HIV molecular immunology database
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|MAb ID||C6 (Ch6)|
|gp160 Epitope Map|
|Author Location||gp120(91-100 LAI)|
|Ab Type||gp120 C1|
|Vaccine strain||B clade LAI|
Showing 5 of 5 notes.
Showing 4 of 4 references.
Pincus1993 S. H. Pincus and J. McClure. Soluble CD4 Enhances the Efficacy of Immunotoxins Directed against gp41 of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 90:332-336, 1993. PubMed ID: 8419938. Show all entries for this paper.
Abacioglu1994 Y. H. Abacioglu, T. R. Fouts, J. D. Laman, E. Claassen, S. H. Pincus, J. P. Moore, C. A. Roby, R. Kamin-Lewis, and G. K. Lewis. Epitope Mapping and Topology of Baculovirus-Expressed HIV-1 gp160 Determined with a Panel of Murine Monoclonal Antibodies. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 10:371-381, 1994. Thirty MAbs were obtained from BALB/c mice immunized with rgp160 LAI expressed in baculovirus. These antibodies map to 4 domains: gp120 C1, C2, C3/V4, and the cytoplasmic tail of gp41. All epitopes were exposed on rgp160 without denaturing the protein, but 6/8 epitopes mapped in gp120 are not exposed unless the protein is denatured, showing rgp160 and rgp120 fold differently. PubMed ID: 8068416. Show all entries for this paper.
Moore1994a J. P. Moore, Q. J. Sattentau, R. Wyatt, and J. Sodroski. Probing the Structure of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Surface Glycoprotein gp120 with a Panel of Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 68:469-484, 1994. This study compared a large number of MAbs that bind to linear epitopes of gp120, and compared binding affinities for: i) native and SDS-DDT denatured gp120, (clone BH10 of the LAI isolate expressed in CHO cells); ii) recombinant gp120 lacking the V1, V2, V3 loops; iii) a panel of 20 mer peptides; iv) a panel of gp120 mutants; and v) oligomeric versus monomeric gp120. The binding ratio of native versus denatured monomeric gp120 is included in the table in this database. These numbers should be considered with the following points in mind: a continuous epitope may be partially exposed on the surface; and a preparation of rgp120 is not homogeneous and contains fully folded, partly denatured, and some completely unfolded species, so the conformation of what is considered to be a native protein will not only reflect fully folded gp120. The authors suggest that a fivefold increase in the affinity for a MAb binding to denatured versus native gp120 indicates that the epitope is inaccessible in the native form. We also have included here information extracted from Moore et al's list of the gp120 mutations that reduced the binding of a particular MAb. In mapping of exposed regions of gp120, C2, C3, and C5 domain epitopes were found to bind preferentially to denatured gp120. V1, V2 and V3, part of C4, and the extreme carboxy terminus of C5 were exposed on the native monomer. In the oligomeric form of the molecule, only V2, V3 and part of C4 are well exposed as continuous epitopes. PubMed ID: 7504741. Show all entries for this paper.
Pincus1996 S. H. Pincus, K. Wehrly, R. Cole, H. Fang, G. K. Lewis, J. McClure, A. J. Conley, B. Wahren, M. R. Posner, A. L. Notkins, S. A. Tilley, A. Pinter, L. Eiden, M. Teintze, D. Dorward, and V. V. Tolstikov. In Vitro Effects of Anti-HIV Immunotoxins Directed against Multiple Epitopes on HIV Type 1 Envelope Glycoprotein 160. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 12:1041-1051, 1996. A panel of anti-gp160 MAbs to was used to construct anti-HIV immunotoxins by coupling antibodies to ricin A chain (RAC). The ability of the immunotoxins to kill HIV-1-infected cells was tested in tissue culture. Immunotoxins that bind epitopes on the cell surface killed infected cells, although killing was not directly proportional to binding. The activity of anti-gp41 immunotoxins was markedly enhanced in the presence of sCD4. PubMed ID: 8827220. Show all entries for this paper.