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Displaying record number 467

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MAb ID 257-D (257, 257-2-D-IV, 257-D-IV, 257, 257-2D, 257D, ARP3023)
HXB2 Location gp160(305-309)
DNA(7137..7151)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120( MN)
Research Contact Susan Zolla-Pazner (Zollas01@mcrcr6.med.nyu) (NYU Med. Center)
Epitope KRIHI Epitope Alignment
KRIHI epitope logo
Subtype B
Ab Type gp120 V3 // V3 glycan (V3g)
Neutralizing L
Species (Isotype) human(IgG1λ)
Patient 257
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords antibody binding site, antibody generation, antibody interactions, antibody sequence, assay or method development, binding affinity, co-receptor, complement, dendritic cells, enhancing activity, kinetics, mimotopes, neutralization, review, structure, subtype comparisons, vaccine antigen design, vaccine-induced immune responses, variant cross-reactivity

Notes

Showing 42 of 42 notes.

References

Showing 42 of 42 references.

Isolation Paper
Gorny1991 M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, V. Gianakakos, S. Karwowska, C. Williams, H. W. Sheppard, C. V. Hanson, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Production of site-selected neutralizing human monoclonal antibodies against the third variable domain of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoprotein. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 88:3238-3242, 1991. PubMed ID: 2014246. Show all entries for this paper.

Beddows1999 S. Beddows, S. Lister, R. Cheingsong, C. Bruck, and J. Weber. Comparison of the Antibody Repertoire Generated in Healthy Volunteers following Immunization with a Monomeric Recombinant gp120 Construct Derived from a CCR5/CXCR4-Using Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate with Sera from Naturally Infected Individuals. J. Virol., 73:1740-1745, 1999. PubMed ID: 9882391. Show all entries for this paper.

Cavacini1993 L. A. Cavacini, C. L. Emes, J. Power, A. Buchbinder, S. Zolla-Pazner, and M. R. Posner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies to the V3 Loop of HIV-1 gp120 Mediate Variable and Distinct Effects on Binding and Viral Neutralization by a Human Monoclonal Antibody to the CD4 Binding Site. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr., 6:353-358, 1993. PubMed ID: 8455141. Show all entries for this paper.

Davis2009 Katie L. Davis, Frederic Bibollet-Ruche, Hui Li, Julie M. Decker, Olaf Kutsch, Lynn Morris, Aidy Salomon, Abraham Pinter, James A. Hoxie, Beatrice H. Hahn, Peter D. Kwong, and George M. Shaw. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 2 (HIV-2)/HIV-1 Envelope Chimeras Detect High Titers of Broadly Reactive HIV-1 V3-Specific Antibodies in Human Plasma. J. Virol., 83(3):1240-1259, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 19019969. Show all entries for this paper.

DSouza1991 M. P. D'Souza, P. Durda, C. V. Hanson, G. Milman, and Collaborating Investigators. Evaluation of Monoclonal Antibodies to HIV-1 by Neutralization and Serological Assays: An International Collaboration. AIDS, 5:1061-1070, 1991. PubMed ID: 1718320. Show all entries for this paper.

DSouza1994 M. P. D'Souza, S. J. Geyer, C. V. Hanson, R. M. Hendry, G. Milman, and Collaborating Investigators. Evaluation of Monoclonal Antibodies to HIV-1 Envelope by Neutralization and Binding Assays: An International Collaboration. AIDS, 8:169-181, 1994. PubMed ID: 7519019. Show all entries for this paper.

DSouza1995 M. P. D'Souza, G. Milman, J. A. Bradac, D. McPhee, C. V. Hanson, and R. M. Hendry. Neutralization of Primary HIV-1 Isolates by Anti-Envelope Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS, 9:867-874, 1995. Eleven labs tested the 6 human MAbs 1125H, TH9, 4.8D, 257-D-IV, TH1, 2F5, and also HIVIG for neutralization of MN, JRCSF, the two B clade primary isolates 301657 and THA/92/026, and the D clade isolate UG/92/21. 2F5 was the most broadly neutralizing, better than HIVIG. The other MAbs showed limited neutralization of only MN (anti-CD4BS MAbs 1125H, TH9, and 4.8D), or MN and JRCSF (anti-V3 MAbs 257-D-IV and TH1). PubMed ID: 7576320. Show all entries for this paper.

Fontenot1995 J. D. Fontenot, T. C. VanCott, B. S. Parekh, C. P. Pau, J. R. George, D. L. Birx, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and J. M. Gatewood. Presentation of HIV V3 Loop Epitopes for Enhanced Antigenicity, Immunogenicity and Diagnostic Potential. AIDS, 9:1121-1129, 1995. PubMed ID: 8519447. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1993 M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, S. Karwowska, A. Buchbinder, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Repertoire of Neutralizing Human Monoclonal Antibodies Specific for The V3 Domain of HIV-1 gp120. J. Immunol., 150:635-643, 1993. Characterizaton of 12 human MAbs that bind and neutralize the MN isolate with 50\% neutralization. Two of these antibodies also bound and neutralized IIIB: 447-52-D and 694/98-D; all others could not bind HXB2 peptides. All but two, 418-D and 412-D could bind to SF2 peptides. PubMed ID: 7678279. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1998 M. K. Gorny, J. R. Mascola, Z. R. Israel, T. C. VanCott, C. Williams, P. Balfe, C. Hioe, S. Brodine, S. Burda, and S. Zolla-Pazner. A Human Monoclonal Antibody Specific for the V3 Loop of HIV Type 1 Clade E Cross-Reacts with Other HIV Type 1 Clades. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 14:213-221, 1998. PubMed ID: 9491911. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2004 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Kathy Revesz, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Mark K. Louder, Christopher A. Anyangwe, Chavdar Krachmarov, Samuel C. Kayman, Abraham Pinter, Arthur Nadas, Phillipe N. Nyambi, John R. Mascola, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. The V3 Loop is Accessible on the Surface of Most Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolates and Serves as a Neutralization Epitope. J. Virol., 78(5):2394-2404, Mar 2004. PubMed ID: 14963135. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2009 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Bradley Witover, Sherri Burda, Mateusz Urbanski, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Arthur Nadas. Preferential Use of the VH5-51 Gene Segment by the Human Immune Response to Code for Antibodies against the V3 Domain of HIV-1. Mol. Immunol., 46(5):917-926, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 18952295. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2011 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Jared Sampson, Huiguang Li, Xunqing Jiang, Maxim Totrov, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Timothy O'Neal, Barbara Volsky, Liuzhe Li, Timothy Cardozo, Phillipe Nyambi, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Xiang-Peng Kong. Human Anti-V3 HIV-1 Monoclonal Antibodies Encoded by the VH5-51/VL Lambda Genes Define a Conserved Antigenic Structure. PLoS One, 6(12):e27780, 2011. PubMed ID: 22164215. Show all entries for this paper.

Hill1997 C. M. Hill, H. Deng, D. Unutmaz, V. N. Kewalramani, L. Bastiani, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and D. R. Littman. Envelope glycoproteins from human immunodeficiency virus types 1 and 2 and simian immunodeficiency virus can use human CCR5 as a coreceptor for viral entry and make direct CD4-dependent interactions with this chemokine receptor. J. Virol., 71:6296-6304, 1997. PubMed ID: 9261346. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe1997b C. E. Hioe, S. Xu, P. Chigurupati, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Neutralization of HIV-1 Primary Isolates by Polyclonal and Monoclonal Human Antibodies. Int. Immunol., 9(9):1281-1290, Sep 1997. PubMed ID: 9310831. Show all entries for this paper.

Holl2006 Vincent Holl, Maryse Peressin, Thomas Decoville, Sylvie Schmidt, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Anne-Marie Aubertin, and Christiane Moog. Nonneutralizing Antibodies Are Able To Inhibit Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication in Macrophages and Immature Dendritic Cells. J. Virol., 80(12):6177-6181, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16731957. Show all entries for this paper.

Karwowska1992a S. Karwowska, M. K. Gorny, A. Buchbinder, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Type-specific human monoclonal antibodies cross-react with the V3-loop of various HIV-1 isolates. Vaccines 92, :171-174, 1992. Editors: F. Brown, H. S. Ginsberg and R. Lerner, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY. Show all entries for this paper.

LaCasse1998 R. A. LaCasse, K. E. Follis, T. Moudgil, M. Trahey, J. M. Binley, V. Planelles, S. Zolla-Pazner, and J. H. Nunberg. Coreceptor utilization by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is not a primary determinant of neutralization sensitivity. J. Virol., 72:2491-5, 1998. A T-cell line-adapted (TCLA) derivative of SI primary isolate 168P acquired the ability to to be neutralized by anti-V3 MAbs 257-D, 268-D and 50.1. The primary isolate could use either CCR5 or CXCR4, and was not neutralized when infection was directed via either pathway, but the TCLA derivative uses CXCR4 only and is neutralized. Thus coreceptor usage is not the primary determinant of differential neutralization sensitivity in primary versus TCLA strains. PubMed ID: 9499111. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi2000 P. N. Nyambi, H. A. Mbah, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, A. Nadas, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Conserved and Exposed Epitopes on Intact, Native, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virions of Group M. J. Virol., 74:7096-7107, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888650. Show all entries for this paper.

Oggioni1999 M. R. Oggioni, D. Medaglini, L. Romano, F. Peruzzi, T. Maggi, L. Lozzi, L. Bracci, M. Zazzi, F. Manca, P. E. Valensin, and G. Pozzi. Antigenicity and Immunogenicity of the V3 Domain of HIV Type 1 Glycoprotein 120 Expressed on the Surface of Streptococcus gordonii. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 15:451-459, 1999. PubMed ID: 10195755. Show all entries for this paper.

Park2000 E. J. Park, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and G. V. Quinnan. A global neutralization resistance phenotype of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is determined by distinct mechanisms mediating enhanced infectivity and conformational change of the envelope complex. J. Virol., 74:4183-91, 2000. PubMed ID: 10756031. Show all entries for this paper.

Patel2008 Milloni B Patel, Noah G. Hoffman, and Ronald Swanstrom. Subtype-Specific Conformational Differences within the V3 Region of Subtype B and Subtype C Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Env Proteins. J. Virol., 82(2):903-916, Jan 2008. PubMed ID: 18003735. Show all entries for this paper.

Schutten1995 M. Schutten, A. C. Andeweg, M. L. Bosch, and A. D. Osterhaus. Enhancement of Infectivity of a Non-Syncytium Inducing HIV-1 by sCD4 and by Human Antibodies that Neutralize Syncytium Inducing HIV-1. Scand. J. Immunol., 41:18-22, 1995. PubMed ID: 7824885. Show all entries for this paper.

Schutten1995a M. Schutten, J. P. Langedijk, A. C. Andeweg, R. C. Huisman, R. H. Meloen, and A. D. Osterhaus. Characterization of a V3 Domain-Specific Neutralizing Human Monoclonal Antibody That Preferentially Recognizes Non-Syncytium-Inducing Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Strains. J. Gen. Virol., 76:1665-1673, 1995. Characterization of HuMAb MN215. PubMed ID: 9049372. Show all entries for this paper.

Schutten1996 M. Schutten, K. Tenner-Racz, P. Racz, D. W. van Bekkum, and A. D. Osterhaus. Human antibodies that neutralize primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in vitro do not provide protection in an in vivo model. J. Gen. Virol., 77:1667-75, Aug 1996. PubMed ID: 8760413. Show all entries for this paper.

Schutten1997 M. Schutten, A. C. Andeweg, G. F. Rimmelzwaan, and A. D. Osterhaus. Modulation of primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoprotein-mediated entry by human antibodies. J. Gen. Virol., 78:999-1006, 1997. A series of HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins from related primary virus isolates of different SI phenotypes, together with chimeras of these proteins, were tested in an envelope trans-complementation assay for their sensitivity to either antibody mediated inhibition or enhancement of HIV-1 entry. In contrast to the inhibition of HIV-1 entry, antibody mediated enhancement was not temperature dependent and could not be mediated by F(ab) fragments, implicating cross-linking as an important step. Enhancement or inhibition seemed to be determined by virus isolate rather than by the specificity of the antiserum used. 2F5 was the only MAb that inhibited the entry of all viruses. PubMed ID: 9152416. Show all entries for this paper.

Spear1993 G. T. Spear, D. M. Takefman, B. L. Sullivan, A. L. Landay, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Complement activation by human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol., 67:53-59, 1993. This study looked at the ability of 16 human MAbs to activate complement. MAbs directed against the V3 region could induce C3 deposition on infected cells and virolysis of free virus, but antibodies to the CD4BS and C-terminal region and two regions in gp41 could induce no complement mediated effects. Pre-treatment with sCD4 could increase complement-mediated effects of anti-gp41 MAbs, but decreased the complement-mediated effects of V3 MAbs. Anti-gp41 MAbs were able to affect IIIB but not MN virolysis, suggesting spontaneous shedding of gp120 on IIIB virions exposes gp41 epitopes. IgG isotype did not appear to have an effect on virolysis or C3 deposition. PubMed ID: 7677959. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1995 L. Stamatatos and C. Cheng-Mayer. Structural Modulations of the Envelope gp120 Glycoprotein of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 upon Oligomerization and the Differential V3 Loop Epitope Exposure of Isolates Displaying Distinct Tropism upon Viral-Soluble Receptor Binding. J. Virol., 69:6191-6198, 1995. PubMed ID: 7545244. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1997 L. Stamatatos, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and C. Cheng-Mayer. Binding of Antibodies to Virion-Associated gp120 Molecules of Primary-Like Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Isolates: Effect on HIV-1 Infection of Macrophages and Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells. Virology, 229:360-369, 1997. PubMed ID: 9126249. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1998 L. Stamatatos and C. Cheng-Mayer. An Envelope Modification That Renders a Primary, Neutralization-Resistant Clade B Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate Highly Susceptible to Neutralization by Sera from Other Clades. J. Virol., 72:7840-7845, 1998. PubMed ID: 9733820. Show all entries for this paper.

Totrov2010 Maxim Totrov, Xunqing Jiang, Xiang-Peng Kong, Sandra Cohen, Chavdar Krachmarov, Aidy Salomon, Constance Williams, Michael S. Seaman, Ruben Abagyan, Timothy Cardozo, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Shixia Wang, Shan Lu, Abraham Pinter, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Structure-Guided Design and Immunological Characterization of Immunogens Presenting the HIV-1 gp120 V3 Loop on a CTB Scaffold. Virology, 405(2):513-523, 30 Sep 2010. PubMed ID: 20663531. Show all entries for this paper.

VanCott1994 T. C. VanCott, F. R. Bethke, V. R. Polonis, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, R. R. Redfield, and D. L. Birx. Dissociation Rate of Antibody-gp120 Binding Interactions Is Predictive of V3-Mediated Neutralization of HIV-1. J. Immunol., 153:449-459, 1994. Using surface plasmon resonance it was found that the rate of the dissociation of the MAb-gp120 complex, but not the association rate, correlated with MAbs ability to neutralize homologous virus (measured by 50\% inhibition of p24 production). Association constants were similar for all MAbs tested, varying less than 4-fold. Dissociation rate constants were quite variable, with 100-fold differences observed. PubMed ID: 7515931. Show all entries for this paper.

Vella2002 Cherelyn Vella, Natalie N. Zheng, Philippa Easterbrook, and Rod S. Daniels. Herpesvirus saimiri-Immortalized Human Lymphocytes: Novel Hosts for Analyzing HIV Type 1 in Vitro Neutralization. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 18(13):933-946, 1 Sep 2002. PubMed ID: 12230936. Show all entries for this paper.

Vincent2012 Nadine Vincent and Etienne Malvoisin. Ability of Antibodies Specific to the HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein to Block the Fusion Inhibitor T20 in a Cell-Cell Fusion Assay. Immunobiology, 217(10):943-950, Oct 2012. PubMed ID: 22387075. Show all entries for this paper.

Wisnewski1996 A. Wisnewski, L. Cavacini, and M. Posner. Human antibody variable region gene usage in HIV-1 infection. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr. Hum. Retrovirol., 11:31-38, 1996. PubMed ID: 8528730. Show all entries for this paper.

Yang1998 G. Yang, M. P. D'Souza, and G. N. Vyas. Neutralizing Antibodies against HIV Determined by Amplification of Viral Long Terminal Repeat Sequences from Cells Infected In Vitro by Nonneutralized Virions. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr. Hum. Retrovirol., 17:27-34, 1998. A neutralization assay was developed based on heminested PCR amplification of the LTR (HNPCR) -- LTR-HNPCR consistently revealed HIV DNA and was shown to be a rapid, specific and reliable neutralization assay based on tests with 6 MAbs and 5 HIV isolates. PubMed ID: 9436755. Show all entries for this paper.

York2001 J. York, K. E. Follis, M. Trahey, P. N. Nyambi, S. Zolla-Pazner, and J. H. Nunberg. Antibody binding and neutralization of primary and T-cell line-adapted isolates of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J. Virol., 75(6):2741--52, Mar 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/6/2741. PubMed ID: 11222697. Show all entries for this paper.

Zhang2002 Peng Fei Zhang, Peter Bouma, Eun Ju Park, Joseph B. Margolick, James E. Robinson, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Michael N. Flora, and Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr. A Variable Region 3 (V3) Mutation Determines a Global Neutralization Phenotype and CD4-Independent Infectivity of a Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Associated with a Broadly Cross-Reactive, Primary Virus-Neutralizing Antibody Response. J. Virol., 76(2):644-655, Jan 2002. PubMed ID: 11752155. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1995 S. Zolla-Pazner, J. O'Leary, S. Burda, M. K. Gorny, M. Kim, J. Mascola, and F. McCutchan. Serotyping of primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolates from diverse geographic locations by flow cytometry. J. Virol., 69:3807-3815, 1995. A set of 13 human MAbs to a variety of epitopes were tested against a panel of primary isolates of HIV-1, representing different genetic clades. The V3 loop tended to be B clade restricted, and a single gp120 C-terminus binding antibody was clade specific. Two other gp120 C-terminus binding antibodies were group specific. PubMed ID: 7745728. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999a S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, P. N. Nyambi, T. C. VanCott, and A. Nadas. Immunotyping of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV): An Approach to Immunologic Classification of HIV. J. Virol., 73:4042-4051, 1999. 21 human anti-V3 MAbs were studied with respect to cross-clade reactivity and immunological relationship to other human anti-V3 MAbs. Broad cross-reactivities were observed, and V3 peptides were grouped into immunotypes that contained peptides from several clades. PubMed ID: 10196300. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999b S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and P. N. Nyambi. The implications of antigenic diversity for vaccine development. Immunol. Lett., 66:159-64, 1999. PubMed ID: 10203049. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 474

Download this epitope record as JSON.

MAb ID 391/95-D (391-95D, 391.5, 391/95D, 391/95,391-95)
HXB2 Location gp160(305-318)
DNA(7137..7178)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120( MN)
Research Contact Susan Zolla-Pazner (Zollas01@mcrcr6.med.nyu) (NYU Med. Center)
Epitope KRIHIGPGRAFY Epitope Alignment
KRIHIGPGRAFY epitope logo
Subtype B
Ab Type gp120 V3 // V3 glycan (V3g)
Neutralizing L
Species (Isotype) human(IgG1κ)
Patient  
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords acute/early infection, antibody binding site, antibody sequence, binding affinity, co-receptor, dendritic cells, enhancing activity, neutralization, review, structure, subtype comparisons, vaccine antigen design, variant cross-reactivity

Notes

Showing 21 of 21 notes.

References

Showing 22 of 22 references.

Isolation Paper
Gorny1993 M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, S. Karwowska, A. Buchbinder, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Repertoire of Neutralizing Human Monoclonal Antibodies Specific for The V3 Domain of HIV-1 gp120. J. Immunol., 150:635-643, 1993. Characterizaton of 12 human MAbs that bind and neutralize the MN isolate with 50\% neutralization. Two of these antibodies also bound and neutralized IIIB: 447-52-D and 694/98-D; all others could not bind HXB2 peptides. All but two, 418-D and 412-D could bind to SF2 peptides. PubMed ID: 7678279. Show all entries for this paper.

Fontenot1995 J. D. Fontenot, T. C. VanCott, B. S. Parekh, C. P. Pau, J. R. George, D. L. Birx, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and J. M. Gatewood. Presentation of HIV V3 Loop Epitopes for Enhanced Antigenicity, Immunogenicity and Diagnostic Potential. AIDS, 9:1121-1129, 1995. PubMed ID: 8519447. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2004 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Kathy Revesz, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Mark K. Louder, Christopher A. Anyangwe, Chavdar Krachmarov, Samuel C. Kayman, Abraham Pinter, Arthur Nadas, Phillipe N. Nyambi, John R. Mascola, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. The V3 Loop is Accessible on the Surface of Most Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolates and Serves as a Neutralization Epitope. J. Virol., 78(5):2394-2404, Mar 2004. PubMed ID: 14963135. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2009 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Bradley Witover, Sherri Burda, Mateusz Urbanski, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Arthur Nadas. Preferential Use of the VH5-51 Gene Segment by the Human Immune Response to Code for Antibodies against the V3 Domain of HIV-1. Mol. Immunol., 46(5):917-926, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 18952295. Show all entries for this paper.

Guillon2002a Christophe Guillon, Carel A. van Baalen, Patrick H. M. Boers, Esther J. Verschuren, Rob A. Gruters, and Albert D. M. E. Osterhaus. Construction and Characterisation of Infectious Recombinant HIV-1 Clones Containing CTL Epitopes from Structural Proteins in Nef. J Virol Methods, 99(1-2):115-121, Jan 2002. PubMed ID: 11684309. Show all entries for this paper.

Haldar2011 Bijayesh Haldar, Sherri Burda, Constance Williams, Leo Heyndrickx, Guido Vanham, Miroslaw K. Gorny, and Phillipe Nyambi. Longitudinal Study of Primary HIV-1 Isolates in Drug-Naïve Individuals Reveals the Emergence of Variants Sensitive to Anti-HIV-1 Monoclonal Antibodies. PLoS One, 6(2):e17253, 2011. PubMed ID: 21383841. Show all entries for this paper.

Holl2006 Vincent Holl, Maryse Peressin, Thomas Decoville, Sylvie Schmidt, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Anne-Marie Aubertin, and Christiane Moog. Nonneutralizing Antibodies Are Able To Inhibit Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication in Macrophages and Immature Dendritic Cells. J. Virol., 80(12):6177-6181, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16731957. Show all entries for this paper.

Lawson2002 Victoria A. Lawson, Robert Oelrichs, Christophe Guillon, Allison A. Imrie, David A. Cooper, Nicholas J. Deacon, and Dale A. McPhee. Adaptive Changes after Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Transmission. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 18(8):545-556, 20 May 2002. PubMed ID: 12036484. Show all entries for this paper.

Ly2000 A. Ly and L. Stamatatos. V2 Loop Glycosylation of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 SF162 Envelope Facilitates Interaction of this Protein with CD4 and CCR5 Receptors and Protects the Virus from Neutralization by Anti-V3 Loop and Anti-CD4 Binding Site Antibodies. J. Virol., 74:6769-6776, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888615. Show all entries for this paper.

McCaffrey2004 Ruth A McCaffrey, Cheryl Saunders, Mike Hensel, and Leonidas Stamatatos. N-Linked Glycosylation of the V3 Loop and the Immunologically Silent Face of gp120 Protects Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 SF162 from Neutralization by Anti-gp120 and Anti-gp41 Antibodies. J. Virol., 78(7):3279-3295, Apr 2004. PubMed ID: 15016849. Show all entries for this paper.

Park2000 E. J. Park, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and G. V. Quinnan. A global neutralization resistance phenotype of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is determined by distinct mechanisms mediating enhanced infectivity and conformational change of the envelope complex. J. Virol., 74:4183-91, 2000. PubMed ID: 10756031. Show all entries for this paper.

Seligman1996 S. J. Seligman, J. M. Binley, M. K. Gorny, D. R. Burton, S. Zolla-Pazner, and K. A. Sokolowski. Characterization by Serial Deletion Competition ELISAs of HIV-1 V3 Loop Epitopes Recognized by Monoclonal Antibodies. Mol. Immunol., 33:737-745, 1996. PubMed ID: 8811069. Show all entries for this paper.

Srivastava2008 Indresh K. Srivastava, Elaine Kan, Yide Sun, Victoria A. Sharma, Jimna Cisto, Brian Burke, Ying Lian, Susan Hilt, Zohar Biron, Karin Hartog, Leonidas Stamatatos, Ruben Diaz-Avalos, R Holland Cheng, Jeffrey B. Ulmer, and Susan W. Barnett. Comparative Evaluation of Trimeric Envelope Glycoproteins Derived from Subtype C and B HIV-1 R5 Isolates. Virology, 372(2):273-290, 15 Mar 2008. PubMed ID: 18061231. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1995 L. Stamatatos and C. Cheng-Mayer. Structural Modulations of the Envelope gp120 Glycoprotein of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 upon Oligomerization and the Differential V3 Loop Epitope Exposure of Isolates Displaying Distinct Tropism upon Viral-Soluble Receptor Binding. J. Virol., 69:6191-6198, 1995. PubMed ID: 7545244. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1997 L. Stamatatos, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and C. Cheng-Mayer. Binding of Antibodies to Virion-Associated gp120 Molecules of Primary-Like Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Isolates: Effect on HIV-1 Infection of Macrophages and Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells. Virology, 229:360-369, 1997. PubMed ID: 9126249. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1998 L. Stamatatos and C. Cheng-Mayer. An Envelope Modification That Renders a Primary, Neutralization-Resistant Clade B Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate Highly Susceptible to Neutralization by Sera from Other Clades. J. Virol., 72:7840-7845, 1998. PubMed ID: 9733820. Show all entries for this paper.

Totrov2010 Maxim Totrov, Xunqing Jiang, Xiang-Peng Kong, Sandra Cohen, Chavdar Krachmarov, Aidy Salomon, Constance Williams, Michael S. Seaman, Ruben Abagyan, Timothy Cardozo, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Shixia Wang, Shan Lu, Abraham Pinter, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Structure-Guided Design and Immunological Characterization of Immunogens Presenting the HIV-1 gp120 V3 Loop on a CTB Scaffold. Virology, 405(2):513-523, 30 Sep 2010. PubMed ID: 20663531. Show all entries for this paper.

Zhang2002 Peng Fei Zhang, Peter Bouma, Eun Ju Park, Joseph B. Margolick, James E. Robinson, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Michael N. Flora, and Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr. A Variable Region 3 (V3) Mutation Determines a Global Neutralization Phenotype and CD4-Independent Infectivity of a Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Associated with a Broadly Cross-Reactive, Primary Virus-Neutralizing Antibody Response. J. Virol., 76(2):644-655, Jan 2002. PubMed ID: 11752155. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999a S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, P. N. Nyambi, T. C. VanCott, and A. Nadas. Immunotyping of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV): An Approach to Immunologic Classification of HIV. J. Virol., 73:4042-4051, 1999. 21 human anti-V3 MAbs were studied with respect to cross-clade reactivity and immunological relationship to other human anti-V3 MAbs. Broad cross-reactivities were observed, and V3 peptides were grouped into immunotypes that contained peptides from several clades. PubMed ID: 10196300. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999b S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and P. N. Nyambi. The implications of antigenic diversity for vaccine development. Immunol. Lett., 66:159-64, 1999. PubMed ID: 10203049. Show all entries for this paper.

Guillon2002 Christophe Guillon, Martin Schutten, Patrick H. M. Boers, Rob A. Gruters, and Albert D. M. E. Osterhaus. Antibody-Mediated Enhancement of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infectivity Is Determined by the Structure of gp120 and Depends on Modulation of the gp120-CCR5 Interaction. J. Virol., 76(6):2827-2834, Mar 2002. PubMed ID: 11861850. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 503

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MAb ID 50.1 (R/V3-50.1, Fab 50.1)
HXB2 Location gp160(306-310)
DNA(7140..7154)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120( MN)
Research Contact Mary White-Scharf, Repligen Corporation, Cambridge, MA
Epitope RIHIG Epitope Alignment
RIHIG epitope logo
Ab Type gp120 V3 // V3 glycan (V3g)
Neutralizing L
Species (Isotype) mouse(IgG1κ)
Patient  
Immunogen vaccine
Keywords antibody binding site, antibody generation, review, structure

Vaccine Details

Vaccine type peptide
Vaccine strain B clade MN
Vaccine component Env V3

Notes

Showing 22 of 22 notes.

References

Showing 23 of 23 references.

Isolation Paper
WhiteScharf1993 M. E. White-Scharf, B. J. Potts, L. M. Smith, K. A. Sokolowski, J. R. Rusche, and S. Silver. Broadly Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibodies to the V3 Region of HIV-1 Can Be Elicited by Peptide Immunization. Virology, 192:197-206, 1993. Using a V3 loop peptide as immunogen, a panel of 50 anti-V3 neutralizing monoclonal antibodies were generated. Four of them were characterized in detail in this paper. PubMed ID: 7685962. Show all entries for this paper.

Berman1997 P. W. Berman, A. M. Gray, T. Wrin, J. C. Vennari, D. J. Eastman, G. R. Nakamura, D. P. Francis, G. Gorse, and D. H. Schwartz. Genetic and Immunologic Characterization of Viruses Infecting MN-rgp120-Vaccinated Volunteers. J. Infect. Dis., 176:384-397, 1997. PubMed ID: 9237703. Show all entries for this paper.

Bou-Habib1994 D. C. Bou-Habib, G. Roderiquez, T. Oravecz, P. W. Berman, P. Lusso, and M. A. Norcross. Cryptic Nature of Envelope V3 Region Epitopes Protects Primary Monocytotropic Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 from Antibody Neutralization. J. Virol., 68:6006-6013, 1994. This paper shows that antibodies to the tip of the V3 loop fail to neutralize primary isolate JR-CSF, and that the V3 loop is far more accessible on the JR-CSF derived T-cell tropic strain T-CSF. Anti-V3 antibodies successfully neutralize T-CSF. Weak binding of anti-V3 antibodies to the primary isolate JR-CSF suggests the V3 loop is accessible only in a minor fraction of proteins. PubMed ID: 8057475. Show all entries for this paper.

DSouza1991 M. P. D'Souza, P. Durda, C. V. Hanson, G. Milman, and Collaborating Investigators. Evaluation of Monoclonal Antibodies to HIV-1 by Neutralization and Serological Assays: An International Collaboration. AIDS, 5:1061-1070, 1991. PubMed ID: 1718320. Show all entries for this paper.

Fontenot1995 J. D. Fontenot, T. C. VanCott, B. S. Parekh, C. P. Pau, J. R. George, D. L. Birx, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and J. M. Gatewood. Presentation of HIV V3 Loop Epitopes for Enhanced Antigenicity, Immunogenicity and Diagnostic Potential. AIDS, 9:1121-1129, 1995. PubMed ID: 8519447. Show all entries for this paper.

Ghiara1993 J. B. Ghiara, E. A. Stura, R. L. Stanfield, A. T. Profy, and I. A. Wilson. Crystal Structure of the Principal Neutralization Site of HIV-1. Science, 264:82-85, 1993. Crysal structure of V3 loop peptides bound to Fabs 59.1 and 50.1 was determined. The GPGRAF motif forms a double turn. PubMed ID: 7511253. Show all entries for this paper.

Hoffman1999 T. L. Hoffman, C. C. LaBranche, W. Zhang, G. Canziani, J. Robinson, I. Chaiken, J. A. Hoxie, and R. W. Doms. Stable exposure of the coreceptor-binding site in a CD4-independent HIV-1 envelope protein. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 96(11):6359--64, 25 May 1999. URL: http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/full/96/11/6359. PubMed ID: 10339592. Show all entries for this paper.

Huang2005 Chih-chin Huang, Min Tang, Mei-Yun Zhang, Shahzad Majeed, Elizabeth Montabana, Robyn L. Stanfield, Dimiter S. Dimitrov, Bette Korber, Joseph Sodroski, Ian A. Wilson, Richard Wyatt, and Peter D. Kwong. Structure of a V3-Containing HIV-1 gp120 Core. Science, 310(5750):1025-1028, 11 Nov 2005. PubMed ID: 16284180. Show all entries for this paper.

LaCasse1998 R. A. LaCasse, K. E. Follis, T. Moudgil, M. Trahey, J. M. Binley, V. Planelles, S. Zolla-Pazner, and J. H. Nunberg. Coreceptor utilization by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is not a primary determinant of neutralization sensitivity. J. Virol., 72:2491-5, 1998. A T-cell line-adapted (TCLA) derivative of SI primary isolate 168P acquired the ability to to be neutralized by anti-V3 MAbs 257-D, 268-D and 50.1. The primary isolate could use either CCR5 or CXCR4, and was not neutralized when infection was directed via either pathway, but the TCLA derivative uses CXCR4 only and is neutralized. Thus coreceptor usage is not the primary determinant of differential neutralization sensitivity in primary versus TCLA strains. PubMed ID: 9499111. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1994b J. P. Moore, F. E. McCutchan, S.-W. Poon, J. Mascola, J. Liu, Y. Cao, and D. D. Ho. Exploration of Antigenic Variation in gp120 from Clades A through F of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 by Using Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 68:8350-8364, 1994. Four of five anti-V3 MAbs were slightly cross-reactive within clade B, but not very reactive outside clade B. Two discontinuous CD4 binding site Mabs appear to be pan-reactive. Anti-V2 MAbs were only sporadically reactive inside and outside of clade B. PubMed ID: 7525988. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2008 Ralph Pantophlet, Terri Wrin, Lisa A. Cavacini, James E. Robinson, and Dennis R. Burton. Neutralizing Activity of Antibodies to the V3 Loop Region of HIV-1 gp120 Relative to Their Epitope Fine Specificity. Virology, 381(2):251-260, 25 Nov 2008. PubMed ID: 18822440. Show all entries for this paper.

Park2000 E. J. Park, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and G. V. Quinnan. A global neutralization resistance phenotype of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is determined by distinct mechanisms mediating enhanced infectivity and conformational change of the envelope complex. J. Virol., 74:4183-91, 2000. PubMed ID: 10756031. Show all entries for this paper.

Potts1993 B. J. Potts, K. G. Field, Y. Wu, M. Posner, L. Cavacini, and M. White-Scharf. Synergistic Inhibition of HIV-1 by CD4 Binding Domain Reagents and V3-Directed Monoclonal Antibodies. Virology, 197:415-419, 1993. Four anti-V3 loop MAbs, (59.1, 83.1, 50.1, and 58.2), were evaluated for their affinity, neutralization potencies, and their ability to synergize F105 or sCD4 neutralization. The most important parameter for synergy was the capacity to neutralize a given virus independently. PubMed ID: 8212576. Show all entries for this paper.

Rini1993 J. M. Rini, E. A. Stura, P. A. Salinas, A. T. Profy, and I. A. Wilson. Crystal Structure of a Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Neutralizing Antibody, 50.1, in Complex with its V3 Loop Peptide Antigen. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 90:6325-6329, 1993. The V3 antigenic site is stretched out, not the $\beta$ turn seen as the primary determinant in other published anti-V3 peptide Fab structures. PubMed ID: 8327513. Show all entries for this paper.

Robert-Guroff1994 M. Robert-Guroff, A. Louie, M. Myagkikh, F. Michaels, M. P. Kieny, M. E. White-Scharf, B. Potts, D. Grogg, and M. S. Reitz, Jr. Alteration of V3 Loop Context within the Envelope of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Enhances Neutralization. J. Virol., 68:3459-3466, 1994. MN-V3 loop inserted into a HBX2 background results in enhanced neutralization of anti-MN V3 MAb 50.1 and human HIV+ sera when the chimeric virus was compared to MN. Enhanced affinity, and greater proportions of labeled infected H9 cells by FACS analysis, were also observed using two anti-MN V3 MAbs, 50.1 and 83.1. PubMed ID: 7514675. Show all entries for this paper.

Seligman1996 S. J. Seligman, J. M. Binley, M. K. Gorny, D. R. Burton, S. Zolla-Pazner, and K. A. Sokolowski. Characterization by Serial Deletion Competition ELISAs of HIV-1 V3 Loop Epitopes Recognized by Monoclonal Antibodies. Mol. Immunol., 33:737-745, 1996. PubMed ID: 8811069. Show all entries for this paper.

Sirois2007 Suzanne Sirois, Mohamed Touaibia, Kuo-Chen Chou, and Rene Roy. Glycosylation of HIV-1 gp120 V3 Loop: Towards the Rational Design of a Synthetic Carbohydrate Vaccine. Curr. Med. Chem., 14(30):3232-3242, 2007. PubMed ID: 18220757. Show all entries for this paper.

Stanfield1999 R. Stanfield, E. Cabezas, A. Satterthwait, E. Stura, A. Profy, and I. Wilson. Dual Conformations for the HIV-1 gp120 V3 Loop in Complexes with Different Neutralizing Fabs. Structure, 7:131-142, 1999. PubMed ID: 10368281. Show all entries for this paper.

Stanfield2005 Robyn L. Stanfield and Ian A. Wilson. Structural Studies of Human HIV-1 V3 Antibodies. Hum Antibodies, 14(3-4):73-80, 2005. PubMed ID: 16720977. Show all entries for this paper.

VanCott1994 T. C. VanCott, F. R. Bethke, V. R. Polonis, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, R. R. Redfield, and D. L. Birx. Dissociation Rate of Antibody-gp120 Binding Interactions Is Predictive of V3-Mediated Neutralization of HIV-1. J. Immunol., 153:449-459, 1994. Using surface plasmon resonance it was found that the rate of the dissociation of the MAb-gp120 complex, but not the association rate, correlated with MAbs ability to neutralize homologous virus (measured by 50\% inhibition of p24 production). Association constants were similar for all MAbs tested, varying less than 4-fold. Dissociation rate constants were quite variable, with 100-fold differences observed. PubMed ID: 7515931. Show all entries for this paper.

VanCott1995 T. C. VanCott, F. R. Bethke, D. S. Burke, R. R. Redfield, and D. L. Birx. Lack of Induction of Antibodies Specific for Conserved, Discontinuous Epitopes of HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein by Candidate AIDS Vaccines. J. Immunol., 155:4100-4110, 1995. The Ab response in both HIV-1 infected and uninfected volunteers immunized with HIV-1 rec envelope subunit vaccines (Genentech gp120IIIB, MicroGeneSys gp160IIIB, or ImmunoAG gp160IIIB) preferentially induced Abs reactive only to the denatured form of gp120. This may explain the inability of the vaccinee sera to neutralize primary HIV-1 isolates. PubMed ID: 7561123. Show all entries for this paper.

York2001 J. York, K. E. Follis, M. Trahey, P. N. Nyambi, S. Zolla-Pazner, and J. H. Nunberg. Antibody binding and neutralization of primary and T-cell line-adapted isolates of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J. Virol., 75(6):2741--52, Mar 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/6/2741. PubMed ID: 11222697. Show all entries for this paper.

Zhang2002 Peng Fei Zhang, Peter Bouma, Eun Ju Park, Joseph B. Margolick, James E. Robinson, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Michael N. Flora, and Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr. A Variable Region 3 (V3) Mutation Determines a Global Neutralization Phenotype and CD4-Independent Infectivity of a Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Associated with a Broadly Cross-Reactive, Primary Virus-Neutralizing Antibody Response. J. Virol., 76(2):644-655, Jan 2002. PubMed ID: 11752155. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 457

Download this epitope record as JSON.

MAb ID 19b (N70-1.9b, N701.9b, 1.9B)
HXB2 Location gp160(309-320)
DNA(7149..7184)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120
Research Contact James Robinson, University of Connecticut, Storrs
Epitope SVHIGPGQAFYAT, SIHIGPGRAFYTT, SIRIGPGQTFYAT, RTHIGPQALYT T, SITIGPGQVFYRT, SIHLGPGQAFYAT Epitope Alignment
SVHIGPGQAFYAT, SIHIGPGRAFYTT, SIRIGPGQTFYAT, RTHIGPQALYT T, SITIGPGQVFYRT, SIHLGPGQAFYAT epitope logo
Ab Type gp120 V3 // V3 glycan (V3g)
Neutralizing L
Species (Isotype) human(IgG1κ)
Patient N70
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords ADCC, antibody binding site, antibody generation, antibody interactions, antibody polyreactivity, assay or method development, autoantibody or autoimmunity, binding affinity, broad neutralizer, glycosylation, neutralization, novel epitope, optimal epitope, review, structure, subtype comparisons, vaccine antigen design, vaccine-induced immune responses, variant cross-reactivity

Notes

Showing 65 of 65 notes.

References

Showing 65 of 65 references.

Isolation Paper
Robinson1990c J. E. Robinson, D. Holton, S. Pacheco-Morell, J. Liu, and H. McMurdo. Identification of Conserved and Variable Epitopes of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type-1 (HIV-1) gp120 by Human Monoclonal Antibodies Produced by EBV Transformed Cell Lines. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 6:567-579, 1990. PubMed ID: 1694449. Show all entries for this paper.

Berro2009 Reem Berro, Rogier W. Sanders, Min Lu, Per J. Klasse, and John P. Moore. Two HIV-1 Variants Resistant to Small Molecule CCR5 Inhibitors Differ in How They Use CCR5 for Entry. PLoS Pathog., 5(8):e1000548, Aug 2009. PubMed ID: 19680536. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley1997 J. M. Binley, H. Arshad, T. R. Fouts, and J. P. Moore. An investigation of the high avidity antibody response to gp120 of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 13:1007-1015, 1997. PubMed ID: 9264287. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley2000 J. Binley, R. Sanders, B. Clas, N. Schuelke, A. Master, Y. Guo, F. Kajumo, D. Anselma, P. Maddon, W. Olson, and J. Moore. A Recombinant Human Immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoprotein complex stabilized by an intramolecular disulfide bond between the gp120 and gp41 subunits is an antigenic mimic of the trimeric virion associated structure. J. Virol., 74:627-43, 1999. PubMed ID: 10623724. Show all entries for this paper.

Bontjer2010 Ilja Bontjer, Mark Melchers, Dirk Eggink, Kathryn David, John P. Moore, Ben Berkhout, and Rogier W. Sanders. Stabilized HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Trimers Lacking the V1V2 Domain, Obtained by Virus Evolution. J. Biol. Chem, 285(47):36456-36470, 19 Nov 2010. PubMed ID: 20826824. Show all entries for this paper.

Boots1997 L. J. Boots, P. M. McKenna, B. A. Arnold, P. M. Keller, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, J. E. Robinson, and A. J. Conley. Anti-human immunodeficiency virus type 1 human monoclonal antibodies that bind discontinuous epitopes in the viral glycoproteins can identify mimotopes from recombinant phage peptide display libraries. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 13:1549-59, 1997. PubMed ID: 9430247. Show all entries for this paper.

Bradley2016a Todd Bradley, Ashley Trama, Nancy Tumba, Elin Gray, Xiaozhi Lu, Navid Madani, Fatemeh Jahanbakhsh, Amanda Eaton, Shi-Mao Xia, Robert Parks, Krissey E. Lloyd, Laura L. Sutherland, Richard M. Scearce, Cindy M. Bowman, Susan Barnett, Salim S. Abdool-Karim, Scott D. Boyd, Bruno Melillo, Amos B. Smith, 3rd., Joseph Sodroski, Thomas B. Kepler, S. Munir Alam, Feng Gao, Mattia Bonsignori, Hua-Xin Liao, M Anthony Moody, David Montefiori, Sampa Santra, Lynn Morris, and Barton F. Haynes. Amino Acid Changes in the HIV-1 gp41 Membrane Proximal Region Control Virus Neutralization Sensitivity. EBioMedicine, 12:196-207, Oct 2016. PubMed ID: 27612593. Show all entries for this paper.

Castillo-Menendez2019 Luis R. Castillo-Menendez, Hanh T. Nguyen, and Joseph Sodroski. Conformational Differences between Functional Human Immunodeficiency Virus Envelope Glycoprotein Trimers and Stabilized Soluble Trimers. J. Virol., 93(3), 1 Feb 2019. PubMed ID: 30429345. Show all entries for this paper.

Cham2006 Fatim Cham, Peng Fei Zhang, Leo Heyndrickx, Peter Bouma, Ping Zhong, Herman Katinger, James Robinson, Guido van der Groen, and Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr. Neutralization and Infectivity Characteristics of Envelope Glycoproteins from Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infected Donors Whose Sera Exhibit Broadly Cross-Reactive Neutralizing Activity. Virology, 347(1):36-51, 30 Mar 2006. PubMed ID: 16378633. Show all entries for this paper.

Chen2015 Jia Chen, James M. Kovacs, Hanqin Peng, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Jianming Lu, Donghyun Park, Elise Zablowsky, Michael S. Seaman, and Bing Chen. Effect of the Cytoplasmic Domain on Antigenic Characteristics of HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein. Science, 349(6244):191-195, 10 Jul 2015. PubMed ID: 26113642. Show all entries for this paper.

Depetris2012 Rafael S Depetris, Jean-Philippe Julien, Reza Khayat, Jeong Hyun Lee, Robert Pejchal, Umesh Katpally, Nicolette Cocco, Milind Kachare, Evan Massi, Kathryn B. David, Albert Cupo, Andre J. Marozsan, William C. Olson, Andrew B. Ward, Ian A. Wilson, Rogier W. Sanders, and John P Moore. Partial Enzymatic Deglycosylation Preserves the Structure of Cleaved Recombinant HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Trimers. J. Biol. Chem., 287(29):24239-24254, 13 Jul 2012. PubMed ID: 22645128. Show all entries for this paper.

deTaeye2015 Steven W. de Taeye, Gabriel Ozorowski, Alba Torrents de la Peña, Miklos Guttman, Jean-Philippe Julien, Tom L. G. M. van den Kerkhof, Judith A. Burger, Laura K. Pritchard, Pavel Pugach, Anila Yasmeen, Jordan Crampton, Joyce Hu, Ilja Bontjer, Jonathan L. Torres, Heather Arendt, Joanne DeStefano, Wayne C. Koff, Hanneke Schuitemaker, Dirk Eggink, Ben Berkhout, Hansi Dean, Celia LaBranche, Shane Crotty, Max Crispin, David C. Montefiori, P. J. Klasse, Kelly K. Lee, John P. Moore, Ian A. Wilson, Andrew B. Ward, and Rogier W. Sanders. Immunogenicity of Stabilized HIV-1 Envelope Trimers with Reduced Exposure of Non-Neutralizing Epitopes. Cell, 163(7):1702-1715, 17 Dec 2015. PubMed ID: 26687358. Show all entries for this paper.

deTaeye2018 Steven W. de Taeye, Alba Torrents de la Peña, Andrea Vecchione, Enzo Scutigliani, Kwinten Sliepen, Judith A. Burger, Patricia van der Woude, Anna Schorcht, Edith E. Schermer, Marit J. van Gils, Celia C. LaBranche, David C. Montefiori, Ian A. Wilson, John P. Moore, Andrew B. Ward, and Rogier W. Sanders. Stabilization of the gp120 V3 Loop through Hydrophobic Interactions Reduces the Immunodominant V3-Directed Non-Neutralizing Response to HIV-1 Envelope Trimers. J. Biol. Chem., 293(5):1688-1701, 2 Feb 2018. PubMed ID: 29222332. Show all entries for this paper.

Ding2015 Shilei Ding, Maxime Veillette, Mathieu Coutu, Jérémie Prévost, Louise Scharf, Pamela J. Bjorkman, Guido Ferrari, James E. Robinson, Christina Stürzel, Beatrice H. Hahn, Daniel Sauter, Frank Kirchhoff, George K. Lewis, Marzena Pazgier, and Andrés Finzi. A Highly Conserved Residue of the HIV-1 gp120 Inner Domain Is Important for Antibody-Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity Responses Mediated by Anti-cluster A Antibodies. J. Virol., 90(4):2127-2134, Feb 2016. PubMed ID: 26637462. Show all entries for this paper.

DSouza1997 M. P. D'Souza, D. Livnat, J. A. Bradac, S. H. Bridges, the AIDS Clinical Trials Group Antibody Selection Working Group, and Collaborating Investigators. Evaluation of monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 primary isolates by neutralization assays: performance criteria for selecting candidate antibodies for clinical trials. J. Infect. Dis., 175:1056-1062, 1997. Five laboratories evaluated neutralization of nine primary B clade isolates by a coded panel of seven human MAbs to HIV-1 subtype B envelope. IgG1b12, 2G12, 2F5 showed potent and broadly cross-reactive neutralizing ability; F105, 447/52-D, 729-D, 19b did not neutralize the primary isolates. PubMed ID: 9129066. Show all entries for this paper.

Fouda2013 Genevieve G. Fouda, Tatenda Mahlokozera, Jesus F. Salazar-Gonzalez, Maria G. Salazar, Gerald Learn, Surender B. Kumar, S. Moses Dennison, Elizabeth Russell, Katherine Rizzolo, Frederick Jaeger, Fangping Cai, Nathan A. Vandergrift, Feng Gao, Beatrice Hahn, George M. Shaw, Christina Ochsenbauer, Ronald Swanstrom, Steve Meshnick, Victor Mwapasa, Linda Kalilani, Susan Fiscus, David Montefiori, Barton Haynes, Jesse Kwiek, S. Munir Alam, and Sallie R. Permar. Postnatally-Transmitted HIV-1 Envelope Variants Have Similar Neutralization-Sensitivity and Function to That of Nontransmitted Breast Milk Variants. Retrovirology, 10:3, 2013. PubMed ID: 23305422. Show all entries for this paper.

Fouts1997 T. R. Fouts, J. M. Binley, A. Trkola, J. E. Robinson, and J. P. Moore. Neutralization of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolate JR-FL by Human Monoclonal Antibodies Correlates with Antibody Binding to the Oligomeric Form of the Envelope Glycoprotein Complex. J. Virol., 71:2779-2785, 1997. To test whether antibody neutralization of HIV-1 primary isolates is correlated with the affinities for the oligomeric envelope glycoproteins, JRFL was used as a model primary virus and a panel of 13 human MAbs were evaluated for: half-maximal binding to rec monomeric JRFL gp120; half-maximal binding to oligomeric - JRFL Env expressed on the surface of transfected 293 cells; and neutralization of JRFL in a PBMC-based neutralization assay. Antibody affinity for oligomeric JRFL Env but not monomeric JRFL gp120 correlated with JRFL neutralization. PubMed ID: 9060632. Show all entries for this paper.

Gao2007 Feng Gao, Hua-Xin Liao, Beatrice H. Hahn, Norman L. Letvin, Bette T. Korber, and Barton F. Haynes. Centralized HIV-1 Envelope Immunogens and Neutralizing Antibodies. Curr. HIV Res., 5(6):572-577, Nov 2007. PubMed ID: 18045113. Show all entries for this paper.

Gauduin1996 M.-C. Gauduin, G. P. Allaway, P. J. Maddon, C. F. Barbas III, D. R. Burton, and R. A. Koup. Effective Ex Vivo Neutralization of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 in Plasma by Recombinant Immunoglobulin Molecules. J. Virol., 70:2586-2592, 1996. Virus direct from plasma from six HIV-1 infected individuals was used for neutralization assay. MAb 19b could neutralize 2/6 plasma samples, while MAb IgG1b12 could neutralize 5/6 plasma samples. CD4-based molecules were also tested: CD4-IgG2 was effective in the it ex vivo assay, but sCD4 was not. Thus, MAbs IgG1b12 and CD4-IgG2 have broad and potent it in vitro and it ex vivo neutralizing activities. PubMed ID: 8642690. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Jeffries2016 T. L. Jeffries, Jr., C. R. Sacha, J. Pollara, J. Himes, F. H. Jaeger, S. M. Dennison, E. McGuire, E. Kunz, J. A. Eudailey, A. M. Trama, C. LaBranche, G. G. Fouda, K. Wiehe, D. C. Montefiori, B. F. Haynes, H.-X. Liao, G. Ferrari, S. M. Alam, M. A. Moody, and S. R. Permar. The Function and Affinity Maturation of HIV-1 gp120-Specific Monoclonal Antibodies Derived from Colostral B Cells. Mucosal. Immunol., 9(2):414-427, Mar 2016. PubMed ID: 26242599. Show all entries for this paper.

Johnson2017 Jacklyn Johnson, Yinjie Zhai, Hamid Salimi, Nicole Espy, Noah Eichelberger, Orlando DeLeon, Yunxia O'Malley, Joel Courter, Amos B. Smith, III, Navid Madani, Joseph Sodroski, and Hillel Haim. Induction of a Tier-1-Like Phenotype in Diverse Tier-2 Isolates by Agents That Guide HIV-1 Env to Perturbation-Sensitive, Nonnative States. J. Virol., 91(15), 1 Aug 2017. PubMed ID: 28490588. Show all entries for this paper.

Joubert2010 Marisa K. Joubert, Nichole Kinsley, Alexio Capovilla, B. Trevor Sewell, Mohamed A. Jaffer, and Makobetsa Khati. A Modeled Structure of an Aptamer-gp120 Complex Provides Insight into the Mechanism of HIV-1 Neutralization. Biochemistry, 49(28):5880-5890, 20 Jul 2010. PubMed ID: 20527993. Show all entries for this paper.

Julien2015 Jean-Philippe Julien, Jeong Hyun Lee, Gabriel Ozorowski, Yuanzi Hua, Alba Torrents de la Peña, Steven W. de Taeye, Travis Nieusma, Albert Cupo, Anila Yasmeen, Michael Golabek, Pavel Pugach, P. J. Klasse, John P. Moore, Rogier W. Sanders, Andrew B. Ward, and Ian A. Wilson. Design and Structure of Two HIV-1 Clade C SOSIP.664 Trimers That Increase the Arsenal of Native-Like Env Immunogens. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 112(38):11947-11952, 22 Sep 2015. PubMed ID: 26372963. Show all entries for this paper.

Kanduc2008 Darja Kanduc, Rosario Serpico, Alberta Lucchese, and Yehuda Shoenfeld. Correlating Low-Similarity Peptide Sequences and HIV B-Cell Epitopes. Autoimmun. Rev., 7(4):291-296, Feb 2008. PubMed ID: 18295732. Show all entries for this paper.

Kolchinsky2001 P. Kolchinsky, E. Kiprilov, P. Bartley, R. Rubinstein, and J. Sodroski. Loss of a single N-linked glycan allows CD4-independent human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection by altering the position of the gp120 V1/V2 variable loops. J. Virol., 75(7):3435--43, Apr 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/7/3435. PubMed ID: 11238869. Show all entries for this paper.

Kramer2007 Victor G. Kramer, Nagadenahalli B. Siddappa, and Ruth M. Ruprecht. Passive Immunization as Tool to Identify Protective HIV-1 Env Epitopes. Curr. HIV Res., 5(6):642-55, Nov 2007. PubMed ID: 18045119. Show all entries for this paper.

Kwong2002 Peter D. Kwong, Michael L. Doyle, David J. Casper, Claudia Cicala, Stephanie A. Leavitt, Shahzad Majeed, Tavis D. Steenbeke, Miro Venturi, Irwin Chaiken, Michael Fung, Hermann Katinger, Paul W. I. H. Parren, James Robinson, Donald Van Ryk, Liping Wang, Dennis R. Burton, Ernesto Freire, Richard Wyatt, Joseph Sodroski, Wayne A. Hendrickson, and James Arthos. HIV-1 Evades Antibody-Mediated Neutralization through Conformational Masking of Receptor-Binding Sites. Nature, 420(6916):678-682, 12 Dec 2002. Comment in Nature. 2002 Dec 12;420(6916):623-4. PubMed ID: 12478295. Show all entries for this paper.

Liao2006 Hua-Xin Liao, Laura L. Sutherland, Shi-Mao Xia, Mary E. Brock, Richard M. Scearce, Stacie Vanleeuwen, S. Munir Alam, Mildred McAdams, Eric A. Weaver, Zenaido Camacho, Ben-Jiang Ma, Yingying Li, Julie M. Decker, Gary J. Nabel, David C. Montefiori, Beatrice H. Hahn, Bette T. Korber, Feng Gao, and Barton F. Haynes. A Group M Consensus Envelope Glycoprotein Induces Antibodies That Neutralize Subsets of Subtype B and C HIV-1 Primary Viruses. Virology, 353(2):268-282, 30 Sep 2006. PubMed ID: 17039602. Show all entries for this paper.

Liu2015a Mengfei Liu, Guang Yang, Kevin Wiehe, Nathan I. Nicely, Nathan A. Vandergrift, Wes Rountree, Mattia Bonsignori, S. Munir Alam, Jingyun Gao, Barton F. Haynes, and Garnett Kelsoe. Polyreactivity and Autoreactivity among HIV-1 Antibodies. J. Virol., 89(1):784-798, Jan 2015. PubMed ID: 25355869. Show all entries for this paper.

McCann2005 C. M. Mc Cann, R. J. Song, and R. M. Ruprecht. Antibodies: Can They Protect Against HIV Infection? Curr. Drug Targets Infect. Disord., 5(2):95-111, Jun 2005. PubMed ID: 15975016. Show all entries for this paper.

Mondor1998 I. Mondor, S. Ugolini, and Q. J. Sattentau. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Attachment to HeLa CD4 Cells Is CD4 Independent and Gp120 Dependent and Requires Cell Surface Heparans. J. Virol., 72:3623-3634, 1998. PubMed ID: 9557643. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1994b J. P. Moore, F. E. McCutchan, S.-W. Poon, J. Mascola, J. Liu, Y. Cao, and D. D. Ho. Exploration of Antigenic Variation in gp120 from Clades A through F of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 by Using Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 68:8350-8364, 1994. Four of five anti-V3 MAbs were slightly cross-reactive within clade B, but not very reactive outside clade B. Two discontinuous CD4 binding site Mabs appear to be pan-reactive. Anti-V2 MAbs were only sporadically reactive inside and outside of clade B. PubMed ID: 7525988. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1994d J. P. Moore, Y. Cao, D. D. Ho, and R. A. Koup. Development of the anti-gp120 antibody response during seroconversion to human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J. Virol., 68:5142-5155, 1994. Three seroconverting individuals were studied. The earliest detectable anti-gp120 antibodies were both conformational and anti-V3 loop, and could be detected only after the peak viremia has passed. No uniform pattern of autologous neutralizing anti-CD4BS or anti-V3 MAbs was observed. PubMed ID: 8035514. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1995a J. P. Moore, A. Trkola, B. Korber, L. J. Boots, J. A. Kessler II, F. E. McCutchan, J. Mascola, D. D. Ho, J. Robinson, and A. J. Conley. A Human Monoclonal Antibody to a Complex Epitope in the V3 Region of gp120 of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Has Broad Reactivity within and outside Clade B. J. Virol., 69:122-130, 1995. The epitope was defined as including amino acids on both sides of the loop of the V3 loop: -I----G--FY-T, where the G is the second G of the GPGR tip of the loop. This antibody bound well to gp120 molecules from clades A,B,C,E, and F, when the critical amino acids were present. Binding did not parallel neutralization however; 19b could produce a 50-fold reduction of infectivity in some primary B isolates, and in C clade isolates at low virus input concentrations, but not in isolates from all clades where binding could occur (A,E, and F). PubMed ID: 7527082. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1995b J. P. Moore, Y. Cao, L. Qing, Q. J. Sattentau, J. Pyati, R. Koduri, J. Robinson, C. F. Barbas III, D. R. Burton, and D. D. Ho. Primary Isolates of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type I Are Relatively Resistant to Neutralization by Monoclonal Antibodies to gp120, and Their Neutralization Is Not Predicted by Studies with Monomeric gp120. J. Virol., 69:101-109, 1995. A panel of anti-gp120 MAbs and sera from HIV-1 infected individuals was tested for its ability to neutralize primary isolates. Most MAbs bound with high affinity to gp120 monomers from the various isolates, but were not effective at neutralizing. The MAb IgG1b12, which binds to a discontinuous anti-CD4 binding site epitope, was able to neutralize most of the primary isolates. PubMed ID: 7527081. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1995c J. P. Moore and D. D. Ho. HIV-1 Neutralization: The Consequences of Adaptation to Growth on Transformed T-Cells. AIDS, 9(suppl A):S117-S136, 1995. This review considers the relative importance of a neutralizing antibody response for the development of a vaccine, and for disease progression during the chronic phase of HIV-1 infection. It suggests that T-cell immunity may be more important. The distinction between MAbs that can neutralize primary isolates, and those that are effective at neutralizing only laboratory adapted strains is discussed in detail. Alternative conformations of envelope and non-contiguous interacting domains in gp120 are discussed. The suggestion that soluble monomeric gp120 may serve as a viral decoy that diverts the humoral immune response it in vivo is put forth. PubMed ID: 8819579. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2003b Ralph Pantophlet, Ian A. Wilson, and Dennis R. Burton. Hyperglycosylated Mutants of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Type 1 Monomeric gp120 as Novel Antigens for HIV Vaccine Design. J. Virol., 77(10):5889-8901, May 2003. PubMed ID: 12719582. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2008 Ralph Pantophlet, Terri Wrin, Lisa A. Cavacini, James E. Robinson, and Dennis R. Burton. Neutralizing Activity of Antibodies to the V3 Loop Region of HIV-1 gp120 Relative to Their Epitope Fine Specificity. Virology, 381(2):251-260, 25 Nov 2008. PubMed ID: 18822440. Show all entries for this paper.

Park2000 E. J. Park, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and G. V. Quinnan. A global neutralization resistance phenotype of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is determined by distinct mechanisms mediating enhanced infectivity and conformational change of the envelope complex. J. Virol., 74:4183-91, 2000. PubMed ID: 10756031. Show all entries for this paper.

Parren1997 P. W. Parren, M. C. Gauduin, R. A. Koup, P. Poignard, Q. J. Sattentau, P. Fisicaro, and D. R. Burton. Erratum to Relevance of the Antibody Response against Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope to Vaccine Design. Immunol. Lett., 58:125-132, 1997. corrected and republished article originally printed in Immunol. Lett. 1997 Jun;57(1-3):105-112. PubMed ID: 9271324. Show all entries for this paper.

Parren1998 P. W. Parren, I. Mondor, D. Naniche, H. J. Ditzel, P. J. Klasse, D. R. Burton, and Q. J. Sattentau. Neutralization of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 by antibody to gp120 is determined primarily by occupancy of sites on the virion irrespective of epitope specificity. J. Virol., 72:3512-9, 1998. The authors propose that the occupancy of binding sites on HIV-1 virions is the major factor in determining neutralization, irrespective of epitope specificity. Neutralization was assayed T-cell-line-adapted HIV-1 isolates. Binding of Fabs to monomeric rgp120 was not correlated with binding to functional oligomeric gp120 or neutralization, while binding to functional oligomeric gp120 was highly correlated with neutralization. The ratios of oligomer binding/neutralization were similar for antibodies to different neutralization epitopes, with a few exceptions. PubMed ID: 9557629. Show all entries for this paper.

Patel2008 Milloni B Patel, Noah G. Hoffman, and Ronald Swanstrom. Subtype-Specific Conformational Differences within the V3 Region of Subtype B and Subtype C Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Env Proteins. J. Virol., 82(2):903-916, Jan 2008. PubMed ID: 18003735. Show all entries for this paper.

Poignard2003 Pascal Poignard, Maxime Moulard, Edwin Golez, Veronique Vivona, Michael Franti, Sara Venturini, Meng Wang, Paul W. H. I. Parren, and Dennis R. Burton. Heterogeneity of Envelope Molecules Expressed on Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Particles as Probed by the Binding of Neutralizing and Nonneutralizing Antibodies. J. Virol., 77(1):353-365, Jan 2003. PubMed ID: 12477840. Show all entries for this paper.

Prevost2018 Jérémie Prévost, Jonathan Richard, Shilei Ding, Beatriz Pacheco, Roxanne Charlebois, Beatrice H Hahn, Daniel E Kaufmann, and Andrés Finzi. Envelope Glycoproteins Sampling States 2/3 Are Susceptible to ADCC by Sera from HIV-1-Infected Individuals. Virology, 515:38-45, Feb 2018. PubMed ID: 29248757. Show all entries for this paper.

Pugach2015 Pavel Pugach, Gabriel Ozorowski, Albert Cupo, Rajesh Ringe, Anila Yasmeen, Natalia de Val, Ronald Derking, Helen J. Kim, Jacob Korzun, Michael Golabek, Kevin de Los Reyes, Thomas J. Ketas, Jean-Philippe Julien, Dennis R. Burton, Ian A. Wilson, Rogier W. Sanders, P. J. Klasse, Andrew B. Ward, and John P. Moore. A Native-Like SOSIP.664 Trimer Based on an HIV-1 Subtype B env Gene. J. Virol., 89(6):3380-3395, Mar 2015. PubMed ID: 25589637. Show all entries for this paper.

Robinson1992 J. Robinson, H. Yoshiyama, D. Holton, S. Elliot, and D.D. Ho. Distinct Antigenic Sites on HIV gp120 Identified by a Panel of Human Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Cell Biochem., Suppl 16E:71, 1992. Show all entries for this paper.

Sanders2013 Rogier W. Sanders, Ronald Derking, Albert Cupo, Jean-Philippe Julien, Anila Yasmeen, Natalia de Val, Helen J. Kim, Claudia Blattner, Alba Torrents de la Peña, Jacob Korzun, Michael Golabek, Kevin de los Reyes, Thomas J. Ketas, Marit J. van Gils, C. Richter King, Ian A. Wilson, Andrew B. Ward, P. J. Klasse, and John P. Moore. A Next-Generation Cleaved, Soluble HIV-1 Env Trimer, BG505 SOSIP.664 gp140, Expresses Multiple Epitopes for Broadly Neutralizing but not Non-Neutralizing Antibodies. PLoS Pathog., 9(9):e1003618, Sep 2013. PubMed ID: 24068931. Show all entries for this paper.

Sattentau1995 Q. J. Sattentau, S. Zolla-Pazner, and P. Poignard. Epitope Exposure on Functional, Oligomeric HIV-1 gp41 Molecules. Virology, 206:713-717, 1995. Most gp41 epitopes are masked when associated with gp120 on the cell surface. Weak binding of anti-gp41 MAbs can be enhanced by treatment with sCD4. MAb 2F5 binds to a membrane proximal epitope which binds in the presence of gp120 without sCD4. PubMed ID: 7530400. Show all entries for this paper.

Sattentau1995b Q. J. Sattentau. Conservation of HIV-1 gp120 Neutralizing Epitopes after Formalin Inactivation. AIDS, 9:1383-1385, 1995. PubMed ID: 8605064. Show all entries for this paper.

Schiffner2016 Torben Schiffner, Natalia de Val, Rebecca A. Russell, Steven W. de Taeye, Alba Torrents de la Peña, Gabriel Ozorowski, Helen J. Kim, Travis Nieusma, Florian Brod, Albert Cupo, Rogier W. Sanders, John P. Moore, Andrew B. Ward, and Quentin J. Sattentau. Chemical Cross-Linking Stabilizes Native-Like HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Trimer Antigens. J. Virol., 90(2):813-828, 28 Oct 2015. PubMed ID: 26512083. Show all entries for this paper.

Schiffner2018 Torben Schiffner, Jesper Pallesen, Rebecca A. Russell, Jonathan Dodd, Natalia de Val, Celia C. LaBranche, David Montefiori, Georgia D. Tomaras, Xiaoying Shen, Scarlett L. Harris, Amin E. Moghaddam, Oleksandr Kalyuzhniy, Rogier W. Sanders, Laura E. McCoy, John P. Moore, Andrew B. Ward, and Quentin J. Sattentau. Structural and Immunologic Correlates of Chemically Stabilized HIV-1 Envelope Glycoproteins. PLoS Pathog., 14(5):e1006986, May 2018. PubMed ID: 29746590. Show all entries for this paper.

Schulke2002 Norbert Schulke, Mika S. Vesanen, Rogier W. Sanders, Ping Zhu, Min Lu, Deborah J. Anselma, Anthony R. Villa, Paul W. H. I. Parren, James M. Binley, Kenneth H. Roux, Paul J. Maddon, John P. Moore, and William C. Olson. Oligomeric and Conformational Properties of a Proteolytically Mature, Disulfide-Stabilized Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp140 Envelope Glycoprotein. J. Virol., 76(15):7760-76, Aug 2002. PubMed ID: 12097589. Show all entries for this paper.

Scott1990 C. F. Scott, Jr., S. Silver, A. T. Profy, S. D. Putney, A. Langlois, K. Weinhold, and J. E. Robinson. Human Monoclonal Antibody That Recognizes the V3 Region of Human Immunodeficiency Virus gp120 and Neutralizes the Human T-Lymphotropic Virus Type IIIMN Strain. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 87:8597-8601, 1990. PubMed ID: 1700435. Show all entries for this paper.

Selvarajah2005 Suganya Selvarajah, Bridget Puffer, Ralph Pantophlet, Mansun Law, Robert W. Doms, and Dennis R. Burton. Comparing Antigenicity and Immunogenicity of Engineered gp120. J. Virol., 79(19):12148-12163, Oct 2005. PubMed ID: 16160142. Show all entries for this paper.

Sheppard2007a Neil C. Sheppard, Sarah L. Davies, Simon A. Jeffs, Sueli M. Vieira, and Quentin J. Sattentau. Production and Characterization of High-Affinity Human Monoclonal Antibodies to Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Glycoproteins in a Mouse Model Expressing Human Immunoglobulins. Clin. Vaccine Immunol., 14(2):157-167, Feb 2007. PubMed ID: 17167037. Show all entries for this paper.

Srivastava2005 Indresh K. Srivastava, Jeffrey B. Ulmer, and Susan W. Barnett. Role of Neutralizing Antibodies in Protective Immunity Against HIV. Hum. Vaccin., 1(2):45-60, Mar-Apr 2005. PubMed ID: 17038830. Show all entries for this paper.

Trkola1996b A. Trkola, T. Dragic, J. Arthos, J. M. Binley, W. C. Olson, G. P. Allaway, C. Cheng-Mayer, J. Robinson, P. J. Maddon, and J. P. Moore. CD4-Dependent, Antibody-Sensitive Interactions between HIV-1 and Its Co-Receptor CCR-5. Nature, 384:184-187, 1996. CCR-5 is a co-factor for fusion of HIV-1 strains of the non-syncytium-inducing (NSI) phenotype with CD4+ T-cells. CD4 binding greatly increases the efficiency of gp120-CCR-5 interaction. Neutralizing MAbs against the V3 loop and CD4-induced epitopes on gp120 inhibited the interaction of gp120 with CCR-5, without affecting gp120-CD4 binding. PubMed ID: 8906796. Show all entries for this paper.

Trkola1998 A. Trkola, T. Ketas, V. N. Kewalramani, F. Endorf, J. M. Binley, H. Katinger, J. Robinson, D. R. Littman, and J. P. Moore. Neutralization Sensitivity of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolates to Antibodies and CD4-Based Reagents Is Independent of Coreceptor Usage. J. Virol., 72:1876-1885, 1998. PubMed ID: 9499039. Show all entries for this paper.

Ugolini1997 S. Ugolini, I. Mondor, P. W. H. I Parren, D. R. Burton, S. A. Tilley, P. J. Klasse, and Q. J. Sattentau. Inhibition of Virus Attachment to CD4+ Target Cells Is a Major Mechanism of T Cell Line-Adapted HIV-1 Neutralization. J. Exp. Med., 186:1287-1298, 1997. PubMed ID: 9334368. Show all entries for this paper.

Witt2017 Kristen C. Witt, Luis Castillo-Menendez, Haitao Ding, Nicole Espy, Shijian Zhang, John C. Kappes, and Joseph Sodroski. Antigenic Characterization of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1) Envelope Glycoprotein Precursor Incorporated into Nanodiscs. PLoS One, 12(2):e0170672, 2017. PubMed ID: 28151945. Show all entries for this paper.

Wu1996 L. Wu, N. P. Gerard, R. Wyatt, H. Choe, C. Parolin, N. Ruffing, A. Borsetti, A. A. Cardoso, E. Desjardin, W. Newman, C. Gerard, and J. Sodroski. CD4-Induced Interaction of Primary HIV-1 gp120 Glycoproteins with the Chemokine Receptor CCR-5. Nature, 384:179-183, 1996. Results suggest that HIV-1 attachment to CD4 creates a high-affinity binding site for CCR-5, leading to membrane fusion and virus entry. CD4-induced or V3 neutralizing MAbs block the interaction of gp120-CD4 complexes with CCR-5. PubMed ID: 8906795. Show all entries for this paper.

Yasmeen2014 Anila Yasmeen, Rajesh Ringe, Ronald Derking, Albert Cupo, Jean-Philippe Julien, Dennis R. Burton, Andrew B. Ward, Ian A. Wilson, Rogier W. Sanders, John P. Moore, and Per Johan Klasse. Differential Binding of Neutralizing and Non-Neutralizing Antibodies to Native-Like Soluble HIV-1 Env Trimers, Uncleaved Env Proteins, and Monomeric Subunits. Retrovirology, 11:41, 2014. PubMed ID: 24884783. Show all entries for this paper.

Zhang2002 Peng Fei Zhang, Peter Bouma, Eun Ju Park, Joseph B. Margolick, James E. Robinson, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Michael N. Flora, and Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr. A Variable Region 3 (V3) Mutation Determines a Global Neutralization Phenotype and CD4-Independent Infectivity of a Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Associated with a Broadly Cross-Reactive, Primary Virus-Neutralizing Antibody Response. J. Virol., 76(2):644-655, Jan 2002. PubMed ID: 11752155. Show all entries for this paper.

Zwick2003a Michael B. Zwick, Robert Kelleher, Richard Jensen, Aran F. Labrijn, Meng Wang, Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr., Paul W. H. I. Parren, and Dennis R. Burton. A Novel Human Antibody against Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Is V1, V2, and V3 Loop Dependent and Helps Delimit the Epitope of the Broadly Neutralizing Antibody Immunoglobulin G1 b12. J. Virol., 77(12):6965-6978, Jun 2003. PubMed ID: 12768015. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 485

Download this epitope record as JSON.

MAb ID 268-D (268-11-D-IV, 268D, 268, 268-11D, 268-10D, MAb 268, 268-10-D, ARP, 268-D IV)
HXB2 Location gp160(310-315)
DNA(7152..7169)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120( MN)
Research Contact Susan Zolla-Pazner (Zollas01@mcrcr6.med.nyu) (NYU Med. Center)
Epitope HIGPGR Epitope Alignment
HIGPGR epitope logo
Subtype B
Ab Type gp120 V3 // V3 glycan (V3g)
Neutralizing L
Species (Isotype) human(IgG1λ)
Patient 268
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords antibody binding site, antibody generation, antibody interactions, antibody sequence, binding affinity, dendritic cells, mimotopes, neutralization, review, structure, subtype comparisons, vaccine-induced immune responses

Notes

Showing 37 of 37 notes.

References

Showing 37 of 37 references.

Isolation Paper
Gorny1991 M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, V. Gianakakos, S. Karwowska, C. Williams, H. W. Sheppard, C. V. Hanson, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Production of site-selected neutralizing human monoclonal antibodies against the third variable domain of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoprotein. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 88:3238-3242, 1991. PubMed ID: 2014246. Show all entries for this paper.

Beddows1999 S. Beddows, S. Lister, R. Cheingsong, C. Bruck, and J. Weber. Comparison of the Antibody Repertoire Generated in Healthy Volunteers following Immunization with a Monomeric Recombinant gp120 Construct Derived from a CCR5/CXCR4-Using Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate with Sera from Naturally Infected Individuals. J. Virol., 73:1740-1745, 1999. PubMed ID: 9882391. Show all entries for this paper.

Davis2009 Katie L. Davis, Frederic Bibollet-Ruche, Hui Li, Julie M. Decker, Olaf Kutsch, Lynn Morris, Aidy Salomon, Abraham Pinter, James A. Hoxie, Beatrice H. Hahn, Peter D. Kwong, and George M. Shaw. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 2 (HIV-2)/HIV-1 Envelope Chimeras Detect High Titers of Broadly Reactive HIV-1 V3-Specific Antibodies in Human Plasma. J. Virol., 83(3):1240-1259, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 19019969. Show all entries for this paper.

DSouza1991 M. P. D'Souza, P. Durda, C. V. Hanson, G. Milman, and Collaborating Investigators. Evaluation of Monoclonal Antibodies to HIV-1 by Neutralization and Serological Assays: An International Collaboration. AIDS, 5:1061-1070, 1991. PubMed ID: 1718320. Show all entries for this paper.

Fontenot1995 J. D. Fontenot, T. C. VanCott, B. S. Parekh, C. P. Pau, J. R. George, D. L. Birx, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and J. M. Gatewood. Presentation of HIV V3 Loop Epitopes for Enhanced Antigenicity, Immunogenicity and Diagnostic Potential. AIDS, 9:1121-1129, 1995. PubMed ID: 8519447. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1993 M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, S. Karwowska, A. Buchbinder, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Repertoire of Neutralizing Human Monoclonal Antibodies Specific for The V3 Domain of HIV-1 gp120. J. Immunol., 150:635-643, 1993. Characterizaton of 12 human MAbs that bind and neutralize the MN isolate with 50\% neutralization. Two of these antibodies also bound and neutralized IIIB: 447-52-D and 694/98-D; all others could not bind HXB2 peptides. All but two, 418-D and 412-D could bind to SF2 peptides. PubMed ID: 7678279. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2004 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Kathy Revesz, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Mark K. Louder, Christopher A. Anyangwe, Chavdar Krachmarov, Samuel C. Kayman, Abraham Pinter, Arthur Nadas, Phillipe N. Nyambi, John R. Mascola, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. The V3 Loop is Accessible on the Surface of Most Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolates and Serves as a Neutralization Epitope. J. Virol., 78(5):2394-2404, Mar 2004. PubMed ID: 14963135. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2009 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Bradley Witover, Sherri Burda, Mateusz Urbanski, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Arthur Nadas. Preferential Use of the VH5-51 Gene Segment by the Human Immune Response to Code for Antibodies against the V3 Domain of HIV-1. Mol. Immunol., 46(5):917-926, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 18952295. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe1997b C. E. Hioe, S. Xu, P. Chigurupati, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Neutralization of HIV-1 Primary Isolates by Polyclonal and Monoclonal Human Antibodies. Int. Immunol., 9(9):1281-1290, Sep 1997. PubMed ID: 9310831. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe2000 C. E. Hioe, G. J. Jones, A. D. Rees, S. Ratto-Kim, D. Birx, C. Munz, M. K. Gorny, M. Tuen, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Anti-CD4-Binding Domain Antibodies Complexed with HIV Type 1 Glycoprotein 120 Inhibit CD4+ T Cell-Proliferative Responses to Glycoprotein 120. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 16:893-905, 2000. PubMed ID: 10875615. Show all entries for this paper.

Holl2006 Vincent Holl, Maryse Peressin, Thomas Decoville, Sylvie Schmidt, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Anne-Marie Aubertin, and Christiane Moog. Nonneutralizing Antibodies Are Able To Inhibit Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication in Macrophages and Immature Dendritic Cells. J. Virol., 80(12):6177-6181, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16731957. Show all entries for this paper.

Jiang2010 Xunqing Jiang, Valicia Burke, Maxim Totrov, Constance Williams, Timothy Cardozo, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Xiang-Peng Kong. Conserved Structural Elements in the V3 Crown of HIV-1 gp120. Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol., 17(8):955-961, Aug 2010. PubMed ID: 20622876. Show all entries for this paper.

Karwowska1992a S. Karwowska, M. K. Gorny, A. Buchbinder, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Type-specific human monoclonal antibodies cross-react with the V3-loop of various HIV-1 isolates. Vaccines 92, :171-174, 1992. Editors: F. Brown, H. S. Ginsberg and R. Lerner, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY. Show all entries for this paper.

LaCasse1998 R. A. LaCasse, K. E. Follis, T. Moudgil, M. Trahey, J. M. Binley, V. Planelles, S. Zolla-Pazner, and J. H. Nunberg. Coreceptor utilization by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is not a primary determinant of neutralization sensitivity. J. Virol., 72:2491-5, 1998. A T-cell line-adapted (TCLA) derivative of SI primary isolate 168P acquired the ability to to be neutralized by anti-V3 MAbs 257-D, 268-D and 50.1. The primary isolate could use either CCR5 or CXCR4, and was not neutralized when infection was directed via either pathway, but the TCLA derivative uses CXCR4 only and is neutralized. Thus coreceptor usage is not the primary determinant of differential neutralization sensitivity in primary versus TCLA strains. PubMed ID: 9499111. Show all entries for this paper.

Laisney1999 I. L. Laisney and A. D. Strosberg. Dual Specificity of a Human Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibody, Specific for the V3 Loop of GP120 (HIV-1). Immunol. Lett., 67:185-192, 1999. PubMed ID: 10369125. Show all entries for this paper.

Lusso2005 Paolo Lusso, Patricia L. Earl, Francesca Sironi, Fabio Santoro, Chiara Ripamonti, Gabriella Scarlatti, Renato Longhi, Edward A. Berger, and Samuele E. Burastero. Cryptic Nature of a Conserved, CD4-Inducible V3 Loop Neutralization Epitope in the Native Envelope Glycoprotein Oligomer of CCR5-Restricted, but not CXCR4-Using, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Strains. J. Virol., 79(11):6957-6968, Jun 2005. PubMed ID: 15890935. Show all entries for this paper.

McKeating1996b J. A. McKeating, Y. J. Zhang, C. Arnold, R. Frederiksson, E. M. Fenyo, and P. Balfe. Chimeric viruses expressing primary envelope glycoproteins of human immunodeficiency virus type I show increased sensitivity to neutralization by human sera. Virology, 220:450-460, 1996. Chimeric viruses for HXB2 with primary isolate gp120 gave patterns of cell tropism and cytopathicity identical to the original primary viruses. Sera that were unable to neutralize the primary isolates were in some cases able to neutralize chimeric viruses, indicating that some of the neutralizing epitopes were in gp41. PubMed ID: 8661395. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi2000 P. N. Nyambi, H. A. Mbah, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, A. Nadas, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Conserved and Exposed Epitopes on Intact, Native, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virions of Group M. J. Virol., 74:7096-7107, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888650. Show all entries for this paper.

Oggioni1999 M. R. Oggioni, D. Medaglini, L. Romano, F. Peruzzi, T. Maggi, L. Lozzi, L. Bracci, M. Zazzi, F. Manca, P. E. Valensin, and G. Pozzi. Antigenicity and Immunogenicity of the V3 Domain of HIV Type 1 Glycoprotein 120 Expressed on the Surface of Streptococcus gordonii. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 15:451-459, 1999. PubMed ID: 10195755. Show all entries for this paper.

Park2000 E. J. Park, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and G. V. Quinnan. A global neutralization resistance phenotype of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is determined by distinct mechanisms mediating enhanced infectivity and conformational change of the envelope complex. J. Virol., 74:4183-91, 2000. PubMed ID: 10756031. Show all entries for this paper.

Patel2008 Milloni B Patel, Noah G. Hoffman, and Ronald Swanstrom. Subtype-Specific Conformational Differences within the V3 Region of Subtype B and Subtype C Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Env Proteins. J. Virol., 82(2):903-916, Jan 2008. PubMed ID: 18003735. Show all entries for this paper.

Shmelkov2011 Evgeny Shmelkov, Arthur Nadas, James Swetnam, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Timothy Cardozo. Indirect Detection of an Epitope-Specific Response to HIV-1 gp120 Immunization in Human Subjects. PLoS One, 6(11):e27279, 2011. PubMed ID: 22076145. Show all entries for this paper.

Spear1993 G. T. Spear, D. M. Takefman, B. L. Sullivan, A. L. Landay, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Complement activation by human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol., 67:53-59, 1993. This study looked at the ability of 16 human MAbs to activate complement. MAbs directed against the V3 region could induce C3 deposition on infected cells and virolysis of free virus, but antibodies to the CD4BS and C-terminal region and two regions in gp41 could induce no complement mediated effects. Pre-treatment with sCD4 could increase complement-mediated effects of anti-gp41 MAbs, but decreased the complement-mediated effects of V3 MAbs. Anti-gp41 MAbs were able to affect IIIB but not MN virolysis, suggesting spontaneous shedding of gp120 on IIIB virions exposes gp41 epitopes. IgG isotype did not appear to have an effect on virolysis or C3 deposition. PubMed ID: 7677959. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1995 L. Stamatatos and C. Cheng-Mayer. Structural Modulations of the Envelope gp120 Glycoprotein of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 upon Oligomerization and the Differential V3 Loop Epitope Exposure of Isolates Displaying Distinct Tropism upon Viral-Soluble Receptor Binding. J. Virol., 69:6191-6198, 1995. PubMed ID: 7545244. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1997 L. Stamatatos, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and C. Cheng-Mayer. Binding of Antibodies to Virion-Associated gp120 Molecules of Primary-Like Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Isolates: Effect on HIV-1 Infection of Macrophages and Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells. Virology, 229:360-369, 1997. PubMed ID: 9126249. Show all entries for this paper.

Swetnam2010 James Swetnam, Evgeny Shmelkov, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Timothy Cardozo. Comparative Magnitude of Cross-Strain Conservation of HIV Variable Loop Neutralization Epitopes. PLoS One, 5(12):e15994, 2010. PubMed ID: 21209919. Show all entries for this paper.

VanCott1994 T. C. VanCott, F. R. Bethke, V. R. Polonis, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, R. R. Redfield, and D. L. Birx. Dissociation Rate of Antibody-gp120 Binding Interactions Is Predictive of V3-Mediated Neutralization of HIV-1. J. Immunol., 153:449-459, 1994. Using surface plasmon resonance it was found that the rate of the dissociation of the MAb-gp120 complex, but not the association rate, correlated with MAbs ability to neutralize homologous virus (measured by 50\% inhibition of p24 production). Association constants were similar for all MAbs tested, varying less than 4-fold. Dissociation rate constants were quite variable, with 100-fold differences observed. PubMed ID: 7515931. Show all entries for this paper.

Vella2002 Cherelyn Vella, Natalie N. Zheng, Philippa Easterbrook, and Rod S. Daniels. Herpesvirus saimiri-Immortalized Human Lymphocytes: Novel Hosts for Analyzing HIV Type 1 in Vitro Neutralization. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 18(13):933-946, 1 Sep 2002. PubMed ID: 12230936. Show all entries for this paper.

Vermeire2009 Kurt Vermeire, Kristel Van Laethem, Wouter Janssens, Thomas W. Bell, and Dominique Schols. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Escape from Cyclotriazadisulfonamide-Induced CD4-Targeted Entry Inhibition Is Associated with Increased Neutralizing Antibody Susceptibility. J. Virol., 83(18):9577-9583, Sep 2009. PubMed ID: 19570853. Show all entries for this paper.

Vincent2012 Nadine Vincent and Etienne Malvoisin. Ability of Antibodies Specific to the HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein to Block the Fusion Inhibitor T20 in a Cell-Cell Fusion Assay. Immunobiology, 217(10):943-950, Oct 2012. PubMed ID: 22387075. Show all entries for this paper.

Wisnewski1996 A. Wisnewski, L. Cavacini, and M. Posner. Human antibody variable region gene usage in HIV-1 infection. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr. Hum. Retrovirol., 11:31-38, 1996. PubMed ID: 8528730. Show all entries for this paper.

York2001 J. York, K. E. Follis, M. Trahey, P. N. Nyambi, S. Zolla-Pazner, and J. H. Nunberg. Antibody binding and neutralization of primary and T-cell line-adapted isolates of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J. Virol., 75(6):2741--52, Mar 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/6/2741. PubMed ID: 11222697. Show all entries for this paper.

Zhang2002 Peng Fei Zhang, Peter Bouma, Eun Ju Park, Joseph B. Margolick, James E. Robinson, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Michael N. Flora, and Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr. A Variable Region 3 (V3) Mutation Determines a Global Neutralization Phenotype and CD4-Independent Infectivity of a Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Associated with a Broadly Cross-Reactive, Primary Virus-Neutralizing Antibody Response. J. Virol., 76(2):644-655, Jan 2002. PubMed ID: 11752155. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1995 S. Zolla-Pazner, J. O'Leary, S. Burda, M. K. Gorny, M. Kim, J. Mascola, and F. McCutchan. Serotyping of primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolates from diverse geographic locations by flow cytometry. J. Virol., 69:3807-3815, 1995. A set of 13 human MAbs to a variety of epitopes were tested against a panel of primary isolates of HIV-1, representing different genetic clades. The V3 loop tended to be B clade restricted, and a single gp120 C-terminus binding antibody was clade specific. Two other gp120 C-terminus binding antibodies were group specific. PubMed ID: 7745728. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999a S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, P. N. Nyambi, T. C. VanCott, and A. Nadas. Immunotyping of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV): An Approach to Immunologic Classification of HIV. J. Virol., 73:4042-4051, 1999. 21 human anti-V3 MAbs were studied with respect to cross-clade reactivity and immunological relationship to other human anti-V3 MAbs. Broad cross-reactivities were observed, and V3 peptides were grouped into immunotypes that contained peptides from several clades. PubMed ID: 10196300. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999b S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and P. N. Nyambi. The implications of antigenic diversity for vaccine development. Immunol. Lett., 66:159-64, 1999. PubMed ID: 10203049. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 500

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MAb ID 447-52D (447/52-DII, 447-52-D, 447d, 447-52-D, 447-D, 447, 447D, 447D-52)
HXB2 Location gp160(312-315)
DNA(7158..7169)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120( MN)
Research Contact Dr. Susan Zolla-Pazner, NYU Med Center NY, NY; Veteran Affairs Med Center NY, NY; or Cellular Products Inc, Buffalo, NY,
Epitope GPGR Epitope Alignment
GPGR epitope logo
Subtype B
Ab Type gp120 V3 // V3 glycan (V3g)
Neutralizing L P  View neutralization details
Contacts and Features View contacts and features
Species (Isotype) human(IgG3λ)
Patient  
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords acute/early infection, ADCC, antibody binding site, antibody generation, antibody interactions, antibody lineage, antibody sequence, assay or method development, binding affinity, broad neutralizer, co-receptor, complement, computational epitope prediction, dendritic cells, dynamics, elite controllers, enhancing activity, escape, genital and mucosal immunity, glycosylation, HIV-2, kinetics, mimics, mimotopes, neutralization, optimal epitope, polyclonal antibodies, review, SIV, structure, subtype comparisons, supervised treatment interruptions (STI), Th2, vaccine antigen design, vaccine-induced immune responses, variant cross-reactivity, viral fitness and reversion

Notes

Showing 219 of 219 notes.

References

Showing 222 of 222 references.

Isolation Paper
Buchbinder1992 A. Buchbinder, S. Karwowska, M. K. Gorny, S. T. Burda, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Synergy between Human Monoclonal Antibodies to HIV Extends Their Effective Biologic Activity against Homologous and Divergent Strains. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 8:425-427, 1992. The anti-gp120 V3 MAb 447-D and the anti- gp120 CD4 BS MAb 588-D showed synergistic neutralization. PubMed ID: 1466965. Show all entries for this paper.

Agarwal2011 Alpna Agarwal, Catarina E. Hioe, James Swetnam, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Timothy Cardozo. Quantitative Assessment of Masking of Neutralization Epitopes in HIV-1. Vaccine, 29(39):6736-41, 9 Sep 2011. PubMed ID: 21216319. Show all entries for this paper.

Banerjee2009 Kaustuv Banerjee, Sofija Andjelic, Per Johan Klasse, Yun Kang, Rogier W. Sanders, Elizabeth Michael, Robert J. Durso, Thomas J. Ketas, William C. Olson, and John P. Moore. Enzymatic Removal of Mannose Moieties Can Increase the Immune Response to HIV-1 gp120 In Vivo. Virology, 389(1-2):108-121, 20 Jun 2009. PubMed ID: 19410272. Show all entries for this paper.

Baum2010 Linda L. Baum. Role of Humoral Immunity in Host Defense Against HIV. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep, 7(1):11-18, Feb 2010. PubMed ID: 20425053. Show all entries for this paper.

Beauparlant2017 David Beauparlant, Peter Rusert, Carsten Magnus, Claus Kadelka, Jacqueline Weber, Therese Uhr, Osvaldo Zagordi, Corinna Oberle, Maria J. Duenas-Decamp, Paul R. Clapham, Karin J. Metzner, Huldrych F. Gunthard, and Alexandra Trkola. Delineating CD4 dependency of HIV-1: Adaptation to infect low level CD4 expressing target cells widens cellular tropism but severely impacts on envelope functionality. PLoS Pathog, 13(3):e1006255 doi, Mar 2017. PubMed ID: 28264054 Show all entries for this paper.

Beddows1999 S. Beddows, S. Lister, R. Cheingsong, C. Bruck, and J. Weber. Comparison of the Antibody Repertoire Generated in Healthy Volunteers following Immunization with a Monomeric Recombinant gp120 Construct Derived from a CCR5/CXCR4-Using Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate with Sera from Naturally Infected Individuals. J. Virol., 73:1740-1745, 1999. PubMed ID: 9882391. Show all entries for this paper.

Beddows2005a Simon Beddows, Natalie N. Zheng, Carolina Herrera, Elizabeth Michael, Kelly Barnes, John P. Moore, Rod S. Daniels, and Jonathan N. Weber. Neutralization Sensitivity of HIV-1 Env-Pseudotyped Virus Clones is Determined by Co-Operativity between Mutations Which Modulate the CD4-Binding Site and Those That Affect gp120-gp41 Stability. Virology, 337(1):136-148, 20 Jun 2005. PubMed ID: 15914227. Show all entries for this paper.

Berro2009 Reem Berro, Rogier W. Sanders, Min Lu, Per J. Klasse, and John P. Moore. Two HIV-1 Variants Resistant to Small Molecule CCR5 Inhibitors Differ in How They Use CCR5 for Entry. PLoS Pathog., 5(8):e1000548, Aug 2009. PubMed ID: 19680536. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley1997 J. M. Binley, H. Arshad, T. R. Fouts, and J. P. Moore. An investigation of the high avidity antibody response to gp120 of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 13:1007-1015, 1997. PubMed ID: 9264287. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley2003 James M. Binley, Charmagne S. Cayanan, Cheryl Wiley, Norbert Schülke, William C. Olson, and Dennis R. Burton. Redox-Triggered Infection by Disulfide-Shackled Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Pseudovirions. J. Virol., 77(10):5678-5684, May 2003. PubMed ID: 12719560. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley2004 James M. Binley, Terri Wrin, Bette Korber, Michael B. Zwick, Meng Wang, Colombe Chappey, Gabriela Stiegler, Renate Kunert, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Hermann Katinger, Christos J. Petropoulos, and Dennis R. Burton. Comprehensive Cross-Clade Neutralization Analysis of a Panel of Anti-Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 78(23):13232-13252, Dec 2004. PubMed ID: 15542675. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley2006 James M. Binley, Stacie Ngo-Abdalla, Penny Moore, Michael Bobardt, Udayan Chatterji, Philippe Gallay, Dennis R. Burton, Ian A. Wilson, John H. Elder, and Aymeric de Parseval. Inhibition of HIV Env Binding to Cellular Receptors by Monoclonal Antibody 2G12 as Probed by Fc-Tagged gp120. Retrovirology, 3:39, 2006. PubMed ID: 16817962. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley2008 James M. Binley, Elizabeth A. Lybarger, Emma T. Crooks, Michael S. Seaman, Elin Gray, Katie L. Davis, Julie M. Decker, Diane Wycuff, Linda Harris, Natalie Hawkins, Blake Wood, Cory Nathe, Douglas Richman, Georgia D. Tomaras, Frederic Bibollet-Ruche, James E. Robinson, Lynn Morris, George M. Shaw, David C. Montefiori, and John R. Mascola. Profiling the Specificity of Neutralizing Antibodies in a Large Panel of Plasmas from Patients Chronically Infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Subtypes B and C. J. Virol., 82(23):11651-11668, Dec 2008. PubMed ID: 18815292. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley2010 James M Binley, Yih-En Andrew Ban, Emma T. Crooks, Dirk Eggink, Keiko Osawa, William R. Schief, and Rogier W. Sanders. Role of Complex Carbohydrates in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection and Resistance to Antibody Neutralization. J. Virol., 84(11):5637-5655, Jun 2010. PubMed ID: 20335257. Show all entries for this paper.

Bontjer2010 Ilja Bontjer, Mark Melchers, Dirk Eggink, Kathryn David, John P. Moore, Ben Berkhout, and Rogier W. Sanders. Stabilized HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Trimers Lacking the V1V2 Domain, Obtained by Virus Evolution. J. Biol. Chem, 285(47):36456-36470, 19 Nov 2010. PubMed ID: 20826824. Show all entries for this paper.

Boots1997 L. J. Boots, P. M. McKenna, B. A. Arnold, P. M. Keller, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, J. E. Robinson, and A. J. Conley. Anti-human immunodeficiency virus type 1 human monoclonal antibodies that bind discontinuous epitopes in the viral glycoproteins can identify mimotopes from recombinant phage peptide display libraries. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 13:1549-59, 1997. PubMed ID: 9430247. Show all entries for this paper.

Bricault2018 Christine A. Bricault, James M. Kovacs, Alexander Badamchi-Zadeh, Krisha McKee, Jennifer L. Shields, Bronwyn M. Gunn, George H. Neubauer, Fadi Ghantous, Julia Jennings, Lindsey Gillis, James Perry, Joseph P. Nkolola, Galit Alter, Bing Chen, Kathryn E. Stephenson, Nicole Doria-Rose, John R. Mascola, Michael S. Seaman, and Dan H. Barouch. Neutralizing Antibody Responses following Long-Term Vaccination with HIV-1 Env gp140 in Guinea Pigs. J. Virol., 92(13), 1 Jul 2018. PubMed ID: 29643249. Show all entries for this paper.

Burke2009 Valicia Burke, Constance Williams, Madhav Sukumaran, Seung-Sup Kim, Huiguang Li, Xiao-Hong Wang, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Xiang-Peng Kong. Structural Basis of the Cross-Reactivity of Genetically Related Human Anti-HIV-1 mAbs: Implications for Design of V3-Based Immunogens. Structure, 17(11):1538-1546, 11 Nov 2009. PubMed ID: 19913488. Show all entries for this paper.

Burton2005 Dennis R. Burton, Robyn L. Stanfield, and Ian A. Wilson. Antibody vs. HIV in a Clash of Evolutionary Titans. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 102(42):14943-14948, 18 Oct 2005. PubMed ID: 16219699. Show all entries for this paper.

Cai2017 Yongfei Cai, Selen Karaca-Griffin, Jia Chen, Sai Tian, Nicholas Fredette, Christine E. Linton, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Jianming Lu, Kshitij Wagh, James Theiler, Bette Korber, Michael S. Seaman, Stephen C. Harrison, Andrea Carfi, and Bing Chen. Antigenicity-Defined Conformations of an Extremely Neutralization-Resistant HIV-1 Envelope Spike. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 114(17):4477-4482, 25 Apr 2017. PubMed ID: 28396421. Show all entries for this paper.

Carbonetti2014 Sara Carbonetti, Brian G. Oliver, Jolene Glenn, Leonidas Stamatatos, and D. Noah Sather. Soluble HIV-1 Envelope Immunogens Derived from an Elite Neutralizer Elicit Cross-Reactive V1V2 Antibodies and Low Potency Neutralizing Antibodies. PLoS One, 9(1):e86905, 2014. PubMed ID: 24466285. Show all entries for this paper.

Cardozo2009 Timothy Cardozo, James Swetnam, Abraham Pinter, Chavdar Krachmarov, Arthur Nadas, David Almond, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Worldwide Distribution of HIV Type 1 Epitopes Recognized by Human Anti-V3 Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 25(4):441-450, Apr 2009. PubMed ID: 19320565. Show all entries for this paper.

Cavacini1993 L. A. Cavacini, C. L. Emes, J. Power, A. Buchbinder, S. Zolla-Pazner, and M. R. Posner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies to the V3 Loop of HIV-1 gp120 Mediate Variable and Distinct Effects on Binding and Viral Neutralization by a Human Monoclonal Antibody to the CD4 Binding Site. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr., 6:353-358, 1993. PubMed ID: 8455141. Show all entries for this paper.

Chakraborty2006 Kausik Chakraborty, Venuka Durani, Edward Roshan Miranda, Michael Citron, Xiaoping Liang, William Schleif, Joseph G. Joyce, and Raghavan Varadarajan. Design of Immunogens That Present the Crown of the HIV-1 V3 Loop in a Conformation Competent to Generate 447-52D-Like Antibodies. Biochem. J., 399(3):483-491, 1 Nov 2006. PubMed ID: 16827663. Show all entries for this paper.

Cham2006 Fatim Cham, Peng Fei Zhang, Leo Heyndrickx, Peter Bouma, Ping Zhong, Herman Katinger, James Robinson, Guido van der Groen, and Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr. Neutralization and Infectivity Characteristics of Envelope Glycoproteins from Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infected Donors Whose Sera Exhibit Broadly Cross-Reactive Neutralizing Activity. Virology, 347(1):36-51, 30 Mar 2006. PubMed ID: 16378633. Show all entries for this paper.

Ching2008 Lance K. Ching, Giorgos Vlachogiannis, Katherine A. Bosch, and Leonidas Stamatatos. The First Hypervariable Region of the gp120 Env Glycoprotein Defines the Neutralizing Susceptibility of Heterologous Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolates to Neutralizing Antibodies Elicited by the SF162gp140 Immunogen. J. Virol., 82(2):949-956, Jan 2008. PubMed ID: 18003732. Show all entries for this paper.

Ching2010 Lance Ching and Leonidas Stamatatos. Alterations in the Immunogenic Properties of Soluble Trimeric Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Proteins Induced by Deletion or Heterologous Substitutions of the V1 Loop. J. Virol., 84(19):9932-9946, Oct 2010. PubMed ID: 20660181. Show all entries for this paper.

Conley1994 A. J. Conley, M. K. Gorny, J. A. Kessler, II, L. J. Boots, M. Ossorio-Castro, S. Koenig, D. W. Lineberger, E. A. Emini, C. Williams, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Neutralization of Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolates by the Broadly Reactive Anti-V3 Monoclonal Antibody 447-52D. J. Virol., 68:6994-7000, 1994. PubMed ID: 7933081. Show all entries for this paper.

Connor1998 R. I. Connor, B. T. Korber, B. S. Graham, B. H. Hahn, D. D. Ho, B. D. Walker, A. U. Neumann, S. H. Vermund, J. Mestecky, S. Jackson, E. Fenamore, Y. Cao, F. Gao, S. Kalams, K. J. Kunstman, D. McDonald, N. McWilliams, A. Trkola, J. P. Moore, and S. M. Wolinsky. Immunological and virological analyses of persons infected by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 while participating in trials of recombinant gp120 subunit vaccines. J. Virol., 72:1552-76, 1998. No gp120-vaccine induced antibodies in a human trial of gp120 MN and SF2 could neutralize the primary viruses that infected the vaccinees. The primary isolates from the infected vaccinees were shown not to be particularly refractive to neutralization by their susceptibility to a panel of neutralizing MAbs. PubMed ID: 9445059. Show all entries for this paper.

Corti2010 Davide Corti, Johannes P. M. Langedijk, Andreas Hinz, Michael S. Seaman, Fabrizia Vanzetta, Blanca M. Fernandez-Rodriguez, Chiara Silacci, Debora Pinna, David Jarrossay, Sunita Balla-Jhagjhoorsingh, Betty Willems, Maria J. Zekveld, Hanna Dreja, Eithne O'Sullivan, Corinna Pade, Chloe Orkin, Simon A. Jeffs, David C. Montefiori, David Davis, Winfried Weissenhorn, Áine McKnight, Jonathan L. Heeney, Federica Sallusto, Quentin J. Sattentau, Robin A. Weiss, and Antonio Lanzavecchia. Analysis of Memory B Cell Responses and Isolation of Novel Monoclonal Antibodies with Neutralizing Breadth from HIV-1-Infected Individuals. PLoS One, 5(1):e8805, 2010. PubMed ID: 20098712. Show all entries for this paper.

Crooks2005 Emma T. Crooks, Penny L. Moore, Douglas Richman, James Robinson, Jeffrey A. Crooks, Michael Franti, Norbert Schülke, and James M. Binley. Characterizing Anti-HIV Monoclonal Antibodies and Immune Sera by Defining the Mechanism of Neutralization. Hum Antibodies, 14(3-4):101-113, 2005. PubMed ID: 16720980. Show all entries for this paper.

Davenport2011 Thaddeus M. Davenport, Della Friend, Katharine Ellingson, Hengyu Xu, Zachary Caldwell, George Sellhorn, Zane Kraft, Roland K. Strong, and Leonidas Stamatatos. Binding Interactions between Soluble HIV Envelope Glycoproteins and Quaternary-Structure-Specific Monoclonal Antibodies PG9 and PG16. J. Virol., 85(14):7095-7107, Jul 2011. PubMed ID: 21543501. Show all entries for this paper.

Davis2009 Katie L. Davis, Frederic Bibollet-Ruche, Hui Li, Julie M. Decker, Olaf Kutsch, Lynn Morris, Aidy Salomon, Abraham Pinter, James A. Hoxie, Beatrice H. Hahn, Peter D. Kwong, and George M. Shaw. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 2 (HIV-2)/HIV-1 Envelope Chimeras Detect High Titers of Broadly Reactive HIV-1 V3-Specific Antibodies in Human Plasma. J. Virol., 83(3):1240-1259, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 19019969. Show all entries for this paper.

Depetris2012 Rafael S Depetris, Jean-Philippe Julien, Reza Khayat, Jeong Hyun Lee, Robert Pejchal, Umesh Katpally, Nicolette Cocco, Milind Kachare, Evan Massi, Kathryn B. David, Albert Cupo, Andre J. Marozsan, William C. Olson, Andrew B. Ward, Ian A. Wilson, Rogier W. Sanders, and John P Moore. Partial Enzymatic Deglycosylation Preserves the Structure of Cleaved Recombinant HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Trimers. J. Biol. Chem., 287(29):24239-24254, 13 Jul 2012. PubMed ID: 22645128. Show all entries for this paper.

Derby2006 Nina R. Derby, Zane Kraft, Elaine Kan, Emma T. Crooks, Susan W. Barnett, Indresh K. Srivastava, James M. Binley, and Leonidas Stamatatos. Antibody Responses Elicited in Macaques Immunized with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) SF162-Derived gp140 Envelope Immunogens: Comparison with Those Elicited during Homologous Simian/Human Immunodeficiency Virus SHIVSF162P4 and Heterologous HIV-1 Infection. J. Virol., 80(17):8745-8762, Sep 2006. PubMed ID: 16912322. Show all entries for this paper.

Derby2007 Nina R. Derby, Sean Gray, Elizabeth Wayner, Dwayne Campogan, Giorgos Vlahogiannis, Zane Kraft, Susan W. Barnett, Indresh K. Srivastava, and Leonidas Stamatatos. Isolation and Characterization of Monoclonal Antibodies Elicited by Trimeric HIV-1 Env gp140 Protein Immunogens. Virology, 366(2):433-445, 30 Sep 2007. PubMed ID: 17560621. Show all entries for this paper.

Dervillez2010 Xavier Dervillez, Volker Klaukien, Ralf Dürr, Joachim Koch, Alexandra Kreutz, Thomas Haarmann, Michaela Stoll, Donghan Lee, Teresa Carlomagno, Barbara Schnierle, Kalle Möbius, Christoph Königs, Christian Griesinger, and Ursula Dietrich. Peptide Ligands Selected with CD4-Induced Epitopes on Native Dualtropic HIV-1 Envelope Proteins Mimic Extracellular Coreceptor Domains and Bind to HIV-1 gp120 Independently of Coreceptor Usage. J. Virol., 84(19):10131-10138, Oct 2010. PubMed ID: 20660187. Show all entries for this paper.

deTaeye2015 Steven W. de Taeye, Gabriel Ozorowski, Alba Torrents de la Peña, Miklos Guttman, Jean-Philippe Julien, Tom L. G. M. van den Kerkhof, Judith A. Burger, Laura K. Pritchard, Pavel Pugach, Anila Yasmeen, Jordan Crampton, Joyce Hu, Ilja Bontjer, Jonathan L. Torres, Heather Arendt, Joanne DeStefano, Wayne C. Koff, Hanneke Schuitemaker, Dirk Eggink, Ben Berkhout, Hansi Dean, Celia LaBranche, Shane Crotty, Max Crispin, David C. Montefiori, P. J. Klasse, Kelly K. Lee, John P. Moore, Ian A. Wilson, Andrew B. Ward, and Rogier W. Sanders. Immunogenicity of Stabilized HIV-1 Envelope Trimers with Reduced Exposure of Non-Neutralizing Epitopes. Cell, 163(7):1702-1715, 17 Dec 2015. PubMed ID: 26687358. Show all entries for this paper.

deTaeye2018 Steven W. de Taeye, Alba Torrents de la Peña, Andrea Vecchione, Enzo Scutigliani, Kwinten Sliepen, Judith A. Burger, Patricia van der Woude, Anna Schorcht, Edith E. Schermer, Marit J. van Gils, Celia C. LaBranche, David C. Montefiori, Ian A. Wilson, John P. Moore, Andrew B. Ward, and Rogier W. Sanders. Stabilization of the gp120 V3 Loop through Hydrophobic Interactions Reduces the Immunodominant V3-Directed Non-Neutralizing Response to HIV-1 Envelope Trimers. J. Biol. Chem., 293(5):1688-1701, 2 Feb 2018. PubMed ID: 29222332. Show all entries for this paper.

Dey2008 Antu K. Dey, Kathryn B. David, Neelanjana Ray, Thomas J. Ketas, Per J. Klasse, Robert W. Doms, and John P. Moore. N-Terminal Substitutions in HIV-1 gp41 Reduce the Expression of Non-Trimeric Envelope Glycoproteins on the Virus. Virology, 372(1):187-200, 1 Mar 2008. PubMed ID: 18031785. Show all entries for this paper.

Dhillon2007 Amandeep K. Dhillon, Helen Donners, Ralph Pantophlet, Welkin E. Johnson, Julie M. Decker, George M. Shaw, Fang-Hua Lee, Douglas D. Richman, Robert W. Doms, Guido Vanham, and Dennis R. Burton. Dissecting the Neutralizing Antibody Specificities of Broadly Neutralizing Sera from Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1-Infected Donors. J. Virol., 81(12):6548-6562, Jun 2007. PubMed ID: 17409160. Show all entries for this paper.

Dhillon2008 Amandeep K. Dhillon, Robyn L. Stanfield, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Constance Williams, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Ian A. Wilson. Structure Determination of an Anti-HIV-1 Fab 447-52D-Peptide Complex from an Epitaxially Twinned Data Set. Acta. Crystallogr. D Biol. Crystallogr., D64(7):792-802, Jul 2008. PubMed ID: 18566514. Show all entries for this paper.

Doria-Rose2010 Nicole A. Doria-Rose, Rachel M. Klein, Marcus G. Daniels, Sijy O'Dell, Martha Nason, Alan Lapedes, Tanmoy Bhattacharya, Stephen A. Migueles, Richard T. Wyatt, Bette T. Korber, John R. Mascola, and Mark Connors. Breadth of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Specific Neutralizing Activity in Sera: Clustering Analysis and Association with Clinical Variables. J. Virol., 84(3):1631-1636, Feb 2010. PubMed ID: 19923174. Show all entries for this paper.

Douagi2010 Iyadh Douagi, Mattias N. E. Forsell, Christopher Sundling, Sijy O'Dell, Yu Feng, Pia Dosenovic, Yuxing Li, Robert Seder, Karin Loré, John R. Mascola, Richard T. Wyatt, and Gunilla B. Karlsson Hedestam. Influence of Novel CD4 Binding-Defective HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Immunogens on Neutralizing Antibody and T-Cell Responses in Nonhuman Primates. J. Virol., 84(4):1683-1695, Feb 2010. PubMed ID: 19955308. Show all entries for this paper.

DSouza1997 M. P. D'Souza, D. Livnat, J. A. Bradac, S. H. Bridges, the AIDS Clinical Trials Group Antibody Selection Working Group, and Collaborating Investigators. Evaluation of monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 primary isolates by neutralization assays: performance criteria for selecting candidate antibodies for clinical trials. J. Infect. Dis., 175:1056-1062, 1997. Five laboratories evaluated neutralization of nine primary B clade isolates by a coded panel of seven human MAbs to HIV-1 subtype B envelope. IgG1b12, 2G12, 2F5 showed potent and broadly cross-reactive neutralizing ability; F105, 447/52-D, 729-D, 19b did not neutralize the primary isolates. PubMed ID: 9129066. Show all entries for this paper.

Eda2006 Yasuyuki Eda, Toshio Murakami, Yasushi Ami, Tadashi Nakasone, Mari Takizawa, Kenji Someya, Masahiko Kaizu, Yasuyuki Izumi, Naoto Yoshino, Shuzo Matsushita, Hirofumi Higuchi, Hajime Matsui, Katsuaki Shinohara, Hiroaki Takeuchi, Yoshio Koyanagi, Naoki Yamamoto, and Mitsuo Honda. Anti-V3 Humanized Antibody KD-247 Effectively Suppresses Ex Vivo Generation of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 and Affords Sterile Protection of Monkeys against a Heterologous Simian/Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection. J. Virol., 80(11):5563-5570, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16699037. Show all entries for this paper.

Eda2006a Yasuyuki Eda, Mari Takizawa, Toshio Murakami, Hiroaki Maeda, Kazuhiko Kimachi, Hiroshi Yonemura, Satoshi Koyanagi, Kouichi Shiosaki, Hirofumi Higuchi, Keiichi Makizumi, Toshihiro Nakashima, Kiyoshi Osatomi, Sachio Tokiyoshi, Shuzo Matsushita, Naoki Yamamoto, and Mitsuo Honda. Sequential Immunization with V3 Peptides from Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Produces Cross-Neutralizing Antibodies against Primary Isolates with a Matching Narrow-Neutralization Sequence Motif. J. Virol., 80(11):5552-5562, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16699036. Show all entries for this paper.

Fenyo2009 Eva Maria Fenyö, Alan Heath, Stefania Dispinseri, Harvey Holmes, Paolo Lusso, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Helen Donners, Leo Heyndrickx, Jose Alcami, Vera Bongertz, Christian Jassoy, Mauro Malnati, David Montefiori, Christiane Moog, Lynn Morris, Saladin Osmanov, Victoria Polonis, Quentin Sattentau, Hanneke Schuitemaker, Ruengpung Sutthent, Terri Wrin, and Gabriella Scarlatti. International Network for Comparison of HIV Neutralization Assays: The NeutNet Report. PLoS One, 4(2):e4505, 2009. PubMed ID: 19229336. Show all entries for this paper.

Ferrantelli2002 Flavia Ferrantelli and Ruth M. Ruprecht. Neutralizing Antibodies Against HIV --- Back in the Major Leagues? Curr. Opin. Immunol., 14(4):495-502, Aug 2002. PubMed ID: 12088685. Show all entries for this paper.

Fontenot1995 J. D. Fontenot, T. C. VanCott, B. S. Parekh, C. P. Pau, J. R. George, D. L. Birx, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and J. M. Gatewood. Presentation of HIV V3 Loop Epitopes for Enhanced Antigenicity, Immunogenicity and Diagnostic Potential. AIDS, 9:1121-1129, 1995. PubMed ID: 8519447. Show all entries for this paper.

Forsell2008 Mattias N. E. Forsell, Barna Dey, Andreas Mörner, Krisha Svehla, Sijy O'dell, Carl-Magnus Högerkorp, Gerald Voss, Rigmor Thorstensson, George M. Shaw, John R. Mascola, Gunilla B. Karlsson Hedestam, and Richard T. Wyatt. B Cell Recognition of the Conserved HIV-1 Co-Receptor Binding Site Is Altered by Endogenous Primate CD4. PLoS Pathog., 4(10):e1000171, 2008. PubMed ID: 18833294. Show all entries for this paper.

Forsman2008 Anna Forsman, Els Beirnaert, Marlén M. I. Aasa-Chapman, Bart Hoorelbeke, Karolin Hijazi, Willie Koh, Vanessa Tack, Agnieszka Szynol, Charles Kelly, Áine McKnight, Theo Verrips, Hans de Haard, and Robin A Weiss. Llama Antibody Fragments with Cross-Subtype Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1)-Neutralizing Properties and High Affinity for HIV-1 gp120. J. Virol., 82(24):12069-12081, Dec 2008. PubMed ID: 18842738. Show all entries for this paper.

Forthal1995 D. N. Forthal, G. Landucci, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and W. E. Robinson, Jr. Functional Activities of 20 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1)-Specific Human Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 11:1095-1099, 1995. A series of tests were performed on 20 human monoclonal antibodies to assess their potential therapeutic utility. Antibodies were tested for potentially harmful complement-mediated antibody enhancing activity (C-ADE), and for potentially beneficial neutralizing activity and antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity ADCC. PubMed ID: 8554906. Show all entries for this paper.

Forthal2009 Donald N. Forthal and Christiane Moog. Fc Receptor-Mediated Antiviral Antibodies. Curr. Opin. HIV AIDS, 4(5):388-393, Sep 2009. PubMed ID: 20048702. Show all entries for this paper.

Fouts1997 T. R. Fouts, J. M. Binley, A. Trkola, J. E. Robinson, and J. P. Moore. Neutralization of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolate JR-FL by Human Monoclonal Antibodies Correlates with Antibody Binding to the Oligomeric Form of the Envelope Glycoprotein Complex. J. Virol., 71:2779-2785, 1997. To test whether antibody neutralization of HIV-1 primary isolates is correlated with the affinities for the oligomeric envelope glycoproteins, JRFL was used as a model primary virus and a panel of 13 human MAbs were evaluated for: half-maximal binding to rec monomeric JRFL gp120; half-maximal binding to oligomeric - JRFL Env expressed on the surface of transfected 293 cells; and neutralization of JRFL in a PBMC-based neutralization assay. Antibody affinity for oligomeric JRFL Env but not monomeric JRFL gp120 correlated with JRFL neutralization. PubMed ID: 9060632. Show all entries for this paper.

Gao2005a Feng Gao, Eric A. Weaver, Zhongjing Lu, Yingying Li, Hua-Xin Liao, Benjiang Ma, S Munir Alam, Richard M. Scearce, Laura L. Sutherland, Jae-Sung Yu, Julie M. Decker, George M. Shaw, David C. Montefiori, Bette T. Korber, Beatrice H. Hahn, and Barton F. Haynes. Antigenicity and Immunogenicity of a Synthetic Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Group M Consensus Envelope Glycoprotein. J. Virol., 79(2):1154-1163, Jan 2005. PubMed ID: 15613343. Show all entries for this paper.

Gazarian2013 Karlen G. Gazarian, Yadira Palacios-Rodríguez, Tatiana G. Gazarian, and Leonor Huerta. HIV-1 V3 Loop Crown Epitope-Focused Mimotope Selection by Patient Serum from Random Phage Display Libraries: Implications for the Epitope Structural Features. Mol. Immunol., 54(2):148-156, Jun 2013. PubMed ID: 23270686. Show all entries for this paper.

Gonzalez2010 Nuria Gonzalez, Amparo Alvarez, and Jose Alcami. Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies and their Significance for HIV-1 Vaccines. Curr. HIV Res., 8(8):602-612, Dec 2010. PubMed ID: 21054253. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1992 M. K. Gorny, A. J. Conley, S. Karwowska, A. Buchbinder, J.-Y. Xu, E. A. Emini, S. Koenig, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Neutralization of Diverse Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Variants by an Anti-V3 Human Monoclonal Antibody. J. Virol., 66:7538-7542, 1992. PubMed ID: 1433529. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1993 M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, S. Karwowska, A. Buchbinder, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Repertoire of Neutralizing Human Monoclonal Antibodies Specific for The V3 Domain of HIV-1 gp120. J. Immunol., 150:635-643, 1993. Characterizaton of 12 human MAbs that bind and neutralize the MN isolate with 50\% neutralization. Two of these antibodies also bound and neutralized IIIB: 447-52-D and 694/98-D; all others could not bind HXB2 peptides. All but two, 418-D and 412-D could bind to SF2 peptides. PubMed ID: 7678279. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1994 M. K. Gorny, J. P. Moore, A. J. Conley, S. Karwowska, J. Sodroski, C. Williams, S. Burda, L. J. Boots, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Human Anti-V2 Monoclonal Antibody That Neutralizes Primary but Not Laboratory Isolates of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. J. Virol., 68:8312-8320, 1994. Detailed characterization of the MAb 697-D. PubMed ID: 7525987. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1997 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Thomas C. VanCott, Catarina Hioe, Zimra R. Israel, Nelson L. Michael, Anthony J. Conley, Constance Williams, Joseph A. Kessler II, Padmasree Chigurupati, Sherri Burda, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies to the V3 Loop of HIV-1 With Intra- and Interclade Cross-Reactivity. J. Immunol., 159:5114-5122, 1997. PubMed ID: 9366441. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1998 M. K. Gorny, J. R. Mascola, Z. R. Israel, T. C. VanCott, C. Williams, P. Balfe, C. Hioe, S. Brodine, S. Burda, and S. Zolla-Pazner. A Human Monoclonal Antibody Specific for the V3 Loop of HIV Type 1 Clade E Cross-Reacts with Other HIV Type 1 Clades. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 14:213-221, 1998. PubMed ID: 9491911. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2000b M. K. Gorny, T. C. VanCott, C. Williams, K. Revesz, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Effects of oligomerization on the epitopes of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoproteins. Virology, 267:220-8, 2000. PubMed ID: 10662617. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2002 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Sandra Cohen, Victoria R. Polonis, William J. Honnen, Samuel C. Kayman, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies Specific for Conformation-Sensitive Epitopes of V3 Neutralize Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolates from Various Clades. J. Virol., 76(18):9035-9045, Sep 2002. PubMed ID: 12186887. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2004 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Kathy Revesz, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Mark K. Louder, Christopher A. Anyangwe, Chavdar Krachmarov, Samuel C. Kayman, Abraham Pinter, Arthur Nadas, Phillipe N. Nyambi, John R. Mascola, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. The V3 Loop is Accessible on the Surface of Most Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolates and Serves as a Neutralization Epitope. J. Virol., 78(5):2394-2404, Mar 2004. PubMed ID: 14963135. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2005 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Leonidas Stamatatos, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Constance Williams, Xiao-Hong Wang, Sandra Cohen, Robert Staudinger, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Identification of a New Quaternary Neutralizing Epitope on Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virus Particles. J. Virol., 79(8):5232-5237, Apr 2005. PubMed ID: 15795308. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2006 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Xiao-Hong Wang, Sherri Burda, Tetsuya Kimura, Frank A. J. Konings, Arthur Nádas, Christopher A. Anyangwe, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Cross-Clade Neutralizing Activity of Human Anti-V3 Monoclonal Antibodies Derived from the Cells of Individuals Infected with Non-B Clades of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. J. Virol., 80(14):6865-6872, Jul 2006. PubMed ID: 16809292. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2009 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Bradley Witover, Sherri Burda, Mateusz Urbanski, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Arthur Nadas. Preferential Use of the VH5-51 Gene Segment by the Human Immune Response to Code for Antibodies against the V3 Domain of HIV-1. Mol. Immunol., 46(5):917-926, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 18952295. Show all entries for this paper.

Grovit-Ferbas2000 K. Grovit-Ferbas, J. F. Hsu, J. Ferbas, V. Gudeman, and I. S. Chen. Enhanced binding of antibodies to neutralization epitopes following thermal and chemical inactivation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J. Virol., 74(13):5802-9, Jul 2000. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/74/13/5802. PubMed ID: 10846059. Show all entries for this paper.

Grundner2005 Christoph Grundner, Yuxing Li, Mark Louder, John Mascola, Xinzhen Yang, Joseph Sodroski, and Richard Wyatt. Analysis of the Neutralizing Antibody Response Elicited in Rabbits by Repeated Inoculation with Trimeric HIV-1 Envelope Glycoproteins. Virology, 331(1):33-46, 5 Jan 2005. PubMed ID: 15582651. Show all entries for this paper.

Guzzo2018 Christina Guzzo, Peng Zhang, Qingbo Liu, Alice L. Kwon, Ferzan Uddin, Alexandra I. Wells, Hana Schmeisser, Raffaello Cimbro, Jinghe Huang, Nicole Doria-Rose, Stephen D. Schmidt, Michael A. Dolan, Mark Connors, John R. Mascola, and Paolo Lusso. Structural Constraints at the Trimer Apex Stabilize the HIV-1 Envelope in a Closed, Antibody-Protected Conformation. mBio, 9(6), 11 Dec 2018. PubMed ID: 30538178. Show all entries for this paper.

Haldar2011 Bijayesh Haldar, Sherri Burda, Constance Williams, Leo Heyndrickx, Guido Vanham, Miroslaw K. Gorny, and Phillipe Nyambi. Longitudinal Study of Primary HIV-1 Isolates in Drug-Naïve Individuals Reveals the Emergence of Variants Sensitive to Anti-HIV-1 Monoclonal Antibodies. PLoS One, 6(2):e17253, 2011. PubMed ID: 21383841. Show all entries for this paper.

Haynes2005 Barton F. Haynes, Judith Fleming, E. William St. Clair, Herman Katinger, Gabriela Stiegler, Renate Kunert, James Robinson, Richard M. Scearce, Kelly Plonk, Herman F. Staats, Thomas L. Ortel, Hua-Xin Liao, and S. Munir Alam. Cardiolipin Polyspecific Autoreactivity in Two Broadly Neutralizing HIV-1 Antibodies. Science, 308(5730):1906-1908, 24 Jun 2005. Comment in Science 2005 Jun 24;308(5730):1878-9. PubMed ID: 15860590. Show all entries for this paper.

Haynes2006 Barton F. Haynes, Benjiang Ma, David C. Montefiori, Terri Wrin, Christos J. Petropoulos, Laura L. Sutherland, Richard M. Scearce, Cathrine. Denton, Shi-Mao Xia, Bette T. Korber, and Hua-Xin Liao. Analysis of HIV-1 Subtype B Third Variable Region Peptide Motifs for Induction of Neutralizing Antibodies against HIV-1 Primary Isolates. Virology, 345(1):44-55, 5 Feb 2006. PubMed ID: 16242749. Show all entries for this paper.

Haynes2006a Barton F. Haynes and David C. Montefiori. Aiming to Induce Broadly Reactive Neutralizing Antibody Responses with HIV-1 Vaccine Candidates. Expert Rev. Vaccines, 5(4):579-595, Aug 2006. PubMed ID: 16989638. Show all entries for this paper.

He2002 Yuxian He, William J. Honnen, Chavdar P. Krachmarov, Michael Burkhart, Samuel C. Kayman, Jose Corvalan, and Abraham Pinter. Efficient Isolation of Novel Human Monoclonal Antibodies with Neutralizing Activity Against HIV-1 from Transgenic Mice Expressing Human Ig Loci. J. Immunol., 169(1):595-605, 1 Jul 2002. PubMed ID: 12077293. Show all entries for this paper.

Hill1997 C. M. Hill, H. Deng, D. Unutmaz, V. N. Kewalramani, L. Bastiani, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and D. R. Littman. Envelope glycoproteins from human immunodeficiency virus types 1 and 2 and simian immunodeficiency virus can use human CCR5 as a coreceptor for viral entry and make direct CD4-dependent interactions with this chemokine receptor. J. Virol., 71:6296-6304, 1997. PubMed ID: 9261346. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe1997 C. Hioe, S. Burda, P. Chigurupati, S. Xu, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Resting Cell Neutralization Assay for HIV-1 Primary Isolates. Methods: A companion to Methods in Enzymology, 12:300-305, 1997. A technique is described for detecting the activity of neutralizing polyclonal or MAbs against HIV-1 primary isolates, using unstimulated PBMC as the target cell. PubMed ID: 9245610. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe1997b C. E. Hioe, S. Xu, P. Chigurupati, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Neutralization of HIV-1 Primary Isolates by Polyclonal and Monoclonal Human Antibodies. Int. Immunol., 9(9):1281-1290, Sep 1997. PubMed ID: 9310831. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe1999 C. E. Hioe, J. E. Hildreth, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Enhanced HIV Type 1 Neutralization by Human Anti-Glycoprotein 120 Monoclonal Antibodies in the Presence of Monoclonal Antibodies to Lymphocyte Function-Associated Molecule 1. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 15:523-531, 1999. PubMed ID: 10221529. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe2000 C. E. Hioe, G. J. Jones, A. D. Rees, S. Ratto-Kim, D. Birx, C. Munz, M. K. Gorny, M. Tuen, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Anti-CD4-Binding Domain Antibodies Complexed with HIV Type 1 Glycoprotein 120 Inhibit CD4+ T Cell-Proliferative Responses to Glycoprotein 120. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 16:893-905, 2000. PubMed ID: 10875615. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe2009 Catarina E. Hioe, Maria Luisa Visciano, Rajnish Kumar, Jianping Liu, Ethan A. Mack, Rachel E. Simon, David N. Levy, and Michael Tuen. The Use of Immune Complex Vaccines to Enhance Antibody Responses against Neutralizing Epitopes on HIV-1 Envelope gp120. Vaccine, 28(2):352-360, 11 Dec 2009. PubMed ID: 19879224. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe2010 Catarina E. Hioe, Terri Wrin, Michael S. Seaman, Xuesong Yu, Blake Wood, Steve Self, Constance Williams, Miroslaw K. Gorny, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Anti-V3 Monoclonal Antibodies Display Broad Neutralizing Activities against Multiple HIV-1 Subtypes. PLoS One, 5(4):e10254, 2010. PubMed ID: 20421997. Show all entries for this paper.

Hogan2018 Michael J. Hogan, Angela Conde-Motter, Andrea P. O. Jordan, Lifei Yang, Brad Cleveland, Wenjin Guo, Josephine Romano, Houping Ni, Norbert Pardi, Celia C. LaBranche, David C. Montefiori, Shiu-Lok Hu, James A. Hoxie, and Drew Weissman. Increased Surface Expression of HIV-1 Envelope Is Associated with Improved Antibody Response in Vaccinia Prime/Protein Boost Immunization. Virology, 514:106-117, 15 Jan 2018. PubMed ID: 29175625. Show all entries for this paper.

Holl2006 Vincent Holl, Maryse Peressin, Thomas Decoville, Sylvie Schmidt, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Anne-Marie Aubertin, and Christiane Moog. Nonneutralizing Antibodies Are Able To Inhibit Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication in Macrophages and Immature Dendritic Cells. J. Virol., 80(12):6177-6181, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16731957. Show all entries for this paper.

Holl2006a Vincent Holl, Maryse Peressin, Sylvie Schmidt, Thomas Decoville, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Anne-Marie Aubertin, and Christiane Moog. Efficient Inhibition of HIV-1 Replication in Human Immature Monocyte-Derived Dendritic Cells by Purified Anti-HIV-1 IgG without Induction of Maturation. Blood, 107(11):4466-4474, 1 Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16469871. Show all entries for this paper.

Hoxie2010 James A. Hoxie. Toward an Antibody-Based HIV-1 Vaccine. Annu. Rev. Med., 61:135-52, 2010. PubMed ID: 19824826. Show all entries for this paper.

Hu2007 Qinxue Hu, Naheed Mahmood, and Robin J. Shattock. High-Mannose-Specific Deglycosylation of HIV-1 gp120 Induced by Resistance to Cyanovirin-N and the Impact on Antibody Neutralization. Virology, 368(1):145-154, 10 Nov 2007. PubMed ID: 17658575. Show all entries for this paper.

Huang2005 Chih-chin Huang, Min Tang, Mei-Yun Zhang, Shahzad Majeed, Elizabeth Montabana, Robyn L. Stanfield, Dimiter S. Dimitrov, Bette Korber, Joseph Sodroski, Ian A. Wilson, Richard Wyatt, and Peter D. Kwong. Structure of a V3-Containing HIV-1 gp120 Core. Science, 310(5750):1025-1028, 11 Nov 2005. PubMed ID: 16284180. Show all entries for this paper.

Huang2010 Kuan-Hsiang G. Huang, David Bonsall, Aris Katzourakis, Emma C. Thomson, Sarah J. Fidler, Janice Main, David Muir, Jonathan N. Weber, Alexander J. Frater, Rodney E. Phillips, Oliver G. Pybus, Philip J. R. Goulder, Myra O. McClure, Graham S. Cooke, and Paul Klenerman. B-Cell Depletion Reveals a Role for Antibodies in the Control of Chronic HIV-1 Infection. Nat. Commun., 1:102, 2010. PubMed ID: 20981030. Show all entries for this paper.

Huber2007 M. Huber and A. Trkola. Humoral Immunity to HIV-1: Neutralization and Beyond. J. Intern. Med., 262(1):5-25, Jul 2007. PubMed ID: 17598812. Show all entries for this paper.

Inouye1998 P. Inouye, E. Cherry, M. Hsu, S. Zolla-Pazner, and M. A. Wainberg. Neutralizing Antibodies Directed against the V3 Loop Select for Different Escape Variants in a Virus with Mutated Reverse Transcriptase (M184V) Than in Wild-Type Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 14:735-740, 1998. The M184V substitution in RT yields high level resistance to 3TC and low level resistance to ddI and ddC, and alters the properties of RT. Virus containing the wt form of RT grown in the presence of the MAb 447-D develops 447-D resistance in 36 days, with the GPGR to GPGK substitutions (AGA(R) to AAA(K)). 447-D resistance took longer to acquire in virus with the M184V substituted RT, and had the form CTRPN to CTRPY (AAC(N) to TAC(Y)) at position 5 of the V3 loop. PubMed ID: 9643373. Show all entries for this paper.

Jagodzinski1996 P. P. Jagodzinski, J. Wustner, D. Kmieciak, T. J. Wasik, A. Fertala, A. L. Sieron, M. Takahashi, T. Tsuji, T. Mimura, M. S. Fung, M. K. Gorny, M. Kloczewiak, Y. Kaneko, and D. Kozbor. Role of the V2, V3, and CD4-Binding Domains of GP120 in Curdlan Sulfate Neutralization Sensitivity of HIV-1 during Infection of T Lymphocytes. Virology, 226:217-227, 1996. PubMed ID: 8955041. Show all entries for this paper.

Jiang2010 Xunqing Jiang, Valicia Burke, Maxim Totrov, Constance Williams, Timothy Cardozo, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Xiang-Peng Kong. Conserved Structural Elements in the V3 Crown of HIV-1 gp120. Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol., 17(8):955-961, Aug 2010. PubMed ID: 20622876. Show all entries for this paper.

Johnson2017 Jacklyn Johnson, Yinjie Zhai, Hamid Salimi, Nicole Espy, Noah Eichelberger, Orlando DeLeon, Yunxia O'Malley, Joel Courter, Amos B. Smith, III, Navid Madani, Joseph Sodroski, and Hillel Haim. Induction of a Tier-1-Like Phenotype in Diverse Tier-2 Isolates by Agents That Guide HIV-1 Env to Perturbation-Sensitive, Nonnative States. J. Virol., 91(15), 1 Aug 2017. PubMed ID: 28490588. Show all entries for this paper.

Kang2005 Sang-Moo Kang, Fu Shi Quan, Chunzi Huang, Lizheng Guo, Ling Ye, Chinglai Yang, and Richard W. Compans. Modified HIV Envelope Proteins with Enhanced Binding to Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibodies. Virology, 331(1):20-32, 5 Jan 2005. PubMed ID: 15582650. Show all entries for this paper.

Karwowska1992a S. Karwowska, M. K. Gorny, A. Buchbinder, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Type-specific human monoclonal antibodies cross-react with the V3-loop of various HIV-1 isolates. Vaccines 92, :171-174, 1992. Editors: F. Brown, H. S. Ginsberg and R. Lerner, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, NY. Show all entries for this paper.

Keele2008 Brandon F. Keele, Elena E. Giorgi, Jesus F. Salazar-Gonzalez, Julie M. Decker, Kimmy T. Pham, Maria G. Salazar, Chuanxi Sun, Truman Grayson, Shuyi Wang, Hui Li, Xiping Wei, Chunlai Jiang, Jennifer L. Kirchherr, Feng Gao, Jeffery A. Anderson, Li-Hua Ping, Ronald Swanstrom, Georgia D. Tomaras, William A. Blattner, Paul A. Goepfert, J. Michael Kilby, Michael S. Saag, Eric L. Delwart, Michael P. Busch, Myron S. Cohen, David C. Montefiori, Barton F. Haynes, Brian Gaschen, Gayathri S. Athreya, Ha Y. Lee, Natasha Wood, Cathal Seoighe, Alan S. Perelson, Tanmoy Bhattacharya, Bette T. Korber, Beatrice H. Hahn, and George M. Shaw. Identification and Characterization of Transmitted and Early Founder Virus Envelopes in Primary HIV-1 Infection. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 105(21):7552-7557, 27 May 2008. PubMed ID: 18490657. Show all entries for this paper.

Keller1993 P. M. Keller, B. A. Arnold, A. R. Shaw, R. L. Tolman, F. Van Middlesworth, S. Bondy, V. K. Rusiecki, S. Koenig, S. Zolla-Pazner, P. Conard, E. A. Emini, and A. J. Conley. Identification of HIV Vaccine Candidate Peptides by Screening Random Phage Epitope Libraries. Virology, 193:709-716, 1993. A library of 15 mers was screened for reactivity with 447-52D. 100s of 15 mers reacted, of which 70 were sequenced. All but one contained the motif GPXR. PubMed ID: 7681612. Show all entries for this paper.

Kessler2003 Naama Kessler, Anat Zvi, Min Ji, Michal Sharon, Osnat Rosen, Rina Levy, Miroslaw Gorny, Suzan Zolla-Pazner, and Jacob Anglister. Expression, Purification, and Isotope Labeling of the Fv of the Human HIV-1 Neutralizing Antibody 447-52D for NMR Studies. Protein. Expr. Purif., 29(2):291-303, Jun 2003. PubMed ID: 12767822. Show all entries for this paper.

Kimura2009 Tetsuya Kimura, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Miroslaw K. Gorny. Human Monoclonal Antibody 2909 Binds to Pseudovirions Expressing Trimers but not Monomeric HIV-1 Envelope Proteins. Hum. Antibodies, 18(1-2):35-40, 2009. PubMed ID: 19478397. Show all entries for this paper.

Klein2013 Florian Klein, Ron Diskin, Johannes F. Scheid, Christian Gaebler, Hugo Mouquet, Ivelin S. Georgiev, Marie Pancera, Tongqing Zhou, Reha-Baris Incesu, Brooks Zhongzheng Fu, Priyanthi N. P. Gnanapragasam, Thiago Y. Oliveira, Michael S. Seaman, Peter D. Kwong, Pamela J. Bjorkman, and Michel C. Nussenzweig. Somatic Mutations of the Immunoglobulin Framework Are Generally Required for Broad and Potent HIV-1 Neutralization. Cell, 153(1):126-138, 28 Mar 2013. PubMed ID: 23540694. Show all entries for this paper.

Korber2009 Bette Korber and S. Gnanakaran. The Implications of Patterns in HIV Diversity for Neutralizing Antibody Induction and Susceptibility. Curr. Opin. HIV AIDS, 4(5):408-417, Sep 2009. PubMed ID: 20048705. Show all entries for this paper.

Krachmarov2005 Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, William J. Honnen, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Phillipe N. Nyambi, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Samuel C. Kayman. Antibodies That Are Cross-Reactive for Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Clade A and Clade B V3 Domains Are Common in Patient Sera from Cameroon, but Their Neutralization Activity Is Usually Restricted by Epitope Masking. J. Virol., 79(2):780-790, Jan 2005. PubMed ID: 15613306. Show all entries for this paper.

Krachmarov2006 C. P. Krachmarov, W. J. Honnen, S. C. Kayman, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and Abraham Pinter. Factors Determining the Breadth and Potency of Neutralization by V3-Specific Human Monoclonal Antibodies Derived from Subjects Infected with Clade A or Clade B Strains of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. J. Virol., 80(14):7127-7135, Jul 2006. PubMed ID: 16809318. Show all entries for this paper.

Kraft2007 Zane Kraft, Nina R. Derby, Ruth A. McCaffrey, Rachel Niec, Wendy M. Blay, Nancy L. Haigwood, Eirini Moysi, Cheryl J. Saunders, Terri Wrin, Christos J. Petropoulos, M. Juliana McElrath, and Leonidas Stamatatos. Macaques Infected with a CCR5-Tropic Simian/Human Immunodeficiency Virus (SHIV) Develop Broadly Reactive Anti-HIV Neutralizing Antibodies. J. Virol., 81(12):6402-6411, Jun 2007. PubMed ID: 17392364. Show all entries for this paper.

Kramer2007 Victor G. Kramer, Nagadenahalli B. Siddappa, and Ruth M. Ruprecht. Passive Immunization as Tool to Identify Protective HIV-1 Env Epitopes. Curr. HIV Res., 5(6):642-55, Nov 2007. PubMed ID: 18045119. Show all entries for this paper.

Kwong2009a Peter D. Kwong and Ian A. Wilson. HIV-1 and Influenza Antibodies: Seeing Antigens in New Ways. Nat. Immunol., 10(6):573-578, Jun 2009. PubMed ID: 19448659. Show all entries for this paper.

Laal1994 Suman Laal, Sherri Burda, Miroslav K. Gorny, Sylwia Karwowska, Aby Buchbinder, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Synergistic Neutralization of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 by Combinations of Human Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 68(6):4001-4008, Jun 1994. PubMed ID: 7514683. Show all entries for this paper.

Law2007 Mansun Law, Rosa M. F. Cardoso, Ian A. Wilson, and Dennis R. Burton. Antigenic and Immunogenic Study of Membrane-Proximal External Region-Grafted gp120 Antigens by a DNA Prime-Protein Boost Immunization Strategy. J. Virol., 81(8):4272-4285, Apr 2007. PubMed ID: 17267498. Show all entries for this paper.

Lewis1995 C. M. Lewis, G. F. Hollis, G. E. Mark, 3rd, J. S. Tung, and S. W. Ludmerer. Use of a Novel Mutagenesis Strategy, Optimized Residue Substitution, to Decrease the Off-Rate of an Anti-gp120 Antibody. Mol. Immunol., 32(14-15):1065-1072, Oct 1995. PubMed ID: 8544856. Show all entries for this paper.

Li2005a Ming Li, Feng Gao, John R. Mascola, Leonidas Stamatatos, Victoria R. Polonis, Marguerite Koutsoukos, Gerald Voss, Paul Goepfert, Peter Gilbert, Kelli M. Greene, Miroslawa Bilska, Denise L Kothe, Jesus F. Salazar-Gonzalez, Xiping Wei, Julie M. Decker, Beatrice H. Hahn, and David C. Montefiori. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 env Clones from Acute and Early Subtype B Infections for Standardized Assessments of Vaccine-Elicited Neutralizing Antibodies. J. Virol., 79(16):10108-10125, Aug 2005. PubMed ID: 16051804. Show all entries for this paper.

Li2007a Yuxing Li, Stephen A. Migueles, Brent Welcher, Krisha Svehla, Adhuna Phogat, Mark K. Louder, Xueling Wu, George M. Shaw, Mark Connors, Richard T. Wyatt, and John R. Mascola. Broad HIV-1 Neutralization Mediated by CD4-Binding Site Antibodies. Nat. Med., 13(9):1032-1034, Sep 2007. PubMed ID: 17721546. Show all entries for this paper.

Li2009c Yuxing Li, Krisha Svehla, Mark K. Louder, Diane Wycuff, Sanjay Phogat, Min Tang, Stephen A. Migueles, Xueling Wu, Adhuna Phogat, George M. Shaw, Mark Connors, James Hoxie, John R. Mascola, and Richard Wyatt. Analysis of Neutralization Specificities in Polyclonal Sera Derived from Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1-Infected Individuals. J Virol, 83(2):1045-1059, Jan 2009. PubMed ID: 19004942. Show all entries for this paper.

Lin2007 George Lin and Peter L. Nara. Designing Immunogens to Elicit Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies to the HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein. Curr. HIV Res., 5(6):514-541, Nov 2007. PubMed ID: 18045109. Show all entries for this paper.

Ling2004 Hong Ling, Peng Xiao, Osamu Usami, and Toshio Hattori. Thrombin Activates Envelope Glycoproteins of HIV Type 1 and Enhances Fusion. Microbes Infect., 6(5):414-420, Apr 2004. PubMed ID: 15109955. Show all entries for this paper.

Louder2005 Mark K. Louder, Anna Sambor, Elena Chertova, Tai Hunte, Sarah Barrett, Fallon Ojong, Eric Sanders-Buell, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Francine E. McCutchan, James D. Roser, Dana Gabuzda, Jeffrey D. Lifson, and John R. Mascola. HIV-1 Envelope Pseudotyped Viral Vectors and Infectious Molecular Clones Expressing the Same Envelope Glycoprotein Have a Similar Neutralization Phenotype, but Culture in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells Is Associated with Decreased Neutralization Sensitivity. Virology, 339(2):226-238, 1 Sep 2005. PubMed ID: 16005039. Show all entries for this paper.

Lusso2005 Paolo Lusso, Patricia L. Earl, Francesca Sironi, Fabio Santoro, Chiara Ripamonti, Gabriella Scarlatti, Renato Longhi, Edward A. Berger, and Samuele E. Burastero. Cryptic Nature of a Conserved, CD4-Inducible V3 Loop Neutralization Epitope in the Native Envelope Glycoprotein Oligomer of CCR5-Restricted, but not CXCR4-Using, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Strains. J. Virol., 79(11):6957-6968, Jun 2005. PubMed ID: 15890935. Show all entries for this paper.

Ly2000 A. Ly and L. Stamatatos. V2 Loop Glycosylation of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 SF162 Envelope Facilitates Interaction of this Protein with CD4 and CCR5 Receptors and Protects the Virus from Neutralization by Anti-V3 Loop and Anti-CD4 Binding Site Antibodies. J. Virol., 74:6769-6776, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888615. Show all entries for this paper.

Martin2008 Grégoire Martin, Yide Sun, Bernadette Heyd, Olivier Combes, Jeffrey B Ulmer, Anne Descours, Susan W Barnett, Indresh K Srivastava, and Loïc Martin. A Simple One-Step Method for the Preparation of HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Immunogens Based on a CD4 Mimic Peptide. Virology, 381(2):241-250, 25 Nov 2008. PubMed ID: 18835005. Show all entries for this paper.

Martin2011 Grégoire Martin, Brian Burke, Robert Thaï, Antu K. Dey, Olivier Combes, Bernadette Heyd, Anthony R. Geonnotti, David C. Montefiori, Elaine Kan, Ying Lian, Yide Sun, Toufik Abache, Jeffrey B. Ulmer, Hocine Madaoui, Raphaël Guérois, Susan W. Barnett, Indresh K. Srivastava, Pascal Kessler, and Loïc Martin. Stabilization of HIV-1 Envelope in the CD4-Bound Conformation through Specific Cross-Linking of a CD4 Mimetic. J. Biol. Chem., 286(24):21706-21716, 17 Jun 2011. PubMed ID: 21487012. Show all entries for this paper.

Martin-Garcia2005 Julio Martín-García, Simon Cocklin, Irwin M. Chaiken, and Francisco González-Scarano. Interaction with CD4 and Antibodies to CD4-Induced Epitopes of the Envelope gp120 from a Microglial Cell-Adapted Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate. J. Virol., 79(11):6703-6713, Jun 2005. PubMed ID: 15890908. Show all entries for this paper.

McCaffrey2004 Ruth A McCaffrey, Cheryl Saunders, Mike Hensel, and Leonidas Stamatatos. N-Linked Glycosylation of the V3 Loop and the Immunologically Silent Face of gp120 Protects Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 SF162 from Neutralization by Anti-gp120 and Anti-gp41 Antibodies. J. Virol., 78(7):3279-3295, Apr 2004. PubMed ID: 15016849. Show all entries for this paper.

McCann2005 C. M. Mc Cann, R. J. Song, and R. M. Ruprecht. Antibodies: Can They Protect Against HIV Infection? Curr. Drug Targets Infect. Disord., 5(2):95-111, Jun 2005. PubMed ID: 15975016. Show all entries for this paper.

McGuire2014 Andrew T. McGuire, Jolene A. Glenn, Adriana Lippy, and Leonidas Stamatatos. Diverse Recombinant HIV-1 Envs Fail to Activate B Cells Expressing the Germline B Cell Receptors of the Broadly Neutralizing Anti-HIV-1 Antibodies PG9 and 447-52D. J. Virol., 88(5):2645-2657, Mar 2014. PubMed ID: 24352455. Show all entries for this paper.

McKnight2007 Aine McKnight and Marlen M. I. Aasa-Chapman. Clade Specific Neutralising Vaccines for HIV: An Appropriate Target? Curr. HIV Res., 5(6):554-560, Nov 2007. PubMed ID: 18045111. Show all entries for this paper.

Mester2009 Brenda Mester, Revital Manor, Amit Mor, Boris Arshava, Osnat Rosen, Fa-Xiang Ding, Fred Naider, and Jacob Anglister. HIV-1 Peptide Vaccine Candidates: Selecting Constrained V3 Peptides with Highest Affinity to Antibody 447-52D. Biochemistry, 48(33):7867-7877, 25 Aug 2009. PubMed ID: 19552398. Show all entries for this paper.

Mondor1998 I. Mondor, S. Ugolini, and Q. J. Sattentau. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Attachment to HeLa CD4 Cells Is CD4 Independent and Gp120 Dependent and Requires Cell Surface Heparans. J. Virol., 72:3623-3634, 1998. PubMed ID: 9557643. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1994d J. P. Moore, Y. Cao, D. D. Ho, and R. A. Koup. Development of the anti-gp120 antibody response during seroconversion to human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J. Virol., 68:5142-5155, 1994. Three seroconverting individuals were studied. The earliest detectable anti-gp120 antibodies were both conformational and anti-V3 loop, and could be detected only after the peak viremia has passed. No uniform pattern of autologous neutralizing anti-CD4BS or anti-V3 MAbs was observed. PubMed ID: 8035514. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1995b J. P. Moore, Y. Cao, L. Qing, Q. J. Sattentau, J. Pyati, R. Koduri, J. Robinson, C. F. Barbas III, D. R. Burton, and D. D. Ho. Primary Isolates of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type I Are Relatively Resistant to Neutralization by Monoclonal Antibodies to gp120, and Their Neutralization Is Not Predicted by Studies with Monomeric gp120. J. Virol., 69:101-109, 1995. A panel of anti-gp120 MAbs and sera from HIV-1 infected individuals was tested for its ability to neutralize primary isolates. Most MAbs bound with high affinity to gp120 monomers from the various isolates, but were not effective at neutralizing. The MAb IgG1b12, which binds to a discontinuous anti-CD4 binding site epitope, was able to neutralize most of the primary isolates. PubMed ID: 7527081. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1995c J. P. Moore and D. D. Ho. HIV-1 Neutralization: The Consequences of Adaptation to Growth on Transformed T-Cells. AIDS, 9(suppl A):S117-S136, 1995. This review considers the relative importance of a neutralizing antibody response for the development of a vaccine, and for disease progression during the chronic phase of HIV-1 infection. It suggests that T-cell immunity may be more important. The distinction between MAbs that can neutralize primary isolates, and those that are effective at neutralizing only laboratory adapted strains is discussed in detail. Alternative conformations of envelope and non-contiguous interacting domains in gp120 are discussed. The suggestion that soluble monomeric gp120 may serve as a viral decoy that diverts the humoral immune response it in vivo is put forth. PubMed ID: 8819579. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore2006 Penny L. Moore, Emma T. Crooks, Lauren Porter, Ping Zhu, Charmagne S. Cayanan, Henry Grise, Paul Corcoran, Michael B. Zwick, Michael Franti, Lynn Morris, Kenneth H. Roux, Dennis R. Burton, and James M. Binley. Nature of Nonfunctional Envelope Proteins on the Surface of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. J. Virol., 80(5):2515-2528, Mar 2006. PubMed ID: 16474158. Show all entries for this paper.

Mor2009 Amit Mor, Eugenia Segal, Brenda Mester, Boris Arshava, Osnat Rosen, Fa-Xiang Ding, Joseph Russo, Amnon Dafni, Fabian Schvartzman, Tali Scherf, Fred Naider, and Jacob Anglister. Mimicking the Structure of the V3 Epitope Bound to HIV-1 Neutralizing Antibodies. Biochemistry, 48(15):3288-3303, 21 Apr 2009. PubMed ID: 19281264. Show all entries for this paper.

Musich2011 Thomas Musich, Paul J. Peters, Maria José Duenas-Decamp, Maria Paz Gonzalez-Perez, James Robinson, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Jonathan K. Ball, Katherine Luzuriaga, and Paul R. Clapham. A Conserved Determinant in the V1 Loop of HIV-1 Modulates the V3 Loop to Prime Low CD4 Use and Macrophage Infection. J. Virol., 85(5):2397-2405, Mar 2011. PubMed ID: 21159865. Show all entries for this paper.

Nelson2007 Josh D. Nelson, Florence M. Brunel, Richard Jensen, Emma T. Crooks, Rosa M. F. Cardoso, Meng Wang, Ann Hessell, Ian A. Wilson, James M. Binley, Philip E. Dawson, Dennis R. Burton, and Michael B. Zwick. An Affinity-Enhanced Neutralizing Antibody against the Membrane-Proximal External Region of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp41 Recognizes an Epitope between Those of 2F5 and 4E10. J. Virol., 81(8):4033-4043, Apr 2007. PubMed ID: 17287272. Show all entries for this paper.

Nishiyama2009 Yasuhiro Nishiyama, Stephanie Planque, Yukie Mitsuda, Giovanni Nitti, Hiroaki Taguchi, Lei Jin, Jindrich Symersky, Stephane Boivin, Marcin Sienczyk, Maria Salas, Carl V. Hanson, and Sudhir Paul. Toward Effective HIV Vaccination: Induction of Binary Epitope Reactive Antibodies with Broad HIV Neutralizing Activity. J. Biol. Chem., 284(44):30627-30642, 30 Oct 2009. PubMed ID: 19726674. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi1998 P. N. Nyambi, M. K. Gorny, L. Bastiani, G. van der Groen, C. Williams, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Mapping of Epitopes Exposed on Intact Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Virions: A New Strategy for Studying the Immunologic Relatedness of HIV-1. J. Virol., 72:9384-9391, 1998. 18 human MAbs binding to gp120 and gp41 were tested using a novel assay to test binding to intact HIV-1 virions. The new method involves using MAbs to the host proteins incorporated into virions to bind them to ELIZA plates. Antigenic conservation in epitopes of HIV-1 in clades A, B, D, F, G, and H was studied. MAbs were selected that were directed against V2, V3, CD4bd, C5 or gp41 regions. Antibodies against V2, the CD4BS, and sp41 showed weak and sporadic reactivities, while binding strongly to gp120, suggesting these epitopes are hidden when gp120 is in its native, quaternary structure. PubMed ID: 9765494. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi2000 P. N. Nyambi, H. A. Mbah, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, A. Nadas, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Conserved and Exposed Epitopes on Intact, Native, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virions of Group M. J. Virol., 74:7096-7107, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888650. Show all entries for this paper.

ORourke2010 Sara M. O'Rourke, Becky Schweighardt, Pham Phung, Dora P. A. J. Fonseca, Karianne Terry, Terri Wrin, Faruk Sinangil, and Phillip W. Berman. Mutation at a Single Position in the V2 Domain of the HIV-1 Envelope Protein Confers Neutralization Sensitivity to a Highly Neutralization-Resistant Virus. J. Virol., 84(21):11200-11209, Nov 2010. PubMed ID: 20702624. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2003b Ralph Pantophlet, Ian A. Wilson, and Dennis R. Burton. Hyperglycosylated Mutants of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Type 1 Monomeric gp120 as Novel Antigens for HIV Vaccine Design. J. Virol., 77(10):5889-8901, May 2003. PubMed ID: 12719582. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2004 R. Pantophlet, I. A. Wilson, and D. R. Burton. Improved Design of an Antigen with Enhanced Specificity for the Broadly HIV-Neutralizing Antibody b12. Protein Eng. Des. Sel., 17(10):749-758, Oct 2004. PubMed ID: 15542540. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2006 Ralph Pantophlet and Dennis R. Burton. GP120: Target for Neutralizing HIV-1 Antibodies. Annu. Rev. Immunol., 24:739-769, 2006. PubMed ID: 16551265. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2007 Ralph Pantophlet, Rowena O. Aguilar-Sino, Terri Wrin, Lisa A. Cavacini, and Dennis R. Burton. Analysis of the Neutralization Breadth of the Anti-V3 Antibody F425-B4e8 and Re-assessment of its Epitope Fine Specificity by Scanning Mutagenesis. Virology, 364(2):441-453, 1 Aug 2007. PubMed ID: 17418361. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2008 Ralph Pantophlet, Terri Wrin, Lisa A. Cavacini, James E. Robinson, and Dennis R. Burton. Neutralizing Activity of Antibodies to the V3 Loop Region of HIV-1 gp120 Relative to Their Epitope Fine Specificity. Virology, 381(2):251-260, 25 Nov 2008. PubMed ID: 18822440. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2010 Ralph Pantophlet. Antibody Epitope Exposure and Neutralization of HIV-1. Curr. Pharm. Des., 16(33):3729-3743, 2010. PubMed ID: 21128886. Show all entries for this paper.

Park2000 E. J. Park, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and G. V. Quinnan. A global neutralization resistance phenotype of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is determined by distinct mechanisms mediating enhanced infectivity and conformational change of the envelope complex. J. Virol., 74:4183-91, 2000. PubMed ID: 10756031. Show all entries for this paper.

Parren1997 P. W. Parren, M. C. Gauduin, R. A. Koup, P. Poignard, Q. J. Sattentau, P. Fisicaro, and D. R. Burton. Erratum to Relevance of the Antibody Response against Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope to Vaccine Design. Immunol. Lett., 58:125-132, 1997. corrected and republished article originally printed in Immunol. Lett. 1997 Jun;57(1-3):105-112. PubMed ID: 9271324. Show all entries for this paper.

Parren1998 P. W. Parren, I. Mondor, D. Naniche, H. J. Ditzel, P. J. Klasse, D. R. Burton, and Q. J. Sattentau. Neutralization of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 by antibody to gp120 is determined primarily by occupancy of sites on the virion irrespective of epitope specificity. J. Virol., 72:3512-9, 1998. The authors propose that the occupancy of binding sites on HIV-1 virions is the major factor in determining neutralization, irrespective of epitope specificity. Neutralization was assayed T-cell-line-adapted HIV-1 isolates. Binding of Fabs to monomeric rgp120 was not correlated with binding to functional oligomeric gp120 or neutralization, while binding to functional oligomeric gp120 was highly correlated with neutralization. The ratios of oligomer binding/neutralization were similar for antibodies to different neutralization epitopes, with a few exceptions. PubMed ID: 9557629. Show all entries for this paper.

Patel2008 Milloni B Patel, Noah G. Hoffman, and Ronald Swanstrom. Subtype-Specific Conformational Differences within the V3 Region of Subtype B and Subtype C Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Env Proteins. J. Virol., 82(2):903-916, Jan 2008. PubMed ID: 18003735. Show all entries for this paper.

Peressin2011 M. Peressin, V. Holl, S. Schmidt, T. Decoville, D. Mirisky, A. Lederle, M. Delaporte, K. Xu, A. M. Aubertin, and C. Moog. HIV-1 Replication in Langerhans and Interstitial Dendritic Cells Is Inhibited by Neutralizing and Fc-Mediated Inhibitory Antibodies. J. Virol., 85(2):1077-1085, Jan 2011. PubMed ID: 21084491. Show all entries for this paper.

Phogat2007 S. Phogat, R. T. Wyatt, and G. B. Karlsson Hedestam. Inhibition of HIV-1 Entry by Antibodies: Potential Viral and Cellular Targets. J. Intern. Med., 262(1):26-43, Jul 2007. PubMed ID: 17598813. Show all entries for this paper.

Pinter2004 Abraham Pinter, William J. Honnen, Yuxian He, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Samuel C. Kayman. The V1/V2 Domain of gp120 Is a Global Regulator of the Sensitivity of Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolates to Neutralization by Antibodies Commonly Induced upon Infection. J. Virol., 78(10):5205-5215, May 2004. PubMed ID: 15113902. Show all entries for this paper.

Pinter2005 Abraham Pinter, William J. Honnen, Paul D'Agostino, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Samuel C. Kayman. The C108g Epitope in the V2 Domain of gp120 Functions as a Potent Neutralization Target When Introduced into Envelope Proteins Derived from Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolates. J. Virol., 79(11):6909-6917, Jun 2005. PubMed ID: 15890930. Show all entries for this paper.

Poignard2003 Pascal Poignard, Maxime Moulard, Edwin Golez, Veronique Vivona, Michael Franti, Sara Venturini, Meng Wang, Paul W. H. I. Parren, and Dennis R. Burton. Heterogeneity of Envelope Molecules Expressed on Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Particles as Probed by the Binding of Neutralizing and Nonneutralizing Antibodies. J. Virol., 77(1):353-365, Jan 2003. PubMed ID: 12477840. Show all entries for this paper.

Pugach2004 Pavel Pugach, Shawn E. Kuhmann, Joann Taylor, Andre J. Marozsan, Amy Snyder, Thomas Ketas, Steven M. Wolinsky, Bette T. Korber, and John P. Moore. The Prolonged Culture of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 in Primary Lymphocytes Increases its Sensitivity to Neutralization by Soluble CD4. Virology, 321(1):8-22, 30 Mar 2004. PubMed ID: 15033560. Show all entries for this paper.

Pugach2008 Pavel Pugach, Thomas J. Ketas, Elizabeth Michael, and John P. Moore. Neutralizing Antibody and Anti-Retroviral Drug Sensitivities of HIV-1 Isolates Resistant to Small Molecule CCR5 Inhibitors. Virology, 377(2):401-407, 1 Aug 2008. PubMed ID: 18519143. Show all entries for this paper.

Pugach2015 Pavel Pugach, Gabriel Ozorowski, Albert Cupo, Rajesh Ringe, Anila Yasmeen, Natalia de Val, Ronald Derking, Helen J. Kim, Jacob Korzun, Michael Golabek, Kevin de Los Reyes, Thomas J. Ketas, Jean-Philippe Julien, Dennis R. Burton, Ian A. Wilson, Rogier W. Sanders, P. J. Klasse, Andrew B. Ward, and John P. Moore. A Native-Like SOSIP.664 Trimer Based on an HIV-1 Subtype B env Gene. J. Virol., 89(6):3380-3395, Mar 2015. PubMed ID: 25589637. Show all entries for this paper.

Ringe2011 Rajesh Ringe, Deepak Sharma, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Sanjay Phogat, Arun Risbud, Madhuri Thakar, Ramesh Paranjape, and Jayanta Bhattacharya. A Single Amino Acid Substitution in the C4 Region in gp120 Confers Enhanced Neutralization of HIV-1 by Modulating CD4 Binding Sites and V3 Loop. Virology, 418(2):123-132, 30 Sep 2011. PubMed ID: 21851958. Show all entries for this paper.

Robinson2010 James E. Robinson, Kelly Franco, Debra Holton Elliott, Mary Jane Maher, Ashley Reyna, David C. Montefiori, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Zane Kraft, and Leonidas Stamatatos. Quaternary Epitope Specificities of Anti-HIV-1 Neutralizing Antibodies Generated in Rhesus Macaques Infected by the Simian/Human Immunodeficiency Virus SHIVSF162P4. J. Virol., 84(7):3443-3453, Apr 2010. PubMed ID: 20106929. Show all entries for this paper.

Rosen2005 Osnat Rosen, Jordan Chill, Michal Sharon, Naama Kessler, Brenda Mester, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Jacob Anglister. Induced Fit in HIV-Neutralizing Antibody Complexes: Evidence for Alternative Conformations of the gp120 V3 Loop and the Molecular Basis for Broad Neutralization. Biochemistry, 44(19):7250-7158, 17 May 2005. PubMed ID: 15882063. Show all entries for this paper.

Ruprecht2011 Claudia R. Ruprecht, Anders Krarup, Lucy Reynell, Axel M. Mann, Oliver F. Brandenberg, Livia Berlinger, Irene A. Abela, Roland R. Regoes, Huldrych F. Günthard, Peter Rusert, and Alexandra Trkola. MPER-Specific Antibodies Induce gp120 Shedding and Irreversibly Neutralize HIV-1. J. Exp. Med., 208(3):439-454, 14 Mar 2011. PubMed ID: 21357743. Show all entries for this paper.

Saarloos1995 M. N. Saarloos, T. F. Lint, and G. T. Spear. Efficacy of HIV-Specific and `Antibody-Independent' Mechanisms for Complement Activation by HIV-Infected Cells. Clin. Exp. Immunol., 99:189-195, 1995. PubMed ID: 7851010. Show all entries for this paper.

Sabin2010 Charles Sabin, Davide Corti, Victor Buzon, Mike S. Seaman, David Lutje Hulsik, Andreas Hinz, Fabrizia Vanzetta, Gloria Agatic, Chiara Silacci, Lara Mainetti, Gabriella Scarlatti, Federica Sallusto, Robin Weiss, Antonio Lanzavecchia, and Winfried Weissenhorn. Crystal Structure and Size-Dependent Neutralization Properties of HK20, a Human Monoclonal Antibody Binding to the Highly Conserved Heptad Repeat 1 of gp41. PLoS Pathog., 6(11):e1001195, 2010. PubMed ID: 21124990. Show all entries for this paper.

Sanders2013 Rogier W. Sanders, Ronald Derking, Albert Cupo, Jean-Philippe Julien, Anila Yasmeen, Natalia de Val, Helen J. Kim, Claudia Blattner, Alba Torrents de la Peña, Jacob Korzun, Michael Golabek, Kevin de los Reyes, Thomas J. Ketas, Marit J. van Gils, C. Richter King, Ian A. Wilson, Andrew B. Ward, P. J. Klasse, and John P. Moore. A Next-Generation Cleaved, Soluble HIV-1 Env Trimer, BG505 SOSIP.664 gp140, Expresses Multiple Epitopes for Broadly Neutralizing but not Non-Neutralizing Antibodies. PLoS Pathog., 9(9):e1003618, Sep 2013. PubMed ID: 24068931. Show all entries for this paper.

Sattentau1995 Q. J. Sattentau, S. Zolla-Pazner, and P. Poignard. Epitope Exposure on Functional, Oligomeric HIV-1 gp41 Molecules. Virology, 206:713-717, 1995. Most gp41 epitopes are masked when associated with gp120 on the cell surface. Weak binding of anti-gp41 MAbs can be enhanced by treatment with sCD4. MAb 2F5 binds to a membrane proximal epitope which binds in the presence of gp120 without sCD4. PubMed ID: 7530400. Show all entries for this paper.

Sattentau1995b Q. J. Sattentau. Conservation of HIV-1 gp120 Neutralizing Epitopes after Formalin Inactivation. AIDS, 9:1383-1385, 1995. PubMed ID: 8605064. Show all entries for this paper.

Sattentau1996 Q. J. Sattentau. Neutralization of HIV-1 by Antibody. Curr. Opin. Immunol., 8:540-545, 1996. Review. PubMed ID: 8794008. Show all entries for this paper.

Scheid2009 Johannes F. Scheid, Hugo Mouquet, Niklas Feldhahn, Michael S. Seaman, Klara Velinzon, John Pietzsch, Rene G. Ott, Robert M. Anthony, Henry Zebroski, Arlene Hurley, Adhuna Phogat, Bimal Chakrabarti, Yuxing Li, Mark Connors, Florencia Pereyra, Bruce D. Walker, Hedda Wardemann, David Ho, Richard T. Wyatt, John R. Mascola, Jeffrey V. Ravetch, and Michel C. Nussenzweig. Broad Diversity of Neutralizing Antibodies Isolated from Memory B Cells in HIV-Infected Individuals. Nature, 458(7238):636-640, 2 Apr 2009. PubMed ID: 19287373. Show all entries for this paper.

Seaman2010 Michael S. Seaman, Holly Janes, Natalie Hawkins, Lauren E. Grandpre, Colleen Devoy, Ayush Giri, Rory T. Coffey, Linda Harris, Blake Wood, Marcus G. Daniels, Tanmoy Bhattacharya, Alan Lapedes, Victoria R Polonis, Francine E. McCutchan, Peter B. Gilbert, Steve G. Self, Bette T. Korber, David C. Montefiori, and John R. Mascola. Tiered Categorization of a Diverse Panel of HIV-1 Env Pseudoviruses for Assessment of Neutralizing Antibodies. J Virol, 84(3):1439-1452, Feb 2010. PubMed ID: 19939925. Show all entries for this paper.

Selvarajah2005 Suganya Selvarajah, Bridget Puffer, Ralph Pantophlet, Mansun Law, Robert W. Doms, and Dennis R. Burton. Comparing Antigenicity and Immunogenicity of Engineered gp120. J. Virol., 79(19):12148-12163, Oct 2005. PubMed ID: 16160142. Show all entries for this paper.

Sharon2002 Michal Sharon, Matthias Görlach, Rina Levy, Yehezkiel Hayek, and Jacob Anglister. Expression, Purification, and Isotope Labeling of a gp120 V3 Peptide and Production of a Fab from a HIV-1 Neutralizing Antibody for NMR Studies. Protein Expr. Purif., 24(3):374-383, Apr 2002. PubMed ID: 11922753. Show all entries for this paper.

Sharpe2004 Simon Sharpe, Naama Kessler, Jacob A. Anglister, Wai-Ming Yau, and Robert Tycko. Solid-State NMR Yields Structural Constraints on the V3 Loop from HIV-1 Gp120 Bound to the 447-52D Antibody Fv Fragment. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 126(15):4979-4990, 21 Apr 2004. PubMed ID: 15080704. Show all entries for this paper.

Shen2010 Xiaoying Shen, S. Moses Dennison, Pinghuang Liu, Feng Gao, Frederick Jaeger, David C. Montefiori, Laurent Verkoczy, Barton F. Haynes, S. Munir Alam, and Georgia D. Tomaras. Prolonged Exposure of the HIV-1 gp41 Membrane Proximal Region with L669S Substitution. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 107(13):5972-5977, 30 Mar 2010. PubMed ID: 20231447. Show all entries for this paper.

Sheppard2007a Neil C. Sheppard, Sarah L. Davies, Simon A. Jeffs, Sueli M. Vieira, and Quentin J. Sattentau. Production and Characterization of High-Affinity Human Monoclonal Antibodies to Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Glycoproteins in a Mouse Model Expressing Human Immunoglobulins. Clin. Vaccine Immunol., 14(2):157-167, Feb 2007. PubMed ID: 17167037. Show all entries for this paper.

Shibata2007 Junji Shibata, Kazuhisa Yoshimura, Akiko Honda, Atsushi Koito, Toshio Murakami, and Shuzo Matsushita. Impact of V2 Mutations on Escape from a Potent Neutralizing Anti-V3 Monoclonal Antibody during In Vitro Selection of a Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate. J. Virol., 81(8):3757-3768, Apr 2007. PubMed ID: 17251298. Show all entries for this paper.

Shmelkov2011 Evgeny Shmelkov, Arthur Nadas, James Swetnam, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Timothy Cardozo. Indirect Detection of an Epitope-Specific Response to HIV-1 gp120 Immunization in Human Subjects. PLoS One, 6(11):e27279, 2011. PubMed ID: 22076145. Show all entries for this paper.

Shmelkov2014 Evgeny Shmelkov, Chavdar Krachmarov, Arsen V. Grigoryan, Abraham Pinter, Alexander Statnikov, and Timothy Cardozo. Computational Prediction of Neutralization Epitopes Targeted by Human Anti-V3 HIV Monoclonal Antibodies. PLoS One, 9(2):e89987, 2014. PubMed ID: 24587168. Show all entries for this paper.

Sirois2007 Suzanne Sirois, Mohamed Touaibia, Kuo-Chen Chou, and Rene Roy. Glycosylation of HIV-1 gp120 V3 Loop: Towards the Rational Design of a Synthetic Carbohydrate Vaccine. Curr. Med. Chem., 14(30):3232-3242, 2007. PubMed ID: 18220757. Show all entries for this paper.

Smalls-Mantey2012 Adjoa Smalls-Mantey, Nicole Doria-Rose, Rachel Klein, Andy Patamawenu, Stephen A. Migueles, Sung-Youl Ko, Claire W. Hallahan, Hing Wong, Bai Liu, Lijing You, Johannes Scheid, John C. Kappes, Christina Ochsenbauer, Gary J. Nabel, John R. Mascola, and Mark Connors. Antibody-Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity against Primary HIV-Infected CD4+ T Cells Is Directly Associated with the Magnitude of Surface IgG Binding. J. Virol., 86(16):8672-8680, Aug 2012. PubMed ID: 22674985. Show all entries for this paper.

Smith1998 A. D. Smith, S. C. Geisler, A. A. Chen, D. A. Resnick, B. M. Roy, P. J. Lewi, E. Arnold, and G. F. Arnold. Human Rhinovirus Type 14: Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) V3 Loop Chimeras from a Combinatorial Library Induce Potent Neutralizing Antibody Responses against HIV-1. J. Virol., 72:651-659, 1998. The tip of the MN V3 loop, IGPGRAFYTTKN, was inserted into cold-causing human rhinovirus 14 (HRV14) and chimeras were immunoselected using MAbs 447-52-D, 694/98-D, NM-01, and 59.1, for good presentation of the V3 antigenic region. The selected chimeric viruses were neutralized by anti-V3 loop MAbs. The chimeric viruses elicited potent NAbs against ALA-1 and MN in guinea pigs. PubMed ID: 9420270. Show all entries for this paper.

Spear1993 G. T. Spear, D. M. Takefman, B. L. Sullivan, A. L. Landay, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Complement activation by human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol., 67:53-59, 1993. This study looked at the ability of 16 human MAbs to activate complement. MAbs directed against the V3 region could induce C3 deposition on infected cells and virolysis of free virus, but antibodies to the CD4BS and C-terminal region and two regions in gp41 could induce no complement mediated effects. Pre-treatment with sCD4 could increase complement-mediated effects of anti-gp41 MAbs, but decreased the complement-mediated effects of V3 MAbs. Anti-gp41 MAbs were able to affect IIIB but not MN virolysis, suggesting spontaneous shedding of gp120 on IIIB virions exposes gp41 epitopes. IgG isotype did not appear to have an effect on virolysis or C3 deposition. PubMed ID: 7677959. Show all entries for this paper.

Sreepian2009 Apichai Sreepian, Jongruk Permmongkol, Wannee Kantakamalakul, Sontana Siritantikorn, Nattaya Tanlieng, and Ruengpung Sutthent. HIV-1 Neutralization by Monoclonal Antibody against Conserved Region 2 and Patterns of Epitope Exposure on the Surface of Native Viruses. J. Immune Based Ther. Vaccines, 7:5, 2009. PubMed ID: 19821992. Show all entries for this paper.

Srivastava2002 Indresh K. Srivastava, Leonidas Stamatatos, Harold Legg, Elaine Kan, Anne Fong, Stephen R. Coates, Louisa Leung, Mark Wininger, John J. Donnelly, Jeffrey B. Ulmer, and Susan W. Barnett. Purification and Characterization of Oligomeric Envelope Glycoprotein from a Primary R5 Subtype B Human Immunodeficiency Virus. J. Virol., 76(6):2835-2847, Mar 2002. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/76/6/2835. PubMed ID: 11861851. Show all entries for this paper.

Srivastava2005 Indresh K. Srivastava, Jeffrey B. Ulmer, and Susan W. Barnett. Role of Neutralizing Antibodies in Protective Immunity Against HIV. Hum. Vaccin., 1(2):45-60, Mar-Apr 2005. PubMed ID: 17038830. Show all entries for this paper.

Srivastava2008 Indresh K. Srivastava, Elaine Kan, Yide Sun, Victoria A. Sharma, Jimna Cisto, Brian Burke, Ying Lian, Susan Hilt, Zohar Biron, Karin Hartog, Leonidas Stamatatos, Ruben Diaz-Avalos, R Holland Cheng, Jeffrey B. Ulmer, and Susan W. Barnett. Comparative Evaluation of Trimeric Envelope Glycoproteins Derived from Subtype C and B HIV-1 R5 Isolates. Virology, 372(2):273-290, 15 Mar 2008. PubMed ID: 18061231. Show all entries for this paper.

Stanfield2005 Robyn L. Stanfield and Ian A. Wilson. Structural Studies of Human HIV-1 V3 Antibodies. Hum Antibodies, 14(3-4):73-80, 2005. PubMed ID: 16720977. Show all entries for this paper.

Stanfield2006 Robyn L. Stanfield, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Ian A. Wilson. Crystal Structures of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Neutralizing Antibody 2219 in Complex with Three Different V3 Peptides Reveal a New Binding Mode for HIV-1 Cross-Reactivity. J. Virol., 80(12):6093-6105, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16731948. Show all entries for this paper.

Swetnam2010 James Swetnam, Evgeny Shmelkov, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Timothy Cardozo. Comparative Magnitude of Cross-Strain Conservation of HIV Variable Loop Neutralization Epitopes. PLoS One, 5(12):e15994, 2010. PubMed ID: 21209919. Show all entries for this paper.

Tasca2008 Silvana Tasca, Siu-Hong Ho, and Cecilia Cheng-Mayer. R5X4 Viruses Are Evolutionary, Functional, and Antigenic Intermediates in the Pathway of a Simian-Human Immunodeficiency Virus Coreceptor Switch. J. Virol., 82(14):7089-7099, Jul 2008. PubMed ID: 18480460. Show all entries for this paper.

Teeraputon2005 Sirilak Teeraputon, Suda Louisirirojchanakul, and Prasert Auewarakul. N-Linked Glycosylation in C2 Region of HIV-1 Envelope Reduces Sensitivity to Neutralizing Antibodies. Viral Immunol., 18(2):343-353, Summer 2005. PubMed ID: 16035946. Show all entries for this paper.

Tomaras2011 Georgia D. Tomaras, James M. Binley, Elin S. Gray, Emma T. Crooks, Keiko Osawa, Penny L. Moore, Nancy Tumba, Tommy Tong, Xiaoying Shen, Nicole L. Yates, Julie Decker, Constantinos Kurt Wibmer, Feng Gao, S. Munir Alam, Philippa Easterbrook, Salim Abdool Karim, Gift Kamanga, John A. Crump, Myron Cohen, George M. Shaw, John R. Mascola, Barton F. Haynes, David C. Montefiori, and Lynn Morris. Polyclonal B Cell Responses to Conserved Neutralization Epitopes in a Subset of HIV-1-Infected Individuals. J. Virol., 85(21):11502-11519, Nov 2011. PubMed ID: 21849452. Show all entries for this paper.

Totrov2010 Maxim Totrov, Xunqing Jiang, Xiang-Peng Kong, Sandra Cohen, Chavdar Krachmarov, Aidy Salomon, Constance Williams, Michael S. Seaman, Ruben Abagyan, Timothy Cardozo, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Shixia Wang, Shan Lu, Abraham Pinter, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Structure-Guided Design and Immunological Characterization of Immunogens Presenting the HIV-1 gp120 V3 Loop on a CTB Scaffold. Virology, 405(2):513-523, 30 Sep 2010. PubMed ID: 20663531. Show all entries for this paper.

Trkola1996b A. Trkola, T. Dragic, J. Arthos, J. M. Binley, W. C. Olson, G. P. Allaway, C. Cheng-Mayer, J. Robinson, P. J. Maddon, and J. P. Moore. CD4-Dependent, Antibody-Sensitive Interactions between HIV-1 and Its Co-Receptor CCR-5. Nature, 384:184-187, 1996. CCR-5 is a co-factor for fusion of HIV-1 strains of the non-syncytium-inducing (NSI) phenotype with CD4+ T-cells. CD4 binding greatly increases the efficiency of gp120-CCR-5 interaction. Neutralizing MAbs against the V3 loop and CD4-induced epitopes on gp120 inhibited the interaction of gp120 with CCR-5, without affecting gp120-CD4 binding. PubMed ID: 8906796. Show all entries for this paper.

Ugolini1997 S. Ugolini, I. Mondor, P. W. H. I Parren, D. R. Burton, S. A. Tilley, P. J. Klasse, and Q. J. Sattentau. Inhibition of Virus Attachment to CD4+ Target Cells Is a Major Mechanism of T Cell Line-Adapted HIV-1 Neutralization. J. Exp. Med., 186:1287-1298, 1997. PubMed ID: 9334368. Show all entries for this paper.

Upadhyay2014 Chitra Upadhyay, Luzia M. Mayr, Jing Zhang, Rajnish Kumar, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Arthur Nádas, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Catarina E. Hioe. Distinct Mechanisms Regulate Exposure of Neutralizing Epitopes in the V2 and V3 Loops of HIV-1 Envelope. J. Virol., 88(21):12853-12865, Nov 2014. PubMed ID: 25165106. Show all entries for this paper.

Vaine2010 Michael Vaine, Shixia Wang, Qin Liu, James Arthos, David Montefiori, Paul Goepfert, M. Juliana McElrath, and Shan Lu. Profiles of Human Serum Antibody Responses Elicited by Three Leading HIV Vaccines Focusing on the Induction of Env-Specific Antibodies. PLoS One, 5(11):e13916, 2010. PubMed ID: 21085486. Show all entries for this paper.

VanCott1994 T. C. VanCott, F. R. Bethke, V. R. Polonis, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, R. R. Redfield, and D. L. Birx. Dissociation Rate of Antibody-gp120 Binding Interactions Is Predictive of V3-Mediated Neutralization of HIV-1. J. Immunol., 153:449-459, 1994. Using surface plasmon resonance it was found that the rate of the dissociation of the MAb-gp120 complex, but not the association rate, correlated with MAbs ability to neutralize homologous virus (measured by 50\% inhibition of p24 production). Association constants were similar for all MAbs tested, varying less than 4-fold. Dissociation rate constants were quite variable, with 100-fold differences observed. PubMed ID: 7515931. Show all entries for this paper.

vanGils2011 Marit J. van Gils, Evelien M. Bunnik, Brigitte D. Boeser-Nunnink, Judith A. Burger, Marijke Terlouw-Klein, Naomi Verwer, and Hanneke Schuitemaker. Longer V1V2 Region with Increased Number of Potential N-Linked Glycosylation Sites in the HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Protects against HIV-Specific Neutralizing Antibodies. J. Virol., 85(14):6986-6995, Jul 2011. PubMed ID: 21593147. Show all entries for this paper.

Varadarajan2005 Raghavan Varadarajan, Deepak Sharma, Kausik Chakraborty, Mayuri Patel, Michael Citron, Prem Sinha, Ramkishor Yadav, Umar Rashid, Sarah Kennedy, Debra Eckert, Romas Geleziunas, David Bramhill, William Schleif, Xiaoping Liang, and John Shiver. Characterization of gp120 and Its Single-Chain Derivatives, gp120-CD4D12 and gp120-M9: Implications for Targeting the CD4i Epitope in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Vaccine Design. J. Virol., 79(3):1713-1723, Feb 2005. PubMed ID: 15650196. Show all entries for this paper.

Vermeire2009 Kurt Vermeire, Kristel Van Laethem, Wouter Janssens, Thomas W. Bell, and Dominique Schols. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Escape from Cyclotriazadisulfonamide-Induced CD4-Targeted Entry Inhibition Is Associated with Increased Neutralizing Antibody Susceptibility. J. Virol., 83(18):9577-9583, Sep 2009. PubMed ID: 19570853. Show all entries for this paper.

Verrier2001 F. Verrier, A. Nadas, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Additive effects characterize the interaction of antibodies involved in neutralization of the primary dualtropic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolate 89.6. J. Virol., 75(19):9177--86, Oct 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/19/9177. PubMed ID: 11533181. Show all entries for this paper.

Visciano2008 Maria Luisa Visciano, Michael Tuen, Miroslaw K. Gorny, and Catarina E. Hioe. In Vivo Alteration of Humoral Responses to HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein gp120 by Antibodies to the CD4-Binding Site of gp120. Virology, 372(2):409-420, 15 Mar 2008. PubMed ID: 18054978. Show all entries for this paper.

Wang2007a Bao-Zhong Wang, Weimin Liu, Sang-Moo Kang, Munir Alam, Chunzi Huang, Ling Ye, Yuliang Sun, Yingying Li, Denise L. Kothe, Peter Pushko, Terje Dokland, Barton F. Haynes, Gale Smith, Beatrice H. Hahn, and Richard W. Compans. Incorporation of High Levels of Chimeric Human Immunodeficiency Virus Envelope Glycoproteins into Virus-Like Particles. J. Virol., 81(20):10869-10878, Oct 2007. PubMed ID: 17670815. Show all entries for this paper.

Wu2008 Xueling Wu, Anna Sambor, Martha C. Nason, Zhi-Yong Yang, Lan Wu, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Gary J. Nabel, and John R. Mascola. Soluble CD4 Broadens Neutralization of V3-Directed Monoclonal Antibodies and Guinea Pig Vaccine Sera against HIV-1 Subtype B and C Reference Viruses. Virology, 380(2):285-295, 25 Oct 2008. PubMed ID: 18804254. Show all entries for this paper.

Wu2010 Xueling Wu, Zhi-Yong Yang, Yuxing Li, Carl-Magnus Hogerkorp, William R. Schief, Michael S. Seaman, Tongqing Zhou, Stephen D. Schmidt, Lan Wu, Ling Xu, Nancy S. Longo, Krisha McKee, Sijy O'Dell, Mark K. Louder, Diane L. Wycuff, Yu Feng, Martha Nason, Nicole Doria-Rose, Mark Connors, Peter D. Kwong, Mario Roederer, Richard T. Wyatt, Gary J. Nabel, and John R. Mascola. Rational Design of Envelope Identifies Broadly Neutralizing Human Monoclonal Antibodies to HIV-1. Science, 329(5993):856-861, 13 Aug 2010. PubMed ID: 20616233. Show all entries for this paper.

Xu2010 Hengyu Xu, Likai Song, Mikyung Kim, Margaret A. Holmes, Zane Kraft, George Sellhorn, Ellis L. Reinherz, Leonidas Stamatatos, and Roland K. Strong. Interactions between Lipids and Human Anti-HIV Antibody 4E10 Can Be Reduced without Ablating Neutralizing Activity. J. Virol., 84(2):1076-1088, Jan 2010. PubMed ID: 19906921. Show all entries for this paper.

Yamamoto2008 Hiroyuki Yamamoto and Tetsuro Matano. Anti-HIV Adaptive Immunity: Determinants for Viral Persistence. Rev. Med. Virol., 18(5):293-303, Sep-Oct 2008. PubMed ID: 18416450. Show all entries for this paper.

Yang2010a Qiang Yang, Cishan Li, Yadong Wei, Wei Huang, and Lai-Xi Wang. Expression, Glycoform Characterization, and Antibody-Binding of HIV-1 V3 Glycopeptide Domain Fused with Human IgG1-Fc. Bioconjug. Chem., 21(5):875-883, 19 May 2010. PubMed ID: 20369886. Show all entries for this paper.

Yates2018 Nicole L. Yates, Allan C. deCamp, Bette T. Korber, Hua-Xin Liao, Carmela Irene, Abraham Pinter, James Peacock, Linda J. Harris, Sheetal Sawant, Peter Hraber, Xiaoying Shen, Supachai Rerks-Ngarm, Punnee Pitisuttithum, Sorachai Nitayapan, Phillip W. Berman, Merlin L. Robb, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Barton F. Haynes, S. Munir Alam, David C. Montefiori, and Georgia D. Tomaras. HIV-1 Envelope Glycoproteins from Diverse Clades Differentiate Antibody Responses and Durability among Vaccinees. J. Virol., 92(8), 15 Apr 2018. PubMed ID: 29386288. Show all entries for this paper.

York2001 J. York, K. E. Follis, M. Trahey, P. N. Nyambi, S. Zolla-Pazner, and J. H. Nunberg. Antibody binding and neutralization of primary and T-cell line-adapted isolates of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J. Virol., 75(6):2741--52, Mar 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/6/2741. PubMed ID: 11222697. Show all entries for this paper.

Yoshimura2006 Kazuhisa Yoshimura, Junji Shibata, Tetsuya Kimura, Akiko Honda, Yosuke Maeda, Atsushi Koito, Toshio Murakami, Hiroaki Mitsuya, and Shuzo Matsushita. Resistance Profile of a Neutralizing Anti-HIV Monoclonal Antibody, KD-247, that Shows Favourable Synergism with Anti-CCR5 Inhibitors. AIDS, 20(16):2065-2073, 24 Oct 2006. PubMed ID: 17053352. Show all entries for this paper.

Yu2010 Bin Yu, Dora P. A. J. Fonseca, Sara M. O'Rourke, and Phillip W. Berman. Protease Cleavage Sites in HIV-1 gp120 Recognized by Antigen Processing Enzymes Are Conserved and Located at Receptor Binding Sites. J. Virol., 84(3):1513-1526, Feb 2010. PubMed ID: 19939935. Show all entries for this paper.

Yu2018 Wen-Han Yu, Peng Zhao, Monia Draghi, Claudia Arevalo, Christina B. Karsten, Todd J. Suscovich, Bronwyn Gunn, Hendrik Streeck, Abraham L. Brass, Michael Tiemeyer, Michael Seaman, John R. Mascola, Lance Wells, Douglas A. Lauffenburger, and Galit Alter. Exploiting Glycan Topography for Computational Design of Env Glycoprotein Antigenicity. PLoS Comput. Biol., 14(4):e1006093, Apr 2018. PubMed ID: 29677181. Show all entries for this paper.

Yuste2006 Eloisa Yuste, Hannah B. Sanford, Jill Carmody, Jacqueline Bixby, Susan Little, Michael B. Zwick, Tom Greenough, Dennis R. Burton, Douglas D. Richman, Ronald C. Desrosiers, and Welkin E. Johnson. Simian Immunodeficiency Virus Engrafted with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1)-Specific Epitopes: Replication, Neutralization, and Survey of HIV-1-Positive Plasma. J. Virol., 80(6):3030-3041, Mar 2006. PubMed ID: 16501112. Show all entries for this paper.

Zhou2010 Tongqing Zhou, Ivelin Georgiev, Xueling Wu, Zhi-Yong Yang, Kaifan Dai, Andrés Finzi, Young Do Kwon, Johannes F. Scheid, Wei Shi, Ling Xu, Yongping Yang, Jiang Zhu, Michel C. Nussenzweig, Joseph Sodroski, Lawrence Shapiro, Gary J. Nabel, John R. Mascola, and Peter D. Kwong. Structural Basis for Broad and Potent Neutralization of HIV-1 by Antibody VRC01. Science, 329(5993):811-817, 13 Aug 2010. PubMed ID: 20616231. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1995 S. Zolla-Pazner, J. O'Leary, S. Burda, M. K. Gorny, M. Kim, J. Mascola, and F. McCutchan. Serotyping of primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolates from diverse geographic locations by flow cytometry. J. Virol., 69:3807-3815, 1995. A set of 13 human MAbs to a variety of epitopes were tested against a panel of primary isolates of HIV-1, representing different genetic clades. The V3 loop tended to be B clade restricted, and a single gp120 C-terminus binding antibody was clade specific. Two other gp120 C-terminus binding antibodies were group specific. PubMed ID: 7745728. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1995a S. Zolla-Pazner and S. Sharpe. A Resting Cell Assay for Improved Detection of Antibody-Mediated Neutralization of HIV Type 1 Primary Isolates. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 11:1449-1458, 1995. PubMed ID: 8679288. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999a S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, P. N. Nyambi, T. C. VanCott, and A. Nadas. Immunotyping of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV): An Approach to Immunologic Classification of HIV. J. Virol., 73:4042-4051, 1999. 21 human anti-V3 MAbs were studied with respect to cross-clade reactivity and immunological relationship to other human anti-V3 MAbs. Broad cross-reactivities were observed, and V3 peptides were grouped into immunotypes that contained peptides from several clades. PubMed ID: 10196300. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999b S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and P. N. Nyambi. The implications of antigenic diversity for vaccine development. Immunol. Lett., 66:159-64, 1999. PubMed ID: 10203049. Show all entries for this paper.

Zwick2003a Michael B. Zwick, Robert Kelleher, Richard Jensen, Aran F. Labrijn, Meng Wang, Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr., Paul W. H. I. Parren, and Dennis R. Burton. A Novel Human Antibody against Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Is V1, V2, and V3 Loop Dependent and Helps Delimit the Epitope of the Broadly Neutralizing Antibody Immunoglobulin G1 b12. J. Virol., 77(12):6965-6978, Jun 2003. PubMed ID: 12768015. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 506

Download this epitope record as JSON.

MAb ID 694/98-D (694/98, 694.8, 694/98D, 694-98D)
HXB2 Location gp160(314-317)
DNA(7164..7175)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp120( IIIB)
Research Contact Dr. Zolla-Pazner, Veterans Affairs Center, NY, NY. zollas01@endeavor.med.nyu.edu
Epitope GRAF Epitope Alignment
GRAF epitope logo
Subtype B
Ab Type gp120 V3 // V3 glycan (V3g)
Neutralizing L
Species (Isotype) human(IgG1λ)
Patient  
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords ADCC, antibody binding site, antibody interactions, antibody sequence, binding affinity, enhancing activity, neutralization, review, structure, vaccine antigen design, variant cross-reactivity

Notes

Showing 36 of 36 notes.

References

Showing 39 of 39 references.

Isolation Paper
Gorny1992 M. K. Gorny, A. J. Conley, S. Karwowska, A. Buchbinder, J.-Y. Xu, E. A. Emini, S. Koenig, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Neutralization of Diverse Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Variants by an Anti-V3 Human Monoclonal Antibody. J. Virol., 66:7538-7542, 1992. PubMed ID: 1433529. Show all entries for this paper.

Altmeyer1999 R. Altmeyer, E. Mordelet, M. Girard, and C. Vidal. Expression and detection of macrophage tropic HIV-1 gp120 in the brain using conformation-dependent antibodies. Virology, 259:314-21, 1999. PubMed ID: 10388656. Show all entries for this paper.

Andrus1998 L. Andrus, A. M. Prince, I. Bernal, P. McCormack, D. H. Lee, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Passive immunization with a human immunodeficiency virus type 1- neutralizing monoclonal antibody in Hu-PBL-SCID mice: isolation of a neutralization escape variant. J. Infect. Dis., 177:889-97, 1998. PubMed ID: 9534960. Show all entries for this paper.

Cavacini1993 L. A. Cavacini, C. L. Emes, J. Power, A. Buchbinder, S. Zolla-Pazner, and M. R. Posner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies to the V3 Loop of HIV-1 gp120 Mediate Variable and Distinct Effects on Binding and Viral Neutralization by a Human Monoclonal Antibody to the CD4 Binding Site. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr., 6:353-358, 1993. PubMed ID: 8455141. Show all entries for this paper.

Cook1994 D. G. Cook, J. Fantini, S. L. Spitalnik, and F. Gonzalez-Scarano. Binding of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 HIV-1 gp120 to Galactosylceramide (GalCer): Relationship to the V3 Loop. Virol., 201:206-214, 1994. Antibodies against GalCer can block infection of CD4-negative cells from the brain and colon that are susceptible to HIV infection. This paper explores the ability of a panel of MAbs to inhibit binding of gp120 to GalCer, and also of the binding of GalCer to inhibit MAb-gp120 interaction. MAbs to the V3 loop and GalCer showed mutual inhibition of binding to gp120, and anti-CD4 binding site MAbs showed reduced inhibition. N- and C-terminal MAbs didn't influence GalCer binding. PubMed ID: 8184533. Show all entries for this paper.

EdwardsBH2002 Bradley H. Edwards, Anju Bansal, Steffanie Sabbaj, Janna Bakari, Mark J. Mulligan, and Paul A. Goepfert. Magnitude of Functional CD8+ T-Cell Responses to the Gag Protein of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Correlates Inversely with Viral Load in Plasma. J. Virol., 76(5):2298-2305, Mar 2002. PubMed ID: 11836408. Show all entries for this paper.

Forthal1995 D. N. Forthal, G. Landucci, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and W. E. Robinson, Jr. Functional Activities of 20 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1)-Specific Human Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 11:1095-1099, 1995. A series of tests were performed on 20 human monoclonal antibodies to assess their potential therapeutic utility. Antibodies were tested for potentially harmful complement-mediated antibody enhancing activity (C-ADE), and for potentially beneficial neutralizing activity and antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity ADCC. PubMed ID: 8554906. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1993 M. K. Gorny, J.-Y. Xu, S. Karwowska, A. Buchbinder, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Repertoire of Neutralizing Human Monoclonal Antibodies Specific for The V3 Domain of HIV-1 gp120. J. Immunol., 150:635-643, 1993. Characterizaton of 12 human MAbs that bind and neutralize the MN isolate with 50\% neutralization. Two of these antibodies also bound and neutralized IIIB: 447-52-D and 694/98-D; all others could not bind HXB2 peptides. All but two, 418-D and 412-D could bind to SF2 peptides. PubMed ID: 7678279. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1994 M. K. Gorny, J. P. Moore, A. J. Conley, S. Karwowska, J. Sodroski, C. Williams, S. Burda, L. J. Boots, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Human Anti-V2 Monoclonal Antibody That Neutralizes Primary but Not Laboratory Isolates of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. J. Virol., 68:8312-8320, 1994. Detailed characterization of the MAb 697-D. PubMed ID: 7525987. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2004 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Kathy Revesz, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Mark K. Louder, Christopher A. Anyangwe, Chavdar Krachmarov, Samuel C. Kayman, Abraham Pinter, Arthur Nadas, Phillipe N. Nyambi, John R. Mascola, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. The V3 Loop is Accessible on the Surface of Most Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Primary Isolates and Serves as a Neutralization Epitope. J. Virol., 78(5):2394-2404, Mar 2004. PubMed ID: 14963135. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2009 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Bradley Witover, Sherri Burda, Mateusz Urbanski, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Arthur Nadas. Preferential Use of the VH5-51 Gene Segment by the Human Immune Response to Code for Antibodies against the V3 Domain of HIV-1. Mol. Immunol., 46(5):917-926, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 18952295. Show all entries for this paper.

Haldar2011 Bijayesh Haldar, Sherri Burda, Constance Williams, Leo Heyndrickx, Guido Vanham, Miroslaw K. Gorny, and Phillipe Nyambi. Longitudinal Study of Primary HIV-1 Isolates in Drug-Naïve Individuals Reveals the Emergence of Variants Sensitive to Anti-HIV-1 Monoclonal Antibodies. PLoS One, 6(2):e17253, 2011. PubMed ID: 21383841. Show all entries for this paper.

Harada2008 Shinji Harada, Kazuaki Monde, Yuetsu Tanaka, Tetsuya Kimura, Yosuke Maeda, and Keisuke Yusa. Neutralizing Antibodies Decrease the Envelope Fluidity of HIV-1. Virology, 370(1):142-150, 5 Jan 2008. PubMed ID: 17900650. Show all entries for this paper.

He2002 Yuxian He, William J. Honnen, Chavdar P. Krachmarov, Michael Burkhart, Samuel C. Kayman, Jose Corvalan, and Abraham Pinter. Efficient Isolation of Novel Human Monoclonal Antibodies with Neutralizing Activity Against HIV-1 from Transgenic Mice Expressing Human Ig Loci. J. Immunol., 169(1):595-605, 1 Jul 2002. PubMed ID: 12077293. Show all entries for this paper.

Hioe2009 Catarina E. Hioe, Maria Luisa Visciano, Rajnish Kumar, Jianping Liu, Ethan A. Mack, Rachel E. Simon, David N. Levy, and Michael Tuen. The Use of Immune Complex Vaccines to Enhance Antibody Responses against Neutralizing Epitopes on HIV-1 Envelope gp120. Vaccine, 28(2):352-360, 11 Dec 2009. PubMed ID: 19879224. Show all entries for this paper.

Laal1994 Suman Laal, Sherri Burda, Miroslav K. Gorny, Sylwia Karwowska, Aby Buchbinder, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Synergistic Neutralization of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 by Combinations of Human Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 68(6):4001-4008, Jun 1994. PubMed ID: 7514683. Show all entries for this paper.

Li1997 A. Li, T. W. Baba, J. Sodroski, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, J. Robinson, M. R. Posner, H. Katinger, C. F. Barbas III, D. R. Burton, T.-C. Chou, and R. M Ruprecht. Synergistic Neutralization of a Chimeric SIV/HIV Type 1 Virus with Combinations of Human Anti-HIV Type 1 Envelope Monoclonal Antibodies or Hyperimmune Globulins. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 13:647-656, 1997. Multiple combinations of MAbs were tested for their ability to synergize neutralization of a SHIV construct containing HIV IIIB env. All of the MAb combinations tried were synergistic, suggesting such combinations may be useful for passive immunotherapy or immunoprophylaxis. Because SHIV can replicate in rhesus macaques, such approaches can potentially be studied in an it in vivo monkey model. PubMed ID: 9168233. Show all entries for this paper.

Li1998 A. Li, H. Katinger, M. R. Posner, L. Cavacini, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, J. Sodroski, T. C. Chou, T. W. Baba, and R. M. Ruprecht. Synergistic Neutralization of Simian-Human Immunodeficiency Virus SHIV-vpu+ by Triple and Quadruple Combinations of Human Monoclonal Antibodies and High-Titer Anti-Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Immunoglobulins. J. Virol., 72:3235-3240, 1998. PubMed ID: 9525650. Show all entries for this paper.

Ling2004 Hong Ling, Peng Xiao, Osamu Usami, and Toshio Hattori. Thrombin Activates Envelope Glycoproteins of HIV Type 1 and Enhances Fusion. Microbes Infect., 6(5):414-420, Apr 2004. PubMed ID: 15109955. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi1998 P. N. Nyambi, M. K. Gorny, L. Bastiani, G. van der Groen, C. Williams, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Mapping of Epitopes Exposed on Intact Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Virions: A New Strategy for Studying the Immunologic Relatedness of HIV-1. J. Virol., 72:9384-9391, 1998. 18 human MAbs binding to gp120 and gp41 were tested using a novel assay to test binding to intact HIV-1 virions. The new method involves using MAbs to the host proteins incorporated into virions to bind them to ELIZA plates. Antigenic conservation in epitopes of HIV-1 in clades A, B, D, F, G, and H was studied. MAbs were selected that were directed against V2, V3, CD4bd, C5 or gp41 regions. Antibodies against V2, the CD4BS, and sp41 showed weak and sporadic reactivities, while binding strongly to gp120, suggesting these epitopes are hidden when gp120 is in its native, quaternary structure. PubMed ID: 9765494. Show all entries for this paper.

Nyambi2000 P. N. Nyambi, H. A. Mbah, S. Burda, C. Williams, M. K. Gorny, A. Nadas, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Conserved and Exposed Epitopes on Intact, Native, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virions of Group M. J. Virol., 74:7096-7107, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888650. Show all entries for this paper.

Park2000 E. J. Park, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and G. V. Quinnan. A global neutralization resistance phenotype of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is determined by distinct mechanisms mediating enhanced infectivity and conformational change of the envelope complex. J. Virol., 74:4183-91, 2000. PubMed ID: 10756031. Show all entries for this paper.

Pollara2013 Justin Pollara, Mattia Bonsignori, M. Anthony Moody, Marzena Pazgier, Barton F. Haynes, and Guido Ferrari. Epitope Specificity of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Antibody Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity (ADCC) Responses. Curr. HIV Res., 11(5):378-387, Jul 2013. PubMed ID: 24191939. Show all entries for this paper.

Schonning1998 K. Schonning, A. Bolmstedt, J. Novotny, O. S. Lund, S. Olofsson, and J. E. Hansen. Induction of Antibodies against Epitopes Inaccessible on the HIV Type 1 Envelope Oligomer by Immunization with Recombinant Monomeric Glycoprotein 120. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 14:1451-1456, 1998. PubMed ID: 9824323. Show all entries for this paper.

Skinner1988 M. A. Skinner, R. Ting, A. J. Langlois, K. J. Weinhold, H. K. Lyerly, K. Javaherian, and T. J. Matthews. Characteristics of a Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibody to the HIV Envelope Glycoprotein. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 4:187-197, 1988. PubMed ID: 2456088. Show all entries for this paper.

Smith1998 A. D. Smith, S. C. Geisler, A. A. Chen, D. A. Resnick, B. M. Roy, P. J. Lewi, E. Arnold, and G. F. Arnold. Human Rhinovirus Type 14: Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) V3 Loop Chimeras from a Combinatorial Library Induce Potent Neutralizing Antibody Responses against HIV-1. J. Virol., 72:651-659, 1998. The tip of the MN V3 loop, IGPGRAFYTTKN, was inserted into cold-causing human rhinovirus 14 (HRV14) and chimeras were immunoselected using MAbs 447-52-D, 694/98-D, NM-01, and 59.1, for good presentation of the V3 antigenic region. The selected chimeric viruses were neutralized by anti-V3 loop MAbs. The chimeric viruses elicited potent NAbs against ALA-1 and MN in guinea pigs. PubMed ID: 9420270. Show all entries for this paper.

Spear1993 G. T. Spear, D. M. Takefman, B. L. Sullivan, A. L. Landay, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Complement activation by human monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus. J. Virol., 67:53-59, 1993. This study looked at the ability of 16 human MAbs to activate complement. MAbs directed against the V3 region could induce C3 deposition on infected cells and virolysis of free virus, but antibodies to the CD4BS and C-terminal region and two regions in gp41 could induce no complement mediated effects. Pre-treatment with sCD4 could increase complement-mediated effects of anti-gp41 MAbs, but decreased the complement-mediated effects of V3 MAbs. Anti-gp41 MAbs were able to affect IIIB but not MN virolysis, suggesting spontaneous shedding of gp120 on IIIB virions exposes gp41 epitopes. IgG isotype did not appear to have an effect on virolysis or C3 deposition. PubMed ID: 7677959. Show all entries for this paper.

Totrov2010 Maxim Totrov, Xunqing Jiang, Xiang-Peng Kong, Sandra Cohen, Chavdar Krachmarov, Aidy Salomon, Constance Williams, Michael S. Seaman, Ruben Abagyan, Timothy Cardozo, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Shixia Wang, Shan Lu, Abraham Pinter, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Structure-Guided Design and Immunological Characterization of Immunogens Presenting the HIV-1 gp120 V3 Loop on a CTB Scaffold. Virology, 405(2):513-523, 30 Sep 2010. PubMed ID: 20663531. Show all entries for this paper.

Tuen2005 Michael Tuen, Maria Luisa Visciano, Peter C. Chien, Jr., Sandra Cohen, Pei-de Chen, James Robinson, Yuxian He, Abraham Pinter, Miroslaw K Gorny, and Catarina E Hioe. Characterization of Antibodies that Inhibit HIV gp120 Antigen Processing and Presentation. Eur. J. Immunol., 35(9):2541-2551, Sep 2005. PubMed ID: 16106369. Show all entries for this paper.

VanCott1994 T. C. VanCott, F. R. Bethke, V. R. Polonis, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, R. R. Redfield, and D. L. Birx. Dissociation Rate of Antibody-gp120 Binding Interactions Is Predictive of V3-Mediated Neutralization of HIV-1. J. Immunol., 153:449-459, 1994. Using surface plasmon resonance it was found that the rate of the dissociation of the MAb-gp120 complex, but not the association rate, correlated with MAbs ability to neutralize homologous virus (measured by 50\% inhibition of p24 production). Association constants were similar for all MAbs tested, varying less than 4-fold. Dissociation rate constants were quite variable, with 100-fold differences observed. PubMed ID: 7515931. Show all entries for this paper.

VanCott1995 T. C. VanCott, F. R. Bethke, D. S. Burke, R. R. Redfield, and D. L. Birx. Lack of Induction of Antibodies Specific for Conserved, Discontinuous Epitopes of HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein by Candidate AIDS Vaccines. J. Immunol., 155:4100-4110, 1995. The Ab response in both HIV-1 infected and uninfected volunteers immunized with HIV-1 rec envelope subunit vaccines (Genentech gp120IIIB, MicroGeneSys gp160IIIB, or ImmunoAG gp160IIIB) preferentially induced Abs reactive only to the denatured form of gp120. This may explain the inability of the vaccinee sera to neutralize primary HIV-1 isolates. PubMed ID: 7561123. Show all entries for this paper.

Visciano2008 Maria Luisa Visciano, Michael Tuen, Miroslaw K. Gorny, and Catarina E. Hioe. In Vivo Alteration of Humoral Responses to HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein gp120 by Antibodies to the CD4-Binding Site of gp120. Virology, 372(2):409-420, 15 Mar 2008. PubMed ID: 18054978. Show all entries for this paper.

Zhang2002 Peng Fei Zhang, Peter Bouma, Eun Ju Park, Joseph B. Margolick, James E. Robinson, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Michael N. Flora, and Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr. A Variable Region 3 (V3) Mutation Determines a Global Neutralization Phenotype and CD4-Independent Infectivity of a Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Associated with a Broadly Cross-Reactive, Primary Virus-Neutralizing Antibody Response. J. Virol., 76(2):644-655, Jan 2002. PubMed ID: 11752155. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1995 S. Zolla-Pazner, J. O'Leary, S. Burda, M. K. Gorny, M. Kim, J. Mascola, and F. McCutchan. Serotyping of primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolates from diverse geographic locations by flow cytometry. J. Virol., 69:3807-3815, 1995. A set of 13 human MAbs to a variety of epitopes were tested against a panel of primary isolates of HIV-1, representing different genetic clades. The V3 loop tended to be B clade restricted, and a single gp120 C-terminus binding antibody was clade specific. Two other gp120 C-terminus binding antibodies were group specific. PubMed ID: 7745728. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1997 S. Zolla-Pazner, C. Alving, R. Belshe, P. Berman, S. Burda, P. Chigurupati, M. L. Clements ML, A. M. Duliege, J. L. Excler, C. Hioe, J. Kahn, M. J. McElrath, S. Sharpe, F. Sinangil, K. Steimer, M. C. Walker, N. Wassef, and S. Xu. Neutralization of a clade B primary isolate by sera from human immunodeficiency virus-uninfected recipients of candidate AIDS vaccines. J. Infect. Dis., 175:764-774, 1997. Comment in J Infect Dis 1997 Nov;176(5):1410-2. Clade B primary isolate BZ167 was neutralized, using a new assay, by sera from HIV-uninfected volunteers in vaccine trials. PubMed ID: 9086128. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999a S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, P. N. Nyambi, T. C. VanCott, and A. Nadas. Immunotyping of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV): An Approach to Immunologic Classification of HIV. J. Virol., 73:4042-4051, 1999. 21 human anti-V3 MAbs were studied with respect to cross-clade reactivity and immunological relationship to other human anti-V3 MAbs. Broad cross-reactivities were observed, and V3 peptides were grouped into immunotypes that contained peptides from several clades. PubMed ID: 10196300. Show all entries for this paper.

Zolla-Pazner1999b S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, and P. N. Nyambi. The implications of antigenic diversity for vaccine development. Immunol. Lett., 66:159-64, 1999. PubMed ID: 10203049. Show all entries for this paper.

Zwick2003a Michael B. Zwick, Robert Kelleher, Richard Jensen, Aran F. Labrijn, Meng Wang, Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr., Paul W. H. I. Parren, and Dennis R. Burton. A Novel Human Antibody against Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Is V1, V2, and V3 Loop Dependent and Helps Delimit the Epitope of the Broadly Neutralizing Antibody Immunoglobulin G1 b12. J. Virol., 77(12):6965-6978, Jun 2003. PubMed ID: 12768015. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 815

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MAb ID 2F5 (IAM 2F5, IAM-41-2F5, IAM2F5, c2F5)
HXB2 Location gp160(662-667)
DNA(8208..8225)
gp160 Epitope Map
Author Location gp41(662-667)
Research Contact Hermann Katinger, Institute of Applied Microbiology, Vienna, or Polymun Scientific Inc., Vienna, Austria
Epitope ELDKWA Epitope Alignment
ELDKWA epitope logo
Subtype B
Ab Type gp41 MPER (membrane proximal external region)
Neutralizing L P (tier 2)  View neutralization details
Contacts and Features View contacts and features
Species (Isotype) human(IgG3κ)
Patient  
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords acute/early infection, ADCC, adjuvant comparison, anti-idiotype, antibody binding site, antibody gene transfer, antibody generation, antibody interactions, antibody lineage, antibody polyreactivity, antibody sequence, assay or method development, autoantibody or autoimmunity, autologous responses, binding affinity, brain/CSF, broad neutralizer, co-receptor, complement, computational epitope prediction, dendritic cells, drug resistance, dynamics, elite controllers, enhancing activity, escape, genital and mucosal immunity, glycosylation, HAART, ART, HIV exposed persistently seronegative (HEPS), immunoprophylaxis, immunotherapy, immunotoxin, isotype switch, kinetics, memory cells, mimics, mimotopes, mother-to-infant transmission, neutralization, polyclonal antibodies, rate of progression, responses in children, review, SIV, structure, subtype comparisons, supervised treatment interruptions (STI), therapeutic vaccine, vaccine antigen design, vaccine-induced immune responses, variant cross-reactivity, viral fitness and reversion

Notes

Showing 566 of 566 notes.

References

Showing 578 of 578 references.

Isolation Paper
Buchacher1994 A. Buchacher, R. Predl, K. Strutzenberger, W. Steinfellner, A. Trkola, M. Purtscher, G. Gruber, C. Tauer, F. Steindl, A. Jungbauer, and H. Katinger. Generation of Human Monoclonal Antibodies against HIV-1 Proteins; Electrofusion and Epstein-Barr Virus Transformation for Peripheral Blood Lymphocyte Immortalization. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 10:359-369, 1994. A panel of 33 human monoclonal antibodies were produced. Linear epitopes for some of this set of MAbs were mapped using peptide ELISA. Linear epitopes were mapped in gp41, and a single epitope was mapped in p24. While multiple gp120 specific MAbs were generated, all seemed to be conformational or carbohydrate dependent, or both. PubMed ID: 7520721. Show all entries for this paper.

Alam2007 S. Munir Alam, Mildred McAdams, David Boren, Michael Rak, Richard M. Scearce, Feng Gao, Zenaido T. Camacho, Daniel Gewirth, Garnett Kelsoe, Pojen Chen, and Barton F. Haynes. The Role of Antibody Polyspecificity and Lipid Reactivity in Binding of Broadly Neutralizing Anti-HIV-1 Envelope Human Monoclonal Antibodies 2F5 and 4E10 to Glycoprotein 41 Membrane Proximal Envelope Epitopes. J. Immunol., 178(7):4424-4435, 1 Apr 2007. PubMed ID: 17372000. Show all entries for this paper.

Alam2008 S. Munir Alam, Richard M. Scearce, Robert J. Parks, Kelly Plonk, Steven G. Plonk, Laura L. Sutherland, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Stacie VanLeeuwen, M. Anthony Moody, Shi-Mao Xia, David C. Montefiori, Georgia D. Tomaras, Kent J. Weinhold, Salim Abdool Karim, Charles B. Hicks, Hua-Xin Liao, James Robinson, George M. Shaw, and Barton F. Haynes. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp41 Antibodies That Mask Membrane Proximal Region Epitopes: Antibody Binding Kinetics, Induction, and Potential for Regulation in Acute Infection. J. Virol., 82(1):115-125, Jan 2008. PubMed ID: 17942537. Show all entries for this paper.

Alam2009 S. Munir Alam, Marco Morelli, S. Moses Dennison, Hua-Xin Liao, Ruijun Zhang, Shi-Mao Xia, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Li Sun, Stephen C. Harrison, Barton F. Haynes, and Bing Chen. Role of HIV Membrane in Neutralization by Two Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 106(48):20234-20239, 1 Dec 2009. PubMed ID: 19906992. Show all entries for this paper.

Alam2011 S. Munir Alam, Hua-Xin Liao, S. Moses Dennison, Frederick Jaeger, Robert Parks, Kara Anasti, Andrew Foulger, Michele Donathan, Judith Lucas, Laurent Verkoczy, Nathan Nicely, Georgia D. Tomaras, Garnett Kelsoe, Bing Chen, Thomas B. Kepler, and Barton F. Haynes. Differential Reactivity of Germ Line Allelic Variants of a Broadly Neutralizing HIV-1 Antibody to a gp41 Fusion Intermediate Conformation. J Virol, 85(22):11725-11731, Nov 2011. PubMed ID: 21917975. Show all entries for this paper.

Allaway1993 G. P. Allaway, A. M. Ryder, G. A. Beaudry, and P. J. Madden. Synergistic inhibition of HIV-1 envelope-mediated cell fusion by CD4-based molecules in combination with antibodies to gp120 or gp41. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 9:581-587, 1993. PubMed ID: 8369162. Show all entries for this paper.

Alving2006 Carl R. Alving, Zoltan Beck, Nicos Karasavva, Gary R. Matyas, and Mangala Rao. HIV-1, Lipid Rafts, and Antibodies to Liposomes: Implications for Anti-Viral-Neutralizing Antibodies. Mol. Membr. Biol., 23(6):453-465, Nov-Dec 2006. PubMed ID: 17127618. Show all entries for this paper.

Alving2008 Carl R. Alving and Mangala Rao. Lipid A and Liposomes Containing Lipid A as Antigens and Adjuvants. Vaccine, 26(24):3036-3045, 6 Jun 2008. PubMed ID: 18226433. Show all entries for this paper.

Andrus1998 L. Andrus, A. M. Prince, I. Bernal, P. McCormack, D. H. Lee, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Passive immunization with a human immunodeficiency virus type 1- neutralizing monoclonal antibody in Hu-PBL-SCID mice: isolation of a neutralization escape variant. J. Infect. Dis., 177:889-97, 1998. PubMed ID: 9534960. Show all entries for this paper.

Apellaniz2010 Beatriz Apellaniz, Ana J. García-Sáez, Nerea Huarte, Renate Kunert, Karola Vorauer-Uhl, Hermann Katinger, Petra Schwille, and José L. Nieva. Confocal Microscopy of Giant Vesicles Supports the Absence of HIV-1 Neutralizing 2F5 Antibody Reactivity to Plasma Membrane Phospholipids. FEBS Lett., 584(8):1591-1596, 16 Apr 2010. PubMed ID: 20302863. Show all entries for this paper.

Armbruster2002 Christine Armbruster, Gabriela M. Stiegler, Brigitta A. Vcelar, Walter Jager, Nelson L. Michael, Norbert Vetter, and Hermann W. D. Katinger. A phase I trial with two human monoclonal antibodies (hMAb 2F5, 2G12) against HIV-1. AIDS, 16(2):227-233, 25 Jan 2002. PubMed ID: 11807307. Show all entries for this paper.

Arnold2009 Gail Ferstandig Arnold, Paola K. Velasco, Andrew K. Holmes, Terri Wrin, Sheila C. Geisler, Pham Phung, Yu Tian, Dawn A. Resnick, Xuejun Ma, Thomas M. Mariano, Christos J. Petropoulos, John W. Taylor, Hermann Katinger, and Eddy Arnold. Broad Neutralization of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Elicited from Human Rhinoviruses That Display the HIV-1 gp41 ELDKWA Epitope. J. Virol., 83(10):5087-5100, May 2009. PubMed ID: 19279101. Show all entries for this paper.

Azoitei2014 M. L. Azoitei, Y. A. Ban, O. Kalyuzhny, J. Guenaga, A. Schroeter, J. Porter, R. Wyatt, and William R. Schief. Computational Design of Protein Antigens That Interact with the CDR H3 Loop of HIV Broadly Neutralizing Antibody 2F5. Proteins, 82(10):2770-2782, Oct 2014. PubMed ID: 25043744. Show all entries for this paper.

Baan2013 Elly Baan, Anthony de Ronde, Martijn Stax, Rogier W. Sanders, Stanley Luchters, Joseph Vyankandondera, Joep M. Lange, Georgios Pollakis, and William A. Paxton. HIV-1 Autologous Antibody Neutralization Associates with Mother to Child Transmission. PLoS One, 8(7):e69274, 2013. PubMed ID: 23874931. Show all entries for this paper.

Baba2000 T. W. Baba, V. Liska, R. Hofmann-Lehmann, J. Vlasak, W. Xu, S. Ayehunie, L. A. Cavacini, M. R. Posner, H. Katinger, G. Stiegler, B. J. Bernacky, T. A. Rizvi, R. Schmidt, L. R. Hill, M. E. Keeling, Y. Lu, J. E. Wright, T. C. Chou, and R. M. Ruprecht. Human neutralizing monoclonal antibodies of the IgG1 subtype protect. Nat. Med., 6:200-6, 2000. PubMed ID: 10655110. Show all entries for this paper.

Barnett2001a S. W. Barnett, S. Lu, I. Srivastava, S. Cherpelis, A. Gettie, J. Blanchard, S. Wang, I. Mboudjeka, L. Leung, Y. Lian, A. Fong, C. Buckner, A. Ly, S. Hilt, J. Ulmer, C. T. Wild, J. R. Mascola, and L. Stamatatos. The ability of an oligomeric human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) envelope antigen to elicit neutralizing antibodies against primary HIV-1 isolates is improved following partial deletion of the second hypervariable region. J. Virol., 75(12):5526--40, Jun 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/12/5526. PubMed ID: 11356960. Show all entries for this paper.

Baum2010 Linda L. Baum. Role of Humoral Immunity in Host Defense Against HIV. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep, 7(1):11-18, Feb 2010. PubMed ID: 20425053. Show all entries for this paper.

Beauparlant2017 David Beauparlant, Peter Rusert, Carsten Magnus, Claus Kadelka, Jacqueline Weber, Therese Uhr, Osvaldo Zagordi, Corinna Oberle, Maria J. Duenas-Decamp, Paul R. Clapham, Karin J. Metzner, Huldrych F. Gunthard, and Alexandra Trkola. Delineating CD4 dependency of HIV-1: Adaptation to infect low level CD4 expressing target cells widens cellular tropism but severely impacts on envelope functionality. PLoS Pathog, 13(3):e1006255 doi, Mar 2017. PubMed ID: 28264054 Show all entries for this paper.

Beddows1999 S. Beddows, S. Lister, R. Cheingsong, C. Bruck, and J. Weber. Comparison of the Antibody Repertoire Generated in Healthy Volunteers following Immunization with a Monomeric Recombinant gp120 Construct Derived from a CCR5/CXCR4-Using Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate with Sera from Naturally Infected Individuals. J. Virol., 73:1740-1745, 1999. PubMed ID: 9882391. Show all entries for this paper.

Beddows2005a Simon Beddows, Natalie N. Zheng, Carolina Herrera, Elizabeth Michael, Kelly Barnes, John P. Moore, Rod S. Daniels, and Jonathan N. Weber. Neutralization Sensitivity of HIV-1 Env-Pseudotyped Virus Clones is Determined by Co-Operativity between Mutations Which Modulate the CD4-Binding Site and Those That Affect gp120-gp41 Stability. Virology, 337(1):136-148, 20 Jun 2005. PubMed ID: 15914227. Show all entries for this paper.

Beddows2007 Simon Beddows, Michael Franti, Antu K. Dey, Marc Kirschner, Sai Prasad N. Iyer, Danielle C. Fisch, Thomas Ketas, Eloisa Yuste, Ronald C. Desrosiers, Per Johan Klasse, Paul J. Maddon, William C. Olson, and John P. Moore. A Comparative Immunogenicity Study in Rabbits of Disulfide-Stabilized, Proteolytically Cleaved, Soluble Trimeric Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp140, Trimeric Cleavage-Defective gp140 and Monomeric gp120. Virology, 360(2):329-340, 10 Apr 2007. PubMed ID: 17126869. Show all entries for this paper.

Beretta1994 A. Beretta and A.G. Dalgleish. B-Cell Epitopes. AIDS, 8(suppl 1):S133-S145, 1994. Show all entries for this paper.

Bianchi2010 Elisabetta Bianchi, Joseph G. Joyce, Michael D. Miller, Adam C. Finnefrock, Xiaoping Liang, Marco Finotto, Paolo Ingallinella, Philip McKenna, Michael Citron, Elizabeth Ottinger, Robert W. Hepler, Renee Hrin, Deborah Nahas, Chengwei Wu, David Montefiori, John W. Shiver, Antonello Pessi, and Peter S. Kim. Vaccination with Peptide Mimetics of the gp41 Prehairpin Fusion Intermediate Yields Neutralizing Antisera against HIV-1 Isolates. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 107(23):10655-10660, 8 Jun 2010. PubMed ID: 20483992. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley2003 James M. Binley, Charmagne S. Cayanan, Cheryl Wiley, Norbert Schülke, William C. Olson, and Dennis R. Burton. Redox-Triggered Infection by Disulfide-Shackled Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Pseudovirions. J. Virol., 77(10):5678-5684, May 2003. PubMed ID: 12719560. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley2004 James M. Binley, Terri Wrin, Bette Korber, Michael B. Zwick, Meng Wang, Colombe Chappey, Gabriela Stiegler, Renate Kunert, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Hermann Katinger, Christos J. Petropoulos, and Dennis R. Burton. Comprehensive Cross-Clade Neutralization Analysis of a Panel of Anti-Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 78(23):13232-13252, Dec 2004. PubMed ID: 15542675. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley2008 James M. Binley, Elizabeth A. Lybarger, Emma T. Crooks, Michael S. Seaman, Elin Gray, Katie L. Davis, Julie M. Decker, Diane Wycuff, Linda Harris, Natalie Hawkins, Blake Wood, Cory Nathe, Douglas Richman, Georgia D. Tomaras, Frederic Bibollet-Ruche, James E. Robinson, Lynn Morris, George M. Shaw, David C. Montefiori, and John R. Mascola. Profiling the Specificity of Neutralizing Antibodies in a Large Panel of Plasmas from Patients Chronically Infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Subtypes B and C. J. Virol., 82(23):11651-11668, Dec 2008. PubMed ID: 18815292. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley2009 James Binley. Specificities of Broadly Neutralizing Anti-HIV-1 Sera. Curr. Opin. HIV AIDS, 4(5):364-372, Sep 2009. PubMed ID: 20048699. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley2010 James M Binley, Yih-En Andrew Ban, Emma T. Crooks, Dirk Eggink, Keiko Osawa, William R. Schief, and Rogier W. Sanders. Role of Complex Carbohydrates in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection and Resistance to Antibody Neutralization. J. Virol., 84(11):5637-5655, Jun 2010. PubMed ID: 20335257. Show all entries for this paper.

Biron2005 Zohar Biron, Sanjay Khare, Sabine R. Quadt, Yehezkiel Hayek, Fred Naider, and Jacob Anglister. The 2F5 Epitope is Helical in the HIV-1 Entry Inhibitor T-20. Biochemistry, 44(41):13602-13611, 18 Oct 2005. PubMed ID: 16216084. Show all entries for this paper.

Blay2007 Wendy M. Blay, Theresa Kasprzyk, Lynda Misher, Barbra A. Richardson, and Nancy L. Haigwood. Mutations in Envelope gp120 Can Impact Proteolytic Processing of the gp160 Precursor and Thereby Affect Neutralization Sensitivity of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Pseudoviruses. J. Virol., 81(23):13037-13049, Dec 2007. PubMed ID: 17855534. Show all entries for this paper.

Blish2007 Catherine A. Blish, Wendy M. Blay, Nancy L. Haigwood, and Julie Overbaugh. Transmission of HIV-1 in the Face of Neutralizing Antibodies. Curr. HIV Res., 5(6):578-587, Nov 2007. PubMed ID: 18045114. Show all entries for this paper.

Blish2008 Catherine A Blish, Minh-An Nguyen, and Julie Overbaugh. Enhancing Exposure of HIV-1 Neutralization Epitopes through Mutations in gp41. PLoS Med., 5(1):e9, 3 Jan 2008. PubMed ID: 18177204. Show all entries for this paper.

Blish2009 Catherine A. Blish, Zahra Jalalian-Lechak, Stephanie Rainwater, Minh-An Nguyen, Ozge C. Dogan, and Julie Overbaugh. Cross-Subtype Neutralization Sensitivity Despite Monoclonal Antibody Resistance among Early Subtype A, C, and D Envelope Variants of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. J. Virol., 83(15):7783-7788, Aug 2009. PubMed ID: 19474105. Show all entries for this paper.

Bontjer2010 Ilja Bontjer, Mark Melchers, Dirk Eggink, Kathryn David, John P. Moore, Ben Berkhout, and Rogier W. Sanders. Stabilized HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Trimers Lacking the V1V2 Domain, Obtained by Virus Evolution. J. Biol. Chem, 285(47):36456-36470, 19 Nov 2010. PubMed ID: 20826824. Show all entries for this paper.

Borggren2011 Marie Borggren, Johanna Repits, Jasminka Sterjovski, Hannes Uchtenhagen, Melissa J. Churchill, Anders Karlsson, Jan Albert, Adnane Achour, Paul R. Gorry, Eva Maria Fenyö, and Marianne Jansson. Increased Sensitivity to Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies of End-Stage Disease R5 HIV-1 Correlates with Evolution in Env Glycosylation and Charge. PLoS One, 6(6):e20135, 2011. PubMed ID: 21698221. Show all entries for this paper.

Bouvin-Pley2014 M. Bouvin-Pley, M. Morgand, L. Meyer, C. Goujard, A. Moreau, H. Mouquet, M. Nussenzweig, C. Pace, D. Ho, P. J. Bjorkman, D. Baty, P. Chames, M. Pancera, P. D. Kwong, P. Poignard, F. Barin, and M. Braibant. Drift of the HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein gp120 Toward Increased Neutralization Resistance over the Course of the Epidemic: A Comprehensive Study Using the Most Potent and Broadly Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 88(23):13910-13917, Dec 2014. PubMed ID: 25231299. Show all entries for this paper.

Bradley2016a Todd Bradley, Ashley Trama, Nancy Tumba, Elin Gray, Xiaozhi Lu, Navid Madani, Fatemeh Jahanbakhsh, Amanda Eaton, Shi-Mao Xia, Robert Parks, Krissey E. Lloyd, Laura L. Sutherland, Richard M. Scearce, Cindy M. Bowman, Susan Barnett, Salim S. Abdool-Karim, Scott D. Boyd, Bruno Melillo, Amos B. Smith, 3rd., Joseph Sodroski, Thomas B. Kepler, S. Munir Alam, Feng Gao, Mattia Bonsignori, Hua-Xin Liao, M Anthony Moody, David Montefiori, Sampa Santra, Lynn Morris, and Barton F. Haynes. Amino Acid Changes in the HIV-1 gp41 Membrane Proximal Region Control Virus Neutralization Sensitivity. EBioMedicine, 12:196-207, Oct 2016. PubMed ID: 27612593. Show all entries for this paper.

Braibant2006 Martine Braibant, Sylvie Brunet, Dominique Costagliola, Christine Rouzioux, Henri Agut, Hermann Katinger, Brigitte Autran, and Francis Barin. Antibodies to Conserved Epitopes of the HIV-1 Envelope in Sera from Long-Term Non-Progressors: Prevalence and Association with Neutralizing Activity. AIDS, 20(15):1923-30, 3 Oct 2006. PubMed ID: 16988513. Show all entries for this paper.

Braibant2013 Martine Braibant, Eun-Yeung Gong, Jean-Christophe Plantier, Thierry Moreau, Elodie Alessandri, François Simon, and Francis Barin. Cross-Group Neutralization of HIV-1 and Evidence for Conservation of the PG9/PG16 Epitopes within Divergent Groups. AIDS, 27(8):1239-1244, 15 May 2013. PubMed ID: 23343910. Show all entries for this paper.

Bricault2019 Christine A. Bricault, Karina Yusim, Michael S. Seaman, Hyejin Yoon, James Theiler, Elena E. Giorgi, Kshitij Wagh, Maxwell Theiler, Peter Hraber, Jennifer P. Macke, Edward F. Kreider, Gerald H. Learn, Beatrice H. Hahn, Johannes F. Scheid, James M. Kovacs, Jennifer L. Shields, Christy L. Lavine, Fadi Ghantous, Michael Rist, Madeleine G. Bayne, George H. Neubauer, Katherine McMahan, Hanqin Peng, Coraline Chéneau, Jennifer J. Jones, Jie Zeng, Christina Ochsenbauer, Joseph P. Nkolola, Kathryn E. Stephenson, Bing Chen, S. Gnanakaran, Mattia Bonsignori, LaTonya D. Williams, Barton F. Haynes, Nicole Doria-Rose, John R. Mascola, David C. Montefiori, Dan H. Barouch, and Bette Korber. HIV-1 Neutralizing Antibody Signatures and Application to Epitope-Targeted Vaccine Design. Cell Host Microbe, 25(1):59-72.e8, 9 Jan 2019. PubMed ID: 30629920. Show all entries for this paper.

Brown2005a Bruce K. Brown, Janice M. Darden, Sodsai Tovanabutra, Tamara Oblander, Julie Frost, Eric Sanders-Buell, Mark S. de Souza, Deborah L. Birx, Francine E. McCutchan, and Victoria R. Polonis. Biologic and Genetic Characterization of a Panel of 60 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolates, Representing Clades A, B, C, D, CRF01\_AE, and CRF02\_AG, for the Development and Assessment of Candidate Vaccines. J. Virol., 79(10):6089-6101, May 2005. PubMed ID: 15857994. Show all entries for this paper.

Bryson2008 Steve Bryson, Jean-Philippe Julien, David E. Isenman, Renate Kunert, Hermann Katinger, and Emil F. Pai. Crystal Structure of the Complex Between the Fab' Fragment of the Cross-Neutralizing Anti-HIV-1 Antibody 2F5 and the Fab Fragment of Its Anti-Idiotypic Antibody 3H6. J. Mol. Biol., 382(4):910-919, 17 Oct 2008. PubMed ID: 18692506. Show all entries for this paper.

Bryson2009 Steve Bryson, Jean-Philippe Julien, Rosemary C. Hynes, and Emil F. Pai. Crystallographic Definition of the Epitope Promiscuity of the Broadly Neutralizing Anti-Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Antibody 2F5: Vaccine Design Implications. J. Virol., 83(22):11862-11875, Nov 2009. PubMed ID: 19740978. Show all entries for this paper.

Buchacher1992 Andrea Buchacher, Renate Predl, Christa Tauer, Martin Purtscher, Gerhard Gruber, Renate Heider, Fraz Steindl, Alexandra Trkola, Alois Jungbauer, and Herman Katinger. Human Monoclonal Antibodies against gp41 and gp120 as Potential Agent for Passive Immunization. Vaccines, 92:191-195, 1992. Show all entries for this paper.

Bunnik2007 Evelien M Bunnik, Esther D Quakkelaar, Ad C. van Nuenen, Brigitte Boeser-Nunnink, and Hanneke Schuitemaker. Increased Neutralization Sensitivity of Recently Emerged CXCR4-Using Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Strains Compared to Coexisting CCR5-Using Variants from the Same Patient. J. Virol., 81(2):525-531, Jan 2007. PubMed ID: 17079299. Show all entries for this paper.

Bunnik2009 Evelien M. Bunnik, Marit J. van Gils, Marilie S. D. Lobbrecht, Linaida Pisas, Ad C. van Nuenen, and Hanneke Schuitemaker. Changing Sensitivity to Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies b12, 2G12, 2F5, and 4E10 of Primary Subtype B Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Variants in the Natural Course of Infection. Virology, 390(2):348-355, 1 Aug 2009. PubMed ID: 19539340. Show all entries for this paper.

Bunnik2010 Evelien M. Bunnik, Marit J. van Gils, Marilie S. D. Lobbrecht, Linaida Pisas, Nening M. Nanlohy, Debbie van Baarle, Ad C. van Nuenen, Ann J. Hessell, and Hanneke Schuitemaker. Emergence of Monoclonal Antibody b12-Resistant Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Variants during Natural Infection in the Absence of Humoral Or Cellular Immune Pressure. J. Gen. Virol., 91(5):1354-1364, May 2010. PubMed ID: 20053822. Show all entries for this paper.

Bunnik2010a Evelien M. Bunnik, Zelda Euler, Matthijs R. A. Welkers, Brigitte D. M. Boeser-Nunnink, Marlous L. Grijsen, Jan M. Prins, and Hanneke Schuitemaker. Adaptation of HIV-1 Envelope gp120 to Humoral Immunity at a Population Level. Nat. Med., 16(9):995-997, Sep 2010. PubMed ID: 20802498. Show all entries for this paper.

Bures2002 Renata Bures, Lynn Morris, Carolyn Williamson, Gita Ramjee, Mark Deers, Susan A Fiscus, Salim Abdool-Karim, and David C. Montefiori. Regional Clustering of Shared Neutralization Determinants on Primary Isolates of Clade C Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 from South Africa. J. Virol., 76(5):2233-2244, Mar 2002. PubMed ID: 11836401. Show all entries for this paper.

Burrer2005 Renaud Burrer, Sandrine Haessig-Einius, Anne-Marie Aubertin, and Christiane Moog. Neutralizing as Well as Non-Neutralizing Polyclonal Immunoglobulin (Ig)G from Infected Patients Capture HIV-1 via Antibodies Directed against the Principal Immunodominant Domain of gp41. Virology, 333(1):102-113, 1 Mar 2005. PubMed ID: 15708596. Show all entries for this paper.

Burton1997 D. R. Burton and D. C. Montefiori. The antibody response in HIV-1 infection. AIDS, 11 Suppl A:S87-S98, 1997. An excellent review of Ab epitopes and the implications for Envelope structure, neutralization of HIV, the distinction between primary and TCLA strains, ADCC and its role in clearance, and the Ab response during the course of infection. PubMed ID: 9451972. Show all entries for this paper.

Burton2005 Dennis R. Burton, Robyn L. Stanfield, and Ian A. Wilson. Antibody vs. HIV in a Clash of Evolutionary Titans. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 102(42):14943-14948, 18 Oct 2005. PubMed ID: 16219699. Show all entries for this paper.

Burton2012 Dennis R. Burton, Pascal Poignard, Robyn L. Stanfield, and Ian A. Wilson. Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies Present New Prospects to Counter Highly Antigenically Diverse Viruses. Science, 337(6091):183-186, 13 Jul 2012. PubMed ID: 22798606. Show all entries for this paper.

Burton2016 Dennis R. Burton and Lars Hangartner. Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies to HIV and Their Role in Vaccine Design. Annu. Rev. Immunol., 34:635-659, 20 May 2016. PubMed ID: 27168247. Show all entries for this paper.

Buzon2010 Victor Buzon, Ganesh Natrajan, David Schibli, Felix Campelo, Michael M. Kozlov, and Winfried Weissenhorn. Crystal Structure of HIV-1 gp41 Including Both Fusion Peptide and Membrane Proximal External Regions. PLoS Pathog, 6(5):e1000880, May 2010. PubMed ID: 20463810. Show all entries for this paper.

Calarota1996 S. Calarota, M. Jansson, M. Levi, K. Broliden, O. Libonatti, H. Wigzell, and B. Wahren. Immunodominant Glycoprotein 41 Epitope Identified by Seroreactivity in HIV Type 1-Infected Individuals. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 12:705-713, 1996. PubMed ID: 8744581. Show all entries for this paper.

Cavacini2002 Lisa A. Cavacini, Mark Duval, James Robinson, and Marshall R. Posner. Interactions of Human Antibodies, Epitope Exposure, Antibody Binding and Neutralization of Primary Isolate HIV-1 Virions. AIDS, 16(18):2409-2417, 6 Dec 2002. Erratum in AIDS. 2003 Aug 15;17(12):1863. PubMed ID: 12461414. Show all entries for this paper.

Chakrabarti2002 Bimal K. Chakrabarti, Wing-pui Kong, Bei-yue Wu, Zhi-Yong Yang, Jacques Friborg, Xu Ling, Steven R. King, David C. Montefiori, and Gary J. Nabel. Modifications of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Envelope Glycoprotein Enhance Immunogenicity for Genetic Immunization. J. Virol., 76(11):5357-5368, Jun 2002. PubMed ID: 11991964. Show all entries for this paper.

Chakrabarti2005 Bimal K. Chakrabarti, Xu Ling, Zhi-Yong Yang, David C. Montefiori, Amos Panet, Wing-Pui Kong, Brent Welcher, Mark K. Louder, John R. Mascola, and Gary J. Nabel. Expanded Breadth of Virus Neutralization after Immunization with a Multiclade Envelope HIV Vaccine Candidate. Vaccine, 23(26):3434-3445, 16 May 2005. PubMed ID: 15837367. Show all entries for this paper.

Chakrabarti2011 B. K. Chakrabarti, L. M. Walker, J. F. Guenaga, A. Ghobbeh, P. Poignard, D. R. Burton, and R. T. Wyatt. Direct Antibody Access to the HIV-1 Membrane-Proximal External Region Positively Correlates with Neutralization Sensitivity. J. Virol., 85(16):8217-8226, Aug 2011. PubMed ID: 21653673. Show all entries for this paper.

Cham2006 Fatim Cham, Peng Fei Zhang, Leo Heyndrickx, Peter Bouma, Ping Zhong, Herman Katinger, James Robinson, Guido van der Groen, and Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr. Neutralization and Infectivity Characteristics of Envelope Glycoproteins from Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infected Donors Whose Sera Exhibit Broadly Cross-Reactive Neutralizing Activity. Virology, 347(1):36-51, 30 Mar 2006. PubMed ID: 16378633. Show all entries for this paper.

Cheeseman2017 Hannah M. Cheeseman, Natalia J. Olejniczak, Paul M. Rogers, Abbey B. Evans, Deborah F. L. King, Paul Ziprin, Hua-Xin Liao, Barton F. Haynes, and Robin J. Shattock. Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies Display Potential for Prevention of HIV-1 Infection of Mucosal Tissue Superior to That of Nonneutralizing Antibodies. J. Virol., 91(1), 1 Jan 2017. PubMed ID: 27795431. Show all entries for this paper.

Chen1994 Y.-H. Chen, A. Susanna, G. Bock, F. Steindl, H. Katinger, and M. P. Dierich. HIV-1 gp41 Shares a Common Immunologic Determinant with Human T, B and Monocyte Cell Lines. Immunol. Lett., 39:219-222, 1994. The MAb 3D6 binds to HIV gp41, and to a 43 kd protein found in human T, B and monocyte cell lines. The authors suggest the possibility of molecular mimicry. PubMed ID: 7518416. Show all entries for this paper.

Chen2007 Ping Chen, Wolfgang Hübner, Matthew A. Spinelli, and Benjamin K. Chen. Predominant Mode of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transfer between T Cells Is Mediated by Sustained Env-Dependent Neutralization-Resistant Virological Synapses. J. Virol., 81(22):12582-12595, Nov 2007. PubMed ID: 17728240. Show all entries for this paper.

Chen2008a Hongying Chen, Xiaodong Xu, Hsin-Hui Lin, Ssu-Hsien Chen, Anna Forsman, Marlen Aasa-Chapman, and Ian M. Jones. Mapping the Immune Response to the Outer Domain of a Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Clade C gp120. J. Gen. Virol., 89(10):2597-2604, Oct 2008. PubMed ID: 18796729. Show all entries for this paper.

Chen2009b Weizao Chen and Dimiter S. Dimitrov. Human Monoclonal Antibodies and Engineered Antibody Domains as HIV-1 Entry Inhibitors. Curr. Opin. HIV AIDS, 4(2):112-117, Mar 2009. PubMed ID: 19339949. Show all entries for this paper.

Chen2013 Yao Chen, Jinsong Zhang, Kwan-Ki Hwang, Hilary Bouton-Verville, Shi-Mao Xia, Amanda Newman, Ying-Bin Ouyang, Barton F. Haynes, and Laurent Verkoczy. Common Tolerance Mechanisms, but Distinct Cross-Reactivities Associated with gp41 and Lipids, Limit Production of HIV-1 Broad Neutralizing Antibodies 2F5 and 4E10. J. Immunol., 191(3):1260-1275, Aug 1 2013. PubMed ID: 23825311. Show all entries for this paper.

Chen2015 Jia Chen, James M. Kovacs, Hanqin Peng, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Jianming Lu, Donghyun Park, Elise Zablowsky, Michael S. Seaman, and Bing Chen. Effect of the Cytoplasmic Domain on Antigenic Characteristics of HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein. Science, 349(6244):191-195, 10 Jul 2015. PubMed ID: 26113642. Show all entries for this paper.

Chenine2013 Agnès-Laurence Chenine, Lindsay Wieczorek, Eric Sanders-Buell, Maggie Wesberry, Teresa Towle, Devin M. Pillis, Sebastian Molnar, Robert McLinden, Tara Edmonds, Ivan Hirsch, Robert O'Connell, Francine E. McCutchan, David C. Montefiori, Christina Ochsenbauer, John C. Kappes, Jerome H. Kim, Victoria R. Polonis, and Sodsai Tovanabutra. Impact of HIV-1 Backbone on Neutralization Sensitivity: Neutralization Profiles of Heterologous Envelope Glycoproteins Expressed in Native Subtype C and CRF01\_AE Backbone. PLoS One, 8(11):e76104, 2013. PubMed ID: 24312165. Show all entries for this paper.

Chenine2018 Agnes-Laurence Chenine, Melanie Merbah, Lindsay Wieczorek, Sebastian Molnar, Brendan Mann, Jenica Lee, Anne-Marie O'Sullivan, Meera Bose, Eric Sanders-Buell, Gustavo H. Kijak, Carolina Herrera, Robert McLinden, Robert J. O'Connell, Nelson L. Michael, Merlin L. Robb, Jerome H. Kim, Victoria R. Polonis, and Sodsai Tovanabutra. Neutralization Sensitivity of a Novel HIV-1 CRF01\_AE Panel of Infectious Molecular Clones. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr., 78(3):348-355, 1 Jul 2018. PubMed ID: 29528942. Show all entries for this paper.

Ching2010 Lance Ching and Leonidas Stamatatos. Alterations in the Immunogenic Properties of Soluble Trimeric Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Proteins Induced by Deletion or Heterologous Substitutions of the V1 Loop. J. Virol., 84(19):9932-9946, Oct 2010. PubMed ID: 20660181. Show all entries for this paper.

Chomont2008 Nicolas Chomont, Hakim Hocini, Jean-Chrysostome Gody, Hicham Bouhlal, Pierre Becquart, Corinne Krief-Bouillet, Michel Kazatchkine, and Laurent Bélec. Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibodies to Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Do Not Inhibit Viral Transcytosis Through Mucosal Epithelial Cells. Virology, 370(2):246-254, 20 Jan 2008. PubMed ID: 17920650. Show all entries for this paper.

Chong2008 Huihui Chong, Kunxue Hong, Chuntao Zhang, Jianhui Nie, Aijing Song, Wei Kong, and Youchun Wang. Genetic and Neutralization Properties of HIV-1 env Clones from Subtype B/BC/AE Infections in China. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr., 47(5):535-543, 15 Apr 2008. PubMed ID: 18209676. Show all entries for this paper.

Choudhry2006 Vidita Choudhry, Mei-Yun Zhang, Ilia Harris, Igor A. Sidorov, Bang Vu, Antony S. Dimitrov, Timothy Fouts, and Dimiter S. Dimitrov. Increased Efficacy of HIV-1 Neutralization by Antibodies at Low CCR5 Surface Concentration. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 348(3):1107-1115, 29 Sep 2006. PubMed ID: 16904645. Show all entries for this paper.

Choudhry2007 Vidita Choudhry, Mei-Yun Zhang, Igor A. Sidorov, John M. Louis, Ilia Harris, Antony S. Dimitrov, Peter Bouma, Fatim Cham, Anil Choudhary, Susanna M. Rybak, Timothy Fouts, David C. Montefiori, Christopher C. Broder, Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr., and Dimiter S. Dimitrov. Cross-Reactive HIV-1 Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibodies Selected by Screening of an Immune Human Phage Library Against an Envelope Glycoprotein (gp140) Isolated from a Patient (R2) with Broadly HIV-1 Neutralizing Antibodies. Virology, 363(1):79-90, 20 Jun 2007. PubMed ID: 17306322. Show all entries for this paper.

Chuang2013 Gwo-Yu Chuang, Priyamvada Acharya, Stephen D. Schmidt, Yongping Yang, Mark K. Louder, Tongqing Zhou, Young Do Kwon, Marie Pancera, Robert T. Bailer, Nicole A. Doria-Rose, Michel C. Nussenzweig, John R. Mascola, Peter D. Kwong, and Ivelin S. Georgiev. Residue-Level Prediction of HIV-1 Antibody Epitopes Based on Neutralization of Diverse Viral Strains. J. Virol., 87(18):10047-10058, Sep 2013. PubMed ID: 23843642. Show all entries for this paper.

Chun2014 Tae-Wook Chun, Danielle Murray, Jesse S. Justement, Jana Blazkova, Claire W. Hallahan, Olivia Fankuchen, Kathleen Gittens, Erika Benko, Colin Kovacs, Susan Moir, and Anthony S. Fauci. Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies Suppress HIV in the Persistent Viral Reservoir. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 111(36):13151-13156, 9 Sep 2014. PubMed ID: 25157148. Show all entries for this paper.

Clerici2002 Mario Clerici, Claudia Barassi, Claudia Devito, Claudia Pastori, Stefania Piconi, Daria Trabattoni, Renato Longhi, Jorma Hinkula, Kristina Broliden, and Lucia Lopalco. Serum IgA of HIV-Exposed Uninfected Individuals Inhibit HIV Through Recognition of a Region within the Alpha-Helix of gp41. AIDS, 16(13):1731-1741, 6 Sep 2002. PubMed ID: 12218383. Show all entries for this paper.

Coeffier2000 E. Coeffier, J. M. Clement, V. Cussac, N. Khodaei-Boorane, M. Jehanno, M. Rojas, A. Dridi, M. Latour, R. El Habib, F. Barre-Sinoussi, M. Hofnung, and C. Leclerc. Antigenicity and Immunogenicity of the HIV-1 gp41 Epitope ELDKWA Inserted into Permissive Sites of the MalE Protein. Vaccine, 19(7-8):684-693, 22 Nov 2000. PubMed ID: 11115689. Show all entries for this paper.

Cognasse2009 Fabrice Cognasse, Hind Hamzeh-Cognasse, Julien Berthet, Pauline Damien, Frédéric Lucht, Bruno Pozzetto, and Olivier Garraud. Altered Release of Regulated upon Activation, Normal T-Cell Expressed and Secreted Protein from Human, Normal Platelets: Contribution of Distinct HIV-1MN gp41 Peptides. AIDS, 23(15):2057-2059, 24 Sep 2009. PubMed ID: 19654498. Show all entries for this paper.

Conley1994a A. J. Conley, J. A. Kessler, II, L. J. Boots, J.-S. Tung, B. A. Arnold, P. M. Keller, A. R. Shaw, and E. A. Emini. Neutralization of Divergent Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Variants and Primary Isolates by IAM-41-2F5, an Anti-gp41 Human Monoclonal Antibody. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 91:3348-3352, 1994. 2F5 is capable of neutralizing a broad range of primary isolates and lab strains. Susceptibility to neutralization was dependent on presence of a conserved antibody binding site. Kinetic studies were done, and 2F5 has a very long t$_1/2$ of dissociation, 156 minutes for gp41. The authors point out that LDKW core is present in highly diverged international isolates. PubMed ID: 7512731. Show all entries for this paper.

Conley1996 A. J. Conley, J. A. Kessler, II, L. J. Boots, P. M. McKenna, W. A. Schleif, E. A. Emini, G. E. Mark, III, H. Katinger, E. K. Cobb, S. M. Lunceford, S. R. Rouse, and K. K. Murthy. The Consequence of Passive Administration of an Anti-Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibody before Challenge of Chimpanzees with a Primary Virus Isolate. J. Virol., 70:6751-6758, 1996. The MAb 2F5 was infused into two chimpanzees which were then given an intravenous challenge with a primary HIV-1 isolate -- both became infected, but with delayed detection and prolonged decrease in viral load relative to controls, indicating that preexisting, neutralizing antibodies (passively administered or actively elicited) affect the course of acute-phase virus replication and can be influential after the Ab can no longer be detected in the peripheral circulation. PubMed ID: 8794312. Show all entries for this paper.

Connor1998 R. I. Connor, B. T. Korber, B. S. Graham, B. H. Hahn, D. D. Ho, B. D. Walker, A. U. Neumann, S. H. Vermund, J. Mestecky, S. Jackson, E. Fenamore, Y. Cao, F. Gao, S. Kalams, K. J. Kunstman, D. McDonald, N. McWilliams, A. Trkola, J. P. Moore, and S. M. Wolinsky. Immunological and virological analyses of persons infected by human immunodeficiency virus type 1 while participating in trials of recombinant gp120 subunit vaccines. J. Virol., 72:1552-76, 1998. No gp120-vaccine induced antibodies in a human trial of gp120 MN and SF2 could neutralize the primary viruses that infected the vaccinees. The primary isolates from the infected vaccinees were shown not to be particularly refractive to neutralization by their susceptibility to a panel of neutralizing MAbs. PubMed ID: 9445059. Show all entries for this paper.

Corti2010 Davide Corti, Johannes P. M. Langedijk, Andreas Hinz, Michael S. Seaman, Fabrizia Vanzetta, Blanca M. Fernandez-Rodriguez, Chiara Silacci, Debora Pinna, David Jarrossay, Sunita Balla-Jhagjhoorsingh, Betty Willems, Maria J. Zekveld, Hanna Dreja, Eithne O'Sullivan, Corinna Pade, Chloe Orkin, Simon A. Jeffs, David C. Montefiori, David Davis, Winfried Weissenhorn, Áine McKnight, Jonathan L. Heeney, Federica Sallusto, Quentin J. Sattentau, Robin A. Weiss, and Antonio Lanzavecchia. Analysis of Memory B Cell Responses and Isolation of Novel Monoclonal Antibodies with Neutralizing Breadth from HIV-1-Infected Individuals. PLoS One, 5(1):e8805, 2010. PubMed ID: 20098712. Show all entries for this paper.

Coutant2008 Jérôme Coutant, Huifeng Yu, Marie-Jeanne Clément, Annette Alfsen, Flavio Toma, Patrick A. Curmi, and Morgane Bomsel. Both Lipid Environment and pH Are Critical for Determining Physiological Solution Structure of 3-D-Conserved Epitopes of the HIV-1 gp41-MPER Peptide P1. FASEB J., 22(12):4338-4351, Dec 2008. PubMed ID: 18776068. Show all entries for this paper.

Crooks2005 Emma T. Crooks, Penny L. Moore, Douglas Richman, James Robinson, Jeffrey A. Crooks, Michael Franti, Norbert Schülke, and James M. Binley. Characterizing Anti-HIV Monoclonal Antibodies and Immune Sera by Defining the Mechanism of Neutralization. Hum Antibodies, 14(3-4):101-113, 2005. PubMed ID: 16720980. Show all entries for this paper.

Crooks2008 Emma T. Crooks, Pengfei Jiang, Michael Franti, Sharon Wong, Michael B. Zwick, James A. Hoxie, James E. Robinson, Penny L. Moore, and James M. Binley. Relationship of HIV-1 and SIV Envelope Glycoprotein Trimer Occupation and Neutralization. Virology, 377(2):364-378, 1 Aug 2008. PubMed ID: 18539308. Show all entries for this paper.

Crooks2011 Ema T. Crooks, Tommy Tong, Keiko Osawa, and James M. Binley. Enzyme Digests Eliminate Nonfunctional Env from HIV-1 Particle Surfaces, Leaving Native Env Trimers Intact and Viral Infectivity Unaffected. J. Virol., 85(12):5825-5839, Jun 2011. PubMed ID: 21471242. Show all entries for this paper.

Crooks2015 Ema T. Crooks, Tommy Tong, Bimal Chakrabarti, Kristin Narayan, Ivelin S. Georgiev, Sergey Menis, Xiaoxing Huang, Daniel Kulp, Keiko Osawa, Janelle Muranaka, Guillaume Stewart-Jones, Joanne Destefano, Sijy O'Dell, Celia LaBranche, James E. Robinson, David C. Montefiori, Krisha McKee, Sean X. Du, Nicole Doria-Rose, Peter D. Kwong, John R. Mascola, Ping Zhu, William R. Schief, Richard T. Wyatt, Robert G. Whalen, and James M. Binley. Vaccine-Elicited Tier 2 HIV-1 Neutralizing Antibodies Bind to Quaternary Epitopes Involving Glycan-Deficient Patches Proximal to the CD4 Binding Site. PLoS Pathog, 11(5):e1004932, May 2015. PubMed ID: 26023780. Show all entries for this paper.

Dacheux2004 Laurent Dacheux, Alain Moreau, Yasemin Ataman-Önal, François Biron, Bernard Verrier, and Francis Barin. Evolutionary Dynamics of the Glycan Shield of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Envelope during Natural Infection and Implications for Exposure of the 2G12 Epitope. J. Virol., 78(22):12625-12637, Nov 2004. PubMed ID: 15507649. Show all entries for this paper.

Davis2006 David Davis, Helen Donners, Betty Willems, Michel Ntemgwa, Tine Vermoesen, Guido van der Groen, and Wouter Janssens. Neutralization Kinetics of Sensitive and Resistant Subtype B Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolates. J. Med. Virol., 78(7):864-786, Jul 2006. PubMed ID: 16721864. Show all entries for this paper.

Davis2009 Katie L. Davis, Frederic Bibollet-Ruche, Hui Li, Julie M. Decker, Olaf Kutsch, Lynn Morris, Aidy Salomon, Abraham Pinter, James A. Hoxie, Beatrice H. Hahn, Peter D. Kwong, and George M. Shaw. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 2 (HIV-2)/HIV-1 Envelope Chimeras Detect High Titers of Broadly Reactive HIV-1 V3-Specific Antibodies in Human Plasma. J. Virol., 83(3):1240-1259, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 19019969. Show all entries for this paper.

Decamp2014 Allan deCamp, Peter Hraber, Robert T. Bailer, Michael S. Seaman, Christina Ochsenbauer, John Kappes, Raphael Gottardo, Paul Edlefsen, Steve Self, Haili Tang, Kelli Greene, Hongmei Gao, Xiaoju Daniell, Marcella Sarzotti-Kelsoe, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Celia C. LaBranche, John R. Mascola, Bette T. Korber, and David C. Montefiori. Global Panel of HIV-1 Env Reference Strains for Standardized Assessments of Vaccine-Elicited Neutralizing Antibodies. J. Virol., 88(5):2489-2507, Mar 2014. PubMed ID: 24352443. Show all entries for this paper.

delaArada2009 Igor de la Arada, Jean-Philippe Julien, Beatriz G. de la Torre, Nerea Huarte, David Andreu, Emil F. Pai, José L. R. Arrondo, and José L. Nieva. Structural Constraints Imposed by the Conserved Fusion Peptide on the HIV-1 gp41 Epitope Recognized by the Broadly Neutralizing Antibody 2F5. J. Phys. Chem. B, 113(41):13626-13637, 15 Oct 2009. PubMed ID: 19754136. Show all entries for this paper.

Dennison2009 S. Moses Dennison, Shelley M. Stewart, Kathryn C. Stempel, Hua-Xin Liao, Barton F. Haynes, and S. Munir Alam. Stable Docking of Neutralizing Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp41 Membrane-Proximal External Region Monoclonal Antibodies 2F5 and 4E10 Is Dependent on the Membrane Immersion Depth of Their Epitope Regions. J. Virol., 83(19):10211-10223, Oct 2009. PubMed ID: 19640992. Show all entries for this paper.

Dennison2011 S. Moses Dennison, Laura L. Sutherland, Frederick H. Jaeger, Kara M. Anasti, Robert Parks, Shelley Stewart, Cindy Bowman, Shi-Mao Xia, Ruijun Zhang, Xiaoying Shen, Richard M. Scearce, Gilad Ofek, Yongping Yang, Peter D. Kwong, Sampa Santra, Hua-Xin Liao, Georgia Tomaras, Norman L. Letvin, Bing Chen, S. Munir Alam, and Barton F. Haynes. Induction of Antibodies in Rhesus Macaques That Recognize a Fusion-Intermediate Conformation of HIV-1 gp41. PLoS One, 6(11):e27824, 2011. PubMed ID: 22140469. Show all entries for this paper.

Dennison2011a S. Moses Dennison, Kara Anasti, Richard M. Scearce, Laura Sutherland, Robert Parks, Shi-Mao Xia, Hua-Xin Liao, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Barton F. Haynes, and S. Munir Alam. Nonneutralizing HIV-1 gp41 Envelope Cluster II Human Monoclonal Antibodies Show Polyreactivity for Binding to Phospholipids and Protein Autoantigens. J. Virol., 85(3):1340-1347, Feb 2011. PubMed ID: 21106741. Show all entries for this paper.

Dennison2014 S. Moses Dennison, Kara M. Anasti, Frederick H. Jaeger, Shelley M. Stewart, Justin Pollara, Pinghuang Liu, Erika L. Kunz, Ruijun Zhang, Nathan Vandergrift, Sallie Permar, Guido Ferrari, Georgia D. Tomaras, Mattia Bonsignori, Nelson L. Michael, Jerome H Kim, Jaranit Kaewkungwal, Sorachai Nitayaphan, Punnee Pitisuttithum, Supachai Rerks-Ngarm, Hua-Xin Liao, Barton F. Haynes, and S. Munir Alam. Vaccine-Induced HIV-1 Envelope gp120 Constant Region 1-Specific Antibodies Expose a CD4-Inducible Epitope and Block the Interaction of HIV-1 gp140 with Galactosylceramide. J. Virol., 88(16):9406-9417, Aug 2014. PubMed ID: 24920809. Show all entries for this paper.

Depetris2012 Rafael S Depetris, Jean-Philippe Julien, Reza Khayat, Jeong Hyun Lee, Robert Pejchal, Umesh Katpally, Nicolette Cocco, Milind Kachare, Evan Massi, Kathryn B. David, Albert Cupo, Andre J. Marozsan, William C. Olson, Andrew B. Ward, Ian A. Wilson, Rogier W. Sanders, and John P Moore. Partial Enzymatic Deglycosylation Preserves the Structure of Cleaved Recombinant HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Trimers. J. Biol. Chem., 287(29):24239-24254, 13 Jul 2012. PubMed ID: 22645128. Show all entries for this paper.

Derby2006 Nina R. Derby, Zane Kraft, Elaine Kan, Emma T. Crooks, Susan W. Barnett, Indresh K. Srivastava, James M. Binley, and Leonidas Stamatatos. Antibody Responses Elicited in Macaques Immunized with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) SF162-Derived gp140 Envelope Immunogens: Comparison with Those Elicited during Homologous Simian/Human Immunodeficiency Virus SHIVSF162P4 and Heterologous HIV-1 Infection. J. Virol., 80(17):8745-8762, Sep 2006. PubMed ID: 16912322. Show all entries for this paper.

Derby2007 Nina R. Derby, Sean Gray, Elizabeth Wayner, Dwayne Campogan, Giorgos Vlahogiannis, Zane Kraft, Susan W. Barnett, Indresh K. Srivastava, and Leonidas Stamatatos. Isolation and Characterization of Monoclonal Antibodies Elicited by Trimeric HIV-1 Env gp140 Protein Immunogens. Virology, 366(2):433-445, 30 Sep 2007. PubMed ID: 17560621. Show all entries for this paper.

deRosny2004 Eve de Rosny, Russell Vassell, Shibo Jiang, Renate Kunert, and Carol D. Weiss. Binding of the 2F5 Monoclonal Antibody to Native and Fusion-Intermediate Forms of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp41: Implications for Fusion-Inducing Conformational Changes. J. Virol., 78(5):2627-2631, Mar 2004. PubMed ID: 14963170. Show all entries for this paper.

Dervillez2010 Xavier Dervillez, Volker Klaukien, Ralf Dürr, Joachim Koch, Alexandra Kreutz, Thomas Haarmann, Michaela Stoll, Donghan Lee, Teresa Carlomagno, Barbara Schnierle, Kalle Möbius, Christoph Königs, Christian Griesinger, and Ursula Dietrich. Peptide Ligands Selected with CD4-Induced Epitopes on Native Dualtropic HIV-1 Envelope Proteins Mimic Extracellular Coreceptor Domains and Bind to HIV-1 gp120 Independently of Coreceptor Usage. J. Virol., 84(19):10131-10138, Oct 2010. PubMed ID: 20660187. Show all entries for this paper.

Dey2003 Barna Dey, Christie S. Del Castillo, and Edward A. Berger. Neutralization of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 by sCD4-17b, a Single-Chain Chimeric Protein, Based on Sequential Interaction of gp120 with CD4 and Coreceptor. J. Virol., 77(5):2859-2865, Mar 2003. PubMed ID: 12584309. Show all entries for this paper.

Dey2007 Antu K. Dey, Kathryn B. David, Per J. Klasse, and John P. Moore. Specific Amino Acids in the N-Terminus of the gp41 Ectodomain Contribute to the Stabilization of a Soluble, Cleaved gp140 Envelope Glycoprotein from Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. Virology, 360(1):199-208, 30 Mar 2007. PubMed ID: 17092531. Show all entries for this paper.

Dey2008 Antu K. Dey, Kathryn B. David, Neelanjana Ray, Thomas J. Ketas, Per J. Klasse, Robert W. Doms, and John P. Moore. N-Terminal Substitutions in HIV-1 gp41 Reduce the Expression of Non-Trimeric Envelope Glycoproteins on the Virus. Virology, 372(1):187-200, 1 Mar 2008. PubMed ID: 18031785. Show all entries for this paper.

Dhillon2007 Amandeep K. Dhillon, Helen Donners, Ralph Pantophlet, Welkin E. Johnson, Julie M. Decker, George M. Shaw, Fang-Hua Lee, Douglas D. Richman, Robert W. Doms, Guido Vanham, and Dennis R. Burton. Dissecting the Neutralizing Antibody Specificities of Broadly Neutralizing Sera from Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1-Infected Donors. J. Virol., 81(12):6548-6562, Jun 2007. PubMed ID: 17409160. Show all entries for this paper.

Dieltjens2009 Tessa Dieltjens, Leo Heyndrickx, Betty Willems, Elin Gray, Lies Van Nieuwenhove, Katrijn Grupping, Guido Vanham, and Wouter Janssens. Evolution of Antibody Landscape and Viral Envelope Escape in an HIV-1 CRF02\_AG Infected Patient with 4E10-Like Antibodies. Retrovirology, 6:113, 2009. PubMed ID: 20003438. Show all entries for this paper.

Dimitrov2007 Antony S. Dimitrov, Amy Jacobs, Catherine M. Finnegan, Gabriela Stiegler, Hermann Katinger, and Robert Blumenthal. Exposure of the Membrane-Proximal External Region of HIV-1 gp41 in the Course of HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein-Mediated Fusion. Biochemistry, 46(5):1398-1401, 6 Feb 2007. PubMed ID: 17260969. Show all entries for this paper.

Diomede2012 L. Diomede, S. Nyoka, C. Pastori, L. Scotti, A. Zambon, G. Sherman, C. M. Gray, M. Sarzotti-Kelsoe, and L. Lopalco. Passively Transmitted gp41 Antibodies in Babies Born from HIV-1 Subtype C-Seropositive Women: Correlation between Fine Specificity and Protection. J. Virol., 86(8):4129-4138, Apr 2012. PubMed ID: 22301151. Show all entries for this paper.

Dong2001 X. N. Dong, Y. Xiao, and Y. H. Chen. ELNKWA-epitope specific antibodies induced by epitope-vaccine recognize ELDKWA- and other two neutralizing-resistant mutated epitopes on HIV-1 gp41. Immunol. Lett., 75(2):149--52, 1 Jan 2001. PubMed ID: 11137140. Show all entries for this paper.

Dong2005 Xiao-Nan Dong, Yi Wu, and Ying-Hua Chen. The Neutralizing Epitope ELDKWA on HIV-1 gp41: Genetic Variability and Antigenicity. Immunol. Lett., 101(1):81-86, 15 Oct 2005. PubMed ID: 15951025. Show all entries for this paper.

Dong2006 Xiao-Nan Dong and Ying-Hua Chen. Neutralizing Epitopes in the Membrane-Proximal Region of HIV-1 gp41: Genetic Variability and Co-Variation. Immunol. Lett., 106(2):180-186, 15 Aug 2006. PubMed ID: 16859756. Show all entries for this paper.

Doria-Rose2010 Nicole A. Doria-Rose, Rachel M. Klein, Marcus G. Daniels, Sijy O'Dell, Martha Nason, Alan Lapedes, Tanmoy Bhattacharya, Stephen A. Migueles, Richard T. Wyatt, Bette T. Korber, John R. Mascola, and Mark Connors. Breadth of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Specific Neutralizing Activity in Sera: Clustering Analysis and Association with Clinical Variables. J. Virol., 84(3):1631-1636, Feb 2010. PubMed ID: 19923174. Show all entries for this paper.

Doria-Rose2017 Nicole A. Doria-Rose, Han R. Altae-Tran, Ryan S. Roark, Stephen D. Schmidt, Matthew S. Sutton, Mark K. Louder, Gwo-Yu Chuang, Robert T. Bailer, Valerie Cortez, Rui Kong, Krisha McKee, Sijy O'Dell, Felicia Wang, Salim S. Abdool Karim, James M. Binley, Mark Connors, Barton F. Haynes, Malcolm A. Martin, David C. Montefiori, Lynn Morris, Julie Overbaugh, Peter D. Kwong, John R. Mascola, and Ivelin S. Georgiev. Mapping Polyclonal HIV-1 Antibody Responses via Next-Generation Neutralization Fingerprinting. PLoS Pathog., 13(1):e1006148, Jan 2017. PubMed ID: 28052137. Show all entries for this paper.

Dorosko2008 Stephanie M. Dorosko, Sandra L. Ayres, and Ruth I. Connor. Induction of HIV-1 MPR(649-684)-Specific IgA and IgG Antibodies in Caprine Colostrum Using a Peptide-Based Vaccine. Vaccine, 26(42):5416-5422, 3 Oct 2008. PubMed ID: 18708113. Show all entries for this paper.

Drummer2013 Heidi E. Drummer, Melissa K. Hill, Anne L. Maerz, Stephanie Wood, Paul A. Ramsland, Johnson Mak, and Pantelis Poumbourios. Allosteric Modulation of the HIV-1 gp120-gp41 Association Site by Adjacent gp120 Variable Region 1 (V1) N-Glycans Linked to Neutralization Sensitivity. PLoS Pathog., 9(4):e1003218, 2013. PubMed ID: 23592978. Show all entries for this paper.

DSouza1994 M. P. D'Souza, S. J. Geyer, C. V. Hanson, R. M. Hendry, G. Milman, and Collaborating Investigators. Evaluation of Monoclonal Antibodies to HIV-1 Envelope by Neutralization and Binding Assays: An International Collaboration. AIDS, 8:169-181, 1994. PubMed ID: 7519019. Show all entries for this paper.

DSouza1995 M. P. D'Souza, G. Milman, J. A. Bradac, D. McPhee, C. V. Hanson, and R. M. Hendry. Neutralization of Primary HIV-1 Isolates by Anti-Envelope Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS, 9:867-874, 1995. Eleven labs tested the 6 human MAbs 1125H, TH9, 4.8D, 257-D-IV, TH1, 2F5, and also HIVIG for neutralization of MN, JRCSF, the two B clade primary isolates 301657 and THA/92/026, and the D clade isolate UG/92/21. 2F5 was the most broadly neutralizing, better than HIVIG. The other MAbs showed limited neutralization of only MN (anti-CD4BS MAbs 1125H, TH9, and 4.8D), or MN and JRCSF (anti-V3 MAbs 257-D-IV and TH1). PubMed ID: 7576320. Show all entries for this paper.

DSouza1997 M. P. D'Souza, D. Livnat, J. A. Bradac, S. H. Bridges, the AIDS Clinical Trials Group Antibody Selection Working Group, and Collaborating Investigators. Evaluation of monoclonal antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 primary isolates by neutralization assays: performance criteria for selecting candidate antibodies for clinical trials. J. Infect. Dis., 175:1056-1062, 1997. Five laboratories evaluated neutralization of nine primary B clade isolates by a coded panel of seven human MAbs to HIV-1 subtype B envelope. IgG1b12, 2G12, 2F5 showed potent and broadly cross-reactive neutralizing ability; F105, 447/52-D, 729-D, 19b did not neutralize the primary isolates. PubMed ID: 9129066. Show all entries for this paper.

Du2009 Sean X. Du, Rebecca J. Idiart, Ellaine B. Mariano, Helen Chen, Peifeng Jiang, Li Xu, Kristin M. Ostrow, Terri Wrin, Pham Phung, James M. Binley, Christos J. Petropoulos, John A. Ballantyne, and Robert G. Whalen. Effect of Trimerization Motifs on Quaternary Structure, Antigenicity, and Immunogenicity of a Noncleavable HIV-1 gp140 Envelope Glycoprotein. Virology, 395(1):33-44, 5 Dec 2009. PubMed ID: 19815247. Show all entries for this paper.

Dunfee2007 Rebecca L. Dunfee, Elaine R. Thomas, Jianbin Wang, Kevin Kunstman, Steven M. Wolinsky, and Dana Gabuzda. Loss of the N-Linked Glycosylation Site at Position 386 in the HIV Envelope V4 Region Enhances Macrophage Tropism and Is Associated with Dementia. Virology, 367(1):222-234, 10 Oct 2007. PubMed ID: 17599380. Show all entries for this paper.

Earl1997 P. L. Earl, C. C. Broder, R. W. Doms, and B. Moss. Epitope map of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp41 derived from 47 monoclonal antibodies produced by immunization with oligomeric envelope protein. J. Virol., 71:2674-84, 1997. PubMed ID: 9060620. Show all entries for this paper.

Edmonds2010 Tara G. Edmonds, Haitao Ding, Xing Yuan, Qing Wei, Kendra S. Smith, Joan A. Conway, Lindsay Wieczorek, Bruce Brown, Victoria Polonis, John T. West, David C. Montefiori, John C. Kappes, and Christina Ochsenbauer. Replication Competent Molecular Clones of HIV-1 Expressing Renilla Luciferase Facilitate the Analysis of Antibody Inhibition in PBMC. Virology, 408(1):1-13, 5 Dec 2010. PubMed ID: 20863545. Show all entries for this paper.

Ernst1998 W. Ernst, R. Grabherr, D. Wegner, N. Borth, A. Grassauer, and H. Katinger. Baculovirus surface display: construction and screening of a eukaryotic epitope library. Nucl. Acids Res., 26:1718-23, 1998. PubMed ID: 9512544. Show all entries for this paper.

Euler2011 Zelda Euler, Evelien M. Bunnik, Judith A. Burger, Brigitte D. M. Boeser-Nunnink, Marlous L. Grijsen, Jan M. Prins, and Hanneke Schuitemaker. Activity of Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies, Including PG9, PG16, and VRC01, against Recently Transmitted Subtype B HIV-1 Variants from Early and Late in the Epidemic. J. Virol., 85(14):7236-7245, Jul 2011. PubMed ID: 21561918. Show all entries for this paper.

Falkowska2012 Emilia Falkowska, Alejandra Ramos, Yu Feng, Tongqing Zhou, Stephanie Moquin, Laura M. Walker, Xueling Wu, Michael S. Seaman, Terri Wrin, Peter D. Kwong, Richard T. Wyatt, John R. Mascola, Pascal Poignard, and Dennis R. Burton. PGV04, an HIV-1 gp120 CD4 Binding Site Antibody, Is Broad and Potent in Neutralization but Does Not Induce Conformational Changes Characteristic of CD4. J. Virol., 86(8):4394-4403, Apr 2012. PubMed ID: 22345481. Show all entries for this paper.

Fenyo2009 Eva Maria Fenyö, Alan Heath, Stefania Dispinseri, Harvey Holmes, Paolo Lusso, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Helen Donners, Leo Heyndrickx, Jose Alcami, Vera Bongertz, Christian Jassoy, Mauro Malnati, David Montefiori, Christiane Moog, Lynn Morris, Saladin Osmanov, Victoria Polonis, Quentin Sattentau, Hanneke Schuitemaker, Ruengpung Sutthent, Terri Wrin, and Gabriella Scarlatti. International Network for Comparison of HIV Neutralization Assays: The NeutNet Report. PLoS One, 4(2):e4505, 2009. PubMed ID: 19229336. Show all entries for this paper.

Ferrantelli2002 Flavia Ferrantelli and Ruth M. Ruprecht. Neutralizing Antibodies Against HIV --- Back in the Major Leagues? Curr. Opin. Immunol., 14(4):495-502, Aug 2002. PubMed ID: 12088685. Show all entries for this paper.

Ferrantelli2003 Flavia Ferrantelli, Regina Hofmann-Lehmann, Robert A. Rasmussen, Tao Wang, Weidong Xu, Pei-Lin Li, David C. Montefiori, Lisa A. Cavacini, Hermann Katinger, Gabriela Stiegler, Daniel C. Anderson, Harold M. McClure, and Ruth M. Ruprecht. Post-Exposure Prophylaxis with Human Monoclonal Antibodies Prevented SHIV89.6P Infection or Disease in Neonatal Macaques. AIDS, 17(3):301-309, 14 Feb 2003. PubMed ID: 12556683. Show all entries for this paper.

Ferrantelli2004 Flavia Ferrantelli, Robert A. Rasmussen, Kathleen A. Buckley, Pei-Lin Li, Tao Wang, David C. Montefiori, Hermann Katinger, Gabriela Stiegler, Daniel C. Anderson, Harold M. McClure, and Ruth M. Ruprecht. Complete Protection of Neonatal Rhesus Macaques against Oral Exposure to Pathogenic Simian-Human Immunodeficiency Virus by Human Anti-HIV Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Infect. Dis., 189(12):2167-2173, 15 Jun 2004. PubMed ID: 15181562. Show all entries for this paper.

Ferrantelli2004a Flavia Ferrantelli, Moiz Kitabwalla, Robert A. Rasmussen, Chuanhai Cao, Ting-Chao Chou, Hermann Katinger, Gabriela Stiegler, Lisa A. Cavacini, Yun Bai, Joseph Cotropia, Kenneth E. Ugen, and Ruth M. Ruprecht. Potent Cross-Group Neutralization of Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Isolates with Monoclonal Antibodies--Implications for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Vaccine. J. Infect. Dis., 189(1):71-74, 1 Jan 2004. PubMed ID: 14702155. Show all entries for this paper.

Ferrantelli2007 Flavia Ferrantelli, Kathleen A. Buckley, Robert A. Rasmussen, Alistair Chalmers, Tao Wang, Pei-Lin Li, Alison L. Williams, Regina Hofmann-Lehmann, David C. Montefiori, Lisa A. Cavacini, Hermann Katinger, Gabriela Stiegler, Daniel C. Anderson, Harold M. McClure, and Ruth M. Ruprecht. Time Dependence of Protective Post-Exposure Prophylaxis with Human Monoclonal Antibodies Against Pathogenic SHIV Challenge in Newborn Macaques. Virology, 358(1):69-78, 5 Feb 2007. PubMed ID: 16996554. Show all entries for this paper.

Fiebig2009 Uwe Fiebig, Mirco Schmolke, Magdalena Eschricht, Reinhard Kurth, and Joachim Denner. Mode of Interaction between the HIV-1-Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibody 2F5 and Its Epitope. AIDS, 23(8):887-895, 15 May 2009. PubMed ID: 19414989. Show all entries for this paper.

Finnegan2002 Catherine M. Finnegan, Werner Berg, George K. Lewis, and Anthony L. DeVico. Antigenic Properties of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transmembrane Glycoprotein during Cell-Cell Fusion. J. Virol., 76(23):12123-12134, Dec 2002. PubMed ID: 12414953. Show all entries for this paper.

Finton2013 Kathryn A. K. Finton, Kevin Larimore, H. Benjamin Larman, Della Friend, Colin Correnti, Peter B. Rupert, Stephen J. Elledge, Philip D. Greenberg, and Roland K. Strong. Autoreactivity and Exceptional CDR Plasticity (but Not Unusual Polyspecificity) Hinder Elicitation of the Anti-HIV Antibody 4E10. PLoS Pathog., 9(9):e1003639, 2013. PubMed ID: 24086134. Show all entries for this paper.

Floss2008 Doreen M. Floss, Markus Sack, Johannes Stadlmann, Thomas Rademacher, Jürgen Scheller, Eva Stöger, Rainer Fischer, and Udo Conrad. Biochemical and Functional Characterization of Anti-HIV Antibody-ELP Fusion Proteins from Transgenic Plants. Plant Biotechnol. J., 6(4):379-391, May 2008. PubMed ID: 18312505. Show all entries for this paper.

Follis2002 Kathryn E. Follis, Scott J. Larson, Min Lu, and Jack H. Nunberg. Genetic Evidence that Interhelical Packing Interactions in the gp41 Core Are Critical for Transition of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Glycoprotein to the Fusion-Active State. J. Virol., 76(14):7356-7362, Jul 2002. PubMed ID: 12072535. Show all entries for this paper.

Forthal2009 Donald N. Forthal and Christiane Moog. Fc Receptor-Mediated Antiviral Antibodies. Curr. Opin. HIV AIDS, 4(5):388-393, Sep 2009. PubMed ID: 20048702. Show all entries for this paper.

Fouts1998 T. R. Fouts, A. Trkola, M. S. Fung, and J. P. Moore. Interactions of Polyclonal and Monoclonal Anti-Glycoprotein 120 Antibodies with Oligomeric Glycoprotein 120-Glycoprotein 41 Complexes of a Primary HIV Type 1 Isolate: Relationship to Neutralization. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 14:591-597, 1998. Ab reactivity to oligomeric forms of gp120 were compared to neutralization of the macrophage tropic primary virus JRFL, and did not always correlate. This builds upon studies which have shown that oligomer binding while required for neutralization, is not always sufficient. MAb 205-46-9 and 2G6 bind oligomer with high affinity, comparable to IgG1b12, but unlike IgG1b12, cannot neutralize JRFL. Furthermore, neutralizing and non-neutralizing sera from HIV-1 infected people are similar in their reactivities to oligomeric JRFL Envelope. PubMed ID: 9591713. Show all entries for this paper.

Frankel1998 S. S. Frankel, R. M. Steinman, N. L. Michael, S. R. Kim, N. Bhardwaj, M. Pope, M. K. Louder, P. K. Ehrenberg, P. W. Parren, D. R. Burton, H. Katinger, T. C. VanCott, M. L. Robb, D. L. Birx, and J. R. Mascola. Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibodies Block Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection of Dendritic Cells and Transmission to T Cells. J. Virol., 72:9788-9794, 1998. Investigation of three human MAbs to elicit a neutralizing effect and block HIV-1 infection in human dendritic cells. Preincubation with NAbs IgG1b12 or a combination of 2F5/2G12 prevented infection of purified DC and transmission in DC/T-cell cultures. PubMed ID: 9811714. Show all entries for this paper.

Franquelim2011 Henri G. Franquelim, Salvatore Chiantia, Ana Salomé Veiga, Nuno C. Santos, Petra Schwille, and Miguel A. R. B. Castanho. Anti-HIV-1 Antibodies 2F5 and 4E10 Interact Differently with Lipids to Bind Their Epitopes. AIDS, 25(4):419-428, 20 Feb 2011. PubMed ID: 21245727. Show all entries for this paper.

Frey2008 Gary Frey, Hanqin Peng, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Marco Morelli, Yifan Cheng, and Bing Chen. A Fusion-Intermediate State of HIV-1 gp41 Targeted by Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 105(10):3739-3744, 11 Mar 2008. PubMed ID: 18322015. Show all entries for this paper.

Frey2010 Gary Frey, Jia Chen, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Michael M. Freeman, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Bing Chen. Distinct Conformational States of HIV-1 gp41 Are Recognized by Neutralizing and Non-Neutralizing Antibodies. Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol., 17(12):1486-1491, Dec 2010. PubMed ID: 21076402. Show all entries for this paper.

Fu2018 Qingshan Fu, Md Munan Shaik, Yongfei Cai, Fadi Ghantous, Alessandro Piai, Hanqin Peng, Sophia Rits-Volloch, Zhijun Liu, Stephen C. Harrison, Michael S. Seaman, Bing Chen, and James J. Chou. Structure of the Membrane Proximal External Region of HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 115(38):E8892-E8899, 18 Sep 2018. PubMed ID: 30185554. Show all entries for this paper.

Gach2007a Johannes S. Gach, Heribert Quendler, Robert Weik, Hermann Katinger, and Renate Kunert. Partial Humanization and Characterization of an Anti-Idiotypic Antibody against Monoclonal Antibody 2F5, a Potential HIV Vaccine? AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 23(11):1405-1415, Nov 2007. PubMed ID: 18184084. Show all entries for this paper.

Gach2008 Johannes Simon Gach, Heribert Quendler, Boris Ferko, Hermann Katinger, and Renate Kunert. Expression, Purification, and In Vivo Administration of a Promising Anti-Idiotypic HIV-1 Vaccine. Mol. Biotechnol., 39(2):119-125, Jun 2008. PubMed ID: 18327550. Show all entries for this paper.

Gach2008a Johannes Simon Gach, Heribert Quendler, Stefanie Strobach, Hermann Katinger, and Renate Kunert. Structural Analysis and In Vivo Administration of an Anti-Idiotypic Antibody against mAb 2F5. Mol. Immunol., 45(4):1027-1034, Feb 2008. PubMed ID: 17804071. Show all entries for this paper.

Gach2013 Johannes S. Gach, Heribert Quendler, Tommy Tong, Kristin M. Narayan, Sean X. Du, Robert G. Whalen, James M. Binley, Donald N. Forthal, Pascal Poignard, and Michael B. Zwick. A Human Antibody to the CD4 Binding Site of gp120 Capable of Highly Potent but Sporadic Cross Clade Neutralization of Primary HIV-1. PLoS One, 8(8):e72054, 2013. PubMed ID: 23991039. Show all entries for this paper.

Gach2014 Johannes S. Gach, Chad J. Achenbach, Veronika Chromikova, Baiba Berzins, Nina Lambert, Gary Landucci, Donald N. Forthal, Christine Katlama, Barbara H. Jung, and Robert L. Murphy. HIV-1 Specific Antibody Titers and Neutralization among Chronically Infected Patients on Long-Term Suppressive Antiretroviral Therapy (ART): A Cross-Sectional Study. PLoS One, 9(1):e85371, 2014. PubMed ID: 24454852. Show all entries for this paper.

Gao2005a Feng Gao, Eric A. Weaver, Zhongjing Lu, Yingying Li, Hua-Xin Liao, Benjiang Ma, S Munir Alam, Richard M. Scearce, Laura L. Sutherland, Jae-Sung Yu, Julie M. Decker, George M. Shaw, David C. Montefiori, Bette T. Korber, Beatrice H. Hahn, and Barton F. Haynes. Antigenicity and Immunogenicity of a Synthetic Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Group M Consensus Envelope Glycoprotein. J. Virol., 79(2):1154-1163, Jan 2005. PubMed ID: 15613343. Show all entries for this paper.

Gao2007 Feng Gao, Hua-Xin Liao, Beatrice H. Hahn, Norman L. Letvin, Bette T. Korber, and Barton F. Haynes. Centralized HIV-1 Envelope Immunogens and Neutralizing Antibodies. Curr. HIV Res., 5(6):572-577, Nov 2007. PubMed ID: 18045113. Show all entries for this paper.

Gao2009 Feng Gao, Richard M. Scearce, S. Munir Alam, Bhavna Hora, Shimao Xia, Julie E. Hohm, Robert J. Parks, Damon F. Ogburn, Georgia D. Tomaras, Emily Park, Woodrow E. Lomas, Vernon C. Maino, Susan A. Fiscus, Myron S. Cohen, M. Anthony Moody, Beatrice H. Hahn, Bette T. Korber, Hua-Xin Liao, and Barton F. Haynes. Cross-reactive Monoclonal Antibodies to Multiple HIV-1 Subtype and SIVcpz Envelope Glycoproteins. Virology, 394(1):91-98, 10 Nov 2009. PubMed ID: 19744690. Show all entries for this paper.

Geffin1998 R. B. Geffin, G. B. Scott, M. Melenwick, C. Hutto, S. Lai, L. J. Boots, P. M. McKenna, JA 2nd. Kessler, and A. J. Conley. Association of Antibody Reactivity to ELDKWA, a Glycoprotein 41 Neutralization Epitope, with Disease Progression in Children Perinatally Infected with HIV Type 1. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 14:579-590, 1998. PubMed ID: 9591712. Show all entries for this paper.

Geonnotti2010 Anthony R. Geonnotti, Miroslawa Bilska, Xing Yuan, Christina Ochsenbauer, Tara G. Edmonds, John C. Kappes, Hua-Xin Liao, Barton F. Haynes, and David C. Montefiori. Differential Inhibition of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells and TZM-bl Cells by Endotoxin-Mediated Chemokine and Gamma Interferon Production. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 26(3):279-291, Mar 2010. PubMed ID: 20218881. Show all entries for this paper.

Georgiev2013 Ivelin S. Georgiev, Nicole A. Doria-Rose, Tongqing Zhou, Young Do Kwon, Ryan P. Staupe, Stephanie Moquin, Gwo-Yu Chuang, Mark K. Louder, Stephen D. Schmidt, Han R. Altae-Tran, Robert T. Bailer, Krisha McKee, Martha Nason, Sijy O'Dell, Gilad Ofek, Marie Pancera, Sanjay Srivatsan, Lawrence Shapiro, Mark Connors, Stephen A. Migueles, Lynn Morris, Yoshiaki Nishimura, Malcolm A. Martin, John R. Mascola, and Peter D. Kwong. Delineating Antibody Recognition in Polyclonal Sera from Patterns of HIV-1 Isolate Neutralization. Science, 340(6133):751-756, 10 May 2013. PubMed ID: 23661761. Show all entries for this paper.

GoldingH2002 Hana Golding, Marina Zaitseva, Eve de Rosny, Lisa R. King, Jody Manischewitz, Igor Sidorov, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Dimiter S. Dimitrov, and Carol D. Weiss. Dissection of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Entry with Neutralizing Antibodies to gp41 Fusion Intermediates. J. Virol., 76(13):6780-6790, Jul 2002. PubMed ID: 12050391. Show all entries for this paper.

Gonzalez2010 Nuria Gonzalez, Amparo Alvarez, and Jose Alcami. Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies and their Significance for HIV-1 Vaccines. Curr. HIV Res., 8(8):602-612, Dec 2010. PubMed ID: 21054253. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny1997 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Thomas C. VanCott, Catarina Hioe, Zimra R. Israel, Nelson L. Michael, Anthony J. Conley, Constance Williams, Joseph A. Kessler II, Padmasree Chigurupati, Sherri Burda, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies to the V3 Loop of HIV-1 With Intra- and Interclade Cross-Reactivity. J. Immunol., 159:5114-5122, 1997. PubMed ID: 9366441. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2000a M. K. Gorny and S. Zolla-Pazner. Recognition by Human Monoclonal Antibodies of Free and Complexed Peptides Representing the Prefusogenic and Fusogenic Forms of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp41. J. Virol., 74:6186-6192, 2000. PubMed ID: 10846104. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2009 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Bradley Witover, Sherri Burda, Mateusz Urbanski, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Arthur Nadas. Preferential Use of the VH5-51 Gene Segment by the Human Immune Response to Code for Antibodies against the V3 Domain of HIV-1. Mol. Immunol., 46(5):917-926, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 18952295. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorry2002 Paul R. Gorry, Joann Taylor, Geoffrey H. Holm, Andrew Mehle, Tom Morgan, Mark Cayabyab, Michael Farzan, Hui Wang, Jeanne E. Bell, Kevin Kunstman, John P. Moore, Steven M. Wolinsky, and Dana Gabuzda. Increased CCR5 Affinity and Reduced CCR5/CD4 Dependence of a Neurovirulent Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate. J. Virol., 76(12):6277-6292, Jun 2002. PubMed ID: 12021361. Show all entries for this paper.

Gray2006 Elin Solomonovna Gray, Tammy Meyers, Glenda Gray, David Charles Montefiori, and Lynn Morris. Insensitivity of Paediatric HIV-1 Subtype C Viruses to Broadly Neutralising Monoclonal Antibodies Raised against Subtype B. PLoS Med., 3(7):e255, Jul 2006. PubMed ID: 16834457. Show all entries for this paper.

Gray2009a Elin S. Gray, Maphuti C. Madiga, Penny L. Moore, Koleka Mlisana, Salim S. Abdool Karim, James M. Binley, George M. Shaw, John R. Mascola, and Lynn Morris. Broad Neutralization of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Mediated by Plasma Antibodies against the gp41 Membrane Proximal External Region. J. Virol., 83(21):11265-11274, Nov 2009. PubMed ID: 19692477. Show all entries for this paper.

Grundner2002 Christoph Grundner, Tajib Mirzabekov, Joseph Sodroski, and Richard Wyatt. Solid-Phase Proteoliposomes Containing Human Immunodeficiency Virus Envelope Glycoproteins. J. Virol., 76(7):3511-3521, Apr 2002. PubMed ID: 11884575. Show all entries for this paper.

Grundner2005 Christoph Grundner, Yuxing Li, Mark Louder, John Mascola, Xinzhen Yang, Joseph Sodroski, and Richard Wyatt. Analysis of the Neutralizing Antibody Response Elicited in Rabbits by Repeated Inoculation with Trimeric HIV-1 Envelope Glycoproteins. Virology, 331(1):33-46, 5 Jan 2005. PubMed ID: 15582651. Show all entries for this paper.

Guenaga2011 Javier Guenaga, Pia Dosenovic, Gilad Ofek, David Baker, William R. Schief, Peter D. Kwong, Gunilla B. Karlsson Hedestam, and Richard T. Wyatt. Heterologous Epitope-Scaffold Prime: Boosting Immuno-Focuses B Cell Responses to the HIV-1 gp41 2F5 Neutralization Determinant. PLoS One, 6(1):e16074, 2011. PubMed ID: 21297864. Show all entries for this paper.

Guenaga2012 Javier Guenaga and Richard T Wyatt. Structure-Guided Alterations of the gp41-Directed HIV-1 Broadly Neutralizing Antibody 2F5 Reveal New Properties Regarding Its Neutralizing Function. PLoS Pathog, 8(7):e1002806, 2012. PubMed ID: 22829767. Show all entries for this paper.

Gupta2013 Sandeep Gupta, Johannes S. Gach, Juan C. Becerra, Tran B. Phan, Jeffrey Pudney, Zina Moldoveanu, Sarah B. Joseph, Gary Landucci, Medalyn Jude Supnet, Li-Hua Ping, Davide Corti, Brian Moldt, Zdenek Hel, Antonio Lanzavecchia, Ruth M. Ruprecht, Dennis R. Burton, Jiri Mestecky, Deborah J. Anderson, and Donald N. Forthal. The Neonatal Fc Receptor (FcRn) Enhances Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (HIV-1) Transcytosis across Epithelial Cells. PLoS Pathog., 9(11):e1003776, Nov 2013. PubMed ID: 24278022. Show all entries for this paper.

Gustchina2007 Elena Gustchina, John M. Louis, Son N. Lam, Carole A. Bewley, and G. Marius Clore. A Monoclonal Fab Derived from a Human Nonimmune Phage Library Reveals a New Epitope on gp41 and Neutralizes Diverse Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Strains. J. Virol., 81(23):12946-12953, Dec 2007. PubMed ID: 17898046. Show all entries for this paper.

Gustchina2008 Elena Gustchina, Carole A. Bewley, and G. Marius Clore. Sequestering of the Prehairpin Intermediate of gp41 by Peptide N36Mut(e,g) Potentiates the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Neutralizing Activity of Monoclonal Antibodies Directed against the N-Terminal Helical Repeat of gp41. J. Virol., 82(20):10032-10041, Oct 2008. PubMed ID: 18667502. Show all entries for this paper.

Habte2015 Habtom H. Habte, Saikat Banerjee, Heliang Shi, Yali Qin, and Michael W. Cho. Immunogenic Properties of a Trimeric gp41-Based Immunogen Containing an Exposed Membrane-Proximal External Region. Virology, 486:187-197, Dec 2015. PubMed ID: 26454663. Show all entries for this paper.

Haim2007 Hillel Haim, Israel Steiner, and Amos Panet. Time Frames for Neutralization during the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Entry Phase, as Monitored in Synchronously Infected Cell Cultures. J. Virol., 81(7):3525-3534, Apr 2007. PubMed ID: 17251303. Show all entries for this paper.

Haim2011 Hillel Haim, Bettina Strack, Aemro Kassa, Navid Madani, Liping Wang, Joel R. Courter, Amy Princiotto, Kathleen McGee, Beatriz Pacheco, Michael S. Seaman, Amos B. Smith, 3rd., and Joseph Sodroski. Contribution of Intrinsic Reactivity of the HIV-1 Envelope Glycoproteins to CD4-Independent Infection and Global Inhibitor Sensitivity. PLoS Pathog., 7(6):e1002101, Jun 2011. PubMed ID: 21731494. Show all entries for this paper.

Hammond2010 Philip W. Hammond. Accessing the Human Repertoire for Broadly Neutralizing HIV Antibodies. MAbs, 2(2):157-164, Mar-Apr 2010. PubMed ID: 20168075. Show all entries for this paper.

Hardy2012 Gregory J. Hardy, Yee Lam, Shelley M. Stewart, Kara Anasti, S. Munir Alam, and Stefan Zauscher. Screening the Interactions between HIV-1 Neutralizing Antibodies and Model Lipid Surfaces. J. Immunol. Methods, 376(1-2):13-19, 28 Feb 2012. PubMed ID: 22033342. Show all entries for this paper.

Hart2003 Melanie L. Hart, Mohammed Saifuddin, and Gregory T. Spear. Glycosylation Inhibitors and Neuraminidase Enhance Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Binding and Neutralization by Mannose-Binding Lectin. J. Gen. Virol., 84(Pt 2):353-360, Feb 2003. PubMed ID: 12560567. Show all entries for this paper.

Haynes2005 Barton F. Haynes, Judith Fleming, E. William St. Clair, Herman Katinger, Gabriela Stiegler, Renate Kunert, James Robinson, Richard M. Scearce, Kelly Plonk, Herman F. Staats, Thomas L. Ortel, Hua-Xin Liao, and S. Munir Alam. Cardiolipin Polyspecific Autoreactivity in Two Broadly Neutralizing HIV-1 Antibodies. Science, 308(5730):1906-1908, 24 Jun 2005. Comment in Science 2005 Jun 24;308(5730):1878-9. PubMed ID: 15860590. Show all entries for this paper.

Haynes2005a Barton F. Haynes, M. Anthony Moody, Laurent Verkoczy, Garnett Kelsoe, and S. Munir Alam. Antibody Polyspecificity and Neutralization of HIV-1: A Hypothesis. Hum. Antibodies, 14(3-4):59-67, 2005. PubMed ID: 16720975. Show all entries for this paper.

Haynes2006a Barton F. Haynes and David C. Montefiori. Aiming to Induce Broadly Reactive Neutralizing Antibody Responses with HIV-1 Vaccine Candidates. Expert Rev. Vaccines, 5(4):579-595, Aug 2006. PubMed ID: 16989638. Show all entries for this paper.

Haynes2008 Barton F. Haynes and Robin J. Shattock. Critical Issues in Mucosal Immunity for HIV-1 Vaccine Development. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol., 122(1):3-9, Jul 2008. PubMed ID: 18468671. Show all entries for this paper.

Haynes2010 Barton F. Haynes, Nathan I. Nicely, and S. Munir Alam. HIV-1 Autoreactive Antibodies: Are They Good or Bad for HIV-1 Prevention? Nat. Struct. Mol. Biol., 17(5):543-545, May 2010. PubMed ID: 20442740. Show all entries for this paper.

Haynes2012 Barton F. Haynes, Garnett Kelsoe, Stephen C. Harrison, and Thomas B. Kepler. B-Cell-Lineage Immunogen Design in Vaccine Development with HIV-1 as a Case Study. Nat. Biotechnol., 30(5):423-433, May 2012. PubMed ID: 22565972. Show all entries for this paper.

Haynes2012a Barton F. Haynes, Peter B. Gilbert, M. Juliana McElrath, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Georgia D. Tomaras, S. Munir Alam, David T. Evans, David C. Montefiori, Chitraporn Karnasuta, Ruengpueng Sutthent, Hua-Xin Liao, Anthony L. DeVico, George K. Lewis, Constance Williams, Abraham Pinter, Youyi Fong, Holly Janes, Allan DeCamp, Yunda Huang, Mangala Rao, Erik Billings, Nicos Karasavvas, Merlin L. Robb, Viseth Ngauy, Mark S. de Souza, Robert Paris, Guido Ferrari, Robert T. Bailer, Kelly A. Soderberg, Charla Andrews, Phillip W. Berman, Nicole Frahm, Stephen C. De Rosa, Michael D. Alpert, Nicole L. Yates, Xiaoying Shen, Richard A. Koup, Punnee Pitisuttithum, Jaranit Kaewkungwal, Sorachai Nitayaphan, Supachai Rerks-Ngarm, Nelson L. Michael, and Jerome H. Kim. Immune-Correlates Analysis of an HIV-1 Vaccine Efficacy Trial. N. Engl. J. Med., 366(14):1275-1286, 5 Apr 2012. PubMed ID: 22475592. Show all entries for this paper.

Haynes2013 Barton F. Haynes and M. Juliana McElrath. Progress in HIV-1 Vaccine Development. Curr. Opin. HIV AIDS, 8(4):326-332, Jul 2013. PubMed ID: 23743722. Show all entries for this paper.

Haynes2016 Barton F. Haynes, George M. Shaw, Bette Korber, Garnett Kelsoe, Joseph Sodroski, Beatrice H. Hahn, Persephone Borrow, and Andrew J. McMichael. HIV-Host Interactions: Implications for Vaccine Design. Cell Host Microbe, 19(3):292-303, 9 Mar 2016. PubMed ID: 26922989. Show all entries for this paper.

Henderson2019 Rory Henderson, Brian E. Watts, Hieu N. Ergin, Kara Anasti, Robert Parks, Shi-Mao Xia, Ashley Tr