98.6, 98-6D)
HXB2 Location Env
DNA(8154..8213)
Env Epitope Map
Author Location gp41( HXB2)
Research Contact Susan Zolla-Pazner (Zollas01@mcrcr6.med.nyu), NYU, NY
Epitope (Discontinuous epitope)
Subtype B
Ab Type gp41 cluster II
Neutralizing  
Species (Isotype) human(IgG2κ)
Patient donor_uncoded_3
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords ADCC, antibody binding site, antibody generation, antibody interactions, antibody polyreactivity, antibody sequence, binding affinity, complement, dendritic cells, enhancing activity, immunotoxin, kinetics, neutralization, rate of progression, review, structure, subtype comparisons, vaccine antigen design, variant cross-reactivity

Notes

Showing 44 of 44 notes.

References

Showing 44 of 44 references.

Isolation Paper
Gorny1989 M. K. Gorny, V. Gianakakos, S. Sharpe, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Generation of human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 86:1624-1628, 1989. This paper described immortalization of B-cells from HIV-1 positive individuals with Epstein-Barr virus, to produce seven stable antibody producing cell lines. PubMed ID: 2922401. Show all entries for this paper.

Alam2008 S. Munir Alam, Richard M. Scearce, Robert J. Parks, Kelly Plonk, Steven G. Plonk, Laura L. Sutherland, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Stacie VanLeeuwen, M. Anthony Moody, Shi-Mao Xia, David C. Montefiori, Georgia D. Tomaras, Kent J. Weinhold, Salim Abdool Karim, Charles B. Hicks, Hua-Xin Liao, James Robinson, George M. Shaw, and Barton F. Haynes. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp41 Antibodies That Mask Membrane Proximal Region Epitopes: Antibody Binding Kinetics, Induction, and Potential for Regulation in Acute Infection. J. Virol., 82(1):115-125, Jan 2008. PubMed ID: 17942537. Show all entries for this paper.

Andris1991 J. S. Andris, S. Johnson, S. Zolla-Pazner, and J. D. Capra. Molecular characterization of five anti-human immunodeficiency virus type 1 antibody heavy chains reveals extensive somatic mutation typical of an antigen-driven immune response. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 88:7783-7788, 1992. PubMed ID: 1909030. Show all entries for this paper.

Chen1995 C. H. Chen, T. J. Matthews, C. B. McDanal, D. P. Bolognesi, and M. L. Greenberg. A Molecular Clasp in the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Type 1 TM Protein Determines the Anti-HIV Activity of gp41 Derivatives: Implication for Viral Fusion. J. Virol., 69:3771-3777, 1995. PubMed ID: 7538176. Show all entries for this paper.

Dennison2011a S. Moses Dennison, Kara Anasti, Richard M. Scearce, Laura Sutherland, Robert Parks, Shi-Mao Xia, Hua-Xin Liao, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Barton F. Haynes, and S. Munir Alam. Nonneutralizing HIV-1 gp41 Envelope Cluster II Human Monoclonal Antibodies Show Polyreactivity for Binding to Phospholipids and Protein Autoantigens. J. Virol., 85(3):1340-1347, Feb 2011. PubMed ID: 21106741. Show all entries for this paper.

Eddleston1993 M. Eddleston, J. C. de la Torre, J.-Y. Xu, N. Dorfman, A. Notkins, S. Zolla-Pazner, and M. B. A. Oldstone. Molecular Mimicry Accompanying HIV-1 Infection: Human Monoclonal Antibodies That Bind to gp41 and to Astrocytes. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 10:939-944, 1993. In this paper, three anti-HIV-1 gp41 specific MAbs were found to react with astrocytes: 98-6, 167-7 and 15G1. Reactive astrocytes in the hippocampus were most prominently involved, and the antibodies stained no other cell type in the brain, kidney or liver. All three mapped to a conformationally dependent epitope between aa 644-663. PubMed ID: 7506553. Show all entries for this paper.

Finnegan2002 Catherine M. Finnegan, Werner Berg, George K. Lewis, and Anthony L. DeVico. Antigenic Properties of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transmembrane Glycoprotein during Cell-Cell Fusion. J. Virol., 76(23):12123-12134, Dec 2002. PubMed ID: 12414953. Show all entries for this paper.

Follis2002 Kathryn E. Follis, Scott J. Larson, Min Lu, and Jack H. Nunberg. Genetic Evidence that Interhelical Packing Interactions in the gp41 Core Are Critical for Transition of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Glycoprotein to the Fusion-Active State. J. Virol., 76(14):7356-7362, Jul 2002. PubMed ID: 12072535. Show all entries for this paper.

Forthal1995 D. N. Forthal, G. Landucci, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and W. E. Robinson, Jr. Functional Activities of 20 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1)-Specific Human Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 11:1095-1099, 1995. A series of tests were performed on 20 human monoclonal antibodies to assess their potential therapeutic utility. Antibodies were tested for potentially harmful complement-mediated antibody enhancing activity (C-ADE), and for potentially beneficial neutralizing activity and antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity ADCC. PubMed ID: 8554906. Show all entries for this paper.

Frey2010 Gary Frey, Jia Chen, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Michael M. Freeman, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Bing Chen. Distinct Conformational States of HIV-1 gp41 Are Recognized by Neutralizing and Non-Neutralizing Antibodies. Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol., 17(12):1486-1491, Dec 2010. PubMed ID: 21076402. Show all entries for this paper.

GoldingH2002 Hana Golding, Marina Zaitseva, Eve de Rosny, Lisa R. King, Jody Manischewitz, Igor Sidorov, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Dimiter S. Dimitrov, and Carol D. Weiss. Dissection of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Entry with Neutralizing Antibodies to gp41 Fusion Intermediates. J. Virol., 76(13):6780-6790, Jul 2002. PubMed ID: 12050391. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2000a M. K. Gorny and S. Zolla-Pazner. Recognition by Human Monoclonal Antibodies of Free and Complexed Peptides Representing the Prefusogenic and Fusogenic Forms of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp41. J. Virol., 74:6186-6192, 2000. PubMed ID: 10846104. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2000b M. K. Gorny, T. C. VanCott, C. Williams, K. Revesz, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Effects of oligomerization on the epitopes of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoproteins. Virology, 267:220-8, 2000. PubMed ID: 10662617. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2009 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Bradley Witover, Sherri Burda, Mateusz Urbanski, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Arthur Nadas. Preferential Use of the VH5-51 Gene Segment by the Human Immune Response to Code for Antibodies against the V3 Domain of HIV-1. Mol. Immunol., 46(5):917-926, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 18952295. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe1997b C. E. Hioe, S. Xu, P. Chigurupati, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Neutralization of HIV-1 Primary Isolates by Polyclonal and Monoclonal Human Antibodies. Int. Immunol., 9(9):1281-1290, Sep 1997. PubMed ID: 9310831. Show all entries for this paper.

Holl2006 Vincent Holl, Maryse Peressin, Thomas Decoville, Sylvie Schmidt, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Anne-Marie Aubertin, and Christiane Moog. Nonneutralizing Antibodies Are Able To Inhibit Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication in Macrophages and Immature Dendritic Cells. J. Virol., 80(12):6177-6181, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16731957. Show all entries for this paper.

Kim2007 Mikyung Kim, Zhisong Qiao, Jessica Yu, David Montefiori, and Ellis L. Reinherz. Immunogenicity of Recombinant Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1-Like Particles Expressing gp41 Derivatives in a Pre-Fusion State. Vaccine, 25(27):5102-5114, 28 Jun 2007. PubMed ID: 17055621. Show all entries for this paper.

Laal1994 Suman Laal, Sherri Burda, Miroslav K. Gorny, Sylwia Karwowska, Aby Buchbinder, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Synergistic Neutralization of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 by Combinations of Human Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 68(6):4001-4008, Jun 1994. PubMed ID: 7514683. Show all entries for this paper.

Ling2004 Hong Ling, Peng Xiao, Osamu Usami, and Toshio Hattori. Thrombin Activates Envelope Glycoproteins of HIV Type 1 and Enhances Fusion. Microbes Infect., 6(5):414-420, Apr 2004. PubMed ID: 15109955. Show all entries for this paper.

Manca1995 F. Manca, D. Fenoglio, M. T. Valle, G. L. Pira, A. Kunkl, R. S. Balderas, R. G. Baccala, D. H. Kono, A. Ferraris, D. Saverino, F. Lancia, L. Lozzi, and A. N. Theofilopoulos. Human T helper cells specific for HIV reverse transcriptase: possible role in intrastructural help for HIV envelope-specific antibodies. Eur. J. Immunol., 25:1217-1223, 1995. PubMed ID: 7539750. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi1998 P. N. Nyambi, M. K. Gorny, L. Bastiani, G. van der Groen, C. Williams, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Mapping of Epitopes Exposed on Intact Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Virions: A New Strategy for Studying the Immunologic Relatedness of HIV-1. J. Virol., 72:9384-9391, 1998. 18 human MAbs binding to gp120 and gp41 were tested using a novel assay to test binding to intact HIV-1 virions. The new method involves using MAbs to the host proteins incorporated into virions to bind them to ELIZA plates. Antigenic conservation in epitopes of HIV-1 in clades A, B, D, F, G, and H was studied. MAbs were selected that were directed against V2, V3, CD4bd, C5 or gp41 regions. Antibodies against V2, the CD4BS, and sp41 showed weak and sporadic reactivities, while binding strongly to gp120, suggesting these epitopes are hidden when gp120 is in its native, quaternary structure. PubMed ID: 9765494. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi2000 P. N. Nyambi, H. A. Mbah, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, A. Nadas, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Conserved and Exposed Epitopes on Intact, Native, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virions of Group M. J. Virol., 74:7096-7107, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888650. Show all entries for this paper.

Penn-Nicholson2008 Adam Penn-Nicholson, Dong P. Han, Soon J. Kim, Hanna Park, Rais Ansari, David C. Montefiori, and Michael W. Cho. Assessment of Antibody Responses against gp41 in HIV-1-Infected Patients Using Soluble gp41 Fusion Proteins and Peptides Derived from M Group Consensus Envelope. Virology, 372(2):442-456, 15 Mar 2008. PubMed ID: 18068750. Show all entries for this paper.

Perez2009 Lautaro G. Perez, Matthew R. Costa, Christopher A. Todd, Barton F. Haynes, and David C. Montefiori. Utilization of Immunoglobulin G Fc Receptors by Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1: A Specific Role for Antibodies against the Membrane-Proximal External Region of gp41. J. Virol., 83(15):7397-7410, Aug 2009. PubMed ID: 19458010. Show all entries for this paper.

Pinter1989 A. Pinter, W. J. Honnen, S. A. Tilley, C. Bona, H. Zaghouani, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Oligomeric Structure of gp41, the Transmembrane Protein of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. J. Virol., 63:2674-2679, 1989. PubMed ID: 2786089. Show all entries for this paper.

Pollara2013 Justin Pollara, Mattia Bonsignori, M. Anthony Moody, Marzena Pazgier, Barton F. Haynes, and Guido Ferrari. Epitope Specificity of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Antibody Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity (ADCC) Responses. Curr. HIV Res., 11(5):378-387, Jul 2013. PubMed ID: 24191939. Show all entries for this paper.

Robinson1990a W. E. Robinson, Jr., T. Kawamura, M. K. Gorny, D. Lake, J.-Y. Xu, Y. Matsumoto, T. Sugano, Y. Masuho, W. M. Mitchell, E. Hersh, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies to the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Transmembrane Glycoprotein gp41 Enhance HIV-1 Infection In Vitro. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 87:3185-3189, 1990. Three gp41 MAbs out of 16 Env and Gag MAbs tested enhanced HIV-1 IIIB infection of MT-2 cells. The enhancing antibodies were competitive with the immunodominant epitopes of gp41 recognized by sera from HIV-1 infected subjects. PubMed ID: 2326277. Show all entries for this paper.

Robinson1991 W. E. Robinson, M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, W. M. Mitchell, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Two Immunodominant Domains of gp41 Bind Antibodies Which Enhance Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection In Vitro. J. Virol., 65:4169-4176, 1991. PubMed ID: 2072448. Show all entries for this paper.

Sattentau1991 Q. J. Sattentau and J. P. Moore. Conformational Changes Induced in the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Envelope Glycoprotein by Soluble CD4 Binding. J. Exp. Med., 174:407-415, 1991. sCD4 binding to gp120 induces conformational changes within envelope oligomers. This was measured on HIV-1-infected cells by the increased binding of gp120/V3 loop specific MAbs, and on the surface of virions by increased cleavage of the V3 loop by an exogenous proteinase. PubMed ID: 1713252. Show all entries for this paper.

Sattentau1995 Q. J. Sattentau, S. Zolla-Pazner, and P. Poignard. Epitope Exposure on Functional, Oligomeric HIV-1 gp41 Molecules. Virology, 206:713-717, 1995. Most gp41 epitopes are masked when associated with gp120 on the cell surface. Weak binding of anti-gp41 MAbs can be enhanced by treatment with sCD4. MAb 2F5 binds to a membrane proximal epitope which binds in the presence of gp120 without sCD4. PubMed ID: 7530400. Show all entries for this paper.

Shi2010 Wuxian Shi, Jen Bohon, Dong P. Han, Habtom Habte, Yali Qin, Michael W. Cho, and Mark R. Chance. Structural Characterization of HIV gp41 with the Membrane-Proximal External Region. J. Biol. Chem., 285(31):24290-24298, 30 Jul 2010. PubMed ID: 20525690. Show all entries for this paper.

Spear1993 G. T. Spear, D. M. Takefman, B. L. Sullivan, A. L. Landay, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Complement activation by human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol., 67:53-59, 1993. This study looked at the ability of 16 human MAbs to activate complement. MAbs directed against the V3 region could induce C3 deposition on infected cells and virolysis of free virus, but antibodies to the CD4BS and C-terminal region and two regions in gp41 could induce no complement mediated effects. Pre-treatment with sCD4 could increase complement-mediated effects of anti-gp41 MAbs, but decreased the complement-mediated effects of V3 MAbs. Anti-gp41 MAbs were able to affect IIIB but not MN virolysis, suggesting spontaneous shedding of gp120 on IIIB virions exposes gp41 epitopes. IgG isotype did not appear to have an effect on virolysis or C3 deposition. PubMed ID: 7677959. Show all entries for this paper.

Tani1994 Y. Tani, E. Donoghue, S. Sharpe, E. Boone, H. C. Lane, S. Zolla-Pazner, and D. I. Cohen. Enhanced In Vitro Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication in B Cells Expressing Surface Antibody to the TM Env Protein. J. Virol., 68:1942-1950, 1994. The MAb 98-6 was expressed as a surface anti-gp41 monoclonal antibody receptor for gp41 (sIg/gp41) by transfection into a CD4-negative B-cell line. Transfected cells could bind HIV envelope, but could not be infected by HIV-1. When CD4 delivered by retroviral constructs was expressed on these cells, they acquired the ability to replicate HIV-1, and sIg/gp41 specifically enhanced viral replication. PubMed ID: 8107254. Show all entries for this paper.

Taniguchi2000 Y. Taniguchi, S. Zolla-Pazner, Y. Xu, X. Zhang, S. Takeda, and T. Hattori. Human monoclonal antibody 98-6 reacts with the fusogenic form of gp41. Virology, 273(2):333--40, 1 Aug 2000. PubMed ID: 10915604. Show all entries for this paper.

Till1989 M. A. Till, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, J. W. Uhr, and E. S. Vitetta. Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected T Cells and Monocytes Are Killed by Monoclonal Human Anti-gp41 Antibodies Coupled to Ricin A Chain. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 86:1987-1991, 1989. PubMed ID: 2538826. Show all entries for this paper.

Tyler1990 D. S. Tyler, S. D. Stanley, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, P. P. Shadduck, A. J. Langlois, T. J. Matthews, D. P. Bolognesi, T. J. Palker, and K. J. Weinhold. Identification of sites within gp41 that serve as targets for antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity by using human monoclonal antibodies. J. Immunol., 145:3276-3282, 1990. PubMed ID: 1700004. Show all entries for this paper.

Usami2005 Osamu Usami, Peng Xiao, Hong Ling, Yi Liu, Tadashi Nakasone, and Toshio Hattori. Properties of Anti-gp41 Core Structure Antibodies, Which Compete with Sera of HIV-1-Infected Patients. Microbes Infect., 7(4):650-657, Apr 2005. PubMed ID: 15823513. Show all entries for this paper.

Verrier2001 F. Verrier, A. Nadas, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Additive effects characterize the interaction of antibodies involved in neutralization of the primary dualtropic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolate 89.6. J. Virol., 75(19):9177--86, Oct 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/19/9177. PubMed ID: 11533181. Show all entries for this paper.

vonBredow2016 Benjamin von Bredow, Juan F. Arias, Lisa N. Heyer, Brian Moldt, Khoa Le, James E. Robinson, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Dennis R. Burton, and David T. Evans. Comparison of Antibody-Dependent Cell-Mediated Cytotoxicity and Virus Neutralization by HIV-1 Env-Specific Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 90(13):6127-6139, 1 Jul 2016. PubMed ID: 27122574. Show all entries for this paper.

Wisnewski1996 A. Wisnewski, L. Cavacini, and M. Posner. Human antibody variable region gene usage in HIV-1 infection. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr. Hum. Retrovirol., 11:31-38, 1996. PubMed ID: 8528730. Show all entries for this paper.

Witt2017 Kristen C. Witt, Luis Castillo-Menendez, Haitao Ding, Nicole Espy, Shijian Zhang, John C. Kappes, and Joseph Sodroski. Antigenic Characterization of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1) Envelope Glycoprotein Precursor Incorporated into Nanodiscs. PLoS One, 12(2):e0170672, 2017. PubMed ID: 28151945. Show all entries for this paper.

Xu1991 J.-Y. Xu, M. K. Gorny, T. Palker, S. Karwowska, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Epitope mapping of two immunodominant domains of gp41, the transmembrane protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1, using ten human monoclonal antibodies. J. Virol., 65:4832-4838, 1991. The immunodominance of linear epitope in the region 590-600 of gp41 (cluster I) was established, and a second conformational epitope was mapped that reacted with a region between amino acids 644 and 663 (cluster II). Titration experiments showed that there was 100-fold more antibody to cluster I than cluster II in patient sera. PubMed ID: 1714520. Show all entries for this paper.

Yuan2009 Wen Yuan, Xing Li, Marta Kasterka, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Joseph Sodroski. Oligomer-Specific Conformations of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1) gp41 Envelope Glycoprotein Ectodomain Recognized by Human Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 25(3):319-328, Mar 2009. PubMed ID: 19292593. Show all entries for this paper.


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