HIV molecular immunology database
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|gp160 Epitope Map|
|Author Location||gp120( LAI)|
|Research Contact||S. Nigida and L. Arthur, NCI, Frederick, MD USA|
|Ab Type||gp120 C1|
|Keywords||antibody polyreactivity, immunotherapy|
|Vaccine strain||B clade LAI|
Showing 6 of 6 notes.
Showing 7 of 7 references.
Moore1994a J. P. Moore, Q. J. Sattentau, R. Wyatt, and J. Sodroski. Probing the Structure of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Surface Glycoprotein gp120 with a Panel of Monoclonal Antibodies. J. Virol., 68:469-484, 1994. This study compared a large number of MAbs that bind to linear epitopes of gp120, and compared binding affinities for: i) native and SDS-DDT denatured gp120, (clone BH10 of the LAI isolate expressed in CHO cells); ii) recombinant gp120 lacking the V1, V2, V3 loops; iii) a panel of 20 mer peptides; iv) a panel of gp120 mutants; and v) oligomeric versus monomeric gp120. The binding ratio of native versus denatured monomeric gp120 is included in the table in this database. These numbers should be considered with the following points in mind: a continuous epitope may be partially exposed on the surface; and a preparation of rgp120 is not homogeneous and contains fully folded, partly denatured, and some completely unfolded species, so the conformation of what is considered to be a native protein will not only reflect fully folded gp120. The authors suggest that a fivefold increase in the affinity for a MAb binding to denatured versus native gp120 indicates that the epitope is inaccessible in the native form. We also have included here information extracted from Moore et al's list of the gp120 mutations that reduced the binding of a particular MAb. In mapping of exposed regions of gp120, C2, C3, and C5 domain epitopes were found to bind preferentially to denatured gp120. V1, V2 and V3, part of C4, and the extreme carboxy terminus of C5 were exposed on the native monomer. In the oligomeric form of the molecule, only V2, V3 and part of C4 are well exposed as continuous epitopes. PubMed ID: 7504741. Show all entries for this paper.
Moore1994c J. P. Moore, R. L. Willey, G. K. Lewis, J. Robinson, and J. Sodroski. Immunological evidence for interactions between the first, second and fifth conserved domains of the gp120 surface glycoprotein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. J. Virol., 68:6836-6847, 1994. Mutation 267N/Q in C2 region results in exposing the carboxy-terminal end gp120. PubMed ID: 7933065. Show all entries for this paper.
Moore1996 J. P. Moore and J. Sodroski. Antibody cross-competition analysis of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 gp120 exterior envelope glycoprotein. J. Virol., 70:1863-1872, 1996. 46 anti-gp120 monomer MAbs were used to create a competition matrix, and MAb competition groups were defined. The data suggests that there are two faces of the gp120 glycoprotein: a face occupied by the CD4BS, which is presumably also exposed on the oligomeric envelope glycoprotein complex, and a second face which is presumably inaccessible on the oligomer and interacts with a number of nonneutralizing antibodies. PubMed ID: 8627711. Show all entries for this paper.
Wyatt1997 R. Wyatt, E. Desjardin, U. Olshevsky, C. Nixon, J. Binley, V. Olshevsky, and J. Sodroski. Analysis of the Interaction of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 gp120 Envelope Glycoprotein with the gp41 Transmembrane Glycoprotein. J. Virol., 71:9722-9731, 1997. This study characterized the binding of gp120 and gp41 by comparing Ab reactivity to soluble gp120 and to a soluble complex of gp120 and gp41 called sgp140. The occlusion of gp120 epitopes in the sgp140 complex provides a guide to the gp120 domains that interact with gp41, localizing them in C1 and C5 of gp120. Mutations that disrupt the binding of the occluded antibodies do not influence NAb binding or CD4 binding, thus if the gp41 binding domain is deleted, the immunologically desirable features of gp120 for vaccine design are still intact. PubMed ID: 9371638. Show all entries for this paper.
Binley1998 J. M. Binley, R. Wyatt, E. Desjardins, P. D. Kwong, W. Hendrickson, J. P. Moore, and J. Sodroski. Analysis of the Interaction of Antibodies with a Conserved Enzymatically Deglycosylated Core of the HIV Type 1 Envelope Glycoprotein 120. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 14:191-198, 1998. This paper helped showed the biological relevance of a deglycosylated variable loop deleted form of the core gp120. PubMed ID: 9491908. Show all entries for this paper.
Maksiutov2002 A. Z. Maksiutov, A. G. Bachinskii, and S. I. Bazhan. [Searching for Local Similarities Between HIV-1 and Human Proteins. Application to Vaccines]. Mol Biol (Mosk), 36(3):447-459, May-Jun 2002. Article in Russian. PubMed ID: 12068630. Show all entries for this paper.
Kanduc2008 Darja Kanduc, Rosario Serpico, Alberta Lucchese, and Yehuda Shoenfeld. Correlating Low-Similarity Peptide Sequences and HIV B-Cell Epitopes. Autoimmun. Rev., 7(4):291-296, Feb 2008. PubMed ID: 18295732. Show all entries for this paper.