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MAb ID 2909
HXB2 Location Env Env Epitope Map
Author Location  
Research Contact Susan Zolla-Pazner (, NYU, NY
Epitope (Discontinuous epitope)
Subtype B
Ab Type quaternary structure
Neutralizing View neutralization details
Species (Isotype) human(IgG1λ)
Immunogen HIV-1 infection
Keywords antibody binding site, antibody generation, antibody sequence, autologous responses, binding affinity, escape, glycosylation, neutralization, review, structure, subtype comparisons, vaccine antigen design, variant cross-reactivity


Showing 21 of 21 notes.


Showing 21 of 21 references.

Isolation Paper
Gorny2005 Miroslaw K. Gorny, Leonidas Stamatatos, Barbara Volsky, Kathy Revesz, Constance Williams, Xiao-Hong Wang, Sandra Cohen, Robert Staudinger, and Susan Zolla-Pazner. Identification of a New Quaternary Neutralizing Epitope on Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Virus Particles. J. Virol., 79(8):5232-5237, Apr 2005. PubMed ID: 15795308. Show all entries for this paper.

Andrabi2015 Raiees Andrabi, James E. Voss, Chi-Hui Liang, Bryan Briney, Laura E. McCoy, Chung-Yi Wu, Chi-Huey Wong, Pascal Poignard, and Dennis R. Burton. Identification of Common Features in Prototype Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies to HIV Envelope V2 Apex to Facilitate Vaccine Design. Immunity, 43(5):959-973, 17 Nov 2015. PubMed ID: 26588781. Show all entries for this paper.

Changela2011 Anita Changela, Xueling Wu, Yongping Yang, Baoshan Zhang, Jiang Zhu, Glenn A. Nardone, Sijy O'Dell, Marie Pancera, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Sanjay Phogat, James E. Robinson, Leonidas Stamatatos, Susan Zolla-Pazner, John R. Mascola, and Peter D. Kwong. Crystal Structure of Human Antibody 2909 Reveals Conserved Features of Quaternary Structure-Specific Antibodies That Potently Neutralize HIV-1. J. Virol., 85(6):2524-2535, Mar 2011. PubMed ID: 21191009. Show all entries for this paper.

Honnen2007 W. J. Honnen, C. Krachmarov, S. C. Kayman, M. K. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, and A. Pinter. Type-Specific Epitopes Targeted by Monoclonal Antibodies with Exceptionally Potent Neutralizing Activities for Selected Strains of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Map to a Common Region of the V2 Domain of gp120 and Differ Only at Single Positions from the Clade B Consensus Sequence. J. Virol., 81(3):1424-1432, Feb 2007. PubMed ID: 17121806. Show all entries for this paper.

Kimura2009 Tetsuya Kimura, Xiao-Hong Wang, Constance Williams, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Miroslaw K. Gorny. Human Monoclonal Antibody 2909 Binds to Pseudovirions Expressing Trimers but not Monomeric HIV-1 Envelope Proteins. Hum. Antibodies, 18(1-2):35-40, 2009. PubMed ID: 19478397. Show all entries for this paper.

Kovacs2012 James M. Kovacs, Joseph P. Nkolola, Hanqin Peng, Ann Cheung, James Perry, Caroline A. Miller, Michael S. Seaman, Dan H. Barouch, and Bing Chen. HIV-1 Envelope Trimer Elicits More Potent Neutralizing Antibody Responses than Monomeric gp120. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 109(30):12111-12116, 24 Jul 2012. PubMed ID: 22773820. Show all entries for this paper.

Kwong2009 Peter D. Kwong, John R. Mascola, and Gary J. Nabel. Mining the B Cell Repertoire for Broadly Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibodies to HIV-1. Cell Host Microbe, 6(4):292-294, 22 Oct 2009. PubMed ID: 19837366. Show all entries for this paper.

Kwong2009a Peter D. Kwong and Ian A. Wilson. HIV-1 and Influenza Antibodies: Seeing Antigens in New Ways. Nat. Immunol., 10(6):573-578, Jun 2009. PubMed ID: 19448659. Show all entries for this paper.

Kwong2011 Peter D. Kwong, John R. Mascola, and Gary J. Nabel. Rational Design of Vaccines to Elicit Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies to HIV-1. Cold Spring Harb. Perspect. Med., 1(1):a007278, Sep 2011. PubMed ID: 22229123. Show all entries for this paper.

Leaman2010 Daniel P. Leaman, Heather Kinkead, and Michael B. Zwick. In-Solution Virus Capture Assay Helps Deconstruct Heterogeneous Antibody Recognition of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1. J. Virol., 84(7):3382-3395, Apr 2010. PubMed ID: 20089658. Show all entries for this paper.

McLellan2011 Jason S. McLellan, Marie Pancera, Chris Carrico, Jason Gorman, Jean-Philippe Julien, Reza Khayat, Robert Louder, Robert Pejchal, Mallika Sastry, Kaifan Dai, Sijy O'Dell, Nikita Patel, Syed Shahzad-ul-Hussan, Yongping Yang, Baoshan Zhang, Tongqing Zhou, Jiang Zhu, Jeffrey C. Boyington, Gwo-Yu Chuang, Devan Diwanji, Ivelin Georgiev, Young Do Kwon, Doyung Lee, Mark K. Louder, Stephanie Moquin, Stephen D. Schmidt, Zhi-Yong Yang, Mattia Bonsignori, John A. Crump, Saidi H. Kapiga, Noel E. Sam, Barton F. Haynes, Dennis R. Burton, Wayne C. Koff, Laura M. Walker, Sanjay Phogat, Richard Wyatt, Jared Orwenyo, Lai-Xi Wang, James Arthos, Carole A. Bewley, John R. Mascola, Gary J. Nabel, William R. Schief, Andrew B. Ward, Ian A. Wilson, and Peter D. Kwong. Structure of HIV-1 gp120 V1/V2 Domain with Broadly Neutralizing Antibody PG9. Nature, 480(7377):336-343, 15 Dec 2011. PubMed ID: 22113616. Show all entries for this paper.

Moore2011 Penny L. Moore, Elin S. Gray, Daniel Sheward, Maphuti Madiga, Nthabeleng Ranchobe, Zhong Lai, William J. Honnen, Molati Nonyane, Nancy Tumba, Tandile Hermanus, Sengeziwe Sibeko, Koleka Mlisana, Salim S. Abdool Karim, Carolyn Williamson, Abraham Pinter, Lynn Morris, and CAPRISA 002 Study. Potent and Broad Neutralization of HIV-1 Subtype C by Plasma Antibodies Targeting a Quaternary Epitope Including Residues in the V2 loop. J. Virol., 85(7):3128-3141, Apr 2011. PubMed ID: 21270156. Show all entries for this paper.

ORourke2012 Sara M. O'Rourke, Becky Schweighardt, Pham Phung, Kathryn A. Mesa, Aaron L. Vollrath, Gwen P. Tatsuno, Briana To, Faruk Sinangil, Kay Limoli, Terri Wrin, and Phillip W. Berman. Sequences in Glycoprotein gp41, the CD4 Binding Site, and the V2 Domain Regulate Sensitivity and Resistance of HIV-1 to Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies. J. Virol., 86(22):12105-12114, Nov 2012. PubMed ID: 22933284. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2006 Ralph Pantophlet and Dennis R. Burton. GP120: Target for Neutralizing HIV-1 Antibodies. Annu. Rev. Immunol., 24:739-769, 2006. PubMed ID: 16551265. Show all entries for this paper.

Pantophlet2010 Ralph Pantophlet. Antibody Epitope Exposure and Neutralization of HIV-1. Curr. Pharm. Des., 16(33):3729-3743, 2010. PubMed ID: 21128886. Show all entries for this paper.

Robinson2008 J.E. Robinson, K. Franco, D. Elliott, C. Derdeyn, D. Montefiori, H. Tang, M. Gorny, S. Zolla-Pazner, Z. Kraft, and L. Stamatatos. Human and Rhesus MAbs Recognizing Distinct Groups of Epitopes that Elicit Neutralizing Antibodies against Autologous HIV-1 Strains. AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses, 24(s1):48, October 2008. Show all entries for this paper.

Robinson2010 James E. Robinson, Kelly Franco, Debra Holton Elliott, Mary Jane Maher, Ashley Reyna, David C. Montefiori, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Zane Kraft, and Leonidas Stamatatos. Quaternary Epitope Specificities of Anti-HIV-1 Neutralizing Antibodies Generated in Rhesus Macaques Infected by the Simian/Human Immunodeficiency Virus SHIVSF162P4. J. Virol., 84(7):3443-3453, Apr 2010. PubMed ID: 20106929. Show all entries for this paper.

Spurrier2011 Brett Spurrier, Jared M. Sampson, Maxim Totrov, Huiguang Li, Timothy O'Neal, Constance Williams, James Robinson, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Susan Zolla-Pazner, and Xiang-Peng Kong. Structural Analysis of Human and Macaque mAbs 2909 and 2.5B: Implications for the Configuration of the Quaternary Neutralizing Epitope of HIV-1 gp120. Structure, 19(5):691-699, 11 May 2011. PubMed ID: 21565703. Show all entries for this paper.

Walker2010 Laura M. Walker, Melissa D. Simek, Frances Priddy, Johannes S. Gach, Denise Wagner, Michael B. Zwick, Sanjay K. Phogat, Pascal Poignard, and Dennis R. Burton. A Limited Number of Antibody Specificities Mediate Broad and Potent Serum Neutralization in Selected HIV-1 Infected Individuals. PLoS Pathog., 6(8), 2010. PubMed ID: 20700449. Show all entries for this paper.

Wibmer2016 Constantinos Kurt Wibmer, Jason Gorman, Colin S. Anthony, Nonhlanhla N. Mkhize, Aliaksandr Druz, Talita York, Stephen D. Schmidt, Phillip Labuschagne, Mark K. Louder, Robert T. Bailer, Salim S. Abdool Karim, John R. Mascola, Carolyn Williamson, Penny L. Moore, Peter D. Kwong, and Lynn Morris. Structure of an N276-Dependent HIV-1 Neutralizing Antibody Targeting a Rare V5 Glycan Hole Adjacent to the CD4 Binding Site. J. Virol., 90(22):10220-10235, 15 Nov 2016. PubMed ID: 27581986. Show all entries for this paper.

Wu2011a Xueling Wu, Anita Changela, Sijy O'Dell, Stephen D. Schmidt, Marie Pancera, Yongping Yang, Baoshan Zhang, Miroslaw K. Gorny, Sanjay Phogat, James E. Robinson, Leonidas Stamatatos, Susan Zolla-Pazner, Peter D. Kwong, and John R. Mascola. Immunotypes of a Quaternary Site of HIV-1 Vulnerability and Their Recognition by Antibodies. J. Virol., 85(9):4578-4585, May 2011. PubMed ID: 21325411. Show all entries for this paper.

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