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MAb ID 48d (4.8d, 4.8D, 48D)
HXB2 Location Env Env Epitope Map
Author Location gp120
Research Contact James Robinson, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, USA
Epitope
Ab Type gp120 CD4i
Neutralizing L P (weak)  View neutralization details
Contacts and Features View contacts and features
Species (Isotype) human(IgG1κ)
Patient  
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords ADCC, antibody binding site, antibody interactions, antibody lineage, antibody polyreactivity, antibody sequence, assay or method development, autoantibody or autoimmunity, binding affinity, co-receptor, dendritic cells, drug resistance, escape, glycosylation, HAART, ART, kinetics, mimics, neutralization, review, structure, subtype comparisons, vaccine antigen design, vaccine-induced immune responses, variant cross-reactivity

Notes

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References

Showing 105 of 105 references.

Acharya2013 Priyamvada Acharya, Timothy S. Luongo, Ivelin S. Georgiev, Julie Matz, Stephen D. Schmidt, Mark K. Louder, Pascal Kessler, Yongping Yang, Krisha McKee, Sijy O'Dell, Lei Chen, Daniel Baty, Patrick Chames, Loic Martin, John R. Mascola, and Peter D. Kwong. Heavy Chain-Only IgG2b Llama Antibody Effects Near-Pan HIV-1 Neutralization by Recognizing a CD4-Induced Epitope That Includes Elements of Coreceptor- and CD4-Binding Sites. J. Virol., 87(18):10173-10181, Sep 2013. PubMed ID: 23843638. Show all entries for this paper.

Berro2009 Reem Berro, Rogier W. Sanders, Min Lu, Per J. Klasse, and John P. Moore. Two HIV-1 Variants Resistant to Small Molecule CCR5 Inhibitors Differ in How They Use CCR5 for Entry. PLoS Pathog., 5(8):e1000548, Aug 2009. PubMed ID: 19680536. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley1997 J. M. Binley, H. Arshad, T. R. Fouts, and J. P. Moore. An investigation of the high avidity antibody response to gp120 of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 13:1007-1015, 1997. PubMed ID: 9264287. Show all entries for this paper.

Binley1998 J. M. Binley, R. Wyatt, E. Desjardins, P. D. Kwong, W. Hendrickson, J. P. Moore, and J. Sodroski. Analysis of the Interaction of Antibodies with a Conserved Enzymatically Deglycosylated Core of the HIV Type 1 Envelope Glycoprotein 120. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 14:191-198, 1998. This paper helped showed the biological relevance of a deglycosylated variable loop deleted form of the core gp120. PubMed ID: 9491908. Show all entries for this paper.

Bontjer2010 Ilja Bontjer, Mark Melchers, Dirk Eggink, Kathryn David, John P. Moore, Ben Berkhout, and Rogier W. Sanders. Stabilized HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Trimers Lacking the V1V2 Domain, Obtained by Virus Evolution. J. Biol. Chem, 285(47):36456-36470, 19 Nov 2010. PubMed ID: 20826824. Show all entries for this paper.

Cavacini2002 Lisa A. Cavacini, Mark Duval, James Robinson, and Marshall R. Posner. Interactions of Human Antibodies, Epitope Exposure, Antibody Binding and Neutralization of Primary Isolate HIV-1 Virions. AIDS, 16(18):2409-2417, 6 Dec 2002. Erratum in AIDS. 2003 Aug 15;17(12):1863. PubMed ID: 12461414. Show all entries for this paper.

Cavacini2003 Lisa Cavacini, Mark Duval, Leslie Song, Rebecca Sangster, Shi-hua Xiang, Joseph Sodroski, and Marshall Posner. Conformational Changes in env Oligomer Induced by an Antibody Dependent on the V3 Loop Base. AIDS, 17(5):685-689, 28 Mar 2003. PubMed ID: 12646791. Show all entries for this paper.

Cham2006 Fatim Cham, Peng Fei Zhang, Leo Heyndrickx, Peter Bouma, Ping Zhong, Herman Katinger, James Robinson, Guido van der Groen, and Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr. Neutralization and Infectivity Characteristics of Envelope Glycoproteins from Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infected Donors Whose Sera Exhibit Broadly Cross-Reactive Neutralizing Activity. Virology, 347(1):36-51, 30 Mar 2006. PubMed ID: 16378633. Show all entries for this paper.

Choe2003 Hyeryun Choe, Wenhui Li, Paulette L. Wright, Natalya Vasilieva, Miro Venturi, Chih-Chin Huang, Christoph Grundner, Tatyana Dorfman, Michael B. Zwick, Liping Wang, Eric S. Rosenberg, Peter D. Kwong, Dennis R. Burton, James E. Robinson, Joseph G. Sodroski, and Michael Farzan. Tyrosine Sulfation of Human Antibodies Contributes to Recognition of the CCR5 Binding Region of HIV-1 gp120. Cell, 114(2):161-170, 25 Jul 2003. PubMed ID: 12887918. Show all entries for this paper.

Chomont2008 Nicolas Chomont, Hakim Hocini, Jean-Chrysostome Gody, Hicham Bouhlal, Pierre Becquart, Corinne Krief-Bouillet, Michel Kazatchkine, and Laurent Bélec. Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibodies to Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Do Not Inhibit Viral Transcytosis Through Mucosal Epithelial Cells. Virology, 370(2):246-254, 20 Jan 2008. PubMed ID: 17920650. Show all entries for this paper.

Crooks2015 Ema T. Crooks, Tommy Tong, Bimal Chakrabarti, Kristin Narayan, Ivelin S. Georgiev, Sergey Menis, Xiaoxing Huang, Daniel Kulp, Keiko Osawa, Janelle Muranaka, Guillaume Stewart-Jones, Joanne Destefano, Sijy O'Dell, Celia LaBranche, James E. Robinson, David C. Montefiori, Krisha McKee, Sean X. Du, Nicole Doria-Rose, Peter D. Kwong, John R. Mascola, Ping Zhu, William R. Schief, Richard T. Wyatt, Robert G. Whalen, and James M. Binley. Vaccine-Elicited Tier 2 HIV-1 Neutralizing Antibodies Bind to Quaternary Epitopes Involving Glycan-Deficient Patches Proximal to the CD4 Binding Site. PLoS Pathog, 11(5):e1004932, May 2015. PubMed ID: 26023780. Show all entries for this paper.

Douagi2010 Iyadh Douagi, Mattias N. E. Forsell, Christopher Sundling, Sijy O'Dell, Yu Feng, Pia Dosenovic, Yuxing Li, Robert Seder, Karin Loré, John R. Mascola, Richard T. Wyatt, and Gunilla B. Karlsson Hedestam. Influence of Novel CD4 Binding-Defective HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Immunogens on Neutralizing Antibody and T-Cell Responses in Nonhuman Primates. J. Virol., 84(4):1683-1695, Feb 2010. PubMed ID: 19955308. Show all entries for this paper.

DSouza1995 M. P. D'Souza, G. Milman, J. A. Bradac, D. McPhee, C. V. Hanson, and R. M. Hendry. Neutralization of Primary HIV-1 Isolates by Anti-Envelope Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS, 9:867-874, 1995. Eleven labs tested the 6 human MAbs 1125H, TH9, 4.8D, 257-D-IV, TH1, 2F5, and also HIVIG for neutralization of MN, JRCSF, the two B clade primary isolates 301657 and THA/92/026, and the D clade isolate UG/92/21. 2F5 was the most broadly neutralizing, better than HIVIG. The other MAbs showed limited neutralization of only MN (anti-CD4BS MAbs 1125H, TH9, and 4.8D), or MN and JRCSF (anti-V3 MAbs 257-D-IV and TH1). PubMed ID: 7576320. Show all entries for this paper.

EdwardsBH2002 Bradley H. Edwards, Anju Bansal, Steffanie Sabbaj, Janna Bakari, Mark J. Mulligan, and Paul A. Goepfert. Magnitude of Functional CD8+ T-Cell Responses to the Gag Protein of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Correlates Inversely with Viral Load in Plasma. J. Virol., 76(5):2298-2305, Mar 2002. PubMed ID: 11836408. Show all entries for this paper.

Finnegan2001 Catherine M. Finnegan, Werner Berg, George K. Lewis, and Anthony L. DeVico. Antigenic Properties of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Envelope during Cell-Cell Fusion. J. Virol., 75(22):11096-11105, Nov 2001. PubMed ID: 11602749. Show all entries for this paper.

Fortin2000 J. F. Fortin, R. Cantin, M. G. Bergeron, and M. J. Tremblay. Interaction between Virion-Bound Host Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 and the High-Affinity State of Lymphocyte Function-Associated Antigen-1 on Target Cells Renders R5 and X4 Isolates of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 More Refractory to Neutralization. Virology, 268:493-503, 2000. PubMed ID: 10704357. Show all entries for this paper.

Frankel1998 S. S. Frankel, R. M. Steinman, N. L. Michael, S. R. Kim, N. Bhardwaj, M. Pope, M. K. Louder, P. K. Ehrenberg, P. W. Parren, D. R. Burton, H. Katinger, T. C. VanCott, M. L. Robb, D. L. Birx, and J. R. Mascola. Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibodies Block Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection of Dendritic Cells and Transmission to T Cells. J. Virol., 72:9788-9794, 1998. Investigation of three human MAbs to elicit a neutralizing effect and block HIV-1 infection in human dendritic cells. Preincubation with NAbs IgG1b12 or a combination of 2F5/2G12 prevented infection of purified DC and transmission in DC/T-cell cultures. PubMed ID: 9811714. Show all entries for this paper.

GoldingH2002 Hana Golding, Marina Zaitseva, Eve de Rosny, Lisa R. King, Jody Manischewitz, Igor Sidorov, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Dimiter S. Dimitrov, and Carol D. Weiss. Dissection of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Entry with Neutralizing Antibodies to gp41 Fusion Intermediates. J. Virol., 76(13):6780-6790, Jul 2002. PubMed ID: 12050391. Show all entries for this paper.

Gonzalez2010 Nuria Gonzalez, Amparo Alvarez, and Jose Alcami. Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies and their Significance for HIV-1 Vaccines. Curr. HIV Res., 8(8):602-612, Dec 2010. PubMed ID: 21054253. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2003 Miroslaw K. Gorny and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Human Monoclonal Antibodies that Neutralize HIV-1. In Bette T. M. Korber and et. al., editors, HIV Immunology and HIV/SIV Vaccine Databases 2003. pages 37--51. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Theoretical Biology \& Biophysics, Los Alamos, N.M., 2004. URL: http://www.hiv.lanl.gov/content/immunology/pdf/2003/zolla-pazner_article.pdf. LA-UR 04-8162. Show all entries for this paper.

Gorny2009 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Bradley Witover, Sherri Burda, Mateusz Urbanski, Phillipe Nyambi, Chavdar Krachmarov, Abraham Pinter, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Arthur Nadas. Preferential Use of the VH5-51 Gene Segment by the Human Immune Response to Code for Antibodies against the V3 Domain of HIV-1. Mol. Immunol., 46(5):917-926, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 18952295. Show all entries for this paper.

Haim2011 Hillel Haim, Bettina Strack, Aemro Kassa, Navid Madani, Liping Wang, Joel R. Courter, Amy Princiotto, Kathleen McGee, Beatriz Pacheco, Michael S. Seaman, Amos B. Smith, 3rd., and Joseph Sodroski. Contribution of Intrinsic Reactivity of the HIV-1 Envelope Glycoproteins to CD4-Independent Infection and Global Inhibitor Sensitivity. PLoS Pathog., 7(6):e1002101, Jun 2011. PubMed ID: 21731494. Show all entries for this paper.

Hoffman1999 T. L. Hoffman, C. C. LaBranche, W. Zhang, G. Canziani, J. Robinson, I. Chaiken, J. A. Hoxie, and R. W. Doms. Stable exposure of the coreceptor-binding site in a CD4-independent HIV-1 envelope protein. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 96(11):6359--64, 25 May 1999. URL: http://www.pnas.org/cgi/content/full/96/11/6359. PubMed ID: 10339592. Show all entries for this paper.

Holl2006 Vincent Holl, Maryse Peressin, Thomas Decoville, Sylvie Schmidt, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Anne-Marie Aubertin, and Christiane Moog. Nonneutralizing Antibodies Are Able To Inhibit Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Replication in Macrophages and Immature Dendritic Cells. J. Virol., 80(12):6177-6181, Jun 2006. PubMed ID: 16731957. Show all entries for this paper.

Huang2005 Chih-chin Huang, Min Tang, Mei-Yun Zhang, Shahzad Majeed, Elizabeth Montabana, Robyn L. Stanfield, Dimiter S. Dimitrov, Bette Korber, Joseph Sodroski, Ian A. Wilson, Richard Wyatt, and Peter D. Kwong. Structure of a V3-Containing HIV-1 gp120 Core. Science, 310(5750):1025-1028, 11 Nov 2005. PubMed ID: 16284180. Show all entries for this paper.

Huang2010 Kuan-Hsiang G. Huang, David Bonsall, Aris Katzourakis, Emma C. Thomson, Sarah J. Fidler, Janice Main, David Muir, Jonathan N. Weber, Alexander J. Frater, Rodney E. Phillips, Oliver G. Pybus, Philip J. R. Goulder, Myra O. McClure, Graham S. Cooke, and Paul Klenerman. B-Cell Depletion Reveals a Role for Antibodies in the Control of Chronic HIV-1 Infection. Nat. Commun., 1:102, 2010. PubMed ID: 20981030. Show all entries for this paper.

Johnson2017 Jacklyn Johnson, Yinjie Zhai, Hamid Salimi, Nicole Espy, Noah Eichelberger, Orlando DeLeon, Yunxia O'Malley, Joel Courter, Amos B. Smith, III, Navid Madani, Joseph Sodroski, and Hillel Haim. Induction of a Tier-1-Like Phenotype in Diverse Tier-2 Isolates by Agents That Guide HIV-1 Env to Perturbation-Sensitive, Nonnative States. J. Virol., 91(15), 1 Aug 2017. PubMed ID: 28490588. Show all entries for this paper.

Kalia2005 Vandana Kalia, Surojit Sarkar, Phalguni Gupta, and Ronald C. Montelaro. Antibody Neutralization Escape Mediated by Point Mutations in the Intracytoplasmic Tail of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp41. J. Virol., 79(4):2097-2107, Feb 2005. PubMed ID: 15681412. Show all entries for this paper.

Klein2012 Florian Klein, Christian Gaebler, Hugo Mouquet, D. Noah Sather, Clara Lehmann, Johannes F. Scheid, Zane Kraft, Yan Liu, John Pietzsch, Arlene Hurley, Pascal Poignard, Ten Feizi, Lynn Morris, Bruce D. Walker, Gerd Fätkenheuer, Michael S. Seaman, Leonidas Stamatatos, and Michel C. Nussenzweig. Broad Neutralization by a Combination of Antibodies Recognizing the CD4 Binding Site and a New Conformational Epitope on the HIV-1 Envelope Protein. J. Exp. Med., 209(8):1469-1479, 30 Jul 2012. PubMed ID: 22826297. Show all entries for this paper.

Klein2013 Florian Klein, Ron Diskin, Johannes F. Scheid, Christian Gaebler, Hugo Mouquet, Ivelin S. Georgiev, Marie Pancera, Tongqing Zhou, Reha-Baris Incesu, Brooks Zhongzheng Fu, Priyanthi N. P. Gnanapragasam, Thiago Y. Oliveira, Michael S. Seaman, Peter D. Kwong, Pamela J. Bjorkman, and Michel C. Nussenzweig. Somatic Mutations of the Immunoglobulin Framework Are Generally Required for Broad and Potent HIV-1 Neutralization. Cell, 153(1):126-138, 28 Mar 2013. PubMed ID: 23540694. Show all entries for this paper.

Kolchinsky2001 P. Kolchinsky, E. Kiprilov, P. Bartley, R. Rubinstein, and J. Sodroski. Loss of a single N-linked glycan allows CD4-independent human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection by altering the position of the gp120 V1/V2 variable loops. J. Virol., 75(7):3435--43, Apr 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/7/3435. PubMed ID: 11238869. Show all entries for this paper.

Kwong2002 Peter D. Kwong, Michael L. Doyle, David J. Casper, Claudia Cicala, Stephanie A. Leavitt, Shahzad Majeed, Tavis D. Steenbeke, Miro Venturi, Irwin Chaiken, Michael Fung, Hermann Katinger, Paul W. I. H. Parren, James Robinson, Donald Van Ryk, Liping Wang, Dennis R. Burton, Ernesto Freire, Richard Wyatt, Joseph Sodroski, Wayne A. Hendrickson, and James Arthos. HIV-1 Evades Antibody-Mediated Neutralization through Conformational Masking of Receptor-Binding Sites. Nature, 420(6916):678-682, 12 Dec 2002. Comment in Nature. 2002 Dec 12;420(6916):623-4. PubMed ID: 12478295. Show all entries for this paper.

Labrijn2003 Aran F. Labrijn, Pascal Poignard, Aarti Raja, Michael B. Zwick, Karla Delgado, Michael Franti, James Binley, Veronique Vivona, Christoph Grundner, Chih-Chin Huang, Miro Venturi, Christos J. Petropoulos, Terri Wrin, Dimiter S. Dimitrov, James Robinson, Peter D. Kwong, Richard T. Wyatt, Joseph Sodroski, and Dennis R. Burton. Access of Antibody Molecules to the Conserved Coreceptor Binding Site on Glycoprotein gp120 Is Sterically Restricted on Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. J. Virol., 77(19):10557-10565, Oct 2003. PubMed ID: 12970440. Show all entries for this paper.

Lavine2012 Christy L. Lavine, Socheata Lao, David C. Montefiori, Barton F. Haynes, Joseph G. Sodroski, Xinzhen Yang, and NIAID Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology (CHAVI). High-Mannose Glycan-Dependent Epitopes Are Frequently Targeted in Broad Neutralizing Antibody Responses during Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Infection. J. Virol., 86(4):2153-2164, Feb 2012. PubMed ID: 22156525. Show all entries for this paper.

Lee1997 S. Lee, K. Peden, D. S. Dimitrov, C. C. Broder, J. Manischewitz, G. Denisova, J. M. Gershoni, and H. Golding. Enhancement of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope-Mediated Fusion by a CD4-gp120 Complex-Specific Monoclonal Antibody. J. Virol., 71:6037-6043, 1997. PubMed ID: 9223495. Show all entries for this paper.

Li1997 A. Li, T. W. Baba, J. Sodroski, S. Zolla-Pazner, M. K. Gorny, J. Robinson, M. R. Posner, H. Katinger, C. F. Barbas III, D. R. Burton, T.-C. Chou, and R. M Ruprecht. Synergistic Neutralization of a Chimeric SIV/HIV Type 1 Virus with Combinations of Human Anti-HIV Type 1 Envelope Monoclonal Antibodies or Hyperimmune Globulins. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 13:647-656, 1997. Multiple combinations of MAbs were tested for their ability to synergize neutralization of a SHIV construct containing HIV IIIB env. All of the MAb combinations tried were synergistic, suggesting such combinations may be useful for passive immunotherapy or immunoprophylaxis. Because SHIV can replicate in rhesus macaques, such approaches can potentially be studied in an it in vivo monkey model. PubMed ID: 9168233. Show all entries for this paper.

Li2009c Yuxing Li, Krisha Svehla, Mark K. Louder, Diane Wycuff, Sanjay Phogat, Min Tang, Stephen A. Migueles, Xueling Wu, Adhuna Phogat, George M. Shaw, Mark Connors, James Hoxie, John R. Mascola, and Richard Wyatt. Analysis of Neutralization Specificities in Polyclonal Sera Derived from Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1-Infected Individuals. J Virol, 83(2):1045-1059, Jan 2009. PubMed ID: 19004942. Show all entries for this paper.

Li2012 Yuxing Li, Sijy O'Dell, Richard Wilson, Xueling Wu, Stephen D. Schmidt, Carl-Magnus Hogerkorp, Mark K. Louder, Nancy S. Longo, Christian Poulsen, Javier Guenaga, Bimal K. Chakrabarti, Nicole Doria-Rose, Mario Roederer, Mark Connors, John R. Mascola, and Richard T. Wyatt. HIV-1 Neutralizing Antibodies Display Dual Recognition of the Primary and Coreceptor Binding Sites and Preferential Binding to Fully Cleaved Envelope Glycoproteins. J. Virol., 86(20):11231-11241, Oct 2012. PubMed ID: 22875963. Show all entries for this paper.

Lin2007 George Lin and Peter L. Nara. Designing Immunogens to Elicit Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies to the HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein. Curr. HIV Res., 5(6):514-541, Nov 2007. PubMed ID: 18045109. Show all entries for this paper.

Liu2015a Mengfei Liu, Guang Yang, Kevin Wiehe, Nathan I. Nicely, Nathan A. Vandergrift, Wes Rountree, Mattia Bonsignori, S. Munir Alam, Jingyun Gao, Barton F. Haynes, and Garnett Kelsoe. Polyreactivity and Autoreactivity among HIV-1 Antibodies. J. Virol., 89(1):784-798, Jan 2015. PubMed ID: 25355869. Show all entries for this paper.

Lusso2005 Paolo Lusso, Patricia L. Earl, Francesca Sironi, Fabio Santoro, Chiara Ripamonti, Gabriella Scarlatti, Renato Longhi, Edward A. Berger, and Samuele E. Burastero. Cryptic Nature of a Conserved, CD4-Inducible V3 Loop Neutralization Epitope in the Native Envelope Glycoprotein Oligomer of CCR5-Restricted, but not CXCR4-Using, Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Strains. J. Virol., 79(11):6957-6968, Jun 2005. PubMed ID: 15890935. Show all entries for this paper.

Ly2000 A. Ly and L. Stamatatos. V2 Loop Glycosylation of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 SF162 Envelope Facilitates Interaction of this Protein with CD4 and CCR5 Receptors and Protects the Virus from Neutralization by Anti-V3 Loop and Anti-CD4 Binding Site Antibodies. J. Virol., 74:6769-6776, 2000. PubMed ID: 10888615. Show all entries for this paper.

Magnus2010 Carsten Magnus and Roland R. Regoes. Estimating the Stoichiometry of HIV Neutralization. PLoS Comput. Biol., 6(3):e1000713, Mar 2010. PubMed ID: 20333245. Show all entries for this paper.

Martin2008 Grégoire Martin, Yide Sun, Bernadette Heyd, Olivier Combes, Jeffrey B Ulmer, Anne Descours, Susan W Barnett, Indresh K Srivastava, and Loïc Martin. A Simple One-Step Method for the Preparation of HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Immunogens Based on a CD4 Mimic Peptide. Virology, 381(2):241-250, 25 Nov 2008. PubMed ID: 18835005. Show all entries for this paper.

Martin2011 Grégoire Martin, Brian Burke, Robert Thaï, Antu K. Dey, Olivier Combes, Bernadette Heyd, Anthony R. Geonnotti, David C. Montefiori, Elaine Kan, Ying Lian, Yide Sun, Toufik Abache, Jeffrey B. Ulmer, Hocine Madaoui, Raphaël Guérois, Susan W. Barnett, Indresh K. Srivastava, Pascal Kessler, and Loïc Martin. Stabilization of HIV-1 Envelope in the CD4-Bound Conformation through Specific Cross-Linking of a CD4 Mimetic. J. Biol. Chem., 286(24):21706-21716, 17 Jun 2011. PubMed ID: 21487012. Show all entries for this paper.

Martin-Garcia2005 Julio Martín-García, Simon Cocklin, Irwin M. Chaiken, and Francisco González-Scarano. Interaction with CD4 and Antibodies to CD4-Induced Epitopes of the Envelope gp120 from a Microglial Cell-Adapted Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate. J. Virol., 79(11):6703-6713, Jun 2005. PubMed ID: 15890908. Show all entries for this paper.

McCaffrey2004 Ruth A McCaffrey, Cheryl Saunders, Mike Hensel, and Leonidas Stamatatos. N-Linked Glycosylation of the V3 Loop and the Immunologically Silent Face of gp120 Protects Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 SF162 from Neutralization by Anti-gp120 and Anti-gp41 Antibodies. J. Virol., 78(7):3279-3295, Apr 2004. PubMed ID: 15016849. Show all entries for this paper.

Mondor1998 I. Mondor, S. Ugolini, and Q. J. Sattentau. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Attachment to HeLa CD4 Cells Is CD4 Independent and Gp120 Dependent and Requires Cell Surface Heparans. J. Virol., 72:3623-3634, 1998. PubMed ID: 9557643. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1993a J. P. Moore and D. D. Ho. Antibodies to discontinuous or conformationally sensitive epitopes on the gp120 glycoprotein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 are highly prevalent in sera of infected humans. J. Virol., 67:863-875, 1993. CD4BS antibodies are prevalent in HIV-1-positive sera, while neutralizing MAbs to C4, V2, and V3 and MAbs to linear epitopes are less common. Most linear epitope MAbs in human sera are directed against the V3 region, and cross-reactive MAbs tend to be directed against discontinuous epitopes. PubMed ID: 7678308. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1993d J. P. Moore, H. Yoshiyama, D. D. Ho, J. E. Robinson, and J. Sodroski. Antigenic Variation in gp120s from Molecular Clones of HIV-1 LAI. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 9:1185-1193, 1993. The binding of MAbs to four molecular clones of HIV-1 LAI: HxB2, HxB3, Hx10, and NL4-3, was measured. Despite the close relationship between these clones, there is considerable variation in their antigenic structure, judged by MAb reactivities to the V2, V3, and C4 domains and to discontinuous epitopes. Small variations in sequence can profoundly affect recognition of gp120 by all five groups of defined anti-gp120 neutralizing antibodies. PubMed ID: 7511394. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1994b J. P. Moore, F. E. McCutchan, S.-W. Poon, J. Mascola, J. Liu, Y. Cao, and D. D. Ho. Exploration of Antigenic Variation in gp120 from Clades A through F of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 by Using Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 68:8350-8364, 1994. Four of five anti-V3 MAbs were slightly cross-reactive within clade B, but not very reactive outside clade B. Two discontinuous CD4 binding site Mabs appear to be pan-reactive. Anti-V2 MAbs were only sporadically reactive inside and outside of clade B. PubMed ID: 7525988. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore1996 J. P. Moore and J. Sodroski. Antibody cross-competition analysis of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp120 exterior envelope glycoprotein. J. Virol., 70:1863-1872, 1996. 46 anti-gp120 monomer MAbs were used to create a competition matrix, and MAb competition groups were defined. The data suggests that there are two faces of the gp120 glycoprotein: a face occupied by the CD4BS, which is presumably also exposed on the oligomeric envelope glycoprotein complex, and a second face which is presumably inaccessible on the oligomer and interacts with a number of nonneutralizing antibodies. PubMed ID: 8627711. Show all entries for this paper.

Nabatov2004 Alexey A. Nabatov, Georgios Pollakis, Thomas Linnemann, Aletta Kliphius, Moustapha I. M. Chalaby, and William A. Paxton. Intrapatient Alterations in the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 V1V2 and V3 Regions Differentially Modulate Coreceptor Usage, Virus Inhibition by CC/CXC Chemokines, Soluble CD4, and the b12 and 2G12 Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 78(1):524-530, Jan 2004. PubMed ID: 14671134. Show all entries for this paper.

Nishiyama2009 Yasuhiro Nishiyama, Stephanie Planque, Yukie Mitsuda, Giovanni Nitti, Hiroaki Taguchi, Lei Jin, Jindrich Symersky, Stephane Boivin, Marcin Sienczyk, Maria Salas, Carl V. Hanson, and Sudhir Paul. Toward Effective HIV Vaccination: Induction of Binary Epitope Reactive Antibodies with Broad HIV Neutralizing Activity. J. Biol. Chem., 284(44):30627-30642, 30 Oct 2009. PubMed ID: 19726674. Show all entries for this paper.

Nora2008 Tamara Nora, Francine Bouchonnet, Béatrice Labrosse, Charlotte Charpentier, Fabrizio Mammano, François Clavel, and Allan J. Hance. Functional Diversity of HIV-1 Envelope Proteins Expressed by Contemporaneous Plasma Viruses. Retrovirology, 5:23, 2008. PubMed ID: 18312646. Show all entries for this paper.

ORourke2012 Sara M. O'Rourke, Becky Schweighardt, Pham Phung, Kathryn A. Mesa, Aaron L. Vollrath, Gwen P. Tatsuno, Briana To, Faruk Sinangil, Kay Limoli, Terri Wrin, and Phillip W. Berman. Sequences in Glycoprotein gp41, the CD4 Binding Site, and the V2 Domain Regulate Sensitivity and Resistance of HIV-1 to Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies. J. Virol., 86(22):12105-12114, Nov 2012. PubMed ID: 22933284. Show all entries for this paper.

Oscherwitz1999 J. Oscherwitz, F. M. Gotch, K. B. Cease, and J. A. Berzofsky. New Insights and Approaches Regarding B- and T-Cell Epitopes in HIV Vaccine Design. AIDS, 13(Suppl A):S163-174, 1999. PubMed ID: 10885773. Show all entries for this paper.

Pancera2010a Marie Pancera, Shahzad Majeed, Yih-En Andrew Ban, Lei Chen, Chih-chin Huang, Leopold Kong, Young Do Kwon, Jonathan Stuckey, Tongqing Zhou, James E. Robinson, William R. Schief, Joseph Sodroski, Richard Wyatt, and Peter D. Kwong. Structure of HIV-1 gp120 with gp41-Interactive Region Reveals Layered Envelope Architecture and Basis of Conformational Mobility. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 107(3):1166-1171, 19 Jan 2010. PubMed ID: 20080564. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2003b Ralph Pantophlet, Ian A. Wilson, and Dennis R. Burton. Hyperglycosylated Mutants of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Type 1 Monomeric gp120 as Novel Antigens for HIV Vaccine Design. J. Virol., 77(10):5889-8901, May 2003. PubMed ID: 12719582. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2004 R. Pantophlet, I. A. Wilson, and D. R. Burton. Improved Design of an Antigen with Enhanced Specificity for the Broadly HIV-Neutralizing Antibody b12. Protein Eng. Des. Sel., 17(10):749-758, Oct 2004. PubMed ID: 15542540. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2009 Ralph Pantophlet, Meng Wang, Rowena O. Aguilar-Sino, and Dennis R. Burton. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Spike of Primary Viruses Can Suppress Antibody Access to Variable Regions. J. Virol., 83(4):1649-1659, Feb 2009. PubMed ID: 19036813. Show all entries for this paper.

Park2000 E. J. Park, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and G. V. Quinnan. A global neutralization resistance phenotype of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 is determined by distinct mechanisms mediating enhanced infectivity and conformational change of the envelope complex. J. Virol., 74:4183-91, 2000. PubMed ID: 10756031. Show all entries for this paper.

Parren1997 P. W. Parren, M. C. Gauduin, R. A. Koup, P. Poignard, Q. J. Sattentau, P. Fisicaro, and D. R. Burton. Erratum to Relevance of the Antibody Response against Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope to Vaccine Design. Immunol. Lett., 58:125-132, 1997. corrected and republished article originally printed in Immunol. Lett. 1997 Jun;57(1-3):105-112. PubMed ID: 9271324. Show all entries for this paper.

Parren1998 P. W. Parren, I. Mondor, D. Naniche, H. J. Ditzel, P. J. Klasse, D. R. Burton, and Q. J. Sattentau. Neutralization of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 by antibody to gp120 is determined primarily by occupancy of sites on the virion irrespective of epitope specificity. J. Virol., 72:3512-9, 1998. The authors propose that the occupancy of binding sites on HIV-1 virions is the major factor in determining neutralization, irrespective of epitope specificity. Neutralization was assayed T-cell-line-adapted HIV-1 isolates. Binding of Fabs to monomeric rgp120 was not correlated with binding to functional oligomeric gp120 or neutralization, while binding to functional oligomeric gp120 was highly correlated with neutralization. The ratios of oligomer binding/neutralization were similar for antibodies to different neutralization epitopes, with a few exceptions. PubMed ID: 9557629. Show all entries for this paper.

Pinter2004 Abraham Pinter, William J. Honnen, Yuxian He, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Samuel C. Kayman. The V1/V2 Domain of gp120 Is a Global Regulator of the Sensitivity of Primary Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolates to Neutralization by Antibodies Commonly Induced upon Infection. J. Virol., 78(10):5205-5215, May 2004. PubMed ID: 15113902. Show all entries for this paper.

Poignard1996b P. Poignard, T. Fouts, D. Naniche, J. P. Moore, and Q. J. Sattentau. Neutralizing antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus type-1 gp120 induce envelope glycoprotein subunit dissociation. J. Exp. Med., 183:473-484, 1996. Binding of Anti-V3 and the CD4I neutralizing MAbs induces shedding of gp120 on cells infected with the T-cell line-adapted HIV-1 molecular clone Hx10. This was shown by significant increases of gp120 in the supernatant, and exposure of a gp41 epitope that is masked in the oligomer. MAbs binding either to the V2 loop or to CD4BS discontinuous epitopes do not induce gp120 dissociation. This suggests HIV neutralization probably is caused by several mechanisms, and one of the mechanisms may involve gp120 dissociation. PubMed ID: 8627160. Show all entries for this paper.

Pollara2013 Justin Pollara, Mattia Bonsignori, M. Anthony Moody, Marzena Pazgier, Barton F. Haynes, and Guido Ferrari. Epitope Specificity of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Antibody Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity (ADCC) Responses. Curr. HIV Res., 11(5):378-387, Jul 2013. PubMed ID: 24191939. Show all entries for this paper.

Reeves2005 Jacqueline D. Reeves, Fang-Hua Lee, John L. Miamidian, Cassandra B. Jabara, Marisa M. Juntilla, and Robert W. Doms. Enfuvirtide Resistance Mutations: Impact on Human Immunodeficiency Virus Envelope Function, Entry Inhibitor Sensitivity, and Virus Neutralization. J. Virol., 79(8):4991-4999, Apr 2005. PubMed ID: 15795284. Show all entries for this paper.

Salzwedel2000 K. Salzwedel, E. D. Smith, B. Dey, and E. A. Berger. Sequential CD4-Coreceptor Interactions in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Env Function: Soluble CD4 Activates Env for Coreceptor-Dependent Fusion and Reveals Blocking Activities of Antibodies against Cryptic Conserved Epitopes on gp120. J. Virol., 74:326-333, 2000. PubMed ID: 10590121. Show all entries for this paper.

Sattentau1995 Q. J. Sattentau, S. Zolla-Pazner, and P. Poignard. Epitope Exposure on Functional, Oligomeric HIV-1 gp41 Molecules. Virology, 206:713-717, 1995. Most gp41 epitopes are masked when associated with gp120 on the cell surface. Weak binding of anti-gp41 MAbs can be enhanced by treatment with sCD4. MAb 2F5 binds to a membrane proximal epitope which binds in the presence of gp120 without sCD4. PubMed ID: 7530400. Show all entries for this paper.

Sattentau1995a Q. J. Sattentau and J. P. Moore. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 neutralization is determined by epitope exposure on the gp120 oligomer. J. Exp. Med., 182:185-196, 1995. This study suggests that antibodies specific for one of five different binding regions on gp120 are associated with viral neutralization: V2, V3, C4, the CD4 binding site, and a complex discontinuous epitope that does not interfere with CD4 binding. Kinetic binding properties of a set of MAbs that bind to these regions were studied, analyzing binding to both functional oligomeric LAI gp120 and soluble monomeric LAI BH10 gp120; neutralization ID$_50$s were also evaluated. It was found that the neutralization ID$_50$s was related to the ability to bind oligomeric, not monomeric, gp120, and concluded that with the exception of the V3 loop, regions of gp120 that are immunogenic will be poorly presented on cell-line-adapted virions. Further, the association rate, estimated as the t$_1/2$ to reach equilibrium binding to multimeric, virion associated, gp120, appears to be a major factor relating to affinity and potency of the neutralization response to cell-line-adapted virus. PubMed ID: 7540648. Show all entries for this paper.

Sattentau1995b Q. J. Sattentau. Conservation of HIV-1 gp120 Neutralizing Epitopes after Formalin Inactivation. AIDS, 9:1383-1385, 1995. PubMed ID: 8605064. Show all entries for this paper.

Selvarajah2005 Suganya Selvarajah, Bridget Puffer, Ralph Pantophlet, Mansun Law, Robert W. Doms, and Dennis R. Burton. Comparing Antigenicity and Immunogenicity of Engineered gp120. J. Virol., 79(19):12148-12163, Oct 2005. PubMed ID: 16160142. Show all entries for this paper.

Smalls-Mantey2012 Adjoa Smalls-Mantey, Nicole Doria-Rose, Rachel Klein, Andy Patamawenu, Stephen A. Migueles, Sung-Youl Ko, Claire W. Hallahan, Hing Wong, Bai Liu, Lijing You, Johannes Scheid, John C. Kappes, Christina Ochsenbauer, Gary J. Nabel, John R. Mascola, and Mark Connors. Antibody-Dependent Cellular Cytotoxicity against Primary HIV-Infected CD4+ T Cells Is Directly Associated with the Magnitude of Surface IgG Binding. J. Virol., 86(16):8672-8680, Aug 2012. PubMed ID: 22674985. Show all entries for this paper.

Srivastava2005 Indresh K. Srivastava, Jeffrey B. Ulmer, and Susan W. Barnett. Role of Neutralizing Antibodies in Protective Immunity Against HIV. Hum. Vaccin., 1(2):45-60, Mar-Apr 2005. PubMed ID: 17038830. Show all entries for this paper.

Srivastava2008 Indresh K. Srivastava, Elaine Kan, Yide Sun, Victoria A. Sharma, Jimna Cisto, Brian Burke, Ying Lian, Susan Hilt, Zohar Biron, Karin Hartog, Leonidas Stamatatos, Ruben Diaz-Avalos, R Holland Cheng, Jeffrey B. Ulmer, and Susan W. Barnett. Comparative Evaluation of Trimeric Envelope Glycoproteins Derived from Subtype C and B HIV-1 R5 Isolates. Virology, 372(2):273-290, 15 Mar 2008. PubMed ID: 18061231. Show all entries for this paper.

Stamatatos1998 L. Stamatatos and C. Cheng-Mayer. An Envelope Modification That Renders a Primary, Neutralization-Resistant Clade B Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Isolate Highly Susceptible to Neutralization by Sera from Other Clades. J. Virol., 72:7840-7845, 1998. PubMed ID: 9733820. Show all entries for this paper.

Sullivan1998 N. Sullivan, Y. Sun, Q. Sattentau, M. Thali, D. Wu, G. Denisova, J. Gershoni, J. Robinson, J. Moore, and J. Sodroski. CD4-Induced Conformational Changes in the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Glycoprotein: Consequences for Virus Entry and Neutralization. J. Virol., 72:4694-4703, 1998. A study of the sCD4 inducible MAb 17bi, and the MAb CG10 that recognizes a gp120-CD4 complex. These epitopes are minimally accessible upon attachment of gp120 to the cell. The CD4-binding induced changes in gp120 were studied, exploring the sequestering of chemokine receptor binding sites from the humoral response. PubMed ID: 9573233. Show all entries for this paper.

Thali1993 M. Thali, J. P. Moore, C. Furman, M. Charles, D. D. Ho, J. Robinson, and J. Sodroski. Characterization of Conserved Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Neutralization Epitopes Exposed upon gp120-CD4 Binding. J. Virol., 67:3978-3988, 1993. Five regions are likely to contribute to the 48d and 17b discontinuous epitopes, either directly or through local conformational effects: the hydrophobic ring-like structure formed by the disulfide bond that links C3 and C4, the base of the stem-loop that contains V1 and V2, and the hydrophobic region in C2 from Arg 252 to Asp 262. Additionally changes in Glu 370, and Met 475 in C5, affected binding and neutralization. The hydrophobic character of these critical regions is consistent with the limited exposure on gp120 prior to CD4 binding. PubMed ID: 7685405. Show all entries for this paper.

Thali1994 M. Thali, M. Charles, C. Furman, L. Cavacini, M. Posner, J. Robinson, and J. Sodroski. Resistance to Neutralization by Broadly Reactive Antibodies to the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Glycoprotein Conferred by a gp41 Amino Acid Change. J. Virol., 68:674-680, 1994. A T->A amino acid substitution at position 582 of gp41 conferred resistance to neutralization to 30\% of HIV positive sera (Wilson et al. J Virol 64:3240-48 (1990)). Monoclonal antibodies that bound to the CD4 binding site were unable to neutralize this virus, but the mutation did not reduce the neutralizing capacity of a V2 region MAb G3-4, V3 region MAbs, or gp41 neutralizing MAb 2F5. PubMed ID: 7507184. Show all entries for this paper.

Trkola1996b A. Trkola, T. Dragic, J. Arthos, J. M. Binley, W. C. Olson, G. P. Allaway, C. Cheng-Mayer, J. Robinson, P. J. Maddon, and J. P. Moore. CD4-Dependent, Antibody-Sensitive Interactions between HIV-1 and Its Co-Receptor CCR-5. Nature, 384:184-187, 1996. CCR-5 is a co-factor for fusion of HIV-1 strains of the non-syncytium-inducing (NSI) phenotype with CD4+ T-cells. CD4 binding greatly increases the efficiency of gp120-CCR-5 interaction. Neutralizing MAbs against the V3 loop and CD4-induced epitopes on gp120 inhibited the interaction of gp120 with CCR-5, without affecting gp120-CD4 binding. PubMed ID: 8906796. Show all entries for this paper.

Tuen2005 Michael Tuen, Maria Luisa Visciano, Peter C. Chien, Jr., Sandra Cohen, Pei-de Chen, James Robinson, Yuxian He, Abraham Pinter, Miroslaw K Gorny, and Catarina E Hioe. Characterization of Antibodies that Inhibit HIV gp120 Antigen Processing and Presentation. Eur. J. Immunol., 35(9):2541-2551, Sep 2005. PubMed ID: 16106369. Show all entries for this paper.

Ugolini1997 S. Ugolini, I. Mondor, P. W. H. I Parren, D. R. Burton, S. A. Tilley, P. J. Klasse, and Q. J. Sattentau. Inhibition of Virus Attachment to CD4+ Target Cells Is a Major Mechanism of T Cell Line-Adapted HIV-1 Neutralization. J. Exp. Med., 186:1287-1298, 1997. PubMed ID: 9334368. Show all entries for this paper.

vanMontfort2007 Thijs van Montfort, Alexey A. Nabatov, Teunis B. H. Geijtenbeek, Georgios Pollakis, and William A. Paxton. Efficient Capture of Antibody Neutralized HIV-1 by Cells Expressing DC-SIGN and Transfer to CD4+ T Lymphocytes. J. Immunol., 178(5):3177-85, 1 Mar 2007. PubMed ID: 17312166. Show all entries for this paper.

vanMontfort2008 Thijs van Montfort, Adri A. M. Thomas, Georgios Pollakis, and William A. Paxton. Dendritic Cells Preferentially Transfer CXCR4-Using Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Variants to CD4+ T Lymphocytes in trans. J. Viro.l, 82(16):7886-7896, Aug 2008. PubMed ID: 18524826. Show all entries for this paper.

vanMontfort2011 Thijs van Montfort, Mark Melchers, Gözde Isik, Sergey Menis, Po-Ssu Huang, Katie Matthews, Elizabeth Michael, Ben Berkhout, William R. Schief, John P. Moore, and Rogier W. Sanders. A Chimeric HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Trimer with an Embedded Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor (GM-CSF) Domain Induces Enhanced Antibody and T Cell Responses. J. Biol. Chem., 286(25):22250-22261, 24 Jun 2011. PubMed ID: 21515681. Show all entries for this paper.

Veillette2014 Maxime Veillette, Anik Désormeaux, Halima Medjahed, Nour-Elhouda Gharsallah, Mathieu Coutu, Joshua Baalwa, Yongjun Guan, George Lewis, Guido Ferrari, Beatrice H. Hahn, Barton F. Haynes, James E. Robinson, Daniel E. Kaufmann, Mattia Bonsignori, Joseph Sodroski, and Andres Finzi. Interaction with Cellular CD4 Exposes HIV-1 Envelope Epitopes Targeted by Antibody-Dependent Cell-Mediated Cytotoxicity. J. Virol., 88(5):2633-2644, Mar 2014. PubMed ID: 24352444. Show all entries for this paper.

Verrier2001 F. Verrier, A. Nadas, M. K. Gorny, and S. Zolla-Pazner. Additive effects characterize the interaction of antibodies involved in neutralization of the primary dualtropic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 isolate 89.6. J. Virol., 75(19):9177--86, Oct 2001. URL: http://jvi.asm.org/cgi/content/full/75/19/9177. PubMed ID: 11533181. Show all entries for this paper.

Weinberg1997 J. Weinberg, H. X. Liao, J. V. Torres, T. J. Matthews, J. Robinson, and B. F. Haynes. Identification of a synthetic peptide that mimics an HIV glycoprotein 120 envelope conformational determinant exposed following ligation of glycoprotein 120 by CD4. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 13:657-64, 1997. PubMed ID: 9168234. Show all entries for this paper.

Wen2010 Michael Wen, Reetakshi Arora, Huiqiang Wang, Lihong Liu, Jason T. Kimata, and Paul Zhou. GPI-Anchored Single Chain Fv---An Effective Way To Capture Transiently-Exposed Neutralization Epitopes on HIV-1 Envelope Spike. Retrovirology, 7:79, 2010. PubMed ID: 20923574. Show all entries for this paper.

Wu2010 Xueling Wu, Zhi-Yong Yang, Yuxing Li, Carl-Magnus Hogerkorp, William R. Schief, Michael S. Seaman, Tongqing Zhou, Stephen D. Schmidt, Lan Wu, Ling Xu, Nancy S. Longo, Krisha McKee, Sijy O'Dell, Mark K. Louder, Diane L. Wycuff, Yu Feng, Martha Nason, Nicole Doria-Rose, Mark Connors, Peter D. Kwong, Mario Roederer, Richard T. Wyatt, Gary J. Nabel, and John R. Mascola. Rational Design of Envelope Identifies Broadly Neutralizing Human Monoclonal Antibodies to HIV-1. Science, 329(5993):856-861, 13 Aug 2010. PubMed ID: 20616233. Show all entries for this paper.

Wu2011 Xueling Wu, Tongqing Zhou, Jiang Zhu, Baoshan Zhang, Ivelin Georgiev, Charlene Wang, Xuejun Chen, Nancy S. Longo, Mark Louder, Krisha McKee, Sijy O'Dell, Stephen Perfetto, Stephen D. Schmidt, Wei Shi, Lan Wu, Yongping Yang, Zhi-Yong Yang, Zhongjia Yang, Zhenhai Zhang, Mattia Bonsignori, John A. Crump, Saidi H. Kapiga, Noel E. Sam, Barton F. Haynes, Melissa Simek, Dennis R. Burton, Wayne C. Koff, Nicole A. Doria-Rose, Mark Connors, NISC Comparative Sequencing Program, James C. Mullikin, Gary J. Nabel, Mario Roederer, Lawrence Shapiro, Peter D. Kwong, and John R. Mascola. Focused Evolution of HIV-1 Neutralizing Antibodies Revealed by Structures and Deep Sequencing. Science, 333(6049):1593-1602, 16 Sep 2011. PubMed ID: 21835983. Show all entries for this paper.

Wyatt1995 R. Wyatt, J. Moore, M. Accola, E. Desjardin, J. Robinson, and J. Sodroski. Involvement of the V1/V2 Variable Loop Structure in the Exposure of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Epitopes Induced by Receptor Binding. J. Virol., 69:5723-5733, 1995. Deletions in the V1/V2 loops of gp120 resulted in the loss of the ability of sCD4 to induce binding of the MAbs 17b, 48d, and A32. A32 can induce binding of 17b and 48d; this induction does not appear to involve the V1/V2 regions. PubMed ID: 7543586. Show all entries for this paper.

Wyatt1997 R. Wyatt, E. Desjardin, U. Olshevsky, C. Nixon, J. Binley, V. Olshevsky, and J. Sodroski. Analysis of the Interaction of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Envelope Glycoprotein with the gp41 Transmembrane Glycoprotein. J. Virol., 71:9722-9731, 1997. This study characterized the binding of gp120 and gp41 by comparing Ab reactivity to soluble gp120 and to a soluble complex of gp120 and gp41 called sgp140. The occlusion of gp120 epitopes in the sgp140 complex provides a guide to the gp120 domains that interact with gp41, localizing them in C1 and C5 of gp120. Mutations that disrupt the binding of the occluded antibodies do not influence NAb binding or CD4 binding, thus if the gp41 binding domain is deleted, the immunologically desirable features of gp120 for vaccine design are still intact. PubMed ID: 9371638. Show all entries for this paper.

Wyatt1998 R. Wyatt, P. D. Kwong, E. Desjardins, R. W. Sweet, J. Robinson, W. A. Hendrickson, and J. G. Sodroski. The Antigenic Structure of the HIV gp120 Envelope Glycoprotein. Nature, 393:705-711, 1998. Comment in Nature 1998 Jun 18;393(6686):630-1. The spatial organization of the neutralizing epitopes of gp120 is described, based on epitope maps interpreted in the context of the X-ray crystal structure of a ternary complex that includes a gp120 core, CD4 and a neutralizing antibody. PubMed ID: 9641684. Show all entries for this paper.

Xiang2002 Shi-Hua. Xiang, Peter D. Kwong, Rishi Gupta, Carlo D. Rizzuto, David J. Casper, Richard Wyatt, Liping Wang, Wayne A. Hendrickson, Michael L. Doyle, and Joseph Sodroski. Mutagenic Stabilization and/or Disruption of a CD4-Bound State Reveals Distinct Conformations of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Envelope Glycoprotein. J. Virol., 76(19):9888-9899, Oct 2002. PubMed ID: 12208966. Show all entries for this paper.

Xiang2002b Shi-Hua Xiang, Najah Doka, Rabeéea K. Choudhary, Joseph Sodroski, and James E. Robinson. Characterization of CD4-Induced Epitopes on the HIV Type 1 gp120 Envelope Glycoprotein Recognized by Neutralizing Human Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 18(16):1207-1217, 1 Nov 2002. PubMed ID: 12487827. Show all entries for this paper.

Yang1998 G. Yang, M. P. D'Souza, and G. N. Vyas. Neutralizing Antibodies against HIV Determined by Amplification of Viral Long Terminal Repeat Sequences from Cells Infected In Vitro by Nonneutralized Virions. J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr. Hum. Retrovirol., 17:27-34, 1998. A neutralization assay was developed based on heminested PCR amplification of the LTR (HNPCR) -- LTR-HNPCR consistently revealed HIV DNA and was shown to be a rapid, specific and reliable neutralization assay based on tests with 6 MAbs and 5 HIV isolates. PubMed ID: 9436755. Show all entries for this paper.

Yang2000 Xinzhen Yang, Michael Farzan, Richard Wyatt, and Joseph Sodroski. Characterization of Stable, Soluble Trimers Containing Complete Ectodomains of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Glycoproteins. J. Virol., 74(12):5716-5725, Jun 2000. PubMed ID: 10823881. Show all entries for this paper.

Yang2002 Xinzhen Yang, Juliette Lee, Erin M. Mahony, Peter D. Kwong, Richard Wyatt, and Joseph Sodroski. Highly Stable Trimers Formed by Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Glycoproteins Fused with the Trimeric Motif of T4 Bacteriophage Fibritin. J. Virol., 76(9):4634-4642, 1 May 2002. PubMed ID: 11932429. Show all entries for this paper.

Yang2005b Xinzhen Yang, Svetla Kurteva, Sandra Lee, and Joseph Sodroski. Stoichiometry of Antibody Neutralization of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. J. Virol., 79(6):3500-3508, Mar 2005. PubMed ID: 15731244. Show all entries for this paper.

Yuan2005 Wen Yuan, Stewart Craig, Xinzhen Yang, and Joseph Sodroski. Inter-Subunit Disulfide Bonds in Soluble HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Trimers. Virology, 332(1):369-383, 5 Feb 2005. PubMed ID: 15661168. Show all entries for this paper.

Zhang2002 Peng Fei Zhang, Peter Bouma, Eun Ju Park, Joseph B. Margolick, James E. Robinson, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Michael N. Flora, and Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr. A Variable Region 3 (V3) Mutation Determines a Global Neutralization Phenotype and CD4-Independent Infectivity of a Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope Associated with a Broadly Cross-Reactive, Primary Virus-Neutralizing Antibody Response. J. Virol., 76(2):644-655, Jan 2002. PubMed ID: 11752155. Show all entries for this paper.

Zhou2010 Tongqing Zhou, Ivelin Georgiev, Xueling Wu, Zhi-Yong Yang, Kaifan Dai, Andrés Finzi, Young Do Kwon, Johannes F. Scheid, Wei Shi, Ling Xu, Yongping Yang, Jiang Zhu, Michel C. Nussenzweig, Joseph Sodroski, Lawrence Shapiro, Gary J. Nabel, John R. Mascola, and Peter D. Kwong. Structural Basis for Broad and Potent Neutralization of HIV-1 by Antibody VRC01. Science, 329(5993):811-817, 13 Aug 2010. PubMed ID: 20616231. Show all entries for this paper.

Zwick2003a Michael B. Zwick, Robert Kelleher, Richard Jensen, Aran F. Labrijn, Meng Wang, Gerald V. Quinnan, Jr., Paul W. H. I. Parren, and Dennis R. Burton. A Novel Human Antibody against Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Is V1, V2, and V3 Loop Dependent and Helps Delimit the Epitope of the Broadly Neutralizing Antibody Immunoglobulin G1 b12. J. Virol., 77(12):6965-6978, Jun 2003. PubMed ID: 12768015. Show all entries for this paper.


Displaying record number 672

Download this epitope record as JSON.

MAb ID CG-10 (CG10)
HXB2 Location Env Env Epitope Map
Author Location gp120( IIIB)
Research Contact Jonathan Gershoni, Tel Aviv University, Isreal
Epitope (Discontinuous epitope)
Subtype B
Ab Type gp120-CD4 complex
Neutralizing L
Species (Isotype) mouse(IgG1)
Patient  
Immunogen vaccine
Keywords antibody binding site, binding affinity, computational epitope prediction, neutralization, review, structure, vaccine antigen design

Vaccine Details

Vaccine type sCD4-gp120 complex
Vaccine strain B clade IIIB
Vaccine component gp120

Notes

Showing 9 of 9 notes.

References

Showing 10 of 10 references.

Dervillez2010 Xavier Dervillez, Volker Klaukien, Ralf Dürr, Joachim Koch, Alexandra Kreutz, Thomas Haarmann, Michaela Stoll, Donghan Lee, Teresa Carlomagno, Barbara Schnierle, Kalle Möbius, Christoph Königs, Christian Griesinger, and Ursula Dietrich. Peptide Ligands Selected with CD4-Induced Epitopes on Native Dualtropic HIV-1 Envelope Proteins Mimic Extracellular Coreceptor Domains and Bind to HIV-1 gp120 Independently of Coreceptor Usage. J. Virol., 84(19):10131-10138, Oct 2010. PubMed ID: 20660187. Show all entries for this paper.

Enshell-Seijffers2003 David Enshell-Seijffers, Dmitri Denisov, Bella Groisman, Larisa Smelyanski, Ronit Meyuhas, Gideon Gross, Galina Denisova, and Jonathan M. Gershoni. The Mapping and Reconstitution of a Conformational Discontinuous B-Cell Epitope of HIV-1. J. Mol. Biol., 334(1):87-101, 14 Nov 2003. PubMed ID: 14596802. Show all entries for this paper.

Finnegan2001 Catherine M. Finnegan, Werner Berg, George K. Lewis, and Anthony L. DeVico. Antigenic Properties of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Envelope during Cell-Cell Fusion. J. Virol., 75(22):11096-11105, Nov 2001. PubMed ID: 11602749. Show all entries for this paper.

Gershoni1993 J. M. Gershoni, G. Denisova, D. Raviv, N. I. Smorodinsky, and D. Buyaner. HIV Binding to its Receptor Creates Specific Epitopes for the CD4/gp120 Complex. FASEB J., 7:1185-1187, 1993. MAbs generated to a sCD4-gp120 complex, and the potential usefulness for vaccine design of epitopes specifically in the complex is discussed. PubMed ID: 7690724. Show all entries for this paper.

Lee1997 S. Lee, K. Peden, D. S. Dimitrov, C. C. Broder, J. Manischewitz, G. Denisova, J. M. Gershoni, and H. Golding. Enhancement of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Envelope-Mediated Fusion by a CD4-gp120 Complex-Specific Monoclonal Antibody. J. Virol., 71:6037-6043, 1997. PubMed ID: 9223495. Show all entries for this paper.

Oscherwitz1999 J. Oscherwitz, F. M. Gotch, K. B. Cease, and J. A. Berzofsky. New Insights and Approaches Regarding B- and T-Cell Epitopes in HIV Vaccine Design. AIDS, 13(Suppl A):S163-174, 1999. PubMed ID: 10885773. Show all entries for this paper.

Rizzuto1998 C. D. Rizzuto, R. Wyatt, N. Hernandez-Ramos, Y. Sun, P. D. Kwong, W. A. Hendrickson, and J. Sodroski. A Conserved HIV gp120 Glycoprotein Structure Involved in Chemokine Receptor Binding. Science, 280:1949-1953, 1998. This paper compares the epitope for CD4 inducible MAbs with the chemokine co-receptor binding site on the gp120 molecule. Site-directed mutagenesis of YU2 Env was guided by information obtained from the crystallized CD4-17b-gp120 core structure, Kwong et al, 1998. YU2 is a primary macrophage tropic R5 isolate with high affinity for both CD4 and CCR5. A protein with the V1-V2 loops deleted, called wt$\Delta$ was the basis for the assay which detected binding of virus to cells expressing CCR5 in the presence of sCD4. Preincubaton with MAb 17b blocks binding, as did the natural ligand for CCR5, MIP-1$\beta$ and anti-CCR5 MAb 2D7. Mutations 437 P/A and 442 Q/L increased CCR5 binding affinity. The region of gp120 CCR5 binding is shown to be the highly conserved $\beta$-sheet bridging structure, located proximal to the V3 loop. PubMed ID: 9632396. Show all entries for this paper.

Srivastava2005 Indresh K. Srivastava, Jeffrey B. Ulmer, and Susan W. Barnett. Role of Neutralizing Antibodies in Protective Immunity Against HIV. Hum. Vaccin., 1(2):45-60, Mar-Apr 2005. PubMed ID: 17038830. Show all entries for this paper.

Sullivan1998 N. Sullivan, Y. Sun, Q. Sattentau, M. Thali, D. Wu, G. Denisova, J. Gershoni, J. Robinson, J. Moore, and J. Sodroski. CD4-Induced Conformational Changes in the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Glycoprotein: Consequences for Virus Entry and Neutralization. J. Virol., 72:4694-4703, 1998. A study of the sCD4 inducible MAb 17bi, and the MAb CG10 that recognizes a gp120-CD4 complex. These epitopes are minimally accessible upon attachment of gp120 to the cell. The CD4-binding induced changes in gp120 were studied, exploring the sequestering of chemokine receptor binding sites from the humoral response. PubMed ID: 9573233. Show all entries for this paper.

Wu1996 L. Wu, N. P. Gerard, R. Wyatt, H. Choe, C. Parolin, N. Ruffing, A. Borsetti, A. A. Cardoso, E. Desjardin, W. Newman, C. Gerard, and J. Sodroski. CD4-Induced Interaction of Primary HIV-1 gp120 Glycoproteins with the Chemokine Receptor CCR-5. Nature, 384:179-183, 1996. Results suggest that HIV-1 attachment to CD4 creates a high-affinity binding site for CCR-5, leading to membrane fusion and virus entry. CD4-induced or V3 neutralizing MAbs block the interaction of gp120-CD4 complexes with CCR-5. PubMed ID: 8906795. Show all entries for this paper.


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